\\psf\Home\Desktop\Cc-2003\Madhya 25--2003.TXT
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Madhya 25: How All the Residents of Varanasi Became Vaisnavas
Chapter 25:
How All the Residents of Varanasi Became Vaisnavas
The following is a summary of Chapter Twenty-five. A Maharashtriyan
brahmana who was living in Benares was a great devotee of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. He was always very happy to hear the glories of the Lord,
and it was by his arrangement that all the sannyasis of Varanasi became
devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He invited all the sannyasis to
his house to meet Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and this incident has been
described in the Seventh Chapter of the Adi-lila. From that day, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu became famous in the city of Varanasi, and many
important men in that city became His followers. By and by, one of the
disciples of the great sannyasi Prakasananda Sarasvati became devoted to
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and this devotee explained Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu to Prakasananda Sarasvati and supported His views with
various arguments.
One day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to take a bath at Pancanada, and
afterwards all His devotees began chanting the Hare Krsna mantra in
front of the temple of Bindu Madhava. At this time Prakasananda
Sarasvati and all his devotees approached the Lord. Prakasananda
Sarasvati immediately fell down at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and very much regretted his past behavior toward the Lord. He
asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu about devotional service in terms of the
Vedanta-sutra, and the Lord told him about devotional service that is
approved by great personalities who know the Vedanta-sutra. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu then pointed out that Srimad-Bhagavatam is the proper
commentary on the Vedanta-sutra. He then explained the catuh-sloki [SB
2.9.33/34/35/36] (four slokas) of Srimad-Bhagavatam, the essence of that
great scripture.
From that day on, all the sannyasis of Varanasi became devotees of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Before returning to His headquarters at Jagannatha
Puri, the Lord advised Sanatana Gosvami to go to Vrndavana. The Lord
then departed for Jagannatha Puri. Kaviraja Gosvami then describes
something about Srila Rupa Gosvami, Sanatana Gosvami and Subuddhi Raya.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned to Jagannatha Puri through the great
forest of Jharikhanda in central India. At the end of this chapter,
Kaviraja Gosvami sums up the incidents of the madhya-lila and instructs
every living being to read this sublime book of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu'
s pastimes.
Madhya 25.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
vaisnavi-krtya sannyasi-
mukhan kasi-nivasinah
sanatanam su-samskrtya
prabhur niladrim agamat
SYNONYMS
vaisnavi-krtya -- making into Vaisnavas; sannyasi-mukhan -- headed by
the sannyasis; kasi-nivasinah -- the residents of Varanasi; sanatanam --
Sanatana Gosvami; su-samskrtya -- completely purifying; prabhuh -- Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; niladrim -- to Jagannatha Puri; agamat --
returned.
TRANSLATION
After converting into Vaisnavas all the residents of Varanasi, who were
headed by the sannyasis, and after completely educating and instructing
Sanatana Gosvami there, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned to Jagannatha
Puri.
Madhya 25.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-caitanya jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-caitanya -- to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- to Nityananda Prabhu; jaya -- all
glories; advaita-candra -- to Advaita Prabhu; jaya -- all glories; gaura-
bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Caitanya! All glories to Lord Nityananda! All
glories to Advaitacandra! And all glories to all the devotees of Lord
Caitanya!
Madhya 25.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
ei mata mahaprabhu dui masa paryanta
sikhaila tanre bhakti-siddhantera anta
SYNONYMS
ei mata -- in this way; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dui masa
paryanta -- for two months; sikhaila -- instructed; tanre -- him; bhakti-
siddhantera anta -- all the conclusions of devotional service.
TRANSLATION
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu instructed Sri Sanatana Gosvami in all the
conclusions of devotional service for two consecutive months.
Madhya 25.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
'paramananda kirtaniya'-sekharera sangi
prabhure kirtana sunaya, ati bada rangi
SYNONYMS
paramananda kirtaniya -- Paramananda Kirtaniya; sekharera sangi -- a
friend of Candrasekhara's; prabhure -- unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
kirtana sunaya -- sings and chants; ati bada rangi -- very humorous.
TRANSLATION
For as long as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was in Varanasi, Paramananda
Kirtaniya, who was a friend of Candrasekhara's, chanted the Hare Krsna
maha-mantra and other songs to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in a very
humorous way.
Madhya 25.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
sannyasira gana prabhure yadi upeksila
bhakta-duhkha khandaite tare krpa kaila
SYNONYMS
sannyasira gana -- all the sannyasis; prabhure -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; yadi -- when; upeksila -- criticized; bhakta-duhkha -- the
unhappiness of the devotees; khandaite -- to drive away; tare -- to them;
krpa kaila -- showed His mercy.
TRANSLATION
When the Mayavadi sannyasis at Varanasi criticized Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the Lord's devotees became very much depressed. To satisfy
them, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu showed His mercy to the sannyasis.
Madhya 25.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
sannyasire krpa purve likhiyachon vistariya
uddese kahiye ihan sanksepa kariya
SYNONYMS
sannyasire krpa -- mercy upon the sannyasis; purve -- before this;
likhiyachon -- I have described; vistariya -- elaborately; uddese -- in
reference to that; kahiye -- let me speak; ihan -- here; sanksepa kariya
-- in brief.
TRANSLATION
In the Seventh Chapter of the Adi-lila I have already elaborately
described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's deliverance of the sannyasis at
Varanasi, but I shall briefly repeat it in this chapter.
Madhya 25.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
yahan tahan prabhura ninda kare sannyasira gana
suni' duhkhe maharastriya vipra karaye cintana
SYNONYMS
yahan tahan -- anywhere and everywhere; prabhura ninda -- criticism of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare -- do; sannyasira gana -- the Mayavadi
sannyasis; suni' -- hearing; duhkhe -- in great unhappiness;
maharastriya vipra -- the brahmana of Maharashtra province; karaye
cintana -- was contemplating.
TRANSLATION
When the Mayavadi sannyasis were criticizing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
anywhere and everywhere in Varanasi, the Maharashtriyan brahmana,
hearing this blasphemy, began to think about this unhappily.
Madhya 25.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
"prabhura svabhava,-yeba dekhe sannidhane
'svarupa' anubhavi' tanre ‘isvara' kari' mane
SYNONYMS
prabhura svabhava -- the characteristics of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
yeba -- anyone who; dekhe -- sees; sannidhane -- nearby; svarupa -- His
personality; anubhavi' -- realizing; tanre -- Him; isvara kari' -- as
the Supreme Lord; mane -- accepts.
TRANSLATION
The Maharashtriyan brahmana thought, "Whoever closely sees the
characteristics of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu immediately realizes His
personality and accepts Him as the Supreme Lord.
Madhya 25.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
kona prakare paron yadi ekatra karite
iha dekhi' sannyasi-gana habe inhara bhakte
SYNONYMS
kona prakare -- by some means; paron -- I am able; yadi -- if; ekatra
karite -- to assemble; iha dekhi' -- by seeing this (Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's personal characteristics); sannyasi-gana -- the Mayavadi
sannyasis of Varanasi; habe -- will become; inhara bhakte -- His
devotees.
TRANSLATION
"If by some means I can assemble all the sannyasis together, they will
certainly become His devotees after seeing His personal characteristics.
PURPORT
If one saw the personal characteristics and activities of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, one would certainly be convinced that He was the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. One can ascertain this by following in the
footsteps of the sastric injunctions. This sincere study and
appreciation of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is also applicable to His
authorized devotees, and it is clearly stated in the Caitanya-caritamrta
(Antya-lila 7.11):
kali-kalera dharma -- krsna-nama-sankirtana
krsna-sakti vina nahe tara pravartana
In this Age of Kali, real religious propaganda should induce people to
chant the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. This is possible for someone who is
especially empowered by Krsna. No one can do this without being
especially favored by Krsna. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
comments in this regard in his Anubhasya, wherein he quotes a verse from
the Narayana-samhita:
dvapariyair janair visnuh pancaratrais tu kevalaih
kalau tu nama-matrena pujyate bhagavan harih
"In Dvapara-yuga, devotees of Lord Visnu and Krsna rendered devotional
service according to the principles of Pancaratra. In this Age of Kali,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead is worshiped simply by the chanting
of His holy names." Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura then
comments, "Without being empowered by the direct potency of Lord Krsna
to fulfill His desire and without being specifically favored by the Lord,
no human being can become the spiritual master of the whole world. He
certainly cannot succeed by mental concoction, which is not meant for
devotees or religious people. Only an empowered personality can
distribute the holy name of the Lord and enjoin all fallen souls to
worship Krsna. By distributing the holy name of the Lord, he cleanses
the hearts of the most fallen people; therefore he extinguishes the
blazing fire of the material world. Not only that, he broadcasts the
shining brightness of Krsna's effulgence throughout the world. Such an
acarya, or spiritual master, should be considered nondifferent from
Krsna -- that is, he should be considered the incarnation of Lord Krsna'
s potency. Such a personality is krsnalingita-vigraha -- that is, he is
always embraced by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna. Such a
person is above the considerations of the varnasrama institution. He is
the guru, or spiritual master, for the entire world, a devotee on the
topmost platform, the maha-bhagavata stage, and a paramahamsa-thakura, a
spiritual form only fit to be addressed as paramahamsa or thakura."
Nonetheless, there are many people who are just like owls and never open
their eyes to see the sunshine. These owlish personalities, who are
inferior even to the Mayavadi sannyasis, cannot see the brilliance of
Krsna's favor upon the maha-bhagavata devotee. They are prepared to
criticize the person engaged in distributing the holy name all over the
world and following in the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who
wanted Krsna consciousness preached in every town and city.
Madhya 25.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
varanasi-vasa amara haya sarva-kale
sarva-kala duhkha paba, iha na karile"
SYNONYMS
varanasi-vasa -- residence at Varanasi; amara -- my; haya -- there is;
sarva-kale -- always; sarva-kala -- always; duhkha paba -- I will suffer
unhappiness; iha -- this; na karile -- if I do not execute.
TRANSLATION
"I shall have to reside at Varanasi the rest of my life. If I do not try
to carry out this plan, I shall certainly continue to suffer mental
depression."
Madhya 25.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
eta cinti' nimantrila sannyasira gane
tabe sei vipra aila mahaprabhura sthane
SYNONYMS
eta cinti' -- thinking this; nimantrila -- he invited; sannyasira gane --
all the sannyasis; tabe -- then; sei vipra -- that brahmana; aila --
approached; mahaprabhura sthane -- the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Thinking like this, the Maharashtriyan brahmana extended an invitation
to all the sannyasis of Varanasi. After doing this, he finally
approached Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to extend Him an invitation.
Madhya 25.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
hena-kale ninda suni' sekhara, tapana
duhkha pana prabhu-pade kaila nivedana
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- exactly at this time; ninda suni' -- by hearing the
criticism (of Lord Caitanya by the Mayavadi sannyasis); sekhara tapana --
Candrasekhara and Tapana Misra; duhkha pana -- feeling very unhappy;
prabhu-pade -- unto the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila
nivedana -- submitted a request.
TRANSLATION
At this time, Candrasekhara and Tapana Misra both heard blasphemous
criticism against Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and felt very unhappy. They
came to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's lotus feet to submit a request.
Madhya 25.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
bhakta-duhkha dekhi' prabhu manete cintila
sannyasira mana phiraite mana ha-ila
SYNONYMS
bhakta-duhkha dekhi' -- seeing the unhappiness of the devotees; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; manete cintila -- considered within His mind;
sannyasira mana -- the minds of the Mayavadi sannyasis; phiraite -- to
turn; mana ha-ila -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu decided.
TRANSLATION
They submitted their request, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, seeing His
devotees' unhappiness, decided to turn the minds of the Mayavadi
sannyasis.
Madhya 25.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
hena-kale vipra asi' karila nimantrana
aneka dainyadi kari' dharila carana
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; vipra -- the Maharashtriyan brahmana; asi' --
coming; karila nimantrana -- invited Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; aneka --
various; dainya-adi -- submissions; kari' -- doing; dharila carana --
touched His lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was seriously considering meeting with the
Mayavadi sannyasis, the Maharashtriyan brahmana approached Him and
extended an invitation. The brahmana submitted his invitation with great
humility, and he touched the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu tanra nimantrana manila
ara dina madhyahna kari' tanra ghare gela
SYNONYMS
tabe -- after this; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanra -- his;
nimantrana -- invitation; manila -- accepted; ara dina -- the next day;
madhyahna kari' -- after finishing His madhyahna activities (taking a
bath and murmuring mantras); tanra ghare gela -- He went to the house of
the Maharashtriyan brahmana.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted his invitation, and the next day, after
finishing His noontime activities, He went to the brahmana's house.
Madhya 25.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
tahan yaiche kaila prabhu sannyasira nistara
panca-tattvakhyane taha kariyachi vistara
SYNONYMS
tahan -- there; yaiche -- how; kaila -- performed; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sannyasira -- of the Mayavadi sannyasis; nistara --
deliverance; panca-tattva-akhyane -- in describing the glories of the
Panca-tattva (Sri Krsna Caitanya, Prabhu Nityananda, Sri Advaita,
Gadadhara and Srivasa); taha -- that subject matter; kariyachi vistara --
have described elaborately.
TRANSLATION
I have already described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's deliverance of the
Mayavadi sannyasis in the Seventh Chapter of the Adi-lila, when I
described the glories of the Panca-tattva -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
Sri Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Prabhu, Gadadhara Prabhu and Srivasa.
Madhya 25.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
grantha bade, punarukti haya ta' kathana
tahan ye na likhilun, taha kariye likhana
SYNONYMS
grantha -- the size of the book; bade -- increases; punar-ukti --
repetition; haya -- would be; ta' kathana -- of subject matters once
described; tahan -- there (in the Seventh Chapter); ye -- whatever; na
likhilun -- I have not described; taha -- that; kariye likhana -- I am
writing.
TRANSLATION
Since I have already described this incident very elaborately in the
Seventh Chapter of the Adi-lila, I do not wish to increase the size of
this book by giving another description. However, I shall try to include
in this chapter whatever was not described there.
Madhya 25.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
ye divasa prabhu sannyasire krpa kaila
se divasa haite grame kolahala haila
SYNONYMS
ye divasa -- the day when; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sannyasire
-- to the Mayavadi sannyasis; krpa kaila -- showed His mercy; se divasa
haite -- beginning from that day; grame -- in the locality; kolahala
haila -- there were many talks about this incident.
TRANSLATION
Beginning from the day on which Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu showed His mercy
to the Mayavadi sannyasis, there were vivid discussions about this
conversion among the inhabitants of Varanasi.
Madhya 25.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
lokera sanghatta aise prabhure dekhite
nana sastre pandita aise sastra vicarite
SYNONYMS
lokera sanghatta -- crowds of men; aise -- come; prabhure dekhite -- to
see Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nana sastre pandita -- scholars
learned in various scriptures; aise -- used to come; sastra vicarite --
to talk on various scriptures.
TRANSLATION
Crowds of people came to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu from that day on,
and scholars of various scriptures discussed different subject matters
with the Lord.
Madhya 25.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
sarva-sastra khandi' prabhu ‘bhakti' kare sara
sayuktika vakye mana phiraya sabara
SYNONYMS
sarva-sastra khandi' -- defeating all the false conclusions of different
scriptures; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhakti kare sara --
established the predominance of devotional service; sa-yuktika vakye --
by talks full of pleasing logic and arguments; mana phiraya -- turns the
minds; sabara -- of everyone.
TRANSLATION
When people came to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to discuss the principles of
various scriptures, the Lord defeated their false conclusions and
established the predominance of devotional service to the Lord. With
logic and argument He very politely changed their minds.
PURPORT
We have been spreading this sankirtana movement in the Western countries,
and in our recent tour of European cities like Rome, Geneva, Paris and
Frankfurt, many learned Christian scholars, priests, philosophers and
yogis came to see us, and by the grace of Krsna they agreed that the
Krsna consciousness movement, the bhakti cult, offers the topmost
conclusion. Following in the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we
are trying to convince everyone that the devotional service of the Lord
is enjoined in every scripture. If a person is religious, he must accept
the supreme authority of the Lord, become His devotee and try to love
Him. This is the real principle of religion. It does not matter whether
one is Christian, Muslim or whatever. He simply must accept the sublime
position of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and render service unto
Him. It is not a question of being Christian, Muslim or Hindu. One
should be purely religious and freed from all these material
designations. In this way one can learn the art of devotional service.
