\\psf\Home\Desktop\Cc-1975\Madhya 9 -- 1975.TXT
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Madhya 9-1975: Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's Travels to the Holy Places
Chapter 9
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's Travels to the Holy Places
A summary of the Ninth Chapter is given by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura.
After leaving Vidyanagara, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited such places
of pilgrimage as Gautami-ganga, Mallikarjuna, Ahovala-nrsimha,
Siddhavata, Skanda-ksetra, Trimatha, Vrddhakasi, Bauddha-sthana,
Tirupati, Tirumala, Pana-nrsimha, Siva-kanci, Visnu-kanci, Trikala-hasti,
Vrddhakola, Siyali-bhairavi, Kaveri-tira and Kumbhakarna-kapala.
Finally the Lord went to Sri Ranga-ksetra, where He converted a brahmana
named Vyenkata Bhatta, who, along with his family, became a devotee
of Krsna. After leaving Sri Ranga, Caitanya Mahaprabhu reached
Rsabha-parvata, where He met Paramananda Puri, who later arrived at
Jagannatha Puri. Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then proceeded farther,
arriving at Setubandha Ramesvara. At Sri Saila-parvata, the Lord met
Lord Siva and his wife Durga in the dress of a brahmana and brahmani.
From there He went to Kamakosthi-puri and later arrived at southern
Mathura. A brahmana devotee of Lord Ramacandra talked with Him. Then the
Lord took His bath in the River Krtamala. On the hill known as Mahendra-
saila, the Lord saw Parasurama. Then the Lord went to Setubandha and
took His bath at Dhanus-tirtha. He also visited Ramesvara, where He
collected some papers connected with Sitadevi, whose illusory form was
kidnapped by Ravana. The Lord next visited the places known as
Pandya-desa, Tamraparni, Nayatripadi, Ciyadatala,
Tilakanci, Gajendra-moksana, Panagadi, Camtapura, Sri Vaikuntha,
Malaya-parvata and Kanyakumari. The Lord then met the
Bhattatharis at Mallara-desa and saved Kala Krsnadasa from their
clutches. The Lord also collected Brahma-samhita, Fifth Chapter, on
the banks of the Payasvini River. He then visited Payasvini, Srngavera-
puri-matha and Matsya-tirtha. At the village of Udupi, He saw the Gopala
installed by Sri Madhvacarya. He then defeated the Tattvavadis in
sastric conversation. The Lord next visited Phalgu-tirtha, Tritakupa,
Pancapsara, Surparaka and Kolapura. At Sri Rangapuri the Lord
received news of Sankararanya's
disappearance. He then went to the banks of the Krsnavenva
River, where He collected from among the Vaisnava brahmanas a book
written by Bilvamangala, Krsna-karnamrta. The Lord then
visited Tapti, Mahismati-pura, Narmada-tira and Rsyamuka-parvata.
He entered Dandakaranya and liberated the seven palm trees. From there
He visited a place known as Pampa-sarovara and visited Pancavati, Nasika,
Brahmagiri and also the source of the Godavari River, Kusavarta. Thus
the Lord visited almost all the holy places in South India. He finally
returned to Jagannatha Puri by taking the same route, after visiting
Vidyanagara again.
Madhya 9.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
nana-mata-graha-grastan
daksinatya-jana-dvipan
krparina vimucyaitan
gauras cakre sa vaisnavan
SYNONYMS
nana-mata -- by various philosophies; graha -- like crocodiles; grastan -
- captured; daksinatya-jana -- the inhabitants of South India; dvipan --
like elephants; krpa-arina -- by His disc of mercy; vimucya --
liberating; etan -- all these; gaurah -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cakre -
- converted; sah -- He; vaisnavan -- to the Vaisnava cult.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu converted the inhabitants of South India.
These people were as strong as elephants, but they were under the
clutches of the crocodiles of various philosophies -- such as the
Buddhist, Jaina and Mayavada philosophies. By His disc of mercy, the
Lord converted all of them into Vaisnavas, devotees of
the Lord.
PURPORT
Herein it
is stated that the Lord delivered the Gajendra,
the elephant, who was being attacked by crocodiles. When Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu visited southern India, almost all the residents were under
the claws of crocodiles presenting Buddhist, Jaina and Mayavada
philosophy. Although Kaviraja Gosvami states that these people
were as strong as elephants, they were actually under the clutches of
death because they were being attacked by the crocodiles of various
philosophies. However, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
saved the elephant from the clutches of
the crocodiles
by His mercy.
Madhya 9.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-caitanya jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-caitanya -- to Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- unto Nityananda Prabhu; jaya advaita-
candra -- all glories to Advaita Prabhu; jaya -- all glories; gaura-
bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! All glories to Lord
Nityananda Prabhu! All glories to Sri Advaita Prabhu! And all glories to
the devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu!
Madhya 9.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
daksina-gamana prabhura ati vilaksana
sahasra sahasra tirtha kaila darasana
SYNONYMS
daksina-gamana -- touring in South India; prabhura -- of the Lord; ati --
very; vilaksana -- extraordinary; sahasra sahasra -- thousands of
thousands; tirtha -- holy places; kaila -- did; darasana -- visit.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's tour of South India was certainly very
extraordinary because He visited many thousands of places of pilgrimage
there.
Madhya 9.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
sei saba tirtha sparsi' maha-tirtha kaila
sei chale sei desera loka nistarila
SYNONYMS
sei saba -- all those; tirtha -- holy places; sparsi' -- touching; maha-
tirtha -- into great places of pilgrimage; kaila -- made them; sei chale
-- under that plea; sei desera -- of those countries; loka -- the people;
nistarila -- He delivered.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord visited all those holy places, He converted many
thousands of residents. Thus many people were delivered. Simply by
touching the holy places, He made them into great places of pilgrimage.
PURPORT
It is said: tirthi-kurvanti tirthani. A tirtha, or holy place, is a
place where great saintly personalities visit or reside. Although the
holy places were already places of pilgrimage, they were all purified by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's visit. Many people go to these holy places and
leave their sinful activities there, thus becoming free from
contamination. When these contaminations pile up, they are counteracted
by the visit of great personalities like Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His
strict followers. Many kinds of patients come to a hospital, which may
be infected by many types of disease. Actually the hospital is always
infected, but the expert physician keeps the hospital sterilized by his
expert presence and management. Similarly, places of pilgrimage are
always infected by the sins left by the sinners who go there, but when a
personality like Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visits such a place, all
contaminations vanish.
Madhya 9.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
sei saba tirthera krama kahite na pari
daksina-vame tirtha-gamana haya pherapheri
SYNONYMS
sei saba -- all those; tirthera -- of holy places; krama -- the
chronological order; kahite -- to tell of; na pari -- I am unable;
daksina-vame -- left and right; tirtha-gamana -- visiting the holy
places; haya -- is; pherapheri -- going and coming back
TRANSLATION
I cannot chronologically record all the places of pilgrimage visited by
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. I can only summarize everything by saying
that the Lord visited all holy places right and left, coming and going.
Madhya 9.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
ataeva nama-matra kariye ganana
kahite na pari tara yatha anukrama
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; nama-matra -- only as a token record; kariye ganana
-- I count; kahite -- to tell; na pari -- I am unable; tara -- of that;
yatha -- as; anukrama -- chronological order.
TRANSLATION
Because it is impossible for me to record all these places in
chronological order, I simply make a token gesture of recording
them.
Madhya 9.7-8
TEXTS 7-8
TEXT
purvavat pathe yaite ye paya darasana
yei grame yaya, se gramera yata jana
sabei vaisnava haya, kahe 'krsna' 'hari'
anya grama nistaraye sei 'vaisnava' kari'
SYNONYMS
purva-vat -- as done previously; pathe -- on the way; yaite -- while
going; ye -- anyone who; paya -- gets; darasana -- audience; yei --
which; grame -- in the village; yaya -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
goes; se -- that; gramera -- of the village; yata -- all; jana -- people;
sabei -- all of them; vaisnava haya -- become devotees; kahe -- say;
krsna hari -- the holy names of Lord Krsna and Hari; anya grama -- other
villages; nistaraye -- delivers; sei -- He; vaisnava -- devotees; kari' -
- making.
TRANSLATION
As previously stated, all the residents of the villages visited by Lord
Caitanya became Vaisnavas and began to chant Hari and Krsna. In this way,
in all the villages visited by the Lord, everyone became a Vaisnava, a
devotee.
PURPORT
The holy names of Krsna and Hari, or the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-
mantra, are so spiritually powerful that even today, as our preachers go
to remote parts of the world, people immediately begin chanting Hare
Krsna. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was the Supreme Personality of Godhead
Himself. There cannot be anyone who can compare to Him or His potencies.
However, because we are following in His footsteps and are also chanting
the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, the effect is almost as potent as during the
time of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Our preachers mainly belong to
European and American countries, yet by the grace of Lord Caitanya they
have tremendous success wherever they go to open branches. Indeed,
everywhere people are very seriously chanting Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna,
Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.
Madhya 9.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
daksina desera loka aneka prakara
keha jnani, keha karmi, pasandi apara
SYNONYMS
daksina desera -- of South India; loka -- people; aneka -- many; prakara
-- varieties; keha -- someone; jnani -- philosophical speculator; keha --
someone; karmi -- fruitive worker; pasandi -- nondevotees; apara --
innumerable.
TRANSLATION
In South India there were many types of people. Some were philosophical
speculators, and some were fruitive workers, but in any case there were
innumerable nondevotees.
Madhya 9.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
sei saba loka prabhura darsana-prabhave
nija-nija-mata chadi' ha-ila vaisnave
SYNONYMS
sei saba loka -- all those people; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; darsana-prabhave -- by the influence of His visit; nija-nija
-- their own; mata -- opinion; chadi' -- giving up; ha-ila -- became;
vaisnave -- devotees.
TRANSLATION
By the influence of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all these people abandoned
their own opinions and became Vaisnavas, devotees of Krsna.
Madhya 9.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
vaisnavera madhye rama-upasaka saba
keha 'tattvavadi', keha haya 'sri-vaisnava'
SYNONYMS
vaisnavera madhye -- amongst Vaisnavas; rama-upasaka saba -- all
worshipers of Lord Sri Ramacandra; keha -- someone; tattva-vadi --
followers of Madhvacarya; keha -- someone; haya -- is; sri-vaisnava --
devotees following the disciplic succession of Sri Ramanujacarya.
TRANSLATION
At the time, all the South Indian Vaisnavas were worshipers of Lord
Ramacandra. Some were Tattvavadis, and some were followers of
Ramanujacarya.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura points out that
Tattvavadi refers to the followers of Srila Madhvacarya. To
distinguish his disciplic succession from the Mayavadi followers of
Sankaracarya, Srila Madhvacarya named his party the Tattvavada.
Impersonal monists are always attacked by these Tattvavadis, who attempt
to defeat their philosophy of impersonalism. Generally, they establish
the supremacy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Actually the
disciplic succession of Madhvacarya is known as the Brahma-Vaisnava sect;
that is the sect coming down from Lord Brahma. Consequently the
Tattvavadis, or followers of Madhvacarya, do not accept the incident of
Lord Brahma's illusion, which is recorded in the Tenth Canto of Srimad-
Bhagavatam. Srila Madhvacarya has purposefully avoided commenting on
that portion of Srimad-Bhagavatam in which brahma-mohana, the illusion
of Lord Brahma, is mentioned. Srila Madhavendra Puri was one of the
acaryas in the Tattvavada disciplic succession, and he established the
ultimate goal of transcendentalism to be attainment of pure devotional
service, love of Godhead. Those Vaisnavas belonging to the Gaudiya-
sampradaya, the disciplic succession following Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
are distinct from the Tattvavadis, although they belong to the same
Tattvavada sampradaya. The followers of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are
therefore known as the Madhva-Gaudiya-sampradaya.
The word pasandi refers to those who are opposed to pure devotional
service. In particular, these are the Mayavadis, the impersonalists. A
definition of pasandi is given in the Hari-bhakti-vilasa (1.73), wherein
it is stated:
yas tu narayanam devam
brahma-rudradi-daivataih
samatvenaiva vikseta
sa pasandi bhaved dhruvam
A pasandi is one who thinks that the Supreme Lord Narayana, the
Personality of Godhead, is on the same level with the demigods headed
by Lord Brahma and Lord Siva. The devotee never considers Lord Narayana
to be on the same platform with Lord Brahma and Lord Siva. The
Madhvacarya-sampradaya and Ramanuja-sampradaya are mainly worshipers of
Lord Ramacandra, although the Sri Vaisnavas are supposed to be
worshipers of Lord Narayana and Laksmi and the Tattvavadis are supposed
to be worshipers of Lord Krsna. At present, in most of the monasteries
belonging to the Madhva-sampradaya, Lord Ramacandra is worshiped.
In the book known as Adhyatma-ramayana, there are statements in Chapters
Twelve to Fifteen about the worship of the Deities Sri
Ramacandra and Sita. There it is stated that during Lord Ramacandra's
time, there was a brahmana who took a vow refusing to accept breaksast
until he saw Lord Ramacandra. Sometimes, due to business, Lord
Ramacandra was absent from His capital for a full week and could not be
seen by citizens during that time. Because of his vow, the brahmana
could not take even a drop of water during that week. Later, after eight
or nine days, when the brahmana could see Lord Ramacandra personally, he
would break his fast. Upon observing the brahmana's rigid vow, Lord Sri
Ramacandra ordered His younger brother Laksmana to deliver a pair of
Sita-Rama Deities to the brahmana. The brahmana received the Deities
from Sri Laksmanaji and worshiped them faithfully as long as he lived.
At the time of his death, he delivered the Deities to Sri Hanumanji, who,
for many years, hung Them around his neck and served Them with all
devotion. After many years, when Hanumanji departed on the hill known as
Gandha-madana, he delivered the Deities to Bhimasena, one of the
Pandavas, and Bhimasena brought Them to his palace, where he kept Them
very carefully. The last king of the Pandavas, Ksemakanta, worshiped the
Deities in that palace. Later, the same Deities were kept in the custody
of the kings of Orissa known as Gajapatis. One of the acaryas, known as
Narahari Tirtha, who was in the disciplic succession of Madhvacarya,
received these Deities from the King of Orissa.
It may be noted that these particular Deities of Rama and Sita have been
worshiped from the time of King Iksvaku. Indeed, they were worshiped by
the royal princes even before the appearance of Lord Ramacandra. Later,
during Lord Ramacandra's presence, the Deities were worshiped by
Laksmana. It is said that just three months before his disappearance,
Sri Madhvacarya received these Deities and installed them in the Udupi
temple. Since then the Deities have been worshiped by the Madhvacarya-
sampradaya at that monastery. As far as the Sri Vaisnavas are concerned,
beginning with Ramanujacarya, they also worshiped Deities of Sita-Rama.
Sita-Rama Deities are also being worshiped in Tirupati and other places.
From the Sri Ramanuja-sampradaya there is another branch known as
Ramanandi or Ramat, and the followers of that branch also worship
Deities of Sita-Rama very rigidly. The Ramanuja-sampradaya Vaisnavas
prefer the worship of Lord Ramacandra to Radha-Krsna.
Madhya 9.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
sei saba vaisnava mahaprabhura darsane
krsna-upasaka haila, laya krsna-name
SYNONYMS
sei saba -- all those; vaisnava -- devotees; mahaprabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; darsane -- by seeing; krsna-upasaka -- devotees of
Lord Krsna; haila -- became; laya -- took; krsna-name -- the holy name
of Lord Krsna.
TRANSLATION
After meeting Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all those different Vaisnavas
became devotees of Krsna and began chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra.
Madhya 9.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
rama! raghava! rama! raghava! rama! raghava! pahi mam
krsna! kesava! krsna! kesava! krsna! kesava! raksa mam
SYNONYMS
rama -- O Rama; raghava -- descendant of Raghu; pahi -- please protect;
mam -- me; krsna -- O Krsna; kesava -- killer of Kesi; raksa --
protect; mam -- me.
TRANSLATION
"O Lord Ramacandra, descendant of Maharaja Raghu, kindly protect me! O
Lord Krsna, killer of the Kesi demon, kindly protect me!"
Madhya 9.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
ei sloka pathe padi' karila prayana
gautami-gangaya yai' kaila ganga-snana
SYNONYMS
ei sloka -- this Sanskrit verse; pathe -- on the way; padi' -- reciting;
karila -- did; prayana -- going; gautami-gangaya -- to the bank of the
Gautami-ganga; yai' -- going; kaila -- did; ganga-snana -- bathing in
the Ganges.
TRANSLATION
While walking on the road, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to chant this
Rama Raghava mantra. Chanting in this way, He arrived at the banks of
the Gautami-ganga and took His bath there.
PURPORT
The Gautami-ganga is another branch of the River Godavari. Formerly a
great sage named Gautama Rsi used to live on the bank of this river
opposite the city of Rajamahendri, and consequently this branch was
called the Gautami-ganga.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura says that Srila Kaviraja Gosvami has recorded
the names of the holy places visited by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu but that
there is no chronological order of the places visited. However, there is
a notebook of Govinda dasa's containing a chronological order and
references to geographical positions. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura
requests the readers to refer to that book. According to Govinda dasa,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to Trimanda from the Gautami-ganga. From
there He went to Dhundirama-tirtha, another place of pilgrimage.
According to this book, after visiting Gautami-ganga,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to Mallikarjuna-tirtha.
Madhya 9.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
mallikarjuna-tirthe yai' mahesa dekhila
tahan saba loke krsna-nama laoyaila
SYNONYMS
mallikarjuna-tirthe -- to the holy place known as Mallikarjuna; yai' --
going; mahesa -- the deity of Lord Siva; dekhila -- He saw; tahan --
there; saba loke -- all the people; krsna-nama -- Lord Krsna's holy name;
laoyaila -- He induced to chant.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then went to Mallikarjuna-tirtha and saw the
deity of Lord Siva there. He also induced all the people to chant the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra.
PURPORT
Mallikarjuna is also known as Sri Saila. It is situated about seventy
miles south of Karnula on the right bank of the Krsna
River. There are great walls all around the village, and within the
walls resides the deity known as Mallikarjuna. It is a deity of Lord
Siva and is one of the Jyotirlingas.
Madhya 9.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
ramadasa mahadeve karila darasana
ahovala-nrsimhere karila gamana
SYNONYMS
rama-dasa -- Ramadasa; maha-deve -- of Mahadeva; karila -- did; darasana
-- seeing; ahovala-nrsimhere -- to Ahovala-nrsimha; karila -- did;
gamana -- going.
TRANSLATION
There he saw Lord Mahadeva [Siva], the servant of Lord Rama. He then
went to Ahovala-nrsimha.
Madhya 9.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
nrsimha dekhiya tanre kaila nati-stuti
siddhavata gela yahan murti sitapati
SYNONYMS
nrsimha dekhiya -- after seeing the Lord Nrsimha Deity; tanre -- unto
Him; kaila -- did; nati-stuti -- offering of various prayers; siddha-
vata -- to Siddhavata; gela -- He went; yahan -- where; murti -- the
Deity; sita-pati -- Lord Ramacandra.
TRANSLATION
After seeing the Ahovala-nrsimha Deity, Caitanya Mahaprabhu offered many
prayers unto the Lord. He then went to Siddhavata, where He saw the
Deity of Ramacandra, the Lord of Sitadevi.
PURPORT
This Siddhavata is ten miles east of the
village Kudapa. It is also known as Sidhauta. Previously this place was
also known as southern Benares. There is a great banyan tree there,
and it is therefore known as Siddhavata. Vata means banyan tree.
Madhya 9.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
raghunatha dekhi' kaila pranati stavana
tahan eka vipra prabhura kaila nimantrana
SYNONYMS
raghu-natha dekhi' -- after seeing Lord Ramacandra, the descendant of
Maharaja Raghu; kaila -- offered; pranati -- obeisances; stavana --
prayers; tahan -- there; eka -- one; vipra -- brahmana; prabhura -- to
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; nimantrana -- invitation.
TRANSLATION
After seeing the Deity of Lord Ramacandra, the descendant of King Raghu,
the Lord offered His prayers and obeisances. Then a brahmana invited the
Lord to take lunch.
Madhya 9.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
sei vipra rama-nama nirantara laya
'rama''rama' vina anya vani na kahaya
SYNONYMS
sei vipra -- that brahmana; rama-nama -- the holy name of Lord
Ramacandra; nirantara -- constantly; laya -- chants; rama rama -- the
holy names Rama Rama; vina -- without; anya -- other; vani -- vibration;
na -- does not; kahaya -- speak.
TRANSLATION
That brahmana constantly chanted the holy name of Ramacandra. Indeed,
but for chanting Lord Ramacandra's holy name, that brahmana did not
speak a word.
Madhya 9.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
sei dina tanra ghare rahi' bhiksa kari'
tanre krpa kari' age calila gaurahari
SYNONYMS
sei dina -- on that day; tanra ghare -- the house of that brahmana; rahi'
-- staying; bhiksa kari' -- accepting prasada; tanre -- unto him; krpa
kari' -- showing mercy; age -- ahead; calila -- departed; gaura-hari --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
That day, Lord Caitanya remained there and accepted prasada at his
house. After bestowing mercy upon him in this way, the Lord proceeded
ahead.
Madhya 9.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
skanda-ksetra-tirthe kaila skanda darasana
trimatha aila, tahan dekhi' trivikrama
SYNONYMS
skanda-ksetra-tirthe -- in the holy place known as Skanda-ksetra; kaila -
- did; skanda darasana -- visiting Lord Skanda (Karttikeya, son of Lord
Siva); trimatha -- at Trimatha; aila -- arrived; tahan -- there; dekhi' -
- seeing; trivikrama -- a form of Lord Visnu, Trivikrama.
TRANSLATION
At the holy place known as Skanda-ksetra, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
visited the temple of Skanda. From there He went to Trimatha, where He
saw the Visnu Deity Trivikrama.
Madhya 9.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
punah siddhavata aila sei vipra-ghare
sei vipra krsna-nama laya nirantare
SYNONYMS
punah -- again; siddha-vata -- to the place known as Siddhavata; aila --
returned; sei -- that; vipra-ghare -- in the house of the brahmana; sei
vipra -- that brahmana; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna; laya -
- chants; nirantare -- constantly.
TRANSLATION
After visiting the temple of Trivikrama, the Lord returned to Siddhavata,
where He again visited the house of the brahmana, who was now
constantly chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra.
Madhya 9.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
bhiksa kari' mahaprabhu tanre prasna kaila
''kaha vipra, ei tomara kon dasa haila
SYNONYMS
bhiksa kari' -- after accepting lunch; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto him; prasna kaila -- asked a question; kaha
vipra -- My dear brahmana friend, please say; ei -- this; tomara -- your;
kon -- what; dasa -- situation; haila -- became.
TRANSLATION
After finishing His lunch there, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked the
brahmana, "My dear friend, kindly tell Me what your position is now.
Madhya 9.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
purve tumi nirantara laite rama-nama
ebe kene nirantara lao krsna-nama''
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; tumi -- you; nirantara -- constantly; laite -- used
to chant; rama-nama -- the holy name of Lord Ramacandra; ebe -- now;
kene -- why; nirantara -- constantly; lao -- you chant; krsna-nama --
the holy name of Krsna.
TRANSLATION
"Formerly you were constantly chanting the holy name of Lord Rama. Why
are you now constantly chanting the holy name of Krsna?"
Madhya 9.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
vipra bale, -- ei tomara darsana-prabhave
toma dekhi' gela mora ajanma svabhave
SYNONYMS
vipra bale -- the brahmana replied; ei -- this; tomara darsana-prabhave -
- by the influence of Your visit; toma dekhi' -- after seeing You; gela -
- went; mora -- my; a-janma -- from childhood; sva-bhave -- nature.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana replied, "This is all due to Your influence, sir. After
seeing You, I have lost the long practice of my life.
