\\psf\Home\Desktop\Cc-1975\Madhya 10 -- 1975.TXT
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Madhya 10-1975: The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri
Chapter 10
The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was traveling in South India, Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya had many talks with King Prataparudra. When Maharaja
Prataparudra requested the Bhattacarya to arrange an interview with the
Lord, Bhattacarya assured him that he would try to do so as soon as
Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned from South India. When the Lord returned to
Jagannatha Puri from His South Indian tour, He lived at the home of Kasi
Misra. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya introduced many Vaisnavas to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu after His return. The father of Ramananda Raya, Bhavananda
Raya, offered another son named Vaninatha Pattanayaka for the Lord's
service. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu informed His associates about the
pollution of Krsnadasa brought about by his association with the
Bhattatharis, and thus the Lord proposed to give him leave. Nityananda
Prabhu sent Krsnadasa to Bengal to inform the Navadvipa devotees about
the Lord's return to Jagannatha Puri. All the devotees of Navadvipa thus
began arranging to come to Jagannatha Puri. At this time Paramananda
Puri was at Navadvipa, and immediately upon hearing news of the Lord's
return, he started for Jagannatha Puri accompanied by a brahmana named
Kamalakanta. Purusottama Bhattacarya, a resident of Navadvipa, was
educated at Varanasi. He accepted the renounced order from Caitanyananda,
but he himself took the name of Svarupa. Thus he arrived at the lotus
feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. After the demise of Sri Isvara Puri,
his disciple Govinda, following his instructions, went to see Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Due to his relationship with Kesava Bharati, Brahmananda
Bharati was also respectfully received by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When
he arrived at Jagannatha Puri, he was advised to give up the deerskin
clothing he wore. When Brahmananda understood Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
correctly, he accepted Him as Krsna himself. However, when Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya addressed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as Krsna, the Lord
immediately protested. In the meantime, Kasisvara Gosvami also came to
see Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In this chapter, devotees from many different
areas come to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and they are exactly like many
rivers that come from many places to finally flow into the sea.
Madhya 10.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
tam vande gaura-jaladam
svasya yo darsanamrtaih
vicchedavagraha-mlana-
bhakta-sasyany ajivayat
SYNONYMS
tam -- unto Him; vande -- I offer my respectful obeisances; gaura -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala-dam -- rain cloud; svasya -- of Himself; yah --
He who; darsana-amrtaih -- by the nectar of the audience; viccheda --
because of separation; avagraha -- scarcity of rain; mlana -- morose,
dried up; bhakta -- devotees; sasyani -- food grains; ajivayat -- saved.
TRANSLATION
I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who
is compared to a cloud that pours water on fields of grain, which are
like devotees suffering due to a shortage of rain. Separation from Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu is like a drought, but when the Lord returns, His
presence is like a nectarean rain that falls on all the grains and saves
them from perishing.
Madhya 10.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-caitanya jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-caitanya -- to Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- to Nityananda Prabhu;
jaya -- all glories; advaita-candra -- to Advaita Acarya; jaya -- all
glories; gaura-bhakta-vrnda -- to all the devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Caitanya. All glories to Nityananda. All
glories to Advaitacandra. And all glories to all the devotees of Lord
Caitanya.
Madhya 10.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
purve yabe mahaprabhu calila daksine
prataparudra raja tabe bolaila sarvabhaume
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; yabe -- when; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
calila -- departed; daksine -- for His South Indian tour; prataparudra --
Prataparudra; raja -- the King; tabe -- at that time; bolaila -- called
for; sarvabhaume -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu departed for South India, King Prataparudra
called Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya to his palace.
Madhya 10.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
vasite asana dila kari' namaskare
mahaprabhura varta tabe puchila tanhare
SYNONYMS
vasite -- to sit; asana -- sitting place; dila -- offered; kari' --
doing; namaskare -- obeisances; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; varta -- news; tabe -- at that time; puchila -- inquired;
tanhare -- from him.
TRANSLATION
When Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya met with the King, the King offered him a
seat with all respects and inquired about news of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 10.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
sunilana tomara ghare eka mahasaya
gauda ha-ite aila, tenho maha-krpamaya
SYNONYMS
sunilana -- I have heard; tomara -- your; ghare -- at home; eka -- one;
mahasaya -- great personality; gauda ha-ite -- from Bengal; aila -- has
come; tenho -- He; maha-krpa-maya -- very merciful.
TRANSLATION
The King said to the Bhattacarya, "I have heard that one great
personality has come from Bengal and is staying at your home. I have
also heard that He is very, very merciful.
Madhya 10.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
tomare bahu krpa kaila, kahe sarva-jana
krpa kari' karaha more tanhara darsana
SYNONYMS
tomare -- unto you; bahu krpa -- great mercy; kaila -- showed; kahe --
says; sarva-jana -- everyone; krpa kari' -- being merciful; karaha --
arrange; more -- for me; tanhara -- His; darsana -- interview.
TRANSLATION
"I have also heard that this great personality has shown you great favor.
At any rate, this is what I hear from many different people. Now, being
merciful upon me, you should do me the favor of arranging an interview."
Madhya 10.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
bhatta kahe, -- ye sunila saba satya haya
tanra darsana tomara ghatana na haya
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- Bhattacarya replied; ye -- what; sunila -- you have
heard; saba -- all; satya -- true; haya -- is; tanra darsana -- His
interview; tomara -- of you; ghatana -- happening; na haya -- is not.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya replied, "All that you have heard is true, but as far as
an interview is concerned, it is very difficult to arrange.
Madhya 10.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
virakta sannyasi tenho rahena nirjane
svapneha na karena tenho raja-darasane
SYNONYMS
virakta -- detached; sannyasi -- in the renounced order; tenho -- He;
rahena -- keeps Himself; nirjane -- in a solitary place; svapneha --
even in dreams; na -- does not; karena -- do; tenho -- he; raja-darasane
-- interview with a king.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is in the renounced order and is very much
detached from worldly affairs. He stays in solitary places, and even in
dreams He does not grant interviews to a king.
Madhya 10.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
tathapi prakare toma karaitama darasana
samprati karila tenho daksina gamana
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- yet; prakare -- somehow or other; toma -- you; karaitama -- I
would have arranged; darasana -- interview; samprati -- recently; karila
-- has done; tenho -- He; daksina -- to the southern part of India;
gamana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
"Still, I would have tried to arrange your interview, but He has
recently left to tour South India."
Madhya 10.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
raja kahe, -- jagannatha chadi' kene gela
bhatta kahe, -- mahantera ei eka lila
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; jagannatha chadi' -- leaving the palace of
Lord Jagannatha; kene gela -- why did He leave; bhatta kahe --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied; mahantera -- of a great person; ei --
this; eka -- one; lila -- pastime.
TRANSLATION
The King asked, "Why has He left Jagannatha Puri?" Bhattacarya replied, "
Such are the pastimes of a great personality.
Madhya 10.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
tirtha pavitra karite kare tirtha-bhramana
sei chale nistaraye samsarika jana
SYNONYMS
tirtha -- holy places; pavitra karite -- to purify; kare -- does; tirtha-
bhramana -- touring in places of pilgrimage; sei chale -- on that plea;
nistaraye -- delivers; samsarika -- conditioned; jana -- souls.
TRANSLATION
"Great saints go to holy places of pilgrimage in order to purify them.
For that reason Caitanya Mahaprabhu is visiting many tirthas and
delivering many, many conditioned souls.
Madhya 10.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
bhavad-vidha bhagavatas
tirthi-bhutah svayam vibho
tirthi-kurvanti tirthani
svantah-sthena gadabhrta
SYNONYMS
bhavat -- your good self; vidhah -- like; bhagavatah -- devotees; tirthi
-- as holy places of pilgrimage; bhutah -- existing; svayam --
themselves; vibho -- O almighty one; tirthi-kurvanti -- make into holy
places of pilgrimage; tirthani -- the holy places; sva-antah-sthena --
being situated in their hearts; gada-bhrta -- by the Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
" 'Saints of your caliber are themselves places of pilgrimage. Because
of their purity, they are constant companions of the Lord, and therefore
they can purify even the places of pilgrimage.'
PURPORT
This verse spoken by Maharaja Yudhisthira to Vidura in the Srimad-
Bhagavatam (1.13.10) is also quoted in the Adi-lila (1.63).
Madhya 10.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
vaisnavera ei haya eka svabhava niscala
tenho jiva nahena, hana svatantra isvara
SYNONYMS
vaisnavera -- of great devotees; ei -- this; haya -- is; eka -- one;
sva-bhava -- nature; niscala -- unflinching; tenho -- he; jiva --
conditioned soul; nahena -- is not; hana -- is; svatantra -- independent;
isvara -- controller.
TRANSLATION
"A Vaisnava travels to places of pilgrimage to purify them and reclaim
fallen conditioned souls. This is one of the duties of a Vaisnava.
Actually, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is not a living entity but the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Himself. Consequently, He is a fully independent
controller, yet in His position as a devotee, He carries out the
activities of a devotee."
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura points out that because there
are many permanent residents in holy places who do not precisely follow
the rules and regulations governing living in a sacred place, exalted
devotees have to go to these places to reclaim them. This is the
business of a Vaisnava. A Vaisnava is unhappy to see others materially
enmeshed. Although Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the worshipable Deity
of all Vaisnavas, the activities of a Vaisnava were taught by Him.
Nonetheless, He is the complete and independent
Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is purnah suddho nitya-muktah. He is
complete, completely uncontaminated and eternal. He is
sanatana, for He has no beginning or end.
Madhya 10.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
raja kahe, -- tanre tumi yaite kene dile
paya padi' yatna kari' kene na rakhile
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; tanre -- Him; tumi -- you; yaite -- to go;
kene -- why; dile -- allowed; paya -- at His lotus feet; padi' --
falling; yatna kari' -- endeavoring very much; kene -- why; na -- not;
rakhile -- kept.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing this, the King replied, "Why did you allow Him to leave?
Why didn't you fall at His lotus feet and keep Him here?"
Madhya 10.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe, -- tenho svayam isvara svatantra
saksat sri-krsna, tenho nahe para-tantra
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Sarvabhauma replied; tenho -- He; svayam --
personally; isvara -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svatantra --
independent; saksat -- directly; sri-krsna -- Lord Krsna; tenho -- He;
nahe -- is not; para-tantra -- dependent on anyone.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied, "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Himself and is completely independent. Being Lord
Krsna Himself, He is not dependent on anyone.
Madhya 10.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
tathapi rakhite tanre bahu yatna kailun
isvarera svatantra iccha, rakhite narilun
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- still; rakhite -- to keep; tanre -- Him; bahu -- various;
yatna -- endeavors; kailun -- I made; isvarera -- of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; svatantra -- independent; iccha -- desire;
rakhite -- to keep; narilun -- I was unable.
TRANSLATION
"Still, I endeavored very hard to keep Him here, but because He is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and completely independent, I was not
successful."
Madhya 10.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
raja kahe, -- bhatta tumi vijna-siromani
tumi tanre 'krsna' kaha, tate satya mani
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; bhatta -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; tumi --
you; vijna-siromani -- the most experienced learned scholar; tumi -- you;
tanre -- Him; krsna kaha -- address as Lord Krsna; tate -- your
statement; satya mani -- I accept as true.
TRANSLATION
The King said, "Bhattacarya, you are the most learned and experienced
person I know. Therefore when you address Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as
Lord Krsna, I accept this as the truth.
PURPORT
This is the way to advance in spiritual science. One must accept the
words of an acarya, a bona fide spiritual master, to clear the path for
spiritual advancement. This is the secret of success. However, one's
guide must be a spiritual master who is actually an unalloyed devotee
strictly following the instructions of the previous acarya without
deviation. Whatever the spiritual master says must be accepted by the
disciple. Only then is success certain. This is the Vedic system.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was a brahmana and a realized soul, whereas
Prataparudra was a ksatriya. Ksatriya kings used to obey very faithfully
the orders of learned brahmanas and saintly persons, and in this way
they would rule their country. Similarly, vaisyas used to follow the
king's orders, and the sudras used to serve the three higher castes. In
this way the brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras used to live
cooperatively performing their respective duties. Consequently society
was peaceful, and people were able to discharge the duties of Krsna
consciousness. Thus they were happy in this life and able to return home,
back to Godhead.
Madhya 10.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
punarapi ihan tanra haile agamana
eka-bara dekhi' kari saphala nayana
SYNONYMS
punarapi -- again; ihan -- here; tanra -- His; haile -- when there is;
agamana -- arrival; eka-bara -- once; dekhi' -- seeing; kari -- I make;
sa-phala -- fruitful; nayana -- my eyes.
TRANSLATION
"When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returns again, I wish to see Him just once
in order to make my eyes perfect."
Madhya 10.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe, -- tenho asibe alpa-kale
rahite tanre eka sthana cahiye virale
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied; tenho -- He; asibe -
- will come; alpa-kale -- very soon; rahite -- to keep; tanre -- Him;
eka -- one; sthana -- place; cahiye -- I want; virale -- secluded.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied, "His Holiness Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu will return very soon. I wish to have a nice place ready for
Him, a place solitary and peaceful.
Madhya 10.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
thakurera nikata, ara ha-ibe nirjane
e-mata nirnaya kari' deha' eka sthane
SYNONYMS
thakurera nikata -- near the place of Lord Jagannatha; ara -- also; ha-
ibe -- must be; nirjane -- secluded; e-mata -- in this way; nirnaya kari'
-- considering carefully; deha' -- please give; eka sthane -- one place.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Caitanya's residence should be very secluded and also near the
temple of Jagannatha. Please consider this proposal and give me a nice
place for Him."
Madhya 10.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
raja kahe, -- aiche kasi-misrera bhavana
thakurera nikata, haya parama nirjana
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King replied; aiche -- exactly like that; kasi-misrera
bhavana -- the house of Kasi Misra; thakurera nikata -- near Lord
Jagannatha; haya -- is; parama -- very; nirjana -- secluded.
TRANSLATION
The King replied, "Kasi Misra's house is exactly what you require. It is
near the temple and is very secluded, calm and quiet."
Madhya 10.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
eta kahi' raja rahe utkanthita hana
bhattacarya kasi-misre kahila asiya
SYNONYMS
eta kahi' -- saying this; raja -- the King; rahe -- remained; utkanthita
-- very anxious; hana -- being; bhattacarya -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya;
kasi-misre -- unto Kasi Misra; kahila -- said; asiya -- coming.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, the King became very anxious for the Lord to return.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya then went to Kasi Misra to convey the King's
desire.
Madhya 10.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
kasi-misra kahe, -- ami bada bhagyavan
mora grhe 'prabhu-padera' habe avasthana
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra kahe -- Kasi Misra said; ami -- I; bada -- very much;
bhagyavan -- fortunate; mora grhe -- in my home; prabhu-padera -- of the
Lord of the prabhus; habe -- there will be; avasthana -- staying.
TRANSLATION
When Kasi Misra heard the proposal, he said, "I am very fortunate that
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord of all prabhus, will stay at my home."
PURPORT
In this verse the word Prabhupada, referring to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
is significant. Regarding this, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami
Prabhupada comments, "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Himself, Sri Krsna, and all His servants address Him as
Prabhupada. This means that there are many prabhus taking shelter under
His lotus feet." The pure Vaisnava is addressed as prabhu, and this
address is an etiquette observed between Vaisnavas. When many prabhus
remain under the shelter of the lotus feet of another prabhu, the
address Prabhupada is given. Sri Nityananda Prabhu and Sri Advaita
Prabhu are also addressed as Prabhupada. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Sri
Advaita Prabhu and Sri Nityananda Prabhu are all visnu-tattva, the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Visnu. Therefore all living
entities are under Their lotus feet. Lord Visnu is the eternal Lord of
everyone, and the representative of Lord Visnu is the Lord's
confidential servant. Such a person acts as the spiritual master for
neophyte Vaisnavas; therefore the spiritual master is as respectable as
Sri Krsna Caitanya or Lord Visnu Himself. For this reason the spiritual
master is addressed as Om Visnupada or Prabhupada. The acarya, the
spiritual master, is generally respected by others as Sripada, and the
initiated Vaisnavas are addressed as Prabhu. Prabhu, Prabhupada and
Visnupada are described in revealed scriptures like Srimad-Bhagavatam,
Caitanya-caritamrta and Caitanya-bhagavata. In this regard, these
scriptures present evidence accepted by unalloyed devotees.
The prakrta-sahajiyas are not even worthy of being called Vaisnavas.
They think that only caste gosvamis should be called Prabhupada. Such
ignorant sahajiyas call themselves vaisnava-dasa-anudasa, which means
the servant of the servant of the Vaisnavas. However,
they are opposed to addressing a pure Vaisnava as Prabhupada. In other
words, they are envious of a bona fide spiritual master who is addressed
as Prabhupada, and they commit offenses by considering a bona fide
spiritual master an ordinary human being or a member of a certain caste.
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura describes such sahajiyas as most
unfortunate. Because of their misconceptions, they fall into a hellish
condition.
Madhya 10.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
ei-mata purusottama-vasi yata jana
prabhuke milite sabara utkanthita mana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; purusottama-vasi -- the residents of Jagannatha
Puri; yata -- all; jana -- persons; prabhuke -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; milite -- to meet; sabara -- of everyone; utkanthita --
anxious; mana -- mind.
TRANSLATION
Thus all the residents of Jagannatha Puri, which is also known as
Purusottama, were very anxious to meet Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu again.
Madhya 10.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
sarva-lokera utkantha yabe atyanta badila
mahaprabhu daksina haite tabahi aila
SYNONYMS
sarva-lokera -- of all people; utkantha -- anxieties; yabe -- when;
atyanta -- very much; badila -- increased; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; daksina haite -- from South India; tabahi -- at that very
time; aila -- returned.
TRANSLATION
While all the residents of Jagannatha Puri were thus anxious,
the Lord returned from South India.
Madhya 10.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
suni' anandita haila sabakara mana
sabe asi' sarvabhaume kaila nivedana
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; anandita -- happy; haila -- were; sabakara -- of
everyone; mana -- the minds; sabe asi' -- everyone coming; sarvabhaume --
unto Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; kaila -- did; nivedana -- submission.
TRANSLATION
Hearing of the Lord's return, everyone became very happy, and they all
went to Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya and spoke to him as follows.
Madhya 10.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
prabhura sahita ama-sabara karaha milana
tomara prasade pai prabhura carana
SYNONYMS
prabhura sahita -- with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ama-sabara -- of all of
us; karaha -- arrange; milana -- meeting; tomara -- your; prasade -- by
mercy; pai -- we get; prabhura carana -- the lotus feet of the Lord.
TRANSLATION
"Please arrange our meeting with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. It is only by
your mercy that we can attain the shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord."
Madhya 10.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe, -- kali kasi-misrera ghare
prabhu yaibena, tahan milaba sabare
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Bhattacarya replied; kali -- tomorrow; kasi-
misrera ghare -- in the house of Kasi Misra; prabhu -- the Lord; yaibena
-- will go; tahan -- there; milaba sabare -- I shall arrange for a
meeting with all of you.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya replied to the people, "Tomorrow the Lord will be at the
house of Kasi Misra. I shall arrange for you all to meet Him."
Madhya 10.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
ara dina mahaprabhu bhattacaryera sange
jagannatha darasana kaila maha-range
SYNONYMS
ara dina -- the next day; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bhattacaryera sange -- with Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; jagannatha -- of
Lord Jagannatha; darasana -- visiting the temple; kaila -- did; maha-
range -- with great enthusiasm.
TRANSLATION
The next day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived and went with Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya, with great enthusiasm, to see the temple of Lord Jagannatha.
Madhya 10.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
maha-prasada diya tahan milila sevaka-gana
mahaprabhu sabakare kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
maha-prasada -- remnants of the food of Lord Jagannatha; diya --
delivering; tahan -- there; milila -- met; sevaka-gana -- the servants
of Lord Jagannatha; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sabakare --
unto all of them; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
All the servants of Lord Jagannatha delivered remnants of the Lord's
food to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In return, Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced
them all.
Madhya 10.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
darsana kari' mahaprabhu calila bahire
bhattacarya anila tanre kasi-misra-ghare
SYNONYMS
darsana kari' -- seeing Lord Jagannatha; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; calila -- departed; bahire -- outside; bhattacarya --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; anila -- brought; tanre -- Him; kasi-misra-
ghare -- to the house of Kasi Misra.
TRANSLATION
After seeing Lord Jagannatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu left the temple.
Bhattacarya then took Him to the house of Kasi Misra.
Madhya 10.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
kasi-misra asi' padila prabhura carane
grha-sahita atma tanre kaila nivedane
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra -- Kasi Misra; asi' -- coming; padila -- fell down; prabhura -
- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carane -- at the lotus feet; grha-
sahita -- with his house; atma -- his personal self; tanre -- unto Him;
kaila -- did; nivedane -- submit.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at his house, Kasi Misra
immediately fell down at His lotus feet and surrendered himself and all
his possessions.
Madhya 10.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
prabhu catur-bhuja-murti tanre dekhaila
atmasat kari' tare alingana kaila
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; catuh-bhuja-murti -- four-armed form;
tanre -- unto him; dekhaila -- showed; atmasat kari' -- accepting; tare -
- him; alingana kaila -- embraced.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then showed Kasi Misra His four-armed form. Then,
accepting him for His service, the Lord embraced him.
Madhya 10.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tahan vasila asane
caudike vasila nityanandadi bhakta-gane
SYNONYMS
tabe -- at that time; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tahan --
there; vasila -- sat down; asane -- on His seat; cau-dike -- on four
sides; vasila -- sat down; nityananda-adi -- headed by Lord Nityananda;
bhakta-gane -- all the devotees.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next sat down at the place prepared for Him, and
all the devotees, headed by Lord Nityananda Prabhu, surrounded Him.
Madhya 10.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
sukhi haila dekhi' prabhu vasara samsthana
yei vasaya haya prabhura sarva-samadhana
SYNONYMS
sukhi haila -- became very happy; dekhi' -- by seeing; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vasara -- of the residential quarters; samsthana --
situation; yei vasaya -- at which place; haya -- there is; prabhura --
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sarva-samadhana -- fulfillment of all
necessities.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very happy to see His residential quarters,
in which all His necessities were taken care of.
Madhya 10.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
sarvabhauma kahe, -- prabhu, yogya tomara vasa
tumi angikara kara, -- kasi-misrera asa
SYNONYMS
sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; kahe -- said; prabhu -- my dear
Lord; yogya -- just befitting; tomara -- Your; vasa -- residential
quarters; tumi -- You; angikara kara -- accept; kasi-misrera asa -- the
hope of Kasi Misra.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said, "This place is just befitting You. Please
accept it. It is the hope of Kasi Misra that You do."
Madhya 10.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- ei deha toma-sabakara
yei tumi kaha, sei sammata amara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; ei deha -- this body; toma-
sabakara -- of all of you; yei -- whatever; tumi -- you; kaha --
say; sei -- that; sammata amara -- accepted by Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My body belongs to all of you. Therefore
I agree to whatever you say."
Madhya 10.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
tabe sarvabhauma prabhura daksina-parsve vasi'
milaite lagila saba purusottama-vasi
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma; prabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; daksina-parsve -- by the right side; vasi' --
sitting; milaite -- to introduce; lagila -- began; saba -- all;
purusottama-vasi -- residents of Purusottama (Jagannatha Puri).
TRANSLATION
After this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, sitting at the right hand of the
Lord, began to introduce all the inhabitants of Purusottama, Jagannatha
Puri.
Madhya 10.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
ei saba loka, prabhu, vaise nilacale
utkanthita hanache sabe toma milibare
SYNONYMS
ei saba loka -- all these people; prabhu -- my Lord; vaise -- reside;
nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; utkanthita hanache -- they have become
very anxious; sabe -- all; toma -- You; milibare -- to meet.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya said, "My dear Lord, all these people who are residents
of Nilacala, Jagannatha Puri, have been very anxious to meet You.
Madhya 10.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
trsita cataka yaiche kare hahakara
taiche ei saba, -- sabe kara angikara
SYNONYMS
trsita -- thirsty; cataka -- the cataka bird; yaiche -- just as; kare --
does; haha-kara -- vibration of disappointment; taiche -- similarly; ei
saba -- all of these; sabe -- all of them; kara angikara -- kindly
accept.
TRANSLATION
"In Your absence all these people have been exactly like thirsty cataka
birds crying in disappointment. Kindly accept them."
Madhya 10.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
jagannatha-sevaka ei, nama -- janardana
anavasare kare prabhura sri-anga-sevana
SYNONYMS
jagannatha-sevaka -- servitor of Lord Jagannatha; ei -- this; nama --
named; janardana -- Janardana; anavasare -- during the time of
renovation; kare -- does; prabhura -- of the Lord; sri-anga -- of the
transcendental body; sevana -- service.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya first introduced Janardana, saying, "Here is
Janardana, servant of Lord Jagannatha. He renders service to the Lord
when it is time to renovate His transcendental body."
PURPORT
During Anavasara, after the Snana-yatra ceremony, Lord Jagannatha is
absent from the temple for fifteen days so He can be renovated. This
occurs annually. Janardana, who is here being introduced to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, was rendering this service at the time. The renovation of
Lord Jagannatha is also known as Nava-yauvana, which indicates that the
Jagannatha Deity is being fully restored to youth.
Madhya 10.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
krsnadasa-nama ei suvarna-vetra-dhari
sikhi mahati-nama ei likhanadhikari
SYNONYMS
krsna-dasa -- Krsnadasa; nama -- named; ei -- this; suvarna --
golden; vetra-dhari -- carrier of the cane; sikhi mahati -- Sikhi Mahiti;
nama -- named; ei -- this; likhana-adhikari -- entrusted with writing.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued, "This is Krsnadasa, who carries a
golden cane, and here is Sikhi Mahiti, who is in charge of writing.
PURPORT
The person in charge of writing is also called deulakarana-
padaprapta karmacari. He is employed especially to write a
calendar called Matala-panji.
Madhya 10.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
pradyumna-misra inha vaisnava pradhana
jagannathera maha-soyara inha 'dasa' nama
SYNONYMS
pradyumna-misra -- Pradyumna Misra; inha -- this person; vaisnava
pradhana -- chief of all the Vaisnavas; jagannathera -- of Lord
Jagannatha; maha-soyara -- great servitor; inha -- this; dasa nama --
designated as dasa.
TRANSLATION
"This is Pradyumna Misra, who is chief of all Vaisnavas. He is a great
servitor of Jagannatha, and his name is dasa.
PURPORT
In Orissa most of the brahmanas have the title dasa. Generally it is
understood that the word dasa refers to those other than the brahmanas,
but in Orissa the brahmanas use the dasa title. This is confirmed by
Culli Bhatta. Actually, everyone is dasa because everyone is a servant
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In that sense, the bona fide
brahmana has first claim to the appellation dasa. Therefore in this case
the designation dasa is not incompatible.
Madhya 10.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
murari mahati inha -- sikhi-mahatira bhai
tomara carana vinu ara gati nai
SYNONYMS
murari mahati -- Murari Mahiti; inha -- this; sikhi-mahatira -- of Sikhi
Mahiti; bhai -- younger brother; tomara -- Your; carana -- lotus feet;
vinu -- without; ara -- any other; gati -- destination; nai -- he does
not have.
TRANSLATION
"This is Murari Mahiti, the brother of Sikhi Mahiti. He has nothing
other than Your lotus feet.
Madhya 10.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
candanesvara, simhesvara, murari brahmana
visnu-dasa, -- inha dhyaye tomara carana
SYNONYMS
candanesvara -- Candanesvara; simhesvara -- Simhesvara; murari brahmana -
- the brahmana named Murari; visnu-dasa -- Visnudasa; inha -- all of
them; dhyaye -- meditate; tomara -- Your; carana -- on the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"Here are Candanesvara, Simhesvara, Murari Brahmana and Visnudasa. They
are all constantly engaged in meditating on Your lotus feet.
Madhya 10.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
prahara-raja maha-patra inha maha-mati
paramananda maha-patra inhara samhati
SYNONYMS
prahara-raja -- Prahararaja; maha-patra -- Mahapatra; inha --
this; maha-mati -- very intelligent; paramananda maha-patra --
Paramananda Mahapatra; inhara -- of him; samhati -- combination.
TRANSLATION
"This is Paramananda Prahararaja, who is also known as Mahapatra. He is
very, very intelligent.
PURPORT
Prahararaja is a designation given to brahmanas who represent the king
when the throne is vacant. In Orissa, between the time of a king's death
and the enthronement of another king, a representative must sit on the
throne. This representative is called Prahararaja. The Prahararaja is
generally selected from a family of priests close to the king. During
the time of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Prahararaja was Paramananda
Prahararaja.