This argument appeals to all intelligent men, and consequently the Krsna
consciousness movement is gaining ground throughout the world. Due to
our solid logic and scientific presentation, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
prediction that Krsna consciousness will spread to every town and
village throughout the world is gradually being realized.
Madhya 25.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
upadesa lana kare krsna-sankirtana
sarva-loka hase, gaya, karaye nartana
SYNONYMS
upadesa lana -- getting instructions from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare -
- join; krsna-sankirtana -- the sankirtana movement; sarva-loka hase --
everyone began to laugh in pleasure; gaya -- chant; karaye nartana --
and dance.
TRANSLATION
As soon as people received instructions from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
they began to chant the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. Thus everyone laughed,
chanted and danced with the Lord.
Madhya 25.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
prabhure pranata haila sannyasira gana
atma-madhye gosthi kare chadi' adhyayana
SYNONYMS
prabhure -- unto Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; pranata haila -- offered
obeisances; sannyasira gana -- all the Mayavadi sannyasis; atma-madhye --
among themselves; gosthi kare -- discussed; chadi' adhyayana -- giving
up so-called studies of Vedanta.
TRANSLATION
All the Mayavadi sannyasis offered their obeisances unto Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and then began to discuss His movement, giving up their
studies of Vedanta and Mayavada philosophy.
Madhya 25.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
prakasanandera sisya eka tanhara samana
sabha-madhye kahe prabhura kariya sammana
SYNONYMS
prakasanandera sisya eka -- one of the disciples of Prakasananda
Sarasvati; tanhara samana -- equal in learning with Prakasananda
Sarasvati; sabha-madhye -- in the assembly of the sannyasis; kahe --
explains; prabhura kariya sammana -- respecting Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
seriously.
TRANSLATION
One of the disciples of Prakasananda Sarasvati, who was as learned as
his guru, began to speak in that assembly, offering all respects to Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
sri-krsna-caitanya haya ‘saksat narayana'
'vyasa-sutrera' artha karena ati-manorama
SYNONYMS
sri-krsna-caitanya -- Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu; haya -- is;
saksat narayana -- directly the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana;
vyasa-sutrera -- the aphorisms of Vyasadeva (Vedanta-sutra); artha
karena -- He explains; ati-manorama -- very nicely.
TRANSLATION
He said, "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Narayana Himself. When He explains the Vedanta-sutra, He does so very
nicely.
Madhya 25.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
upanisadera karena mukhyartha vyakhyana
suniya pandita-lokera judaya mana-kana
SYNONYMS
upanisadera -- of the Vedic version known as the Upanisads; karena -- He
does; mukhya-artha -- the original meaning; vyakhyana -- explanation;
suniya -- hearing; pandita-lokera -- of the learned scholars; judaya --
satisfies; mana-kana -- the minds and ears.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu explains the direct meaning of the Upanisads.
When all learned scholars hear this, their minds and ears are satisfied.
Madhya 25.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
sutra-upanisadera mukhyartha chadiya
acarya ‘kalpana' kare agraha kariya
SYNONYMS
sutra-upanisadera -- of the Vedanta-sutra and the Upanisads; mukhya-
artha -- the direct meaning; chadiya -- giving up; acarya --
Sankaracarya; kalpana -- imagination; kare -- does; agraha kariya --
with great eagerness.
TRANSLATION
"Giving up the direct meaning of the Vedanta-sutra and the Upanisads,
Sankaracarya imagines some other interpretation.
Madhya 25.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
acarya-kalpita artha ye pandita sune
mukhe ‘haya' ‘haya' kare, hrdaya na mane
SYNONYMS
acarya-kalpita -- imagined by Sankaracarya; artha -- meaning; ye pandita
sune -- any learned person who hears; mukhe -- only in the mouth; haya
haya -- yes it is, yes it is; kare -- does; hrdaya -- his heart; na mane
-- does not accept.
TRANSLATION
"All the interpretations of Sankaracarya are imaginary. Such imaginary
interpretations are verbally accepted by learned scholars, but they do
not appeal to the heart.
Madhya 25.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
sri-krsna-caitanya-vakya drdha satya mani
kali-kale sannyase ‘samsara' nahi jini
SYNONYMS
sri-krsna-caitanya-vakya -- the words of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; drdha -
- very firm and convincing; satya mani -- I admit as truth; kali-kale --
in this Age of Kali; sannyase -- simply by accepting the renounced order
of life; samsara nahi jini -- one cannot escape the material clutches.
TRANSLATION
"The words of Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu are firm and convincing, and
I accept them as true. In this Age of Kali, one cannot be delivered from
the material clutches simply by formally accepting the renounced order.
Madhya 25.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
harer nama-slokera yei karila vyakhyana
sei satya sukhadartha parama pramana
SYNONYMS
harer nama-slokera -- of the verse beginning harer nama harer nama; yei -
- whatever; karila -- made; vyakhyana -- the explanation; sei -- that;
satya -- true; sukha-da-artha -- a meaning that is pleasing to accept;
parama pramana -- the supreme evidence.
TRANSLATION
"Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's explanation of the verse beginning ‘harer
nama harer nama [Cc. Adi 17.21]' is not only pleasing to the ear but is
strong, factual evidence.
Madhya 25.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
bhakti vina mukti nahe, bhagavate kaya
kali-kale namabhase sukhe mukti haya
SYNONYMS
bhakti vina -- without devotional service; mukti nahe -- there is no
question of liberation; bhagavate kaya -- it is said in Srimad-
Bhagavatam; kali-kale -- in this Age of Kali; nama-abhase -- even by a
slight appreciation of the Hare Krsna mantra; sukhe -- without
difficulty; mukti haya -- one can get liberation.
TRANSLATION
"In this Age of Kali, one cannot attain liberation without taking to the
devotional service of the Lord. In this age, even if one chants the holy
name of Krsna imperfectly, he still attains liberation very easily.
Madhya 25.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
sreyah-srtim bhaktim udasya te vibho
klisyanti ye kevala-bodha-labdhaye
tesam asau klesala eva sisyate
nanyad yatha sthula-tusavaghatinam
SYNONYMS
sreyah-srtim -- the auspicious path of liberation; bhaktim -- devotional
service; udasya -- giving up; te -- of You; vibho -- O my Lord;
klisyanti -- accept increased difficulties; ye -- all those persons who;
kevala -- only; bodha-labdhaye -- for obtaining knowledge; tesam -- for
them; asau -- that; klesalah -- trouble; eva -- only; sisyate -- remains;
na -- not; anyat -- anything else; yatha -- as much as; sthula -- bulky;
tusa -- husks of rice; avaghatinam -- of those beating.
TRANSLATION
"‘My dear Lord, devotional service unto You is the only auspicious path.
If one gives it up simply for speculative knowledge or the understanding
that these living beings are spirit souls and the material world is
false, he undergoes a great deal of trouble. He only gains troublesome
and inauspicious activities. His actions are like beating a husk that is
already devoid of rice. His labor becomes fruitless.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.14.4).
Madhya 25.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
ye ‘nye ‘ravindaksa vimukta-maninas
tvayy asta-bhavad avisuddha-buddhayah
aruhya krcchrena param padam tatah
patanty adho ‘nadrta-yusmad-anghrayah
SYNONYMS
ye -- all those who; anye -- others (nondevotees); aravinda-aksa -- O
lotus-eyed one; vimukta-maninah -- who consider themselves liberated;
tvayi -- unto You; asta-bhavat -- without devotion; avisuddha-buddhayah -
- whose intelligence is not purified; aruhya -- having ascended;
krcchrena -- by severe austerities and penances; param padam -- to the
supreme position; tatah -- from there; patanti -- fall; adhah -- down;
anadrta -- without respecting; yusmat -- Your; anghrayah -- lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
"‘O lotus-eyed one, those who think they are liberated in this life but
who are devoid of devotional service to You are of impure intelligence.
Although they accept severe austerities and penances and rise to the
spiritual position, to impersonal Brahman realization, they fall down
again because they neglect to worship Your lotus feet.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.2.32).
Madhya 25.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
'brahma'-sabde kahe ‘sad-aisvarya-purna bhagavan'
tanre ‘nirvisesa' sthapi, ‘purnata' haya hana
SYNONYMS
brahma-sabde -- by the word brahma; kahe -- is meant; sat-aisvarya-purna
bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead, full in all six
opulences; tanre -- Him; nirvisesa sthapi -- if we make impersonal;
purnata haya hana -- His completeness becomes damaged.
TRANSLATION
"The word ‘Brahman' [‘the greatest'] indicates the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, full in all six opulences. But if we take the onesided
impersonalist view, His fullness is diminished.
PURPORT
The Supreme Personality of Godhead is originally the Supreme Person, and
He expands Himself impersonally through His potency. As the Lord says in
the Bhagavad-gita (9.4):
maya tatam idam sarvam jagad avyakta-murtina
mat-sthani sarva-bhutani na caham tesv avasthitah
"By Me, in My unmanifested form, this entire universe is pervaded. All
beings are in Me, but I am not in them." The potency of Krsna that is
spread everywhere is impersonal, just as the sunlight is the impersonal
expansion of the sun globe and the sun-god. If we simply take one side
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead -- His impersonal effulgence --
that one side does not fully explain the Absolute Truth. Impersonal
appreciation of the Absolute Truth is one-sided and incomplete. One
should also accept the other side, the personal side -- Bhagavan.
Brahmeti paramatmeti bhagavan iti sabdyate [SB 1.2.11]. One should not
be satisfied simply by understanding the Brahman feature of the
Personality of Godhead. One must also know the Lord's personal feature.
That is complete understanding of the Absolute Truth.
Madhya 25.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
sruti-purana kahe-krsnera cic-chakti-vilasa
taha nahi mani, pandita kare upahasa
SYNONYMS
sruti-purana kahe -- the Vedas, the Upanisads, the Brahma-sutra and the
Puranas confirm; krsnera -- of Lord Krsna; cit-sakti-vilasa --
activities of spiritual potencies; taha nahi mani -- not accepting that;
pandita kare upahasa -- so-called scholars play jokes without perfect
understanding.
TRANSLATION
"The Vedas, the Upanisads, the Brahma-sutra and the Puranas all describe
the activities of the spiritual potency of the Lord. If one cannot
accept the personal activities of the Lord, he jokes foolishly and gives
an impersonal description.
PURPORT
In the Vedic literatures, including the Puranas, there are full
descriptions of the spiritual potency of Krsna. All the pastimes of the
Lord are eternal, blissful and full of knowledge, just as the form of
Krsna Himself is eternal, blissful and full of knowledge (sac-cid-ananda-
vigraha [Bs. 5.1]). Unintelligent people with a poor fund of knowledge
compare their temporary bodies to the spiritual body of Krsna, and by
such foolishness they try to understand Krsna as one of them. Avajananti
mam mudha manusim tanum asritam. The Bhagavad-gita (9.11) points out
that foolish people think of Krsna as one of them. Not understanding His
spiritual potency, they simply decry the personal form of the Absolute
Truth, foolishly thinking of themselves as jnanis cognizant of the
complete truth. They cannot understand that just as the material energy
of the Lord has a variety of activities, the spiritual energy has
variety also. They consider activities in devotional service the same as
activities in material consciousness. Under such a wrong impression,
they sometimes dare joke about the spiritual activities of the Lord and
His devotional service.
Madhya 25.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
cid-ananda krsna-vigraha ‘mayika' kari' mani
ei bada ‘papa',-satya caitanyera vani
SYNONYMS
cit-ananda krsna-vigraha -- the transcendental form of Krsna, which is
completely spiritual; mayika kari' mani -- accept as made of the
external energy, maya; ei bada papa -- this is a great act of sin; satya
-- true; caitanyera vani -- the words of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
"The Mayavadis do not recognize the personal form of the Lord as
spiritual and full of bliss. This is a great sin. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's statements are actually factual.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's movement especially aims at defeating the
Mayavada conclusion about the Absolute Truth. Since the members of the
Mayavada school cannot understand the spiritual form of the Lord, they
incorrectly think the Lord's form is also made of material energy. They
think that He is covered by a material body just like other living
beings. Due to this offensive understanding, they cannot recognize that
Sri Krsna's personal form is transcendental, not material. Their
conclusion is a great offense at the lotus feet of the Lord. As
explained by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Sri Krsna has His eternal,
blissful form that is full of knowledge, and all Vaisnava acaryas accept
this. That is the proper understanding of the Absolute Truth.
Madhya 25.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
natah param parama yad bhavatah svarupam
ananda-matram avikalpam aviddha-varcah
pasyami visva-srjam ekam avisvam atman
bhutendriyatmakam adas ta upasrito ‘smi
SYNONYMS
na -- not; atah -- than this; param -- more supreme; parama -- O supreme
one; yat -- which; bhavatah -- of Your Lordship; svarupam -- the
personal form; ananda -- of transcendental bliss; matram -- only;
avikalpam -- where there is no creation; aviddha -- without
contamination; varcah -- having an effulgence; pasyami -- I see; visva-
srjam ekam -- who alone has created this universe; avisvam -- not
belonging to the destructible material world; atman -- O Supreme Soul;
bhuta-indriya-atmakam -- the original cause of the senses and the living
beings; adah -- transcendental; te -- unto You; upasritah asmi -- I take
full shelter.
TRANSLATION
"‘O supreme one, the transcendental form I am now seeing is full of
transcendental bliss. It is not contaminated by the external energy. It
is full of effulgence. My Lord, there is no better understanding of You
than this. You are the Supreme Soul and the creator of this material
world, but You are not connected with this material world. You are
completely different from created form and variety. I sincerely take
shelter of that form of Yours which I am now seeing. This form is the
original source of all living beings and their senses.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.9.3). This verse was
spoken by Lord Brahma, who perfectly realized the Supreme Personality of
Godhead after meditating upon the Lord within the water of the
Garbhodaka Ocean. Brahma realized that the form of the Lord is
completely spiritual. This is certainly a better understanding of the
Absolute Truth than the impersonal understanding.
Madhya 25.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
drstam srutam bhuta-bhavad-bhavisyat
sthasnus carisnur mahad alpakam va
vinacyutad vastu-taram na vacyam
sa eva sarvam paramatma-bhutah
SYNONYMS
drstam -- experienced by direct perception; srutam -- experienced by
hearing; bhuta -- past; bhavat -- present; bhavisyat -- which will be in
the future; sthasnuh -- immovable; carisnuh -- movable; mahat -- the
greatest; alpakam -- the smallest; va -- or; vina -- except; acyutat --
the infallible Personality of Godhead; vastu-taram -- anything else; na
vacyam -- not to be spoken; sah -- that Supreme Personality of Godhead;
eva -- certainly; sarvam -- everything; paramatma-bhutah -- the origin
of all causes.
TRANSLATION
"‘Lord Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the cause of
all causes. He is past, present and future, and He is the movable and
immovable. He is the greatest and the smallest, and He is visible and
directly experienced. He is celebrated in the Vedic literature.
Everything is Krsna, and without Him there is no existence. He is the
root of all understanding, and He is that which is understood by all
words.'
PURPORT
This verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.46.43) was spoken by Uddhava when
he came to pacify all the inhabitants of Vrndavana during Krsna's
absence.
Madhya 25.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
tad va idam bhuvana-mangala mangalaya
dhyane sma no darasitam ta upasakanam
tasmai namo bhagavate ‘nuvidhema tubhyam
yo ‘nadrto naraka-bhagbhir asat-prasangaih
SYNONYMS
tat -- that; va -- or; idam -- this; bhuvana-mangala -- O most
auspicious of the entire world; mangalaya -- for the benefit; dhyane --
in meditation; sma -- certainly; nah -- of us; darasitam -- manifested;
te -- by You; upasakanam -- of devotees engaged in devotional service;
tasmai -- unto Him; namah -- all obeisances; bhagavate -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; anuvidhema -- we offer obeisances, following in
the footsteps of the acaryas; tubhyam -- unto You; yah -- who is;
anadrtah -- not much appreciated; naraka-bhagbhih -- by persons who are
destined to go to a hellish condition of life; asat-prasangaih -- who
discuss the Supreme Personality of Godhead illogically.
TRANSLATION
"‘O most auspicious one! For our benefit, You enable our worship of You
by manifesting Your transcendental form, which You show to us in our
meditation. We offer our respectful obeisances unto You, the Supreme
Person, and we worship You, whom impersonalists do not accept due to
their poor fund of knowledge. Thus they are liable to descend into a
hellish condition.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.9.4).