Madhya 9.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
balyavadhi rama-nama-grahana amara
toma dekhi' krsna-nama aila eka-bara
SYNONYMS
balya-avadhi -- since the days of my childhood; rama-nama-grahana --
chanting the holy name of Lord Ramacandra; amara -- my; toma dekhi' --
after seeing You; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna; aila --
came; eka-bara -- once only.
TRANSLATION
"From my childhood I have been chanting the holy name of Lord Ramacandra,
but after seeing You I began to chant the holy name of Lord Krsna
.
Madhya 9.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
sei haite krsna-nama jihvate vasila
krsna-nama sphure, rama-nama dure gela
SYNONYMS
sei haite -- since that time; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna;
jihvate -- on the tongue; vasila -- was seated tightly; krsna-nama --
the holy name of Lord Krsna; sphure -- automatically comes; rama-nama --
the holy name of Lord Ramacandra; dure -- far away; gela -- went.
TRANSLATION
"Since then, the holy name of Krsna has been tied to my
tongue. Indeed, when I chant the holy name of Krsna, the
holy name of Lord Ramacandra goes far away.
Madhya 9.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
balya-kala haite mora svabhava eka haya
namera mahima-sastra kariye sancaya
SYNONYMS
balya-kala haite -- from my childhood; mora -- my; sva-bhava --
practice; eka -- one; haya -- there is; namera -- of the holy name;
mahima -- concerning the glories; sastra -- the revealed scriptures;
kariye sancaya -- I collect.
TRANSLATION
"From my childhood I have been practicing this chanting and have been
collecting the glories of the holy name from revealed scriptures.
Madhya 9.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
ramante yogino 'nante
satyanande cid-atmani
iti rama-padenasau
param brahmabhidhiyate
SYNONYMS
ramante -- take pleasure; yoginah -- transcendentalists; anante -- in
the unlimited; satya-anande -- real pleasure; cit-atmani -- in spiritual
existence; iti -- thus; rama -- Rama; padena -- by the word; asau -- He;
param -- supreme; brahma -- truth; abhidhiyate -- is called.
TRANSLATION
" 'The Supreme Absolute Truth is called Rama because the
transcendentalists take pleasure in the unlimited true pleasure of
spiritual existence.'
PURPORT
This is the eighth verse of the Satanama-stotra of Lord Ramacandra,
which is found in the Padma Purana.
Madhya 9.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
krsir bhu-vacakah sabdo
nas ca nirvrti-vacakah
tayor aikyam param brahma
krsna ity abhidhiyate
SYNONYMS
krsih -- the verbal root krs; bhu -- attractive existence; vacakah --
signifying; sabdah -- word; nah -- the syllable na; ca -- and; nirvrti --
spiritual pleasure; vacakah -- indicating; tayoh -- of both; aikyam --
amalgamation; param -- supreme; brahma -- Absolute Truth; krsnah -- Lord
Krsna; iti -- thus; abhidhiyate -- is called.
TRANSLATION
" 'The word "krs" is the attractive feature of the Lord's existence, and
"na" means spiritual pleasure. When the verb "krs" is added to the affix
"na," it becomes Krsna, which indicates the Absolute Truth.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from the Udyoga-parva (71.4) of the
Mahabharata.
Madhya 9.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
param brahma dui-nama samana ha-ila
punah ara sastre kichu visesa paila
SYNONYMS
param brahma -- the Absolute Truth; dui-nama -- two names (Rama and
Krsna); samana -- on an equal level; ha-ila -- were; punah -- again; ara
-- further; sastre -- in revealed scripture; kichu -- some; visesa --
specification; paila -- is found.
TRANSLATION
"As far as the holy names of Rama and Krsna are concerned, they are on
an equal level, but for further advancement we receive some specific
information from revealed scriptures.
Madhya 9.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
rama rameti rameti
rame rame manorame
sahasra-namabhis tulyam
rama-nama varanane
SYNONYMS
rama -- Rama; rama -- Rama; iti -- thus; rama -- Rama; iti -- thus; rame
-- I enjoy; rame -- in the holy name of Rama; manah-rame -- most
beautiful; sahasra-namabhih -- with the one thousand names; tulyam --
equal; rama-nama -- the holy name of Rama; vara-anane -- O lovely-faced
woman.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Siva addressed his wife Durga as Varanana and explained, 'I
chant the holy name of Rama, Rama, Rama and thus enjoy this beautiful
sound. This holy name of Ramacandra is equal to one thousand holy names
of Lord Visnu.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from the Brhad-visnu-sahasranama-stotra (72.335) in the
Uttara-khanda of the Padma Purana.
Madhya 9.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
sahasra-namnam punyanam
trir-avrttya tu yat phalam
ekavrttya tu krsnasya
namaikam tat prayacchati
SYNONYMS
sahasra-namnam -- of one thousand names; punyanam -- holy; trih-avrttya -
- by thrice chanting; tu -- but; yat -- which; phalam -- result; eka-
avrttya -- by one repetition; tu -- but; krsnasya -- of Lord Krsna; nama
-- holy name; ekam -- only one; tat -- that result; prayacchati -- gives.
TRANSLATION
" 'The pious results derived from chanting the thousand holy names of
Visnu three times can be attained by only one repetition of the holy
name of Krsna.'
PURPORT
This verse from the Brahmanda Purana is found in the Laghu-bhagavatamrta
(1.354), by Rupa Gosvami. For every three times one chants the
holy name of Rama, one can attain the same results simply by
chanting the name of Krsna once.
Madhya 9.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
ei vakye krsna-namera mahima apara
tathapi la-ite nari, suna hetu tara
SYNONYMS
ei vakye -- in this statement; krsna-namera -- of the holy name of Krsna;
mahima -- glories; apara -- unlimited; tathapi -- still; la-ite -- to
chant; nari -- I am unable; suna -- just hear; hetu -- the reason; tara -
- of that.
TRANSLATION
"According to the statement of the sastras, the glories of the holy
name of Krsna are unlimited. Still I could not chant His holy name.
Please hear the reason for this.
Madhya 9.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
ista-deva rama, tanra name sukha pai
sukha pana rama-nama ratri-dina gai
SYNONYMS
ista-deva -- my worshipable Lord; rama -- Lord Sri Ramacandra; tanra
name -- in His holy name; sukha pai -- I get happiness; sukha pana --
getting such transcendental happiness; rama-nama -- the holy name of
Lord Rama; ratri-dina -- day and night; gai -- I chant.
TRANSLATION
"My worshipable Lord has been Lord Ramacandra, and by chanting His holy
name I received happiness. Because I received such happiness, I chanted
the holy name of Lord Rama day and night.
Madhya 9.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
tomara darsane yabe krsna-nama aila
tahara mahima tabe hrdaye lagila
SYNONYMS
tomara darsane -- by meeting You; yabe -- when; krsna-nama -- the holy
name of Krsna; aila -- appeared; tahara -- His; mahima -- glories; tabe -
- at that time; hrdaye -- in the heart; lagila -- became fixed.
TRANSLATION
"By Your appearance, Lord Krsna's holy name also appeared, and at that
time the glories of Krsna's name awoke in my heart."
Madhya 9.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
sei krsna tumi saksat -- iha nirdharila
eta kahi' vipra prabhura carane padila
SYNONYMS
sei -- that; krsna -- the Personality of Godhead, Krsna; tumi -- You;
saksat -- directly; iha -- this; nirdharila -- ascertained; eta kahi' --
saying this; vipra -- the brahmana; prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; carane -- at the lotus feet; padila -- fell down.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana concluded, "Sir, You are that Lord Krsna Himself. This is
my ascertainment." Saying this, the brahmana fell down at the lotus feet
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 9.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
tanre krpa kari' prabhu calila ara dine
vrddhakasi asi' kaila siva-darasane
SYNONYMS
tanre -- unto him; krpa kari' -- showing mercy; prabhu -- Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; calila -- traveled; ara dine -- the next day;
vrddhakasi -- to Vrddhakasi; asi' -- coming; kaila -- did; siva-darasane
-- visiting Lord Siva's temple.
TRANSLATION
After showing mercy to the brahmana, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu left
the next day and arrived at Vrddhakasi, where He visited the temple of
Lord Siva.
PURPORT
Vrddhakasi's present name is Vrddhacalam. It is situated in the southern
Arkata district on the bank of the River Manimukha. This place is also
known as Kalahastipura. Lord Siva's temple there was worshiped for many
years by Govinda, the cousin of Ramanujacarya.
Madhya 9.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
tahan haite cali' age gela eka grame
brahmana-samaja tahan, karila visrame
SYNONYMS
tahan haite -- from there; cali' -- going; age -- forwards; gela -- went;
eka -- one; grame -- to a village; brahmana-samaja -- assembly of
brahmanas; tahan -- there; karila visrame -- He rested.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then left Vrddhakasi and proceeded further ahead.
In one village He saw that most of the residents were brahmanas, and He
took His rest there.
Madhya 9.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
prabhura prabhave loka aila darasane
laksarbuda loka aise na yaya ganane
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prabhave -- by the
influence; loka -- people; aila -- came; darasane -- to see Him; laksa-
arbuda -- many millions; loka -- persons; aise -- came; na -- not; yaya
ganane -- can be counted.
TRANSLATION
Due to the influence of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, many millions of men
came just to see Him. Indeed, the assembly was so unlimited that its
members could not be counted.
Madhya 9.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
gosanira saundarya dekhi' tate premavesa
sabe 'krsna' kahe, 'vaisnava' haila sarva-desa
SYNONYMS
gosanira -- of the Lord; saundarya -- the beauty; dekhi' -- seeing; tate
-- in that; prema-avesa -- ecstatic love; sabe -- everyone; krsna kahe --
uttered the holy name of Krsna; vaisnava -- Vaisnava devotees; haila --
became; sarva-desa -- everyone.
TRANSLATION
The Lord's bodily features were very beautiful, and in addition He was
always in the ecstasy of love of Godhead. Simply by seeing Him, everyone
began chanting the holy name of Krsna, and thus everyone became a
Vaisnava devotee.
Madhya 9.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
tarkika-mimamsaka, yata mayavadi-gana
sankhya, patanjala, smrti, purana, agama
SYNONYMS
tarkika -- logicians; mimamsaka -- followers of Mimamsa philosophy; yata
-- all; mayavadi-gana -- followers of Sankaracarya; sankhya -- followers
of Kapila; patanjala -- followers of mystic yoga; smrti -- supplementary
Vedic literatures; purana -- Puranas; agama -- the tantra-sastras.
TRANSLATION
There are many kinds of philosophers. Some are logicians who follow
Gautama or Kanada. Some follow the Mimamsa philosophy of Jaimini. Some
follow the Mayavada philosophy of Sankaracarya, and others follow Kapila'
s Sankhya philosophy or the mystic yoga system of Patanjali. Some follow
the smrti-sastra composed of twenty religious scriptures, and others
follow the Puranas and the tantra-sastra. In this way there are many
different types of philosophers.
Madhya 9.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
nija-nija-sastrodgrahe sabai pracanda
sarva mata dusi' prabhu kare khanda khanda
SYNONYMS
nija-nija -- their own; sastra -- of the scripture; udgrahe -- to
establish the conclusion; sabai -- all of them; pracanda -- very
powerful; sarva -- all; mata -- opinions; dusi' -- condemning; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare -- does; khanda khanda -- breaking to
pieces.
TRANSLATION
All of these adherents of various scriptures were ready to present the
conclusions of their respective scriptures, but Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
broke all their opinions to pieces and established His own cult of
bhakti based on the Vedas, Vedanta, the Brahma-sutra and the philosophy
of acintya-bhedabheda-tattva.
Madhya 9.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
sarvatra sthapaya prabhu vaisnava-siddhante
prabhura siddhanta keha na pare khandite
SYNONYMS
sarvatra -- everywhere; sthapaya -- establishes; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; vaisnava-siddhante -- the conclusion of the Vaisnavas;
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; siddhanta -- conclusion;
keha -- anyone; na pare -- is not able; khandite -- to defy.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu established the devotional cult everywhere. No
one could defeat Him.
Madhya 9.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
hari' hari' prabhu-mate karena pravesa
ei-mate 'vaisnava' prabhu kaila daksina desa
SYNONYMS
hari' hari' -- being defeated; prabhu-mate -- into the cult of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena pravesa -- enter; ei-mate -- in this way;
vaisnava -- Vaisnava devotees; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
kaila -- made; daksina -- South India; desa -- country.
TRANSLATION
Being thus defeated by Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all these
philosophers and their followers entered into His cult. In this way Lord
Caitanya made South India into a country of Vaisnavas.
Madhya 9.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
pasandi aila yata panditya suniya
garva kari' aila sange sisya-gana lana
SYNONYMS
pasandi -- nonbelievers; aila -- came there; yata -- all; panditya --
erudition; suniya -- hearing; garva kari' -- with great pride; aila --
came there; sange -- with; sisya-gana -- disciples; lana -- taking.
TRANSLATION
When the nonbelievers heard of the erudition of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
they came to Him with great pride, bringing their disciples with them.
Madhya 9.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
bauddhacarya maha-pandita nija nava-mate
prabhura age udgraha kari' lagila balite
SYNONYMS
bauddha-acarya -- the leader in Buddhist philosophy; maha-pandita --
greatly learned scholar; nija -- own; nava -- nine; mate --
philosophical conclusions; prabhura age -- before Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; udgraha -- argument; kari' -- making; lagila -- began;
balite -- to speak.
TRANSLATION
One of them was the leader of a Buddhist cult and was a very learned
scholar. To establish their nine philosophical conclusions,
he came before the Lord and began to speak.
Madhya 9.48
TEXT 48
TEXT
yadyapi asambhasya bauddha ayukta dekhite
tathapi balila prabhu garva khandaite
SYNONYMS
yadyapi -- although; asambhasya -- not fit for discussion; bauddha --
followers of Buddha's philosophy; ayukta -- not fit; dekhite -- to see;
tathapi -- still; balila -- spoke; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; garva -- pride; khandaite -- to diminish.
TRANSLATION
Although the Buddhists are unfit for discussion and should not be seen
by Vaisnavas, Caitanya Mahaprabhu spoke to them just to decrease their
false pride.
Madhya 9.49
TEXT 49
TEXT
tarka-pradhana bauddha-sastra 'nava mate'
tarkei khandila prabhu, na pare sthapite
SYNONYMS
tarka-pradhana -- argumentative; bauddha-sastra -- scriptures of the
Buddhist cult; nava mate -- in nine basic principles; tarkei -- by
argument; khandila -- refuted; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; na --
not; pare -- can; sthapite -- establish.
TRANSLATION
The scriptures of the Buddhist cult are chiefly based on argument and
logic, and they contain nine chief principles. Because Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu defeated them in their argument, they could not
establish their cult.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura states that according to the Buddhist cult
there are two ways of understanding philosophy. One is called hinayana,
and the other is called mahayana. Along this path, there are
nine principles. (1) The creation is eternal; therefore there is no need
to accept a creator. (2) This cosmic manifestation is false. (3) "I am"
is the truth. (4) There is repetition of birth and death. (5) Lord
Buddha is the only source of understanding the truth. (6) The principle
of nirvana, or annihilation, is the ultimate goal. (7) The philosophy of
Buddha is the only philosophical path. (8) The Vedas are compiled by
human beings. (9) Pious activities, showing mercy to others and so on
are advised.
No one can attain the Absolute Truth by argument. One may be very expert
in logic, and another person may be even more expert in the art of
argument. Because there is so much word jugglery in logic, one can never
come to the real conclusion about the Absolute Truth by argument. The
followers of Vedic principles understand this. However, it is seen
here that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu defeated the Buddhist philosophy by
argument. Those who are preachers in ISKCON will certainly meet many
people who believe in intellectual arguments. Most of these people do
not believe in the authority of the Vedas. Nevertheless, they accept
intellectual speculation and argument. Therefore the preachers of Krsna
consciousness should be prepared to defeat others by argument, just as
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu did. In this verse it is clearly said, tarkei
khandila prabhu. Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu put forward such a strong
argument that they could not counter Him to establish their
cult.
Their first principle is that the creation is always existing, but if
this is the case, there can be no theory of annihilation. The
Buddhists maintain that annihilation or dissolution is the highest
truth. If the creation is eternally existing, there is no question of
dissolution or annihilation. This argument is not very strong because by
practical experience we see that material things have a beginning, a
middle and an end. The ultimate aim of the Buddhist philosophy is to
dissolve the body. This is proposed because the body has a beginning.
Similarly, the entire cosmic manifestation is also a gigantic body, but
if we accept the fact that it is always existing, there can be no
question of annihilation. Therefore the attempt to annihilate everything
in order to attain zero is an absurdity. By our own practical experience
we have to accept the beginning of creation, and when we accept the
beginning, we must accept a creator. Such a creator must possess an all-
pervasive body, as pointed out by Bhagavad-gita:
sarvatah pani-padam tat
sarvato-'ksi-siro-mukham
sarvatah srutimal loke
sarvam avrtya tisthati
"Everywhere are His hands and legs, His eyes and faces, and He
hears everything. In this way the Supersoul exists." (
Bg. 13.14)
The Supreme Person must be present everywhere. His body existed before
the creation; otherwise He could not be the creator. If the Supreme
Person is a created being, there can be no question of a creator. The
conclusion is that the cosmic manifestation is certainly created at a
certain time, and the creator existed before the creation; therefore the
creator is not a created being. The creator is Param Brahman, or
the Supreme Spirit. Matter is not only subordinate to spirit but is
actually created on the basis of spirit. When the spirit soul enters the
womb of a mother, the body is created by material ingredients supplied
by the mother. Everything is created in the material world, and
consequently there must be a creator who is the Supreme Spirit and who
is distinct from matter. It is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita that the
material energy is inferior and that the spiritual energy is the living
entity. Both inferior and superior energies belong to a supreme person.
The Buddhists argue that the world is false, but this is not valid. The
world is temporary, but it is not false. As long as we have the body, we
must suffer the pleasures and pains of the body, even though we are not
the body. We may not take these pleasures and pains very seriously, but
they are factual nonetheless. We cannot actually say that they are false.
If the bodily pains and pleasures are false, the creation would be
false also, and consequently no one would take very much interest in it.
The conclusion is that the material creation is not false or imaginary,
but it is temporary.
The Buddhists maintain that the principle "I am" is the Ultimate Truth,
but this excludes the individuality of "I" and "you." If there is no "I"
and "you," or individuality, there is no possibility of argument. The
Buddhist philosophy depends on argument, but there can be no argument if
one simply depends on "I am." There must be a "you," or another person
also. The philosophy of duality -- the existence of the individual soul
and the Supersoul -- must be there. This is confirmed in the Second
Chapter of Bhagavad-gita, wherein the Lord says:
na tv evaham jatu nasam
na tvam neme janadhipah
na caiva na bhavisyamah
sarve vayam atah param
"Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these
kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be." (Bg. 2.12)
We existed in the past in different bodies, and after the annihilation
of this body, we shall exist in another body. The principle of the soul
is eternal, and it exists in this body or in another body. Even in this
lifetime we experience existence in a child's body, a youth's body, a
man's body and an old body. After the annihilation of the body, we
acquire another body. The Buddhist cult also accepts the philosophy of
transmigration, but the Buddhists do not properly explain the next birth.
There are 8,400,000 species of life, and our next birth may be in any
one of them; therefore this human body is not guaranteed.
According to the Buddhist's fifth principle, Lord Buddha is the only
source for the attainment of knowledge. We cannot accept this, for Lord
Buddha rejected the principles of Vedic knowledge. One must accept a
principle of standard knowledge because one cannot attain the Absolute
Truth simply by intellectual speculation. If everyone is an authority,
or if everyone accepts his own intelligence as the ultimate criterion --
as is presently fashionable -- the scriptures will be interpreted in
many different ways, and everyone will claim his own philosophy
supreme. This has become a very great problem, and everyone is
interpreting scripture in his own way and setting up his own basis of
authority. Yata mata tata patha. Now everybody and anybody is trying to
establish his own theory as the Ultimate Truth. The Buddhists theorize
that annihilation, or nirvana, is the ultimate goal. Annihilation
applies to the body, but the spirit soul transmigrates from one body to
another. If this were not the case, how can so many multifarious bodies
come into existence? If the next birth is a fact, the next bodily form
is also a fact. As soon as we accept a material body, we must accept the
fact that that body will be annihilated and that we will have to accept
another body. If all material bodies are doomed to annihilation, we must
obtain a nonmaterial body, or a spiritual body, if we wish the next
birth to be anything but false. How the spiritual body is attained is
explained in Bhagavad-gita:
janma karma ca me divyam
evam yo vetti tattvatah
tyaktva deham punar janma
naiti mam eti so 'rjuna
"One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities
does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material
world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna." (Bg. 4.9)
This is the highest perfection by which one can
transcend the transmigration of material bodies and return home,
back to Godhead. It is not that existence becomes
void or zero. Existence continues, but if we positively want to
annihilate the material body, we have to accept a spiritual body;
otherwise there can be no eternality for the soul.
We cannot accept the theory that the Buddhist philosophy is the only way,
for there are so many defects in that philosophy. A perfect philosophy
is one that has no defects, and that is Vedanta philosophy. No one can
point out any defects in Vedanta philosophy, and therefore we can
conclude that Vedanta is the supreme philosophical way of understanding
the truth. According to the Buddhist cult, the Vedas are compiled by
ordinary human beings. If this were the case, they would not be
authoritative. From Vedic literatures we understand that shortly
after the creation, Lord Brahma was instructed in the Vedas. It is not
that the Vedas were created by Brahma, although Brahma is the original
person in the universe. If Brahma did not create the Vedas, but he is
acknowledged as the first created being, wherefrom did Vedic knowledge
come to Brahma? Obviously the Vedas did not come from an ordinary person
born in this material world. According to Srimad-Bhagavatam, tene brahma
hrda ya adi-kavaye: after the creation, the Supreme Person
imparted Vedic knowledge within the heart of Brahma. There was no person
in the beginning of the creation other than Brahma, yet he did not
compile the Vedas; therefore the conclusion is that the Vedas were not
compiled by any created being. Vedic knowledge was given by the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, who created this material world. This is also
accepted by Sankaracarya, although Sankaracarya is not a Vaisnava.
It is stated that mercy is one of the qualities of a Buddhist, but mercy
is a relative thing. We show our mercy to a subordinate or to one who is
suffering more than ourselves. However, if there is a superior person
present, the superior person cannot be the object of our mercy. Rather,
we are objects for the mercy of the superior person. Therefore showing
compassion and mercy is a relative activity. It is not the Absolute
Truth. Apart from this, we also must know what actual mercy is. To give
a sick man something forbidden for him to eat is not mercy. Rather, it
is cruelty. Unless we know what mercy really is, we may create an
undesirable situation. If we wish to show real mercy, we will preach
Krsna consciousness in order to revive the lost consciousness of human
beings, the living entity's original consciousness. Since the Buddhist
philosophy does not admit the existence of the spirit soul, the so-
called mercy of the Buddhists is defective.
Madhya 9.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
bauddhacarya 'nava prasna' saba uthaila
drdha yukti-tarke prabhu khanda khanda kaila
SYNONYMS
bauddha-acarya -- the teacher of the Buddhist cult; nava prasna -- nine
different types of questions; saba -- all; uthaila -- raised; drdha --
strong; yukti -- argument; tarke -- with logic; prabhu -- Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; khanda khanda kaila -- broke into pieces.
TRANSLATION
The teacher of the Buddhist cult set forth nine principles, but Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu broke them to pieces with His strong logic.