Madhya 10.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
e-saba vaisnava -- ei ksetrera bhusana
ekanta-bhave cinte sabe tomara carana
SYNONYMS
e-saba vaisnava -- all these pure devotees; ei ksetrera -- of this holy
place; bhusana -- ornaments; ekanta-bhave -- without deviation; cinte --
meditate; sabe -- all; tomara carana -- on Your lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"All these pure devotees serve as ornaments to Jagannatha Puri. They are
always undeviatingly meditating upon Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.48
TEXT 48
TEXT
tabe sabe bhume pade dandavat hana
saba alingila prabhu prasada kariya
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sabe -- all of them; bhume -- on the ground; pade --
fell down; danda-vat -- flat like rods; hana -- becoming; saba -- all of
them; alingila -- embraced; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prasada
kariya -- being very merciful.
TRANSLATION
After this introduction, everyone fell to the ground like rods. Being
very merciful upon them all, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced each and
every one of them.
Madhya 10.49
TEXT 49
TEXT
hena-kale aila tatha bhavananda raya
cari-putra-sange pade mahaprabhura paya
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; aila -- came; tatha -- there; bhavananda raya
-- Bhavananda Raya; cari-putra-sange -- with his four sons; pade -
- fell down; mahaprabhura paya -- at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
At this time Bhavananda Raya appeared with his four sons, and all
of them fell down at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
Bhavananda Raya had five sons, one of whom was the exalted personality
known as Ramananda Raya. Bhavananda Raya first met Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu after His return from South India. At that time Ramananda
Raya was still serving at his government post; therefore when Bhavananda
Raya went to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he went with his other four
sons. They were named Vaninatha, Gopinatha, Kalanidhi and Sudhanidhi. A
description of Bhavananda Raya and his five sons is given in the Adi-
lila (10.133).
Madhya 10.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
sarvabhauma kahe, -- ei raya bhavananda
inhara prathama putra -- raya ramananda
SYNONYMS
sarvabhauma kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued to speak; ei --
this person; raya bhavananda -- Bhavananda Raya; inhara -- his; prathama
putra -- first son; raya ramananda -- Ramananda Raya.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued, "This is Bhavananda Raya, the father
of Sri Ramananda Raya, who is his first son."
Madhya 10.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kaila alingana
stuti kari' kahe ramananda-vivarana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereupon; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto
him; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing; stuti kari' -- praising very
highly; kahe -- said; ramananda -- of Ramananda Raya; vivarana --
description.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Bhavananda Raya and with great respect
spoke of his son Ramananda Raya.
Madhya 10.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
ramananda-hena ratna yanhara tanaya
tanhara mahima loke kahana na yaya
SYNONYMS
ramananda-hena -- like Ramananda Raya; ratna -- jewel; yanhara -- whose;
tanaya -- son; tanhara -- his; mahima -- glorification; loke -- within
this world; kahana -- to describe; na -- not; yaya -- is possible.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu honored Bhavananda Raya by saying, "The glories
of a person who has a jewel of a son like Ramananda Raya cannot be
described within this mortal world.
Madhya 10.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
saksat pandu tumi, tomara patni kunti
panca-pandava tomara panca-putra maha-mati
SYNONYMS
saksat pandu -- directly Maharaja Pandu; tumi -- you; tomara -- your;
patni -- wife; kunti -- like Kuntidevi; panca-pandava -- five Pandavas;
tomara -- your; panca-putra -- five sons; maha-mati -- all highly
intellectual.
TRANSLATION
"You are Maharaja Pandu himself, and your wife is Kuntidevi herself. All
your highly intellectual sons are representatives of the five Pandavas."
Madhya 10.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
raya kahe, -- ami sudra, visayi, adhama
tabu tumi sparsa, -- ei isvara-laksana
SYNONYMS
raya kahe -- Bhavananda Raya replied; ami sudra -- I belong to the
fourth class of the social divisions; visayi -- engaged in mundane
affairs; adhama -- very fallen; tabu -- still; tumi -- You; sparsa --
touch; ei -- this; isvara-laksana -- sign of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
After hearing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's praise, Bhavananda Raya
submitted, "I am in the fourth class of the social order, and I engage
in mundane affairs. Although I am very fallen, You have still touched us.
This is proof that You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead."
PURPORT
As stated in Bhagavad-gita (5.18):
vidya-vinaya-sampanne
brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva svapake ca
panditah sama-darsinah
"The humble sage, by virtue of true knowledge, sees with equal vision a
learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater [
outcaste]."
Those who are highly advanced in spiritual understanding do not care
about a person's material condition. A spiritually advanced person sees
the spiritual identity of every living being, and consequently he makes
no distinction between a learned brahmana, a dog, a candala or anyone
else. He is not influenced by the material body but sees a person's
spiritual identity. Consequently Bhavananda Raya appreciated Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's statement, which showed that the Lord did not
consider the social position of Bhavananda Raya, who belonged to the
sudra caste engaged in mundane activities. Rather, the Lord considered
the spiritual position of Bhavananda Raya, Ramananda
Raya and his brothers. The servant of the Lord is also similarly
inclined. He gives shelter to any person -- any living entity --
regardless of whether one belongs to a brahmana family or is a candala
. The spiritual master reclaims all people and encourages everyone
in spiritual life. By taking shelter of such a devotee, one can make his
life successful. As confirmed in Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.4.18):
kirata-hunandhra-pulinda-pulkasa
abhira-sumbha yavanah khasadayah
ye 'nye ca papa yad-apasrayasrayah
sudhyanti tasmai prabhavisnave namah
"Kirata, Huna, Andhra, Pulinda, Pulkasa, Abhira, Sumbha, Yavana
and the Khasa races, and even others who are addicted to
sinful acts, can be purified by taking shelter of the devotees of the
Lord due to His being the supreme power. I beg to offer my respectful
obeisances unto Him."
Whoever takes shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead or His pure
devotee is elevated to the spiritual order and purified from material
contamination. This is also confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (9.
32):
mam hi partha vyapasritya
ye 'pi syuh papa-yonayah
striyo vaisyas tatha sudras
te 'pi yanti param gatim
"O son of Prtha, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower
birth -- women, vaisyas [merchants], as well as sudras [workers] -- can
approach the supreme destination."
Madhya 10.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
nija-grha-vitta-bhrtya-panca-putra-sane
atma samarpilun ami tomara carane
SYNONYMS
nija -- own; grha -- house; vitta -- wealth; bhrtya -- servants; panca-
putra -- five sons; sane -- with; atma -- self; samarpilun -- surrender;
ami -- I; tomara -- Your; carane -- at the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
Appreciating Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's favor, Bhavananda Raya also said,
"Along with my home, riches, servants and five sons, I surrender myself
at Your lotus feet.
PURPORT
This is the process of surrender. As Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura sings:
manasa, deha, geha, yo kichu mora
arpilun tuya pade nanda-kisora!
(Saranagati)
When one surrenders unto the lotus feet of the Lord, he does so with
everything in his possession -- his house, his body, his mind and
whatever else he possesses. If there is any obstruction to this
surrendering process, one should immediately give it up without
attachment. If one can surrender with all his family members, there is
no need to take sannyasa. However, if the surrendering process is
hampered by so-called family members, one should immediately give them
up to complete the surrendering process.
Madhya 10.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
ei vaninatha rahibe tomara carane
yabe yei ajna, taha karibe sevane
SYNONYMS
ei vaninatha -- this Vaninatha; rahibe -- will remain; tomara carane --
at Your lotus feet; yabe -- when; yei -- whatever; ajna -- order; taha --
that; karibe -- will execute; sevane -- service.
TRANSLATION
"This son Vaninatha will remain at Your lotus feet to always immediately
attend to Your orders and serve You.
Madhya 10.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
atmiya-jnane more sankoca na karibe
yei yabe iccha, tabe sei ajna dibe
SYNONYMS
atmiya-jnane -- by considering as a relative; more -- me; sankoca --
hesitation; na -- do not; karibe -- do; yei -- whatever; yabe --
whenever; iccha -- Your desire; tabe -- then; sei -- that; ajna -- order;
dibe -- kindly give.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, please consider me Your relative. Do not hesitate to
order whatever You desire at any time You desire it."
Madhya 10.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- ki sankoca, tumi naha para
janme janme tumi amara savamse kinkara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; ki sankoca -- what hesitation; tumi --
you; naha -- are not; para -- outsider; janme janme -- birth after birth;
tumi -- you; amara -- My; sa-vamse -- with family members; kinkara --
servant.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Bhavananda Raya's offer, saying, "I
accept without hesitation because you are not an outsider. Birth after
birth you have been my servant along with your family members.
Madhya 10.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
dina-panca-sata bhitare asibe ramananda
tanra sange purna habe amara ananda
SYNONYMS
dina-panca-sata -- five or seven days; bhitare -- within; asibe -- will
come; ramananda -- Ramananda; tanra sange -- with him; purna habe --
will be full; amara -- my; ananda -- pleasure.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Ramananda Raya is coming within five to seven days. As soon as he
arrives, my desires will be fulfilled. I take great pleasure in his
company."
Madhya 10.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
eta bali' prabhu tanre kaila alingana
tanra putra saba sire dharila carana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre --
unto him; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing; tanra putra -- his sons;
saba -- all; sire -- on the head; dharila -- kept; carana -- His feet.
TRANSLATION
Saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Bhavananda Raya. The Lord
then touched the heads of his sons with His lotus feet.
Madhya 10.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre ghare pathaila
vaninatha-pattanayake nikate rakhila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- him (
Bhavananda Raya); ghare -- to his home; pathaila -- sent back; vaninatha-
pattanayake -- Vaninatha Pattanayaka; nikate -- near; rakhila -- kept.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then sent Bhavananda Raya back to his home, and
He kept only Vaninatha Pattanayaka in His personal service.
Madhya 10.62
TEXT 62
TEXT
bhattacarya saba loke vidaya karaila
tabe prabhu kala-krsnadase bolaila
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; saba loke -- all persons; vidaya
karaila -- asked to leave; tabe -- at that time; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kala-krsnadase -- Kala Krsnadasa; bolaila -- called for.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya then asked all the people to leave. Afterward,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu called for Kala Krsnadasa, who accompanied
the Lord during His South Indian tour.
Madhya 10.63
TEXT 63
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- bhattacarya, sunaha inhara carita
daksina giyachila inha amara sahita
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; bhattacarya -- My dear
Bhattacarya; sunaha -- just hear; inhara carita -- his character;
daksina giyachila -- went to South India; inha -- this man; amara sahita
-- with Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My dear Bhattacarya, just consider
this man's character. He went with Me to South India.
Madhya 10.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
bhattathari-kache gela amare chadiya
bhattathari haite inhare anilun uddhariya
SYNONYMS
bhattathari-kache -- in the associaton of the Bhattatharis; gela -- he
went; amare chadiya -- giving up My company; bhattathari haite -- from
the Bhattatharis; inhare -- him; anilun -- I brought; uddhariya -- after
rescuing.
TRANSLATION
"He left My company to associate with the Bhattatharis, but I rescued
him from their company and brought him here.
Madhya 10.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
ebe ami ihan ani' karilana vidaya
yahan iccha, yaha, ama-sane nahi ara daya
SYNONYMS
ebe -- now; ami -- I; ihan -- here; ani' -- bringing; karilana vidaya --
have asked to go away; yahan iccha -- wherever he likes; yaha -- go; ama-
sane -- with Me; nahi ara -- there is no more; daya -- responsibility.
TRANSLATION
"Now that I have brought him here, I am asking him to leave. Now he can
go wherever he likes, for I am no longer responsible for him."
PURPORT
Kala Krsnadasa was influenced and allured by nomads or gypsies, who
enticed him with women. Maya is so strong that Kala Krsnadasa left Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's company to join gypsy women. Even though a person
may associate with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he can be allured by maya
and leave the Lord's company due to his slight independence. Only one
who is overwhelmed by maya can be so unfortunate as to leave Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's company, yet unless one is very conscientious, the
influence of maya can drag one away, even though he be the personal
assistant of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. And what to speak of others? The
Bhattatharis used to increase their numbers by using women to allure
outsiders. This is factual evidence showing that it is possible at any
time to fall down from the Lord's association. One need only misuse his
little independence. Once fallen and separated from the Supreme
Personality of Godhead's association, one becomes a candidate for
suffering in the material world. Although rejected by Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, Kala Krsnadasa was given another chance, as the following
verses relate.
Madhya 10.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
eta suni' krsnadasa kandite lagila
madhyahna karite mahaprabhu cali' gela
SYNONYMS
eta suni' -- hearing this; krsnadasa -- Kala Krsnadasa; kandite lagila --
began to cry; madhyahna -- noon lunch; karite -- to execute; mahaprabhu
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cali' gela -- left.
TRANSLATION
Hearing the Lord reject him, Kala Krsnadasa began to cry. However, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, not caring for him, immediately left to take His
noon lunch.
Madhya 10.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
nityananda, jagadananda, mukunda, damodara
cari-jane yukti tabe karila antara
SYNONYMS
nityananda -- Lord Nityananda Prabhu; jagadananda -- Jagadananda;
mukunda -- Mukunda; damodara -- Damodara; cari-jane -- four persons;
yukti -- plan; tabe -- thereupon; karila -- did; antara -- within the
mind.
TRANSLATION
After this, the other devotees-headed by Nityananda Prabhu,
Jagadananda, Mukunda and Damodara -- began to consider a certain plan.
PURPORT
Even though a person is rejected by the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
the devotees of the Lord do not reject him; therefore the Lord's
devotees are more merciful than the Lord Himself. Srila Narottama dasa
Thakura thus sings, chadiya vaisnava-seva nistara payeche keba: one
cannot be relieved from material clutches without engaging in the
service of pure devotees. The Lord Himself may sometimes be very hard,
but the devotees are always kind. Thus Kala Krsnadasa received the mercy
of the four devotees mentioned above.
Madhya 10.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
gauda-dese pathaite cahi eka-jana
'ai'ke kahibe yai, prabhura agamana
SYNONYMS
gauda-dese -- to Bengal; pathaite -- to send; cahi -- we want; eka-jana -
- one person; aike -- mother Sacidevi; kahibe -- will inform; yai --
going; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; agamana -- arrival.
TRANSLATION
The Lord's four devotees considered, "We want a person to go to Bengal
just to inform Sacimata about Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's arrival at
Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
advaita-srivasadi yata bhakta-gana
sabei asibe suni' prabhura agamana
SYNONYMS
advaita -- Advaita Prabhu; srivasa-adi -- and all the devotees like
Srivasa; yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees; sabei -- all; asibe --
will come; suni' -- hearing; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
agamana -- arrival.
TRANSLATION
"After hearing news of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's arrival, devotees like
Advaita and Srivasa will certainly come to see Him.
Madhya 10.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
ei krsnadase diba gaude pathana
eta kahi' tare rakhilena asvasiya
SYNONYMS
ei -- this; krsnadase -- Kala Krsnadasa; diba -- away; gaude -- to
Bengal; pathana -- let us send; eta kahi' -- saying this; tare -- him;
rakhilena -- they kept; asvasiya -- giving assurance.
TRANSLATION
"Let us therefore send Krsnadasa to Bengal." Saying this, they kept
Krsnadasa engaged in the service of the Lord and gave him assurance.
PURPORT
Because Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu rejected him, Kala Krsnadasa became very,
very sorry and began to cry. Therefore the Lord's devotees took
compassion upon him, gave him assurance and encouraged him to continue
to engage in the Lord's service.
Madhya 10.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
ara dine prabhu-sthane kaila nivedana
ajna deha' gauda-dese pathai eka-jana
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- next day; prabhu-sthane -- before Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; nivedana -- submission; ajna deha' -- please
give permission; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; pathai -- we may send; eka-
jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
The next day, all the devotees asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "Please
give permission for a person to go to Bengal.
Madhya 10.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
tomara daksina-gamana suni' saci 'ai'
advaitadi bhakta saba ache duhkha pai'
SYNONYMS
tomara -- Your; daksina-gamana -- South Indian tour; suni' -- hearing;
saci ai -- mother Saci; advaita-adi -- Sri Advaita Prabhu and others;
bhakta -- devotees; saba -- all; ache -- remain; duhkha pai' -- in great
unhappiness.
TRANSLATION
"Mother Saci and all the devotees headed by Advaita Prabhu are all very
unhappy due to not receiving news about Your return from Your South
Indian tour.
Madhya 10.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
eka-jana yai' kahuk subha samacara
prabhu kahe, -- sei kara, ye iccha tomara
SYNONYMS
eka-jana -- one person; yai' -- going; kahuk -- may inform; subha
samacara -- this auspicious news; prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; sei
kara -- do that; ye -- whatever; iccha -- desire; tomara -- your.
TRANSLATION
"One person should go to Bengal and inform them about the auspicious
news of Your return to Jagannatha Puri."
Upon hearing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Do whatever you
decide."
Madhya 10.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
tabe sei krsnadase gaude pathaila
vaisnava-sabake dite maha-prasada dila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sei -- that; krsnadase -- Krsnadasa; gaude -- to
Bengal; pathaila -- sent; vaisnava-sabake -- to all the Vaisnavas; dite -
- to deliver; maha-prasada -- the remnants of Jagannatha's food; dila --
they gave.
TRANSLATION
In this way Kala Krsnadasa was sent to Bengal, and he was given
sufficient quantities of Lord Jagannatha's food remnants to distribute
there.
Madhya 10.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
tabe gauda-dese aila kala-krsnadasa
navadvipe gela tenha saci-ai-pasa
SYNONYMS
tabe -- then; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; aila -- came; kala-krsnadasa --
Kala Krsnadasa; navadvipe -- to Navadvipa; gela -- went; tenha -- he;
saci-ai-pasa -- before mother Saci.
TRANSLATION
Thus Kala Krsnadasa went to Bengal, and he first went to Navadvipa to
see mother Saci.
Madhya 10.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
maha-prasada diya tanre kaila namaskara
daksina haite aila prabhu, -- kahe samacara
SYNONYMS
maha-prasada diya -- delivering the maha-prasada; tanre -- unto
Sacimata; kaila namaskara -- he offered respects by bowing down; daksina
haite -- from the South India tour; aila -- came back; prabhu -- Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahe samacara -- he delivered this news.
TRANSLATION
Upon reaching mother Saci, Kala Krsnadasa first offered his obeisances
and delivered the food remnants [maha-prasada]. He then informed her of
the good news that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had returned from His South
Indian tour.
Madhya 10.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
suniya anandita haila sacimatara mana
srivasadi ara yata yata bhakta-gana
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; anandita -- very happy; haila -- became; saci-matara -
- of mother Saci; mana -- mind; srivasa-adi -- headed by Srivasa; ara --
and others; yata yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees.
TRANSLATION
This good news gave much pleasure to mother Saci, as well as to all the
devotees of Navadvipa, headed by Srivasa Thakura.
Madhya 10.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
suniya sabara haila parama ullasa
advaita-acarya-grhe gela krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; sabara -- of all; haila -- there was; parama --
supreme; ullasa -- happiness; advaita-acarya -- of Advaita Acarya Prabhu;
grhe -- to the home; gela -- went; krsnadasa -- Krsnadasa.
TRANSLATION
Hearing of Lord Caitanya's return to Puri, everyone became very glad.
Krsnadasa next went to the house of Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
acaryere prasada diya kari' namaskara
samyak kahila mahaprabhura samacara
SYNONYMS
acaryere -- unto Sri Advaita Acarya; prasada -- the remnants of
Jagannatha's food; diya -- delivering; kari' -- making; namaskara --
obeisances; samyak -- completely; kahila -- informed; mahaprabhura -- of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samacara -- news.
TRANSLATION
After paying Him respectful obeisances, Krsnadasa offered maha-prasada
to Advaita Acarya. He then informed Him of the news of Lord Caitanya in
complete detail.
Madhya 10.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
suni' acarya-gosanira ananda ha-ila
premavese hunkara bahu nrtya-gita kaila
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; acarya -- Advaita Acarya; gosanira -- of the spiritual
master; ananda ha-ila -- there was much jubilation; prema-avese -- in
great ecstasy; hunkara -- rumbling sound; bahu -- various; nrtya-gita --
chanting and dancing; kaila -- performed.
TRANSLATION
When Advaita Acarya Gosvami heard of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return,
He became very pleased. In His great ecstasy of love, He made a rumbling
sound and danced and chanted for a long time.
Madhya 10.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
haridasa thakurera haila parama ananda
vasudeva datta, gupta murari, sena sivananda
SYNONYMS
haridasa thakurera -- of Haridasa Thakura; haila -- was; parama --
topmost; ananda -- ecstasy; vasudeva datta -- Vasudeva Datta; gupta
murari -- Murari Gupta; sena sivananda -- Sivananda Sena.
TRANSLATION
Also hearing this auspicious news, Haridasa Thakura became very pleased.
So also did Vasudeva Datta, Murari Gupta and Sivananda Sena.
Madhya 10.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
acaryaratna, ara pandita vakresvara
acaryanidhi, ara pandita gadadhara
SYNONYMS
acaryaratna -- Acaryaratna; ara -- and; pandita vakresvara -- Vakresvara
Pandita; acaryanidhi -- Acaryanidhi; ara -- also; pandita gadadhara --
Gadadhara Pandita.
TRANSLATION
Acaryaratna, Vakresvara Pandita, Acaryanidhi and Gadadhara Pandita were
all very pleased to hear this news.
Madhya 10.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
srirama pandita ara pandita damodara
sriman pandita, ara vijaya, sridhara
SYNONYMS
sri-rama pandita -- Srirama Pandita; ara -- and; pandita damodara --
Damodara Pandita; sriman pandita -- Sriman Pandita; ara -- and; vijaya --
Vijaya; sridhara -- Sridhara.
TRANSLATION
Srirama Pandita, Damodara Pandita, Sriman Pandita, Vijaya and Sridhara
were also very pleased to hear it.
Madhya 10.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
raghava-pandita, ara acarya nandana
kateka kahiba ara yata prabhura gana
SYNONYMS
raghava-pandita -- Raghava Pandita; ara -- and; acarya nandana --
the son of Advaita Acarya; kateka -- how many; kahiba -- shall I
describe; ara -- other; yata -- all; prabhura gana -- associates of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita, the son of Advaita Acarya and all the devotees
became very satisfied.
Madhya 10.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
suniya sabara haila parama ullasa
sabe meli' gela sri-advaitera pasa
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; sabara -- of everyone; haila -- there was; parama
ullasa -- great ecstasy; sabe meli' -- all together; gela -- went; sri-
advaitera pasa -- to the house of Sri Advaita Acarya.
TRANSLATION
Everyone was very much pleased, and together they arrived
at the house of Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
acaryera sabe kaila carana vandana
acarya-gosani sabare kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
acaryera -- of Advaita Acarya; sabe -- all; kaila -- did; carana vandana
-- offering obeisances at the lotus feet; acarya-gosani -- Advaita
Acarya; sabare -- to all; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees offered respectful obeisances at the lotus feet of
Advaita Acarya, and in return Advaita Acarya embraced them all.
Madhya 10.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
dina dui-tina acarya mahotsava kaila
nilacala yaite acarya yukti drdha kaila
SYNONYMS
dina dui-tina -- for two or three days; acarya -- Advaita Acarya;
mahotsava -- festival; kaila -- performed; nilacala -- to Jagannatha
Puri; yaite -- to go; acarya -- Advaita Acarya; yukti -- consideration;
drdha -- firm; kaila -- made.
TRANSLATION
Advaita Acarya then held a festival that lasted two or three days.
Thereafter, they all made a firm decision to go to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
sabe meli' navadvipe ekatra hana
niladri calila sacimatara ajna lana
SYNONYMS
sabe -- all; meli' -- meeting; navadvipe -- at Navadvipa; ekatra hana --
being together; niladri -- to Jagannatha Puri; calila -- departed; saci-
matara -- of mother Saci; ajna -- permission; lana -- taking.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees met together at Navadvipa and, with mother Saci's
permission, departed for Niladri, Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
prabhura samacara suni' kulina-grama-vasi
satyaraja-ramananda milila sabe asi'
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samacara -- news; suni' --
hearing; kulina-grama-vasi -- the inhabitants of Kulina-grama; satyaraja
-- Satyaraja; ramananda -- Ramananda; milila -- met; sabe -- all; asi' --
coming.
TRANSLATION
The inhabitants of Kulina-grama -- Satyaraja, Ramananda and all the
other devotees there -- came and joined Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
mukunda, narahari, raghunandana khanda haite
acaryera thani aila nilacala yaite
SYNONYMS
mukunda -- Mukunda; narahari -- Narahari; raghunandana -- Raghunandana;
khanda haite -- from the place known as Khanda; acaryera thani -- to
Advaita Acarya; aila -- came; nilacala yaite -- to go to Nilacala (
Jagannatha Puri).
TRANSLATION
Mukunda, Narahari, Raghunandana and all the others came from Khanda to
Advaita Acarya's home to accompany Him to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
se-kale daksina haite paramananda-puri
ganga-tire-tire aila nadiya nagari
SYNONYMS
se-kale -- at that time; daksina haite -- from the South; paramananda-
puri -- Paramananda Puri; ganga-tire-tire -- along the bank of the
Ganges; aila -- came; nadiya nagari -- to the town of Nadia.
TRANSLATION
At that time Paramananda Puri also came from South India. Traveling
along the banks of the Ganges, he ultimately reached the town of Nadia.
Madhya 10.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
aira mandire sukhe karila visrama
ai tanre bhiksa dila kariya sammana
SYNONYMS
aira mandire -- at the house of Sacimata; sukhe -- in happiness; karila -
- took; visrama -- lodging; ai -- mother Saci; tanre -- unto him; bhiksa
dila -- gave boarding; kariya sammana -- with great respect.
TRANSLATION
At Navadvipa, Paramananda Puri took his board and lodging at the house
of Sacimata. She provided him with everything very respectfully.
Madhya 10.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
prabhura agamana tenha tahanni sunila
sighra nilacala yaite tanra iccha haila
SYNONYMS
prabhura agamana -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return; tenha -- he;
tahanni -- there; sunila -- heard; sighra -- very soon; nilacala -- to
Jagannatha Puri; yaite -- to go; tanra -- his; iccha -- desire; haila --
became.
TRANSLATION
While residing at the house of Sacimata, Paramananda Puri heard the news
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return to Jagannatha Puri. He therefore
decided to go there as soon as possible.
Madhya 10.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
prabhura eka bhakta -- 'dvija kamalakanta' nama
tanre lana nilacale karila prayana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; eka bhakta -- one devotee; dvija
kamalakanta -- Dvija Kamalakanta; nama -- named; tanre -- him; lana --
accepting as his companion; nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; karila --
did; prayana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
There was a devotee of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu named Dvija Kamalakanta,
whom Paramananda Puri took with him to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
satvare asiya tenha milila prabhure
prabhura ananda haila pana tanhare
SYNONYMS
satvare -- very soon; asiya -- coming; tenha -- he; milila -- met;
prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; ananda -- happiness; haila -- was; pana -- getting; tanhare -
- him.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri very soon arrived at Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's place.
The Lord was very happy to see him.
Madhya 10.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
premavese kaila tanra carana vandana
tenha premavese kaila prabhure alingana
SYNONYMS
prema-avese -- in great ecstasy; kaila -- did; tanra -- his; carana
vandana -- worshiping the feet; tenha -- Paramananda Puri; prema-avese --
in great ecstasy; kaila -- did; prabhure -- unto Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
In a great ecstasy of love, the Lord worshiped the lotus feet of
Paramananda Puri, and in turn Paramananda Puri embraced the Lord in
great ecstasy.
Madhya 10.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- toma-sange rahite vancha haya
more krpa kari' kara niladri asraya
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; toma-sange -- with you;
rahite -- to stay; vancha haya -- I desire; more -- unto Me; krpa kari' -
- doing a favor; kara -- accept; niladri -- at Jagannatha Puri; asraya --
shelter.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Please stay with Me and thus show Me
favor, accepting the shelter of Jagannatha Puri."
Madhya 10.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
puri kahe, -- toma-sange rahite vancha kari'
gauda haite cali' ailana nilacala-puri
SYNONYMS
puri kahe -- Paramananda Puri replied; toma-sange -- with You; rahite --
to stay; vancha kari' -- desiring; gauda haite -- from Bengal; cali' --
traveling; ailana -- I have come; nilacala-puri -- to Jagannatha Puri.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri replied, "I also wish to stay with You. Therefore I
have come from Bengal, Gauda, to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
daksina haite suni' tomara agamana
saci anandita, ara yata bhakta-gana
SYNONYMS
daksina haite -- from South India; suni' -- hearing; tomara agamana --
Your return; saci -- mother Saci; anandita -- very happy; ara -- and;
yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees.