Madhya 25.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
avajananti mam mudha
manusim tanum asritam
param bhavam ajananto
mama bhuta-mahesvaram
SYNONYMS
avajananti -- decry; mam -- Me; mudhah -- rascals; manusim -- just like
a human being; tanum -- a body; asritam -- accepted; param -- supreme;
bhavam -- position; ajanantah -- without knowing; mama -- My; bhuta-maha-
isvaram -- exalted position as the Supreme Person, creator of the
material world.
TRANSLATION
"‘Fools disrespect Me because I appear like a human being. They do not
know My supreme position as the cause of all causes, the creator of the
material energy.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Bhagavad-gita (9.11).
Madhya 25.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
tan aham dvisatah kruran
samsaresu naradhaman
ksipamy ajasram asubhan
asurisv eva yonisu
SYNONYMS
tan -- all of them; aham -- I; dvisatah -- those who are envious; kruran
-- always willing to do harm; samsaresu -- in this material world; nara-
adhaman -- the lowest of men; ksipami -- throw; ajasram -- again and
again; asubhan -- engaged in inauspicious acts; asurisu -- demoniac; eva
-- certainly; yonisu -- in families.
TRANSLATION
"‘Those who are envious of My form, who are cruel and mischievous and
the lowest among men, are perpetually cast by Me into hellish existence
in various demoniac species of life.'
PURPORT
This is also a quotation from the Bhagavad-gita (16.19).
Madhya 25.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
sutrera parinama-vada, taha na maniya
'vivarta-vada' sthape, ‘vyasa bhranta' baliya
SYNONYMS
sutrera -- of the aphorisms of the Vedanta-sutra; parinama-vada -- the
transformation of energy; taha na maniya -- not accepting this fact;
vivarta-vada -- the theory of illusion; sthape -- establishes; vyasa
bhranta baliya -- accusing Vyasadeva of being mistaken.
TRANSLATION
"Not accepting the transformation of energy, Sripada Sankaracarya has
tried to establish the theory of illusion under the plea that Vyasadeva
has made a mistake.
PURPORT
For an explanation of this verse, one may refer to Adi-lila, Chapter
Seven, verses 121–126.
Madhya 25.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
ei ta' kalpita artha mane nahi bhaya
sastra chadi' kukalpana pasande bujhaya
SYNONYMS
ei ta' -- this; kalpita -- imaginary; artha -- meaning; mane -- to the
mind; nahi -- does not; bhaya -- appeal; sastra -- the authoritative
scriptures; chadi' -- giving up; ku-kalpana -- mischievous imagination;
pasande -- to the atheistic class of men; bujhaya -- teaches.
TRANSLATION
"Sripada Sankaracarya has given his interpretation and imaginary meaning.
It does not actually appeal to the mind of any sane man. He has done
this to convince the atheists and bring them under his control.
PURPORT
Sripada Sankaracarya's propaganda opposed the atheistic philosophy of
Buddha. Lord Buddha's intention was to stop atheists from committing the
sin of killing animals. Atheists cannot understand God; therefore Lord
Buddha appeared and spread the philosophy of nonviolence to keep the
atheists from killing animals. Unless one is free from the sin of animal-
killing, he cannot understand religion or God. Although Lord Buddha was
an incarnation of Krsna, he did not speak about God, for the people were
unable to understand. He simply wanted to stop animal-killing. Sripada
Sankaracarya wanted to establish the predominance of one's spiritual
identity; therefore he wanted to convert the atheists through an
imaginary interpretation of the Vedic literatures. These are the secrets
of the acaryas. Sometimes they conceal the real purport of the Vedas and
explain the Vedas in a different way. Sometimes they enunciate a
different theory just to bring the atheists under their control. Thus it
is said that Sankara's philosophy is for pasandas, atheists.
Madhya 25.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
paramartha-vicara gela, kari matra ‘vada'
kahan mukti paba, kahan krsnera prasada
SYNONYMS
parama-artha-vicara -- discussion on spiritual matters; gela -- has gone;
kari -- we do; matra vada -- only argument and word jugglery; kahan --
where; mukti -- liberation; paba -- we shall get; kahan -- where;
krsnera prasada -- the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Krsna.
TRANSLATION
"The atheists, headed by the Mayavadi philosophers, do not care for
liberation or Krsna's mercy. They simply continue to put forward false
arguments and countertheories to atheistic philosophy, not considering
or engaging in spiritual matters.
Madhya 25.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
vyasa-sutrera artha acarya kariyache acchadana
ei haya satya sri-krsna-caitanya-vacana
SYNONYMS
vyasa-sutrera -- of the aphorisms of the Vedanta known as Vyasa-sutra;
artha -- the meanings; acarya -- Sankaracarya; kariyache acchadana --
has purposely covered; ei -- this; haya -- is; satya -- the truth; sri-
krsna-caitanya-vacana -- the words and explanation given by Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
"The conclusion is that the import of the Vedanta-sutra is covered by
the imaginary explanation of Sankaracarya. Whatever Sri Krsna Caitanya
Mahaprabhu has said is perfectly true.
Madhya 25.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
caitanya-gosani yei kahe, sei mata sara
ara yata mata, sei saba charakhara"
SYNONYMS
caitanya-gosani -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yei kahe -- whatever He has
said; sei mata sara -- that explanation is actually the essence of Vedic
knowledge; ara yata mata -- any other opinion not in collaboration with
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's statement; sei -- these; saba charakhara --
all distortions.
TRANSLATION
"Whatever meaning Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu gives is perfect. Any other
interpretation is only a distortion."
Madhya 25.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
eta kahi' sei kare krsna-sankirtana
suni' prakasananda kichu kahena vacana
SYNONYMS
eta kahi' -- speaking so much; sei -- the disciple of Prakasananda
Sarasvati; kare -- performed; krsna-sankirtana -- the chanting of the
holy name of Krsna; suni' -- hearing; prakasananda -- the guru,
Prakasananda Sarasvati; kichu -- something; kahena -- says; vacana --
words.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, the disciple of Prakasananda Sarasvati began to chant
the holy name of Krsna. Hearing this, Prakasananda Sarasvati made the
following statement.
Madhya 25.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
"acaryera agraha-‘advaita-vada' sthapite
tate sutrartha vyakhya kare anya rite
SYNONYMS
acaryera -- of Sankaracarya; agraha -- the eagerness; advaita-vada --
monism; sthapite -- to establish; tate -- for that reason; sutra-artha --
the meaning of the Brahma-sutra, or Vedanta philosophy; vyakhya --
explanation; kare -- does; anya rite -- in a different way.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati said, "Sankaracarya was very eager to establish
the philosophy of monism. Therefore he explained the Vedanta-sutra, or
Vedanta philosophy, in a different way to support monistic philosophy.
Madhya 25.48
TEXT 48
TEXT
'bhagavatta' manile ‘advaita' na yaya sthapana
ataeva saba sastra karaye khandana
SYNONYMS
bhagavatta -- the Personality of Godhead; manile -- if one accepts;
advaita -- monism or nondualism; na -- not; yaya -- is possible;
sthapana -- establishing; ataeva -- therefore; saba -- all; sastra --
revealed scriptures; karaye -- does; khandana -- refutation.
TRANSLATION
"If one accepts the Personality of Godhead, the philosophy that
maintains that God and the living entity are one cannot be established.
Therefore Sankaracarya argued against and refuted all kinds of revealed
scriptures.
Madhya 25.49
TEXT 49
TEXT
yei grantha-karta cahe sva-mata sthapite
sastrera sahaja artha nahe tanha haite
SYNONYMS
yei -- anyone who; grantha-karta -- author; cahe -- wants; sva-mata
sthapite -- to establish his own opinion; sastrera -- of the revealed
scriptures; sahaja -- the direct; artha -- meaning; nahe -- is not;
tanha haite -- from such an author.
TRANSLATION
"Anyone who wants to establish his own opinion or philosophy certainly
cannot explain any scripture according to the principle of direct
interpretation.
Madhya 25.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
'mimamsaka' kahe, -- 'isvara haya karmera anga'
'sankhya' kahe, -- 'jagatera prakrti karana-prasanga'
SYNONYMS
mimamsaka -- the Mimamsaka philosophers; kahe -- say; isvara -- the
Supreme Lord; haya -- is; karmera anga -- subject to fruitive activities;
sankhya kahe -- the atheistic Sankhya philosophers say; jagatera -- of
the cosmic manifestation; prakrti -- nature; karana -- the cause;
prasanga -- thesis.
TRANSLATION
"The Mimamsaka philosophers conclude that if there is a God, He is
subject to our fruitive activities. Similarly, the Sankhya philosophers,
who analyze the cosmic manifestation, say that the cause of the cosmos
is material nature.
Madhya 25.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
'nyaya' kahe, -- 'paramanu haite visva haya'
'mayavadi' nirvisesa-brahme ‘hetu' kaya
SYNONYMS
nyaya kahe -- the philosophers following logic say; paramanu -- the atom;
haite -- from; visva haya -- the cosmic manifestation has come;
mayavadi -- the Mayavadi philosophers, impersonalists; nirvisesa-brahme -
- in the impersonal Brahman effulgence; hetu -- the cause; kaya -- say.
TRANSLATION
"The followers of nyaya, the philosophy of logic, maintain that the atom
is the cause of the cosmic manifestation, and the Mayavadi philosophers
maintain that the impersonal Brahman effulgence is the cause of the
cosmic manifestation.
Madhya 25.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
'patanjala' kahe, -- 'isvara haya svarupa-jnana'
veda-mate kahe tanre ‘svayam-bhagavan'
SYNONYMS
patanjala kahe -- the Patanjala philosophers say; isvara haya -- the
Supreme Lord is; svarupa-jnana -- self-realization; veda-mate -- in the
Vedic version; kahe -- they say; tanre -- to Him; svayam-bhagavan -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"The Patanjala philosophers say that when one is self-realized, he
understands the Lord. Similarly, according to the Vedas and Vedic
principles, the original cause is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Madhya 25.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
chayera chaya mata vyasa kaila avartana
sei saba sutra lana ‘vedanta'-varnana
SYNONYMS
chayera -- of the six philosophers; chaya mata -- six different theses;
vyasa -- Vyasadeva; kaila avartana -- analyzed fully; sei -- that; saba -
- all; sutra -- the aphorisms; lana -- taking; vedanta-varnana --
explaining the Vedanta philosophy.
TRANSLATION
"After studying the six philosophical theses, Vyasadeva completely
summarized them all in the aphorisms of Vedanta philosophy.
Madhya 25.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
'vedanta'-mate,-brahma ‘sakara' nirupana
'nirguna' vyatireke tinho haya ta' ‘saguna'
SYNONYMS
vedanta-mate -- according to Vedanta philosophy; brahma -- the Absolute
Truth; sa-akara nirupana -- established as the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, a person; nirguna -- without material qualifications; vyatireke
-- by indirect explanations; tinho -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead;
haya -- is; ta' -- indeed; sa-guna -- fully qualified with spiritual
attributes.
TRANSLATION
"According to Vedanta philosophy, the Absolute Truth is a person. When
the word ‘nirguna' [‘without qualities'] is used, it is to be understood
that the Lord has attributes that are totally spiritual.
Madhya 25.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
parama karana isvara keha nahi mane
sva-sva-mata sthape para-matera khandane
SYNONYMS
parama karana -- the supreme cause, the cause of all causes; isvara --
the Supreme Lord; keha nahi mane -- none of the above-mentioned
philosophers accept; sva-sva-mata -- their own personal opinions; sthape
-- they establish; para-matera khandane -- busy in refuting the opinions
of others.
TRANSLATION
"Of the philosophers mentioned, none really cares for the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, the cause of all causes. They are always busy
refuting the philosophical theories of others and establishing their own.
Madhya 25.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
tate chaya darsana haite ‘tattva' nahi jani
'mahajana' yei kahe, sei ‘satya' mani
SYNONYMS
tate -- therefore; chaya darsana haite -- from the six philosophical
principles; tattva nahi jani -- we cannot understand the actual truth;
mahajana -- the great authorities; yei kahe -- whatever they say; sei --
that; satya mani -- we can accept as truth.
TRANSLATION
"By studying the six philosophical theories, one cannot reach the
Absolute Truth. It is therefore our duty to follow the path of the
mahajanas, the authorities. Whatever they say should be accepted as the
supreme truth.
PURPORT
In his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura gives the
following summary of the six philosophical processes. Prakasananda
admitted that Sripada Sankaracarya, being very eager to establish his
philosophy of monism, took shelter of the Vedanta philosophy and tried
to explain it in his own way. The fact is, however, that if one accepts
the existence of God, one certainly cannot establish the theory of
monism. For this reason Sankaracarya refuted all kinds of Vedic
literature that establishes the supremacy of the Personality of Godhead.
In various ways, Sankaracarya has tried to refute the Vedic literature.
Throughout the world, ninety-nine percent of the philosophers following
in the footsteps of Sankaracarya refuse to accept the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Instead they try to establish their own opinions.
It is typical of mundane philosophers to want to establish their own
opinions and refute those of others. Therefore: (1) The Mimamsaka
philosophers, following the principles of Jaimini, stress fruitive
activity and say that if there is a God, He must be under the laws of
fruitive activity. In other words, if one performs his duties very
nicely in the material world, God is obliged to give one the desired
result. According to these philosophers, there is no need to become a
devotee of God. If one strictly follows moral principles, one will be
recognized by the Lord, who will give the desired reward. Such
philosophers do not accept the Vedic principle of bhakti-yoga. Instead,
they give stress to following one's prescribed duty. (2) Atheistic
Sankhya philosophers like Kapila analyze the material elements very
scrutinizingly and thereby come to the conclusion that material nature
is the cause of everything. They do not accept the Supreme Personality
of Godhead as the cause of all causes. (3) Nyaya philosophers like
Gautama and Kanada have accepted a combination of atoms as the original
cause of the creation. (4) Mayavadi philosophers say that everything is
an illusion. Headed by philosophers like Astavakra, they stress the
impersonal Brahman effulgence as the cause of everything. (5)
Philosophers following the precepts of Patanjali practice raja-yoga.
They imagine a form of the Absolute Truth within many forms. That is
their process of self-realization.
All five of these philosophies completely reject the predominance of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and strive to establish their own
philosophical theories. However, Srila Vyasadeva wrote the Vedanta-sutra
and, taking the essence of all Vedic literature, established the
supremacy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. All five kinds of
philosophers mentioned above understand that impersonal Brahman is
without material qualities, and they believe that when the Personality
of Godhead appears, He is contaminated and covered by the material
qualities. The technical term used is saguna. They speak of saguna
Brahman and nirguna Brahman. For them, nirguna Brahman means "the
impersonal Absolute Truth without any material qualities" and saguna
Brahman means "the Absolute Truth that accepts the contamination of
material qualities." More or less, this kind of philosophical
speculation is called Mayavada philosophy. The fact is, however, that
the Absolute Truth never has anything to do with material qualities
because He is transcendental. He is always complete with full spiritual
qualities. The five philosophers mentioned above do not accept Lord
Visnu as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but they are very busy
refuting the philosophies of other schools. There are six kinds of
philosophical processes in India. Because Vyasadeva is the Vedic
authority, he is known as Vedavyasa. His philosophical explanation of
the Vedanta-sutra is accepted by the devotees. As Krsna confirms in the
Bhagavad-gita (15.15):
sarvasya caham hrdi sannivisto
mattah smrtir jnanam apohanam ca
vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyo
vedanta-krd veda-vid eva caham
"I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance,
knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known; indeed,
I am the compiler of Vedanta, and I am the knower of the Vedas."
The ultimate goal of studying all Vedic literature is the acceptance of
Krsna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Krsna consciousness
movement is propagating the philosophical conclusion of Srila Vyasadeva
and following other great acaryas like Ramanujacarya, Madhvacarya, Visnu
Svami, Nimbarka and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu Himself.
Madhya 25.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
tarko pratisthah srutayo vibhinna
nasav rsir yasya matam na bhinnam
dharmasya tattvam nihitam guhayam
mahajano yena gatah sa panthah
SYNONYMS
tarkah -- dry argument; apratisthah -- not fixed; srutayah -- the Vedas;
vibhinnah -- possessing different departments; na -- not; asau -- that;
rsih -- great sage; yasya -- whose; matam -- opinion; na -- not; bhinnam
-- separate; dharmasya -- of religious principles; tattvam -- truth;
nihitam -- placed; guhayam -- in the heart of a realized person; maha-
janah -- self-realized predecessors; yena -- by which way; gatah --
acted; sah -- that; panthah -- the pure, unadulterated path.