Madhya 9.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
darsanika pandita sabai paila parajaya
loke hasya kare, bauddha paila lajja-bhaya
SYNONYMS
darsanika -- philosophical speculators; pandita -- scholars; sabai --
all of them; paila parajaya -- were defeated; loke -- people in general;
hasya kare -- laugh; bauddha -- the Buddhists; paila -- got; lajja --
shame; bhaya -- fear.
TRANSLATION
All mental speculators and learned scholars were defeated by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and when the people began to laugh, the Buddhist
philosophers felt both shame and fear.
PURPORT
These philosophers were all atheists, for they did not believe in the
existence of God. Atheists may be very expert in mental speculation and
may be so-called great philosophers, but they can be defeated by a
Vaisnava firmly situated in his conviction and God consciousness.
Following in the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all the preachers
engaged in the service of ISKCON should be very expert in putting
forward strong arguments and defeating all types of atheists.
Madhya 9.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
prabhuke vaisnava jani' bauddha ghare gela
sakala bauddha mili' tabe kumantrana kaila
SYNONYMS
prabhuke -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vaisnava jani' -- knowing to
be a Vaisnava; bauddha -- the Buddhists; ghare gela -- returned home;
sakala bauddha -- all the Buddhists; mili' -- coming together; tabe --
thereafter; ku-mantrana -- plot; kaila -- made.
TRANSLATION
The Buddhists could understand that Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was a
Vaisnava, and they returned home very unhappy. Later, however, they
began to plot against the Lord.
Madhya 9.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
apavitra anna eka thalite bhariya
prabhu-age nila 'maha-prasada' baliya
SYNONYMS
apavitra -- polluted; anna -- food; eka -- one; thalite -- plate;
bhariya -- filling; prabhu-age -- in front of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; nila -- brought; maha-prasada baliya -- calling it maha-
prasada.
TRANSLATION
Having made their plot, the Buddhists brought a plate of untouchable
food before Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and called it maha-prasada.
PURPORT
The word apavitra anna refers to food that is unacceptable for a
Vaisnava. In other words, a Vaisnava cannot accept any food offered by
an avaisnava in the name of maha-prasada. This should be a principle
for all Vaisnavas. When asked, "What is the behavior of a Vaisnava?" Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "A Vaisnava must avoid the company of an
avaisnava [asat]." The word asat refers to an avaisnava, that is, one
who is not a Vaisnava. Asat-sanga-tyaga, -- ei vaisnava-acara (Cc.
Madhya 22.87). A Vaisnava must be very strict in this respect and should
not at all cooperate with an avaisnava. If an avaisnava offers food in
the name of maha-prasada, it should not be accepted. Such food cannot
be prasada because an avaisnava cannot offer anything to the Lord.
Sometimes preachers in the Krsna consciousness movement have to accept
food in a home where the householder is an avaisnava; however, if this
food is offered to the Deity, it can be taken. Ordinary food cooked by
an avaisnava should not be accepted by a Vaisnava. Even if an avaisnava
cooks food without fault, he cannot offer it to Lord Visnu, and it
cannot be accepted as maha-prasada. According to
Bhagavad-gita:
patram puspam phalam toyam
yo me bhaktya prayacchati
tad aham bhakty-upahrtam
asnami prayatatmanah
"If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or
water, I will accept it." (Bg. 9.26)
Krsna can accept anything offered by His devotee with devotion. An
avaisnava may be a vegetarian and a very clean cook, but because he
cannot offer the foodstuff to Visnu, the food he cooks cannot be
accepted as maha-prasada. It is better that a Vaisnava abandon such
food as untouchable.
Madhya 9.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
hena-kale maha-kaya eka paksi aila
thonte kari' anna-saha thali lana gela
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; maha-kaya -- having a large body; eka -- one;
paksi -- bird; aila -- appeared there; thonte kari' -- by the beak; anna-
saha -- with food; thali -- the plate; lana -- taking; gela -- went away.
TRANSLATION
When the contaminated food was offered to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, a
very large bird appeared on the spot, picked up the plate in its beak
and flew away.
Madhya 9.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
bauddha-ganera upare anna pade amedhya haiya
bauddhacaryera mathaya thali padila bajiya
SYNONYMS
bauddha-ganera -- all the Buddhists; upare -- upon; anna -- the food;
pade -- began to fall down; amedhya -- untouchable; haiya -- being;
bauddha-acaryera -- of the teacher of the Buddhists; mathaya -- on the
head; thali -- the plate; padila -- fell down; bajiya -- making a great
sound.
TRANSLATION
Indeed, the untouchable food fell upon the Buddhists, and the large bird
dropped the plate on the head of the chief Buddhist teacher. When it
fell on his head, it made a big sound.
Madhya 9.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
terache padila thali, -- matha kati' gela
murcchita hana acarya bhumite padila
SYNONYMS
terache -- at an angle; padila -- fell down; thali -- the plate; matha --
the head; kati' -- cutting; gela -- went; murcchita -- unconscious;
hana -- becoming; acarya -- the teacher; bhumite -- on the ground;
padila -- fell down.
TRANSLATION
The plate was made of metal, and when its edge hit the head of the
teacher, it cut him, and the teacher immediately fell to the ground
unconscious.
Madhya 9.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
hahakara kari' kande saba sisya-gana
sabe asi' prabhu-pade la-ila sarana
SYNONYMS
haha-kara -- a roaring sound; kari' -- making; kande -- cry; saba -- all;
sisya-gana -- disciples; sabe -- all of them; asi' -- coming; prabhu-
pade -- to the lotus feet of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; la-ila -- took;
sarana -- shelter.
TRANSLATION
When the teacher fell unconscious, his Buddhist disciples cried aloud
and ran to the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for shelter.
Madhya 9.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
tumi ta' isvara saksat, ksama aparadha
jiyao amara guru, karaha prasada
SYNONYMS
tumi -- You; ta' -- indeed; isvara -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead;
saksat -- directly; ksama -- please excuse; aparadha -- offense; jiyao -
- bring back to consciousness; amara -- our; guru -- spiritual master;
karaha -- do; prasada -- this mercy.
TRANSLATION
They all prayed to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, addressing Him as the
Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself and saying, "Sir, please excuse
our offense. Please have mercy upon us and bring our spiritual master
back to life."
Madhya 9.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- sabe kaha 'krsna' 'krsna' 'hari'
guru-karne kaha krsna-nama ucca kari'
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; sabe -- all of you;
kaha -- chant; krsna krsna hari -- the holy names of Lord Krsna and Hari;
guru-karne -- near the ear of your spiritual master; kaha -- chant;
krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna; ucca kari' -- very loudly.
TRANSLATION
The Lord then replied to the Buddhist disciples: "You should all chant
the names of Krsna and Hari very loudly near the ear of your spiritual
master.
Madhya 9.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
toma-sabara 'guru' tabe paibe cetana
saba bauddha mili' kare krsna-sankirtana
SYNONYMS
toma-sabara -- all of you; guru -- the spiritual master; tabe -- then;
paibe -- will get; cetana -- consciousness; saba bauddha -- all the
Buddhist disciples; mili' -- coming together; kare -- do; krsna-
sankirtana -- chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra.
TRANSLATION
"By this method your spiritual master will regain his consciousness."
Following Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's advice, all the Buddhist disciples
began to chant the holy name of Krsna congregationally.
Madhya 9.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
guru-karne kahe sabe 'krsna' 'rama' 'hari'
cetana pana acarya bale 'hari' 'hari'
SYNONYMS
guru-karne -- into the ear of the spiritual master; kahe -- they said;
sabe -- all together; krsna rama hari -- the holy names of the Lord,
Krsna, Rama and Hari; cetana -- consciousness; pana --
getting; acarya -- the teacher; bale -- chanted; hari hari -- the name
of Lord Hari.
TRANSLATION
When all the disciples chanted the holy names Krsna, Rama and Hari, the
Buddhist teacher regained consciousness and immediately began to chant
the holy name of Lord Hari.
PURPORT
Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura comments that all the Buddhist
disciples were actually initiated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to chant
the holy name of Krsna, and when they chanted, they actually
became different persons. At that time they were not Buddhists or
atheists but Vaisnavas. Consequently they immediately accepted Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's order. Their original Krsna consciousness was
revived, and they were immediately able to chant Hare Krsna and begin
worshiping the Supreme Lord Visnu.
It is the spiritual master who delivers the disciple from the clutches
of maya by initiating him into the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-
mantra. In this way a sleeping human being can revive his consciousness
by chanting Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare Hare Rama,
Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. In other words, the spiritual master
awakens the sleeping living entity to his original consciousness so that
he can worship Lord Visnu. This is the purpose of diksa, or initiation.
Initiation means receiving the pure knowledge of spiritual consciousness.
One point to note in this regard is that the spiritual master of the
Buddhists did not initiate his disciples. Rather, his disciples were
initiated by Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and they in turn were able
to initiate their so-called spiritual master. This is the parampara
system. The so-called spiritual master of the Buddhists was actually in
the position of a disciple, and after his disciples were initiated by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, they acted as his spiritual masters. This was
possible only because the disciples of the Buddhist acarya received the
mercy of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Unless one is favored by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu in the disciplic succession, one cannot act as a
spiritual master. We should take the instructions of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the spiritual master of the whole universe, to understand
how one becomes a spiritual master and a disciple.
Madhya 9.62
TEXT 62
TEXT
krsna bali' acarya prabhure karena vinaya
dekhiya sakala loka ha-ila vismaya
SYNONYMS
krsna bali' -- chanting the holy name of Krsna; acarya -- the so-called
spiritual master of the Buddhists; prabhure -- unto Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; karena -- does; vinaya -- submission; dekhiya -- seeing this;
sakala loka -- all the people; ha-ila -- became; vismaya -- astonished.
TRANSLATION
When the spiritual master of the Buddhists began to chant the holy name
of Krsna and submitted to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all the people
who were gathered there were astonished.
Madhya 9.63
TEXT 63
TEXT
ei-rupe kautuka kari' sacira nandana
antardhana kaila, keha na paya darsana
SYNONYMS
ei-rupe -- in this way; kautuka kari' -- making fun; sacira nandana --
the son of mother Saci; antardhana kaila -- disappeared; keha -- anyone;
na -- does not; paya -- get; darsana -- audience.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the son of Sacidevi, then suddenly and
strangely disappeared from everyone's sight, and it was impossible for
anyone to find Him.
Madhya 9.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
mahaprabhu cali' aila tripati-trimalle
catur-bhuja murti dekhi' vyenkatadrye cale
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cali' aila -- arrived by
walking; tripati-trimalle -- at the holy places named Tripati and
Trimalla; catuh-bhuja -- four-handed; murti -- Deity; dekhi' -- seeing;
vyenkata-adrye -- to the holy place Vyenkata Hill; cale -- began to
proceed.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next arrived at Tirupati and Trimalla, where He
saw a four-handed Deity. Then He next proceeded toward Vyenkata Hill.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura has actually described the
chronological order of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's visit. The Tirupati
temple is sometimes called Tirupatura. It is situated on the northern
side of Arkata in the district of Candragiri. It is a famous holy place
of pilgrimage. In pursuance of His name, Vyenkatesvara, the four-handed
Lord Visnu, the Deity of Balaji, with His potencies named Sri and Bhu,
is located on Vyenkata Hill, about eight miles from Tirupati. This
Vyenkatesvara Deity is in the form of Lord Visnu, and the place where He
is situated is known as Vyenkata-ksetra. There are many temples in
southern India, but this Balaji temple is especially opulent. A great
fair is held there in the months of September and October.
There is a railway station called Tirupati on the southern railway.
Nimna-tirupati is located in the valley of the Vyenkata Hill. There
are several temples there also, among which are Govindaraja and the
Deity of Lord Ramacandra.
Madhya 9.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
tripati asiya kaila sri-rama darasana
raghu-natha-age kaila pranama stavana
SYNONYMS
tripati asiya -- coming to Tripati; kaila sri-rama darasana -- visited
the temple of Ramacandra; raghu-natha-age -- before Lord Ramacandra;
kaila -- did; pranama -- obeisances; stavana -- offering prayers.
TRANSLATION
After arriving at Tripati, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the
temple of Lord Ramacandra. He offered His prayers and obeisances before
Ramacandra, the descendant of King Raghu.
Madhya 9.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
sva-prabhave loka-sabara karana vismaya
pana-nrsimhe aila prabhu daya-maya
SYNONYMS
sva-prabhave -- by His own influence; loka-sabara -- of all the people;
karana -- inducing; vismaya -- astonishment; pana-nrsimhe -- to the Lord
named Pana-nrsimha; aila -- came; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
daya-maya -- the most merciful.
TRANSLATION
Everywhere Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went, His influence astonished
everyone. He next arrived at the temple of Pana-nrsimha. The Lord is so
merciful.
PURPORT
This Pana-nrsimha, or Panakal-narasimha, is located in the district of
Krsna in the hills known as Mangalagiri, about seven miles from a
city known as Vejaoyada. One must climb six hundred steps to reach the
temple. It is said that when the Lord is offered food with syrup here,
He does not take more than half. Within this temple is a conchshell
presented by the late king of Tanjor, and it is said that this shell
was used by Lord Krsna Himself. During the month of March, a great fair
takes place in this temple.
Madhya 9.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
nrsimhe pranati-stuti premavese kaila
prabhura prabhave loka camatkara haila
SYNONYMS
nrsimhe -- unto Lord Nrsimha; pranati-stuti -- obeisances and prayers;
prema-avese -- in ecstatic love; kaila -- offered; prabhura -- of the
Lord; prabhave -- by the influence; loka -- the people; camatkara haila -
- were astonished.
TRANSLATION
In great ecstatic love, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu offered obeisances and
prayers unto Lord Nrsimha. The people were astonished to see Lord
Caitanya's influence.
Madhya 9.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
siva-kanci asiya kaila siva darasana
prabhave 'vaisnava' kaila saba saiva-gana
SYNONYMS
siva-kanci -- to the holy place named Siva-kanci; asiya -- coming; kaila
-- did; siva darasana -- visiting the temple of Lord Siva; prabhave --
by His influence; vaisnava kaila -- turned into Vaisnavas; saba -- all;
saiva-gana -- the devotees of Lord Siva.
TRANSLATION
Arriving at Siva-kanci, Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the deity of Lord
Siva. By His influence, He converted all the devotees of Lord Siva into
Vaisnavas.
PURPORT
This Siva-kanci is also known as Kanjibhiram, or the Benares of southern
India. In Siva-kanci there are hundreds of symbolic
representations of Lord Siva, as well as a temple that is supposed
to be very, very old.
Madhya 9.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
visnu-kanci asi' dekhila laksmi-narayana
pranama kariya kaila bahuta stavana
SYNONYMS
visnu-kanci -- to the holy place named Visnu-kanci; asi' -- coming;
dekhila -- the Lord saw; laksmi-narayana -- the Deity of Lord Narayana
with mother Laksmi, the goddess of fortune; pranama kariya -- after
offering obeisances; kaila -- made; bahuta stavana -- many prayers.
TRANSLATION
The Lord then visited a holy place known as Visnu-kanci. He saw
there Laksmi-Narayana Deities, and He offered His respects and many
prayers to please Them.
PURPORT
Visnu-kanci is situated about five miles away from Kanjibhiram. It is
here that Lord Varadaraja, another form of Lord Visnu, resides. There is
also a big lake known as Ananta-sarovara.
Madhya 9.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
premavese nrtya-gita bahuta karila
dina-dui rahi' loke 'krsna-bhakta' kaila
SYNONYMS
prema-avese -- in ecstatic love; nrtya-gita -- dancing and chanting;
bahuta -- much; karila -- performed; dina-dui -- for two days; rahi' --
staying; loke -- the people in general; krsna-bhakta -- devotees of Lord
Krsna; kaila -- made.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu stayed at Visnu-kanci for two days, He
danced and performed kirtana in ecstasy. When all the people saw Him,
they were converted into devotees of Lord Krsna.
Madhya 9.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
trimalaya dekhi' gela trikala-hasti-sthane
mahadeva dekhi' tanre karila praname
SYNONYMS
trimalaya dekhi' -- after seeing Trimalaya; gela -- went; tri-kala-
hasti-sthane -- to the place named Trikala-hasti; maha-deva -- Lord
Siva; dekhi' -- seeing; tanre -- unto him; karila praname -- offered
obeisances.
TRANSLATION
After visiting Trimalaya, Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to see Trikala-hasti.
It was there that He saw Lord Siva and offered him all respects and
obeisances.
PURPORT
Trikala-hasti is situated about twenty-two miles
northeast of Tirupati. On its northern side is a river known as Suvarna-
mukhi. The temple of Trikala-hasti is located on the southern side of
the river. The place is generally known as Sri Kalahasti or Kalahasti
and is famous for its temple of Lord Siva. There he is called Vayulinga-
siva.
Madhya 9.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
paksi-tirtha dekhi' kaila siva darasana
vrddhakola-tirthe tabe karila gamana
SYNONYMS
paksi-tirtha dekhi' -- after visiting the place known as Paksi-tirtha;
kaila -- did; siva darasana -- visiting the temple of Lord Siva;
vrddhakola-tirthe -- to the holy place known as Vrddhakola; tabe -- then;
karila gamana -- went.
TRANSLATION
At Paksi-tirtha, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the temple of Lord
Siva. Then He went to the Vrddhakola place of pilgrimage.
PURPORT
This Paksi-tirtha is also called Tirukadi-kundam and is located nine
miles southeast of Cimlipat. It has a five-hundred-foot elevation and is
situated in a chain of hills known as Vedagiri or Vedacalam. There is a
temple of Lord Siva there, and the deity is known as Vedagirisvara. It
is said that two birds come there daily to receive food from the temple
priest, and it is claimed that these birds have been coming since time
immemorial.
Madhya 9.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
sveta-varaha dekhi, tanre namaskari'
pitambara-siva-sthane gela gaurahari
SYNONYMS
sveta-varaha -- the white boar incarnation; dekhi -- seeing; tanre --
unto Him; namaskari' -- offering respect; pita-ambara -- dressed with
yellow garments; siva-sthane -- to the temple of Lord Siva; gela -- went;
gaura-hari -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
At Vrddhakola, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the temple of Sveta-
varaha, the white boar. After offering Him respects, the
Lord visited the temple of Lord Siva, wherein the deity is dressed with
yellow garments.
PURPORT
The temple of the white boar incarnation is situated at Vrddhakola
. The temple is made of stone and is located about one mile
south of an oasis known as Balipitham. There is a Deity of the white
boar incarnation, above whose head Sesa Naga serves as an umbrella. The
deity of Lord Siva is known as Pitambara, and is also known as
Cidambaram. This temple is located twenty-six miles south of Kudalora,
and the deity there is also known as Akasalinga. The deity is in the
form of Lord Siva. This temple is situated on about thirty-nine acres of
land, and all this land is surrounded by a wall sixty feet high.
Madhya 9.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
siyali bhairavi devi kari' darasana
kaverira tire aila sacira nandana
SYNONYMS
siyali bhairavi -- Siyali-bhairavi; devi -- goddess; kari' darasana --
visiting; kaverira tire -- on the bank of the River Kaveri; aila -- came;
sacira nandana -- the son of mother Saci.
TRANSLATION
After visiting the temple of Siyali-bhairavi [another form of the
goddess Durga], Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the son of mother Saci, went to
the bank of the River Kaveri.
PURPORT
Siyali-bhairavi is located in the Tanjor district, about
forty-eight miles east of Tanjor City. There is a very
celebrated temple of Lord Siva there and also a very large lake. It is
said that one small boy, a devotee of Lord Siva, came to that
temple, and the goddess Durga, known as Bhairavi, gave him her breast to
suck. After visiting this temple, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the
bank of the River Kaveri via the district of Tricinapalli.
The Kaveri is mentioned in Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.40) as a very pious
river.
Madhya 9.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
go-samaje siva dekhi' aila vedavana
mahadeva dekhi' tanre karila vandana
SYNONYMS
go-samaje -- at the place named Go-samaja; siva dekhi' -- seeing the
deity of Lord Siva; aila vedavana -- He arrived at Vedavana; maha-
deva dekhi' -- seeing Lord Siva; tanre -- unto him; karila vandana --
offered prayers.
TRANSLATION
The Lord then visited a place known as Go-samaja, where He saw Lord Siva'
s temple. He then arrived at Vedavana, where He saw another deity of
Lord Siva and offered him prayers.
PURPORT
Go-samaja is a place of pilgrimage for the devotees of Lord Siva. It is
very important and is located next to Vedavana.
Madhya 9.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
amrtalinga-siva dekhi' vandana karila
saba sivalaye saiva 'vaisnava' ha-ila
SYNONYMS
amrta-linga-siva -- the Lord Siva deity named Amrtalinga; dekhi' --
seeing; vandana karila -- offered obeisances; saba siva-alaye -- in all
the temples of Lord Siva; saiva -- devotees of Lord Siva; vaisnava ha-
ila -- became devotees of Lord Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Seeing the Siva deity named Amrtalinga, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
offered His obeisances. Thus He visited all the temples of Lord Siva and
converted the devotees of Lord Siva into Vaisnavas.
Madhya 9.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
deva-sthane asi' kaila visnu darasana
sri-vaisnavera sange tahan gosthi anuksana
SYNONYMS
deva-sthane -- to the place known as Deva-sthana; asi' -- coming;
kaila -- did; visnu darasana -- visiting the temple of Lord Visnu; sri-
vaisnavera sange -- with the Vaisnavas in the disciplic succession of
Ramanuja; tahan -- there; gosthi -- discussion; anuksana -- always.
TRANSLATION
At Deva-sthana, Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the temple of Lord
Visnu, and there He talked with the Vaisnavas in the disciplic
succession of Ramanujacarya. These Vaisnavas are known as Sri Vaisnavas.
Madhya 9.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
kumbhakarna-kapale dekhi' sarovara
siva-ksetre siva dekhe gauranga-sundara
SYNONYMS
kumbhakarna-kapale -- at Kumbhakarna-kapala; dekhi' -- after seeing;
sarovara -- the lake; siva-ksetre -- at Siva-ksetra; siva -- Lord Siva;
dekhe -- sees; gauranga-sundara -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
At Kumbhakarna-kapala, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw a great lake and then
the holy place named Siva-ksetra, where a temple of Lord Siva is located.
PURPORT
Kumbhakarna is the name of the brother of Ravana. At the present moment
the city of Kumbhakonam is situated
twenty miles northeast of the city of Tanjor. There are twelve
temples of Lord Siva located at Kumbhakonam as well as four Visnu
temples and one temple to Lord Brahma. Siva-ksetra, within the city of
Tanjor, is situated near a big lake known as Siva-ganga. There
is a large temple to Lord Siva there known as Brhatisvara-siva-
mandira.
Madhya 9.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
papa-nasane visnu kaila darasana
sri-ranga-ksetre tabe karila gamana
SYNONYMS
papa-nasane -- at the place named Papanasana; visnu -- Lord Visnu; kaila
-- did; darasana -- visiting; sri-ranga-ksetre -- to the holy place
named Sri Ranga-ksetra; tabe -- then; karila -- did; gamana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
After visiting the holy place named Siva-ksetra, Caitanya Mahaprabhu
arrived at Papanasana and there saw the temple of Lord Visnu. Then He
finally reached Sri Ranga-ksetra.
PURPORT
According to some, the place known as Papanasana was located
eight miles southwest of Kumbhakonam. Others say that in the
district of Tinebheli there is a city known as Palamakota. Twenty
miles west of there is a holy place known as Papanasana near the
river named Tamraparni. Sri Ranga-ksetra is a very famous place. Near
Tricinapalli is a river named Kaveri, or Kolirana. A city known as Sri
Rangam is located on this river in the district of Tanjor
about ten miles west of Kumbhakonam. The Sri Ranga temple is the
largest in India, and there are seven walls surrounding it. There are
also seven roads leading to Sri Ranga. The ancient names of these roads
are the road of Dharma, the road of Rajamahendra, the road of
Kulasekhara, the road of Alinadana, the road of Tiruvikrama, the
Tirubidi road of Madamadi-gaisa, and the road of Ada-iyavala-indana. The
temple was founded before the reign of Dharmavarma, who reigned before
Rajamahendra. Many celebrated kings like Kulasekhara, and others
such as Alabandaru, resided in the temple of Sri Rangam. Yamunacarya,
Sri Ramanuja, Sudarsanacarya and others also supervised this temple.