TRANSLATION
"At Navadvipa, mother Saci and all the other devotees were very glad to
hear about Your return from South India.
Madhya 10.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
sabe asitechena tomare dekhite
tan-sabara vilamba dekhi' ailana tvarite
SYNONYMS
sabe -- all; asitechena -- are coming; tomare -- You; dekhite -- to see;
tan-sabara -- of all of them; vilamba -- delay; dekhi' -- seeing; ailana
-- I have come; tvarite -- very quickly.
TRANSLATION
"They are all coming here to see You, but seeing that they were delayed,
I came alone very quickly."
Madhya 10.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
kasi-misrera avase nibhrte eka ghara
prabhu tanre dila, ara sevara kinkara
SYNONYMS
kasi-misrera -- of Kasi Misra; avase -- at the house; nibhrte --
solitary; eka -- one; ghara -- room; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
tanre -- unto Paramananda Puri; dila -- gave; ara -- and; sevara -- to
serve him; kinkara -- one servant.
TRANSLATION
There was a solitary room at Kasi Misra's house, and Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu gave it to Paramananda Puri. He also gave him one servant.
Madhya 10.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
ara dine aila svarupa damodara
prabhura atyanta marmi, rasera sagara
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- next day; aila -- came; svarupa damodara -- Svarupa Damodara;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; atyanta -- very; marmi --
intimate friend; rasera -- of transcendental mellows; sagara -- ocean.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara also arrived the next day. He was a very intimate
friend of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and he was an ocean of
transcendental mellows.
PURPORT
Svarupa is the name of a brahmacari in Sankaracarya's
disciplic succession. In the Vedic discipline there are ten names for
sannyasis, and it is customary for a brahmacari assisting a sannyasi of
the designation Tirtha or Asrama to receive the title Svarupa. Damodara
Svarupa was formerly a resident of Navadvipa, and his name was
Purusottama Acarya. When he went to Varanasi, he took sannyasa from a
sannyasi designated Tirtha. Although he received the title Svarupa in
his brahmacari stage, he did not change his name when he took sannyasa.
Actually as a sannyasi he should have been called Tirtha, but he chose
to retain his original brahmacari title as Svarupa.
Madhya 10.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
'purusottama acarya' tanra nama purvasrame
navadvipe chila tenha prabhura carane
SYNONYMS
purusottama acarya -- Purusottama Acarya; tanra -- his; nama -- name;
purva-asrame -- in the previous asrama; navadvipe -- at Navadvipa; chila
-- was; tenha -- he; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carane --
at the feet.
TRANSLATION
When Svarupa Damodara was residing at Navadvipa under the shelter of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, his name was Purusottama Acarya.
Madhya 10.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
prabhura sannyasa dekhi' unmatta hana
sannyasa grahana kaila varanasi giya
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sannyasa dekhi' -- when he
saw the sannyasa order; unmatta hana -- he became just like a madman;
sannyasa grahana kaila -- he also accepted the renounced order of life;
varanasi -- to Varanasi; giya -- going.
TRANSLATION
After seeing that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the renounced order,
Purusottama Acarya became like a madman and immediately went to Varanasi
to take sannyasa.
Madhya 10.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
'caitanyananda' guru tanra ajna dilena tanre
vedanta padiya padao samasta lokere
SYNONYMS
caitanya-ananda -- of the name Caitanyananda Bharati; guru -- spiritual
master; tanra -- his; ajna -- order; dilena -- gave; tanre -- to him;
vedanta padiya -- reading the Vedanta-sutra; padao -- teach; samasta --
all; lokere -- people.
TRANSLATION
At the conclusion of his sannyasa, his spiritual master, Caitanyananda
Bharati, ordered him, "Read Vedanta-sutra and teach it to all others.
"
Madhya 10.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
parama virakta tenha parama pandita
kaya-mane asriyache sri-krsna-carita
SYNONYMS
parama -- very; virakta -- renounced; tenha -- he; parama -- great;
pandita -- learned scholar; kaya-mane -- with body and mind; asriyache --
took shelter of; sri-krsna-carita -- the Personality of Godhead Sri
Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was a great renunciate as well as a great learned
scholar. With heart and soul he took shelter of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, Sri Krsna.
Madhya 10.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
'niscinte krsna bhajiba' ei ta' karane
unmade karila tenha sannyasa grahane
SYNONYMS
niscinte -- without disturbance; krsna -- Lord Krsna; bhajiba -- I shall
worship; ei -- for this; ta' -- certainly; karane -- reason; unmade --
ecstatic; karila -- did; tenha -- he; sannyasa -- the renounced order of
life; grahane -- taking.
TRANSLATION
He was very enthusiastic to worship Sri Krsna without disturbance;
therefore it was almost in madness that he accepted the sannyasa
order.
Madhya 10.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
sannyasa karila sikha-sutra-tyaga-rupa
yoga-patta na nila, nama haila 'svarupa'
SYNONYMS
sannyasa karila -- accepted the sannyasa order; sikha -- tuft of hair;
sutra -- sacred thread; tyaga -- giving up; rupa -- in the form of; yoga-
patta -- saffron colored dress; na nila -- did not accept; nama -- name;
haila -- was; svarupa -- Svarupa.
TRANSLATION
Upon accepting sannyasa, Purusottama Acarya followed the regulative
principles by giving up his tuft of hair and sacred thread, but he did
not accept the saffron colored dress. Also, he did not accept a sannyasi
title but remained as a naisthika-brahmacari.
PURPORT
There are regulative principles governing the renounced order. One has
to perform eight kinds of sraddha. One must offer oblations to one's
forefathers and perform the sacrifice of viraja-homa. Then one must cut
off the tuft of hair called a sikha and also give up the sacred thread.
These are preliminary processes in the acceptance of sannyasa, and
Svarupa Damodara accepted all these. However, Purusottama Acarya did not
accept the saffron color, a sannyasi name or a danda. He
retained his brahmacari name. Actually Purusottama Acarya did
not accept the sannyasa order formally, but he renounced worldly life.
He did not want to be disturbed by the formality of the sannyasa order.
He simply wanted to worship Lord Sri Krsna without disturbance;
therefore with heart and soul he took up the renounced order but not the
formalities accompanying it. Renunciation means not doing anything but
serving the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna. When one acts on
this platform, trying to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one
is both a sannyasi and a yogi. This is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (6.
1):
sri bhagavan uvaca
anasritah karma-phalam
karyam karma karoti yah
sa sannyasi ca yogi ca
na niragnir na cakriyah
"The Blessed Lord said: One who is unattached to the
fruits of his work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced
order of life, and he is the true mystic, not he who lights no fire and
performs no work."
Madhya 10.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
guru-thani ajna magi' aila nilacale
ratri-dine krsna-prema-ananda-vihvale
SYNONYMS
guru-thani -- from his spiritual master; ajna magi' -- asking permission;
aila -- came; nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; ratri-dine -- day and
night; krsna-prema-ananda -- by ecstatic love of Krsna; vihvale --
overwhelmed.
TRANSLATION
After taking permission from his sannyasa-guru, Svarupa Damodara went to
Nilacala and accepted the shelter of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Then all
day and night, in ecstatic love of Krsna, he enjoyed transcendental
mellows in the loving service of the Lord.
Madhya 10.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
pandityera avadhi, vakya nahi karo sane
nirjane rahaye, loka saba nahi jane
SYNONYMS
pandityera avadhi -- the limit of learned scholarship; vakya nahi -- no
word; karo sane -- with anyone; nirjane -- in a solitary place; rahaye --
stays; loka -- people in general; saba -- all; nahi jane -- do not know.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was the limit of all learned scholarship, but he did
not exchange words with anyone. He simply remained in a solitary place,
and no one could understand where he was.
Madhya 10.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
krsna-rasa-tattva-vetta, deha -- prema-rupa
saksat mahaprabhura dvitiya svarupa
SYNONYMS
krsna-rasa -- of transcendental mellows in relationship with Krsna;
tattva -- of the truth; vetta -- cognizant; deha -- body; prema-rupa --
personified prema; saksat -- directly; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; dvitiya -- second; svarupa -- representation.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara was the personification of ecstatic love, fully
cognizant of the transcendental mellows in relationship with Krsna. He
directly represented Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as His second expansion.
Madhya 10.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
grantha, sloka, gita keha prabhu-pase ane
svarupa pariksa kaile, pache prabhu sune
SYNONYMS
grantha -- scriptures; sloka -- verses; gita -- songs; keha -- anyone;
prabhu-pase -- to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ane -- brings; svarupa --
Svarupa Damodara; pariksa kaile -- after he examined; pache -- later;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sune -- hears.
TRANSLATION
If someone wrote a book or composed verses and songs and wanted to
recite them before Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Svarupa Damodara would first
examine them and then correctly present them. Only then would Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu agree to listen.
Madhya 10.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha, ara rasabhasa
sunite na haya prabhura cittera ullasa
SYNONYMS
bhakti-siddhanta -- conclusive statements about the science of
devotional service; viruddha -- opposing; ara -- and; rasa-abhasa --
overlapping of transcendental mellows; sunite -- to hear; na -- not;
haya -- becomes; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cittera -- of
the heart; ullasa -- jubilation.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was never pleased to hear books or verses
opposed to the conclusive statements of devotional service. The Lord did
not like hearing rasabhasa, the overlapping of transcendental mellows.
PURPORT
Bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha refers to that which is against the principle
of unity in diversity, philosophically known as acintya-bhedabheda --
simultaneously oneness and difference. Rasabhasa
may appear to be a transcendental mellow, but actually it is not.
Those who are pure Vaisnavas should avoid these things opposed to
devotional service. These misconceptions practically parallel the
Mayavada philosophy. If one indulges in Mayavada philosophy, he
gradually falls down from the platform of devotional service. By
overlapping mellows (rasabhasa) one eventually becomes a prakrta-
sahajiya and takes everything to be very easy. One may also become a
member of the baula community and gradually become attracted to material
activities. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has therefore advised us to avoid
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha and rasabhasa. In this way the devotee can
remain pure and free from falldowns. Everyone should try to remain aloof
from bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha and rasabhasa.
Madhya 10.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
ataeva svarupa age kare pariksana
suddha haya yadi, prabhure kara'na sravana
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; age -- at first; kare -
- does; pariksana -- examination; suddha -- pure; haya -- is; yadi -- if;
prabhure -- unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kara'na -- causes;
sravana -- hearing.
TRANSLATION
It was the practice for Svarupa Damodara Gosvami to examine all
literatures to find out whether their conclusions were correct. Only
then would he allow them to be heard by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura says that if something impedes
the execution of devotional service, it should be understood to be
impure. Pure devotees of the Lord do not accept impure principles.
Impure devotees accept rasabhasa, or overlapping, contradictory mellows,
and other principles opposed to the bhakti path. The followers of such
impure principles are never accepted as pure devotees. There are many
parties following the path of rasabhasa, and the followers are sometimes
adored by ordinary men. Those who adopt the conclusions of rasabhasa and
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha are never accepted as devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Svarupa Damodara Gosvami never approved such followers as
Gaudiya Vaisnavas, nor did he allow them even to meet the Supreme Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 10.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
vidyapati, candidasa, sri-gita-govinda
ei tina gite kara'na prabhura ananda
SYNONYMS
vidya-pati -- an old Vaisnava poet from the province of Mithila;
candi-dasa -- a Bengali Vaisnava poet born in the village of
Nannura in the Birbhum district; sri-gita-govinda -- a celebrated poem
by Jayadeva Gosvami; ei -- these; tina -- three; gite -- songs; kara'na -
- cause; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ananda -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara used to read the poems of Vidyapati and Candidasa
and Jayadeva Gosvami's Sri Gita-govinda. He used to make Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu very happy by singing these songs.
Madhya 10.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
sangite -- gandharva-sama, sastre brhaspati
damodara-sama ara nahi maha-mati
SYNONYMS
sangite -- in music; gandharva-sama -- just like the Gandharvas; sastre -
- in discussions of revealed scriptures; brhaspati -- like Brhaspati,
the priest of the heavenly demigods; damodara-sama -- equal to Svarupa
Damodara; ara -- anyone else; nahi -- there is not; maha-mati -- great
personality.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was as expert a musician as the Gandharvas, and in
scriptural discussion he was just like Brhaspati, the priest of the
heavenly gods. Therefore it is to be concluded that there was no great
personality quite like Svarupa Damodara.
PURPORT
Svarupa Damodara Gosvami was very expert in music as well as Vedic
scriptures. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to call him Damodara because of
his expert singing and musical skills. The name Damodara was given by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and added to the name given by his sannyasa-guru.
He was therefore known as Svarupa Damodara, or Damodara Svarupa. He
compiled a book of music named Sangita-damodara.
Madhya 10.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
advaita-nityanandera parama priyatama
srivasadi bhakta-ganera haya prana-sama
SYNONYMS
advaita -- of Advaita Acarya; nityanandera -- of Lord Nityananda Prabhu;
parama -- very much; priya-tama -- dear; srivasa-adi -- beginning with
Srivasa; bhakta-ganera -- of the devotees; haya -- is; prana-sama --
exactly like the life and soul.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara was very dear to Advaita Acarya and Nityananda
Prabhu, and he was the life and soul of all the devotees, headed by
Srivasa Thakura.
Madhya 10.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
sei damodara asi' dandavat haila
carane padiya sloka padite lagila
SYNONYMS
sei damodara -- that Svarupa Damodara; asi' -- coming; danda-vat haila --
fell flat to offer obeisances; carane padiya -- falling down at the
lotus feet; sloka -- a verse; padite lagila -- began to recite.
TRANSLATION
It was Svarupa Damodara who came to Jagannatha Puri and fell flat
before the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, offering Him
obeisances and reciting a verse.
Madhya 10.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
heloddhunita-khedaya visadaya pronmilad-amodaya
samyac-chastra-vivadaya rasadaya cittarpitonmadaya
sasvad-bhakti-vinodaya sa-madaya madhurya-maryadaya
sri-caitanya daya-nidhe tava daya bhuyad amandodaya
SYNONYMS
hela -- very easily; uddhunita -- driven away; khedaya -- lamentation;
visadaya -- which purifies everything; pronmilat -- awakening; amodaya --
transcendental bliss; samyat -- mitigating; sastra -- of revealed
scriptures; vivadaya -- disagreements; rasa-daya -- distributing all
transcendental mellows; citta -- in the heart; arpita -- fixed; unmadaya
-- jubilation; sasvat -- always; bhakti -- devotional service; vinodaya -
- stimulating; sa-madaya -- full of ecstasy; madhurya -- of conjugal
love; maryadaya -- the limit; sri-caitanya -- O Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; daya-nidhe -- ocean of mercy; tava -- Your; daya -- mercy;
bhuyat -- let it be; amanda -- of good fortune; udaya -- in which there
is awakening.
TRANSLATION
"O ocean of mercy, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! Let there be an awakening of
Your auspicious mercy, which easily drives away all kinds of material
lamentation. By Your mercy, everything is made pure and blissful.
It awakens transcendental bliss and covers all gross
material pleasures. By Your auspicious mercy, quarrels and disagreements
arising among different scriptures are vanquished. Your auspicious mercy
causes the heart to jubilate by pouring forth
transcendental mellows. Your mercy always stimulates devotional service,
which is full of joy. You are always glorifying
the conjugal love of God. May transcendental bliss be awakened
within my heart by Your causeless mercy."
PURPORT
This important verse quoted from Sri Caitanya-candrodaya-nataka (8.10)
specifically describes the Lord's causeless mercy. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Thakura explains that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is the most
magnanimous Personality of Godhead, distributes His causeless mercy in
three ways to the conditioned soul. Every living entity is morose in the
material world because he is always in want. He undergoes a great
struggle for existence and tries to minimize his miserable condition by
squeezing the utmost pleasure out of this world. However, the living
entity is never successful in this endeavor. While in a miserable
condition, a person sometimes seeks the favor of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, but this is very difficult for materialistic people to
obtain. However, when one becomes Krsna conscious by the grace of the
Lord, the flavor of the lotus feet of the Lord expands, and in this
way a materialist may gain freedom from his miseries. Actually his mind
is cleansed by his transcendental connection with the lotus feet of the
Lord. At such a time one is enlightened by the loving service of the
Lord.
There are many different kinds of scripture, and by reading them one
often becomes puzzled. However, when one receives the mercy of the Lord,
his confusion is mitigated. Not only are scriptural disparities resolved,
but a kind of transcendental bliss is awakened, and in this way one is
fully satisfied. The transcendental loving service of the Lord
constantly engages the conditioned soul in serving the Lord's lotus feet.
Through such fortunate engagement, one's transcendental love for Krsna
is increased. One's position is thus completely purified, and one is
filled with transcendental bliss accompanied by the spirit soul's
jubilation.
Thus the transcendental causeless mercy of Lord Krsna is manifest in
the heart of the devotee. At such a time, material needs no longer exist.
The lamentation that invariably accompanies material desires also
vanishes. By the grace of the Lord one is elevated to the transcendental
position, and then the transcendental mellows of the spiritual world are
manifest in him. One's devotional service then becomes firm, and one
engages in the Lord's transcendental loving service with great
determination. All these combine to fully awaken the devotee's heart
with love of Krsna.
In the beginning, a conditioned soul is bereft of Krsna consciousness
and is always morose in his material activities. Later, by associating
with a pure devotee, one becomes inquisitive to know the Absolute Truth.
In this way one begins to engage in the transcendental service of the
Lord. It is by the Lord's grace that all misconceptions are vanquished
and the heart cleansed of all material dirt. It is only then that the
pleasure of transcendental bliss is awakened. By the Lord's mercy one is
finally convinced of the value of devotional service. When one can
see the pastimes of the Lord everywhere, he is firmly situated in
transcendental bliss. Such a devotee is relieved of all kinds of
material desires, and he preaches the glories of the Lord all over the
world. Krsna conscious activities separate one from material
activities and the desire for liberation. At every step the
devotee feels himself connected with the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Although such a devotee may sometimes be involved in household life, he
is untouched by material existence due to his constant engagement in
devotional service. Thus everyone is advised to take shelter of
devotional service to become happy and liberated.
Madhya 10.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
uthana mahaprabhu kaila alingana
dui-jane premavese haila acetana
SYNONYMS
uthana -- after raising him; mahaprabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
kaila -- made; alingana -- embracing; dui-jane -- two persons; prema-
avese -- in the ecstasy of love; haila -- became; acetana -- unconscious.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu raised Svarupa Damodara to his feet and embraced
him. They both became ecstatic in love and fell unconscious.
Madhya 10.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
kata-ksane dui jane sthira yabe haila
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kahite lagila
SYNONYMS
kata-ksane -- after some time; dui jane -- both persons; sthira --
patient; yabe -- when; haila -- became; tabe -- at that time; mahaprabhu
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto him; kahite -- to speak;
lagila -- began.
TRANSLATION
After they had both regained their patience, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
began to speak.
Madhya 10.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
tumi ye asibe, aji svapnete dekhila
bhala haila, andha yena dui netra paila
SYNONYMS
tumi -- you; ye -- that; asibe -- will come; aji -- today; svapnete --
in dream; dekhila -- I saw; bhala haila -- it is very good; andha -- a
blind man; yena -- as if; dui -- two; netra -- eyes; paila -- got back.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I saw in a dream that you were coming,
and so this is very auspicious. I have been like a blind man, but your
coming here restores My vision."
Madhya 10.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
svarupa kahe, -- prabhu, mora ksama' aparadha
toma chadi' anyatra genu, karinu pramada
SYNONYMS
svarupa kahe -- Svarupa Damodara said; prabhu -- my Lord; mora -- my;
ksama' -- please excuse; aparadha -- offense; toma -- You; chadi' --
giving up; anyatra -- elsewhere; genu -- I went; karinu -- I have done;
pramada -- great mistake.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa said, "My dear Lord, please excuse my offense. I gave up Your
company to go elsewhere, and that was my great mistake.
Madhya 10.124
TEXT 124
TEXT
tomara carane mora nahi prema-lesa
toma chadi' papi muni genu anya desa
SYNONYMS
tomara carane -- at Your lotus feet; mora -- my; nahi -- there is not;
prema-lesa -- a trace of love; toma -- You; chadi' -- giving up; papi --
sinful; muni -- I; genu -- went; anya desa -- to another country.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, I do not even possess a trace of love at Your lotus
feet. If I did, how could I go to another country? I am therefore
a most sinful man.
Madhya 10.125
TEXT 125
TEXT
muni toma chadila, tumi more na chadila
krpa-pasa gale bandhi' carane anila
SYNONYMS
muni -- I; toma -- You; chadila -- gave up; tumi -- You; more -- me; na -
- did not; chadila -- give up; krpa -- of mercy; pasa -- by the rope;
gale -- by the neck; bandhi' -- binding; carane -- at Your lotus feet;
anila -- You brought back.
TRANSLATION
"I gave up your company, but You did not give me up. By Your merciful
rope You have bound me by the neck and brought me back again to
Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.126
TEXT 126
TEXT
tabe svarupa kaila nitaira carana vandana
nityananda-prabhu kaila prema-alingana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; kaila -- did; nitaira --
of Nityananda Prabhu; carana -- of the lotus feet; vandana -- worship;
nityananda-prabhu -- Lord Nityananda; kaila -- did; prema-alingana --
embracing in love.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara then worshiped the lotus feet of Nityananda Prabhu, and
Nityananda in turn embraced him in the ecstasy of love.
Madhya 10.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
jagadananda, mukunda, sankara, sarvabhauma
saba-sange yatha-yogya karila milana
SYNONYMS
jagadananda -- Jagadananda; mukunda -- Mukunda; sankara -- Sankara;
sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma; saba-sange -- with all; yatha-yogya -- as is
befitting; karila -- did; milana -- meeting.
TRANSLATION
After worshiping Nityananda Prabhu, Svarupa Damodara met Jagadananda,
Mukunda, Sankara and Sarvabhauma, as was befitting.
Madhya 10.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
paramananda purira kaila carana vandana
puri-gosani tanre kaila prema-alingana
SYNONYMS
paramananda purira -- of Paramananda Puri; kaila -- he did; carana
vandana -- worshiping the lotus feet; puri-gosani -- Paramananda Puri;
tanre -- unto him; kaila -- did; prema-alingana -- embracing in love.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara also offered his worshipful prayers at the lotus feet
of Paramananda Puri, who, in return, embraced him in ecstatic love.
Madhya 10.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
mahaprabhu dila tanre nibhrte vasa-ghara
jaladi-paricarya lagi' dila eka kinkara
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dila -- gave; tanre -- unto him;
nibhrte -- in a solitary place; vasa-ghara -- residential quarters; jala-
adi -- supplying water, etc.; paricarya -- service; lagi' -- for the
purpose of; dila -- gave; eka -- one; kinkara -- servant.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then gave Svarupa Damodara residence in a
solitary place and ordered one servant to serve him with a supply of
water and other necessities.
Madhya 10.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
ara dina sarvabhauma-adi bhakta-sange
vasiya achena mahaprabhu krsna-katha-range
SYNONYMS
ara dina -- the next day; sarvabhauma-adi -- headed by Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya; bhakta-sange -- with the devotees; vasiya achena -- was
sitting; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-katha-range --
engaged in discussions of topics concerning Krsna.
TRANSLATION
The next day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu sat with all the devotees, headed
by Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, and they discussed the pastimes of Krsna.
Madhya 10.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
hena-kale govindera haila agamana
dandavat kari' kahe vinaya-vacana
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at that time; govindera -- of Govinda; haila -- there was;
agamana -- arrival; dandavat kari' -- offering obeisances; kahe -- says;
vinaya-vacana -- submissive words.
TRANSLATION
At that time Govinda appeared on the scene, offered his respectful
obeisances and spoke submissively.
Madhya 10.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
isvara-purira bhrtya, -- 'govinda' mora nama
puri-gosanira ajnaya ainu tomara sthana
SYNONYMS
isvara-purira bhrtya -- servant of Isvara Puri; govinda mora nama -- my
name is Govinda; puri-gosanira -- of Isvara Puri; ajnaya -- on the order;
ainu -- I have come; tomara -- to your; sthana -- place.
TRANSLATION
"I am the servant of Isvara Puri. My name is Govinda, and, following the
orders of my spiritual master, I have come here.
Madhya 10.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
siddha-prapti-kale gosani ajna kaila more
krsna-caitanya-nikate rahi seviha tanhare
SYNONYMS
siddhi-prapti-kale -- at the time of his departure from this mortal
world to achieve the highest perfection of life; gosani -- my spiritual
master; ajna -- order; kaila -- made; more -- unto me; krsna-caitanya-
nikate -- at the place of Sri Krsna Caitanya; rahi -- remaining; seviha -
- render service; tanhare -- unto Him.
TRANSLATION
"Just before his departure from this mortal world to attain the highest
perfection, Isvara Puri told me that I should go to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and render service unto Him.
Madhya 10.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
kasisvara asibena saba tirtha dekhiya
prabhu-ajnaya muni ainu toma-pade dhana
SYNONYMS
kasisvara -- Kasisvara; asibena -- will come; saba -- all; tirtha --
holy places; dekhiya -- visiting; prabhu-ajnaya -- under the order of my
spiritual master; muni -- I; ainu -- have come; toma -- to your; pade --
lotus feet; dhana -- running.
TRANSLATION
"Kasisvara will also come here after visiting all the holy places.
However, following the orders of my spiritual master, I have hastily
come to be present at Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.135
TEXT 135
TEXT
gosani kahila, 'purisvara' vatsalya kare more
krpa kari' mora thani pathaila tomare
SYNONYMS
gosani kahila -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; purisvara -- Isvara
Puri; vatsalya -- paternal affection; kare -- does; more -- unto Me;
krpa kari' -- being merciful; mora thani -- to My place; pathaila --
sent; tomare -- you.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "My spiritual master, Isvara Puri,
always favors me with paternal affection. Therefore, out of his
causeless mercy, he has sent you here."
Madhya 10.136
TEXT 136
TEXT
eta suni' sarvabhauma prabhure puchila
puri-gosani sudra-sevaka kanhe ta' rakhila
SYNONYMS
eta suni' -- hearing this; sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya;
prabhure -- unto the Lord; puchila -- inquired; puri-gosani -- Isvara
Puri; sudra-sevaka -- a servant who is a sudra; kanhe ta' -- why;
rakhila -- kept.
TRANSLATION
After hearing this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya asked Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, "Why did Isvara Puri keep a servant who comes from a sudra
family?"
PURPORT
Both Kasisvara and Govinda were personal servants of Isvara Puri. After
Isvara Puri's demise, Kasisvara went to visit all the holy places of
India. Following the orders of his spiritual master, Govinda immediately
went to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for shelter. Govinda came from a sudra
family, but because he was initiated by Isvara Puri, he was certainly a
brahmana. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya here asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu why
Isvara Puri accepted a disciple from a sudra family. According to the
smrti-sastra, which gives directions for the management of the
varnasrama institution, a brahmana cannot accept a disciple from the
lower castes. In other words, a ksatriya, vaisya or sudra cannot be
accepted as a servant. If a spiritual master accepts such a person, he
is contaminated. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya therefore asked why Isvara Puri
accepted a servant or disciple born of a sudra family.
In answer to this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied that his
spiritual master, Isvara Puri, was so empowered that he was as good as
the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As such, Isvara Puri was the
spiritual master of the whole world. He was not a servant to any mundane
rule or regulation. An empowered spiritual master like Isvara Puri can
bestow his mercy upon anyone, irrespective of caste or creed. The
conclusion is that an empowered spiritual master is authorized by Krsna
and should be considered to be as good as
the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the verdict of
Visvanatha Cakravarti: saksad-dharitvena samasta-sastraih. An authorized
spiritual master is as good as Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
If Hari is free to act as He likes, the empowered spiritual master is
also free. As Hari is not subject to the criticism of mundane rules and
regulations, the spiritual master empowered by Him is also not subjected.
According to Caitanya-caritamrta (Antya-lila 7.11): krsna-sakti
vina nahe tara pravartana. An authorized spiritual master empowered by
Krsna can spread the glories of the holy name of the Lord, for he has
power of attorney from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the
mundane world, anyone possessing his master's power of attorney can act
on behalf of his master. Similarly, a spiritual master empowered by
Krsna through his bona fide spiritual master should be considered as
good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the meaning
of saksad-dharitvena. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu therefore describes the
activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the bona fide
spiritual master as follows.
Madhya 10.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- isvara haya parama svatantra
isvarera krpa nahe veda-paratantra
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; isvara -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead or Isvara Puri; haya -- is; parama -- supremely;
svatantra -- independent; isvarera -- of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead or of Isvara Puri; krpa -- the mercy; nahe -- is not; veda-
paratantra -- subjected to the Vedic rules.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Both the Supreme Personality of Godhead
and the spiritual master, Isvara Puri, are completely independent.