TRANSLATION
"‘Dry arguments are inconclusive. A great personality whose opinion does
not differ from others is not considered a great sage. Simply by
studying the Vedas, which are variegated, one cannot come to the right
path by which religious principles are understood. The solid truth of
religious principles is hidden in the heart of an unadulterated, self-
realized person. Consequently, as the sastras confirm, one should accept
whatever progressive path the mahajanas advocate.'
PURPORT
This is a verse spoken by Yudhisthira Maharaja in the Mahabharata, Vana-
parva 313.117.
Madhya 25.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
sri-krsna-caitanya-vani-amrtera dhara
tinho ye kahaye vastu, sei ‘tattva'-sara"
SYNONYMS
sri-krsna-caitanya-vani -- the message of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
amrtera dhara -- a continuous shower of nectar; tinho -- the Lord; ye
kahaye vastu -- whatever He says to be the ultimate truth, the summum
bonum; sei tattva sara -- that is the essence of all spiritual knowledge.
TRANSLATION
"The words of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are a shower of nectar. Whatever
He concludes to be the ultimate truth is indeed the summum bonum of all
spiritual knowledge."
Madhya 25.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
e saba vrttanta suni' maharastriya brahmana
prabhure kahite sukhe karila gamana
SYNONYMS
e saba vrttanta -- all these descriptions; suni' -- hearing;
maharastriya brahmana -- the Maharashtriyan brahmana; prabhure -- Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahite -- to inform; sukhe -- very happily;
karila gamana -- went.
TRANSLATION
After hearing all these statements, the Maharashtriyan brahmana very
jubilantly went to inform Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
hena-kale mahaprabhu panca-nade snana kari'
dekhite caliyachena ‘bindu-madhava hari'
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; panca-
nade snana kari' -- taking His bath in the Ganges, called the Panca-nada;
dekhite caliyachena -- was going to see; bindu-madhava hari -- the
Deity known as Lord Bindu Madhava.
TRANSLATION
When the Maharashtriyan brahmana went to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the
Lord was going to the temple of Bindu Madhava after bathing in the
waters of the Panca-nada.
Madhya 25.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
pathe sei vipra saba vrttanta kahila
suni' mahaprabhu sukhe isat hasila
SYNONYMS
pathe -- on the way; sei vipra -- that brahmana; saba vrttanta kahila --
explained the whole incident; suni' -- hearing; mahaprabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sukhe -- in happiness; isat -- mildly; hasila --
smiled.
TRANSLATION
While the Lord was on His way, the Maharashtriyan brahmana informed Him
about the incident that took place in the camp of Prakasananda Sarasvati.
Hearing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu smiled happily.
Madhya 25.62
TEXT 62
TEXT
madhava-saundarya dekhi' avista ha-ila
anganete asi' preme nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
madhava-saundarya dekhi' -- after seeing the beauty of Lord Bindu
Madhava; avista ha-ila -- became ecstatic in love; anganete asi' --
coming to the courtyard; preme -- in great love; nacite lagila -- began
to dance.
TRANSLATION
Upon reaching the temple of Bindu Madhava, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
seeing the beauty of Lord Bindu Madhava, became overwhelmed in ecstatic
love. He then began to dance in the courtyard of the temple.
Madhya 25.63
TEXT 63
TEXT
sekhara, paramananda, tapana, sanatana
cari-jana mili' kare nama-sankirtana
SYNONYMS
sekhara -- Candrasekhara; paramananda -- Paramananda Puri; tapana --
Tapana Misra; sanatana -- Sanatana Gosvami; cari-jana mili' -- all four
of them; kare -- perform; nama-sankirtana -- chanting of the Hare Krsna
mantra.
TRANSLATION
There were four people accompanying Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and these
were Candrasekhara, Paramananda Puri, Tapana Misra and Sanatana
Gosvami. They were all chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra in the
following way.
Madhya 25.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
"haraye namah krsna yadavaya namah
gopala govinda rama sri-madhusudana"
SYNONYMS
haraye -- unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead; namah -- obeisances;
krsna -- Lord Krsna; yadavaya -- to the descendant of the Yadu family;
namah -- obeisances; gopala -- Gopala; govinda -- Govinda; rama -- Rama;
sri-madhusudana -- Sri Madhusudana.
TRANSLATION
They chanted, "Haraye namah krsna yadavaya namah, gopala govinda rama
sri-madhusudana."
PURPORT
This is another way of chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. The meaning
is as follows: "I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Krsna. He is the descendant of the Yadu family.
Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Gopala, Govinda, Rama and Sri
Madhusudana."
Madhya 25.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
caudikete laksa loka bale ‘hari' ‘hari'
uthila mangala-dhvani svarga-martya bhari'
SYNONYMS
cau-dikete -- all around; laksa -- hundreds of thousands; loka -- people;
bale -- chant; hari hari -- O Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari;
uthila -- there arose; mangala-dhvani -- an auspicious sound; svarga-
martya bhari' -- overwhelming all the universe.
TRANSLATION
In all directions, hundreds of thousands of people began to chant, "Hari!
Hari!" Thus there arose a tumultuous and auspicious sound filling the
entire universe.
Madhya 25.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
nikate hari-dhvani suni' parakasananda
dekhite kautuke aila lana sisya-vrnda
SYNONYMS
nikate -- nearby; hari-dhvani suni' -- after hearing the chanting of the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra; parakasananda -- Prakasananda Sarasvati; dekhite
-- to see; kautuke -- in great eagerness; aila -- came; lana -- taking;
sisya-vrnda -- all the disciples.
TRANSLATION
When Prakasananda Sarasvati, who was staying nearby, heard this
tumultuous chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, he and his disciples
immediately came to see the Lord.
Madhya 25.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
dekhiya prabhura nrtya, prema, dehera madhuri
sisya-gana-sange sei bale ‘hari' ‘hari'
SYNONYMS
dekhiya -- seeing; prabhura nrtya -- the dancing of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; prema -- ecstatic love; dehera madhuri -- the transcendental
beauty of His body; sisya-gana-sange -- with his disciples; sei --
Prakasananda Sarasvati; bale -- chants; hari hari -- Lord Hari's name.
TRANSLATION
When Prakasananda Sarasvati saw the Lord, he and his disciples also
joined the chanting with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Prakasananda Sarasvati
was charmed by the Lord's dancing and ecstatic love and by the
transcendental beauty of His body.
Madhya 25.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
kampa, svara-bhanga, sveda, vaivarnya, stambha
asru-dharaya bhije loka, pulaka-kadamba
SYNONYMS
kampa -- trembling; svara-bhanga -- faltering voice; sveda --
perspiration; vaivarnya -- fading of bodily color; stambha -- becoming
stunned; asru-dharaya -- with showers of tears from the eyes; bhije --
wet; loka -- all the people; pulaka-kadamba -- eruptions on the body
like kadamba flowers.
TRANSLATION
Ecstatic spiritual transformations began to take place in the Lord's
body. His body trembled, and His voice faltered. He perspired, turned
pale and wept a constant flow of tears, which wet all the people
standing there. The eruptions on the Lord's body appeared like kadamba
flowers.
Madhya 25.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
harsa, dainya, capalyadi ‘sancari' vikara
dekhi' kasi-vasi lokera haila camatkara
SYNONYMS
harsa -- jubilation; dainya -- humility; capalya-adi -- talking in
ecstasy and so on; sancari vikara -- the transient transformations;
dekhi' -- seeing; kasi-vasi -- the inhabitants of Benares; lokera -- of
all the people; haila camatkara -- there was astonishment.
TRANSLATION
All the people were astonished to see the Lord's jubilation and humility
and to hear Him talk in ecstasy. Indeed, all the residents of Benares [
Kasi] saw the bodily transformations and were astonished.
Madhya 25.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
loka-sanghatta dekhi' prabhura ‘bahya' yabe haila
sannyasira gana dekhi' nrtya samvarila
SYNONYMS
loka-sanghatta dekhi' -- by seeing the great crowd of people; prabhura --
of Lord Caitanya; bahya -- external consciousness; yabe haila -- when
there was; sannyasira gana -- the groups of Mayavadi sannyasis, headed
by Prakasananda Sarasvati; dekhi' -- seeing; nrtya samvarila --
suspended His dancing.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu regained His external consciousness, He saw
that many Mayavadi sannyasis and other people were gathered there. He
therefore suspended His dancing for the time being.
Madhya 25.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
prakasanandera prabhu vandila carana
prakasananda asi' tanra dharila carana
SYNONYMS
prakasanandera -- of Prakasananda Sarasvati; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; vandila -- prayed; carana -- at the feet; prakasananda --
Prakasananda Sarasvati; asi' -- coming; tanra -- His; dharila carana --
immediately caught the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
After stopping the kirtana, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is a great
example of humility, offered prayers unto the feet of Prakasananda
Sarasvati. At this, Prakasananda Sarasvati immediately came forward and
clasped the Lord's lotus feet.
Madhya 25.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- 'tumi jagad-guru pujyatama
ami tomara na ha-i ‘sisyera sisya' sama
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued to speak; tumi -- you;
jagat-guru -- the spiritual master of the whole world; pujya-tama -- the
most worshipable; ami -- I; tomara -- your; na ha-i -- am not; sisyera
sisya sama -- equal to the disciple of the disciple.
TRANSLATION
When Prakasananda Sarasvati caught hold of the Lord's lotus feet, the
Lord said, "My dear sir, you are the spiritual master of the whole world;
therefore you are most worshipable. As far as I am concerned, I am not
even on the level of the disciple of your disciple."
PURPORT
Mayavadi sannyasis generally call themselves jagad-guru, the spiritual
master of the whole world. Many consider themselves worshipable by
everyone, although they do not even go outside India or their own
district. Out of His great magnanimity and humility, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu presented Himself as a subordinate disciple of Prakasananda
Sarasvati.
Madhya 25.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
srestha hana kene kara hinera vandana
amara sarva-nasa haya, tumi brahma-sama
SYNONYMS
srestha hana -- being a more honorable person; kene -- why; kara -- you
do; hinera -- of an inferior person; vandana -- worship; amara sarva-
nasa haya -- I become minimized in My strength; tumi brahma-sama -- you
are equal with the impersonal Brahman.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "You are a great, spiritually
advanced personality, and therefore you cannot worship a person like Me.
I am far inferior. If you do so, My spiritual power will be diminished,
for you are as good as the impersonal Brahman.
Madhya 25.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
yadyapi tomare saba brahma-sama bhase
loka-siksa lagi' aiche karite na aise'
SYNONYMS
yadyapi -- although; tomare -- for you; saba -- everyone; brahma-sama --
equal to the impersonal Brahman; bhase -- appears; loka-siksa lagi' --
for the enlightenment of people in general; aiche -- in such a way;
karite na aise -- you should not present yourself.
TRANSLATION
"My dear sir, for you everyone is on the level of impersonal Brahman,
but for the enlightenment of people in general you should not behave in
that way."
Madhya 25.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
tenho kahe, ‘tomara purve ninda-aparadha ye karila
tomara carana-sparse, saba ksaya gela
SYNONYMS
tenho kahe -- he replied; tomara -- of You; purve -- formerly; ninda-
aparadha -- offenses and blasphemy; ye karila -- whatever I have done;
tomara carana-sparse -- by touching Your lotus feet; saba ksaya gela --
the effects of all those offenses have been destroyed.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati replied, "Formerly I committed many offenses
against You by blaspheming You, but now the effects of my offenses are
counteracted by my touching Your lotus feet.
Madhya 25.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
jivan-mukta api punar
yanti samsara-vasanam
yady acintya-maha-saktau
bhagavaty aparadhinah
SYNONYMS
jivat-muktah -- persons liberated during this life; api -- also; punah --
again; yanti -- go; samsara-vasanam -- to desire material enjoyment;
yadi -- if; acintya-maha-saktau -- to the possessor of inconceivable
spiritual potency; bhagavati -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead;
aparadhinah -- offenders.
TRANSLATION
"‘If a person considered liberated in this life commits offenses against
the reservoir of inconceivable potencies, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, he will again fall down and desire the material atmosphere for
material enjoyment.'
Madhya 25.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
sa vai bhagavatah srimat-
pada-sparsa-hatasubhah
bheje sarpa-vapur hitva
rupam vidyadhararcitam
SYNONYMS
sah -- he (the serpent); vai -- indeed; bhagavatah -- of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Krsna; srimat-pada-sparsa -- by the touch of the
lotus feet; hata-asubhah -- relieved from all reactions of sinful life;
bheje -- achieved; sarpa-vapuh -- the body of a snake; hitva -- giving
up; rupam -- beauty; vidyadhara-arcitam -- suitable for a person of
Vidyadhara-loka.
TRANSLATION
"‘Being touched by the lotus feet of Sri Krsna, that serpent was
immediately freed from the reactions of his sinful life. Thus the
serpent gave up his body and assumed the body of a beautiful Vidyadhara
demigod.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.34.9). The inhabitants of
Vrndavana, under the leadership of Nanda Maharaja, once went to the bank
of the Sarasvati on a pilgrimage. Nanda Maharaja was fasting, and he lay
down near the forest. At that time a serpent, who was formerly cursed by
Angirasa Rsi, appeared. This serpent had formerly been named Sudarsana,
and he had belonged to the Gandharvaloka planet. However, because he
joked with the rsi, he was condemned to take on the body of a big snake.
When this serpent attacked Nanda Maharaja, Nanda Maharaja began to call,
"Krsna! Help!" Krsna immediately appeared and began to kick the serpent
with His lotus feet. Due to being touched by the Lord's lotus feet, the
serpent was immediately freed from the reactions of his sinful life.
Being freed, he again assumed his original form of Sudarsana, the
Gandharva.
Madhya 25.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- 'visnu' ‘visnu', ami ksudra jiva hina
jive ‘visnu' mani-ei aparadha-cihna
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; visnu visnu -- the
holy name of Visnu; ami -- I; ksudra -- infinitesimal; jiva -- a living
entity; hina -- bereft of all good qualities; jive -- such a low-grade
living entity; visnu mani -- accepting as Lord Visnu or the Personality
of Godhead; ei aparadha-cihna -- this is a great offense.
TRANSLATION
When Prakasananda Sarasvati supported himself by quoting the verse from
Srimad-Bhagavatam, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu immediately protested by
uttering the holy name of Lord Visnu. The Lord then presented Himself as
a most fallen living entity, and He said, "If someone accepts a fallen
conditioned soul as Visnu, Bhagavan, or an incarnation, he commits a
great offense."
PURPORT
Although Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was Visnu, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, to teach us a lesson He nonetheless denied belonging to the
Visnu category. Unfortunately, there are many so-called Visnu
incarnations in this Age of Kali. People do not know that posing oneself
as an incarnation is most offensive. People should not accept an
ordinary man as an incarnation of God, for this also is a very great
offense.
Madhya 25.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
jive ‘visnu' buddhi dure-yei brahma-rudra-sama
narayane mane tare ‘pasandite' ganana
SYNONYMS
jive -- an ordinary living being; visnu -- as Lord Visnu; buddhi --
acceptance; dure -- let alone; yei -- anyone who; brahma-rudra-sama --
equal to personalities like Lord Brahma and Lord Siva; narayane -- Lord
Narayana, Visnu; mane -- accepts; tare -- such a person; pasandite
ganana -- is grouped among the pasandis, atheistic offenders.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "To say nothing of ordinary living
entities, even Lord Brahma and Lord Siva cannot be considered on the
level of Visnu or Narayana. If one considers them as such, he is
immediately considered an offender and atheist.
Madhya 25.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
yas tu narayanam devam
brahma-rudradi-daivataih
samatvenaiva vikseta
sa pasandi bhaved dhruvam"
SYNONYMS
yah -- any person who; tu -- however; narayanam -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, the master of such demigods as Brahma and Siva;
devam -- the Lord; brahma -- Lord Brahma; rudra -- Lord Siva; adi -- and
others; daivataih -- with such demigods; samatvena -- on an equal level;
eva -- certainly; vikseta -- observes; sah -- such a person; pasandi-
pasandi; bhavet -- must be; dhruvam -- certainly.
TRANSLATION
"‘A person who considers demigods like Brahma and Siva to be on an equal
level with Narayana is to be considered an offender, a pasandi.'"