The incarnation of the goddess of fortune known as Godadevi, who
was one of the twelve liberated persons known as divya-suris,
was married to the Deity, Lord Sri Ranganatha. Later she
entered into the body of the Lord. An incarnation of Karmuka,
Tirumanga (one of the Alovaras), acquired some money by stealing,
and built the fourth boundary wall of Sri Rangam. It is said that in the
year 289 of the age of Kali, the Alovara of the name Tondaradippadi was
born. While engaged in devotional service, he became victim to a
prostitute, and Sri Ranganatha, seeing His devotee so degraded, sent one
of His servants with a golden plate to that prostitute. When the golden
plate was discovered missing from the temple, there was a search, and it
was found in the prostitute's house. When the devotee saw Ranganatha's
mercy upon this prostitute, his mistake was rectified. He then prepared
the third boundary wall of Ranganatha temple and cultivated a tulasi
garden there.
There was also a celebrated disciple of Ramanujacarya's known as Kuresa.
Sri Ramapillai was the son of Kuresa, and his son was Vagvijaya Bhatta,
whose son was Vedavyasa Bhatta, or Sri Sudarsanacarya. When
Sudarsanacarya was an old man, the Mohammedens attacked the temple of
Ranganatha and killed about twelve hundred Sri Vaisnavas. At that time
the Deity Ranganatha was transferred to the temple of Tirupati in
the kingdom of Vijaya-nagara. The governor of Gingi, Goppanarya,
brought Sri Ranganatha from the temple of Tirupati to a place known as
Simha-brahma, where the Lord was situated for three years. In the year
1293 Saka the Deity was again reinstalled in the Ranganatha
temple. On the eastern wall of the Ranganatha temple is an inscription
written by Vedanta-desika relating how Ranganatha was returned to the
temple.
Madhya 9.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
kaverite snana kari' dekhi' ranganatha
stuti-pranati kari' manila krtartha
SYNONYMS
kaverite -- in the river known as Kaveri; snana kari' -- after bathing;
dekhi' -- visiting; ranga-natha -- the Ranganatha temple; stuti --
prayers; pranati -- obeisances; kari' -- offering; manila -- thought
Himself; krta-artha -- very successful.
TRANSLATION
After bathing in the River Kaveri, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw the
temple of Ranganatha and offered His ardent prayers and obeisances. Thus
He felt Himself successful.
Madhya 9.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
premavese kaila bahuta gana nartana
dekhi' camatkara haila saba lokera mana
SYNONYMS
prema-avese -- in the ecstasy of love; kaila -- did; bahuta -- various;
gana -- songs; nartana -- dancing; dekhi' -- seeing which; camatkara --
astonished; haila -- were; saba -- all; lokera -- of persons; mana --
minds.
TRANSLATION
In the temple of Ranganatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu chanted and danced
in ecstatic love of Godhead. Seeing His performance, everyone was struck
with wonder.
Madhya 9.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
sri-vaisnava eka, -- 'vyenkata bhatta' nama
prabhure nimantrana kaila kariya sammana
SYNONYMS
sri-vaisnava eka -- one devotee belonging to the Ramanuja-sampradaya;
vyenkata bhatta -- Vyenkata Bhatta; nama -- named; prabhure -- unto Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nimantrana -- invitation; kaila -- did; kariya --
offering; sammana -- great respect.
TRANSLATION
One Vaisnava known as Vyenkata Bhatta then invited Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu to his home with great respect.
PURPORT
Sri Vyenkata Bhatta was a Vaisnava brahmana and an inhabitant of Sri
Ranga-ksetra. He belonged to the disciplic succession of Sri
Ramanujacarya. Sri Ranga is one of the places of pilgrimage in the
province of Tamila-desa. The inhabitants of that province do not retain
the name Vyenkata. It is therefore supposed that Vyenkata Bhatta did not
belong to that province, although he may have been residing there for a
very long time. Vyenkata Bhatta was in a branch of the Ramanuja-
sampradaya known as Badagala-i. He had a brother in the Ramanuja-
sampradaya known as Sripada Prabodhananda Sarasvati. The son of Vyenkata
Bhatta was later known in the Gaudiya-sampradaya as Gopala Bhatta
Gosvami, and he established the Radharamana temple in Vrndavana. More
information about him may be found in a book known as Bhakti-
ratnakara (1.100) by Narahari Cakravarti.
Madhya 9.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
nija-ghare lana kaila pada-praksalana
sei jala lana kaila sa-vamse bhaksana
SYNONYMS
nija-ghare -- to his own home; lana -- bringing; kaila -- did; pada-
praksalana -- washing of the feet; sei jala -- that water; lana --
taking; kaila -- did; sa-vamse -- with all the family members; bhaksana -
- drinking.
TRANSLATION
Sri Vyenkata Bhatta took Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to his home. After he
washed the Lord's feet, all the members of his family drank the water.
Madhya 9.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
bhiksa karana kichu kaila nivedana
caturmasya asi' prabhu, haila upasanna
SYNONYMS
bhiksa karana -- after offering lunch; kichu -- some; kaila -- did;
nivedana -- submission; caturmasya -- the period of Caturmasya; asi' --
coming; prabhu -- my Lord; haila upasanna -- has already arrived.
TRANSLATION
After offering lunch to the Lord, Vyenkata Bhatta submitted that the
period of Caturmasya had already arrived.
Madhya 9.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
caturmasye krpa kari' raha mora ghare
krsna-katha kahi' krpaya uddhara' amare
SYNONYMS
caturmasye -- during this period of Caturmasya; krpa kari' -- being
merciful; raha -- please stay; mora ghare -- at my place; krsna-katha --
topics of Lord Krsna; kahi' -- speaking; krpaya -- by Your mercy;
uddhara' amare -- kindly deliver me.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta said, "Please be merciful to me and stay at my house
during Caturmasya. Speak about Lord Krsna's pastimes and kindly deliver
me by Your mercy."
Madhya 9.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
tanra ghare rahila prabhu krsna-katha-rase
bhatta-sange gonaila sukhe cari mase
SYNONYMS
tanra ghare -- in his home; rahila -- stayed; prabhu -- Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-katha-rase -- enjoying the transcendental
mellow of discussing Lord Krsna's pastimes; bhatta-sange -- with
Vyenkata Bhatta; gonaila -- passed; sukhe -- in happiness; cari mase --
four months.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu remained at the house of Vyenkata Bhatta for
four continuous months. The Lord passed His days in great happiness,
enjoying the transcendental mellow of discussing Lord Krsna's pastimes.
Madhya 9.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
kaverite snana kari' sri-ranga darsana
pratidina premavese karena nartana
SYNONYMS
kaverite -- in the river known as Kaveri; snana kari' -- taking a bath;
sri-ranga darsana -- visiting the temple of Sri Ranga; prati-dina --
every day; prema-avese -- in great happiness; karena -- does perform;
nartana -- dancing.
TRANSLATION
While there, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took His bath in the River Kaveri
and visited the temple of Sri Ranga. Every day the Lord also danced in
ecstasy.
Madhya 9.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
saundaryadi premavesa dekhi, sarva-loka
dekhibare aise, dekhe, khande duhkha-soka
SYNONYMS
saundarya-adi -- the beauty of the body, etc.; prema-avesa -- His
ecstatic love; dekhi -- seeing; sarva-loka -- all men; dekhibare -- to
see; aise -- come there; dekhe -- and see; khande duhkha-soka -- are
relieved from all unhappiness and distress.
TRANSLATION
The beauty of Lord Caitanya's body and His ecstatic love of God were
witnessed by everyone. Many people used to come see Him, and as soon as
they saw Him, all their unhappiness and distress vanished.
Madhya 9.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
laksa laksa loka aila nana-desa haite
sabe krsna-nama kahe prabhuke dekhite
SYNONYMS
laksa laksa -- many hundreds of thousands; loka -- of people; aila --
came there; nana-desa -- different countries; haite -- from; sabe -- all
of them; krsna-nama kahe -- chant the Hare Krsna maha-mantra; prabhuke --
the Lord; dekhite -- seeing.
TRANSLATION
Many hundreds of thousands of people from various countries came to see
the Lord, and after seeing Him, they all chanted the Hare Krsna maha-
mantra.
Madhya 9.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
krsna-nama vina keha nahi kahe ara
sabe krsna-bhakta haila, -- loke camatkara
SYNONYMS
krsna-nama vina -- without chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra; keha --
anyone; nahi -- does not; kahe -- speak; ara -- anything else; sabe --
all of them; krsna-bhakta -- Lord Krsna's devotees; haila -- became;
loke -- the people; camatkara -- astonished.
TRANSLATION
Indeed, they did not chant anything but the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, and
all of them became Lord Krsna's devotees. Thus the general populace was
astonished.
Madhya 9.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
sri-ranga-ksetre vaise yata vaisnava-brahmana
eka eka dina sabe kaila nimantrana
SYNONYMS
sri-ranga-ksetre -- in Sri Ranga-ksetra; vaise -- residing; yata -- all;
vaisnava-brahmana -- Vaisnava brahmanas; eka eka dina -- every day; sabe
-- all of them; kaila nimantrana -- invited the Lord.
TRANSLATION
All the Vaisnava brahmanas residing in Sri Ranga-ksetra invited the Lord
to their homes every day.
Madhya 9.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
eka eka dine caturmasya purna haila
kataka brahmana bhiksa dite na paila
SYNONYMS
eka eka dine -- day by day; caturmasya -- the period of Caturmasya;
purna haila -- became filled; kataka brahmana -- some of the brahmanas;
bhiksa dite -- to offer Him lunch; na -- did not; paila -- get the
opportunity.
TRANSLATION
Each day the Lord was invited by a different brahmana, but some of them
did not get the opportunity to offer Him lunch because the
period of Caturmasya came to an end.
Madhya 9.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
sei ksetre rahe eka vaisnava-brahmana
devalaye asi' kare gita avartana
SYNONYMS
sei ksetre -- in that holy place; rahe -- there was; eka -- one;
vaisnava-brahmana -- a brahmana following the Vaisnava cult; deva-alaye -
- in the temple; asi' -- coming; kare -- does; gita -- of Bhagavad-
gita; avartana -- recitation.
TRANSLATION
In the holy place of Sri Ranga-ksetra, a brahmana Vaisnava used to visit
the temple daily and recite the entire text of Bhagavad-gita.
Madhya 9.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
astadasadhyaya pade ananda-avese
asuddha padena, loka kare upahase
SYNONYMS
astadasa-adhyaya -- eighteen chapters; pade -- reads; ananda-avese -- in
great ecstasy; asuddha padena -- could not pronounce the text correctly;
loka -- people in general; kare -- do; upahase -- joking.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana regularly read the eighteen chapters of Bhagavad-gita
in great transcendental ecstasy, but because he could not pronounce the
words correctly, people used to joke about him.
Madhya 9.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
keha hase, keha ninde, taha nahi mane
avista hana gita pade anandita-mane
SYNONYMS
keha hase -- someone laughs; keha ninde -- someone criticizes; taha --
that; nahi mane -- he does not care for; avista hana -- being in great
ecstasy; gita pade -- reads Bhagavad-gita; anandita -- in great
happiness; mane -- his mind.
TRANSLATION
Due to his incorrect pronunciation, people sometimes criticized him and
laughed at him, but he did not care. He was full of ecstasy due to
reading Bhagavad-gita and was personally very happy.
Madhya 9.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
pulakasru, kampa, sveda, -- yavat pathana
dekhi' anandita haila mahaprabhura mana
SYNONYMS
pulaka -- standing of the hairs of the body; asru -- tears; kampa --
trembling; sveda -- perspiration; yavat -- during; pathana -- the
reading of the book; dekhi' -- seeing this; anandita -- very happy;
haila -- became; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; mana -- the
mind.
TRANSLATION
While reading the book, the brahmana experienced transcendental bodily
transformations. His hair stood on end, tears welled in
his eyes, and his body trembled and perspired as he read. Seeing this,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu became very happy.
PURPORT
Although the brahmana could not pronounce the words very well due to
illiteracy, he still experienced ecstatic symptoms while reading
Bhagavad-gita. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to observe these
symptoms, and this indicates that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is
pleased by devotion, not by erudite scholarship. Even though the words
were imperfectly pronounced, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Lord Krsna Himself,
did not think this very serious. Rather, the Lord was pleased by the
bhava (devotion). In Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.5.11) this is confirmed:
tad-vag-visargo janatagha-viplavo
yasmin prati-slokam abaddhavaty api
namany anantasya yaso-'nkitani yat
srnvanti gayanti grnanti sadhavah
"On the other hand, that literature which is full of descriptions of the
transcendental glories of the name, fame, forms and pastimes of the
unlimited Supreme Lord is a different creation, full of transcendental
words directed toward bringing about a revolution in the impious lives
of this world's misdirected civilization. Such transcendental
literatures, even though imperfectly composed, are heard, sung and
accepted by purified men who are thoroughly honest."
The purport to this verse may be considered for further information on
this subject.
Madhya 9.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
mahaprabhu puchila tanre, suna, mahasaya
kon artha jani' tomara eta sukha haya
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; puchila -- inquired; tanre --
from him; suna -- please hear; maha-asaya -- My dear sir; kon -- what;
artha -- meaning; jani' -- knowing; tomara -- your; eta -- so great;
sukha -- happiness; haya -- is.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked the brahmana, "My dear sir, why are you in
such ecstatic love? Which portion of Bhagavad-gita gives you such
transcendental pleasure?"
Madhya 9.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
vipra kahe, -- murkha ami, sabdartha na jani
suddhasuddha gita padi, guru-ajna mani'
SYNONYMS
vipra kahe -- the brahmana replied; murkha ami -- I am illiterate; sabda-
artha -- the meaning of the words; na jani -- I do not know; suddha-
asuddha -- sometimes correct and sometimes not correct; gita --
Bhagavad-gita; padi -- I read; guru-ajna -- the order of my spiritual
master; mani' -- accepting.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana replied, "I am illiterate and therefore do not know the
meaning of the words. Sometimes I read Bhagavad-gita correctly and
sometimes incorrectly, but in any case I am doing this in compliance
with the orders of my spiritual master."
PURPORT
This is a good example of a person who had become so successful that he
was able to capture the attention of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu even while
reading Bhagavad-gita incorrectly. His spiritual activities did not
depend on material things such as correct pronunciation. Rather, his
success depended on strictly following the instructions of his spiritual
master.
yasya deve para bhaktir
yatha deve tatha gurau
tasyaite kathita hy arthah
prakasante mahatmanah
"Only unto those great souls who have implicit faith in both the Lord
and the spiritual master are all the imports of Vedic knowledge
automatically revealed." (Svet. Up. 6.23)
Actually the meaning of the words of Bhagavad-gita or Srimad-
Bhagavatam are revealed to one strictly following the orders of the
spiritual master. They are also revealed to one who has equal faith in
the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In other words, being faithful to
both Krsna and the spiritual master is the secret of success in
spiritual life.
Madhya 9.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
arjunera rathe krsna haya rajju-dhara
vasiyache hate totra syamala sundara
SYNONYMS
arjunera -- of Arjuna; rathe -- in the chariot; krsna -- Lord Krsna;
haya -- is; rajju-dhara -- holding the reins; vasiyache -- He was
sitting there; hate -- in the hand; totra -- a bridle; syamala --
blackish; sundara -- very beautiful.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana continued, "Actually I only see a picture of Lord Krsna
sitting on a chariot as Arjuna's charioteer. Taking the reins in His
hands, He appears very beautiful and blackish.
Madhya 9.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
arjunere kahitechena hita-upadesa
tanre dekhi' haya mora ananda-avesa
SYNONYMS
arjunere -- unto Arjuna; kahitechena -- He is speaking; hita-upadesa --
good instruction; tanre -- Him; dekhi' -- seeing; haya -- there is; mora
-- my; ananda -- transcendental happiness; avesa -- ecstasy.
TRANSLATION
"When I see the picture of Lord Krsna sitting in a chariot and
instructing Arjuna, I am filled with ecstatic happiness.
Madhya 9.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
yavat padon, tavat pana tanra darasana
ei lagi' gita-patha na chade mora mana
SYNONYMS
yavat -- as long as; padon -- I read; tavat -- so long; pana -- I get;
tanra -- His; darasana -- audience; ei lagi' -- for this reason; gita-
patha -- reading Bhagavad-gita; na chade -- does not quit; mora mana
-- my mind.
TRANSLATION
"As long as I read Bhagavad-gita, I simply see the Lord's beautiful
features. It is for this reason that I am reading Bhagavad-gita, and
my mind cannot be distracted from this."
Madhya 9.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- gita-pathe tomara-i adhikara
tumi se janaha ei gitara artha-sara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; gita-pathe -- in reading Bhagavad-
gita; tomarai adhikara -- you have the proper authority; tumi -- you; se
-- that; janaha -- know; ei -- this; gitara -- of Bhagavad-gita;
artha-sara -- the real purport.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu told the brahmana, "Indeed, you are an authority
in the reading of Bhagavad-gita. Whatever you know constitutes the
real purport of Bhagavad-gita."
PURPORT
According to the sastras: bhaktya bhagavatam grahyam na buddhya na ca
tikaya. One should understand Bhagavad-gita and Srimad-Bhagavatam by
hearing them from a real devotee. One cannot understand them simply by
erudite scholarship or sharp intelligence. It is also said:
gitadhita ca yenapi
bhakti-bhavena cetasa
veda-sastra-puranani
tenadhitani sarvasah
To one who reads Bhagavad-gita with faith and devotion, the essence
of Vedic knowledge is revealed. According to the Svetasvatara
Upanisad (6.23):
yasya deve para bhaktir
yatha deve tatha gurau
tasyaite kathita hy arthah
prakasante mahatmanah
All Vedic literatures are to be understood with faith and devotion,
not by mundane scholarship. We therefore present Bhagavad-gita As
It Is. There are many so-called scholars and philosophers who read
Bhagavad-gita in a scholarly way. They simply waste their time and
mislead those who read their commentaries.
Madhya 9.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
eta bali' sei vipre kaila alingana
prabhu-pada dhari' vipra karena rodana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; sei vipre -- that brahmana; kaila alingana --
He embraced; prabhu-pada -- the lotus feet of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; dhari' -- catching; vipra -- the brahmana; karena -- does;
rodana -- crying.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced the brahmana, and
the brahmana, catching the lotus feet of the Lord, began to cry.
Madhya 9.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
toma dekhi' taha haite dvi-guna sukha haya
sei krsna tumi, -- hena mora mane laya
SYNONYMS
toma dekhi' -- by seeing You; taha haite -- than the vision of Lord
Krsna; dvi-guna -- twice as much; sukha -- happiness; haya -- there is;
sei krsna -- that Lord Krsna; tumi -- You are; hena -- such; mora -- my;
mane -- in the mind; laya -- takes.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana said, "Upon seeing You, my happiness is doubled. I take it
that You are the same Lord Krsna."
Madhya 9.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
krsna-sphurtye tanra mana hanache nirmala
ataeva prabhura tattva janila sakala
SYNONYMS
krsna-sphurtye -- by revelation of Lord Krsna; tanra -- his; mana --
mind; hanache -- did become; nirmala -- purified; ataeva -- therefore;
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tattva -- truth; janila --
could understand; sakala -- all.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana's mind was purified by the revelation of
Lord Krsna, and therefore he could understand the truth of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu in all details.
Madhya 9.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanre karaila siksana
ei vat kahan na kariha prakasana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- then; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto the
brahmana; karaila -- made; siksana -- instruction; ei vat -- this
version; kahan -- anywhere; na -- do not; kariha -- do; prakasana --
revelation.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then taught the brahmana very thoroughly and
requested him not to disclose the fact that He was Lord Krsna Himself.
Madhya 9.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
sei vipra mahaprabhura bada bhakta haila
cari masa prabhu-sanga kabhu na chadila
SYNONYMS
sei vipra -- that brahmana; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bada -- big; bhakta -- devotee; haila -- became; cari masa -- for four
months; prabhu-sanga -- association of the Lord; kabhu -- at any time;
na -- did not; chadila -- give up.
TRANSLATION
That brahmana became a great devotee of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and for
four continuous months he did not give up the Lord's company.
Madhya 9.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
ei-mata bhatta-grhe rahe gauracandra
nirantara bhatta-sange krsna-kathananda
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; bhatta-grhe -- in the house of Vyenkata Bhatta;
rahe -- remained; gaura-candra -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
nirantara -- constantly; bhatta-sange -- with Vyenkata Bhatta; krsna-
katha-ananda -- the transcendental bliss of talking about Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu remained at the house of Vyenkata Bhatta and
constantly talked about Lord Krsna. In this way He was very
happy.
Madhya 9.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
sri-vaisnava' bhatta seve laksmi-narayana
tanra bhakti dekhi' prabhura tusta haila mana
SYNONYMS
sri-vaisnava -- a devotee of the Ramanuja-sampradaya; bhatta -- Vyenkata
Bhatta; seve -- used to worship; laksmi-narayana -- the Deities of Lord
Narayana and the goddess of fortune, Laksmi; tanra -- his; bhakti --
devotion; dekhi' -- seeing; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
tusta -- happy; haila -- became; mana -- the mind.
TRANSLATION
Being a Vaisnava in the Ramanuja-sampradaya, Vyenkata Bhatta worshiped
the Deity of Laksmi and Narayana. Seeing his pure devotion, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very satisfied.
Madhya 9.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
nirantara tanra sange haila sakhya-bhava
hasya-parihase dunhe sakhyera svabhava
SYNONYMS
nirantara -- constantly; tanra sange -- being associated with him; haila
-- there was; sakhya-bhava -- a friendly relationship; hasya -- laughing;
parihase -- joking; dunhe -- both of them; sakhyera -- of fraternity;
sva-bhava -- nature.
TRANSLATION
Constantly associating with one another, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and
Vyenkata Bhatta gradually developed a friendly relationship. Indeed,
sometimes they laughed and joked together.
Madhya 9.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- bhatta, tomara laksmi-thakurani
kanta-vaksah-sthita, pativrata-siromani
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; bhatta -- My dear
Bhattacarya; tomara -- your; laksmi-thakurani -- goddess of fortune;
kanta -- of her husband, Narayana; vaksah-sthita -- situated on the
chest; pati-vrata -- chaste woman; siromani -- the topmost.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu told Bhattacarya, "Your worshipable goddess
of fortune, Laksmi, always remains on the chest of Narayana, and she is
certainly the most chaste woman in the creation.
Madhya 9.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
amara thakura krsna -- gopa, go-caraka
sadhvi hana kene cahe tanhara sangama
SYNONYMS
amara thakura -- My worshipable Deity; krsna -- Lord Krsna; gopa --
cowherd; go-caraka -- a tender of cows; sadhvi hana -- being so chaste;
kene -- why; cahe -- wants; tanhara -- His; sangama -- association.
TRANSLATION
"However, my Lord is Lord Sri Krsna, a cowherd boy who is engaged in
tending cows. Why is it that Laksmi, being such a chaste wife, wants to
associate with My Lord?