Therefore the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and
Isvara Puri is not subjected to any Vedic rules and
regulations.
Madhya 10.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
isvarera krpa jati-kuladi na mane
vidurera ghare krsna karila bhojane
SYNONYMS
isvarera krpa -- the mercy of the Lord; jati -- caste; kula-adi --
family, etc.; na mane -- does not obey; vidurera -- of Vidura; ghare --
at the home; krsna -- Lord Krsna; karila -- did; bhojane -- eating.
TRANSLATION
"The mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is not restricted to
the jurisdiction of caste and creed. Vidura was a sudra, yet Krsna
accepted lunch at his home.
Madhya 10.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
sneha-lesapeksa matra sri-krsna-krpara
sneha-vasa hana kare svatantra acara
SYNONYMS
sneha -- of affection; lesa -- on a trace; apeksa -- reliance; matra --
only; sri-krsna -- of Lord Sri Krsna; krpara -- of the mercy; sneha-vasa
-- obliged by affection; hana -- being; kare -- does; svatantra --
independent; acara -- behavior.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Krsna's mercy is dependent only on affection. Being obliged only
by affection, Lord Krsna acts very independently.
PURPORT
Lord Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is merciful, but His
mercy does not depend on mundane rules and regulations. He is dependent
only on affection and nothing else. Service to Lord Krsna can be
rendered in two ways. One can serve the Lord in affection or in
veneration. When service is rendered in affection, it is the Lord's
special mercy. When service is rendered in veneration, it is doubtful
whether Krsna's mercy is actually involved. If Krsna's mercy is there,
it is not dependent on any prescribed caste or creed. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu wanted to inform Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya that Lord Krsna is
the spiritual master of everyone, and He does not care for mundane caste
or creed. Therefore Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu cited the example of Lord
Krsna's accepting food at the house of Vidura, who was a sudra by birth.
By the same token, Isvara Puri, an empowered spiritual master, could
show mercy to anyone. As such, he accepted Govinda, although the boy was
born in a sudra family. When Govinda was initiated, he became a brahmana
and was accepted as Isvara Puri's personal servant. In the Hari-bhakti-
vilasa, Sri Sanatana Gosvami states that if one is initiated by a
bona fide spiritual master, he immediately becomes a brahmana. A pseudo
spiritual master cannot transform a person into a brahmana, but an
authorized spiritual master can do so. This is the verdict of sastra,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and all the Gosvamis.
Madhya 10.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
maryada haite koti sukha sneha-acarane
paramananda haya yara nama-sravane
SYNONYMS
maryada haite -- greater than veneration and awe; koti -- millions of
times; sukha -- happiness; sneha -- with affection; acarane -- in
dealings; parama-ananda -- transcendental bliss; haya -- there is; yara -
- whose; nama -- holy name; sravane -- by hearing.
TRANSLATION
"In conclusion, dealings in affection with the Supreme Personality of
Godhead bring happiness many millions of times greater than dealings
with Him in awe and veneration. Simply by hearing the holy name of the
Lord, the devotee is merged in transcendental bliss."
Madhya 10.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
eta bali' govindere kaila alingana
govinda karila prabhura carana vandana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; govindere -- unto Govinda; kaila -- did;
alingana -- embracing; govinda -- Govinda; karila -- did; prabhura -- of
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana vandana -- worshiping the lotus
feet.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Govinda, and Govinda
in turn offered his respectful obeisances unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
lotus feet.
Madhya 10.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- bhattacarya, karaha vicara
gurura kinkara haya manya se amara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; bhattacarya -- My dear
Bhattacarya; karaha vicara -- just consider; gurura kinkara -- the
servant of the spiritual master; haya -- is; manya -- respectable; se --
he; amara -- to Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then continued speaking to Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya. "Consider this point. The servant of the spiritual master
is always respectable for Me.
Madhya 10.143
TEXT 143
TEXT
tanhare apana-seva karaite na yuyaya
guru ajna diyachena, ki kari upaya
SYNONYMS
tanhare -- him; apana-seva -- personal service; karaite -- to engage to
do; na yuyaya -- is not befitting; guru -- the spiritual master; ajna --
order; diyachena -- has given; ki -- what; kari -- can I do; upaya --
remedy.
TRANSLATION
"As such, it is not befitting that the guru's servant should engage in
My personal service. Yet My spiritual master has given this order. What
shall I do?"
PURPORT
If a guru's servant or disciple becomes Godbrother to
another disciple, they respect one another as
prabhu, or master. No one should disrespect his Godbrother. For this
reason Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya what to do
about Govinda. Govinda was the personal servant of Isvara Puri, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's spiritual master. Isvara Puri ordered
Govinda to become Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's personal servant, so what
was to be done? Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was
therefore inquiring from Bhattacarya, an experienced friend.
Madhya 10.144
TEXT 144
TEXT
bhatta kahe, -- gurura ajna haya balavan
guru-ajna na langhiye, sastra -- pramana
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said; gurura ajna -- the order of
the spiritual master; haya -- is; balavan -- strong; guru-ajna -- the
order of the spiritual master; na -- not; langhiye -- we can disobey;
sastra -- scriptural; pramana -- injunction.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said, "The order of the spiritual master is very
strong and cannot be disobeyed. That is the injunction of the sastras,
the revealed scriptures.
Madhya 10.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
sa susruvan matari bhargavena
pitur niyogat prahrtam dvisadvat
pratyagrhid agraja-sasanam tad
ajna gurunam hy avicaraniya
SYNONYMS
sah -- He; susruvan -- the brother of Lord Ramacandra
; matari -- unto the mother; bhargavena -- by Parasurama;
pituh -- of the father; niyogat -- by the order; prahrtam -- killing;
dvisat-vat -- like an enemy; pratyagrhit -- accepted; agraja-sasanam --
the order of the elder brother; tat -- that; ajna -- order; gurunam --
of superior persons, such as the spiritual master or father; hi --
because; avicaraniya -- to be obeyed without consideration.
TRANSLATION
" 'Being ordered by his father, Parasurama killed his mother, Renuka,
just as if she were an enemy. Laksmana, the younger brother of Lord
Ramacandra, immediately engaged Himself in the service
of His elder brother and accepted His orders. The order of the spiritual
master must be obeyed without consideration.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Puranas (Raghu-vamsa 14.46). Lord
Ramacandra's statement to Sita given below is from the Ramayana (Ayodhya-
kanda 22.9).
Madhya 10.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
nirvicaram guror ajna
maya karya mahatmanah
sreyo hy evam bhavatyas ca
mama caiva visesatah
SYNONYMS
nirvicaram -- to be obeyed without consideration; guroh -- of the
spiritual master; ajna -- the order; maya -- by Me; karya -- must be
done; maha-atmanah -- of the great soul; sreyah -- good fortune; hi --
indeed; evam -- thus; bhavatyah -- for you; ca -- and; mama -- for Me;
ca -- also; eva -- certainly; visesatah -- specifically.
TRANSLATION
" 'The order of a great personality like a father must be executed
without consideration because there is good fortune in such an order for
both of us. In particular, there is good fortune for Me.' "
Madhya 10.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kaila angikara
apana-sri-anga-sevaya dila adhikara
SYNONYMS
tabe -- after that; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto
Govinda; kaila -- did; angikara -- acceptance; apana -- personal; sri-
anga -- of the transcendental body; sevaya -- in the service; dila --
gave; adhikara -- responsibility.
TRANSLATION
After Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
embraced Govinda and engaged him in the service of His personal body.
Madhya 10.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
prabhura priya bhrtya kari' sabe kare mana
sakala vaisnavera govinda kare samadhana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; priya -- dear; bhrtya --
servant; kari' -- understanding; sabe -- all; kare -- do; mana --
respect; sakala -- all; vaisnavera -- of devotees; govinda -- Govinda;
kare -- does; samadhana -- service.
TRANSLATION
Everyone respected Govinda as the dearest servant of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, and Govinda served all the Vaisnavas and saw to their needs.
Madhya 10.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
chota-bada-kirtaniya -- dui haridasa
ramai, nandai rahe govindera pasa
SYNONYMS
chota-bada -- junior and senior; kirtaniya -- musicians; dui -- two;
hari-dasa -- Haridasa; ramai -- Ramai; nandai -- Nandai; rahe --
stay; govindera pasa -- with Govinda.
TRANSLATION
Both Haridasa senior and Haridasa junior, who were musicians, as well as
Ramai and Nandai, used to stay with Govinda.
Madhya 10.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
govindera sange kare prabhura sevana
govindera bhagya-sima na yaya varnana
SYNONYMS
govindera sange -- with Govinda; kare -- do; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; sevana -- service; govindera -- of Govinda; bhagya-sima --
the limit of fortune; na -- not; yaya varnana -- can be described.
TRANSLATION
They all remained with Govinda to serve Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
therefore no one could estimate the good fortune of Govinda.
Madhya 10.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
ara dine mukunda-datta kahe prabhura sthane
brahmananda-bharati aila tomara darasane
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- the next day; mukunda-datta -- Mukunda Datta; kahe -- said;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sthane -- at the place;
brahmananda-bharati -- Brahmananda Bharati; aila -- has come; tomara
darasane -- to see You.
TRANSLATION
The next day Mukunda Datta informed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "
Brahmananda Bharati has come to see You."
Madhya 10.152
TEXT 152
TEXT
ajna deha' yadi tanre aniye ethai
prabhu kahe, -- guru tenha, yaba tanra thani
SYNONYMS
ajna deha' -- order; yadi -- if; tanre -- him; aniye -- I can bring;
ethai -- here; prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; guru tenha --
he is My spiritual master; yaba -- I shall go; tanra thani -- to his
place.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta then asked the Lord, "Shall I bring him here?" Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Brahmananda Bharati is like My spiritual
master. It is better that I go to him."
Madhya 10.153
TEXT 153
TEXT
eta bali' mahaprabhu bhakta-gana-sange
cali' aila brahmananda-bharatira age
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhakta-
gana-sange -- with the devotees; cali' -- walking; aila -- came;
brahmananda-bharatira -- of Brahmananda Bharati; age -- in the presence.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His devotees came before
the presence of Brahmananda Bharati.
Madhya 10.154
TEXT 154
TEXT
brahmananda pariyache mrga-carmambara
taha dekhi' prabhu duhkha paila antara
SYNONYMS
brahmananda -- Brahmananda; pariyache -- did wear; mrga-carma-ambara --
a garment made of deerskin; taha dekhi' -- seeing that; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; duhkha -- unhappiness; paila -- got; antara --
within Himself.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His devotees approached him, they saw
that he was covered with a deerskin. Seeing this, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu became very unhappy.
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati belonged to the Sankara-sampradaya. The title
bharati indicates one of the ten sannyasis in
the Sankara-sampradaya. It is customary for a person who has
renounced the world to cover his body with a deerskin or the bark of a
tree. This is enjoined by Manu-samhita. However, if a sannyasi who
has renounced the world simply wears a deerskin and does not spiritually
advance, he is simply puffed up and conceited. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu did not like to see Brahmananda Bharati wearing a deerskin.
Madhya 10.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
dekhiya ta' chadma kaila yena dekhe nani
mukundere puche, -- kahan bharati-gosani
SYNONYMS
dekhiya -- seeing; ta' -- certainly; chadma kaila -- pretended; yena --
as if; dekhe -- sees; nani -- not; mukundere puche -- inquired from
Mukunda; kahan -- where; bharati-gosani -- Brahmananda Bharati, my
spiritual master.
TRANSLATION
Seeing Brahmananda Bharati thus attired, Caitanya Mahaprabhu
pretended not to see him. Instead, He asked Mukunda Datta, "Where is
Brahmananda Bharati, My spiritual master?"
Madhya 10.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
mukunda kahe, -- ei age dekha vidyamana
prabhu kahe, -- tenha nahena, tumi ageyana
SYNONYMS
mukunda kahe -- Mukunda said; ei age -- here in front; dekha -- see;
vidyamana -- present; prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied;
tenha nahena -- he is not; tumi ageyana -- you are incorrect.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta replied, "Here is Brahmananda Bharati, in Your presence."
The Lord replied, "You are incorrect. This is not Brahmananda Bharati.
Madhya 10.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
anyere anya kaha, nahi tomara jnana
bharati-gosani kene paribena cama
SYNONYMS
anyere -- another; anya kaha -- you talk of someone else; nahi -- there
is not; tomara -- your; jnana -- knowledge; bharati -- Brahmananda
Bharati; gosani -- My spiritual master; kene -- why; paribena -- should
wear; cama -- skin.
TRANSLATION
"You must be talking of someone else, for this is surely not Brahmananda
Bharati. You simply have no knowledge. Why should Brahmananda Bharati
wear a deerskin?"
Madhya 10.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
suni' brahmananda kare hrdaye vicare
mora carmambara ei na bhaya inhare
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; brahmananda -- Brahmananda; kare -- does; hrdaye --
within himself; vicare -- consideration; mora -- my; carma-ambara --
deerskin garment; ei -- this; na -- not; bhaya -- is approved; inhare --
by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
When Brahmananda Bharati heard this, he thought, "My deerskin is not
approved by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu."
Madhya 10.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
bhala kahena, -- carmambara dambha lagi' pari
carmambara-paridhane samsara na tari
SYNONYMS
bhala -- well; kahena -- He said; carma-ambara -- the garment of
deerskin; dambha -- prestige; lagi' -- for the matter of; pari -- I put
on; carma-ambara-paridhane -- by putting on a garment of skin; samsara --
the material world; na tari -- I cannot cross.
TRANSLATION
Thus admitting his mistake, Brahmananda Bharati thought, "He spoke well.
I put on this deerskin only for prestige. I cannot cross over the ocean
of nescience simply by wearing a deerskin.
Madhya 10.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
aji haite na pariba ei carmambara
prabhu bahirvasa anaila janiya antara
SYNONYMS
aji haite -- from today; na pariba -- I shall not put on; ei -- this;
carma-ambara -- deerskin garment; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bahih-vasa -- the cloth of a sannyasi; anaila -- had someone bring;
janiya -- knowing; antara -- his contemplation.
TRANSLATION
"From today on I shall not wear this deerskin." As soon as Brahmananda
Bharati decided this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, understanding his mind,
immediately sent for the robes of a sannyasi.
Madhya 10.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
carmambara chadi' brahmananda parila vasana
prabhu asi' kaila tanra carana vandana
SYNONYMS
carma-ambara chadi' -- giving up the deerskin garment; brahmananda --
Brahmananda Bharati; parila -- put on; vasana -- cloth garment; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; asi' -- coming; kaila -- did; tanra -- his;
carana vandana -- worshiping the feet.
TRANSLATION
As soon as Brahmananda Bharati gave up his deerskin and covered himself
with sannyasi robes, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came and offered His
respects at his lotus feet.
Madhya 10.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
bharati kahe, -- tomara acara loka sikhaite
punah na karibe nati, bhaya pana citte
SYNONYMS
bharati kahe -- Brahmananda Bharati said; tomara -- Your; acara --
behavior; loka -- people in general; sikhaite -- to teach; punah --
again; na -- not; karibe -- will do; nati -- obeisances; bhaya -- fear;
pana -- I get; citte -- within the mind.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati said, "You instruct the general populace by Your
behavior. I will not do anything against Your wishes; otherwise You will
not offer me respects but will neglect me. I am afraid of this.
Madhya 10.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
sampratika 'dui brahma' ihan 'calacala'
jagannatha -- acala brahma, tumi ta' sacala
SYNONYMS
sampratika -- at the present moment; dui brahma -- two Brahmans, or
spiritual identities; ihan -- here; cala-acala -- moving and not moving;
jagannatha -- Lord Jagannatha; acala brahma -- not moving Brahman; tumi -
- You; ta' -- but; sa-cala -- moving Brahman.
TRANSLATION
"At the present moment I see two Brahmans. One Brahman is Lord
Jagannatha, who does not move and the other Brahman, who is moving, is
You. Lord Jagannatha is arca-vigraha, the worshipable Deity, and it
is He who is the nonmoving Brahman. However, You are Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, and You are moving here and there. Both of You are the
same Brahman, master of material nature, but You are playing two
parts -- one moving and one not moving. In this way two Brahmans are now
residing at Jagannatha Puri, Purusottama.
Madhya 10.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
tumi -- gaura-varna, tenha -- syamala-varna
dui brahme kaila saba jagat-tarana
SYNONYMS
tumi -- You; gaura-varna -- having a golden or fair complexion; tenha --
He; syamala-varna -- having a blackish complexion; dui brahme -- both
Brahmans; kaila -- performed; saba jagat -- of the whole world; tarana --
deliverance.
TRANSLATION
"Of the two Brahmans, You are fair complexioned, and the other, Lord
Jagannatha, is blackish. However, both of You are delivering the whole
world."
Madhya 10.165
TEXT 165
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- satya kahi, tomara agamane
dui brahma prakatila sri-purusottame
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; satya kahi -- I speak
the truth; tomara agamane -- by your presence; dui brahma -- two
Brahmans; prakatila -- appeared; sri-purusottame -- at Jagannatha Puri.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Actually, to tell you the truth,
due to your presence there are now two Brahmans at Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.166
TEXT 166
TEXT
'brahmananda' nama tumi -- gaura-brahma 'cala'
syama-varna jagannatha vasiyachena 'acala'
SYNONYMS
brahmananda -- Brahmananda; nama tumi -- your name; gaura-brahma -- the
Brahman of the name Gaura; cala -- both of them are moving; syama-varna -
- of blackish hue; jagannatha -- Lord Jagannatha; vasiyachena -- is
sitting; acala -- without movement.
TRANSLATION
"Both Brahmananda and Gaurahari are moving, whereas the blackish Lord
Jagannatha is sitting tight and immobile."
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati wanted to prove that there is no difference between
the Supreme Lord and the jiva, and Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to
prove that He and Brahmananda Bharati were jivas. Although the
jivas are Brahman, they are many, but the Supreme Lord, the Supreme
Brahman, is one. On the other hand, Brahmananda Bharati wanted to
prove that Jagannatha and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are one, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, but to fulfill His mission, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu appeared to be moving, whereas Lord Jagannatha appeared to be
inert. However, both of them are one and the same. Thus this jolly
argument was going on. Finally, Brahmananda Bharati referred the whole
matter to Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya for a final decision.
Madhya 10.167
TEXT 167
TEXT
bharati kahe, -- sarvabhauma, madhyastha hana
inhara sane amara 'nyaya' bujha' mana diya
SYNONYMS
bharati kahe -- Brahmananda Bharati said; sarvabhauma -- O Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya; madhya-stha hana -- becoming a mediator; inhara sane --
with Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; amara -- my; nyaya -- logic; bujha' --
try to understand; mana diya -- with attention.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati said, "My dear Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, please
become the mediator in this logical argument between Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and me."
Madhya 10.168
TEXT 168
TEXT
'vyapya' 'vyapaka'-bhave 'jiva'-'brahme' jani
jiva -- vyapya, brahma -- vyapaka, sastrete vakhani
SYNONYMS
vyapya -- localized; vyapaka -- all-pervading; bhave -- in this way;
jiva -- living entity; brahme -- the Supreme Lord; jani -- I know; jiva -
- the living entity; vyapya -- localized; brahma -- the Supreme Lord;
vyapaka -- all-pervading; sastrete -- in the revealed scripture; vakhani
-- description.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati continued, "The living entity is localized, whereas
the Supreme Brahman is all-pervading. That is the verdict of the
revealed scriptures.
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati drew Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya's attention because he
wanted him to judge the argument. He then stated that Brahman, the
Supreme Lord, is all-pervading. This is confirmed by
Bhagavad-gita:
ksetrajnam capi mam viddhi
sarva-ksetresu bharata
ksetra-ksetrajnayor jnanam
yat taj jnanam matam mama
"O scion of Bharata, you should understand that I am also the knower in
all bodies, and to understand this body and its owner is called
knowledge. That is My opinion." (Bg. 13.3)
The Supreme Personality of Godhead in His Paramatma feature is expanded
everywhere. The Brahma-samhita says, andantara-stha-paramanu-cayantara-
stham: by virtue of His all-pervasive nature, the Supreme
Lord is within the universe as well as within all elements of the
universe. He is even within the atom. In this way the Supreme Lord
Govinda is all-pervasive. On the other hand, the living entities are
very, very small. It is said that the living entity is one ten-
thousandth of the tip of a hair. Therefore the living entity is
localized. Living entities rest on the Brahman effulgence, the bodily
rays of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Madhya 10.169
TEXT 169
TEXT
carma ghucana kaila amare sodhana
donhara vyapya-vyapakatve ei ta' karana
SYNONYMS
carma -- deerskin; ghucana -- taking away; kaila -- did; amare -- unto
me; sodhana -- purification; donhara -- of both of us; vyapya -- being
localized; vyapakatve -- being all-pervasive; ei -- this; ta' -- indeed;
karana -- the cause.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu purified me by taking away my deerskin. This is
proof that He is all-pervasive and all-powerful and that I am
subordinate to Him.
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati herein asserts that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the
Supreme Brahman and that he is the subordinate Brahman. This is
confirmed in the Vedas: nityo nityanam cetanas cetananam
. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Brahman or Param
Brahman, the chief of all living entities. Both the Supreme Brahman, or
the Personality of Godhead, and the living entities are persons, but the
Supreme Brahman is the predominator, whereas the living entities are
predominated.
Madhya 10.170
TEXT 170
TEXT
suvarna-varno hemango
varangas candanangadi
sannyasa-krc chamah santo
nistha-santi-parayanah
SYNONYMS
suvarna -- of gold; varnah -- having the color; hema-angah -- whose body
was like molten gold; vara-angah -- having a most beautiful body;
candana-angadi -- whose body was smeared with sandalwood; sannyasa-krt --
practicing the renounced order of life; samah -- equipoised; santah --
peaceful; nistha -- of devotion; santi -- and of peace; parayanah -- the
highest resort.
TRANSLATION
" 'His bodily hue is golden, and His whole body is like molten gold.
Every part of His body is very beautifully constructed and smeared with
sandalwood pulp. Accepting the renounced order, the Lord is always
equipoised. He is firmly fixed in His mission of chanting the Hare Krsna
mantra, and He is firmly situated in His dualistic conclusion and in His
peace.'
PURPORT
This is a quote from the Mahabharata, Visnu-sahasra-nama-stotra (127.92.
75).
Madhya 10.171
TEXT 171
TEXT
ei saba namera inha haya nijaspada
candanakta prasada-dora -- sri-bhuje angada
SYNONYMS
ei saba -- all these; namera -- of names; inha -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; haya -- is; nija-aspada -- the reservoir; candana-akta --
smeared with the pulp of sandalwood; prasada-dora -- the thread received
from Jagannatha temple; sri-bhuje -- on His arms; angada --
ornaments.
TRANSLATION
"All the symptoms mentioned in the verse from Visnu-sahasra-nama-
stotra are visible in the body of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. His arms are
decorated with ornamental bangles made of sandalwood pulp and with the
thread received from the Sri Jagannatha Deity
."
Madhya 10.172
TEXT 172
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe, -- bharati, dekhi tomara jaya
prabhu kahe, -- yei kaha, sei satya haya
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Bhattacarya said; bharati -- O Brahmananda
Bharati; dekhi -- I see; tomara jaya -- your victory; prabhu kahe --
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; yei kaha -- whatever you say; sei -- that;
satya -- true; haya -- is.
TRANSLATION
After hearing this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya rendered his judgment,
saying, "Brahmananda Bharati, I see that you are victorious." Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu immediately said, "I accept whatever Brahmananda
Bharati has said. It is quite all right with Me."
Madhya 10.173
TEXT 173
TEXT
guru-sisya-nyaye satya sisyera parajaya
bharati kahe, -- eho nahe, anya hetu haya
SYNONYMS
guru-sisya-nyaye -- when there is a logical argument between the
spiritual master and the disciple; satya -- certainly; sisyera -- of the
disciple; parajaya -- defeat; bharati kahe -- Brahmananda Bharati said;
eho nahe -- in this case it is not the fact; anya hetu -- another cause;
haya -- there is.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu thus posed Himself as a disciple and accepted
Brahmananda Bharati as His spiritual master. He then said, "The disciple
is certainly defeated in an argument with the spiritual master."
Brahmananda Bharati immediately countered these words, saying, "This is
not the cause of Your defeat. There is another cause.
Madhya 10.174
TEXT 174
TEXT
bhakta thani hara' tumi, -- e tomara svabhava
ara eka suna tumi apana prabhava
SYNONYMS
bhakta thani -- in the presence of a devotee; hara' -- become defeated;
tumi -- You; e -- this; tomara -- Your; sva-bhava -- nature; ara --
another; eka -- one; suna -- hear; tumi -- You; apana prabhava -- Your
own influence.
TRANSLATION
"This is Your natural characteristic. You accept defeat at the hands of
Your devotee. There is is also another glory of Yours, which I ask You
to hear attentively.
Madhya 10.175
TEXT 175
TEXT
ajanma karinu muni 'nirakara'-dhyana
toma dekhi' 'krsna' haila mora vidyamana
SYNONYMS
a-janma -- since my birth; karinu -- have done; muni -- I; nirakara-
dhyana -- meditation on impersonal Brahman; toma dekhi' -- by seeing You;
krsna -- Lord Krsna; haila -- became; mora -- my; vidyamana --
experience.
TRANSLATION
"I have been meditating on the impersonal Brahman since my birth, but
since I have seen You, I have fully experienced Krsna."
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati admitted that when there is an argument between the
spiritual master and the disciple, the spiritual master is naturally
victorious, although the disciple may put forward a strong argument. In
other words, it is customary that the words of the spiritual master are
more worshipable than the words of a disciple. Under the circumstances,
since Brahmananda Bharati was in the position of a spiritual master, he
emerged victorious over Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who considered Himself
Brahmananda Bharati's disciple. However, Brahmananda Bharati reversed
the argument and took the position of a devotee, admitting that Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna. This
means that the Lord was voluntarily defeated out of affection for the
devotee. He was defeated voluntarily because no one can defeat the
Supreme Lord. Concerning this, the words of Bhisma in Srimad-Bhagavatam
are important:
sva-nigamam apahaya mat-pratijnam
rtam adhikartum avapluto ratha-sthah
dhrta-ratha-carano 'bhyayac caladgur
harir iva hantum ibham gatottariyah
"Fulfilling my desire and sacrificing His own promise, He got down from
the chariot, took up its wheel, and ran toward me hurriedly, just as a
lion goes to kill an elephant. He even dropped His outer garment on the
way." (Bhag. 1.9.37)
Krsna promised not to fight in the Battle of Kuruksetra, but in
order to break Krsna's promise, Bhisma attacked Arjuna in such a
vigorous way that Krsna was obliged to take up a chariot wheel and
attack Bhisma. The Lord did this to show that His devotee was being
maintained at the sacrifice of His own promise. Brahmananda Bharati said,
"Since the beginning of my life I was attached to impersonal Brahman
realization, but as soon as I saw You, I became very much attached to
the Personality of Godhead, Krsna." Therefore Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is
Lord Krsna Himself, and thus Brahmananda Bharati became His devotee.
Madhya 10.176
TEXT 176
TEXT
krsna-nama sphure mukhe, mane netre krsna
tomake tad-rupa dekhi' hrdaya -- satrsna
SYNONYMS
krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna; sphure -- is manifest; mukhe -
- in the mouth; mane -- in the mind; netre -- before the eyes; krsna --
the presence of Lord Krsna; tomake -- You; tat-rupa -- His form; dekhi' -
- I see; hrdaya -- my heart; sa-trsna -- very eager.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati continued, "Since I have seen You, I have been
feeling Lord Krsna's presence in my mind and have been seeing Him before
my eyes. I now want to chant the holy name of Lord Krsna. Over and above
this, within my heart I consider You to be Krsna, and I am therefore
very eager to serve You.
Madhya 10.177
TEXT 177
TEXT
bilvamangala kaila yaiche dasa apanara
ihan dekhi' sei dasa ha-ila amara
SYNONYMS
bilva-mangala -- Bilvamangala; kaila -- did; yaiche -- as; dasa --
condition; apanara -- his own; ihan -- here; dekhi' -- I see; sei dasa -
- that condition; ha-ila -- became; amara -- mine.
TRANSLATION
"Bilvamangala Thakura abandoned his impersonal realization for the
realization of the Personality of Godhead. I now see that my condition
is similar to his, for it has already changed."
PURPORT
In his early life, Bilvamangala Thakura was an impersonalist monist,
and he used to meditate upon the impersonal Brahman effulgence. Later he
became a devotee of Lord Krsna, and his explanation for this change is
given in a verse [text 178] that is quoted in Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu.