Madhya 25.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
prakasananda kahe, -- "tumi saksat bhagavan
tabu yadi kara tanra ‘dasa'-abhimana
SYNONYMS
prakasananda kahe -- Prakasananda Sarasvati replied; tumi-You; saksat --
directly; bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna; tabu --
yet; yadi -- if; kara -- You pose; tanra dasa-abhimana -- considering
Yourself His servant.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda replied, "You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna
Himself. Nonetheless, You are considering Yourself His eternal servant.
Madhya 25.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
tabu pujya hao, tumi bada ama haite
sarva-nasa haya mora tomara nindate
SYNONYMS
tabu -- still; pujya hao -- You are worshipable; tumi bada -- You are
much greater; ama haite -- than me; sarva-nasa haya -- everything
becomes lost; mora -- my; tomara nindate -- by blaspheming You.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, You are the Supreme Lord, and although You consider
Yourself the Lord's servant, You are nonetheless worshipable. You are
much greater than I am; therefore all my spiritual achievements have
been lost because I have blasphemed You.
Madhya 25.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
muktanam api siddhanam
narayana-parayanah
su-durlabhah prasantatma
kotisv api maha-mune
SYNONYMS
muktanam -- of persons liberated or freed from the bondage of ignorance;
api -- even; siddhanam -- of persons who have achieved perfection;
narayana -- of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; parayanah -- the
devotee; su-durlabhah -- very rare; prasanta-atma -- completely
satisfied, desireless; kotisu -- among many millions; api -- certainly;
maha-mune -- O great sage.
TRANSLATION
"‘O great sage, out of many millions of materially liberated people who
are free from ignorance, and out of many millions of siddhas who have
nearly attained perfection, there is hardly one pure devotee of Narayana.
Only such a devotee is actually completely satisfied and peaceful.'
PURPORT
This verse is quoted from Srimad-Bhagavatam (6.14.5).
Madhya 25.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
ayuh sriyam yaso dharmam
lokan asisa eva ca
hanti sreyamsi sarvani
pumso mahad-atikramah
SYNONYMS
ayuh -- duration of life; sriyam -- opulence; yasah -- reputation;
dharmam -- religion; lokan -- possessions; asisah -- benedictions; eva --
certainly; ca -- and; hanti -- destroys; sreyamsi -- good fortune;
sarvani -- all; pumsah -- of a person; mahat -- of great souls;
atikramah -- violation.
TRANSLATION
"‘When a person mistreats great souls, his life span, opulence,
reputation, religion, possessions and good fortune are all destroyed.'
PURPORT
This statement (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.4.46) was made by Sukadeva Gosvami
to Maharaja Pariksit.
Madhya 25.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
naisam matis tavad urukramanghrim
sprsaty anarthapagamo yad-arthah
mahiyasam pada-rajo-‘bhisekam
niskincananam na vrnita yavat
SYNONYMS
na -- not; esam -- of those who are attached to household life; matih --
the interest; tavat -- that long; urukrama-anghrim -- the lotus feet of
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is credited with uncommon
activities; sprsati -- touches; anartha -- of unwanted things; apagamah -
- vanquishing; yat -- of which; arthah -- results; mahiyasam -- of the
great personalities, devotees; pada-rajah -- of the dust of the lotus
feet; abhisekam -- sprinkling on the head; niskincananam -- who are
completely detached from material possessions; na vrnita -- does not do;
yavat -- as long as.
TRANSLATION
"‘Unless human society accepts the dust of the lotus feet of great
mahatmas -- devotees who have nothing to do with material possessions --
mankind cannot turn its attention to the lotus feet of Krsna. Those
lotus feet vanquish all the unwanted, miserable conditions of material
life.'
PURPORT
This verse appears in the Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.5.32). For an explanation,
see Madhya-lila 22.53.
Madhya 25.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
ebe tomara padabje upajibe bhakti
tathi lagi' kari tomara carane pranati"
SYNONYMS
ebe -- now; tomara -- Your; pada-abje -- to the lotus feet; upajibe --
will grow; bhakti -- devotional service; tathi lagi' -- for that reason;
kari -- I do; tomara carane pranati -- humble obeisances at Your lotus
feet.
TRANSLATION
"Henceforward I shall certainly develop devotional service unto Your
lotus feet. For this reason I have come to You and have fallen down at
Your lotus feet."
Madhya 25.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
eta bali' prabhure lana tathaya vasila
prabhure prakasananda puchite lagila
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; lana --
taking; tathaya vasila -- sat down there; prabhure -- unto Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; prakasananda -- Prakasananda Sarasvati; puchite lagila --
began to inquire.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Prakasananda Sarasvati sat down with Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and began to question the Lord as follows.
Madhya 25.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
mayavade karila yata dosera akhyana
sabe ei jani' acaryera kalpita vyakhyana
SYNONYMS
mayavade -- in the philosophy of Mayavada, impersonalism; karila -- You
have done; yata -- all; dosera akhyana -- description of the faults;
sabe -- all; ei -- these; jani' -- knowing; acaryera -- of Sankaracarya;
kalpita vyakhyana -- imaginary explanations.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati said, "We can understand the faults You have
pointed out in the Mayavada philosophy. All the explanations given by
Sankaracarya are imaginary.
Madhya 25.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
sutrera karila tumi mukhyartha-vivarana
taha suni' sabara haila camatkara mana
SYNONYMS
sutrera -- of the Brahma-sutra; karila -- have done; tumi -- You; mukhya-
artha-vivarana -- description of the direct meaning; taha suni' --
hearing that; sabara -- of everyone; haila -- became; camatkara --
astonished; mana -- the mind.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, whatever direct meaning You have given when explaining
the Brahma-sutra is certainly very wonderful to all of us.
Madhya 25.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
tumi ta' isvara, tomara ache sarva-sakti
sanksepa-rupe kaha tumi sunite haya mati
SYNONYMS
tumi ta' -- indeed You are; isvara -- the Supreme Lord; tomara -- of You;
ache -- there are; sarva-sakti -- all potencies; sanksepa-rupe --
briefly; kaha -- please explain; tumi -- You; sunite haya mati -- I wish
to hear.
TRANSLATION
"You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and therefore You have
inconceivable energies. I wish to hear from You briefly about the Brahma-
sutra."
PURPORT
Prakasananda Sarasvati said that he had already understood Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's explanation of the direct import of the Brahma-sutra.
Nonetheless, he was requesting the Lord to now briefly give the purport
of the Brahma-sutra, the Vedanta-sutra.
Madhya 25.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- "ami ‘jiva', ati tuccha-jnana!
vyasa-sutrera gambhira artha, vyasa-bhagavan
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; ami jiva -- I am an
insignificant living being; ati tuccha-jnana -- My knowledge is very
meager; vyasa-sutrera -- of the Vedanta-sutra, written by Vyasadeva;
gambhira artha -- very grave meaning; vyasa -- Vyasadeva; bhagavan --
the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "I am an ordinary living being, and
therefore My knowledge is very insignificant. However, the meaning of
the Brahma-sutra is very grave because its author, Vyasadeva, is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself.
PURPORT
An ordinary living being cannot actually understand the meaning of the
Vedanta-sutra. One can understand the meaning if he hears it from the
authority, Vyasadeva himself. For this purpose, Vyasadeva gave a
commentary on the Brahma-sutra in the form of Srimad-Bhagavatam. He had
been instructed to do this by his spiritual master, Narada. Of course,
Sankaracarya distorted the meaning of the Brahma-sutra because he had a
motive to serve. He wanted to establish Vedic knowledge in place of the
atheistic knowledge spread by Lord Buddha. All these necessities are
there according to time and circumstances. Neither Lord Buddha nor
Sankaracarya is to be blamed. The time required such an explanation for
the understanding of various types of atheists. The conclusion is that
one cannot understand the meaning of the Vedanta-sutra without going
through Srimad-Bhagavatam and rendering devotional service. Caitanya
Mahaprabhu therefore further explains the matter in the following verses.
Madhya 25.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
tanra sutrera artha kona jiva nahi jane
ataeva apane sutrartha kariyache vyakhyane
SYNONYMS
tanra sutrera artha -- the meaning of Vyasadeva's Vedanta-sutra; kona --
any; jiva -- living being; nahi jane -- does not know; ataeva --
therefore; apane -- personally; sutra-artha -- the meanings of the
sutras; kariyache vyakhyane -- has described.
TRANSLATION
"The purport of the Vedanta-sutra is very difficult for an ordinary
person to understand, but Vyasadeva, out of his causeless mercy, has
personally explained the meaning.
Madhya 25.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
yei sutra-karta, se yadi karaye vyakhyana
tabe sutrera mula artha lokera haya jnana
SYNONYMS
yei sutra-karta -- the person who has made the Vedanta-sutra; se -- that
person; yadi -- if; karaye vyakhyana -- explains the meaning; tabe --
then; sutrera -- of the aphorisms of the Vedanta-sutra; mula -- the
original; artha -- meaning; lokera -- of the people in general; haya
jnana -- comes within knowledge.
TRANSLATION
"If the Vedanta-sutra is explained by Vyasadeva himself, who has written
it, its original meaning can be understood by the people in general.
Madhya 25.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
pranavera yei artha, gayatrite sei haya
sei artha catuh-slokite vivariya kaya
SYNONYMS
pranavera -- of the sound vibration, omkara; yei -- whatever; artha --
meaning; gayatrite -- in the Gayatri mantra; sei -- that; haya -- there
is; sei artha -- that same meaning; catuh-slokite -- in Srimad-
Bhagavatam summarized in four slokas; vivariya -- describing elaborately;
kaya -- has said.
TRANSLATION
"The meaning of the sound vibration omkara is present in the Gayatri
mantra. The same is elaborately explained in the four slokas of Srimad-
Bhagavatam known as the catuh-sloki.
Madhya 25.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
brahmare isvara catuh-sloki ye kahila
brahma narade sei upadesa kaila
SYNONYMS
brahmare -- to Lord Brahma; isvara -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead;
catuh-sloki -- the four famous verses known as the catuh-sloki; ye
kahila -- whatever was explained; brahma -- Lord Brahma; narade -- to
Narada Muni; sei -- that; upadesa kaila -- instructed.
TRANSLATION
"Whatever was spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead to Lord
Brahma in those four verses of Srimad-Bhagavatam was also explained to
Narada by Lord Brahma.
Madhya 25.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
narada sei artha vyasere kahila
suni' veda-vyasa mane vicara karila
SYNONYMS
narada -- the great sage Narada; sei artha -- the same purport; vyasere
kahila -- explained to Vyasadeva; suni' -- hearing; veda-vyasa --
Vyasadeva; mane -- within the mind; vicara karila -- considered very
carefully.
TRANSLATION
"Whatever Lord Brahma told Narada Muni was again explained by Narada
Muni to Vyasadeva. Vyasadeva later considered these instructions in his
mind.
Madhya 25.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
"ei artha-amara sutrera vyakhyanurupa
'bhagavata' kariba sutrera bhasya-svarupa"
SYNONYMS
ei artha -- this explanation; amara -- my; sutrera -- of the Brahma-
sutra; vyakhya-anurupa -- a suitable explanation; bhagavata-Srimad-
Bhagavata Purana; kariba -- I shall make; sutrera -- of the Brahma-sutra;
bhasya-svarupa -- as the original commentary.
TRANSLATION
"Srila Vyasadeva considered that whatever he had received from Narada
Muni as an explanation of omkara he would elaborately explain in his
book Srimad-Bhagavatam as a commentary on the Brahma-sutra.
PURPORT
The sound vibration omkara is the root of Vedic knowledge. Omkara is
known as the maha-vakya, or supreme sound. Whatever meaning is in the
supreme sound omkara is further understood in the Gayatri mantra. Again,
this same meaning is explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam in the four slokas
known as the catuh-sloki, which begin with the words aham evasam evagre.
The Lord says, "Only I existed before the creation." From this statement,
four slokas have been composed, and these are known as the catuh-sloki [
SB 2.9.33/34/35/36]. In this way the Supreme Personality of Godhead
informed Lord Brahma about the purport of the catuh-sloki. Again, Lord
Brahma explained this to Narada Muni, and Narada Muni explained it to
Srila Vyasadeva. This is the parampara system, the disciplic succession.
The import of Vedic knowledge, the original word pranava, has been
explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam. The conclusion is that the Brahma-sutra
is explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Madhya 25.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
cari-veda-upanisade yata kichu haya
tara artha lana vyasa karila sancaya
SYNONYMS
cari-veda -- the four divisions of the Vedas (Sama, Yajur, Rg and
Atharva); upanisade -- and in the 108 Upanisads; yata -- whatever; kichu
haya -- is there; tara artha -- the meanings of those Vedic literatures;
lana -- taking together; vyasa -- Vyasadeva; karila sancaya -- collected.
TRANSLATION
"Vyasadeva collected whatever Vedic conclusions were in the four Vedas
and 108 Upanisads and placed them in the aphorisms of the Vedanta-sutra.
Madhya 25.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
yei sutre yei rk-visaya-vacana
bhagavate sei rk sloke nibandhana
SYNONYMS
yei sutre -- in the aphorisms of the Vedanta-sutra; yei -- whatever; rk -
- Vedic mantras; visaya-vacana -- subject matter to be explained;
bhagavate -- in Srimad-Bhagavatam; sei rk -- those same Vedic mantras;
sloke -- in eighteen thousand verses; nibandhana -- compiling.
TRANSLATION
"In the Vedanta-sutra, the purport of all Vedic knowledge is explained,
and in Srimad-Bhagavatam the same purport has been explained in eighteen
thousand verses.
Madhya 25.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
ataeva brahma-sutrera bhasya-sri-bhagavata
bhagavata-sloka, upanisat kahe ‘eka' mata
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; brahma-sutrera bhasya -- the commentary on the
Brahma-sutra aphorisms; sri-bhagavata-Srimad-Bhagavatam; bhagavata-sloka
-- the verses in Srimad-Bhagavatam; upanisat -- the explanations in the
Upanisads; kahe -- state; eka mata -- the same version.
TRANSLATION
"Therefore it is to be concluded that the Brahma-sutra is explained
vividly in Srimad-Bhagavatam. Also, what is explained in the verses of
Srimad-Bhagavatam has the same purport as what is explained in the
Upanisads.
Madhya 25.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
atmavasyam idam visvam
yat kincij jagatyam jagat
tena tyaktena bhunjitha
ma grdhah kasya svid dhanam
SYNONYMS
atma-avasyam -- the expansion of the energy of the Supreme Soul, the
Personality of Godhead; idam -- this; visvam -- universe; yat --
whatever; kincit -- something; jagatyam -- within the universe; jagat --
all that is animate or inanimate; tena -- by Him; tyaktena -- by things
allotted to every person; bhunjithah -- you should accept for your
maintenance; ma -- never; grdhah -- encroach; kasya svit -- someone else'
s; dhanam -- property.
TRANSLATION
"‘Everything animate or inanimate that is within the universe is
controlled and owned by the Lord. One should therefore accept only those
things for himself that are set aside as his quota, and one should not
accept other things, knowing well to whom they belong.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (8.1.10). Communists and
socialists are trying to propagate the philosophy that everything
belongs to the mass of people or to the state. Such an idea is not
perfect. When this idea is expanded, we can see that everything belongs
to God. That will be the perfection of the communistic idea. The purpose
of Srimad-Bhagavatam is here very nicely explained. Every one of us must
be satisfied with those things the Supreme Personality of Godhead has
allotted us. We should not encroach upon the possessions of others. This
simple idea can be expanded in our daily lives. Everyone should have a
piece of land given by the government, and everyone should possess a few
cows. Both of these should be utilized for one's daily bread. Above that,
if something is manufactured in a factory, it should be considered the
property of the Supreme Personality of Godhead because the ingredients
belong to the Supreme Lord. Actually, there is no need to manufacture
such things artificially, but if it is done, one should consider that
the goods produced belong to the Supreme Lord. Spiritual communism
recognizes the supreme proprietorship of the Supreme Lord. As Lord Krsna
explains in the Bhagavad-gita (5.29):
bhoktaram yajna-tapasam sarva-loka-mahesvaram
suhrdam sarva-bhutanam jnatva mam santim rcchati
"A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate
beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all
planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living
entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries."
It is further explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam that no one should claim
anything as his property. Whatever property one claims to be his
actually belongs to Krsna. One should be satisfied with whatever has
been allotted by the Supreme Lord and should not encroach upon the
property of others. This will lead to peace in the whole world.