Madhya 9.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
ei lagi' sukha-bhoga chadi' cira-kala
vrata-niyama kari' tapa karila apara
SYNONYMS
ei lagi' -- for this reason; sukha-bhoga -- the enjoyment of Vaikuntha;
chadi' -- giving up; cira-kala -- for a long time; vrata-niyama -- vows
and regulative principles; kari' -- accepting; tapa -- austerity; karila
apara -- performed unlimitedly.
TRANSLATION
"Just to associate with Krsna, Laksmi abandoned all transcendental
happiness in Vaikuntha and for a long time accepted vows and regulative
principles and performed unlimited austerities."
Madhya 9.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
kasyanubhavo 'sya na deva vidmahe
tavanghri-renu-sparasadhikarah
yad-vanchaya srir lalanacarat tapo
vihaya kaman suciram dhrta-vrata
SYNONYMS
kasya -- of what; anubhavah -- a result; asya -- of the serpent (Kaliya);
na -- not; deva -- O Lord; vidmahe -- we know; tava anghri -- of Your
lotus feet; renu -- of the dust; sparasa -- for touching; adhikarah --
qualification; yat -- which; vanchaya -- by desiring; srih -- the
goddess of fortune; lalana -- the topmost woman; acarat -- performed;
tapah -- austerity; vihaya -- giving up; kaman -- all desires; su-ciram -
- for a long time; dhrta -- a law upheld; vrata -- as a vow.
TRANSLATION
Caitanya Mahaprabhu then said, " 'O Lord, we do not know how the serpent
Kaliya attained such an opportunity to be touched by the dust of Your
lotus feet. Even the goddess of fortune, for this end, performed
austerities for centuries, giving up all other desires and taking
austere vows. Indeed, we do not know how the serpent Kaliya got such an
opportunity.' "
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.16.36) spoken by
the wives of the Kaliya serpent.
Madhya 9.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
bhatta kahe, krsna-narayana -- eka-i svarupa
krsnete adhika lila-vaidagdhyadi-rupa
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- Vyenkata Bhatta said; krsna-narayana -- Krsna and
Narayana; eka-i svarupa -- one and the same; krsnete -- in Lord Krsna;
adhika -- more; lila -- pastimes; vaidagdhya-adi-rupa -- sportive nature.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta then said, "Lord Krsna and Lord Narayana are one and the
same, but the pastimes of Krsna are more relishable due to their
sportive nature.
Madhya 9.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
tara sparse nahi yaya pativrata-dharma
kautuke laksmi cahena krsnera sangama
SYNONYMS
tara sparse -- by the touching of Krsna by Laksmi; nahi -- does not;
yaya -- disappear; pati-vrata-dharma -- the vow of chastity; kautuke --
in great fun; laksmi -- the goddess of fortune; cahena -- wants; krsnera
-- of Lord Krsna; sangama -- association.
TRANSLATION
"Since Krsna and Narayana are both the same personality, Laksmi's
association with Krsna does not break her vow of chastity. Rather, it
was in great fun that the goddess of fortune wanted to associate with
Lord Krsna."
PURPORT
This is an answer to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's question, and from
this we can understand that Vyenkata Bhatta knew the truth. He told Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu that Narayana is a form of Krsna associated with
transcendental opulence. Although Krsna is two-armed and Narayana four-
armed, there is no difference in the person. They are one and the same.
Narayana is as beautiful as Krsna, but Krsna's pastimes are more
sportive. It is not that the sportive pastimes of Krsna make Him
different from Narayana. Laksmi's desiring to associate with Krsna was
perfectly natural. In other words, it is understandable that a chaste
woman wants to associate with her husband in all his different dresses.
Therefore one should not criticize Laksmi for wanting to associate with
Krsna.
Madhya 9.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
siddhantatas tv abhede 'pi
srisa-krsna-svarupayoh
rasenotkrsyate krsna-
rupam esa rasa-sthitih
SYNONYMS
siddhantatah -- in reality; tu -- but; abhede -- no difference; api --
although; sri-isa -- of the husband of Laksmi, Narayana; krsna -- of
Lord Krsna; sva-rupayoh -- between the forms; rasena -- by
transcendental mellows; utkrsyate -- is superior; krsna-rupam -- the
form of Lord Krsna; esa -- this; rasa-sthitih -- reservoir of pleasure.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta continued, " 'According to transcendental realization,
there is no difference between the forms of Narayana and Krsna. Yet in
Krsna there is a special transcendental attraction due to the conjugal
mellow, and consequently He surpasses Narayana. This is the conclusion
of transcendental mellows.'
PURPORT
This verse quoted by Vyenkata Bhatta is also found in Bhakti-
rasamrta-sindhu (1.2.59).
Madhya 9.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
krsna-sange pativrata-dharma nahe nasa
adhika labha paiye, ara rasa-vilasa
SYNONYMS
krsna-sange -- in the association of Lord Krsna; pati-vrata -- of
chastity; dharma -- vow; nahe -- is not; nasa -- lost; adhika -- more;
labha -- profit; paiye -- I get; ara -- also; rasa-vilasa -- the
enjoyment in the rasa dance.
TRANSLATION
"The goddess of fortune considered that her vow of chastity would not be
damaged by her relationship with Krsna. Rather, by associating with
Krsna she could enjoy the benefit of the rasa dance."
Madhya 9.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
vinodini laksmira haya krsne abhilasa
ihate ki dosa, kene kara parihasa
SYNONYMS
vinodini -- the enjoyer; laksmira -- of the goddess of fortune; haya --
there is; krsne -- for Lord Krsna; abhilasa -- desire; ihate -- in this;
ki -- what; dosa -- fault; kene -- why; kara -- You do; parihasa --
joking.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta further explained, "Mother Laksmi, the goddess of
fortune, is also an enjoyer of transcendental bliss; therefore if she
wanted to enjoy herself with Krsna, what fault is there? Why are You
joking so about this?"
Madhya 9.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- dosa nahi, iha ami jani
rasa na paila laksmi, sastre iha suni
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; dosa nahi -- there is no fault; iha ami
jani -- this I know; rasa na paila laksmi -- Laksmi, the goddess of
fortune, could not join the rasa dance; sastre iha suni -- we get this
information from revealed scriptures.
TRANSLATION
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "I know that there is no fault on the
part of the goddess of fortune, but still she could not enter into the
rasa dance. We hear this from revealed scriptures.
Madhya 9.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
nayam sriyo 'nga u nitanta-rateh prasadah
svar-yositam nalina-gandha-rucam kuto 'nyah
rasotsave 'sya bhuja-danda-grhita-kantha-
labdhasisam ya udagad vraja-sundarinam
SYNONYMS
na -- not; ayam -- this; sriyah -- of the goddess of fortune; ange -- on
the chest; u -- alas; nitanta-rateh -- one who is very intimately
related; prasadah -- the favor; svah -- of the heavenly planets; yositam
-- of women; nalina -- of the lotus flower; gandha -- having the aroma;
rucam -- and bodily luster; kutah -- much less; anyah -- others; rasa-
utsave -- in the festival of the rasa dance; asya -- of Lord Sri Krsna;
bhuja-danda -- by the arms; grhita -- embraced; kantha -- their necks;
labdha-asisam -- who achieved such a blessing; yah -- which; udagat --
became manifest; vraja-sundarinam -- of the beautiful gopis, the
transcendental girls.
TRANSLATION
" 'When Lord Sri Krsna was dancing with the gopis in the rasa-lila, He
put His arms around their necks and embraced them. This
transcendental favor was never granted to the goddess of fortune or
other consorts in the spiritual world. Nor was such a thing ever
imagined by the most beautiful girls from the heavenly planets, girls
whose bodily luster and aroma exactly resemble
lotus flowers. And what to speak of worldly women who may be very,
very beautiful by material estimation?'
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.47.60).
Madhya 9.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
laksmi kene na paila, ihara ki karana
tapa kari' kaiche krsna paila sruti-gana
SYNONYMS
laksmi -- the goddess of fortune; kene -- why; na -- did not; paila --
get; ihara -- of this; ki -- what; karana -- cause; tapa kari' --
undergoing severe austerities; kaiche -- how; krsna -- Lord Krsna; paila
-- attained; sruti-gana -- Vedic authorities.
TRANSLATION
"But can you tell me why the goddess of fortune, Laksmi, could not enter
the rasa dance? The authorities of Vedic knowledge could enter the dance
and associate with Krsna.
Madhya 9.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
nibhrta-marun-mano-'ksa-drdha-yoga-yujo hrdi yan-
munaya upasate tad arayo 'pi yayuh smaranat
striya uragendra-bhoga-bhuja-danda-visakta-dhiyo
vayam api te samah samadrso 'nghri-saroja-sudhah
SYNONYMS
nibhrta -- controlled; marut -- the life air; manah -- the mind; aksa --
the senses; drdha -- strong; yoga -- in the mystic yoga process; yujah --
who are engaged; hrdi -- within the heart; yat -- who; munayah -- the
great sages; upasate -- worship; tat -- that; arayah -- the enemies; api
-- also; yayuh -- obtain; smaranat -- from remembering; striyah -- the
gopis; uraga-indra -- of serpents; bhoga -- like the bodies; bhuja --
the arms; danda -- like rods; visakta -- fastened to; dhiyah -- whose
minds; vayam api -- we also; te -- Your; samah -- equal to them; sama-
drsah -- having the same ecstatic emotions; anghri-saroja -- of the
lotus feet; sudhah -- the nectar.
TRANSLATION
" 'Great sages, by practicing the mystic yoga
system and controlling the breath, conquer the mind and senses. Thus
engaging in mystic yoga and seeing the Supersoul within their hearts,
they ultimately enter into impersonal Brahman, along with the enemies of
the Supreme Personality of Godhead
. However, the damsels of Vraja, the gopis,
want to embrace Krsna
and His arms, which are like serpents. Being attracted by the beauty of
Krsna, the gopis ultimately tasted the nectar of the lotus feet of the
Lord. The Upanisads have also tasted the nectar of His lotus
feet by following in the footsteps of the gopis.' "
PURPORT
This verse is from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.87.23).
Madhya 9.124
TEXT 124
TEXT
sruti paya, laksmi na paya, ithe ki karana
bhatta kahe, -- iha pravesite nare mora mana
SYNONYMS
sruti paya -- the Vedic authorities got admission; laksmi na paya -- and
the goddess of fortune could not get admission; ithe ki karana -- what
must be the reason for this; bhatta kahe -- Vyenkata Bhatta replied; iha
-- this; pravesite -- to enter; nare -- is not able; mora -- my; mana --
mind.
TRANSLATION
Having been asked by Caitanya Mahaprabhu why the goddess of fortune
could not enter into the rasa dance whereas the authorities on Vedic
knowledge could, Vyenkata Bhatta replied, "I cannot enter into the
mysteries of this behavior."
Madhya 9.125
TEXT 125
TEXT
ami jiva, -- ksudra-buddhi, sahaje asthira
isvarera lila -- koti-samudra-gambhira
SYNONYMS
ami jiva -- I am an ordinary living being; ksudra-buddhi -- possessing
limited intelligence; sahaje asthira -- very easily agitated; isvarera
lila -- the pastimes of the Lord; koti-samudra -- as millions of oceans;
gambhira -- as deep.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta then admitted, "I am an ordinary human being. Since my
intelligence is very limited and I am easily agitated, my mind cannot
enter within the deep ocean of the pastimes of the Lord.
Madhya 9.126
TEXT 126
TEXT
tumi saksat sei krsna, jana nija-karma
yare janaha, sei jane tomara lila-marma
SYNONYMS
tumi -- You; saksat -- directly; sei -- that; krsna -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; jana -- You know; nija-karma -- Your activities;
yare janaha -- and unto whom You make it known; sei -- that person; jane
-- knows; tomara -- Your; lila-marma -- the purport of the pastimes.
TRANSLATION
"You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna Himself. You know the
purpose of Your activities, and the person whom You enlighten can also
understand Your pastimes."
PURPORT
The Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna and His pastimes cannot be
understood by blunt material senses. One has to purify the senses by
rendering transcendental loving service unto the Lord. When the Lord is
pleased and reveals Himself, one can understand the transcendental form,
name, qualities and pastimes of the Lord. This is confirmed in the Katha
Upanisad (2.23) and in the Mundaka Upanisad (3.2.3): yam evaisa vrnute
tena labhyas tasyaisa atma vivrnute tanum svam. "Anyone who is favored
by the Supreme Personality of Godhead can understand His transcendental
name, qualities, form and pastimes."
Madhya 9.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- krsnera eka svabhava vilaksana
sva-madhurye sarva citta kare akarsana
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord replied; krsnera -- of Lord Krsna; eka -- one;
svabhava -- characteristic; vilaksana -- specific; sva-madhurye -- His
conjugal love; sarva -- all; citta -- hearts; kare -- does; akarsana --
attraction.
TRANSLATION
The Lord replied, "Lord Krsna has a specific characteristic. He attracts
everyone's heart by the mellow of His personal conjugal love.
Madhya 9.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
vraja-lokera bhave paiye tanhara carana
tanre isvara kari' nahi jane vraja-jana
SYNONYMS
vraja-lokera -- of the inhabitants of Goloka Vrndavana; bhave -- in the
ecstasy; paiye -- one gets; tanhara -- Lord Krsna's; carana -- lotus
feet; tanre -- unto Him; isvara -- the Supreme Person; kari' --
accepting; nahi -- do not; jane -- know; vraja-jana -- the inhabitants
of Vrajabhumi.
TRANSLATION
"By following in the footsteps of the inhabitants of the planet known as
Vrajaloka or Goloka Vrndavana one can attain the shelter of the lotus
feet of Sri Krsna. However, in that planet the inhabitants do not know
that Lord Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Madhya 9.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
keha tanre putra-jnane udukhale bandhe
keha sakha-jnane jini' cade tanra kandhe
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; tanre -- Him; putra-jnane -- by accepting as a son;
udukhale -- to a big mortar; bandhe -- ties; keha -- someone; sakha-
jnane -- by accepting as a friend; jini' -- conquering; cade -- gets up;
tanra -- His; kandhe -- on the shoulder.
TRANSLATION
"There someone may accept Him as a son and sometimes bind Him to a
grinding mortar. Someone else may accept Him as an intimate friend and,
attaining victory over Him, playfully mount His shoulders.
Madhya 9.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
'vrajendra-nandana' bali' tanre jane vraja-jana
aisvarya-jnane nahi kona sambandha-manana
SYNONYMS
vrajendra-nandana -- the son of Nanda Maharaja, the King of Vrajabhumi;
bali' -- as; tanre -- Him; jane -- know; vraja-jana -- the inhabitants
of Vrajabhumi; aisvarya-jnane -- in opulence; nahi -- there is not; kona
-- any; sambandha -- relationship; manana -- regarding.
TRANSLATION
"The inhabitants of Vrajabhumi know Krsna as the son of Maharaja Nanda,
the King of Vrajabhumi, and they consider that there can be no
relationship with the Lord in the rasa of opulence.
Madhya 9.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
vraja-lokera bhave yei karaye bhajana
sei jana paya vraje vrajendra-nandana
SYNONYMS
vraja-lokera -- of the inhabitants of Vrajabhumi; bhave -- in the
ecstasy; yei -- anyone who; karaye -- does; bhajana -- worship; sei jana
-- that person; paya -- attains; vraje -- in Vraja; vrajendra-nandana --
Lord Krsna, the son of Maharaja Nanda.
TRANSLATION
"One who worships the Lord by following in the footsteps of the
inhabitants of Vrajabhumi attains the Lord and gets to know Him as He is
known in the transcendental planet of Vraja. There He is known as the
son of Maharaja Nanda."
PURPORT
The inhabitants of Vrajabhumi, or Goloka Vrndavana, know Krsna as the
son of Maharaja Nanda. They do not accept Him as the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. The Lord is the supreme maintainer
of everyone and the chief personality among all personalities. In
Vrajabhumi Krsna is certainly the central point of love, but no one
knows Him there as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Rather, a person
may know Him as a friend, son, lover or master. In any case, the center
is Krsna. The inhabitants of Vrajabhumi are related to the Lord in
servitude, friendship, paternal love and conjugal love. A person engaged
in devotional service may accept any one of these transcendental
relationships, which are known as mellows. One who is in
the perfectional stage may return home, back to Godhead, and attain
his pure spiritual identity.
Madhya 9.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
nayam sukhapo bhagavan
dehinam gopika-sutah
jnaninam catma-bhutanam
yatha bhaktimatam iha
SYNONYMS
na -- not; ayam -- this Lord Sri Krsna; sukha-apah -- easily available;
bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; dehinam -- for
materialistic persons who have accepted the body as the self; gopika-
sutah -- the son of mother Yasoda; jnaninam -- for persons addicted to
mental speculation; ca -- and; atma-bhutanam -- for persons performing
severe austerities and penances; yatha -- as; bhaktimatam -- for
persons engaged in spontaneous devotional service; iha -- in this world.
TRANSLATION
Caitanya Mahaprabhu then quoted, " 'The Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Krsna, the son of mother Yasoda, is accessible to those devotees engaged
in spontaneous loving service, but He is not as easily accessible to
mental speculators, to those striving for self-realization by severe
austerities and penances, or to those who consider the body to be the
same as the self.'
PURPORT
This verse, also given in Madhya-lila 8.227, is quoted from Srimad-
Bhagavatam (10.9.21).
Madhya 9.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
sruti-gana gopi-ganera anugata hana
vrajesvari-suta bhaje gopi-bhava lana
SYNONYMS
sruti-gana -- the authorities of Vedic hymns; gopi-ganera -- of the
gopis; anugata hana -- following in the footsteps; vrajesvari-suta --
the son of mother Yasoda; bhaje -- worship; gopi-bhava -- the ecstasy of
the gopis; lana -- accepting.
TRANSLATION
"The authorities in Vedic literatures known as sruti-
gana worshiped Lord Krsna in the ecstasy of the gopis and followed in
their footsteps.
PURPORT
The authorities in Vedic literature known as sruti-gana
desired to enter into Lord Sri Krsna's rasa dance; therefore they began
to worship the Lord in the ecstasy of the gopis. In the beginning,
however, they were unsuccessful. When they could not enter the dance
simply by thinking of Krsna in the ecstasy of the gopis, they actually
accepted bodies like those of the gopis. They even took birth in
Vrajabhumi just like the gopis and consequently became engrossed in the
ecstasy of the gopis' love. In this way they were allowed to enter into
the rasa-lila dance of the Lord.
Madhya 9.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
bahyantare gopi-deha vraje yabe paila
sei dehe krsna-sange rasa-krida kaila
SYNONYMS
bahya-antare -- externally and internally; gopi-deha -- the body of a
gopi; vraje -- in Vrajabhumi; yabe -- when; paila -- they got; sei dehe -
- in that body; krsna-sange -- with Krsna; rasa-krida -- pastimes of the
rasa dance; kaila -- performed.
TRANSLATION
"The personified authorities on the Vedic hymns acquired bodies like
those of the gopis and took birth in Vrajabhumi. In those bodies they
were allowed to enter into the Lord's rasa-lila dance.
Madhya 9.135
TEXT 135
TEXT
gopa-jati krsna, gopi -- preyasi tanhara
devi va anya stri krsna na kare angikara
SYNONYMS
gopa-jati -- belonging to the cowherd community; krsna -- Lord Krsna;
gopi -- the damsels of Vrajabhumi, the gopis; preyasi -- dearmost;
tanhara -- His; devi -- the wives of the demigods; va -- or; anya --
other; stri -- women; krsna -- Lord Krsna; na -- does not; kare -- do;
angikara -- acceptance.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Krsna belongs to the cowherd community, and the gopis are the
dear-most lovers of Krsna. Although the wives of the denizens of the
heavenly planets are most opulent within the material world, neither
they nor any other women in the material universe can acquire Krsna's
association.
Madhya 9.136
TEXT 136
TEXT
laksmi cahe sei dehe krsnera sangama
gopika-anuga hana na kaila bhajana
SYNONYMS
laksmi -- the goddess of fortune; cahe -- wants; sei -- that; dehe -- in
the body; krsnera sangama -- the association of Krsna; gopika -- of the
gopis; anuga -- follower; hana -- becoming; na -- did not; kaila --
perform; bhajana -- worship.
TRANSLATION
"The goddess of fortune, Laksmi, wanted to enjoy Krsna and at the same
time retain her spiritual body in the form of Laksmi. However, she did
not follow in the footsteps of the gopis in her worship of Krsna.
Madhya 9.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
anya dehe na paiye rasa-vilasa
ataeva 'nayam' sloka kahe veda-vyasa
SYNONYMS
anya dehe -- in a body other than those of the gopis; na -- not; paiye --
one gets; rasa-vilasa -- the pastimes of the rasa dance; ataeva --
therefore; nayam -- beginning with the word nayam; sloka -- the Sanskrit
verse; kahe -- says; veda-vyasa -- Dvaipayana Vedavyasa.
TRANSLATION
"Vyasadeva, the supreme authority on Vedic literature, composed a
verse beginning 'nayam sukhapo bhagavan' because no one can enter into
the rasa-lila dance in any body other than the bodies of the gopis."
PURPORT
This verse confirms a verse of Bhagavad-gita (9.25):
yanti deva-vrata devan
pitrn yanti pitr-vratah
bhutani yanti bhutejya
yanti mad-yajino 'pi mam
"Those who worship the demigods will take birth among
the demigods; those
who worship ghosts and spirits will take birth among such beings; those
who worship ancestors go the ancestors; and those who worship Me will
live with Me."
Only when one regains his original spiritual body can one enter into the
spiritual kingdom. As far as the rasa-lila pastimes of the Lord are
concerned, it is futile to
attempt to imitate the Lord's dances within the material world. One has
to attain a spiritual body like the gopis to enter into the
pastimes of rasa-lila. In the nayam sukhapo verse, the devotees are
referred to as bhaktimat, that is, they are fully engaged in devotional
service and are devoid of material contamination. Simply by
artificially imitating Krsna's rasa-lila dance or artificially
thinking oneself Krsna and dressing oneself up like a sakhi,
one cannot enter into His rasa-lila dance. Krsna's rasa-lila dance
is completely spiritual. It has nothing to do with material
contamination; therefore no one can enter into the pastimes by
artificial material means. That is the instruction of this
verse.
Madhya 9.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
purve bhattera mane eka chila abhimana
'sri-narayana' hayena svayam-bhagavan
SYNONYMS
purve -- before this; bhattera -- of Vyenkata Bhatta; mane -- in the
mind; eka -- one; chila -- there was; abhimana -- an impression; sri-
narayana -- the form of the Lord as Narayana; hayena -- is; svayam --
personally; bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
Before this explanation was given by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Vyenkata
Bhatta thought that Sri Narayana was the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Madhya 9.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
tanhara bhajana sarvopari-kaksa haya
sri-vaisnave'ra bhajana ei sarvopari haya
SYNONYMS
tanhara bhajana -- worship of Narayana; sarva-upari -- topmost; kaksa --
department; haya -- is; sri-vaisnavera -- of the followers of
Ramanujacarya; bhajana -- worship; ei -- this; sarva-upari haya -- is
the topmost.
TRANSLATION
Thinking in this way, Vyenkata Bhatta believed that worship of Narayana
was the supreme form of worship, superior to all other processes of
devotional service, for it was followed by the Sri Vaisnava disciples of
Ramanujacarya.
Madhya 9.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
ei tanra garva prabhu karite khandana
parihasa-dvare uthaya eteka vacana
SYNONYMS
ei -- this; tanra -- his (Vyenkata Bhatta's); garva -- pride; prabhu --
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karite khandana -- to curb; parihasa-dvare --
by joking; uthaya -- raises; eteka -- so many; vacana -- words.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had understood this misconception of Vyenkata
Bhatta, and to correct it the Lord talked so much in a joking way.