Gradually one comes to the stage of Bhagavan
realization, realization of the Supreme Person, after having attained
the lower stages of realization -- impersonal Brahman realization and
localized Paramatma realization. This is
described in Caitanya-candramrta (5) by Prabodhananda Sarasvati:
kaivalyam narakayate tridasa-pur akasa-puspayate
durdantendriya-kala-sarpa-patali protkhata-damstrayate
visvam purna-sukhayate vidhi-mahendradis ca kitayate
yat-karunya-kataksa-vaibhava-vatam tam gauram eva stumah
Kaivalya, oneness in the effulgence of Brahman, appears hellish to the
devotee. The heavenly planets, the abodes of the demigods, appear to a
devotee like phantasmagoria. The yogis meditate for sense control, but
for the devotee the senses appear like serpents with broken teeth. The
devotee doesn't have to control his senses, for his senses are already
engaged in the Lord's service. Consequently there is no possibility that
the senses will act like serpents. In the material condition, the senses
are as strong as poisonous snakes. When the teeth are broken,
the snake is
no longer dangerous. The entire world is a
replica of Vaikuntha for the devotee because he has no anxiety. He sees
that everything belongs to Krsna, and he does not want to enjoy anything
for himself. He does not even aspire for the position of Lord Brahma or
Indra. He simply wants to engage everything in the service of the Lord;
therefore he has no problem. He stands in his original constitutional
position. All this is possible when one receives Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu'
s merciful glance.
In the Caitanya-candramrta there are many more verses illustrating this
same principle.
dhik kurvanti ca brahma-yoga-vidusas tam gauracandram numah
tavad brahma-katha vimukta-padavi tavan na tiktibhavet
tavac capi visrnkhalatvam ayate no loka-veda-sthitih
tavac chastra-vidam mithah kalakalo nana-bahir-vartmasu
sri-caitanya-padambuja-priya-jano yavan na dig-gocarah
gauras caurah sakala-maharat ko 'pi me tivra-viryah
A discussion of the impersonal Brahman is not very palatable to a
devotee. The so-called regulations of the sastras also appear null and
void to him. There are many people who argue over the sastras, but for a
devotee such discussions are but tumultuous roaring. By the influence of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all these problems disappear.
Madhya 10.178
TEXT 178
TEXT
advaita-vithi-pathikair upasyah
svananda-simhasana-labdha-diksah
sathena kenapi vayam hathena
dasi-krta gopa-vadhu-vitena
SYNONYMS
advaita-vithi -- of the path of monism; pathikaih -- by the wanderers;
upasyah -- worshipable; sva-ananda -- of self-realization;
simhasana -- on the throne; labdha-diksah -- being initiated;
sathena -- by a cheater; kenapi -- some; vayam -- I; hathena -- by
force; dasi-krta -- made into a maidservant; gopa-vadhu-vitena -- by a
boy engaged in joking with the gopis.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati concluded, " 'Although I was worshiped by those on
the path of monism and initiated into self-realization through the yoga
system, I am nonetheless forcibly turned into a maidservant by
some cunning boy who is always joking with the gopis.' "
PURPORT
This is a verse written by Bilvamangala Thakura. It is found in
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (3.1.44).
Madhya 10.179
TEXT 179
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- krsne tomara gadha prema haya
yahan netra pade, tahan sri-krsna sphuraya
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; krsne -- unto Krsna;
tomara -- your; gadha -- deep; prema -- love; haya -- there is; yahan --
wherever; netra -- eyes; pade -- fall; tahan -- there; sri-krsna --
Lord Sri Krsna; sphuraya -- becomes manifest.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "You have a deep ecstatic love for
Krsna; therefore wherever your eyes turn, you simply heighten
your Krsna consciousness."
Madhya 10.180
TEXT 180
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe, -- donhara susatya vacana
age yadi krsna dena saksat darasana
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said; donhara -- of both; su-
satya -- correct; vacana -- statements; age -- first; yadi -- if; krsna -
- Lord Krsna; dena -- gives; saksat -- direct; darasana -- audience.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said, "Both Your statements are
correct. Krsna gives direct audience through His own mercy.
Madhya 10.181
TEXT 181
TEXT
prema vina kabhu nahe tanra saksatkara
inhara krpate haya darasana inhara
SYNONYMS
prema vina -- without ecstatic love; kabhu nahe -- there is never; tanra
-- His; saksatkara -- direct meeting; inhara krpate -- by the mercy of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; haya -- becomes possible; darasana -- visit;
inhara -- of Brahmananda Bharati.
TRANSLATION
"Without having ecstatic love for Krsna, one cannot see Him directly.
Therefore through the mercy of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Brahmananda
Bharati has acquired direct vision of the Lord."
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "You are Brahmananda Bharati, an advanced
devotee who ecstatically loves the Supreme Lord. Therefore you see Krsna
everywhere, and there is no doubt about it." Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was
a mediator between Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Brahmananda Bharati, and
his judgment was that an advanced devotee like Brahmananda Bharati sees
Krsna by Krsna's mercy. Krsna directly presents Himself before
the vision of an advanced devotee. Since Brahmananda Bharati was an
advanced devotee, he saw Krsna in the person of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
In the words of Brahma-samhita (5.38):
premanjana-cchurita-bhakti-vilocanena
santah sadaiva hrdayesu vilokayanti
yam syamasundaram acintya-guna-svarupam
govindam adi-purusam tam aham bhajami
"I worship the primeval Lord Govinda, who is always seen by the devotee
whose eyes are anointed with the pulp of love. He is seen in His eternal
form of Syamasundara situated within the heart of the devotee."
Madhya 10.182
TEXT 182
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- 'visnu' 'visnu', ki kaha sarvabhauma
'ati-stuti' haya ei nindara laksana
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; visnu visnu -- O Lord Visnu,
Lord Visnu; ki kaha -- what are you speaking; sarvabhauma --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; ati-stuti -- overly glorifying; haya -- is; ei -
- this; nindara laksana -- symptom of blasphemy.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, what are you
saying? Lord Visnu, save Me! Such glorification is simply another form
of blasphemy."
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was a little embarrassed by Bhattacarya's
statement; therefore He uttered the name Visnu to save Himself. The Lord
herein confirms that if one is overestimated, glorification is just
another form of blasphemy. In this way He protests this so-called
offensive statement.
Madhya 10.183
TEXT 183
TEXT
eta bali' bharatire lana nija-vasa aila
bharati-gosani prabhura nikate rahila
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; bharatire -- Brahmananda Bharati; lana --
taking with Him; nija-vasa aila -- returned to His own residence;
bharati-gosani -- Brahmananda Bharati; prabhura nikate -- in the shelter
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; rahila -- remained.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took Brahmananda Bharati with
Him to His residence. From that time on, Brahmananda Bharati remained
with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 10.184
TEXT 184
TEXT
ramabhadracarya, ara bhagavan acarya
prabhu-pade rahila dunhe chadi' sarva karya
SYNONYMS
ramabhadra-acarya -- Ramabhadra Acarya; ara -- and; bhagavan
acarya -- Bhagavan Acarya; prabhu-pade -- under the shelter of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; rahila -- remained; dunhe -- both of them; chadi' --
giving up; sarva karya -- all other responsibilities.
TRANSLATION
Later, Ramabhadra Acarya and Bhagavan Acarya also joined them, and,
giving up all other responsibilities, remained under Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's shelter.
Madhya 10.185
TEXT 185
TEXT
kasisvara gosani aila ara dine
sammana kariya prabhu rakhila nija sthane
SYNONYMS
kasisvara gosani -- another devotee; aila -- came; ara
dine -- next day; sammana kariya -- giving all respect; prabhu --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; rakhila -- kept; nija sthane -- at His own
place.
TRANSLATION
The next day, Kasisvara Gosani also came and remained with Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, who received him with great respect.
Madhya 10.186
TEXT 186
TEXT
prabhuke lana kara'na isvara darasana
age loka-bhida saba kari' nivarana
SYNONYMS
prabhuke -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; lana -- taking; kara'na -- helps in;
isvara darasana -- visiting Lord Jagannatha; age -- in front of; loka-
bhida -- crowds of people; saba -- all; kari' nivarana -- restraining.
TRANSLATION
Kasisvara used to usher Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu into the Jagannatha
temple. He would precede the Lord into the crowd and keep the people
from touching Him.
Madhya 10.187
TEXT 187
TEXT
yata nada nadi yaiche samudre milaya
aiche mahaprabhura bhakta yahan tahan haya
SYNONYMS
yata -- all; nada nadi -- rivers; yaiche -- as; samudre -- in the sea;
milaya -- meet; aiche -- similarly; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; bhakta -- devotees; yahan tahan -- wherever; haya -- they
were.
TRANSLATION
As all the rivers flow into the sea, all the devotees throughout the
country finally came to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's shelter.
Madhya 10.188
TEXT 188
TEXT
sabe asi' milila prabhura sri-carane
prabhu krpa kari' sabaya rakhila nija sthane
SYNONYMS
sabe -- all; asi' -- coming; milila -- met; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; sri-carane -- under the shelter; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; krpa kari' -- showing mercy; sabaya -- every one of them;
rakhila -- kept; nija sthane -- under His protection.
TRANSLATION
Since all the devotees came to Him for shelter, Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu showed them all mercy and kept them under His protection.
Madhya 10.189
TEXT 189
TEXT
ei ta' kahila prabhura vaisnava-milana
iha yei sune, paya caitanya-carana
SYNONYMS
ei ta' -- thus; kahila -- I have described; prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; vaisnava-milana -- meeting with all the Vaisnavas; iha --
this narration; yei -- anyone who; sune -- hears; paya -- gets; caitanya-
carana -- the shelter of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Thus I have described the meeting of all the Vaisnavas with Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Whoever hears this description ultimately attains
His shelter.
Madhya 10.190
TEXT 190
TEXT
sri-rupa-raghunatha-pade yara asa
caitanya-caritamrta kahe krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
sri-rupa -- Srila Rupa Gosvami; raghunatha -- Srila Raghunatha dasa
Gosvami; pade -- at the lotus feet; yara -- whose; asa -- expectation;
caitanya-caritamrta -- the book named Caitanya-caritamrta; kahe --
describes; krsnadasa -- Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami.
TRANSLATION
Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and Sri Raghunatha, always
desiring their mercy, I, Krsnadasa, narrate Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
following in their footsteps.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to the Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
Madhya-lila, Tenth Chapter, describing the Lord's meeting the Vaisnavas
upon His return to Jagannatha Puri from South India.
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Madhya 10: The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri
Chapter 10:
The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was traveling in South India, Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya had many talks with King Prataparudra. When Maharaja
Prataparudra requested the Bhattacarya to arrange an interview with the
Lord, the Bhattacarya assured him that he would try to do so as soon as
Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned from South India. When the Lord returned to
Jagannatha Puri from His South Indian tour, He lived at the home of Kasi
Misra. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya introduced many Vaisnavas to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu after His return. The father of Ramananda Raya, Bhavananda
Raya, offered another son named Vaninatha Pattanayaka for the Lord's
service. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu informed His associates about the
pollution of Krsnadasa brought about by his association with the
Bhattatharis, and thus the Lord proposed to give him leave. Nityananda
Prabhu sent Krsnadasa to Bengal to inform the Navadvipa devotees about
the Lord's return to Jagannatha Puri. All the devotees of Navadvipa thus
began arranging to come to Jagannatha Puri. At this time Paramananda
Puri was at Navadvipa, and immediately upon hearing news of the Lord's
return, he started for Jagannatha Puri accompanied by a brahmana named
Kamalakanta. Purusottama Bhattacarya, a resident of Navadvipa, was
educated at Varanasi. He accepted the renounced order from Caitanyananda,
but he took the name of Svarupa. Thus he arrived at the lotus
feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. After the demise of Sri Isvara Puri,
his disciple Govinda, following his instructions, went to serve Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Due to his relationship with Kesava Bharati, Brahmananda
Bharati was also respectfully received by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When
he arrived at Jagannatha Puri, he was advised to give up the deerskin
clothing he wore. When Brahmananda understood Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
correctly, he accepted Him as Krsna Himself. However, when Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya addressed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as Krsna, the Lord
immediately protested. In the meantime, Kasisvara Gosvami also came to
see Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In this chapter, devotees from many different
areas come to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and they are exactly like many
rivers that come from many places to finally flow into the sea.
Madhya 10.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
tam vande gaura-jaladam
svasya yo darsanamrtaih
vicchedavagraha-mlana-
bhakta-sasyany ajivayat
SYNONYMS
tam -- unto Him; vande -- I offer my respectful obeisances; gaura -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala-dam -- rain cloud; svasya -- of Himself; yah --
He who; darsana-amrtaih -- by the nectar of the audience; viccheda --
because of separation; avagraha -- scarcity of rain; mlana -- morose,
dried up; bhakta -- devotees; sasyani -- food grains; ajivayat -- saved.
TRANSLATION
I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who
is compared to a cloud that pours water on fields of grain, which are
like devotees suffering due to a shortage of rain. Separation from Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu is like a drought, but when the Lord returns, His
presence is like a nectarean rain that falls on all the grains and saves
them from perishing.
Madhya 10.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-caitanya jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-caitanya -- to Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- to Nityananda Prabhu;
jaya -- all glories; advaita-candra -- to Advaita Acarya; jaya -- all
glories; gaura-bhakta-vrnda -- to all the devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Caitanya! All glories to Nityananda Prabhu! All
glories to Advaitacandra! And all glories to all the devotees of Lord
Caitanya!
Madhya 10.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
purve yabe mahaprabhu calila daksine
prataparudra raja tabe bolaila sarvabhaume
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; yabe -- when; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
calila -- departed; daksine -- for His South Indian tour; prataparudra --
Prataparudra; raja -- the King; tabe -- at that time; bolaila -- called
for; sarvabhaume -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu departed for South India, King Prataparudra
called Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya to his palace.
Madhya 10.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
vasite asana dila kari' namaskare
mahaprabhura varta tabe puchila tanhare
SYNONYMS
vasite -- to sit; asana -- sitting place; dila -- offered; kari' --
doing; namaskare -- obeisances; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; varta -- news; tabe -- at that time; puchila -- inquired;
tanhare -- from him.
TRANSLATION
When Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya met with the King, the King offered him a
seat with all respects and inquired about news of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 10.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
sunilana tomara ghare eka mahasaya
gauda ha-ite aila, tenho maha-krpamaya
SYNONYMS
sunilana -- I have heard; tomara -- your; ghare -- at home; eka -- one;
mahasaya -- great personality; gauda ha-ite -- from Bengal; aila -- has
come; tenho -- He; maha-krpa-maya -- very merciful.
TRANSLATION
The King said to the Bhattacarya, "I have heard that a great
personality has come from Bengal and is staying at your home. I have
also heard that He is very, very merciful.
Madhya 10.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
tomare bahu krpa kaila, kahe sarva-jana
krpa kari' karaha more tanhara darsana
SYNONYMS
tomare -- unto you; bahu krpa -- great mercy; kaila -- showed; kahe --
says; sarva-jana -- everyone; krpa kari' -- being merciful; karaha --
arrange; more -- for me; tanhara -- His; darsana -- interview.
TRANSLATION
"I have also heard that this great personality has shown you great favor.
At any rate, this is what I hear from many different people. Now, being
merciful upon me, you should do me the favor of arranging an interview."
Madhya 10.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
bhatta kahe,-ye sunila saba satya haya
tanra darsana tomara ghatana na haya
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- the Bhattacarya replied; ye -- what; sunila -- you have
heard; saba -- all; satya -- true; haya -- is; tanra darsana -- His
interview; tomara -- of you; ghatana -- happening; na haya -- is not.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya replied, "All that you have heard is true, but as far as
an interview is concerned, it is very difficult to arrange.
Madhya 10.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
virakta sannyasi tenho rahena nirjane
svapneha na karena tenho raja-darasane
SYNONYMS
virakta -- detached; sannyasi -- in the renounced order; tenho -- He;
rahena -- keeps Himself; nirjane -- in a solitary place; svapneha --
even in dreams; na -- does not; karena -- do; tenho -- He; raja-darasane
-- interview with a king.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is in the renounced order and is very much
detached from worldly affairs. He stays in solitary places, and even in
dreams He does not grant interviews to a king.
Madhya 10.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
tathapi prakare toma karaitama darasana
samprati karila tenho daksina gamana
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- yet; prakare -- somehow or other; toma -- you; karaitama -- I
would have arranged; darasana -- interview; samprati -- recently; karila
-- has done; tenho -- He; daksina -- to the southern part of India;
gamana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
"Still, I would have tried to arrange your interview, but He has
recently left to tour South India."
Madhya 10.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
raja kahe,-jagannatha chadi' kene gela
bhatta kahe,-mahantera ei eka lila
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; jagannatha chadi' -- leaving the place of
Lord Jagannatha; kene gela -- why did He leave; bhatta kahe --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied; mahantera -- of a great person; ei --
this; eka -- one; lila -- pastime.
TRANSLATION
The King asked, "Why has He left Jagannatha Puri?"
The Bhattacarya replied, "
Such are the pastimes of a great personality.
Madhya 10.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
tirtha pavitra karite kare tirtha-bhramana
sei chale nistaraye samsarika jana
SYNONYMS
tirtha -- holy places; pavitra karite -- to purify; kare -- does; tirtha-
bhramana -- touring in places of pilgrimage; sei chale -- on that plea;
nistaraye -- delivers; samsarika -- conditioned; jana -- souls.
TRANSLATION
"Great saints go to holy places of pilgrimage in order to purify them.
For that reason Caitanya Mahaprabhu is visiting many tirthas and
delivering many, many conditioned souls.
Madhya 10.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
bhavad-vidha bhagavatas
tirthi-bhutah svayam vibho
tirthi-kurvanti tirthani
svantah-sthena gada-bhrta
SYNONYMS
bhavat -- your good self; vidhah -- like; bhagavatah -- devotees; tirthi
-- as holy places of pilgrimage; bhutah -- existing; svayam --
themselves; vibho -- O almighty one; tirthi-kurvanti -- make into holy
places of pilgrimage; tirthani -- the holy places; sva-antah-sthena --
being situated in their hearts; gada-bhrta -- by the Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"Saints of your caliber are themselves places of pilgrimage. Because
of their purity, they are constant companions of the Lord, and therefore
they can purify even the places of pilgrimage.'
PURPORT
This verse, spoken by Maharaja Yudhisthira to Vidura in Srimad-
Bhagavatam (1.13.10), is also quoted in the Adi-lila (1.63).
Madhya 10.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
vaisnavera ei haya eka svabhava niscala
tenho jiva nahena, hana svatantra isvara
SYNONYMS
vaisnavera -- of great devotees; ei -- this; haya -- is; eka -- one;
svabhava -- nature; niscala -- unflinching; tenho -- He; jiva --
conditioned soul; nahena -- is not; hana -- is; svatantra -- independent;
isvara -- controller.
TRANSLATION
"A Vaisnava travels to places of pilgrimage to purify them and reclaim
fallen conditioned souls. This is one of the duties of a Vaisnava.
Actually, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is not a living entity but the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Himself. Consequently, He is a fully independent
controller, yet in His position as a devotee, He carries out the
activities of a devotee."
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura points out that because there
are many permanent residents in holy places who do not precisely follow
the rules and regulations governing living in a sacred place, exalted
devotees have to go to these places to reclaim such persons. This is the
business of a Vaisnava. A Vaisnava is unhappy to see others materially
enmeshed. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu taught
these activities of a Vaisnava although He is the
worshipable Deity of all Vaisnavas, the complete and independent
Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is purnah suddho nitya-muktah --
complete, completely uncontaminated and eternally liberated. He is
sanatana, for He has no beginning or end.
Madhya 10.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
raja kahe,-tanre tumi yaite kene dile
paya padi' yatna kari' kene na rakhile
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; tanre -- Him; tumi -- you; yaite -- to go;
kene -- why; dile -- allowed; paya -- at His lotus feet; padi' --
falling; yatna kari' -- endeavoring very much; kene -- why; na -- not;
rakhile -- kept.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing this, the King replied, "Why did you allow Him to leave?
Why didn't you fall at His lotus feet and keep Him here?"
Madhya 10.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe,-tenho svayam isvara svatantra
saksat sri-krsna, tenho nahe para-tantra
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Sarvabhauma replied; tenho -- He; svayam --
personally; isvara -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svatantra --
independent; saksat -- directly; sri-krsna -- Lord Krsna; tenho -- He;
nahe -- is not; para-tantra -- dependent on anyone.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied, "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Himself and is completely independent. Being Lord
Krsna Himself, He is not dependent on anyone.
Madhya 10.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
tathapi rakhite tanre bahu yatna kailun
isvarera svatantra iccha, rakhite narilun
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- still; rakhite -- to keep; tanre -- Him; bahu -- various;
yatna -- endeavors; kailun -- I made; isvarera -- of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; svatantra -- independent; iccha -- desire;
rakhite -- to keep; narilun -- I was unable.
TRANSLATION
"Still, I endeavored very hard to keep Him here, but because He is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and completely independent, I was not
successful."
Madhya 10.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
raja kahe,-bhatta tumi vijna-siromani
tumi tanre krsna' kaha, tate satya mani
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; bhatta -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; tumi --
you; vijna-siromani -- the most experienced learned scholar; tumi -- you;
tanre -- Him; krsna kaha -- address as Lord Krsna; tate -- your
statement; satya mani -- I accept as true.
TRANSLATION
The King said, "Bhattacarya, you are the most learned and experienced
person I know. Therefore when you address Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as
Lord Krsna, I accept this as the truth.
PURPORT
This is the way to advance in spiritual science. One must accept the
words of an acarya, a bona fide spiritual master, to clear the path for
spiritual advancement. This is the secret of success. However, one's
guide must be a spiritual master who is actually an unalloyed devotee
strictly following the instructions of the previous acarya without
deviation. Whatever the spiritual master says must be accepted by the
disciple. Only then is success certain. This is the Vedic system.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was a brahmana and a realized soul, whereas
Prataparudra was a ksatriya. Ksatriya kings used to obey very faithfully
the orders of learned brahmanas and saintly persons, and in this way
they would rule their country. Similarly, vaisyas used to follow the
king's orders, and sudras used to serve the three higher castes. In
this way the brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras used to live
cooperatively, performing their respective duties. Consequently society
was peaceful, and people were able to discharge the duties of Krsna
consciousness. Thus they were happy in this life and able to return home,
back to Godhead.
Madhya 10.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
punarapi ihan tanra haile agamana
eka-bara dekhi' kari saphala nayana
SYNONYMS
punarapi -- again; ihan -- here; tanra -- His; haile -- when there is;
agamana -- arrival; eka-bara -- once; dekhi' -- seeing; kari -- I make;
sa-phala -- fruitful; nayana -- my eyes.
TRANSLATION
"When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returns, I wish to see Him just once
in order to make my eyes perfect."
Madhya 10.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe,-tenho asibe alpa-kale
rahite tanre eka sthana cahiye virale
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied; tenho -- He; asibe -
- will come; alpa-kale -- very soon; rahite -- to keep; tanre -- Him;
eka -- one; sthana -- place; cahiye -- I want; virale -- secluded.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya replied, "His Holiness Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu will return very soon. I wish to have a nice place ready for
Him, a place solitary and peaceful.
Madhya 10.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
thakurera nikata, ara ha-ibe nirjane
e-mata nirnaya kari' deha' eka sthane
SYNONYMS
thakurera nikata -- near the place of Lord Jagannatha; ara -- also; ha-
ibe -- must be; nirjane -- secluded; e-mata -- in this way; nirnaya kari'
-- considering carefully; deha' -- please give; eka sthane -- one place.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Caitanya's residence should be very secluded and also near the
temple of Jagannatha. Please consider this proposal and give me a nice
place for Him."
Madhya 10.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
raja kahe,-aiche kasi-misrera bhavana
thakurera nikata, haya parama nirjana
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King replied; aiche -- exactly like that; kasi-misrera
bhavana -- the house of Kasi Misra; thakurera nikata -- near Lord
Jagannatha; haya -- is; parama -- very; nirjana -- secluded.
TRANSLATION
The King replied, "Kasi Misra's house is exactly what you require. It is
near the temple and is very secluded, calm and quiet."
Madhya 10.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
eta kahi' raja rahe utkanthita hana
bhattacarya kasi-misre kahila asiya
SYNONYMS
eta kahi' -- saying this; raja -- the King; rahe -- remained; utkanthita
-- very anxious; hana -- being; bhattacarya -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya;
kasi-misre -- unto Kasi Misra; kahila -- said; asiya -- coming.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, the King became very anxious for the Lord to return.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya then went to Kasi Misra to convey the King's
desire.
Madhya 10.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
kasi-misra kahe,-ami bada bhagyavan
mora grhe prabhu-padera' habe avasthana
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra kahe -- Kasi Misra said; ami -- I; bada -- very;
bhagyavan -- fortunate; mora grhe -- in my home; prabhu-padera -- of the
Lord of the prabhus; habe -- there will be; avasthana -- staying.
TRANSLATION
When Kasi Misra heard the proposal, he said, "I am very fortunate that
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord of all prabhus, will stay at my home."
PURPORT
In this verse the word prabhupada, referring to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
is significant. Regarding this, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami
Prabhupada comments, "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Himself, Sri Krsna, and all His servants address Him as
Prabhupada. This means that there are many prabhus taking shelter under
His lotus feet." The pure Vaisnava is addressed as prabhu, and this
address is an etiquette observed between Vaisnavas. When many prabhus
remain under the shelter of the lotus feet of another prabhu, the
address Prabhupada is given. Sri Nityananda Prabhu and Sri Advaita
Prabhu are also addressed as Prabhupada. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Sri
Advaita Prabhu and Sri Nityananda Prabhu are all visnu-tattva, the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Visnu. Therefore all living
entities are under Their lotus feet. Lord Visnu is the eternal Lord of
everyone, and the representative of Lord Visnu is the Lord's
confidential servant. Such a person acts as the spiritual master for
neophyte Vaisnavas; therefore the spiritual master is as respectable as
Sri Krsna Caitanya or Lord Visnu Himself. For this reason the spiritual
master is addressed as Om Visnupada or Prabhupada. The acarya, the
spiritual master, is generally respected by others as Sripada, and the
initiated Vaisnavas are addressed as Prabhu. Prabhu, Prabhupada and
Visnupada are described in revealed scriptures like Srimad-Bhagavatam,
Caitanya-caritamrta and Caitanya-bhagavata. In this regard, these
scriptures present evidence accepted by unalloyed devotees.
The prakrta-sahajiyas are not even worthy of being called Vaisnavas.
They think that only caste gosvamis should be called Prabhupada. Such
ignorant sahajiyas call themselves vaisnava-dasa-anudasa, which means
the servant of the servant of the Vaisnavas [Cc. Madhya 13.80]. However,
they are opposed to addressing a pure Vaisnava as Prabhupada. In other
words, they are envious of a bona fide spiritual master who is addressed
as Prabhupada, and they commit offenses by considering a bona fide
spiritual master an ordinary human being or a member of a certain caste.
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura describes such sahajiyas as most
unfortunate. Because of their misconceptions, they fall into a hellish
condition.
Madhya 10.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
ei-mata purusottama-vasi yata jana
prabhuke milite sabara utkanthita mana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; purusottama-vasi -- the residents of Jagannatha
Puri; yata -- all; jana -- persons; prabhuke -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; milite -- to meet; sabara -- of everyone; utkanthita --
anxious; mana -- mind.
TRANSLATION
Thus all the residents of Jagannatha Puri, which is also known as
Purusottama, became anxious to meet Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu again.
Madhya 10.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
sarva-lokera utkantha yabe atyanta badila
mahaprabhu daksina haite tabahi aila
SYNONYMS
sarva-lokera -- of all people; utkantha -- anxieties; yabe -- when;
atyanta -- very much; badila -- increased; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; daksina haite -- from South India; tabahi -- at that very
time; aila -- returned.
TRANSLATION
When all the residents of Jagannatha Puri became extremely anxious to
meet the Lord again, He returned from South India.
Madhya 10.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
suni' anandita haila sabakara mana
sabe asi' sarvabhaume kaila nivedana
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; anandita -- happy; haila -- were; sabakara -- of
everyone; mana -- the minds; sabe asi' -- everyone coming; sarvabhaume --
unto Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; kaila -- did; nivedana -- submission.
TRANSLATION
Hearing of the Lord's return, everyone became very happy, and they all
went to Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya and spoke to him as follows.
Madhya 10.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
prabhura sahita ama-sabara karaha milana
tomara prasade pai prabhura carana
SYNONYMS
prabhura sahita -- with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ama-sabara -- of all of
us; karaha -- arrange; milana -- meeting; tomara -- your; prasade -- by
mercy; pai -- we get; prabhura carana -- the lotus feet of the Lord.