Madhya 25.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
bhagavatera sambandha, abhidheya, prayojana
catuh-slokite prakata tara kariyache laksana
SYNONYMS
bhagavatera -- of Srimad-Bhagavatam; sambandha -- a personal
relationship with God; abhidheya -- activities in that relationship;
prayojana -- the ultimate goal of life; catuh-slokite -- in the four
famous verses of Srimad-Bhagavatam; prakata -- manifesting; tara -- of
them; kariyache -- has done; laksana -- the symptoms.
TRANSLATION
"The essence of Srimad-Bhagavatam -- our relationship with the Supreme
Lord, our activities in that connection and the goal of life -- is
manifest in the four verses of Srimad-Bhagavatam known as the catuh-
sloki. Everything is explained in those verses.
Madhya 25.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
"ami-‘sambandha'-tattva, amara jnana-vijnana
ama paite sadhana-bhakti ‘abhidheya'-nama
SYNONYMS
ami -- I; sambandha-tattva -- the center of all relationships; amara --
of Me; jnana -- knowledge; vijnana -- practical application of that
knowledge; ama paite -- to obtain Me; sadhana-bhakti -- the practice of
devotional service; abhidheya-nama -- is called activities in that
relationship.
TRANSLATION
"[Lord Krsna says:] ‘I am the center of all relationships. Knowledge of
Me and the practical application of that knowledge is actual knowledge.
Approaching Me for devotional service is called abhidheya.
PURPORT
Spiritual knowledge means fully understanding the Absolute Truth in
three features -- impersonal Brahman, localized Paramatma and the all-
powerful Supreme Personality of Godhead. Ultimately when one takes
shelter at the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and
engages in the Lord's service, the resultant knowledge is called vijnana,
special knowledge, or the practical application of spiritual knowledge.
One should be engaged in the Lord's devotional service to achieve the
aim of life, called prayojana. The practice of devotional service to
attain that goal of life is called abhidheya.
Madhya 25.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
sadhanera phala-‘prema' mula-prayojana
sei preme paya jiva amara ‘sevana'
SYNONYMS
sadhanera phala -- the result of devotional service; prema -- love of
Godhead; mula-prayojana -- the chief goal; sei preme -- by that love of
Godhead; paya -- gets; jiva -- the living entity; amara -- My; sevana --
service.
TRANSLATION
"‘By rendering devotional service, one gradually rises to the platform
of love of Godhead. That is the chief goal of life. On the platform of
love of Godhead, one is eternally engaged in the service of the Lord.
Madhya 25.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
jnanam parama-guhyam me
yad vijnana-samanvitam
sa-rahasyam tad-angam ca
grhana gaditam maya
SYNONYMS
jnanam -- knowledge; parama -- extremely; guhyam -- confidential; me --
of Me; yat -- which; vijnana -- realization; samanvitam -- fully endowed
with; sa-rahasyam -- with mystery; tat -- of that; angam --
supplementary parts; ca -- and; grhana -- just try to take up; gaditam --
explained; maya -- by Me.
TRANSLATION
"‘Please hear attentively what I shall speak to you, for transcendental
knowledge about Me is not only scientific but full of mysteries.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.31). For an explanation
see Adi-lila, Chapter One, text 51.
Madhya 25.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
ei ‘tina' tattva ami kahinu tomare
'jiva' tumi ei tina naribe janibare
SYNONYMS
ei tina tattva -- all three of these features of the Absolute Truth; ami
-- I; kahinu -- shall speak; tomare -- unto you; jiva -- a living being;
tumi -- you; ei tina -- these three; naribe -- will not be able;
janibare -- to understand.
TRANSLATION
"‘O Brahma, I shall explain all these truths to you. Since you are a
living being [jiva], without My explanation you will not be able to
understand your relationship with Me, devotional activity and life's
ultimate goal.
Madhya 25.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
yaiche amara ‘svarupa', yaiche amara ‘sthiti'
yaiche amara guna, karma, sad-aisvarya-sakti
SYNONYMS
yaiche -- as far as; amara -- My; svarupa -- original form; yaiche -- as
far as; amara -- My; sthiti -- situation; yaiche -- as far as; amara --
My; guna -- attributes; karma -- activities; sat-aisvarya-sakti -- six
kinds of opulence.
TRANSLATION
"‘I shall explain to you My actual form and situation, My attributes,
activities and six opulences.'
Madhya 25.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
amara krpaya ei saba sphuruka tomare"
eta bali' tina tattva kahila tanhare
SYNONYMS
amara -- My; krpaya -- by mercy; ei saba -- all these; sphuruka tomare --
let them be awakened in you; eta bali' -- saying this; tina tattva --
the three truths; kahila tanhare -- explained to him.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Krsna assured Lord Brahma, ‘By My mercy all these things will be
awakened in you.' Saying this, the Lord began to explain the three
truths [tattvas] to Lord Brahma.
Madhya 25.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
yavan aham yatha-bhavo
yad-rupa-guna-karmakah
tathaiva tattva-vijnanam
astu te mad-anugrahat
SYNONYMS
yavan -- as I am in My eternal form; aham -- I; yatha -- in whichever
manner; bhavah -- transcendental existence; yat -- whatever; rupa --
various forms and colors; guna -- qualities; karmakah -- activities;
tatha eva -- exactly so; tattva-vijnanam -- factual realization; astu --
let there be; te -- your; mat -- My; anugrahat -- by causeless mercy.
TRANSLATION
"‘By My causeless mercy, be enlightened in truth about My personality,
manifestations, qualities and pastimes.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.32). For an explanation
see Adi-lila, Chapter One, text 52.
Madhya 25.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
srstira purve sad-aisvarya-purna ami ta' ha-iye
'prapanca', ‘prakrti', ‘purusa' amatei laye
SYNONYMS
srstira purve -- before the creation of this cosmic manifestation; sat-
aisvarya-purna -- full of six opulences; ami -- I; ta' ha-iye -- indeed
existed; prapanca -- the total material energy; prakrti -- material
nature; purusa -- the living entities; amatei laye -- were all existing
in Me.
TRANSLATION
"‘Before the creation of the cosmic manifestation,' the Lord said, ‘I
existed, and the total material energy, material nature and the living
entities all existed in Me.
Madhya 25.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
srsti kari' tara madhye ami pravesiye
prapanca ye dekha saba, seha ami ha-iye
SYNONYMS
srsti kari' -- after creating; tara madhye -- within the creation; ami
pravesiye -- I enter as Lord Visnu; prapanca -- the cosmic manifestation;
ye -- whatever; dekha -- you see; saba -- all; seha -- that; ami ha-iye
-- I am.
TRANSLATION
"‘After creating the cosmic manifestation, I entered into it. Whatever
you see in the cosmic manifestation is but an expansion of My energy.
Madhya 25.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
pralaye avasista ami ‘purna' ha-iye
prakrta prapanca paya amatei laye
SYNONYMS
pralaye -- at the time of annihilation; avasista -- what remains; ami --
I; purna -- full; ha-iye -- am; prakrta prapanca -- the material cosmic
manifestation; paya -- obtains; amatei -- in Me; laye -- dissolution.
TRANSLATION
"‘When the whole universe dissolves, I remain full in Myself, and
everything that was manifested is again preserved in Me.
Madhya 25.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
aham evasam evagre
nanyad yat sad-asat-param
pascad aham yad etac ca
yo ‘vasisyeta so ‘smy aham
SYNONYMS
aham -- I, the Personality of Godhead; eva -- certainly; asam -- existed;
eva -- only; agre -- before the creation; na -- never; anyat --
anything else; yat -- which; sat -- the effect; asat -- the cause; param
-- the supreme; pascat -- after; aham -- I, the Personality of Godhead;
yat -- which; etat -- this creation; ca -- also; yah -- who; avasisyeta -
- remains; sah -- that; asmi -- am; aham -- I, the Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"‘Prior to the cosmic manifestation, only I exist, and no phenomena
exist, either gross, subtle or primordial. After creation, only I exist
in everything, and after annihilation, only I remain eternally.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.33). It is the first
verse of the catuh-sloki. For an explanation see Adi-lila, Chapter One,
text 53.
Madhya 25.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
"aham eva"-sloke ‘aham'-tina-bara
purnaisvarya sri-vigraha-sthitira nirdhara
SYNONYMS
aham eva -- I only; sloke -- in this verse; aham -- the word aham; tina-
bara -- three times; purna-aisvarya -- full of all opulences; sri-
vigraha -- of the transcendental form of the Lord; sthitira -- of the
existence; nirdhara -- confirmation.
TRANSLATION
"In the verse beginning ‘aham eva,' the word ‘aham' is expressed three
times. In the beginning there are the words ‘aham eva.' In the second
line there are the words ‘pascad aham.' At the end are the words ‘so ‘
smy aham.' This ‘aham' indicates the Supreme Person. By the repetition
of ‘aham,' the transcendental personality who is complete with six
opulences is confirmed.
Madhya 25.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
ye ‘vigraha' nahi mane, ‘nirakara' mane
tare tiraskaribare karila nirdharane
SYNONYMS
ye -- one who; vigraha -- that Personality of Godhead; nahi mane -- does
not accept; nirakara mane -- considers impersonal; tare -- him;
tiraskaribare -- just to chastise; karila -- has done; nirdharane --
ascertainment.
TRANSLATION
"Impersonalists do not accept the personal feature of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. The Personality of Godhead is stressed in this
verse in order to impress upon them the necessity of accepting Him.
Therefore the word ‘aham' is mentioned three times. To stress something
important, one repeats it three times.
Madhya 25.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
ei saba sabde haya-‘jnana'-‘vijnana'-viveka
maya-karya, maya haite ami-vyatireka
SYNONYMS
ei saba -- all these; sabde -- in the words; haya -- there is; jnana --
of real spiritual knowledge; vijnana -- of the practical application of
the knowledge; viveka -- consideration; maya-karya -- the activities of
the external energy; maya haite -- from the activities of the material
energy; ami -- I; vyatireka -- distinct.
TRANSLATION
"[Lord Krsna continued:] ‘Actual spiritual knowledge and its practical
application are considered in all these sound vibrations. Although the
external energy comes from Me, I am different from it.
Madhya 25.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
yaiche suryera sthane bhasaye ‘abhasa'
surya vina svatantra tara na haya prakasa
SYNONYMS
yaiche -- just as; suryera -- of the sun; sthane -- in place; bhasaye --
appears; abhasa -- the illumination; surya vina -- without the sun;
svatantra -- independently; tara -- of that; na haya -- is not; prakasa -
- manifestation.
TRANSLATION
"‘Sometimes a reflection of the sun is experienced in place of the sun,
but its illumination is never possible independent of the sun.
Madhya 25.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
mayatita haile haya amara ‘anubhava'
ei ‘sambandha'-tattva kahilun, suna ara saba
SYNONYMS
maya-atita haile -- when one becomes transcendentally situated above
this external energy; haya -- there is; amara anubhava -- perception of
Me; ei sambandha-tattva kahilun -- this has been explained as the
principle of a relationship with Me; suna -- please hear; ara saba --
all the rest.
TRANSLATION
"‘When one is transcendentally situated, he can perceive Me. This
perception is the basis of one's relationship with the Supreme Lord. Now
let Me further explain this subject matter.
PURPORT
Real spiritual knowledge has to be received from revealed scriptures.
After this knowledge is attained, one can begin to perceive his actual
spiritual life. Any knowledge achieved by speculation is imperfect. One
must receive knowledge from the parampara system and from the guru;
otherwise one will be bewildered and will ultimately become an
impersonalist. One who very scrutinizingly deliberates on genuine
spiritual knowledge can realize the personal feature of the Absolute
Truth. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is always transcendental to
this material creation. Narayanah paro 'vyaktat: "Narayana, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, is always transcendental." He is not a creation
of this material world. Without realizing spiritual knowledge, one
cannot understand that the transcendental form of the Lord is always
beyond the creative energy. The example of the sun and the sunshine is
given. The sunshine is not the sun, but still the sunshine is not
separate from the sun. The philosophy of acintya-bhedabheda-tattva (
simultaneously one and different) cannot be understood by one who is
fully under the influence of the external energy. Consequently a person
under the influence of the material energy cannot understand the nature
and form of the Personality of the Absolute Truth.
Madhya 25.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
rte ‘rtham yat pratiyeta
na pratiyeta catmani
tad vidyad atmano mayam
yathabhaso yatha tamah
SYNONYMS
rte -- without; artham -- value; yat -- that which; pratiyeta -- appears
to be; na -- not; pratiyeta -- appears to be; ca -- certainly; atmani --
in relation to Me; tat -- that; vidyat -- you must know; atmanah -- My;
mayam -- illusory energy; yatha -- just as; abhasah -- the reflection;
yatha -- just as; tamah -- the darkness.
TRANSLATION
"‘What appears to be truth without Me is certainly My illusory energy,
for nothing can exist without Me. It is like a reflection of a real
light in the shadows, for in the light there are neither shadows nor
reflections.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.34). It is the second
verse of the catuh-sloki. For an explanation of this verse, see Adi-lila,
Chapter One, text 54.
Madhya 25.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
'abhidheya' sadhana-bhaktira sunaha vicara
sarva-jana-desa-kala-dasate vyapti yara
SYNONYMS
abhidheya -- the means to obtain an end; sadhana-bhaktira -- of the
process of executing devotional service; sunaha vicara -- please hear
the procedure; sarva -- all; jana -- people; desa -- countries; kala --
times; dasate -- and in circumstances; vyapti yara -- which is all-
pervasive.
TRANSLATION
"‘Now please hear from Me about the process of devotional service, which
is applicable in any country, for any person, at all times and in all
circumstances.
PURPORT
The cult of bhagavata-dharma can be spread in all circumstances, among
all people and in all countries. Many envious people accuse the Krsna
consciousness movement of spoiling the rigidity of so-called Hinduism.
That is not actually the fact. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu confirms that
devotional service to the Lord -- the cult of bhagavata-dharma, which is
now being spread as the Hare Krsna movement -- can be spread in every
country, to every person, in any condition of life, and in all
circumstances. Bhagavata-dharma does not restrict pure devotees to the
Hindu community. A pure devotee is above a brahmana; therefore it is not
incompatible to offer the sacred thread to devotees in Europe, America,
Australia, Japan, Canada, and so on. Sometimes these pure devotees, who
have been accepted by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, are not allowed to enter
certain temples in India. Also, some high-caste brahmanas and gosvamis
refuse to take prasadam in the temples of the International Society for
Krishna Consciousness. Actually this is against the instruction of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Devotees can come from any country, and they can
belong to any creed or race. On the strength of this verse, those who
are actually devotees and followers of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu must
accept devotees from all parts of the world as pure Vaisnavas. They
should be accepted not artificially but factually. One should see how
they are advanced in Krsna consciousness and how they are conducting
Deity worship, sankirtana and Ratha-yatra. Considering all these points,
the envious persons must henceforward refrain from their malicious
atrocities.
Madhya 25.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
'dharmadi' visaye yaiche e ‘cari' vicara
sadhana-bhakti-ei cari vicarera para
SYNONYMS
dharma-adi -- of religious activities and so on; visaye -- in the
subject matter; yaiche -- just as; e cari vicara -- there is a
consideration of four principles, namely the person, country, time and
atmosphere; sadhana-bhakti -- of devotional service; ei -- these; cari --
four; vicarera -- to the considerations; para -- transcendental.
TRANSLATION
"‘As far as religious principles are concerned, there is a consideration
of the person, the country, the time and the circumstance. In devotional
service, however, there are no such considerations. Devotional service
is transcendental to all such considerations.
PURPORT
When we are on the material platform, there are different types of
religions -- Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and so on. These
are instituted for a particular time, a particular country or a
particular person. Consequently there are differences. Christian
principles are different from Hindu principles, and Hindu principles are
different from Muslim and Buddhist principles. These may be considered
on the material platform, but when we come to the platform of
transcendental devotional service, there are no such considerations. The
transcendental service of the Lord (sadhana-bhakti) is above these
principles. The world is anxious for religious unity, and that common
platform can be achieved in transcendental devotional service. This is
the verdict of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When one becomes a Vaisnava, he
becomes transcendental to all these limited considerations. This is
confirmed by Lord Krsna in the Bhagavad-gita (14.26):
mam ca yo ‘vyabhicarena bhakti-yogena sevate
sa gunan samatityaitan brahma-bhuyaya kalpate
"One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all
circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus
comes to the level of Brahman."