Madhya 9.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- bhatta, tumi na kariha samsaya
'svayam-bhagavan' krsna ei ta' niscaya
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord said; bhatta -- My dear Vyenkata Bhatta; tumi --
you; na kariha -- do not do; samsaya -- doubt; svayam-bhagavan -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; krsna -- is Lord Krsna; ei ta' niscaya --
this is the conclusion.
TRANSLATION
The Lord then continued, "My dear Vyenkata Bhatta, please do not
continue doubting. Lord Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and
this is the conclusion of Vedic literatures.
Madhya 9.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
krsnera vilasa-murti -- sri-narayana
ataeva laksmi-adyera hare tenha mana
SYNONYMS
krsnera -- of Lord Krsna; vilasa-murti -- form for enjoyment; sri-
narayana -- Lord Narayana; ataeva -- therefore; laksmi-adyera -- of the
goddess of fortune and her followers; hare -- attracts; tenha -- He (
Lord Narayana); mana -- the mind.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Narayana, the opulent form of Krsna, attracts the mind of the
goddess of fortune and her followers.
Madhya 9.143
TEXT 143
TEXT
ete camsa-kalah pumsah
krsnas tu bhagavan svayam
indrari-vyakulam lokam
mrdayanti yuge yuge
SYNONYMS
ete -- these; ca -- and; amsa -- plenary portions; kalah -- parts of
plenary portions; pumsah -- of the purusa-avataras; krsnah -- Lord Krsna;
tu -- but; bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svayam --
Himself; indra-ari -- the enemies of Lord Indra; vyakulam -- full of;
lokam -- the world; mrdayanti -- make happy; yuge yuge -- at the right
time in each age.
TRANSLATION
" 'All these incarnations of Godhead are either plenary portions or
parts of the plenary portions of the purusa-avataras. But Krsna is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. In every age He protects the
world through His different features when the world is disturbed by the
enemies of Indra.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.3.28).
Madhya 9.144
TEXT 144
TEXT
narayana haite krsnera asadharana guna
ataeva laksmira krsne trsna anuksana
SYNONYMS
narayana haite -- over and above Narayana; krsnera -- of Lord Krsna;
asadharana guna -- uncommon qualities; ataeva -- therefore; laksmira --
of the goddess of fortune; krsne -- unto Krsna; trsna -- desire;
anuksana -- always.
TRANSLATION
"Because Krsna has four extraordinary qualities not possessed by Lord
Narayana, the goddess of fortune, Laksmi, always desires His company.
PURPORT
Lord Narayana has sixty transcendental qualities. Over and above these,
Krsna has four extraordinary transcendental qualities absent in Lord
Narayana. These four qualities are: (1) wonderful pastimes that
are compared to an ocean; (2) association in the circle of
supreme devotees in conjugal love (the gopis); (3) Lord Krsna's playing
on the flute whose vibration attracts the three worlds; (4) Lord
Krsna's extraordinary beauty, which surpasses the beauty of the three
worlds. Lord Krsna's beauty is unequaled and unsurpassed.
Madhya 9.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
tumi ye padila sloka, se haya pramana
sei sloke aise 'krsna -- svayam bhagavan'
SYNONYMS
tumi -- you; ye -- which; padila -- have recited; sloka -- verse; se --
that; haya -- is; pramana -- evidence; sei sloke -- in that verse; aise
krsna -- Krsna is; svayam bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"You have recited the sloka beginning with 'siddhantatas tv abhede 'pi.'
That very verse is evidence that Krsna is the Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
Madhya 9.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
siddhantatas tv abhede 'pi
srisa-krsna-svarupayoh
rasenotkrsyate krsna-
rupam esa rasa-sthitih
SYNONYMS
siddhantatah -- in reality; tu -- but; abhede -- no difference; api --
although; sri-isa -- of the husband of Laksmi, Narayana; krsna -- of
Lord Krsna; svarupayoh -- between the forms; rasena -- by transcendental
mellows; utkrsyate -- is superior; krsna-rupam -- the form of Lord Krsna;
esa -- this; rasa-sthitih -- the reservoir of pleasure.
TRANSLATION
" 'According to transcendental realization, there is no difference
between the forms of Krsna and Narayana. Yet in Krsna there is a special
transcendental attraction due to the conjugal mellow, and consequently
He surpasses Narayana. This is the conclusion of transcendental mellows.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.2.59).
Madhya 9.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
svayam bhagavan 'krsna' hare laksmira mana
gopikara mana harite nare 'narayana'
SYNONYMS
svayam bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; krsna -- is Lord
Krsna; hare -- attracts; laksmira -- of the goddess of fortune; mana --
the mind; gopikara -- of the gopis; mana -- the minds; harite -- to
attract; nare -- is not able; narayana -- Lord Narayana.
TRANSLATION
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, attracts the mind of the
goddess of fortune, but Lord Narayana cannot attract the minds of the
gopis. This proves the superexcellence of Krsna.
Madhya 9.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
narayanera ka katha, sri-krsna apane
gopikare hasya karaite haya 'narayane'
SYNONYMS
narayanera -- of Lord Narayana; ka katha -- what to speak; sri-krsna --
Lord Sri Krsna; apane -- Himself; gopikare -- the gopis; hasya karaite --
to make them jubilant; haya -- becomes; narayane -- in the form of
Narayana.
TRANSLATION
"To say nothing of Lord Narayana personally, Lord Krsna Himself appeared
as Narayana just to play a joke on the gopis.
Madhya 9.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
'catur-bhuja-murti' dekhaya gopi-ganera age
sei 'krsne' gopikara nahe anurage
SYNONYMS
catuh-bhuja-murti -- four-handed form; dekhaya -- exhibits; gopi-ganera -
- of the gopis; age -- in front; sei krsne -- unto that Krsna; gopikara -
- of the gopis; nahe -- not; anurage -- attraction.
TRANSLATION
"Although Krsna assumed the four-armed form of Narayana, He could not
attract the serious attention of the gopis in ecstatic love.
Madhya 9.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
gopinam pasupendra-nandana-juso bhavasya kas tam krti
vijnatum ksamate duruha-padavi-sancarinah prakriyam
aviskurvati vaisnavim api tanum tasmin bhujair jisnubhir
yasam hanta caturbhir adbhuta-rucim ragodayah kuncati
SYNONYMS
gopinam -- of the gopis; pasupa-indra-nandana-jusah -- of the service of
the son of Vraja's King, Maharaja Nanda; bhavasya -- ecstatic; kah --
what; tam -- that; krti -- learned man; vijnatum -- to understand;
ksamate -- is able; duruha -- very difficult to understand; padavi --
the position; sancarinah -- which provokes; prakriyam -- activity;
aviskurvati -- He manifests; vaisnavim -- of Visnu; api -- certainly;
tanum -- the body; tasmin -- in that; bhujaih -- with arms; jisnubhih --
very beautiful; yasam -- of whom (the gopis); hanta -- alas; caturbhih --
four; adbhuta -- wonderfully; rucim -- beautiful; raga-udayah -- the
evoking of ecstatic feelings; kuncati -- cripples.
TRANSLATION
" 'Once Lord Sri Krsna playfully manifested Himself as Narayana with
four victorious hands and a very beautiful form. When the gopis saw this
exalted form, however, their ecstatic feelings abated. A
learned scholar, therefore, cannot understand the gopis ecstatic
feelings, which are firmly centered upon the original form of Lord Krsna
as the son of Nanda Maharaja. The wonderful feelings of the gopis in
ecstatic parama-rasa with Krsna constitute the greatest mystery of
spiritual life.'"
PURPORT
This is a verse spoken by Narada Muni in Lalita-madhava-nataka (6.14)
, a drama written by Srila Rupa Gosvami. This verse clarifies the verse
siddhantatas tv abhede 'pi, which Kaviraja Gosvami quotes from Bhakti-
rasamrta-sindhu. Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu Himself spoke it to Vyenkata
Bhatta. The verse was quoted by Lord Caitanya long before Bhakti-
rasamrta-sindhu was composed, and in this regard Srila Bhaktivinoda
Thakura points out that all these verses were current at the time and
were quoted by devotees long before Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu was composed.
Madhya 9.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
eta kahi' prabhu tanra garva curna kariya
tanre sukha dite kahe siddhanta phiraiya
SYNONYMS
eta kahi' -- saying this; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanra -
- his (of Vyenkata Bhatta); garva -- pride; curna kariya -- smashing
into pieces; tanre -- unto him; sukha dite -- to give happiness; kahe --
says; siddhanta phiraiya -- turning the whole conversation.
TRANSLATION
In this way Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu deflated the pride of Vyenkata
Bhatta, but just to make him happy again, He spoke as follows.
Madhya 9.152
TEXT 152
TEXT
duhkha na bhaviha, bhatta, kailun parihasa
sastra-siddhanta suna, yate vaisnava-visvasa
SYNONYMS
duhkha -- unhappiness; na -- do not; bhaviha -- bear; bhatta -- My dear
Vyenkata Bhatta; kailun parihasa -- I was simply making a joke; sastra-
siddhanta -- the conclusion of the revealed scriptures; suna -- hear;
yate -- in which; vaisnava-visvasa -- the faith of the Vaisnavas.
TRANSLATION
The Lord pacified Vyenkata Bhatta by saying, "Actually whatever I have
said is by way of jest. Now you can hear from Me the conclusion of the
sastras, in which every Vaisnava devotee has firm faith.
Madhya 9.153
TEXT 153
TEXT
krsna-narayana, yaiche eka-i svarupa
gopi-laksmi-bheda nahi haya eka-rupa
SYNONYMS
krsna-narayana -- Lord Krsna and Lord Narayana; yaiche -- as; eka-i --
one; svarupa -- form; gopi -- the gopis; laksmi -- the goddess of
fortune; bheda -- difference; nahi -- there is not; haya -- there is;
eka-rupa -- one form.
TRANSLATION
"There is no difference between Lord Krsna and Lord Narayana, for They
are of the same form. Similarly, there is no difference between the
gopis and the goddess of fortune, for they also are of the same form.
Madhya 9.154
TEXT 154
TEXT
gopi-dvare laksmi kare krsna-sangasvada
isvaratve bheda manile haya aparadha
SYNONYMS
gopi-dvare -- through the gopis; laksmi -- the goddess of fortune; kare -
- does; krsna-sanga-asvada -- tasting the sweetness of the association
of Lord Krsna; isvaratve -- in the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bheda
-- difference; manile -- if one considers; haya -- there is; aparadha --
offense.
TRANSLATION
"The goddess of fortune enjoys the association of Krsna through the
gopis. One should not make distinctions between the forms of
the Lord, for such conceptualizing is offensive.
Madhya 9.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
eka isvara -- bhaktera dhyana-anurupa
eka-i vigrahe kare nanakara rupa
SYNONYMS
eka isvara -- the Lord is one; bhaktera -- of the devotees; dhyana --
meditation; anurupa -- according to; eka-i -- one; vigrahe -- in form;
kare -- exhibits; nana-akara -- different; rupa -- forms.
TRANSLATION
"There is no difference between the transcendental forms of the Lord.
Different forms are manifest due to different attachments of different
devotees. Actually the Lord is one, but He appears in different forms
just to satisfy His devotees.
PURPORT
In Brahma-samhita (5.33) it is stated:
advaitam acyutam anadim ananta-rupam
adyam purana-purusam nava-yauvanam ca
The Lord is advaita, without differentiation. There is no difference
between the forms of Krsna, Rama, Narayana and Visnu. All of them are
one. Sometimes foolish people ask whether when we chant "Rama" in the
Hare Krsna mantra we refer to Lord Ramacandra or Lord Balarama. If a
devotee says that the name Rama in the Hare Krsna maha-mantra refers to
Balarama, a foolish person may become angry because to him the name Rama
refers to Lord Ramacandra. Actually there is no difference between
Balarama and Lord Rama. It doesn't matter if one chants Hare Rama
referring to Balarama or Lord Ramacandra, for
there is no difference between Them. However, it is offensive to think
that Balarama is superior to Lord Ramacandra or vice versa. Neophyte
devotees do not understand this sastric conclusion, and consequently
they unneccesarily create an offensive situation. Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu clarifies this in a very lucid way: isvaratve bheda
manile haya aparadha. It is offensive for one to differentiate between
the forms of the Lord. On the other hand, one should not think that the
forms of the Lord are the same as the forms of the demigods. This is
certainly offensive. As confirmed by the Vaisnava-tantra:
yas tu narayanam devam
brahma-rudradi-daivataih
samatvenaiva vikseta
sa pasandi bhaved dhruvam
"A pasandi is one who considers the great demigods such as Lord Brahma
and Lord Siva equal to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana." (
Hari-bhakti-vilasa 1.117) The conclusion is that we should not
differentiate between the forms of the Lord. However, we should not
equate the forms of the Lord with the forms of demigods or human beings.
For instance, sometimes foolish sannyasis equate daridra-narayana with
Narayana, and this is certainly offensive. To think of
the body of the Lord as material is
also offensive. Unless one is instructed by a bona fide spiritual
master, he cannot perfectly understand these different forms. Brahma-
samhita confirms, vedesu durlabham adurlabham atma-bhaktau.
One cannot understand the differences between the forms of the Lord
simply by academic study or by reading Vedic literature. One must learn
from a realized devotee. Only then can one learn how to distinguish
between one form of the Lord and another. The conclusion is that there
is no difference between the forms of the Lord, but there is a
difference between His forms and those of the demigods.
Madhya 9.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
manir yatha vibhagena
nila-pitadibhir yutah
rupa-bhedam avapnoti
dhyana-bhedat tathacyutah
SYNONYMS
manih -- jewel, specifically the jewel known as vaidurya; yatha -- as;
vibhagena -- separately; nila -- blue; pita -- yellow; adibhih -- and
with other colors; yutah -- joined; rupa-bhedam -- difference of form;
avapnoti -- gets; dhyana-bhedat -- by different types of meditation;
tatha -- similarly; acyutah -- the infallible Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
" 'When the jewel known as vaidurya touches other materials, it
appears to be separated into different colors. Consequently the
forms also appear different. Similarly, according to the
meditational ecstasy of the devotee, the Lord, who is known as Acyuta [
infallible], appears in different forms, although He is
essentially one.' "
PURPORT
This is a verse quoted form Sri Narada-pancaratra.
Madhya 9.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
bhatta kahe, -- kahan ami jiva pamara
kahan tumi sei krsna, -- saksat isvara
SYNONYMS
bhatta kahe -- Vyenkata Bhatta said; kahan -- whereas; ami -- I; jiva --
an ordinary living being; pamara -- fallen; kahan -- whereas; tumi --
You; sei krsna -- the same Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna; saksat
isvara -- directly the Lord.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta then said, "I am an ordinary fallen living entity, but
You are Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself.
Madhya 9.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
agadha isvara-lila kichui na jani
tumi yei kaha, sei satya kari' mani
SYNONYMS
agadha -- unfathomable; isvara-lila -- pastimes of the Lord; kichui --
anything; na jani -- I do not know; tumi -- You; yei -- whatever; kaha --
say; sei satya -- that is right; kari' mani -- I accept.
TRANSLATION
"The transcendental pastimes of the Lord are unfathomable, and I do not
know anything about them. Whatever You say I accept as the truth.
PURPORT
This is the way to understand the truth about the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. After hearing Bhagavad-gita, Arjuna said very much the same
thing:
sarvam etad rtam manye
yan mam vadasi kesava
na hi te bhagavan vyaktim
vidur deva na danavah
"O Krsna, I totally accept as truth all that You have told me. Neither
the gods nor demons, O Lord, know Thy personality." (
Bg. 10.14)
Vyenkata Bhatta says very much the same thing to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
It is not possible to understand the truth about the pastimes of the
Lord simply by using our own logic, argument and academic education. We
must receive bona fide information from the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, just as Arjuna received information when Krsna spoke
Bhagavad-gita. We have to accept Bhagavad-gita or any other Vedic
literature in good faith. These Vedic literatures are the only source of
knowledge. We must understand that we cannot comprehend
the Absolute Truth by the speculative process.
Madhya 9.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
more purna krpa kaila laksmi-narayana
tanra krpaya painu tomara carana-darasana
SYNONYMS
more -- unto me; purna -- complete; krpa -- mercy; kaila -- did; laksmi-
narayana -- the Deity of mother goddess of fortune and Narayana; tanra
krpaya -- by Their mercy; painu -- I have gotten; tomara -- Your; carana-
darasana -- vision of the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"I have been engaged in the service of Laksmi-Narayana, and it is due to
Their mercy that I have been able to see Your lotus feet.
Madhya 9.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
krpa kari' kahile more krsnera mahima
yanra rupa-gunaisvaryera keha na paya sima
SYNONYMS
krpa kari' -- showing causeless mercy; kahile -- You have spoken; more --
unto me; krsnera -- of Lord Krsna; mahima -- the glories; yanra --
whose; rupa-guna-aisvaryera -- of forms, qualities and opulence; keha --
anyone; na -- not; paya -- gets; sima -- the limit.
TRANSLATION
"Out of Your causeless mercy You have told me of the glories of Lord
Krsna. No one can reach the end of the opulence, qualities and forms of
the Lord.
Madhya 9.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
ebe se janinu krsna-bhakti sarvopari
krtartha karile, more kahile krpa kari'
SYNONYMS
ebe -- now; se -- that; janinu -- I understand; krsna-bhakti --
devotional service to Lord Krsna; sarva-upari -- above all; krta-artha --
successful; karile -- You have made; more -- unto me; kahile -- You
have spoken; krpa kari' -- by Your causeless mercy.
TRANSLATION
"I can now understand that devotional service unto Krsna is the
supreme form of worship. Out of Your causeless mercy You have made my
life successful simply by explaining the facts."
Madhya 9.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
eta bali' bhatta padila prabhura carane
krpa kari' prabhu tanre kaila alingane
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; bhatta -- Vyenkata Bhatta; padila -- fell down;
prabhura carane -- at the lotus feet of the Lord; krpa kari' -- showing
him mercy; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- unto him;
kaila -- did; alingane -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Vyenkata Bhatta fell down before the lotus feet of
the Lord, and the Lord, out of His causeless mercy, embraced him.
Madhya 9.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
caturmasya purna haila, bhatta-ajna lana
daksina calila prabhu sri-ranga dekhiya
SYNONYMS
caturmasya -- the period of Caturmasya; purna haila -- became completed;
bhatta-ajna lana -- taking permission from Vyenkata Bhatta; daksina --
south; calila -- proceeded; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sri-ranga
dekhiya -- visiting Sri Ranga.
TRANSLATION
When the period of Caturmasya was completed, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
took permission to leave Vyenkata Bhatta, and after visiting Sri
Ranga, proceeded further towards southern India.
Madhya 9.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
sangete calila bhatta, na yaya bhavane
tanre vidaya dila prabhu aneka yatane
SYNONYMS
sangete -- along with Him; calila -- began to go; bhatta -- Vyenkata
Bhatta; na yaya bhavane -- does not return to his home; tanre -- unto
him; vidaya dila -- gave farewell; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
aneka yatane -- with great endeavor.
TRANSLATION
Vyenkata Bhatta did not want to return home but also wanted to go with
the Lord. It was with great endeavor that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu bade
him farewell.
Madhya 9.165
TEXT 165
TEXT
prabhura viyoge bhatta haila acetana
ei ranga-lila kare sacira nandana
SYNONYMS
prabhura viyoge -- on account of separation from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bhatta -- Vyenkata Bhatta; haila -- became; acetana -- unconscious; ei -
- this; ranga-lila -- pastime at Sri Ranga-ksetra; kare -- does; sacira
nandana -- the son of mother Saci.
TRANSLATION
When He did so, Vyenkata Bhatta fell down unconscious. Such are the
pastimes of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the son of mother Saci, at Sri
Ranga-ksetra.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to the Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
Madhya-lila, Ninth Chapter, First Part, describing Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's travels to the holy places.
CONTINUED IN THE NEXT VOLUME.
CHAPTER 9
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's Travels to the Holy Places
(continued from the previous volume)
Madhya 9.166
TEXT 166
TEXT
rsabha-parvate cali' aila gaurahari
narayana dekhila tanha nati-stuti kari'
SYNONYMS
rsabha-parvate -- to the Rsabha Hill; cali' -- walking; aila -- arrived;
gaura-hari -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; narayana -- the Deity of
Lord Narayana; dekhila -- saw; tanha -- there; nati-stuti kari' --
offering obeisances and prayers.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord arrived at Rsabha Hill, He saw the temple of Lord Narayana
and offered obeisances and various prayers.
PURPORT
Rsabha Hill is in southern Karnata
in the district of Madura. Twelve miles north of
Madura City is a place called Anagada-malaya-parvata, which is
situated within the forest of Kutakacala. Within this
forest Lord Rsabhadeva burned Himself to ashes. Now this place is
known as Palni Hill.
Madhya 9.167
TEXT 167
TEXT
paramananda-puri tahan rahe catur-masa
suni' mahaprabhu gela puri-gosanira pasa
SYNONYMS
paramananda-puri -- Paramananda Puri; tahan -- there; rahe -- remained;
catuh-masa -- four months; suni' -- hearing; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; gela -- went; puri -- Paramananda Puri; gosanira -- the
spiritual master; pasa -- near.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri was staying at Rsabha Hill
, and when Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard this, He
immediately went to see him.
Madhya 9.168
TEXT 168
TEXT
puri-gosanira prabhu kaila carana vandana
preme puri gosani tanre kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
puri-gosanira -- of Paramananda Puri; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
kaila -- did; carana vandana -- worship of the lotus feet; preme -- in
ecstasy; puri gosani -- Paramananda Puri; tanre -- unto Him; kaila --
did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
Upon meeting Paramananda Puri, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu offered him all
respects, touching his lotus feet, and Paramananda Puri embraced the
Lord in ecstasy.
Madhya 9.169
TEXT 169
TEXT
tina-dina preme donhe krsna-katha-range
sei vipra-ghare donhe rahe eka-sange
SYNONYMS
tina-dina -- three days; preme -- in ecstasy; donhe -- both; krsna-katha
-- discussing topics of Krsna; range -- in jubilation; sei vipra-ghare --
in the home of a brahmana; donhe -- both of them; rahe -- stayed; eka-
sange -- together.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu stayed with Paramananda Puri in a brahmana's
house where Paramananda Puri was residing. Both of them passed three
days there discussing topics of Krsna.
Madhya 9.170
TEXT 170
TEXT
puri-gosani bale, -- ami yaba purusottame
purusottama dekhi' gaude yaba ganga-snane
SYNONYMS
puri-gosani -- Paramananda Puri; bale -- said; ami -- I; yaba -- shall
go; purusottame -- to Jagannatha Puri; purusottama dekhi' -- after
visiting Jagannatha Puri; gaude yaba -- I shall go to Bengal; ganga-
snane -- for bathing in the Ganges.
TRANSLATION
Paramananda Puri informed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu that he was going to
see Purusottama at Jagannatha Puri. After seeing Lord Jagannatha there,
he would go to Bengal to bathe in the Ganges.
Madhya 9.171
TEXT 171
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- tumi punah aisa nilacale
ami setubandha haite asiba alpa-kale
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord said; tumi -- you; punah -- again; aisa -- come;
nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; ami -- I; setubandha haite -- from
Ramesvara; asiba -- shall return; alpa-kale -- very soon.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then told him, "Please return to Jagannatha Puri,
for I will return there very soon from Ramesvara [Setubandha].
Madhya 9.172
TEXT 172
TEXT
tomara nikate rahi, -- hena vancha haya
nilacale asibe more hana sadaya
SYNONYMS
tomara nikate -- with you; rahi -- I may stay; hena -- such; vancha haya
-- is My desire; nilacale -- to Jagannatha Puri; asibe -- please come;
more -- unto Me; hana -- being; sa-daya -- merciful.
TRANSLATION
"It is My desire to stay with you, and therefore if you would return to
Jagannatha Puri, you would show great mercy upon Me."