TRANSLATION
"Please arrange our meeting with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. It is only by
your mercy that we can attain the shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord."
Madhya 10.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
bhattacarya kahe,-kali kasi-misrera ghare
prabhu yaibena, tahan milaba sabare
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya kahe -- the Bhattacarya replied; kali -- tomorrow; kasi-
misrera ghare -- in the house of Kasi Misra; prabhu -- the Lord; yaibena
-- will go; tahan -- there; milaba sabare -- I shall arrange for a
meeting with all of you.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya replied to the people, "Tomorrow the Lord will be at the
house of Kasi Misra. I shall arrange for you all to meet Him."
Madhya 10.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
ara dina mahaprabhu bhattacaryera sange
jagannatha darasana kaila maha-range
SYNONYMS
ara dina -- the next day; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bhattacaryera sange -- with Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; jagannatha -- of
Lord Jagannatha; darasana -- visiting the temple; kaila -- did; maha-
range -- with great enthusiasm.
TRANSLATION
The next day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived and went with Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya, with great enthusiasm, to see the temple of Lord Jagannatha.
Madhya 10.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
maha-prasada diya tahan milila sevaka-gana
mahaprabhu sabakare kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
maha-prasada -- remnants of the food of Lord Jagannatha; diya --
delivering; tahan -- there; milila -- met; sevaka-gana -- the servants
of Lord Jagannatha; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sabakare --
unto all of them; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
All the servants of Lord Jagannatha delivered remnants of the Lord's
food to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In return, Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced
them all.
Madhya 10.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
darsana kari' mahaprabhu calila bahire
bhattacarya anila tanre kasi-misra-ghare
SYNONYMS
darsana kari' -- seeing Lord Jagannatha; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; calila -- departed; bahire -- outside; bhattacarya --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; anila -- brought; tanre -- Him; kasi-misra-
ghare -- to the house of Kasi Misra.
TRANSLATION
After seeing Lord Jagannatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu left the temple.
The Bhattacarya then took Him to the house of Kasi Misra.
Madhya 10.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
kasi-misra asi' padila prabhura carane
grha-sahita atma tanre kaila nivedane
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra -- Kasi Misra; asi' -- coming; padila -- fell down; prabhura -
- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carane -- at the lotus feet; grha-
sahita -- with his house; atma -- his personal self; tanre -- unto Him;
kaila -- did; nivedane -- submission.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at his house, Kasi Misra
immediately fell down at His lotus feet and surrendered himself and all
his possessions.
Madhya 10.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
prabhu catur-bhuja-murti tanre dekhaila
atmasat kari' tare alingana kaila
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; catur-bhuja-murti -- four-armed form;
tanre -- unto him; dekhaila -- showed; atmasat kari' -- accepting; tare -
- him; alingana kaila -- embraced.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then showed Kasi Misra His four-armed form. Then,
accepting him for His service, the Lord embraced him.
Madhya 10.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tahan vasila asane
caudike vasila nityanandadi bhakta-gane
SYNONYMS
tabe -- at that time; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tahan --
there; vasila -- sat down; asane -- on His seat; cau-dike -- on four
sides; vasila -- sat down; nityananda-adi -- headed by Lord Nityananda;
bhakta-gane -- all the devotees.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next sat down at the place prepared for Him, and
all the devotees, headed by Lord Nityananda Prabhu, surrounded Him.
Madhya 10.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
sukhi haila dekhi' prabhu vasara samsthana
yei vasaya haya prabhura sarva-samadhana
SYNONYMS
sukhi haila -- became very happy; dekhi' -- by seeing; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vasara -- of the residential quarters; samsthana --
situation; yei vasaya -- at which place; haya -- there is; prabhura --
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sarva-samadhana -- fulfillment of all
necessities.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very happy to see His residential quarters,
in which all His necessities were taken care of.
Madhya 10.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
sarvabhauma kahe,-prabhu, yogya tomara vasa
tumi angikara kara,-kasi-misrera asa
SYNONYMS
sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; kahe -- said; prabhu -- my dear
Lord; yogya -- just befitting; tomara -- Your; vasa -- residential
quarters; tumi -- You; angikara kara -- accept; kasi-misrera asa -- the
hope of Kasi Misra.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said, "This place is just befitting You. Please
accept it. It is the hope of Kasi Misra that You do."
Madhya 10.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-ei deha toma-sabakara
yei tumi kaha, sei sammata amara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; ei deha -- this body; toma-
sabakara -- belongs to all of you; yei -- whatever; tumi -- you; kaha --
say; sei -- that; sammata amara -- accepted by Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My body belongs to all of you. Therefore
I agree to whatever you say."
Madhya 10.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
tabe sarvabhauma prabhura daksina-parsve vasi'
milaite lagila saba purusottama-vasi
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma; prabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; daksina-parsve -- by the right side; vasi' --
sitting; milaite -- to introduce; lagila -- began; saba -- all;
purusottama-vasi -- residents of Purusottama (Jagannatha Puri).
TRANSLATION
After this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, sitting at the right hand of the
Lord, began to introduce all the inhabitants of Purusottama, Jagannatha
Puri.
Madhya 10.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
ei saba loka, prabhu, vaise nilacale
utkanthita hanache sabe toma milibare
SYNONYMS
ei saba loka -- all these people; prabhu -- my Lord; vaise -- reside;
nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; utkanthita hanache -- they have become
very anxious; sabe -- all; toma -- You; milibare -- to meet.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattacarya said, "My dear Lord, all these people who are residents
of Nilacala, Jagannatha Puri, have been very anxious to meet You.
Madhya 10.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
trsita cataka yaiche kare hahakara
taiche ei saba,-sabe kara angikara
SYNONYMS
trsita -- thirsty; cataka -- the cataka bird; yaiche -- just as; kare --
does; haha-kara -- vibration of disappointment; taiche -- similarly; ei
saba -- all of these; sabe -- all of them; kara angikara -- kindly
accept.
TRANSLATION
"In Your absence all these people have been exactly like thirsty cataka
birds crying in disappointment. Kindly accept them."
Madhya 10.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
jagannatha-sevaka ei, nama-janardana
anavasare kare prabhura sri-anga-sevana
SYNONYMS
jagannatha-sevaka -- servitor of Lord Jagannatha; ei -- this; nama --
named; janardana -- Janardana; anavasare -- during the time of
renovation; kare -- does; prabhura -- of the Lord; sri-anga -- of the
transcendental body; sevana -- service.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya first introduced Janardana, saying, "Here is
Janardana, servant of Lord Jagannatha. He renders service to the Lord
when it is time to renovate His transcendental body."
PURPORT
During Anavasara, after the Snana-yatra ceremony, Lord Jagannatha is
absent from the temple for fifteen days so He can be renovated. This
occurs annually. Janardana, who is here being introduced to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, was rendering this service at the time. The renovation of
Lord Jagannatha is also known as Nava-yauvana, which indicates that the
Jagannatha Deity is being fully restored to youth.
Madhya 10.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
krsnadasa-nama ei suvarna-vetra-dhari
sikhi mahati-nama ei likhanadhikari
SYNONYMS
krsnadasa -- Krsnadasa; nama -- named; ei -- this; suvarna --
golden; vetra-dhari -- carrier of the cane; sikhi mahati -- Sikhi Mahiti;
nama -- named; ei -- this; likhana-adhikari -- entrusted with writing.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued, "This is Krsnadasa, who carries a
golden cane, and here is Sikhi Mahiti, who is in charge of writing.
PURPORT
The person in charge of writing is also called deula-karana-
pada-prapta karmacari. He is employed especially to write a calendar
called Matala-panji.
Madhya 10.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
pradyumna-misra inha vaisnava pradhana
jagannathera maha-soyara inha dasa' nama
SYNONYMS
pradyumna-misra -- Pradyumna Misra; inha -- this person; vaisnava
pradhana -- chief of all the Vaisnavas; jagannathera -- of Lord
Jagannatha; maha-soyara -- great servitor; inha -- this; dasa nama --
designated as Dasa.
TRANSLATION
"This is Pradyumna Misra, who is chief of all Vaisnavas. He is a great
servitor of Jagannatha, and his name is Dasa.
PURPORT
In Orissa most of the brahmanas have the title Dasa. Generally it is
understood that the word dasa refers to those other than the brahmanas,
but in Orissa the brahmanas use the Dasa title. This is confirmed by
Culli Bhatta. Actually, everyone is dasa because everyone is a servant
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In that sense, the bona fide
brahmana has first claim to the appellation dasa. Therefore in this case
the designation dasa is not incompatible.
Madhya 10.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
murari mahati inha-sikhi-mahatira bhai
tomara carana vinu ara gati nai
SYNONYMS
murari mahati -- Murari Mahiti; inha -- this; sikhi-mahatira -- of Sikhi
Mahiti; bhai -- younger brother; tomara -- Your; carana -- lotus feet;
vinu -- without; ara -- any other; gati -- destination; nai -- he does
not have.
TRANSLATION
"This is Murari Mahiti, the brother of Sikhi Mahiti. He has nothing
other than Your lotus feet.
Madhya 10.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
candanesvara, simhesvara, murari brahmana
visnudasa,-inha dhyaye tomara carana
SYNONYMS
candanesvara -- Candanesvara; simhesvara -- Simhesvara; murari brahmana -
- the brahmana named Murari; visnudasa -- Visnudasa; inha -- all of
them; dhyaye -- meditate; tomara -- Your; carana -- on the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"Here are Candanesvara, Simhesvara, Murari Brahmana and Visnudasa. They
are all constantly engaged in meditating on Your lotus feet.
Madhya 10.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
prahararaja mahapatra inha maha-mati
paramananda mahapatra inhara samhati
SYNONYMS
prahararaja -- Prahararaja; mahapatra -- Mahapatra; inha --
this; maha-mati -- very intelligent; paramananda mahapatra --
Paramananda Mahapatra; inhara -- of him; samhati -- combination.
TRANSLATION
"This is Paramananda Prahararaja, who is also known as Mahapatra. He is
very, very intelligent.
PURPORT
Prahararaja is a designation given to brahmanas who represent the king
when the throne is vacant. In Orissa, between the time of a king's death
and the enthronement of another king, a representative must sit on the
throne. This representative is called Prahararaja. The Prahararaja is
generally selected from a family of priests close to the king. During
the time of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Prahararaja was Paramananda
Prahararaja.
Madhya 10.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
e-saba vaisnava-ei ksetrera bhusana
ekanta-bhave cinte sabe tomara carana
SYNONYMS
e-saba vaisnava -- all these pure devotees; ei ksetrera -- of this holy
place; bhusana -- ornaments; ekanta-bhave -- without deviation; cinte --
meditate; sabe -- all; tomara carana -- on Your lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"All these pure devotees serve as ornaments to Jagannatha Puri. They are
always undeviatingly meditating upon Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.48
TEXT 48
TEXT
tabe sabe bhume pade dandavat hana
saba alingila prabhu prasada kariya
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sabe -- all of them; bhume -- on the ground; pade --
fell down; danda-vat -- flat like rods; hana -- becoming; saba -- all of
them; alingila -- embraced; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prasada
kariya -- being very merciful.
TRANSLATION
After this introduction, everyone fell to the ground like rods. Being
very merciful upon them all, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced each
one of them.
Madhya 10.49
TEXT 49
TEXT
hena-kale aila tatha bhavananda raya
cari-putra-sange pade mahaprabhura paya
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; aila -- came; tatha -- there; bhavananda raya
-- Bhavananda Raya; cari-putra-sange -- with four of his sons; pade -
- fell down; mahaprabhura paya -- at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
At this time Bhavananda Raya appeared with four of his sons, and all
of them fell down at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
Bhavananda Raya had five sons, one of whom was the exalted personality
known as Ramananda Raya. Bhavananda Raya first met Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu after His return from South India. At that time Ramananda
Raya was still serving at his government post; therefore when Bhavananda
Raya went to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he went with his other four
sons. They were named Vaninatha, Gopinatha, Kalanidhi and Sudhanidhi. A
description of Bhavananda Raya and his five sons is given in the Adi-
lila (10.133–34).
Madhya 10.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
sarvabhauma kahe,-ei raya bhavananda
inhara prathama putra-raya ramananda
SYNONYMS
sarvabhauma kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued to speak; ei --
this person; raya bhavananda -- Bhavananda Raya; inhara -- his; prathama
putra -- first son; raya ramananda -- Ramananda Raya.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya continued, "This is Bhavananda Raya, the father
of Sri Ramananda Raya, who is his first son."
Madhya 10.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kaila alingana
stuti kari' kahe ramananda-vivarana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereupon; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto
him; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing; stuti kari' -- praising very
highly; kahe -- said; ramananda -- of Ramananda Raya; vivarana --
description.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Bhavananda Raya and with great respect
spoke of his son Ramananda Raya.
Madhya 10.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
ramananda-hena ratna yanhara tanaya
tanhara mahima loke kahana na yaya
SYNONYMS
ramananda-hena -- like Ramananda Raya; ratna -- jewel; yanhara -- whose;
tanaya -- son; tanhara -- his; mahima -- glorification; loke -- within
this world; kahana -- to describe; na -- not; yaya -- is possible.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu honored Bhavananda Raya by saying, "The glories
of a person who has a jewel of a son like Ramananda Raya cannot be
described within this mortal world.
Madhya 10.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
saksat pandu tumi, tomara patni kunti
panca-pandava tomara panca-putra maha-mati
SYNONYMS
saksat pandu -- directly Maharaja Pandu; tumi -- you; tomara -- your;
patni -- wife; kunti -- like Kuntidevi; panca-pandava -- five Pandavas;
tomara -- your; panca-putra -- five sons; maha-mati -- all highly
intellectual.
TRANSLATION
"You are Maharaja Pandu himself, and your wife is Kuntidevi herself. All
your highly intellectual sons are representatives of the five Pandavas."
Madhya 10.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
raya kahe,-ami sudra, visayi, adhama
tabu tumi sparsa,-ei isvara-laksana
SYNONYMS
raya kahe -- Bhavananda Raya replied; ami sudra -- I belong to the
fourth class of the social divisions; visayi -- engaged in mundane
affairs; adhama -- very fallen; tabu -- still; tumi -- You; sparsa --
touch; ei -- this; isvara-laksana -- sign of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
After hearing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's praise, Bhavananda Raya
submitted, "I am in the fourth class of the social order, and I engage
in mundane affairs. Although I am very fallen, You have still touched me.
This is proof that You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead."
PURPORT
As stated in the Bhagavad-gita (5.18):
vidya-vinaya-sampanne brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva sva-pake ca panditah sama-darsinah
"The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a
learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater [
outcaste]."
Those who are highly advanced in spiritual understanding do not care
about a person's material condition. A spiritually advanced person sees
the spiritual identity of every living being, and consequently he makes
no distinction between a learned brahmana, a dog, a candala or anyone
else. He is not influenced by the material body but sees a person's
spiritual identity. Consequently Bhavananda Raya appreciated Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's statement, which showed that the Lord did not
consider the social position of Bhavananda Raya, who belonged to the
sudra caste engaged in mundane activities. Rather, the Lord considered
the spiritual position of Bhavananda Raya, along with that of Ramananda
Raya and his brothers. The servant of the Lord is also similarly
inclined. He gives shelter to any person -- any living entity --
regardless of whether he belongs to a brahmana family or a candala
family. The spiritual master reclaims all people and encourages everyone
in spiritual life. By taking shelter of such a devotee, one can make his
life successful. As confirmed in Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.4.18):
kirata-hunandhra-pulinda-pulkasa
abhira-sumbha yavanah khasadayah
ye 'nye ca papa yad-apasrayasrayah
sudhyanti tasmai prabhavisnave namah
"Kiratas, Hunas, Andhras, Pulindas, Pulkasas, Abhiras, Sumbhas, Yavanas
and members of the Khasa races, and even others who are addicted to
sinful acts, can be purified by taking shelter of the devotees of the
Lord, due to His being the supreme power. I beg to offer my respectful
obeisances unto Him."
Whoever takes shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead or His pure
devotee is elevated to the spiritual order and purified from material
contamination. This is also confirmed by Krsna in the Bhagavad-gita (9.
32):
mam hi partha vyapasritya ye 'pi syuh papa-yonayah
striyo vaisyas tatha sudras te 'pi yanti param gatim
"O son of Prtha, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower
birth -- women, vaisyas [merchants] and sudras [workers] -- can
attain the supreme destination."
Madhya 10.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
nija-grha-vitta-bhrtya-panca-putra-sane
atma samarpilun ami tomara carane
SYNONYMS
nija -- own; grha -- house; vitta -- wealth; bhrtya -- servants; panca-
putra -- five sons; sane -- with; atma -- self; samarpilun -- surrender;
ami -- I; tomara -- Your; carane -- at the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
Appreciating Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's favor, Bhavananda Raya also said,
"Along with my home, riches, servants and five sons, I surrender myself
at Your lotus feet.
PURPORT
This is the process of surrender. As Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura sings:
manasa, deha, geha, yo kichu mora
arpilun tuya pade nanda-kisora!
(Saranagati)
When one surrenders unto the lotus feet of the Lord, he does so with
everything in his possession -- his house, his body, his mind and
whatever else he possesses. If there is any obstruction to this
surrendering process, one should immediately give it up without
attachment. If one can surrender with all his family members, there is
no need to take sannyasa. However, if the surrendering process is
hampered by so-called family members, one should immediately give them
up to complete the surrendering process.
Madhya 10.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
ei vaninatha rahibe tomara carane
yabe yei ajna, taha karibe sevane
SYNONYMS
ei vaninatha -- this Vaninatha; rahibe -- will remain; tomara carane --
at Your lotus feet; yabe -- when; yei -- whatever; ajna -- order; taha --
that; karibe -- will execute; sevane -- service.
TRANSLATION
"This son Vaninatha will remain at Your lotus feet to always immediately
attend to Your orders and serve You.
Madhya 10.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
atmiya-jnane more sankoca na karibe
yei yabe iccha, tabe sei ajna dibe
SYNONYMS
atmiya-jnane -- by considering as a relative; more -- me; sankoca --
hesitation; na -- do not; karibe -- do; yei -- whatever; yabe --
whenever; iccha -- Your desire; tabe -- then; sei -- that; ajna -- order;
dibe -- kindly give.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, please consider me Your relative. Do not hesitate to
order whatever You desire at any time You desire it."
Madhya 10.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-ki sankoca, tumi naha para
janme janme tumi amara savamse kinkara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; ki sankoca -- what hesitation; tumi --
you; naha -- are not; para -- outsider; janme janme -- birth after birth;
tumi -- you; amara -- My; sa-vamse -- with family members; kinkara --
servant.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Bhavananda Raya's offer, saying, "I
accept without hesitation because you are not an outsider. Birth after
birth you have been My servant, along with your family members.
Madhya 10.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
dina-panca-sata bhitare asibe ramananda
tanra sange purna habe amara ananda
SYNONYMS
dina-panca-sata -- five or seven days; bhitare -- within; asibe -- will
come; ramananda -- Ramananda; tanra sange -- with him; purna habe --
will be full; amara -- My; ananda -- pleasure.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Ramananda Raya is coming within five to seven days. As soon as he
arrives, My desires will be fulfilled. I take great pleasure in his
company."
Madhya 10.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
eta bali' prabhu tanre kaila alingana
tanra putra saba sire dharila carana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre --
unto him; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing; tanra putra -- his sons;
saba -- all; sire -- on the head; dharila -- kept; carana -- His feet.
TRANSLATION
Saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Bhavananda Raya. The Lord
then touched the heads of his sons with His lotus feet.
Madhya 10.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre ghare pathaila
vaninatha-pattanayake nikate rakhila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- him (
Bhavananda Raya); ghare -- to his home; pathaila -- sent back; vaninatha-
pattanayake -- Vaninatha Pattanayaka; nikate -- near; rakhila -- kept.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then sent Bhavananda Raya back to his home, and
He kept only Vaninatha Pattanayaka in His personal service.
Madhya 10.62
TEXT 62
TEXT
bhattacarya saba loke vidaya karaila
tabe prabhu kala-krsnadase bolaila
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; saba loke -- all persons; vidaya
karaila -- asked to leave; tabe -- at that time; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kala-krsnadase -- Kala Krsnadasa; bolaila -- called for.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya then asked all the people to leave. Afterward,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu called for Kala Krsnadasa, who had accompanied
the Lord during His South Indian tour.
Madhya 10.63
TEXT 63
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-bhattacarya, sunaha inhara carita
daksina giyachila inha amara sahita
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; bhattacarya -- My dear
Bhattacarya; sunaha -- just hear; inhara carita -- his character;
daksina giyachila -- went to South India; inha -- this man; amara sahita
-- with Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My dear Bhattacarya, just consider the
character of this man who went with Me to South India.
Madhya 10.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
bhattathari-kache gela amare chadiya
bhattathari haite inhare anilun uddhariya
SYNONYMS
bhattathari-kache -- in the association of the Bhattatharis; gela -- he
went; amare chadiya -- giving up My company; bhattathari haite -- from
the Bhattatharis; inhare -- him; anilun -- I brought; uddhariya -- after
rescuing.
TRANSLATION
"He left My company to associate with the Bhattatharis, but I rescued
him from their company and brought him here.
Madhya 10.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
ebe ami ihan ani' karilana vidaya
yahan iccha, yaha, ama-sane nahi ara daya
SYNONYMS
ebe -- now; ami -- I; ihan -- here; ani' -- bringing; karilana vidaya --
have asked to go away; yahan iccha -- wherever he likes; yaha -- go; ama-
sane -- with Me; nahi ara -- there is no more; daya -- responsibility.
TRANSLATION
"Now that I have brought him here, I am asking him to leave. Now he can
go wherever he likes, for I am no longer responsible for him."
PURPORT
Kala Krsnadasa was influenced and allured by nomads or gypsies, who
enticed him with women. Maya is so strong that Kala Krsnadasa left Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's company to join gypsy women. Even though a person
may associate with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he can be allured by maya
and leave the Lord's company due to his slight independence. Only one
who is overwhelmed by maya can be so unfortunate as to leave Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's company, yet unless one is very conscientious, the
influence of maya can drag one away, even though he be the personal
assistant of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. And what to speak of others? The
Bhattatharis used to increase their numbers by using women to allure
outsiders. This is factual evidence showing that it is possible at any
time to fall down from the Lord's association. One need only misuse his
little independence. Once fallen and separated from the Supreme
Personality of Godhead's association, one becomes a candidate for
suffering in the material world. Although rejected by Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, Kala Krsnadasa was given another chance, as the following
verses relate.
Madhya 10.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
eta suni' krsnadasa kandite lagila
madhyahna karite mahaprabhu cali' gela
SYNONYMS
eta suni' -- hearing this; krsnadasa -- Kala Krsnadasa; kandite lagila --
began to cry; madhyahna -- noon lunch; karite -- to execute; mahaprabhu
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cali' gela -- left.
TRANSLATION
Hearing the Lord reject him, Kala Krsnadasa began to cry. However, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, not caring for him, immediately left to take His
noon lunch.
Madhya 10.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
nityananda, jagadananda, mukunda, damodara
cari-jane yukti tabe karila antara
SYNONYMS
nityananda -- Lord Nityananda Prabhu; jagadananda -- Jagadananda;
mukunda -- Mukunda; damodara -- Damodara; cari-jane -- four persons;
yukti -- plan; tabe -- thereupon; karila -- did; antara -- within the
mind.
TRANSLATION
After this, the other devotees -- headed by Nityananda Prabhu,
Jagadananda, Mukunda and Damodara -- began to consider a certain plan.
PURPORT
Even though a person is rejected by the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
the devotees of the Lord do not reject him; therefore the Lord's
devotees are more merciful than the Lord Himself. Srila Narottama dasa
Thakura thus sings, chadiya vaisnava-seva nistara peyeche keba: one
cannot be relieved from the material clutches without engaging in the
service of pure devotees. The Lord Himself may sometimes be very hard,
but the devotees are always kind. Thus Kala Krsnadasa received the mercy
of the four devotees mentioned above.
Madhya 10.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
gauda-dese pathaite cahi eka-jana
ai'ke kahibe yai, prabhura agamana
SYNONYMS
gauda-dese -- to Bengal; pathaite -- to send; cahi -- we want; eka-jana -
- one person; aike -- mother Sacidevi; kahibe -- will inform; yai --
going; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; agamana -- arrival.
TRANSLATION
The Lord's four devotees considered, "We want a person to go to Bengal
just to inform Sacimata about Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's arrival at
Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
advaita-srivasadi yata bhakta-gana
sabei asibe suni' prabhura agamana
SYNONYMS
advaita -- Advaita Prabhu; srivasa-adi -- and all the devotees like
Srivasa; yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees; sabei -- all; asibe --
will come; suni' -- hearing; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
agamana -- arrival.
TRANSLATION
"After hearing news of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's arrival, devotees like
Advaita and Srivasa will certainly come to see Him.
Madhya 10.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
ei krsnadase diba gaude pathana
eta kahi' tare rakhilena asvasiya
SYNONYMS
ei -- this; krsnadase -- Kala Krsnadasa; diba -- away; gaude -- to
Bengal; pathana -- let us send; eta kahi' -- saying this; tare -- him;
rakhilena -- they kept; asvasiya -- giving assurance.
TRANSLATION
"Let us therefore send Krsnadasa to Bengal." Saying this, they kept
Krsnadasa engaged in the service of the Lord and gave him assurance.
PURPORT
Because Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu rejected him, Kala Krsnadasa became very,
very sorry and began to cry. Therefore the Lord's devotees took
compassion upon him, gave him assurance and encouraged him to continue
to engage in the Lord's service.
Madhya 10.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
ara dine prabhu-sthane kaila nivedana
ajna deha' gauda-dese pathai eka-jana
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- next day; prabhu-sthane -- before Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; nivedana -- submission; ajna deha' -- please
give permission; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; pathai -- we may send; eka-
jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
The next day, all the devotees asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "Please
give permission for a person to go to Bengal.
Madhya 10.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
tomara daksina-gamana suni' saci ai'
advaitadi bhakta saba ache duhkha pai'
SYNONYMS
tomara -- Your; daksina-gamana -- South Indian tour; suni' -- hearing;
saci ai -- mother Saci; advaita-adi -- Sri Advaita Prabhu and others;
bhakta -- devotees; saba -- all; ache -- remain; duhkha pai' -- in great
unhappiness.
TRANSLATION
"Mother Saci and all the devotees headed by Advaita Prabhu are all very
unhappy due to not receiving news about Your return from Your South
Indian tour.
Madhya 10.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
eka-jana yai' kahuk subha samacara
prabhu kahe,-sei kara, ye iccha tomara
SYNONYMS
eka-jana -- one person; yai' -- going; kahuk -- may inform; subha
samacara -- this auspicious news; prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; sei
kara -- do that; ye -- whatever; iccha -- desire; tomara -- your.
TRANSLATION
"One person should go to Bengal and inform them about the auspicious
news of Your return to Jagannatha Puri."
Upon hearing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Do whatever you
decide."
Madhya 10.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
tabe sei krsnadase gaude pathaila
vaisnava-sabake dite maha-prasada dila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; sei -- that; krsnadase -- Krsnadasa; gaude -- to
Bengal; pathaila -- sent; vaisnava-sabake -- to all the Vaisnavas; dite -
- to deliver; maha-prasada -- the remnants of Jagannatha's food; dila --
they gave.
TRANSLATION
In this way Kala Krsnadasa was sent to Bengal, and he was given
sufficient quantities of Lord Jagannatha's food remnants to distribute
there.
Madhya 10.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
tabe gauda-dese aila kala-krsnadasa
navadvipe gela tenha saci-ai-pasa
SYNONYMS
tabe -- then; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; aila -- came; kala-krsnadasa --
Kala Krsnadasa; navadvipe -- to Navadvipa; gela -- went; tenha -- he;
saci-ai-pasa -- before mother Saci.
TRANSLATION
Thus Kala Krsnadasa went to Bengal, and he first went to Navadvipa to
see mother Saci.
Madhya 10.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
maha-prasada diya tanre kaila namaskara
daksina haite aila prabhu,-kahe samacara
SYNONYMS
maha-prasada diya -- delivering the maha-prasadam; tanre -- unto
Sacimata; kaila namaskara -- he offered respects by bowing down; daksina
haite -- from the South India tour; aila -- came back; prabhu -- Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahe samacara -- he delivered this news.
TRANSLATION
Upon reaching mother Saci, Kala Krsnadasa first offered his obeisances
and delivered the food remnants [maha-prasadam]. He then informed her of
the good news that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had returned from His South
Indian tour.
Madhya 10.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
suniya anandita haila sacimatara mana
srivasadi ara yata yata bhakta-gana
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; anandita -- very happy; haila -- became; saci-matara -
- of mother Saci; mana -- mind; srivasa-adi -- headed by Srivasa; ara --
and others; yata yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees.