The devotional activities of the Krsna consciousness movement are
completely transcendental to material considerations. As far as
different faiths are concerned, religions may be of different types, but
on the spiritual platform, everyone has an equal right to execute
devotional service. That is the platform of oneness and the basis for a
classless society. In his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya, Srila Bhaktivinoda
Thakura confirms that one has to learn from a bona fide spiritual master
about religious principles, economic development, sense gratification
and ultimately liberation. These are the four divisions of regulated
life, but they are on the material platform. On the spiritual platform,
the four principles are jnana, vijnana, tad-anga and tad-rahasya. Rules,
regulations and restrictions are on the material platform, but on the
spiritual platform one has to be equipped with transcendental knowledge,
which is above the principles of religious rituals. Mundane religious
activity is known as smarta-viddhi, but transcendental devotional
service is called gosvami-viddhi. Unfortunately many so-called gosvamis
are on the platform of smarta-viddhi, yet they try to pass as gosvami-
viddhi, and thus the people are cheated. Gosvami-viddhi is strictly
explained in Sanatana Gosvami's Hari-bhakti-vilasa, wherein it is stated:
yatha kancanatam yati kamsyam rasa-vidhanatah
tatha diksa-vidhanena dvijatvam jayate nrnam
"By chemical manipulation, bell metal is turned into gold when touched
by mercury; similarly, when a person is properly initiated, he can
acquire the qualities of a brahmana."
The conclusion is that devotional service is open for everyone,
regardless of caste, creed, time and country. This Krsna consciousness
movement is functioning according to this principle.
Madhya 25.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
sarva-desa-kala-dasaya janera kartavya
guru-pase sei bhakti prastavya, srotavya
SYNONYMS
sarva -- all; desa -- countries; kala -- times; dasaya -- and in
circumstances; janera -- of every man; kartavya -- the duty; guru-pase --
in the care of a spiritual master; sei -- that; bhakti -- devotional
service; prastavya -- to be inquired; srotavya -- and to be heard.
TRANSLATION
"‘It is therefore the duty of every man -- in every country, in every
circumstance and at all times -- to approach a bona fide spiritual
master, question him about devotional service and listen to him explain
the process.
Madhya 25.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
etavad eva jijnasyam
tattva-jijnasunatmanah
anvaya-vyatirekabhyam
yat syat sarvatra sarvada
SYNONYMS
etavat -- up to this; eva -- certainly; jijnasyam -- to be inquired
about; tattva -- of the Absolute Truth; jijnasuna -- by the student;
atmanah -- of the self; anvaya -- directly; vyatirekabhyam -- and
indirectly; yat -- whatever; syat -- it may be; sarvatra -- everywhere;
sarvada -- always.
TRANSLATION
"‘A person interested in transcendental knowledge must therefore always
directly and indirectly inquire about it to know about the all-pervading
truth.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.36). It is the fourth
verse of the catuh-sloki. For an explanation see Adi-lila, Chapter One,
text 56.
Madhya 25.124
TEXT 124
TEXT
amate ye ‘priti', sei ‘prema'-‘prayojana'
karya-dvare kahi tara ‘svarupa'-laksana
SYNONYMS
amate -- unto Me; ye -- whatever; priti -- affection; sei -- that; prema
-- love of Godhead; prayojana -- the ultimate goal of life; karya-dvare -
- by practical example; kahi -- let Me inform; tara -- its; svarupa-
laksana -- natural characteristics.
TRANSLATION
"‘Supreme affection for Me is called love of Godhead, and that is the
ultimate goal of life. Let Me explain by a practical example the natural
characteristics of such love.
Madhya 25.125
TEXT 125
TEXT
panca-bhuta yaiche bhutera bhitare-bahire
bhakta-gane sphuri ami bahire-antare
SYNONYMS
panca-bhuta -- the five material elements; yaiche -- just as; bhutera --
of the living entities; bhitare -- inside; bahire -- and outside; bhakta-
gane -- unto the devotees; sphuri -- becoming manifest; ami -- I; bahire-
antare -- externally and internally.
TRANSLATION
"‘The five material elements are existing inside and outside of every
living entity. Similarly, I, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, am
manifest within the heart of the devotee as well as outside his body.
PURPORT
The pure devotee knows that he is a servant of Krsna eternally. He knows
that everything can be used in the service of the Lord.
Madhya 25.126
TEXT 126
TEXT
yatha mahanti bhutani
bhutesuccavacesv anu
pravistany apravistani
tatha tesu na tesv aham
SYNONYMS
yatha -- as; mahanti -- the universal; bhutani -- elements; bhutesu --
in the living entities; ucca-avacesu -- both gigantic and minute; anu --
after; pravistani -- situated internally; apravistani -- situated
externally; tatha -- so; tesu -- in them; na -- not; tesu -- in them;
aham -- I.
TRANSLATION
"‘As the material elements enter the bodies of all living beings and yet
remain outside them all, I exist within all material creations and yet
am not within them.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.35). It is also the
third verse of the catuh-sloki. For an explanation see Adi-lila, Chapter
One, text 55.
Madhya 25.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
bhakta ama preme bandhiyache hrdaya-bhitare
yahan netra pade tahan dekhaye amare
SYNONYMS
bhakta -- a devotee; ama -- Me; preme -- by love; bandiyache -- has
bound; hrdaya-bhitare -- within his heart; yahan -- wherever; netra --
the eyes; pade -- fall; tahan -- there; dekhaye -- he sees; amare -- Me.
TRANSLATION
"‘A highly elevated devotee can bind Me, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, in his heart by love. Wherever he looks, he sees Me and nothing
else.
Madhya 25.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
visrjati hrdayam na yasya saksad
dharir avasabhihito ‘py aghaugha-nasah
pranaya-rasanaya dhrtanghri-padmah
sa bhavati bhagavata-pradhana uktah
SYNONYMS
visrjati -- gives up; hrdayam -- the heart; na -- not; yasya -- whose;
saksat -- directly; harih -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; avasa-
abhihitah -- who is automatically or inattentively glorified; api --
although; agha-ogha-nasah -- who annihilates all kinds of inauspicious
offenses for a devotee; pranaya-rasanaya -- with the rope of love; dhrta-
anghri-padmah -- whose lotus feet are bound; sah -- such a devotee;
bhavati -- is; bhagavata-pradhanah -- the most elevated devotee; uktah --
is said.
TRANSLATION
"‘Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who destroys everything
inauspicious for His devotees, does not leave the hearts of His devotees
even if they remember Him and chant about Him inattentively. This is
because the rope of love always binds the Lord within the devotees'
hearts. Such devotees should be accepted as most elevated.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.55).
Madhya 25.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
sarva-bhutesu yah pasyed
bhagavad-bhavam atmanah
bhutani bhagavaty atmany
esa bhagavatottamah
SYNONYMS
sarva-bhutesu -- in all objects (in matter, spirit, or combinations of
matter and spirit); yah -- anyone who; pasyet -- sees; bhagavat-bhavam --
the capacity to be engaged in the service of the Lord; atmanah -- of
the Supreme Spirit Soul, or the transcendence beyond the material
conception of life; bhutani -- all beings; bhagavati -- in the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; atmani -- the basic principle of all existence;
esah -- this; bhagavata-uttamah -- a person advanced in devotional
service.
TRANSLATION
"‘A person advanced in devotional service sees within everything the
soul of souls, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna.
Consequently he always sees the form of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead as the cause of all causes and understands that all things are
situated in Him.
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.45).
Madhya 25.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
gayanta uccair amum eva samhatah
vicikyur unmattaka-vad vanad vanam
papracchur akasa-vad antaram bahir
bhutesu santam purusam vanaspatin
SYNONYMS
gayantah -- continuously singing; uccaih -- very loudly; amum -- that
one (Lord Sri Krsna); eva -- certainly; samhatah -- being assembled
together; vicikyuh -- searched; unmattaka-vat -- like those who have
become mad; vanat -- from one forest; vanam -- to another forest;
papracchuh -- asked about; akasa-vat -- like the sky; antaram -- within;
bahih -- outside; bhutesu -- in all living entities; santam -- existing;
purusam -- the Supreme Person; vanaspatin -- all the trees and plants.
TRANSLATION
"‘All the gopis assembled to chant the transcendental qualities of Krsna
very loudly, and they began to wander from one forest to another like
madwomen. They began to inquire about the Lord, who is situated in all
living entities, internally and externally. Indeed, they even asked all
the plants and vegetables about Him, the Supreme Person.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.30.4). The gopis almost
went mad due to Krsna's suddenly leaving the rasa dance. Because the
gopis were fully absorbed in thoughts of Krsna, they were imitating His
different postures and pastimes. They became very much saddened because
of His absence, and this incident is explained by Sukadeva Gosvami to
Maharaja Pariksit.
Madhya 25.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
ataeva bhagavate ei ‘tina' kaya
sambandha-abhidheya-prayojana-maya
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; bhagavate -- in Srimad-Bhagavatam; ei tina -- these
three principles; kaya -- are explained; sambandha-abhidheya-prayojana-
maya -- first one's relationship, then activities in devotional service,
and then achieving the highest goal of life, love of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "Thus one's relationship with the
Lord, activities in devotional service, and the attainment of the
highest goal of life, love of Godhead, are the subject matters of Srimad-
Bhagavatam.
Madhya 25.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
vadanti tat tattva-vidas
tattvam yaj jnanam advayam
brahmeti paramatmeti
bhagavan iti sabdyate
SYNONYMS
vadanti -- they say; tat -- that; tattva-vidah -- those who know the
Absolute Truth; tattvam -- the ultimate goal; yat -- which; jnanam
advayam -- identical knowledge; brahma iti -- as the impersonal Brahman;
paramatma iti -- as the Supersoul; bhagavan iti -- as the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; sabdyate -- it is described.
TRANSLATION
"‘The Absolute Truth is known by the self-realized souls as a unified
identity known by different names -- impersonal Brahman, localized
Paramatma, and Bhagavan, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.2.11). For an explanation
see Adi-lila, Chapter 2, text 11.
Madhya 25.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
bhagavan eka asedam
agra atmatmanam vibhuh
atmecchanugatav atma
anana-maty-upalaksanah
SYNONYMS
bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; ekah -- only; asa -- was;
idam -- this universe; agre -- before (before the creation of this
cosmic manifestation); atma -- the living force; atmanam -- of all the
living entities; vibhuh -- the Supreme Lord; atma -- of the Supreme;
iccha -- the will; anugatau -- according to; atma -- the Supersoul;
anana-mati-upalaksanah -- who is not realized by persons having many
angles of vision.
TRANSLATION
"‘Before the cosmic manifestation was created, the creative propensity
was merged in the Supreme Lord's person. At that time all potencies and
manifestations were preserved in His personality. The Lord is the cause
of all causes, and He is the all-pervading, self-sufficient person.
Before the creation, He existed with His spiritual potency in the
spiritual world, wherein various Vaikuntha planets are manifested.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.5.23).
Madhya 25.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
ete camsa-kalah pumsah
krsnas tu bhagavan svayam
indrari-vyakulam lokam
mrdayanti yuge yuge
SYNONYMS
ete -- these; ca -- and; amsa -- plenary portions; kalah -- parts of
plenary portions; pumsah -- of the purusa-avataras; krsnah -- Lord Krsna;
tu -- but; bhagavan -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svayam --
Himself; indra-ari -- the enemies of Lord Indra; vyakulam -- full of;
lokam -- the world; mrdayanti -- make happy; yuge yuge -- at the right
time in each age.
TRANSLATION
"‘All these incarnations of Godhead are either plenary portions or parts
of the plenary portions of the purusa-avataras. But Krsna is the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Himself. In every age He protects the world
through His different features when the world is disturbed by the
enemies of Indra.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.3.28). For an explanation,
see Adi-lila, Chapter Two, text 67.
Madhya 25.135
TEXT 135
TEXT
eita' ‘sambandha', suna ‘abhidheya' bhakti
bhagavate prati-sloke vyape yara sthiti
SYNONYMS
eita' -- this; sambandha -- relationship; suna -- please hear; abhidheya
-- the function; bhakti -- known as devotional service; bhagavate -- in
Srimad-Bhagavatam; prati-sloke -- in each and every verse; vyape --
pervades; yara -- of which; sthiti -- the situation.
TRANSLATION
"This is one's eternal relationship with the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. Now please hear about the execution of devotional service. This
principle pervades each and every verse of Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Madhya 25.136
TEXT 136
TEXT
bhaktyaham ekaya grahyah
sraddhayatma priyah satam
bhaktih punati man-nistha
sva-pakan api sambhavat
SYNONYMS
bhaktya -- by devotional service; aham -- I, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead; ekaya -- unflinching; grahyah -- obtainable; sraddhaya -- by
faith; atma -- the most dear; priyah -- to be served; satam -- by the
devotees; bhaktih -- the devotional service; punati -- purifies; mat-
nistha -- fixed only on Me; sva-pakan -- the lowest grade of human
beings, who are accustomed to eating dogs; api -- certainly; sambhavat --
from all faults due to birth and so on.
TRANSLATION
"[Lord Krsna said:] ‘Being very dear to the devotees and sadhus, I am
attained through unflinching faith and devotional service. This bhakti-
yoga system, which gradually increases attachment for Me, purifies even
a human being born among dog-eaters. That is to say, everyone can be
elevated to the spiritual platform by the process of bhakti-yoga.'
PURPORT
This verse is from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.14.21).
Madhya 25.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
na sadhayati mam yogo
na sankhyam dharma uddhava
na svadhyayas tapas tyago
yatha bhaktir mamorjita
SYNONYMS
na -- never; sadhayati -- causes to remain satisfied; mam -- Me; yogah --
the process of control; na -- nor; sankhyam -- the process of gaining
philosophical knowledge about the Absolute Truth; dharmah -- such an
occupation; uddhava -- My dear Uddhava; na -- nor; svadhyayah -- study
of the Vedas; tapah -- austerities; tyagah -- renunciation, acceptance
of sannyasa, or charity; yatha -- as much as; bhaktih -- devotional
service; mama -- unto Me; urjita -- developed.
TRANSLATION
"[The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, said:] ‘My dear Uddhava,
neither through astanga-yoga [the mystic yoga system to control the
senses], nor through impersonal monism or an analytical study of the
Absolute Truth, nor through study of the Vedas, nor through austerities,
charity or acceptance of sannyasa can one satisfy Me as much as by
developing unalloyed devotional service unto Me.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.14.20). For an
explanation see Adi-lila, Chapter Seventeen, text 76.
Madhya 25.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
bhayam dvitiyabhinivesatah syad
isad apetasya viparyayo ‘smrtih
tan-mayayato budha abhajet tam
bhaktyaikayesam guru-devatatma
SYNONYMS
bhayam -- fear; dvitiya-abhinivesatah -- from the misconception of being
a product of material energy; syat -- arises; isat -- from the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Krsna; apetasya -- of one who has withdrawn (the
conditioned soul); viparyayah -- reversal of position; asmrtih -- no
conception of his relationship with the Supreme Lord; tat-mayaya --
because of the illusory energy of the Supreme Lord; atah -- therefore;
budhah -- one who is wise; abhajet -- must worship; tam -- Him; bhaktya -
- by devotional service; ekaya -- undiverted to karma and jnana; isam --
the Supreme Personality of Godhead; guru -- as the spiritual master;
devata -- worshipable Lord; atma -- Supersoul.
TRANSLATION
"‘When the living entity is attracted by the material energy, which is
separate from Krsna, he is overpowered by fear. Because he is separated
from the Supreme Personality of Godhead by the material energy, his
conception of life is reversed. In other words, instead of being the
eternal servant of Krsna, he becomes Krsna's competitor. This is called
viparyayo ‘smrtih. To nullify this mistake, one who is actually learned
and advanced worships the Supreme Personality of Godhead as his
spiritual master, worshipful Deity and source of life. He thus worships
the Lord by the process of unalloyed devotional service.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.37).
Madhya 25.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
ebe suna, prema, yei-mula ‘prayojana'
pulakasru-nrtya-gita-yahara laksana
SYNONYMS
ebe suna -- now hear; prema -- love of Godhead; yei -- which; mula
prayojana -- the chief objective; pulaka-asru-nrtya-gita -- trembling of
the body, tears in the eyes, dancing and chanting; yahara laksana -- the
symptoms of which.
TRANSLATION
"Now hear from Me what actual love of Godhead is. It is the prime object
of life and is symptomized by bodily trembling, tears in the eyes,
chanting and dancing.