Madhya 9.173
TEXT 173
TEXT
eta bali' tanra thani ei ajna lana
daksine calila prabhu harasita hana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; tanra thani -- from him; ei ajna lana --
taking permission; daksine calila -- departed for southern India; prabhu
-- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; harasita hana -- being very pleased.
TRANSLATION
After talking in this way with Paramananda Puri, the Lord took his
permission to leave and departed for southern India. The
Lord Himself was very pleased.
Madhya 9.174
TEXT 174
TEXT
paramananda puri tabe calila nilacale
mahaprabhu cali cali aila sri-saile
SYNONYMS
paramananda puri -- Paramananda Puri; tabe -- then; calila nilacale --
departed for Jagannatha Puri; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
cali cali -- walking; aila -- came; sri-saile -- to Sri Saila.
TRANSLATION
Thus Paramananda Puri started for Jagannatha Puri, and Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu began walking toward Sri Saila.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura remarks, "Which Sri Saila is
being indicated by Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami is not clearly understood.
There is no temple of Mallikarjuna in this area because the Sri Saila
located in the district of Dharavada cannot possibly be there. That Sri
Saila is on the southern side of Belagrama, and the Siva temple of
Mallikarjuna is located there. (Refer to text fifteen of this chapter.)
It is said that there on that hill Lord Siva lived with Devi. Also Lord
Brahma lived there with all the demigods."
Madhya 9.175
TEXT 175
TEXT
siva-durga rahe tahan brahmanera vese
mahaprabhu dekhi' donhara ha-ila ullase
SYNONYMS
siva-durga -- Lord Siva and his wife Durga; rahe tahan -- stayed there;
brahmanera vese -- in the dress of brahmanas; mahaprabhu dekhi' --
seeing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; donhara -- of both of them; ha-ila --
there was; ullase -- great pleasure.
TRANSLATION
It was in Sri Saila that Lord Siva and his wife Durga lived in the dress
of brahmanas, and when they saw Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, they became
very pleased.
Madhya 9.176
TEXT 176
TEXT
tina dina bhiksa dila kari' nimantrana
nibhrte vasi' gupta-varta kahe dui jana
SYNONYMS
tina dina -- for three days; bhiksa dila -- offered alms; kari'
nimantrana -- inviting Him; nibhrte -- in a solitary place; vasi' --
sitting together; gupta-varta -- confidential talks; kahe -- speak; dui
jana -- both of them.
TRANSLATION
Lord Siva, dressed like a brahmana, gave alms to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
and invited Him to spend three days in a solitary place. Sitting there
together, they talked very confidentially.
Madhya 9.177
TEXT 177
TEXT
tanra sange mahaprabhu kari istagosthi
tanra ajna lana aila puri kamakosthi
SYNONYMS
tanra sange -- with him; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kari
ista-gosthi -- discussing spiritual subject matter; tanra -- his; ajna --
order; lana -- taking; aila -- came; puri kamakosthi -- to Kamakosthi-
puri.
TRANSLATION
After talking with Lord Siva, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took his
permission to leave and went to Kamakosthi-puri.
Madhya 9.178
TEXT 178
TEXT
daksina-mathura aila kamakosthi haite
tahan dekha haila eka brahmana-sahite
SYNONYMS
daksina-mathura -- at southern Mathura; aila -- arrived; kamakosthi
haite -- from Kamakosthi; tahan -- there; dekha haila -- He met; eka --
one; brahmana-sahite -- with a brahmana.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at southern Mathura from Kamakosthi,
He met a brahmana.
PURPORT
This southern Mathura, presently known as Madura, is situated on
the banks of the Bhagai River. This place of pilgrimage is specifically
meant for the devotees of Lord Siva; therefore it is called
Saivaksetra, that is, the place where Lord Siva is worshiped. In
this area there are mountains and forests. There are also two Siva
temples, one known as Ramesvara and the other known as Sundaresvara.
There is also a temple to Devi called Minaksi-devi, which
is a very great architectural achievement. It was built under
the supervision of the kings of the Pandya Dynasty, and when the
Mohammedans attacked this temple, as well as the temple of Sundaresvara,
great damage was done. In the Christian year 1372, a king named Kampanna
Udaiyara reigned on the throne of Madura. Long ago, Emperor Kulasekhara
ruled this area, and during his reign he established a colony of
brahmanas. A well-known king named Anantaguna Pandya is an eleventh
generation descendant of Emperor Kulasekhara.
Madhya 9.179
TEXT 179
TEXT
sei vipra mahaprabhuke kaila nimantrana
rama-bhakta sei vipra -- virakta mahajana
SYNONYMS
sei vipra -- that brahmana; mahaprabhuke -- unto Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; nimantrana -- invitation; rama-bhakta --
devotee of Lord Ramacandra; sei -- that; vipra -- brahmana; virakta --
very detached; mahajana -- a great devotee and authority.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana who met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu invited the Lord to his
home. This brahmana was a great devotee and authority on Lord Sri
Ramacandra. He was always detached from material activities.
Madhya 9.180
TEXT 180
TEXT
krtamalaya snana kari' aila tanra ghare
bhiksa ki dibena vipra, -- paka nahi kare
SYNONYMS
krta-malaya -- in the Krtamala River; snana kari' -- bathing; aila
-- came; tanra -- of the brahmana; ghare -- to the home; bhiksa --
offering of alms; ki dibena -- what shall give; vipra -- the brahmana;
paka -- cooking; nahi kare -- did not do.
TRANSLATION
After bathing in the River Krtamala, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the
brahmana's house, but before taking lunch, He saw that the food was
unprepared because the brahmana had not cooked it.
Madhya 9.181
TEXT 181
TEXT
mahaprabhu kahe tanre, -- suna mahasaya
madhyahna haila, kene paka nahi haya
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; tanre -- unto him; suna
mahasaya -- please hear, My dear sir; madhya-ahna haila -- it is already
noon; kene -- why; paka nahi haya -- you did not cook.
TRANSLATION
Seeing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My dear sir, please tell me
why you have not cooked. It is already noon."
Madhya 9.182
TEXT 182
TEXT
vipra kahe, -- prabhu, mora aranye vasati
pakera samagri vane na mile samprati
SYNONYMS
vipra kahe -- the brahmana replied; prabhu -- O Lord; mora -- my; aranye
-- in the forest; vasati -- residence; pakera samagri -- the ingredients
for cooking; vane -- in the forest; na mile -- are not available;
samprati -- at this time.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana replied, "My dear Lord, we are living in the forest. For
the time being we cannot get all the ingredients for cooking.
Madhya 9.183
TEXT 183
TEXT
vanya saka-phala-mula anibe laksmana
tabe sita karibena paka-prayojana
SYNONYMS
vanya -- of the forest; saka -- vegetables; phala-mula -- fruits and
roots; anibe -- will bring; laksmana -- Laksmana; tabe -- that time;
sita -- mother Sita; karibena -- will do; paka-prayojana -- the
necessary cooking.
TRANSLATION
"When Laksmana brings all the vegetables, fruits and roots from the
forest, Sita will arrange the necessary cooking."
Madhya 9.184
TEXT 184
TEXT
tanra upasana suni' prabhu tusta haila
aste-vyaste sei vipra randhana karila
SYNONYMS
tanra -- his; upasana -- method of worship; suni' -- hearing; prabhu --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tusta haila -- was very much pleased; aste-
vyaste -- with great haste; sei -- that; vipra -- brahmana; randhana
karila -- began to cook.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very satisfied to hear about the brahmana's
method of worship. Finally the brahmana hastily made arrangements for
cooking.
Madhya 9.185
TEXT 185
TEXT
prabhu bhiksa kaila dinera trtiya-prahare
nirvinna sei vipra upavasa kare
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhiksa kaila -- took His luncheon;
dinera -- of the day; trtiya-prahare -- at about three o'clock; nirvinna
-- sorrowful; sei -- that; vipra -- brahmana; upavasa kare -- fasted.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took His lunch at about three o'clock, but the
brahmana, being very sorrowful, fasted.
Madhya 9.186
TEXT 186
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- vipra kanhe kara upavasa
kene eta duhkha, kene karaha hutasa
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; vipra -- My dear
brahmana; kanhe -- why; kara upavasa -- you are fasting; kene -- why;
eta -- so much; duhkha -- unhappiness; kene -- why; karaha hutasa -- you
express so much worry.
TRANSLATION
While the brahmana was fasting, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked him, "Why
are you fasting? Why are you so unhappy? Why are you so worried?"
Madhya 9.187
TEXT 187
TEXT
vipra kahe, -- jivane mora nahi prayojana
agni-jale pravesiya chadiba jivana
SYNONYMS
vipra kahe -- the brahmana said; jivane mora -- for my life; nahi --
there is not; prayojana -- necessity; agni -- in fire; jale -- in water;
pravesiya -- entering; chadiba -- I shall give up; jivana -- life.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana replied, "I have no reason to live. I shall give up my life
by entering either fire or water.
Madhya 9.188
TEXT 188
TEXT
jagan-mata maha-laksmi sita-thakurani
raksase sparsila tanre, -- iha kane suni
SYNONYMS
jagat-mata -- the mother of the universe; maha-laksmi -- the supreme
goddess of fortune; sita-thakurani -- mother Sita; raksase -- the demon
Ravana; sparsila -- touched; tanre -- her; iha -- this; kane suni -- I
have heard.
TRANSLATION
"My dear sir, mother Sita is the mother of the universe and the supreme
goddess of fortune. She has been touched by the demon Ravana, and I am
troubled upon hearing this news.
Madhya 9.189
TEXT 189
TEXT
e sarira dharibare kabhu na yuyaya
ei duhkhe jvale deha, prana nahi yaya
SYNONYMS
e sarira -- this body; dharibare -- to keep; kabhu -- ever; na -- not;
yuyaya -- deserve; ei duhkhe -- in this unhappiness; jvale deha -- my
body is burning; prana -- my life; nahi yaya -- does not go away.
TRANSLATION
"Sir, due to my unhappiness I cannot continue living. Although my body
is burning, my life is not leaving."
Madhya 9.190
TEXT 190
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- e bhavana na kariha ara
pandita hana kene na karaha vicara
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord said; e bhavana -- this kind of thinking; na --
do not; kariha -- do; ara -- anymore; pandita hana -- being a learned
pandita; kena -- why; na karaha -- you do not make; vicara --
consideration.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Please do not think this way any
longer. You are a learned pandita. Why don't you consider the case?"
Madhya 9.191
TEXT 191
TEXT
isvara-preyasi sita -- cid-ananda-murti
prakrta-indriyera tanre dekhite nahi sakti
SYNONYMS
isvara-preyasi -- the dearmost wife of the Lord; sita -- mother Sita;
cit-ananda-murti -- spiritual blissful form; prakrta -- material;
indriyera -- of the senses; tanre -- her; dekhite -- to see; nahi --
there is not; sakti -- power.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "Sitadevi, the dearmost wife of the
Supreme Lord Ramacandra, certainly has a spiritual form full of bliss.
No one can see her with material eyes, for no one material has
such power.
Madhya 9.192
TEXT 192
TEXT
sparsibara karya achuka, na paya darsana
sitara akrti-maya harila ravana
SYNONYMS
sparsibara -- to touch; karya -- business; achuka -- let it be; na --
does not; paya -- get; darsana -- sight; sitara -- of mother Sita; akrti-
maya -- the form made of maya; harila -- took away; ravana -- the demon
Ravana.
TRANSLATION
"To say nothing of touching mother Sita, a person with material senses
cannot even see her. When Ravana kidnapped her, he kidnapped only her
material illusory form.
Madhya 9.193
TEXT 193
TEXT
ravana asitei sita antardhana kaila
ravanera age maya-sita pathaila
SYNONYMS
ravana -- the demon Ravana; asitei -- as soon as he arrived; sita --
mother Sita; antardhana kaila -- disappeared; ravanera age -- before the
demon Ravana; maya-sita -- illusory material form of Sita; pathaila --
sent.
TRANSLATION
"As soon as Ravana arrived before Sita, she disappeared. It was just
to cheat Ravana that she sent an illusory material form.
Madhya 9.194
TEXT 194
TEXT
aprakrta vastu nahe prakrta-gocara
veda-puranete ei kahe nirantara
SYNONYMS
aprakrta -- spiritual; vastu -- substance; nahe -- not; prakrta -- of
matter; gocara -- within the jurisdiction; veda-puranete -- the Vedas
and the Puranas; ei -- this; kahe -- say; nirantara -- always.
TRANSLATION
"Spiritual substance is never within the jurisdiction of the material
conception. This is always the verdict of the Vedas and Puranas."
PURPORT
As stated in Katha Upanisad (2.3.9, 12):
na samdrse tisthati rupam asya
na caksusa pasyati kascanainam
hrda manisa manasabhiklpto
ya etad vidur amrtas te bhavanti
naiva vaca na manasa
praptum sakyo na caksusa
"Spirit is not within the jurisdiction of material eyes, words or mind."
Similarly in Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.84.13):
yasyatma-buddhih kunape tri-dhatuke
sva-dhih kalatradisu bhauma ijya-dhih
yat-tirtha-buddhih salile na karhicij
janesv abhijnesu sa eva go-kharah
Spiritual
substance cannot be seen by the unintelligent, because they do not have
the eyes or the mentality to see spirit soul. Consequently they
think that there is no such thing as spirit. However, followers of
the Vedic injunctions take their information from Vedic statements,
as found in Srimad-Bhagavatam and Katha Upanisad
.
Madhya 9.195
TEXT 195
TEXT
visvasa karaha tumi amara vacane
punarapi ku-bhavana na kariha mane
SYNONYMS
visvasa karaha -- believe; tumi -- you; amara -- My; vacane -- in the
words; punarapi -- again; ku-bhavana -- misconception; na kariha -- do
not do; mane -- in the mind.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then assured the brahmana, "Have faith in My
words and do not burden your mind any longer with this misconception."
PURPORT
This is the process of spiritual understanding. Acintya khalu ye bhava
na tams tarkena yojayet. We should not try to understand things beyond
our material conception by argument and counter argument.
Mahajano yena gatah sa panthah: we have to follow in the
footsteps of great authorities coming down in the parampara system. If
we approach a bona fide acarya and keep faith in his words, spiritual
realization will be easy.
Madhya 9.196
TEXT 196
TEXT
prabhura vacane viprera ha-ila visvasa
bhojana karila, haila jivanera asa
SYNONYMS
prabhura vacane -- in the words of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; viprera
-- of the brahmana; ha-ila -- was; visvasa -- faith; bhojana karila --
he took his lunch; haila -- there was; jivanera -- for living; asa --
hope.
TRANSLATION
Although the brahmana was fasting, he had faith in the words of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu and accepted food. In this way his life was saved.
Madhya 9.197
TEXT 197
TEXT
tanre asvasiya prabhu karila gamana
krtamalaya snana kari aila durvasana
SYNONYMS
tanre asvasiya -- assuring him; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
karila gamana -- departed; krta-malaya -- in the river known as
Krtamala; snana kari -- bathing; aila -- came; durvasana -- to Durvasana.
TRANSLATION
After thus assuring the brahmana, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu proceeded
further into southern India and finally arrived at Durvasana, where He
bathed in the River Krtamala.
PURPORT
Presently this Krtamala River is known as the River Bhagai.
This river has three tributaries, named Suruli, Varahanadi and
Battilla-gundu. The River Krtamala is also mentioned in Srimad-
Bhagavatam (11.5.39) by the sage Karabhajana.
Madhya 9.198
TEXT 198
TEXT
durvasane raghunathe kaila darasana
mahendra-saile parasuramera kaila vandana
SYNONYMS
durvasane -- at Durvasana; raghunathe -- Lord Ramacandra; kaila darasana
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited; mahendra-saile -- on Mahendra-saila;
parasuramera -- to Lord Parasurama; kaila vandana -- offered
prayers.
TRANSLATION
At Durvasana Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the temple of Lord
Ramacandra, and on the hill known as Mahendra-saila, He saw Lord
Parasurama.
PURPORT
In Durvasana, or Darbhasayana, there is a temple of Lord
Ramacandra, located seven miles east of Ramanada. The
temple overlooks the ocean. The hill known as Mahendra-saila is
near Tinebheli, and at the end of this hill is a city known as
Tri-cinagudi. West of Mahendra-saila is the territory of
Tribankura. There is mention of Mahendra-saila in the Ramayana.
Madhya 9.199
TEXT 199
TEXT
setubandhe asi' kaila dhanustirthe snana
ramesvara dekhi' tahan karila visrama
SYNONYMS
setu-bandhe asi' -- coming to Setubandha; kaila -- did; dhanuh-
tirthe snana -- bathing at the holy place known as Dhanustirtha;
ramesvara dekhi' -- visiting the holy place Ramesvara; tahan -- there;
karila visrama -- took rest.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then went to Setubandha [Ramesvara], where He
took His bath at a place called Dhanustirtha. From there He
visited the Ramesvara temple and then took rest.
PURPORT
The path through the ocean to the islands known as
Mandapam and Pambam consists partly of sand and partly of water. The
island of Pambam is about eleven miles long and six miles wide. From
the Pambam Harbor four miles to the north is a temple known as
Ramesvara. It is said, devi-pattanam arabhya gaccheyuh setu-bandhanam: "
After visiting the temple of the goddess Durga, one should
go to the temple of Ramesvara." In this area there are
twenty-four different holy places, one of which is Dhanustirtha, located
about twelve miles southeast of Ramesvara. It is near the last station
of the South Indian Railway, a station called Ramanada. It
is said that here, due to the request of Vibhisana, the
younger brother of Ravana, Lord Ramacandra destroyed a small
bridge with His bow upon returning to His capital. If one visits
Dhanustirtha, he is liberated from the cycle of birth and
death. It is also said that if one
bathes at Dhanustirtha, he gets all the fruitive
results of performing the yajna known as agnistoma.
Setubandha
is on the island of
Pambam. There is a temple of Lord Siva there
called Ramesvara. This indicates that
Lord Siva is
a great personality whose worshipable Deity is Lord
Rama. Thus the Lord Siva found in
the temple of Ramesvara is a great
devotee of Lord Ramacandra
.
Madhya 9.200
TEXT 200
TEXT
vipra-sabhaya sune tanha kurma-purana
tara madhye aila pativrata-upakhyana
SYNONYMS
vipra-sabhaya -- among the assembly of brahmanas; sune -- hears; tanha --
there; kurma-purana -- the Kurma Purana; tara madhye -- within that
book; aila -- there was; pati-vrata -- of the chaste woman; upakhyana --
narration.
TRANSLATION
There, among the brahmanas, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard the
Kurma Purana, wherein was mentioned the chaste woman's narration.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura remarks that in
the Kurma Purana there are only two khandas, namely the Purva-khanda
and Uttara-khanda. Sometimes it is said that the Kurma Purana contains
six thousand verses, but originally the Kurma Purana contains seventeen
thousand verses. According to Srimad-Bhagavatam, there are seventeen
thousand verses in the Kurma Purana, which is one of
the eighteen Maha-puranas. The Kurma Purana is considered the
fifteenth of these Maha-puranas.
Madhya 9.201
TEXT 201
TEXT
pativrata-siromani janaka-nandini
jagatera mata sita -- ramera grhini
SYNONYMS
pati-vrata -- chaste woman; siromani -- the topmost; janaka-nandini --
is the daughter of King Janaka; jagatera -- of all the three worlds;
mata -- the mother; sita -- Sita; ramera -- of Lord Ramacandra; grhini --
wife.
TRANSLATION
Srimati Sitadevi is the mother of the three worlds and the wife of Lord
Ramacandra. Among chaste women, she is supreme, and she is the daughter
of King Janaka.
Madhya 9.202
TEXT 202
TEXT
ravana dekhiya sita laila agnira sarana
ravana haite agni kaila sitake avarana
SYNONYMS
ravana dekhiya -- after seeing Ravana; sita -- mother Sita; laila --
took; agnira -- of fire; sarana -- shelter; ravana -- Ravana; haite --
from; agni -- fire; kaila -- did; sitake -- unto mother Sita; avarana --
covering.
TRANSLATION
When Ravana came to kidnap mother Sita and she saw him, she took shelter
of the fire-god, Agni. The fire-god covered the body of mother Sita, and
in this way she was protected from the hands of Ravana.
Madhya 9.203
TEXT 203
TEXT
'maya-sita' ravana nila, sunila akhyane
suni' mahaprabhu haila anandita mane
SYNONYMS
maya-sita -- false, illusory Sita; ravana -- the demon Ravana; nila --
took; sunila -- heard; akhyane -- in the narration of the Kurma Purana;
suni' -- hearing this; mahaprabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; haila
-- became; anandita -- very happy; mane -- within the mind.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing from the Kurma Purana how Ravana had kidnapped the false
form of mother Sita, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu became very satisfied.
Madhya 9.204
TEXT 204
TEXT
sita lana rakhilena parvatira sthane
'maya-sita' diya agni vancila ravane
SYNONYMS
sita lana -- taking away mother Sita; rakhilena -- kept; parvatira
sthane -- with mother Parvati, or goddess Durga; maya-sita -- the false,
illusory form of Sita; diya -- delivering; agni -- fire-god; vancila --
cheated; ravane -- the demon Ravana.
TRANSLATION
The fire-god, Agni, took away the real Sita and brought her to the place
of Parvati, goddess Durga. An illusory form of mother Sita was then
delivered to Ravana, and in this way Ravana was cheated.
Madhya 9.205
TEXT 205
TEXT
raghunatha asi' yabe ravane marila
agni-pariksa dite yabe sitare anila
SYNONYMS
raghu-natha -- Lord Ramacandra; asi' -- coming; yabe -- when;
ravane -- Ravana; marila -- killed; agni-pariksa -- test by fire; dite --
to give; yabe -- when; sitare -- Sita; anila -- brought.
TRANSLATION
After Ravana was killed by Lord Ramacandra, Sitadevi was brought before
the fire.
Madhya 9.206
TEXT 206
TEXT
tabe maya-sita agni kari antardhana
satya-sita ani' dila rama-vidyamana
SYNONYMS
tabe -- at that time; maya-sita -- the illusory form of Sita; agni --
the fire-god; kari -- doing; antardhana -- disappearing; satya-sita --
real Sita; ani' -- bringing; dila -- delivered; rama -- of Ramacandra;
vidyamana -- in the presence.
TRANSLATION
When the illusory Sita was brought before the fire by Lord Ramacandra,
the fire-god made the illusory form disappear and delivered the real
Sita to Lord Ramacandra.
Madhya 9.207
TEXT 207
TEXT
sunina prabhura anandita haila mana
ramadasa-viprera katha ha-ila smarana
SYNONYMS
sunina -- hearing; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; anandita --
very pleased; haila -- became; mana -- the mind; rama-dasa-viprera --
of the brahmana known as Ramadasa; katha -- words; ha-ila smarana -- He
remembered.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard this story, He was very pleased, and
He remembered the words of Ramadasa Vipra.
Madhya 9.208
TEXT 208
TEXT
e-saba siddhanta suni' prabhura ananda haila
brahmanera sthane magi' sei patra nila
SYNONYMS
e-saba siddhanta -- all these conclusive statements; suni' -- hearing;
prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ananda -- happiness; haila -
- there was; brahmanera sthane -- from the brahmanas; magi' -- asking;
sei -- those; patra -- leaves; nila -- took.
TRANSLATION
Indeed, when Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard these conclusive statements
from Kurma Purana, He felt great happiness. After asking the
brahmana's permission, He took possession of those manuscript scrolls.
In this way Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu received the old manuscript
of the Kurma Purana.