TRANSLATION
This good news gave much pleasure to mother Saci, as well as to all the
devotees of Navadvipa, headed by Srivasa Thakura.
Madhya 10.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
suniya sabara haila parama ullasa
advaita-acarya-grhe gela krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; sabara -- of all; haila -- there was; parama --
supreme; ullasa -- happiness; advaita-acarya -- of Advaita Acarya Prabhu;
grhe -- to the home; gela -- went; krsnadasa -- Krsnadasa.
TRANSLATION
Hearing of Lord Caitanya's return to Puri, everyone became very glad.
Krsnadasa next went to the house of Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
acaryere prasada diya kari' namaskara
samyak kahila mahaprabhura samacara
SYNONYMS
acaryere -- unto Sri Advaita Acarya; prasada -- the remnants of
Jagannatha's food; diya -- delivering; kari' -- making; namaskara --
obeisances; samyak -- completely; kahila -- informed; mahaprabhura -- of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samacara -- news.
TRANSLATION
After paying Him respectful obeisances, Krsnadasa offered maha-prasadam
to Advaita Acarya. He then informed Him of the news of Lord Caitanya in
complete detail.
Madhya 10.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
suni' acarya-gosanira ananda ha-ila
premavese hunkara bahu nrtya-gita kaila
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; acarya -- Advaita Acarya; gosanira -- of the spiritual
master; ananda ha-ila -- there was much jubilation; prema-avese -- in
great ecstasy; hunkara -- rumbling sound; bahu -- various; nrtya-gita --
chanting and dancing; kaila -- performed.
TRANSLATION
When Advaita Acarya Gosvami heard of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return,
He became very pleased. In His great ecstasy of love, He made a rumbling
sound and danced and chanted for a long time.
Madhya 10.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
haridasa thakurera haila parama ananda
vasudeva datta, gupta murari, sena sivananda
SYNONYMS
haridasa thakurera -- of Haridasa Thakura; haila -- was; parama --
topmost; ananda -- ecstasy; vasudeva datta -- Vasudeva Datta; gupta
murari -- Murari Gupta; sena sivananda -- Sivananda Sena.
TRANSLATION
Also hearing this auspicious news, Haridasa Thakura became very pleased.
So also did Vasudeva Datta, Murari Gupta and Sivananda Sena.
Madhya 10.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
acaryaratna, ara pandita vakresvara
acaryanidhi, ara pandita gadadhara
SYNONYMS
acaryaratna -- Acaryaratna; ara -- and; pandita vakresvara -- Vakresvara
Pandita; acaryanidhi -- Acaryanidhi; ara -- also; pandita gadadhara --
Gadadhara Pandita.
TRANSLATION
Acaryaratna, Vakresvara Pandita, Acaryanidhi and Gadadhara Pandita were
all very pleased to hear this news.
Madhya 10.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
srirama pandita ara pandita damodara
sriman pandita, ara vijaya, sridhara
SYNONYMS
sri-rama pandita -- Srirama Pandita; ara -- and; pandita damodara --
Damodara Pandita; sriman pandita -- Sriman Pandita; ara -- and; vijaya --
Vijaya; sridhara -- Sridhara.
TRANSLATION
Srirama Pandita, Damodara Pandita, Sriman Pandita, Vijaya and Sridhara
were also very pleased to hear it.
Madhya 10.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
raghava-pandita, ara acarya nandana
kateka kahiba ara yata prabhura gana
SYNONYMS
raghava-pandita -- Raghava Pandita; ara -- and; acarya nandana --
Nandana Acarya; kateka -- how many; kahiba -- shall I
describe; ara -- other; yata -- all; prabhura gana -- associates of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita, Nandana Acarya and all the devotees
became very satisfied. How many can I describe?
Madhya 10.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
suniya sabara haila parama ullasa
sabe meli' gela sri-advaitera pasa
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; sabara -- of everyone; haila -- there was; parama
ullasa -- great ecstasy; sabe meli' -- all together; gela -- went; sri-
advaitera pasa -- to the house of Sri Advaita Acarya.
TRANSLATION
Everyone was very pleased, and they all gathered
together at the house of Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
acaryera sabe kaila carana vandana
acarya-gosani sabare kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
acaryera -- of Advaita Acarya; sabe -- all; kaila -- did; carana vandana
-- offering obeisances at the lotus feet; acarya-gosani -- Advaita
Acarya; sabare -- to all; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees offered respectful obeisances at the lotus feet of
Advaita Acarya, and in return Advaita Acarya embraced them all.
Madhya 10.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
dina dui-tina acarya mahotsava kaila
nilacala yaite acarya yukti drdha kaila
SYNONYMS
dina dui-tina -- for two or three days; acarya -- Advaita Acarya;
mahotsava -- festival; kaila -- performed; nilacala -- to Jagannatha
Puri; yaite -- to go; acarya -- Advaita Acarya; yukti -- consideration;
drdha -- firm; kaila -- made.
TRANSLATION
Advaita Acarya then held a festival that lasted two or three days.
Thereafter, they all made a firm decision to go to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
sabe meli' navadvipe ekatra hana
niladri calila sacimatara ajna lana
SYNONYMS
sabe -- all; meli' -- meeting; navadvipe -- at Navadvipa; ekatra hana --
being together; niladri -- to Jagannatha Puri; calila -- departed; saci-
matara -- of mother Saci; ajna -- permission; lana -- taking.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees met together at Navadvipa and, with mother Saci's
permission, departed for Niladri, Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
prabhura samacara suni' kulina-grama-vasi
satyaraja-ramananda milila sabe asi'
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samacara -- news; suni' --
hearing; kulina-grama-vasi -- the inhabitants of Kulina-grama; satyaraja
-- Satyaraja; ramananda -- Ramananda; milila -- met; sabe -- all; asi' --
coming.
TRANSLATION
The inhabitants of Kulina-grama -- Satyaraja, Ramananda and all the
other devotees there -- came and joined Advaita Acarya.
Madhya 10.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
mukunda, narahari, raghunandana khanda haite
acaryera thani aila nilacala yaite
SYNONYMS
mukunda -- Mukunda; narahari -- Narahari; raghunandana -- Raghunandana;
khanda haite -- from the place known as Khanda; acaryera thani -- to
Advaita Acarya; aila -- came; nilacala yaite -- to go to Nilacala (
Jagannatha Puri).
TRANSLATION
Mukunda, Narahari, Raghunandana and all the others came from Khanda to
Advaita Acarya's home to accompany Him to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
se-kale daksina haite paramananda-puri
ganga-tire-tire aila nadiya nagari
SYNONYMS
se-kale -- at that time; daksina haite -- from the South; paramananda-
puri -- Paramananda Puri; ganga-tire-tire -- along the bank of the
Ganges; aila -- came; nadiya nagari -- to the town of Nadia.
TRANSLATION
At that time Paramananda Puri came from South India. Traveling
along the banks of the Ganges, he ultimately reached the town of Nadia.
Madhya 10.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
aira mandire sukhe karila visrama
ai tanre bhiksa dila kariya sammana
SYNONYMS
aira mandire -- at the house of Sacimata; sukhe -- in happiness; karila -
- took; visrama -- lodging; ai -- mother Saci; tanre -- unto him; bhiksa
dila -- gave boarding; kariya sammana -- with great respect.
TRANSLATION
At Navadvipa, Paramananda Puri took his board and lodging at the house
of Sacimata. She provided him with everything very respectfully.
Madhya 10.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
prabhura agamana tenha tahanni sunila
sighra nilacala yaite tanra iccha haila
SYNONYMS
prabhura agamana -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return; tenha -- he;
tahanni -- there; sunila -- heard; sighra -- very soon; nilacala -- to
Jagannatha Puri; yaite -- to go; tanra -- his; iccha -- desire; haila --
became.
TRANSLATION
While residing at the house of Sacimata, Paramananda Puri heard the news
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's return to Jagannatha Puri. He therefore
decided to go there as soon as possible.
Madhya 10.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
prabhura eka bhakta-'dvija kamalakanta' nama
tanre lana nilacale karila prayana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; eka bhakta -- one devotee; dvija
kamalakanta -- Dvija Kamalakanta; nama -- named; tanre -- him; lana --
accepting as his companion; nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; karila --
did; prayana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
There was a devotee of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's named Dvija Kamalakanta,
whom Paramananda Puri took with him to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
satvare asiya tenha milila prabhure
prabhura ananda haila pana tanhare
SYNONYMS
satvare -- very soon; asiya -- coming; tenha -- he; milila -- met;
prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; ananda -- happiness; haila -- was; pana -- getting; tanhare -
- him.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri very soon arrived at Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's place.
The Lord was very happy to see him.
Madhya 10.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
premavese kaila tanra carana vandana
tenha premavese kaila prabhure alingana
SYNONYMS
prema-avese -- in great ecstasy; kaila -- did; tanra -- his; carana
vandana -- worshiping the feet; tenha -- Paramananda Puri; prema-avese --
in great ecstasy; kaila -- did; prabhure -- unto Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
In the great ecstasy of love, the Lord worshiped the lotus feet of
Paramananda Puri, and in turn Paramananda Puri embraced the Lord in
great ecstasy.
Madhya 10.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-toma-sange rahite vancha haya
more krpa kari' kara niladri asraya
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; toma-sange -- with you;
rahite -- to stay; vancha haya -- I desire; more -- unto Me; krpa kari' -
- doing a favor; kara -- accept; niladri -- at Jagannatha Puri; asraya --
shelter.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Please stay with Me and thus show Me
favor, accepting the shelter of Jagannatha Puri."
Madhya 10.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
puri kahe,-toma-sange rahite vancha kari'
gauda haite cali' ailana nilacala-puri
SYNONYMS
puri kahe -- Paramananda Puri replied; toma-sange -- with You; rahite --
to stay; vancha kari' -- desiring; gauda haite -- from Bengal; cali' --
traveling; ailana -- I have come; nilacala-puri -- to Jagannatha Puri.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri replied, "I also wish to stay with You. Therefore I
have come from Bengal, Gauda, to Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
daksina haite suni' tomara agamana
saci anandita, ara yata bhakta-gana
SYNONYMS
daksina haite -- from South India; suni' -- hearing; tomara agamana --
Your return; saci -- mother Saci; anandita -- very happy; ara -- and;
yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees.
TRANSLATION
"At Navadvipa, mother Saci and all the other devotees were very glad to
hear about Your return from South India.
Madhya 10.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
sabe asitechena tomare dekhite
tan-sabara vilamba dekhi' ailana tvarite
SYNONYMS
sabe -- all; asitechena -- are coming; tomare -- You; dekhite -- to see;
tan-sabara -- of all of them; vilamba -- delay; dekhi' -- seeing; ailana
-- I have come; tvarite -- very quickly.
TRANSLATION
"They are all coming here to see You, but seeing that they were delayed,
I came alone very quickly."
Madhya 10.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
kasi-misrera avase nibhrte eka ghara
prabhu tanre dila, ara sevara kinkara
SYNONYMS
kasi-misrera -- of Kasi Misra; avase -- at the house; nibhrte --
solitary; eka -- one; ghara -- room; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
tanre -- unto Paramananda Puri; dila -- gave; ara -- and; sevara -- to
serve him; kinkara -- one servant.
TRANSLATION
There was a solitary room at Kasi Misra's house, and Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu gave it to Paramananda Puri. He also gave him a servant.
Madhya 10.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
ara dine aila svarupa damodara
prabhura atyanta marmi, rasera sagara
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- next day; aila -- came; svarupa damodara -- Svarupa Damodara;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; atyanta -- very; marmi --
intimate friend; rasera -- of transcendental mellows; sagara -- ocean.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara also arrived the next day. He was a very intimate
friend of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's, and he was an ocean of
transcendental mellows.
PURPORT
"Svarupa" is one of the names of a brahmacari in Sankaracarya's
disciplic succession. In the Vedic discipline there are ten names for
sannyasis, and it is customary for a brahmacari assisting a sannyasi of
the designation Tirtha or Asrama to receive the title Svarupa. Damodara
Svarupa was formerly a resident of Navadvipa, and his name was
Purusottama Acarya. When he went to Varanasi, he took sannyasa from a
sannyasi designated Tirtha. Although he received the title Svarupa in
his brahmacari stage, he did not change his name when he took sannyasa.
Actually as a sannyasi he should have been called Tirtha, but he chose
to retain his original brahmacari title of Svarupa.
Madhya 10.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
purusottama acarya' tanra nama purvasrame
navadvipe chila tenha prabhura carane
SYNONYMS
purusottama acarya -- Purusottama Acarya; tanra -- his; nama -- name;
purva-asrame -- in the previous asrama; navadvipe -- at Navadvipa; chila
-- was; tenha -- he; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carane --
at the feet.
TRANSLATION
When Svarupa Damodara was residing at Navadvipa under the shelter of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, his name was Purusottama Acarya.
Madhya 10.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
prabhura sannyasa dekhi' unmatta hana
sannyasa grahana kaila varanasi giya
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sannyasa dekhi' -- when he
saw the sannyasa order; unmatta hana -- he became just like a madman;
sannyasa grahana kaila -- he also accepted the renounced order of life;
varanasi -- to Varanasi; giya -- going.
TRANSLATION
After seeing that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the renounced order,
Purusottama Acarya became like a madman and immediately went to Varanasi
to take sannyasa.
Madhya 10.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
caitanyananda' guru tanra ajna dilena tanre
vedanta padiya padao samasta lokere
SYNONYMS
caitanya-ananda -- of the name Caitanyananda Bharati; guru -- spiritual
master; tanra -- his; ajna -- order; dilena -- gave; tanre -- to him;
vedanta padiya -- reading the Vedanta-sutra; padao -- teach; samasta --
all; lokere -- people.
TRANSLATION
At the conclusion of his sannyasa, his spiritual master, Caitanyananda
Bharati, ordered him, "Read the Vedanta-sutra and teach it to all others.
"
Madhya 10.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
parama virakta tenha parama pandita
kaya-mane asriyache sri-krsna-carita
SYNONYMS
parama -- very; virakta -- renounced; tenha -- he; parama -- great;
pandita -- learned scholar; kaya-mane -- with body and mind; asriyache --
took shelter of; sri-krsna-carita -- the Personality of Godhead Sri
Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was a great renunciant as well as a great learned
scholar. With heart and soul he took shelter of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, Sri Krsna.
Madhya 10.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
niscinte krsna bhajiba' ei ta' karane
unmade karila tenha sannyasa grahane
SYNONYMS
niscinte -- without disturbance; krsna -- Lord Krsna; bhajiba -- I shall
worship; ei -- for this; ta' -- certainly; karane -- reason; unmade --
ecstatic; karila -- did; tenha -- he; sannyasa -- the renounced order of
life; grahane -- taking.
TRANSLATION
He was very enthusiastic to worship Sri Krsna without disturbance,
and therefore, almost in madness, he accepted the sannyasa
order.
Madhya 10.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
sannyasa karila sikha-sutra-tyaga-rupa
yoga-patta na nila, nama haila svarupa'
SYNONYMS
sannyasa karila -- accepted the sannyasa order; sikha -- tuft of hair;
sutra -- sacred thread; tyaga -- giving up; rupa -- in the form of; yoga-
patta -- saffron-colored dress; na nila -- did not accept; nama -- name;
haila -- was; svarupa -- Svarupa.
TRANSLATION
Upon accepting sannyasa, Purusottama Acarya followed the regulative
principles by giving up his tuft of hair and sacred thread, but he did
not accept the saffron-colored dress. Also, he did not accept a sannyasi
title but remained as a naisthika-brahmacari.
PURPORT
There are regulative principles governing the renounced order. One has
to perform eight kinds of sraddha. One must offer oblations to one's
forefathers and perform the sacrifice of viraja-homa. Then one must cut
off the tuft of hair called a sikha and also give up the sacred thread.
These are preliminary processes in the acceptance of sannyasa, and
Svarupa Damodara accepted all these. However, Purusottama Acarya did not
accept the saffron color, a sannyasi name or a danda, and for this
reason he retained his brahmacari name. Actually Purusottama Acarya did
not accept the sannyasa order formally, but he renounced worldly life.
He did not want to be disturbed by the formality of the sannyasa order.
He simply wanted to worship Lord Sri Krsna without disturbance;
therefore with heart and soul he took up the renounced order but not the
formalities accompanying it. Renunciation means not doing anything but
serving the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna. When one acts on
this platform, trying to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one
is both a sannyasi and a yogi. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gita (6.
1):
sri-bhagavan uvaca
anasritah karma-phalam karyam karma karoti yah
sa sannyasi ca yogi ca na niragnir na cakriyah
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead said, One who is unattached to the
fruits of his work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced
order of life, and he is the true mystic, not he who lights no fire and
performs no work.'"
Madhya 10.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
guru-thani ajna magi' aila nilacale
ratri-dine krsna-prema-ananda-vihvale
SYNONYMS
guru-thani -- from his spiritual master; ajna magi' -- asking permission;
aila -- came; nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; ratri-dine -- day and
night; krsna-prema-ananda -- by ecstatic love of Krsna; vihvale --
overwhelmed.
TRANSLATION
After taking permission from his sannyasa-guru, Svarupa Damodara went to
Nilacala and accepted the shelter of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Then all
day and night, in ecstatic love of Krsna, he enjoyed transcendental
mellows in the loving service of the Lord.
Madhya 10.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
pandityera avadhi, vakya nahi karo sane
nirjane rahaye, loka saba nahi jane
SYNONYMS
pandityera avadhi -- the limit of learned scholarship; vakya nahi -- no
word; karo sane -- with anyone; nirjane -- in a solitary place; rahaye --
stays; loka -- people in general; saba -- all; nahi jane -- do not know.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was the limit of all learned scholarship, but he did
not exchange words with anyone. He simply remained in a solitary place,
and no one could understand where he was.
Madhya 10.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
krsna-rasa-tattva-vetta, deha-prema-rupa
saksat mahaprabhura dvitiya svarupa
SYNONYMS
krsna-rasa -- of transcendental mellows in relationship with Krsna;
tattva -- of the truth; vetta -- cognizant; deha -- body; prema-rupa --
personified prema; saksat -- directly; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; dvitiya -- second; svarupa -- representation.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara was the personification of ecstatic love, fully
cognizant of the transcendental mellows in relationship with Krsna. He
directly represented Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as His second expansion.
Madhya 10.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
grantha, sloka, gita keha prabhu-pase ane
svarupa pariksa kaile, pache prabhu sune
SYNONYMS
grantha -- scriptures; sloka -- verses; gita -- songs; keha -- anyone;
prabhu-pase -- to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ane -- brings; svarupa --
Svarupa Damodara; pariksa kaile -- after he examined; pache -- later;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sune -- hears.
TRANSLATION
If someone wrote a book or composed verses and songs and wanted to
recite them before Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Svarupa Damodara would first
examine them and then correctly present them. Only then would Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu agree to listen.
Madhya 10.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha, ara rasabhasa
sunite na haya prabhura cittera ullasa
SYNONYMS
bhakti-siddhanta -- conclusive statements about the science of
devotional service; viruddha -- opposing; ara -- and; rasa-abhasa --
overlapping of transcendental mellows; sunite -- to hear; na -- not;
haya -- becomes; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cittera -- of
the heart; ullasa -- jubilation.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was never pleased to hear books or verses
opposed to the conclusive statements of devotional service. The Lord did
not like hearing rasabhasa, the overlapping of transcendental mellows.
PURPORT
Bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha refers to that which is against the principle
of unity in diversity, philosophically known as acintya-bhedabheda --
simultaneous oneness and difference -- whereas rasabhasa is something
that may appear to be a transcendental mellow but actually is not.
Those who are pure Vaisnavas should avoid both these things opposed to
devotional service. These misconceptions practically parallel the
Mayavada philosophy. If one indulges in Mayavada philosophy, he
gradually falls down from the platform of devotional service. By
overlapping mellows (rasabhasa) one eventually becomes a prakrta-
sahajiya and takes everything to be very easy. One may also become a
member of the baula community and gradually become attracted to material
activities. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has therefore advised us to avoid
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha and rasabhasa. In this way the devotee can
remain pure and free from falldowns. Everyone should try to remain aloof
from bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha and rasabhasa.
Madhya 10.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
ataeva svarupa age kare pariksana
suddha haya yadi, prabhure kara'na sravana
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; age -- at first; kare -
- does; pariksana -- examination; suddha -- pure; haya -- is; yadi -- if;
prabhure -- unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kara'na -- causes;
sravana -- hearing.
TRANSLATION
It was the practice of Svarupa Damodara Gosvami to examine all
literatures to find out whether their conclusions were correct. Only
then would he allow them to be heard by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura says that if something impedes
the execution of devotional service, it should be understood to be
impure. Pure devotees of the Lord do not accept impure principles.
Impure devotees accept rasabhasa, or overlapping, contradictory mellows,
and other principles opposed to the bhakti path. The followers of such
impure principles are never accepted as pure devotees. There are many
parties following the path of rasabhasa, and the followers are sometimes
adored by ordinary men. Those who adopt the conclusions of rasabhasa and
bhakti-siddhanta-viruddha are never accepted as devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Svarupa Damodara Gosvami never approved such followers as
Gaudiya Vaisnavas, nor did he allow them even to meet the Supreme Lord,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 10.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
vidyapati, candidasa, sri-gita-govinda
ei tina gite kara'na prabhura ananda
SYNONYMS
vidyapati -- an old Vaisnava poet from the province of Mithila;
candidasa -- a Bengali Vaisnava poet born in the village of Nannura,
in the Birbhum district; sri-gita-govinda -- a celebrated poem by
Jayadeva Gosvami; ei -- these; tina -- three; gite -- songs; kara'na --
cause; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ananda -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara used to read the poems of Vidyapati and Candidasa
and Jayadeva Gosvami's Sri Gita-govinda. He used to make Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu very happy by singing these songs.
Madhya 10.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
sangite-gandharva-sama, sastre brhaspati
damodara-sama ara nahi maha-mati
SYNONYMS
sangite -- in music; gandharva-sama -- just like the Gandharvas; sastre -
- in discussions of the revealed scriptures; brhaspati -- like Brhaspati,
the priest of the heavenly demigods; damodara-sama -- equal to Svarupa
Damodara; ara -- anyone else; nahi -- there is not; maha-mati -- great
personality.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara was as expert a musician as the Gandharvas, and in
scriptural discussion he was just like Brhaspati, the priest of the
heavenly gods. Therefore it is to be concluded that there was no great
personality quite like Svarupa Damodara.
PURPORT
Svarupa Damodara Gosvami was very expert in music as well as the Vedic
scriptures. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to call him Damodara because of
his expert singing and musical skills. The name Damodara was given by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and added to the name given by his sannyasa-guru.
He was therefore known as Svarupa Damodara, or Damodara Svarupa. He
compiled a book of music named Sangita-damodara.
Madhya 10.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
advaita-nityanandera parama priyatama
srivasadi bhakta-ganera haya prana-sama
SYNONYMS
advaita -- of Advaita Acarya; nityanandera -- of Lord Nityananda Prabhu;
parama -- very; priya-tama -- dear; srivasa-adi -- beginning with
Srivasa; bhakta-ganera -- of the devotees; haya -- is; prana-sama --
exactly like the life and soul.
TRANSLATION
Sri Svarupa Damodara was very dear to Advaita Acarya and Nityananda
Prabhu, and he was the life and soul of all the devotees, headed by
Srivasa Thakura.
Madhya 10.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
sei damodara asi' dandavat haila
carane padiya sloka padite lagila
SYNONYMS
sei damodara -- that Svarupa Damodara; asi' -- coming; danda-vat haila --
fell flat to offer obeisances; carane padiya -- falling down at the
lotus feet; sloka -- a verse; padite lagila -- began to recite.
TRANSLATION
When Svarupa Damodara came to Jagannatha Puri, he fell flat
before the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, offering Him
obeisances and reciting a verse.
Madhya 10.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
heloddhunita-khedaya visadaya pronmilad-amodaya
samyac-chastra-vivadaya rasa-daya cittarpitonmadaya
sasvad-bhakti-vinodaya sa-madaya madhurya-maryadaya
sri-caitanya daya-nidhe tava daya bhuyad amandodaya
SYNONYMS
hela -- very easily; uddhunita -- driven away; khedaya -- lamentation;
visadaya -- which purifies everything; pronmilat -- awakening; amodaya --
transcendental bliss; samyat -- mitigating; sastra -- of revealed
scriptures; vivadaya -- disagreements; rasa-daya -- distributing all
transcendental mellows; citta -- in the heart; arpita -- fixed; unmadaya
-- jubilation; sasvat -- always; bhakti -- devotional service; vinodaya -
- stimulating; sa-madaya -- full of ecstasy; madhurya -- of conjugal
love; maryadaya -- the limit; sri-caitanya -- O Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; daya-nidhe -- ocean of mercy; tava -- Your; daya -- mercy;
bhuyat -- let it be; amanda -- of good fortune; udaya -- in which there
is awakening.
TRANSLATION
"O ocean of mercy, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! Let there be an awakening of
Your auspicious mercy, which easily drives away all kinds of material
lamentation by making everything pure and blissful.
Indeed, Your mercy awakens transcendental bliss and covers all
material pleasures. By Your auspicious mercy, quarrels and disagreements
arising among different scriptures are vanquished. Your auspicious mercy
pours forth transcendental mellows and thus causes the heart
to jubilate. Your mercy,
which is full of joy, always stimulates devotional service and
glorifies conjugal love of God. May transcendental bliss be awakened
within my heart by Your causeless mercy."
PURPORT
This important verse (Sri Caitanya-candrodaya-nataka 8.10)
specifically describes the Lord's causeless mercy. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Thakura explains that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is the most
magnanimous Personality of Godhead, distributes His causeless mercy in
three ways to the conditioned soul. Every living entity is morose in the
material world because he is always in want. He undergoes a great
struggle for existence and tries to minimize his miserable condition by
squeezing the utmost pleasure out of this world. But the living
entity is never successful in this endeavor. While in a miserable
condition, a person sometimes seeks the favor of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, but this is very difficult for materialistic people to
obtain. However, when one becomes Krsna conscious by the grace of the
Lord, the fragrance of the lotus feet of the Lord expands, and in this
way a materialist may gain freedom from his miseries. Actually his mind
is cleansed by his transcendental connection with the lotus feet of the
Lord. At such a time one is enlightened by the loving service of the
Lord.
There are many different kinds of scriptures, and by reading them one
often becomes puzzled. But when one receives the mercy of the Lord,
his confusion is mitigated. Not only are scriptural disparities resolved,
but a kind of transcendental bliss is awakened, and in this way one is
fully satisfied. The transcendental loving service of the Lord
constantly engages the conditioned soul in serving the Lord's lotus feet.
Through such fortunate engagement, one's transcendental love for Krsna
is increased. One's position is thus completely purified, and one is
filled with transcendental bliss accompanied by the spirit soul's
jubilation.
Thus the transcendental causeless mercy of Lord Krsna is manifested in
the heart of the devotee. At such a time, material needs no longer exist.
The lamentation that invariably accompanies material desires also
vanishes. By the grace of the Lord one is elevated to the transcendental
position, and then the transcendental mellows of the spiritual world are
manifested in him. One's devotional service then becomes firm, and one
engages in the Lord's transcendental loving service with great
determination. All these combine to fully awaken the devotee's heart
with love of Krsna.
In the beginning, a conditioned soul is bereft of Krsna consciousness
and is always morose in his material activities. Later, by associating
with a pure devotee, one becomes inquisitive to know the Absolute Truth.
In this way one begins to engage in the transcendental service of the
Lord. Next, by the Lord's grace all misconceptions are vanquished
and the heart is cleansed of all material dirt. It is only then that the
pleasure of transcendental bliss is awakened. By the Lord's mercy one is
completely convinced of the value of devotional service. When one can
see the pastimes of the Lord everywhere, he is firmly situated in
transcendental bliss. Such a devotee is relieved of all kinds of
material desires, and he preaches the glories of the Lord all over the
world. These Krsna conscious activities separate him from material
activities and the desire for liberation, because at every step the
devotee feels himself connected with the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Although such a devotee may sometimes be involved in household life, he
is untouched by material existence due to his constant engagement in
devotional service. Thus everyone is advised to take shelter of
devotional service to become happy and liberated.
Madhya 10.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
uthana mahaprabhu kaila alingana
dui-jane premavese haila acetana
SYNONYMS
uthana -- after raising him; mahaprabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
kaila -- made; alingana -- embracing; dui-jane -- two persons; prema-
avese -- in the ecstasy of love; haila -- became; acetana -- unconscious.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu raised Svarupa Damodara to his feet and embraced
him. They both became ecstatic in love and fell unconscious.