Madhya 9.209
TEXT 209
TEXT
nutana patra lekhana pustake deoyaila
pratiti lagi' puratana patra magi' nila
SYNONYMS
nutana -- new; patra -- leaves; lekhana -- getting written; pustake --
the book; deoyaila -- He gave; pratiti lagi' -- for direct evidence;
puratana -- the old; patra -- leaves; magi' -- requesting; nila -- He
took.
TRANSLATION
Since the Kurma Purana was very old, the manuscript was also very old.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took possession of the original leaves in order
to have direct evidence. The text was copied on to a new scroll in
order that the Purana be replaced.
Madhya 9.210
TEXT 210
TEXT
patra lana punah daksina-mathura aila
ramadasa vipre sei patra ani dila
SYNONYMS
patra lana -- taking those leaves; punah -- again; daksina-mathura -- to
southern Mathura; aila -- came; rama-dasa vipre -- unto the brahmana
known as Ramadasa; sei patra -- those leaves; ani -- bringing back; dila
-- delivered.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned to southern Mathura [Madura] and
delivered the original manuscript of the Kurma Purana to Ramadasa Vipra.
Madhya 9.211-212
TEXTS 211-212
TEXT
sitayaradhito vahnis
chaya-sitam ajijanat
tam jahara dasa-grivah
sita vahni-puram gata
pariksa-samaye vahnim
chaya-sita vivesa sa
vahnih sitam samaniya
tat-purastad aninayat
SYNONYMS
sitaya -- by mother Sita; aradhitah -- being called for; vahnih -- the
fire-god; chaya-sitam -- the illusory form of mother Sita; ajijanat --
created; tam -- her; jahara -- kidnapped; dasa-grivah -- the ten-faced
Ravana; sita -- mother Sita; vahni-puram -- to the abode of the fire-god;
gata -- departed; pariksa-samaye -- at the time of testing; vahnim --
the fire; chaya-sita -- the illusory form of Sita; vivesa -- entered; sa
-- she; vahnih -- the fire-god; sitam -- the original mother Sita;
samaniya -- bringing back; tat-purastat -- in His presence; aninayat --
brought back.
TRANSLATION
"When he was petitioned by mother Sita, the fire-god, Agni, brought
forth an illusory form of Sita, and Ravana, who had ten heads, kidnapped
the false Sita. The original Sita then went to the abode of the fire-god.
When Lord Ramacandra tested the body of Sita, it was the false,
illusory Sita that entered the fire. At that time the fire-god brought
the original Sita from his abode and delivered her to Lord Ramacandra."
PURPORT
These two verses are taken from the Kurma Purana.
Madhya 9.213
TEXT 213
TEXT
patra pana viprera haila anandita mana
prabhura carane dhari' karaye krandana
SYNONYMS
patra pana -- getting the leaves; viprera -- of the brahmana; haila --
there was; anandita -- pleased; mana -- mind; prabhura carane -- the
lotus feet of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dhari' -- taking; karaye --
does; krandana -- crying.
TRANSLATION
Ramadasa Vipra was very pleased to receive the original scrolls
of the Kurma Purana, and he immediately fell down before the
lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and began to cry.
Madhya 9.214
TEXT 214
TEXT
vipra kahe, -- tumi saksat sri-raghunandana
sannyasira vese more dila darasana
SYNONYMS
vipra kahe -- the brahmana said; tumi -- You; saksat -- directly; sri-
raghunandana -- Lord Sri Ramacandra; sannyasira vese -- in the dress of
a mendicant; more -- unto me; dila -- You gave; darasana -- audience.
TRANSLATION
After receiving the manuscript, the brahmana, being very pleased, said, "
Sir, You are Lord Ramacandra Himself and have come in the dress of a
sannyasi to give me audience.
Madhya 9.215
TEXT 215
TEXT
maha-duhkha ha-ite more karila nistara
aji mora ghare bhiksa kara angikara
SYNONYMS
maha-duhkha -- great unhappiness; ha-ite -- from; more -- me; karila
nistara -- You delivered; aji -- today; mora -- my; ghare -- at home;
bhiksa -- lunch; kara -- do; angikara -- accept.
TRANSLATION
"My dear sir, You have delivered me from a very unhappy condition. I
request that You take Your lunch at my place. Please accept this
invitation.
Madhya 9.216
TEXT 216
TEXT
mano-duhkhe bhala bhiksa na dila sei dine
mora bhagye punarapi pailun darasane
SYNONYMS
mano-duhkhe -- out of great mental distress; bhala bhiksa -- good lunch;
na dila -- could not give You; sei dine -- that day; mora bhagye --
because of my fortune; punarapi -- again; pailun -- I have gotten;
darasane -- visit.
TRANSLATION
"Due to my mental distress I could not give You a very nice lunch the
other day. Now, by good fortune, You have come again to my home."
Madhya 9.217
TEXT 217
TEXT
eta bali' sei vipra sukhe paka kaila
uttama prakare prabhuke bhiksa karaila
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; sei vipra -- that brahmana; sukhe -- in great
happiness; paka kaila -- cooked; uttama prakare -- very nicely; prabhuke
-- unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhiksa -- lunch; karaila -- gave.
TRANSLATION
Saying this, the brahmana very happily cooked food, and a first-class
dinner was offered to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 9.218
TEXT 218
TEXT
sei ratri tahan rahi' tanre krpa kari'
pandya-dese tamraparni gela gaurahari
SYNONYMS
sei ratri -- that night; tahan -- there; rahi' -- staying; tanre -- unto
the brahmana; krpa kari' -- showing mercy; pandya-dese -- in the country
known as Pandya-desa; tamra-parni -- to the place named Tamraparni;
gela -- went; gaura-hari -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed that night in the house of the brahmana.
Then, after showing him mercy, the Lord started toward Tamraparni
in Pandya-desa.
PURPORT
Pandya-desa is situated in the southern part of India known as Kerala
. In all these areas there were many kings with the title Pandya
who ruled over places known as Madura and Ramesvara. In the Ramayana
the name of Tamraparni is mentioned. Tamraparni is also
known as Purunai and is situated on the bank of the Tinebheli River.
This river flows into the Bay of Bengal. Tamraparni
is also mentioned in Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.39).
Madhya 9.219
TEXT 219
TEXT
tamraparni snana kari' tamraparni-tire
naya tripati dekhi' bule kutuhale
SYNONYMS
tamra-parni -- in the Tamraparni River; snana kari' -- taking a
bath; tamra-parni-tire -- on the bank of the Tamraparni River; naya
tripati -- the Deity named Naya-tripati; dekhi' -- after seeing; bule --
wandered on; kutuhale -- in great curiosity.
TRANSLATION
There was also a temple of Lord Visnu at Naya-tripati on the
bank of the River Tamraparni, and after bathing in the river, Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw the Deity with great curiosity and wandered on.
PURPORT
This Naya-tripati is
also called Alovara Tirunagari. It is a town
about seventeen miles southeast of Tinebheli. There are nine temples
there of Sripati, or Visnu. All the Deities of the temples assemble
together during a yearly festival in the town.
Madhya 9.220
TEXT 220
TEXT
ciyadatala tirthe dekhi' sri-rama-laksmana
tilakanci asi' kaila siva darasana
SYNONYMS
ciyadatala -- named Ciyadatala; tirthe -- at the holy place; dekhi' --
seeing; sri-rama-laksmana -- the Deity of Lord Rama and Laksmana;
tilakanci -- to Tilakanci; asi' -- coming; kaila -- did;
siva darasana -- visiting the temple of Lord Siva.
TRANSLATION
After this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to a holy place known as
Ciyadatala, where He saw the Deities of the two brothers, Lord
Ramacandra and Laksmana. He then proceeded to Tilakanci, where He
saw the temple of Lord Siva.
PURPORT
Ciyadatala is sometimes known as Cheratala. It is near the city of Kaila,
and there is a temple there dedicated to Lord Sri Ramacandra and His
brother Laksmana. Tilankanci is about thirty miles
northeast of the city of Tinebheli.
Madhya 9.221
TEXT 221
TEXT
gajendra-moksana-tirthe dekhi visnu-murti
panagadi-tirthe asi' dekhila sitapati
SYNONYMS
gajendra-moksana-tirthe -- at the holy place named Gajendra-moksana;
dekhi -- seeing; visnu-murti -- the Deity of Lord Visnu; panagadi-tirthe
-- to the holy place Panagadi; asi' -- coming; dekhila -- saw; sita-pati
-- Lord Sri Ramacandra and Sitadevi.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then visited the holy place named Gajendra-
moksana, where He went to a temple of Lord Visnu. He then came to
Panagadi, a holy place where He saw the Deities of Lord Ramacandra and
Sita.
PURPORT
The Gajendra-moksana temple is sometimes mistaken for a temple of Lord
Siva. It is about two miles south of the city of Kaivera.
Actually the Deity is not of Lord Siva but of Visnu. Panagadi is about
thirty miles south of the Tinebheli. Formerly the temple there contained
the Deity of Sri Ramacandra, but later the devotees of Lord Siva
replaced Lord Ramacandra with a deity of Lord Siva named Ramesvara or
Ramalinga Siva.
Madhya 9.222
TEXT 222
TEXT
camtapure asi' dekhi' sri-rama-laksmana
sri-vaikunthe asi' kaila visnu darasana
SYNONYMS
camtapure -- to Camtapura; asi' -- coming; dekhi' -- seeing; sri-rama-
laksmana -- Lord Ramacandra and Laksmana; sri-vaikunthe asi' -- coming
to Sri Vaikuntha; kaila -- did; visnu darasana -- seeing the temple of
Lord Visnu.
TRANSLATION
Later the Lord went to Camtapura, where He saw the Deities of Lord
Ramacandra and Laksmana. He then went to Sri Vaikuntha and saw the
temple of Lord Visnu there.
PURPORT
This Camtapura is sometimes called Cenganura and is located in the
state of Tribankura. A temple of Lord Ramacandra and Laksmana is located
there. Sri Vaikuntha -- about four miles north of Aloyara Tirunagari
and sixteen miles southeast of Tinebheli -- is situated on the bank of
the Tamraparni River.
Madhya 9.223
TEXT 223
TEXT
malaya-parvate kaila agastya-vandana
kanya-kumari tanhan kaila darasana
SYNONYMS
malaya-parvate -- in the Malaya Hills; kaila -- did; agastya-vandana --
obeisances to Agastya Muni; kanya-kumari -- Kanyakumari; tanhan --
there; kaila darasana -- visited.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then went to Malaya-parvata and offered prayers
to Agastya Muni. He then visited a place known as Kanyakumari
[presently Cape Comorin].
PURPORT
The range of mountains in South India beginning at Kerala and extending
up to Cape Comorin is called Malaya-parvata. Concerning Agastya there
are four opinions: (1) There is a temple of Agastya Muni in the village
of Agastyam-palli in the district of Tanjor. (2) There is a temple
of Lord Skanda on a hill known as Sivagiri, and it is
supposed to have been established by Agastya Muni. (3) Some say that
near Cape Comorin there is a hill known as Pathiya, which was
supposed to have served as Agastya Muni's residence. (4) There is
another place known as Agastya-malaya, which is a range of hills on both
sides of the Tamraparni River. Cape Comorin itself is known as
Kanyakumari.
Madhya 9.224
TEXT 224
TEXT
amlitalaya dekhi' sri-rama gaurahari
mallara-desete aila yatha bhattathari
SYNONYMS
amlitalaya -- at Amlitala; dekhi' -- seeing; sri-rama -- the Deity of
Ramacandra; gaura-hari -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; mallara-desete --
to Mallara-desa; aila -- came; yatha -- where; bhattathari -- the
Bhattathari community.
TRANSLATION
After visiting Kanyakumari, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to
Amlitala, where He saw the Deity of Sri Ramacandra. Thereafter He went
to a place known as Mallara-desa, where a community of Bhattatharis
lived.
PURPORT
North of Mallara-desa is South Kanada. To the east is Kurga and
Mahisura. To the south is Kocina, and to the west is the Arabian Sea. As
far as the Bhattatharis are concerned, they are a nomadic community.
They camp wherever they like and have no fixed place of residence.
Outwardly they take up the dress of sannyasis, but their real business
is stealing and cheating. They allure others to supply women for their
camp, and they cheat many women and keep them within their community. In
this way they increase their population. In Bengal also there is a
similar community. Actually, all over the world there are nomadic
communities whose business is simply to allure, cheat and steal innocent
women.
Madhya 9.225
TEXT 225
TEXT
tamala-kartika dekhi' aila vetapani
raghunatha dekhi' tahan vancila rajani
SYNONYMS
tamala-kartika -- the place named Tamala-kartika; dekhi' -- seeing; aila
-- came; vetapani -- to Vetapani; raghu-natha dekhi' -- seeing the
temple of Lord Ramacandra; tahan -- there; vancila rajani -- passed the
night.
TRANSLATION
After visiting Mallara-desa, Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to Tamala-kartika
and then to Vetapani. There He saw the temple of Raghunatha, Lord
Ramacandra, and passed the night.
PURPORT
Tamala-kartika is forty-four miles south of Tinebheli and two miles
south of the Aramavalli mountain. It is located within the jurisdiction
of Tobala. There is situated there a temple of Subrahmanya, or
Lord Kartika, the son of Lord Siva. Vetapani, or Vatapani, is north of
Kaila in the Tribankura state. It is known also as Bhutapandi and is
within the jurisdiction of the Tobala district. It is understood that
formerly there was a Deity of Lord Ramacandra there. Later the Deity was
replaced with a deity of Lord Siva known as Ramesvara or Bhutanatha.
Madhya 9.226
TEXT 226
TEXT
gosanira sange rahe krsnadasa brahmana
bhattathari-saha tahan haila darasana
SYNONYMS
gosanira -- the Lord; sange -- with; rahe -- there was; krsna-dasa
brahmana -- a brahmana servant named Krsnadasa; bhattathari-saha -- with
the Bhattatharis; tahan -- there; haila -- there was; darasana -- a
meeting.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was accompanied by His servant called Krsnadasa.
He was a brahmana, but he met with the Bhattatharis there.
Madhya 9.227
TEXT 227
TEXT
stri-dhana dekhana tanra lobha janmaila
arya sarala viprera buddhi-nasa kaila
SYNONYMS
stri-dhana -- women; dekhana -- showing; tanra -- his; lobha --
attraction; janmaila -- they created; arya -- gentleman; sarala --
simple; viprera -- of the brahmana; buddhi-nasa -- loss of intelligence;
kaila -- they made.
TRANSLATION
The Bhattatharis allured the brahmana Krsnadasa, who was
simple and gentle. By virtue of their bad association, they polluted his
intelligence.
Madhya 9.228
TEXT 228
TEXT
prate uthi' aila vipra bhattathari-ghare
tahara uddese prabhu aila satvare
SYNONYMS
prate -- in the morning; uthi' -- rising from bed; aila -- came; vipra --
the brahmana Krsnadasa; bhattathari-ghare -- to the place of the
Bhattatharis; tahara uddese -- for him; prabhu -- Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; aila -- came; satvare -- very soon.
TRANSLATION
The allured Krsnadasa went to their place early in the
morning. Just to find him out, the Lord also went there very quickly
.
Madhya 9.229
TEXT 229
TEXT
asiya kahena saba bhattathari-gane
amara brahmana tumi rakha ki karane
SYNONYMS
asiya -- coming; kahena -- He said; saba -- all; bhattathari-gane -- to
the Bhattatharis; amara -- My; brahmana -- brahmana assistant; tumi --
you; rakha -- are keeping; ki -- for what; karane -- reason.
TRANSLATION
Upon reaching their community, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked the
Bhattatharis, "Why are you keeping My brahmana assistant?
Madhya 9.230
TEXT 230
TEXT
amiha sannyasi dekha, tumiha sannyasi
more duhkha deha, -- tomara 'nyaya' nahi vasi
SYNONYMS
amiha -- I; sannyasi -- in the renounced order of life; dekha -- you see;
tumiha -- you; sannyasi -- in the renounced order of life; more -- unto
Me; duhkha -- pains; deha -- you give; tomara -- your; nyaya -- logic;
nahi vasi -- I do not find.
TRANSLATION
"I am in the renounced order of life, and so are you. Yet you are
purposefully giving Me pain, and I do not see any good logic in this."
Madhya 9.231
TEXT 231
TEXT
suna' saba bhattathari uthe astra lana
maribare aila sabe cari-dike dhana
SYNONYMS
suna' -- hearing; saba -- all; bhattathari -- nomads; uthe -- rise up;
astra -- weapons; lana -- taking; maribare -- to kill; aila -- came;
sabe -- all; cari-dike -- all around; dhana -- running.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, all the Bhattatharis came running,
with weapons in their hands, desiring to hurt the Lord.
Madhya 9.232
TEXT 232
TEXT
tara astra tara ange pade hata haite
khanda khanda haila bhattathari palaya cari bhite
SYNONYMS
tara astra -- their weapons; tara ange -- on their bodies; pade -- fall;
hata haite -- from their hands; khanda khanda -- cut into pieces; haila -
- became; bhattathari -- the nomads; palaya -- run away; cari bhite --
in the four directions.
TRANSLATION
However, their weapons fell from their hands and struck their own bodies.
When some of the Bhattatharis were thus cut to pieces, the others ran
away in the four directions.
Madhya 9.233
TEXT 233
TEXT
bhattathari-ghare maha uthila krandana
kese dhari' vipre lana karila gamana
SYNONYMS
bhattathari-ghare -- at the home of the Bhattatharis; maha -- great;
uthila -- there arose; krandana -- crying; kese dhari' -- catching by
the hair; vipre -- the brahmana Krsnadasa; lana -- taking; karila -- did;
gamana -- departure.
TRANSLATION
While there was much roaring and crying at the Bhattathari community,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu grabbed Krsnadasa by the hair and took him away.
Madhya 9.234
TEXT 234
TEXT
sei dina cali' aila payasvini-tire
snana kari' gela adi-kesava-mandire
SYNONYMS
sei dina -- on that very day; cali' -- walking; aila -- came; payasvini-
tire -- to the bank of the Payasvini River; snana kari' -- bathing; gela
-- went; adi-kesava-mandire -- to the temple of Adi-kesava.
TRANSLATION
That very night, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His assistant Krsnadasa
arrived at the bank of the Payasvini River. They took their bath and
then went to see the temple of Adi-kesava.
Madhya 9.235
TEXT 235
TEXT
kesava dekhiya preme avista haila
nati, stuti, nrtya, gita, bahuta karila
SYNONYMS
kesava dekhiya -- after seeing the Deity of Lord Kesava; preme -- in
ecstasy; avista haila -- became overwhelmed; nati -- obeisances; stuti --
prayer; nrtya -- dancing; gita -- chanting; bahuta karila -- performed
in various ways.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord saw the Adi-kesava temple, He was immediately overwhelmed
with ecstasy. Offering various obeisances and prayers, He chanted and
danced.
Madhya 9.236
TEXT 236
TEXT
prema dekhi' loke haila maha-camatkara
sarva-loka kaila prabhura parama satkara
SYNONYMS
prema dekhi' -- seeing His ecstatic features; loke -- people; haila --
became; maha-camatkara -- greatly astonished; sarva-loka -- all people;
kaila -- did; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; parama
satkara -- great reception.
TRANSLATION
All the people there were greatly astonished to see the ecstatic
pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. They all received the Lord very
well.
Madhya 9.237
TEXT 237
TEXT
maha-bhakta-gana-saha tahan gosthi kaila
'brahma-samhitadhyaya'-punthi tahan paila
SYNONYMS
maha-bhakta-gana-saha -- among highly advanced devotees; tahan -- there;
gosthi kaila -- discussed; brahma-samhita-adhyaya -- one chapter of
Brahma-samhita; punthi -- scripture; tahan -- there; paila -- found.
TRANSLATION
In the temple of Adi-kesava, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu discussed spiritual
matters among highly advanced devotees. While there, He found a chapter
of the Brahma-samhita.
Madhya 9.238
TEXT 238
TEXT
punthi pana prabhura haila ananda apara
kampasru-sveda-stambha-pulaka vikara
SYNONYMS
punthi pana -- getting that scripture; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; haila -- there was; ananda -- happiness; apara -- unlimited;
kampa -- trembling; asru -- tears; sveda -- perspiration; stambha --
being stunned; pulaka -- jubilation; vikara -- transformations.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was greatly happy to find a chapter of that
scripture, and symptoms of ecstatic transformation -- trembling, tears,
perspiration, trance and jubilation -- were manifest in His body.
Madhya 9.239-240
TEXTS 239-240
TEXT
siddhanta-sastra nahi 'brahma-samhita'ra sama
govinda-mahima jnanera parama karana
alpaksare kahe siddhanta apara
sakala-vaisnava-sastra-madhye ati sara
SYNONYMS
siddhanta-sastra -- conclusive scripture; nahi -- there is not; brahma-
samhitara sama -- like the scripture Brahma-samhita; govinda-mahima --
of the glories of Lord Govinda; jnanera -- of knowledge; parama -- final;
karana -- cause; alpa-aksare -- briefly; kahe -- expresses; siddhanta --
conclusion; apara -- unlimited; sakala -- all; vaisnava-sastra --
devotional scriptures; madhye -- among; ati sara -- very essential.
TRANSLATION
There is no scripture equal to the Brahma-samhita as far as the final
spiritual conclusion is concerned. Indeed, that scripture is the supreme
revelation of the glories of Lord Govinda, for it reveals the topmost
knowledge about Him. Since all conclusions are briefly presented in
Brahma-samhita, it is essential among all the Vaisnava literatures.
PURPORT
The Brahma-samhita is a very important scripture. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu acquired the Fifth Chapter from the Adi-kesava temple. In
that Fifth Chapter, the philosophical conclusion of acintya-bhedabheda-
tattva (simultaneous oneness and difference) is presented. The chapter
also presents methods of devotional service, the eighteen-syllable Vedic
hymn, discourses on the soul, the Supersoul and fruitive activity, an
explanation of kama-gayatri, kama-bija and the original Maha-Visnu, and
a specific description of the spiritual world, specifically Goloka
Vrndavana. Brahma-samhita also explains the demigod Ganesa, the
Garbhodakasayi Visnu, the origin of the Gayatri mantra, the form of
Govinda and His transcendental position and abode, the living entities,
the highest goal, the goddess Durga, the meaning of austerity, the five
gross elements, love of Godhead, impersonal Brahman, the initiation of
Lord Brahma, and the vision of transcendental love enabling one to see
the Lord. The steps of devotional service are also explained. The mind,
yoga-nidra, the goddess of fortune, devotional service in spontaneous
ecstasy, incarnations beginning with Lord Ramacandra, Deities, the
conditioned soul and its duties, the truth about Lord Visnu, prayers,
Vedic hymns, Lord Siva, Vedic literature, personalism and
impersonalism, good behavior and many other subjects are also discussed.
There is also a description of the sun and the universal forms of the
Lord. All these subjects are conclusively explained in a nutshell in
this Brahma-samhita.
Madhya 9.241
TEXT 241
TEXT
bahu yatne sei punthi nila lekhaiya
'ananta padmanabha' aila harasita hana
SYNONYMS
bahu yatne -- with great attention; sei punthi -- that scripture; nila --
took; lekhaiya -- having it copied; ananta-padmanabha -- to Ananta
Padmanabha; aila -- came; harasita -- in great happiness; hana -- being.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu copied the Brahma-samhita and afterwards, with
great pleasure, went to a place known as Ananta Padmanabha.
PURPORT
Concerning Ananta Padmanabha, one should refer to Madhya-lila, Chapter
One, text 115.
Madhya 9.242
TEXT 242
TEXT
dina-dui padmanabhera kaila darasana
anande dekhite aila sri-janardana
SYNONYMS
dina-dui -- two days; padma-nabhera -- of the Deity known as
Padmanabha; kaila darasana -- visited the temple; anande -- in great
ecstasy; dekhite -