Madhya 10.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
kata-ksane dui jane sthira yabe haila
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kahite lagila
SYNONYMS
kata-ksane -- after some time; dui jane -- both persons; sthira --
patient; yabe -- when; haila -- became; tabe -- at that time; mahaprabhu
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto him; kahite -- to speak;
lagila -- began.
TRANSLATION
After they had regained their patience, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
began to speak.
Madhya 10.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
tumi ye asibe, aji svapnete dekhila
bhala haila, andha yena dui netra paila
SYNONYMS
tumi -- you; ye -- that; asibe -- will come; aji -- today; svapnete --
in dream; dekhila -- I saw; bhala haila -- it is very good; andha -- a
blind man; yena -- as if; dui -- two; netra -- eyes; paila -- got back.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I saw in a dream that you were coming,
and so this is very auspicious. I have been like a blind man, but your
coming here restores My vision."
Madhya 10.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
svarupa kahe,-prabhu, mora ksama' aparadha
toma chadi' anyatra genu, karinu pramada
SYNONYMS
svarupa kahe -- Svarupa Damodara said; prabhu -- my Lord; mora -- my;
ksama' -- please excuse; aparadha -- offense; toma -- You; chadi' --
giving up; anyatra -- elsewhere; genu -- I went; karinu -- I have done;
pramada -- great mistake.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa said, "My dear Lord, please excuse my offense. I gave up Your
company to go elsewhere, and that was my great mistake.
Madhya 10.124
TEXT 124
TEXT
tomara carane mora nahi prema-lesa
toma chadi' papi muni genu anya desa
SYNONYMS
tomara carane -- for Your lotus feet; mora -- my; nahi -- there is not;
prema-lesa -- a trace of love; toma -- You; chadi' -- giving up; papi --
sinful; muni -- I; genu -- went; anya desa -- to another country.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, I do not possess even a trace of love for Your lotus
feet. If I did, how could I have gone to another country? I am therefore
a most sinful man.
Madhya 10.125
TEXT 125
TEXT
muni toma chadila, tumi more na chadila
krpa-pasa gale bandhi' carane anila
SYNONYMS
muni -- I; toma -- You; chadila -- gave up; tumi -- You; more -- me; na -
- did not; chadila -- give up; krpa -- of mercy; pasa -- by the rope;
gale -- by the neck; bandhi' -- binding; carane -- at Your lotus feet;
anila -- You brought back.
TRANSLATION
"I gave up Your company, but You did not give me up. By Your
rope of mercy You have bound me by the neck and brought me back again to
Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.126
TEXT 126
TEXT
tabe svarupa kaila nitaira carana vandana
nityananda-prabhu kaila prema-alingana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; kaila -- did; nitaira --
of Nityananda Prabhu; carana -- of the lotus feet; vandana -- worship;
nityananda-prabhu -- Lord Nityananda; kaila -- did; prema-alingana --
embracing in love.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara then worshiped the lotus feet of Nityananda Prabhu, and
Nityananda Prabhu in turn embraced him in the ecstasy of love.
Madhya 10.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
jagadananda, mukunda, sankara, sarvabhauma
saba-sange yatha-yogya karila milana
SYNONYMS
jagadananda -- Jagadananda; mukunda -- Mukunda; sankara -- Sankara;
sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma; saba-sange -- with all; yatha-yogya -- as is
befitting; karila -- did; milana -- meeting.
TRANSLATION
After worshiping Nityananda Prabhu, Svarupa Damodara met Jagadananda,
Mukunda, Sankara and Sarvabhauma, as was befitting.
Madhya 10.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
paramananda purira kaila carana vandana
puri-gosani tanre kaila prema-alingana
SYNONYMS
paramananda purira -- of Paramananda Puri; kaila -- he did; carana
vandana -- worshiping the lotus feet; puri-gosani -- Paramananda Puri;
tanre -- unto him; kaila -- did; prema-alingana -- embracing in love.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara also offered his worshipful prayers at the lotus feet
of Paramananda Puri, who, in return, embraced him in ecstatic love.
Madhya 10.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
mahaprabhu dila tanre nibhrte vasa-ghara
jaladi-paricarya lagi' dila eka kinkara
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dila -- gave; tanre -- unto him;
nibhrte -- in a solitary place; vasa-ghara -- residential quarters; jala-
adi -- supplying water, etc.; paricarya -- service; lagi' -- for the
purpose of; dila -- gave; eka -- one; kinkara -- servant.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then gave Svarupa Damodara residence in a
solitary place and ordered a servant to serve him with a supply of
water and other necessities.
Madhya 10.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
ara dina sarvabhauma-adi bhakta-sange
vasiya achena mahaprabhu krsna-katha-range
SYNONYMS
ara dina -- the next day; sarvabhauma-adi -- headed by Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya; bhakta-sange -- with the devotees; vasiya achena -- was
sitting; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-katha-range --
engaged in discussions of topics concerning Krsna.
TRANSLATION
The next day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu sat with all the devotees, headed
by Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, and they discussed the pastimes of Krsna.
Madhya 10.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
hena-kale govindera haila agamana
dandavat kari' kahe vinaya-vacana
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at that time; govindera -- of Govinda; haila -- there was;
agamana -- arrival; dandavat kari' -- offering obeisances; kahe -- says;
vinaya-vacana -- submissive words.
TRANSLATION
At that time Govinda appeared on the scene, offered his respectful
obeisances and spoke submissively.
Madhya 10.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
isvara-purira bhrtya,-'govinda' mora nama
puri-gosanira ajnaya ainu tomara sthana
SYNONYMS
isvara-purira bhrtya -- servant of Isvara Puri; govinda mora nama -- my
name is Govinda; puri-gosanira -- of Isvara Puri; ajnaya -- on the order;
ainu -- I have come; tomara -- to Your; sthana -- place.
TRANSLATION
"I am the servant of Isvara Puri. My name is Govinda, and following the
orders of my spiritual master, I have come here.
Madhya 10.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
siddha-prapti-kale gosani ajna kaila more
krsna-caitanya-nikate rahi seviha tanhare
SYNONYMS
siddhi-prapti-kale -- at the time of his departure from this mortal
world to achieve the highest perfection of life; gosani -- my spiritual
master; ajna -- order; kaila -- made; more -- unto me; krsna-caitanya-
nikate -- at the place of Sri Krsna Caitanya; rahi -- remaining; seviha -
- render service; tanhare -- unto Him.
TRANSLATION
"Just before his departure from this mortal world to attain the highest
perfection, Isvara Puri told me that I should go to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and render service unto Him.
Madhya 10.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
kasisvara asibena saba tirtha dekhiya
prabhu-ajnaya muni ainu toma-pade dhana
SYNONYMS
kasisvara -- Kasisvara; asibena -- will come; saba -- all; tirtha --
holy places; dekhiya -- visiting; prabhu-ajnaya -- under the order of my
spiritual master; muni -- I; ainu -- have come; toma -- to Your; pade --
lotus feet; dhana -- running.
TRANSLATION
"Kasisvara will also come here after visiting all the holy places.
However, following the orders of my spiritual master, I have hastily
come to be present at Your lotus feet."
Madhya 10.135
TEXT 135
TEXT
gosani kahila, purisvara' vatsalya kare more
krpa kari' mora thani pathaila tomare
SYNONYMS
gosani kahila -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; purisvara -- Isvara
Puri; vatsalya -- paternal affection; kare -- does; more -- unto Me;
krpa kari' -- being merciful; mora thani -- to My place; pathaila --
sent; tomare -- you.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "My spiritual master, Isvara Puri,
always favors Me with paternal affection. Therefore, out of his
causeless mercy, he has sent you here."
Madhya 10.136
TEXT 136
TEXT
eta suni' sarvabhauma prabhure puchila
puri-gosani sudra-sevaka kanhe ta' rakhila
SYNONYMS
eta suni' -- hearing this; sarvabhauma -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya;
prabhure -- unto the Lord; puchila -- inquired; puri-gosani -- Isvara
Puri; sudra-sevaka -- a servant who is a sudra; kanhe ta' -- why;
rakhila -- kept.
TRANSLATION
After hearing this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya asked Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, "Why did Isvara Puri keep a servant who comes from a sudra
family?"
PURPORT
Both Kasisvara and Govinda were personal servants of Isvara Puri. After
Isvara Puri's demise, Kasisvara went to visit all the holy places of
India. Following the orders of his spiritual master, Govinda immediately
went to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for shelter. Govinda came from a sudra
family, but because he was initiated by Isvara Puri, he was certainly a
brahmana. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya here asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu why
Isvara Puri accepted a disciple from a sudra family. According to the
smrti-sastra, which gives directions for the management of the
varnasrama institution, a brahmana cannot accept a disciple from the
lower castes. In other words, a ksatriya, vaisya or sudra cannot be
accepted as a servant. If a spiritual master accepts such a person, he
is contaminated. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya therefore asked why Isvara Puri
accepted a servant or disciple born of a sudra family.
In answer to this question, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied that His
spiritual master, Isvara Puri, was so empowered that he was as good as
the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As such, Isvara Puri was the
spiritual master of the whole world. He was not a servant of any mundane
rule or regulation. An empowered spiritual master like Isvara Puri can
bestow his mercy upon anyone, irrespective of caste or creed. The
conclusion is that an empowered spiritual master is authorized by Krsna
and his own guru and should therefore be considered as good as
the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the verdict of
Visvanatha Cakravarti: saksad-dharitvena. An authorized
spiritual master is as good as Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
As Hari is free to act as He likes, the empowered spiritual master is
also free. As Hari is not subject to mundane rules and
regulations, the spiritual master empowered by Him is also not subject.
According to the Caitanya-caritamrta (Antya-lila 7.11), krsna-sakti
vina nahe tara pravartana. An authorized spiritual master empowered by
Krsna can spread the glories of the holy name of the Lord, for he has
power of attorney from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the
mundane world, anyone possessing his master's power of attorney can act
on behalf of his master. Similarly, a spiritual master empowered by
Krsna through his own bona fide spiritual master should be considered as
good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the meaning
of saksad-dharitvena. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu therefore describes the
activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the bona fide
spiritual master as follows.
Madhya 10.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-isvara haya parama svatantra
isvarera krpa nahe veda-paratantra
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; isvara -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead or Isvara Puri; haya -- is; parama -- supremely;
svatantra -- independent; isvarera -- of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead or of Isvara Puri; krpa -- the mercy; nahe -- is not; veda-
paratantra -- subject to the Vedic rules.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Both the Supreme Personality of Godhead
and My spiritual master, Isvara Puri, are completely independent.
Therefore neither the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead nor
that of Isvara Puri is subject to any Vedic rules and
regulations.
Madhya 10.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
isvarera krpa jati-kuladi na mane
vidurera ghare krsna karila bhojane
SYNONYMS
isvarera krpa -- the mercy of the Lord; jati -- caste; kula-adi --
family, etc.; na mane -- does not obey; vidurera -- of Vidura; ghare --
at the home; krsna -- Lord Krsna; karila -- did; bhojane -- eating.
TRANSLATION
"The mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is not restricted to
the jurisdiction of caste and creed. Vidura was a sudra, yet Krsna
accepted lunch at his home.
Madhya 10.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
sneha-lesapeksa matra sri-krsna-krpara
sneha-vasa hana kare svatantra acara
SYNONYMS
sneha -- of affection; lesa -- on a trace; apeksa -- reliance; matra --
only; sri-krsna -- of Lord Sri Krsna; krpara -- of the mercy; sneha-vasa
-- obliged by affection; hana -- being; kare -- does; svatantra --
independent; acara -- behavior.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Krsna's mercy is dependent only on affection. Being obliged only
by affection, Lord Krsna acts very independently.
PURPORT
Lord Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is merciful, but His
mercy does not depend on mundane rules and regulations. He is dependent
only on affection and nothing else. Service to Lord Krsna can be
rendered in two ways. One can serve the Lord in affection or in
veneration. When service is rendered in affection, it is the Lord's
special mercy. When service is rendered in veneration, it is doubtful
whether Krsna's mercy is actually involved. If Krsna's mercy is there,
it is not dependent on any prescribed caste or creed. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu wanted to inform Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya that Lord Krsna is
the spiritual master of everyone, and He does not care for mundane caste
or creed. Therefore Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu cited the example of Lord
Krsna's accepting food at the house of Vidura, who was a sudra by birth.
By the same token, Isvara Puri, an empowered spiritual master, could
show mercy to anyone. As such, he accepted Govinda, although the boy was
born in a sudra family. When Govinda was initiated, he became a brahmana
and was accepted as Isvara Puri's personal servant. In the Hari-bhakti-
vilasa, Sri Sanatana Gosvami states that one who is initiated by a
bona fide spiritual master immediately becomes a brahmana. A pseudo
spiritual master cannot transform a person into a brahmana, but an
authorized spiritual master can do so. This is the verdict of sastra,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and all the Gosvamis.
Madhya 10.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
maryada haite koti sukha sneha-acarane
paramananda haya yara nama-sravane
SYNONYMS
maryada haite -- greater than veneration and awe; koti -- millions of
times; sukha -- happiness; sneha -- with affection; acarane -- in
dealings; parama-ananda -- transcendental bliss; haya -- there is; yara -
- whose; nama -- holy name; sravane -- by hearing.
TRANSLATION
"In conclusion, dealings in affection with the Supreme Personality of
Godhead bring happiness many millions of times greater than dealings
with Him in awe and veneration. Simply by hearing the holy name of the
Lord, the devotee is merged in transcendental bliss."
Madhya 10.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
eta bali' govindere kaila alingana
govinda karila prabhura carana vandana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; govindere -- unto Govinda; kaila -- did;
alingana -- embracing; govinda -- Govinda; karila -- did; prabhura -- of
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana vandana -- worshiping the lotus
feet.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Govinda, and Govinda
in turn offered his respectful obeisances unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
lotus feet.
Madhya 10.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-bhattacarya, karaha vicara
gurura kinkara haya manya se amara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; bhattacarya -- My dear
Bhattacarya; karaha vicara -- just consider; gurura kinkara -- the
servant of the spiritual master; haya -- is; manya -- respectable; se --
he; amara -- to Me.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then continued speaking to Sarvabhauma
Bhattacarya: "Consider this point. The servant of the spiritual master
is always respectable for Me.
Madhya 10.143
TEXT 143
TEXT
tanhare apana-seva karaite na yuyaya
guru ajna diyachena, ki kari upaya
SYNONYMS
tanhare -- him; apana-seva -- personal service; karaite -- to engage to
do; na yuyaya -- is not befitting; guru -- the spiritual master; ajna --
order; diyachena -- has given; ki -- what; kari -- can I do; upaya --
remedy.
TRANSLATION
"As such, it is not befitting that the guru's servant should engage in
My personal service. Yet My spiritual master has given this order. What
shall I do?"
PURPORT
A guru's servants or disciples are all Godbrothers to
one another, and as such they should all respect one another as
prabhu, or master. No one should disrespect his Godbrother. For this
reason Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya what to do
about Govinda. Govinda was the personal servant of Isvara Puri, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's spiritual master, and now Isvara Puri had ordered
Govinda to become Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's personal servant. So what
was to be done? This was the inquiry Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu placed
before Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, an experienced friend.
Madhya 10.144
TEXT 144
TEXT
bhatta kahe,-gurura ajna haya balavan
guru-ajna na langhiye, sastra-pramana
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said; gurura ajna -- the order of
the spiritual master; haya -- is; balavan -- strong; guru-ajna -- the
order of the spiritual master; na -- not; langhiye -- we can disobey;
sastra -- scriptural; pramana -- injunction.
TRANSLATION
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said, "The order of the spiritual master is very
strong and cannot be disobeyed. That is the injunction of the sastras,
the revealed scriptures.
Madhya 10.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
sa susruvan matari bhargavena
pitur niyogat prahrtam dvisad-vat
pratyagrhid agraja-sasanam tad
ajna gurunam hy avicaraniya
SYNONYMS
sah -- He (Laksmana, the brother of Lord Ramacandra); susruvan
-- hearing; matari -- unto the mother; bhargavena -- by Parasurama;
pituh -- of the father; niyogat -- by the order; prahrtam -- killing;
dvisat-vat -- like an enemy; pratyagrhit -- accepted; agraja-sasanam --
the order of the elder brother; tat -- that; ajna -- order; gurunam --
of superior persons, such as the spiritual master or father; hi --
because; avicaraniya -- to be obeyed without consideration.
TRANSLATION
"Being ordered by his father, Parasurama killed his mother, Renuka,
just as if she were an enemy. When Laksmana, the younger brother of Lord
Ramacandra, heard of this, He immediately engaged Himself in the service
of His elder brother and accepted His orders. The order of the spiritual
master must be obeyed without consideration.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Raghu-vamsa (14.46). Lord
Ramacandra's statement to Sita given below is from the Ramayana (Ayodhya-
kanda 22.9).
Madhya 10.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
nirvicaram guror ajna
maya karya mahatmanah
sreyo hy evam bhavatyas ca
mama caiva visesatah
SYNONYMS
nirvicaram -- to be obeyed without consideration; guroh -- of the
spiritual master; ajna -- the order; maya -- by Me; karya -- must be
done; maha-atmanah -- of the great soul; sreyah -- good fortune; hi --
indeed; evam -- thus; bhavatyah -- for you; ca -- and; mama -- for Me;
ca -- also; eva -- certainly; visesatah -- specifically.
TRANSLATION
"The order of a great personality like a father must be executed
without consideration because there is good fortune in such an order for
both of us. In particular, there is good fortune for Me.'"
Madhya 10.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre kaila angikara
apana-sri-anga-sevaya dila adhikara
SYNONYMS
tabe -- after that; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto
Govinda; kaila -- did; angikara -- acceptance; apana -- personal; sri-
anga -- of the transcendental body; sevaya -- in the service; dila --
gave; adhikara -- responsibility.
TRANSLATION
After Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
embraced Govinda and engaged him in the service of His personal body.
Madhya 10.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
prabhura priya bhrtya kari' sabe kare mana
sakala vaisnavera govinda kare samadhana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; priya -- dear; bhrtya --
servant; kari' -- understanding; sabe -- all; kare -- do; mana --
respect; sakala -- all; vaisnavera -- of devotees; govinda -- Govinda;
kare -- does; samadhana -- service.
TRANSLATION
Everyone respected Govinda as the dearest servant of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, and Govinda served all the Vaisnavas and saw to their needs.
Madhya 10.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
chota-bada-kirtaniya-dui haridasa
ramai, nandai rahe govindera pasa
SYNONYMS
chota-bada -- junior and senior; kirtaniya -- musicians; dui -- two;
haridasa -- Haridasas; ramai -- Ramai; nandai -- Nandai; rahe --
stay; govindera pasa -- with Govinda.
TRANSLATION
Both Haridasa senior and Haridasa junior, who were musicians, as well as
Ramai and Nandai, used to stay with Govinda.
Madhya 10.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
govindera sange kare prabhura sevana
govindera bhagya-sima na yaya varnana
SYNONYMS
govindera sange -- with Govinda; kare -- do; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; sevana -- service; govindera -- of Govinda; bhagya-sima --
the limit of good fortune; na -- not; yaya varnana -- can be described.
TRANSLATION
They all remained with Govinda to serve Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
therefore no one could estimate the good fortune of Govinda.
Madhya 10.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
ara dine mukunda-datta kahe prabhura sthane
brahmananda-bharati aila tomara darasane
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- the next day; mukunda-datta -- Mukunda Datta; kahe -- said;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sthane -- at the place;
brahmananda-bharati -- Brahmananda Bharati; aila -- has come; tomara
darasane -- to see You.
TRANSLATION
The next day Mukunda Datta informed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "
Brahmananda Bharati has come to see You."
Madhya 10.152
TEXT 152
TEXT
ajna deha' yadi tanre aniye ethai
prabhu kahe,-guru tenha, yaba tanra thani
SYNONYMS
ajna deha' -- order; yadi -- if; tanre -- him; aniye -- I can bring;
ethai -- here; prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; guru tenha --
he is My spiritual master; yaba -- I shall go; tanra thani -- to his
place.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta then asked the Lord, "Shall I bring him here?"
Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Brahmananda Bharati is like My spiritual
master. It is better that I go to him."
Madhya 10.153
TEXT 153
TEXT
eta bali' mahaprabhu bhakta-gana-sange
cali' aila brahmananda-bharatira age
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhakta-
gana-sange -- with the devotees; cali' -- walking; aila -- came;
brahmananda-bharatira -- of Brahmananda Bharati; age -- in the presence.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His devotees came into
the presence of Brahmananda Bharati.
Madhya 10.154
TEXT 154
TEXT
brahmananda pariyache mrga-carmambara
taha dekhi' prabhu duhkha paila antara
SYNONYMS
brahmananda -- Brahmananda; pariyache -- did wear; mrga-carma-ambara --
a garment made of deerskin; taha dekhi' -- seeing that; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; duhkha -- unhappiness; paila -- got; antara --
within Himself.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His devotees approached him, they saw
that he was covered with a deerskin. Seeing this, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu became very unhappy.
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati belonged to the Sankara-sampradaya. (The title
Bharati indicates a member of one of that sampradaya's ten classes
of sannyasis.) It is customary for a person who has
renounced the world to cover his body with a deerskin or the bark of a
tree. This is enjoined by the Manu-samhita. But if a sannyasi who
has renounced the world simply wears a deerskin and does not spiritually
advance, he is bewildered by false prestige. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu did not like to see Brahmananda Bharati wearing a deerskin.
Madhya 10.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
dekhiya ta' chadma kaila yena dekhe nani
mukundere puche,-kahan bharati-gosani
SYNONYMS
dekhiya -- seeing; ta' -- certainly; chadma kaila -- pretended; yena --
as if; dekhe -- sees; nani -- not; mukundere puche -- inquired from
Mukunda; kahan -- where; bharati-gosani -- Brahmananda Bharati, my
spiritual master.
TRANSLATION
Seeing Brahmananda Bharati wearing the deerskin, Caitanya Mahaprabhu
pretended not to see him. Instead, He asked Mukunda Datta, "Where is
Brahmananda Bharati, My spiritual master?"
Madhya 10.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
mukunda kahe,-ei age dekha vidyamana
prabhu kahe,-tenha nahena, tumi ageyana
SYNONYMS
mukunda kahe -- Mukunda said; ei age -- here in front; dekha -- see;
vidyamana -- present; prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied;
tenha nahena -- he is not; tumi ageyana -- you are incorrect.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta replied, "Here is Brahmananda Bharati, in Your presence."
The Lord replied, "You are incorrect. This is not Brahmananda Bharati.
Madhya 10.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
anyere anya kaha, nahi tomara jnana
bharati-gosani kene paribena cama
SYNONYMS
anyere -- another; anya kaha -- you talk of someone else; nahi -- there
is not; tomara -- your; jnana -- knowledge; bharati -- Brahmananda
Bharati; gosani -- My spiritual master; kene -- why; paribena -- should
wear; cama -- skin.
TRANSLATION
"You must be talking of someone else, for this is surely not Brahmananda
Bharati. You simply have no knowledge. Why should Brahmananda Bharati
wear a deerskin?"
Madhya 10.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
suni' brahmananda kare hrdaye vicare
mora carmambara ei na bhaya inhare
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; brahmananda -- Brahmananda; kare -- does; hrdaye --
within himself; vicare -- consideration; mora -- my; carma-ambara --
deerskin garment; ei -- this; na -- not; bhaya -- is approved; inhare --
by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
When Brahmananda Bharati heard this, he thought, "My deerskin is not
approved by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu."
Madhya 10.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
bhala kahena, -- carmambara dambha lagi' pari
carmambara-paridhane samsara na tari
SYNONYMS
bhala -- well; kahena -- He said; carma-ambara -- the garment of
deerskin; dambha -- prestige; lagi' -- for the matter of; pari -- I put
on; carma-ambara-paridhane -- by putting on a garment of skin; samsara --
the material world; na tari -- I cannot cross.
TRANSLATION
Thus admitting his mistake, Brahmananda Bharati thought, "He spoke well.
I put on this deerskin only for prestige. I cannot cross over the ocean
of nescience simply by wearing a deerskin.
Madhya 10.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
aji haite na pariba ei carmambara
prabhu bahirvasa anaila janiya antara
SYNONYMS
aji haite -- from today; na pariba -- I shall not put on; ei -- this;
carma-ambara -- deerskin garment; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bahir-vasa -- the cloth of a sannyasi; anaila -- had someone bring;
janiya -- knowing; antara -- his contemplation.
TRANSLATION
"From today on I shall not wear this deerskin." As soon as Brahmananda
Bharati decided this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, understanding his mind,
immediately sent for the robes of a sannyasi.
Madhya 10.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
carmambara chadi' brahmananda parila vasana
prabhu asi' kaila tanra carana vandana
SYNONYMS
carma-ambara chadi' -- giving up the deerskin garment; brahmananda --
Brahmananda Bharati; parila -- put on; vasana -- cloth garment; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; asi' -- coming; kaila -- did; tanra -- his;
carana vandana -- worshiping the feet.
TRANSLATION
As soon as Brahmananda Bharati gave up his deerskin and covered himself
with sannyasi robes, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came and offered His
respects at his lotus feet.
Madhya 10.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
bharati kahe,-tomara acara loka sikhaite
punah na karibe nati, bhaya pana citte
SYNONYMS
bharati kahe -- Brahmananda Bharati said; tomara -- Your; acara --
behavior; loka -- people in general; sikhaite -- to teach; punah --
again; na -- not; karibe -- will do; nati -- obeisances; bhaya -- fear;
pana -- I get; citte -- within the mind.
TRANSLATION
Brahmananda Bharati said, "You instruct the general populace by Your
behavior. I will not do anything against Your wishes; otherwise You will
not offer me respects but will neglect me. I am afraid of this.
Madhya 10.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
sampratika dui brahma' ihan calacala'
jagannatha-acala brahma, tumi ta' sacala
SYNONYMS
sampratika -- at the present moment; dui brahma -- two Brahmans, or
spiritual identities; ihan -- here; cala-acala -- moving and not moving;
jagannatha -- Lord Jagannatha; acala brahma -- not moving Brahman; tumi -
- You; ta' -- but; sa-cala -- moving Brahman.
TRANSLATION
"At the present moment I see two Brahmans. One Brahman is Lord
Jagannatha, who does not move, and the other Brahman, who is moving, is
You. Lord Jagannatha is the arca-vigraha, the worshipable Deity, and it
is He who is the nonmoving Brahman. But You are Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, and You are moving here and there. The two of You are the
same Brahman, master of the material nature, but You are playing two
parts -- one moving and one not moving. In this way two Brahmans are now
residing at Jagannatha Puri, Purusottama.
Madhya 10.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
tumi-gaura-varna, tenha-syamala-varna
dui brahme kaila saba jagat-tarana
SYNONYMS
tumi -- You; gaura-varna -- having a golden or fair complexion; tenha --
He; syamala-varna -- having a blackish complexion; dui brahme -- both
Brahmans; kaila -- performed; saba jagat -- of the whole world; tarana --
deliverance.
TRANSLATION
"Of the two Brahmans, You are fair-complexioned, and the other, Lord
Jagannatha, is blackish. Both of You are delivering the whole
world."
Madhya 10.165
TEXT 165
TEXT
prabhu kahe,-satya kahi, tomara agamane
dui brahma prakatila sri-purusottame
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; satya kahi -- I speak
the truth; tomara agamane -- by your presence; dui brahma -- two
Brahmans; prakatila -- appeared; sri-purusottame -- at Jagannatha Puri.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Actually, to tell you the truth,
due to your presence there are now two Brahmans at Jagannatha Puri.
Madhya 10.166
TEXT 166
TEXT
brahmananda' nama tumi-gaura-brahma cala'
syama-varna jagannatha vasiyachena acala'
SYNONYMS
brahmananda -- Brahmananda; nama tumi -- your name; gaura-brahma -- the
Brahman of the name Gaura; cala -- both of them are moving; syama-varna -
- of blackish hue; jagannatha -- Lord Jagannatha; vasiyachena -- is
sitting; acala -- without movement.
TRANSLATION
"Both Brahmananda and Gaurahari are moving, whereas the blackish Lord
Jagannatha is sitting tight and immobile."
PURPORT
Brahmananda Bharati wanted to prove that there is no difference between
the Supreme Lord and the jiva, whereas Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to
prove that He and Brahmananda Bharati were jivas and that although the
jivas are Brahman, they are many but the Supreme Lord, the Supreme
Brahman, is one. On the other hand, Brahmananda Bharati also wanted to
prove that Jagannatha and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are one, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, but that to fulfill His mission Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu appeared to be moving whereas Lord Jagannatha appeared to be
inert. Thus this jolly
argument was going on. Finally, Brahmananda Bharati referred the whole
matter to