Madhya 25.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
smarantah smarayantyas ca
mitho ghaugha-haram harim
bhaktya sanjataya bhaktya
bibhraty utpulakam tanum
SYNONYMS
smarantah -- remembering; smarayantyah ca -- and reminding; mithah --
one another; agha-ogha-haram -- who takes away everything inauspicious
from the devotee; harim -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhaktya --
by devotion; sanjataya -- awakened; bhaktya -- by devotion; bibhrati --
possess; utpulakam -- agitated by ecstasy; tanum -- body.
TRANSLATION
"‘Pure devotees manifest spiritual bodily symptoms of ecstatic love
simply by remembering and reminding others of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Hari, who takes away everything inauspicious from the devotee.
This position is attained by rendering devotional service according to
the regulative principles and then rising to the platform of spontaneous
love.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.3.31).
Madhya 25.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
evam-vratah sva-priya-nama-kirtya
jatanurago druta-citta uccaih
hasaty atho roditi rauti gayaty
unmada-van nrtyati loka-bahyah
SYNONYMS
evam-vratah -- when one thus engages in a vow to chant and dance; sva --
own; priya -- very dear; nama -- holy name; kirtya -- by chanting; jata -
- in this way develops; anuragah -- attachment; druta-cittah -- very
eagerly; uccaih -- loudly; hasati -- laughs; atho -- also; roditi --
cries; rauti -- becomes agitated; gayati -- chants; unmada-vat -- like a
madman; nrtyati -- dances; loka-bahyah -- without caring for outsiders.
TRANSLATION
"‘When a person is actually advanced and takes pleasure in chanting the
holy name of the Lord, who is very dear to him, he is agitated and
loudly chants the holy name. He also laughs, cries, becomes agitated and
chants like a madman, not caring for outsiders.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.40).
Madhya 25.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
ataeva bhagavata-sutrera ‘artha'-rupa
nija-krta sutrera nija-‘bhasya'-svarupa
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; bhagavata-Srimad-Bhagavatam; sutrera -- of the
Brahma-sutra; artha -- of the meaning; rupa -- the form; nija-krta --
made by himself; sutrera -- of the Vedanta-sutra; nija-bhasya -- of his
own commentary; svarupa -- the original form.
TRANSLATION
"Srimad-Bhagavatam gives the actual meaning of the Vedanta-sutra. The
author of the Vedanta-sutra is Vyasadeva, and he himself has explained
those aphorisms in the form of Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Madhya 25.143–144
TEXTS 143–144
TEXT
artho ‘yam brahma-sutranam
bharatartha-vinirnayah
gayatri-bhasya-rupo ‘sau
vedartha-paribrmhitah
purananam sama-rupah
saksad-bhagavatoditah
dvadasa-skandha-yukto ‘yam
sata-viccheda-samyutah
grantho ‘stadasa-sahasrah
srimad-bhagavatabhidhah
SYNONYMS
arthah ayam -- this is the meaning; brahma-sutranam -- of the aphorisms
of the Vedanta-sutra; bharata-artha-vinirnayah -- the ascertainment of
the Mahabharata; gayatri-bhasya-rupah -- the purport of Brahma-gayatri,
the mother of the Vedic literatures; asau -- that; veda-artha-
paribrmhitah -- expanded by the meanings of all the Vedas; purananam --
of the Puranas; sama-rupah -- the best (like the Sama among the Vedas);
saksat -- directly; bhagavata uditah -- spoken by Vyasadeva, an
incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; dvadasa-skanda-yuktah
-- having twelve cantos; ayam -- this; sata-viccheda-samyutah -- having
335 chapters; granthah -- this great literature; astadasa-sahasrah --
having 18,000 verses; srimad-bhagavata-abhidhah -- named Srimad-
Bhagavatam.
TRANSLATION
"‘The meaning of the Vedanta-sutra is present in Srimad-Bhagavatam. The
full purport of the Mahabharata is also there. The commentary of the
Brahma-gayatri is also there and fully expanded with all Vedic knowledge.
Srimad-Bhagavatam is the supreme Purana, and it was compiled by the
Supreme Personality of Godhead in His incarnation as Vyasadeva. There
are twelve cantos, 335 chapters and eighteen thousand verses.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Garuda Purana.
Madhya 25.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
sarva-vedetihasanam
saram saram samuddhrtam
SYNONYMS
sarva-veda -- of all Vedic literature; itihasanam -- of historical
literature; saram saram -- the essence of the essence; samuddhrtam -- is
collected (in Srimad-Bhagavatam).
TRANSLATION
"‘The essence of all Vedic literature and all histories has been
collected in Srimad-Bhagavatam.'
PURPORT
Srimad-Bhagavatam was collected by the incarnation of God, Vyasadeva,
and it was later taught to his son, Sukadeva Gosvami. This is a
quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.3.41).
Madhya 25.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
sarva-vedanta-saram hi
srimad-bhagavatam isyate
tad-rasamrta-trptasya
nanyatra syad ratih kvacit
SYNONYMS
sarva-vedanta-saram -- the best part of all the Vedanta; hi -- certainly;
srimad-bhagavatam -- the great literature about Bhagavan; isyate -- is
accepted; tat-rasa-amrta -- by the transcendental mellow derived from
that great literature; trptasya -- of one who is satisfied; na -- never;
anyatra -- anywhere else; syat -- is; ratih -- attraction; kvacit -- at
any time.
TRANSLATION
"‘Srimad-Bhagavatam is accepted as the essence of all Vedic literature
and Vedanta philosophy. Whoever tastes the transcendental mellow of
Srimad-Bhagavatam is never attracted to any other literature.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (12.13.15).
Madhya 25.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
gayatrira arthe ei grantha-arambhana
"satyam param"-sambandha, "dhimahi"-sadhana-prayojana
SYNONYMS
gayatrira arthe -- with the meaning of Brahma-gayatri; ei -- this;
grantha -- of the great literature; arambhana -- the beginning; satyam
param -- the supreme Absolute Truth; sambandha -- shows a relationship;
dhimahi -- we meditate (the end of the Gayatri mantra); sadhana-
prayojana -- the execution of service and the achievement of the
ultimate goal.
TRANSLATION
"In the beginning of Srimad-Bhagavatam there is an explanation of the
Brahma-gayatri mantra. ‘The Absolute Truth [satyam param]' indicates the
relationship, and ‘we meditate [dhimahi] on Him' indicates the execution
of devotional service and the ultimate goal of life.
Madhya 25.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
janmady asya yato ‘nvayad itaratas carthesv abhijnah svarat
tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye muhyanti yat surayah
tejo-vari-mrdam yatha vinimayo yatra tri-sargo ‘mrsa
dhamna svena sada nirasta-kuhakam satyam param dhimahi
SYNONYMS
janma-adi -- creation, maintenance and dissolution; asya -- of this (the
universe); yatah -- from whom; anvayat -- directly from the spiritual
connection; itaratah -- indirectly from the lack of material contact; ca
-- also; arthesu -- in all affairs; abhijnah -- perfectly cognizant; sva-
rat -- independent; tene -- imparted; brahma -- the Absolute Truth; hrda
-- through the heart; yah -- who; adi-kavaye -- unto Lord Brahma;
muhyanti -- are bewildered; yat -- in whom; surayah -- great
personalities like Lord Brahma and other demigods or great brahmanas;
tejah-vari-mrdam -- of fire, water and earth; yatha -- as; vinimayah --
the exchange; yatra -- in whom; tri-sargah -- the material creation of
three modes; amrsa -- factual; dhamna -- with the abode; svena -- His
own personal; sada -- always; nirasta-kuhakam -- devoid of all illusion;
satyam -- the truth; param -- absolute; dhimahi -- let us meditate upon.
TRANSLATION
"‘O my Lord, Sri Krsna, son of Vasudeva, O all-pervading Personality of
Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. I meditate upon Lord
Sri Krsna because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all
causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested
universes. He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations,
and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is
He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of
Brahmaji, the original living being. By Him even the great sages and
demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory
representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only
because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the
reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they
are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krsna, who is
eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free
from the illusory representations of the material world. I meditate upon
Him, for He is the Absolute Truth.
PURPORT
This is the opening invocation of Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.1).
Madhya 25.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
dharmah projjhita-kaitavo ‘tra paramo nirmatsaranam satam
vedyam vastavam atra vastu siva-dam tapa-trayonmulanam
srimad-bhagavate maha-muni-krte kim va parair isvarah
sadyo hrdy avarudhyate ‘tra krtibhih susrusubhis tat-ksanat
SYNONYMS
dharmah -- religiosity; projjhita -- completely rejected; kaitavah -- in
which there is fruitive intention; atra -- herein; paramah -- the
highest; nirmatsaranam -- of the one hundred percent pure in heart;
satam -- devotees; vedyam -- to be understood; vastavam -- factual; atra
-- herein; vastu -- substance; siva-dam -- giving well-being; tapa-traya
-- of the threefold miseries; unmulanam -- causing uprooting; srimat --
beautiful; bhagavate -- in the Bhagavata Purana; maha-muni -- by the
great sage (Vyasadeva); krte -- compiled; kim -- what; va -- indeed;
paraih -- with others; isvarah -- the Supreme Lord; sadyah -- at once;
hrdi -- within the heart; avarudhyate -- becomes confined; atra --
herein; krtibhih -- by pious men; susrusubhih -- desiring to hear; tat-
ksanat -- without delay.
TRANSLATION
"‘Completely rejecting all religious activities which are materially
motivated, this Bhagavata Purana propounds the highest truth, which is
understandable by those devotees who are fully pure in heart. The
highest truth is reality distinguished from illusion for the welfare of
all. Such truth uproots the threefold miseries. This beautiful
Bhagavatam, compiled by the great sage Vyasadeva [in his maturity], is
sufficient in itself for God realization. What is the need of any other
scripture? As soon as one attentively and submissively hears the message
of Bhagavatam, by this culture of knowledge the Supreme Lord is
established within his heart.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.2). See also Adi-lila,
Chapter One, text 91.
Madhya 25.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
'krsna-bhakti-rasa-svarupa' sri-bhagavata
tate veda-sastra haite parama mahattva
SYNONYMS
krsna-bhakti -- of devotional service to Krsna; rasa -- of the
transcendental mellow; svarupa -- the very form; sri-bhagavata-Srimad-
Bhagavatam; tate -- therefore; veda-sastra -- the Vedic literature;
haite -- than; parama mahattva -- has greater utility and value.
TRANSLATION
"Srimad-Bhagavatam gives direct information of the mellow derived from
service to Krsna. Therefore Srimad-Bhagavatam is above all other Vedic
literatures.
Madhya 25.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
nigama-kalpa-taror galitam phalam
suka-mukhad amrta-drava-samyutam
pibata bhagavatam rasam alayam
muhur aho rasika bhuvi bhavukah
SYNONYMS
nigama-kalpa-taroh -- of the Vedic literature, which is like a desire
tree; galitam -- completely ripened; phalam -- fruit (which has come
down without being distorted); suka-mukhat -- from the mouth of Sukadeva
Gosvami; amrta -- which is like nectar; drava-samyutam -- mixed with
juice; pibata -- just drink; bhagavatam-Srimad-Bhagavatam; rasam alayam -
- the reservoir of all mellows; muhuh -- constantly; aho -- O; rasikah --
intelligent devotees who relish transcendental humors; bhuvi -- in this
world; bhavukah -- thoughtful.
TRANSLATION
"‘The Srimad-Bhagavatam is the essence of all Vedic literatures, and it
is considered the ripened fruit of the wish-fulfilling tree of Vedic
knowledge. It has been sweetened by emanating from the mouth of Sukadeva
Gosvami. You who are thoughtful and who relish mellows should always try
to taste this ripened fruit. O thoughtful devotees, as long as you are
not absorbed in transcendental bliss, you should continue tasting this
Srimad-Bhagavatam, and when you are fully absorbed in bliss, you should
go on tasting its mellows forever.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.3).
Madhya 25.152
TEXT 152
TEXT
vayam tu na vitrpyama
uttamahsloka-vikrame
yac chrnvatam rasa-jnanam
svadu svadu pade pade
SYNONYMS
vayam tu -- we of course; na -- never; vitrpyamah -- are satisfied;
uttamah-sloka-vikrame -- in the activities and pastimes of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead; yat -- which; srnvatam -- of those hearing; rasa-
jnanam -- who know the taste of mellows; svadu svadu -- more palatable;
pade pade -- in every step.
TRANSLATION
"‘We never tire of hearing the transcendental pastimes of the
Personality of Godhead, who is glorified by hymns and prayers. Those who
enjoy association with Him relish hearing His pastimes at every moment.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.19).
Madhya 25.153
TEXT 153
TEXT
ataeva bhagavata karaha vicara
iha haite pabe sutra-srutira artha-sara
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; bhagavata-Srimad-Bhagavatam; karaha vicara -- try
to understand scrutinizingly; iha haite -- from this; pabe -- you will
get; sutra-srutira -- of the Vedic philosophy, the Brahma-sutra; artha-
sara -- the actual meaning.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu advised Prakasananda Sarasvati, "Study Srimad-
Bhagavatam very scrutinizingly. Then you will understand the actual
meaning of the Brahma-sutra."
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura states that without studying
Srimad-Bhagavatam one cannot understand the purport of the Brahma-sutra (
Vedanta-sutra) or the Upanisads. If one tries to understand Vedanta
philosophy and the Upanisads without studying Srimad-Bhagavatam, one
will be bewildered and, construing a different meaning, will gradually
become an atheist or an impersonalist.
Madhya 25.154
TEXT 154
TEXT
nirantara kara krsna-nama-sankirtana
helaya mukti pabe, pabe prema-dhana
SYNONYMS
nirantara kara -- constantly perform; krsna-nama-sankirtana -- the
chanting of the holy name of Krsna; helaya -- very easily; mukti pabe --
you will get liberation; pabe prema-dhana -- you will achieve the
highest goal, ecstatic love of Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "Always discuss Srimad-Bhagavatam and
constantly chant the holy name of Lord Krsna. In this way you will be
able to attain liberation very easily, and you will be elevated to the
enjoyment of love of Godhead.
Madhya 25.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
brahma-bhutah prasannatma
na socati na kanksati
samah sarvesu bhutesu
mad-bhaktim labhate param
SYNONYMS
brahma-bhutah -- freed from material conceptions of life but attached to
an impersonal situation; prasanna-atma -- fully joyful; na socati -- he
does not lament; na kanksati -- he does not hanker; samah -- equally
disposed; sarvesu -- all; bhutesu -- to the living entities; mat-bhaktim
-- My devotional service; labhate -- achieves; param -- transcendental.
TRANSLATION
"‘One who is thus transcendentally situated at once realizes the Supreme
Brahman and becomes fully joyful. He never laments or desires to have
anything. He is equally disposed toward every living entity. In that
state he attains pure devotional service unto Me.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from the Bhagavad-gita (18.54).
Madhya 25.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
"mukta api lilaya vigraham krtva bhagavantam bhajante"
SYNONYMS
muktah -- liberated; api -- although; lilaya -- by pastimes; vigraham --
the form of the Lord; krtva -- having installed; bhagavantam -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhajante -- worship.
TRANSLATION
"‘Even a liberated soul merged in the impersonal Brahman effulgence is
attracted to the pastimes of Krsna. He thus installs a Deity and renders
the Lord service.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Sankaracarya's commentary on the Nrsimha-tapani
Upanisad.
Madhya 25.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
parinisthito ‘pi nairgunye
uttamahsloka-lilaya
grhita-ceta rajarse
akhyanam yad adhitavan
SYNONYMS
parinisthitah -- situated; api -- although; nairgunye -- in the
transcendental position, freed from the material modes of nature;
uttamah-sloka-lilaya -- by the pastimes of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Uttamahsloka; grhita-cetah -- the mind became fully taken over;
raja-rse -- O great King; akhyanam -- the narration; yat -- which;
adhitavan -- studied.
TRANSLATION
"[Sukadeva Gosvami addressed Pariksit Maharaja:] ‘My dear King, although
I was fully situated in the transcendental position, I was nonetheless
attracted to the pastimes of Lord Krsna. Therefore I studied Srimad-
Bhagavatam from my father.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.1.9).
Madhya 25.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
tasyaravinda-nayanasya padaravinda-
kinjalka-misra-tulasi-makaranda-vayuh
antar-gatah sva-vivarena cakara tesam
sanksobham aksara-jusam api citta-tanvoh
SYNONYMS
tasya -- of Him; aravinda-nayanasya -- of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotus flower; pada-aravinda
-- of the lotus feet; kinjalka -- with saffron; misra -- mixed; tulasi --
of tulasi leaves; makaranda -- with the aroma; vayuh -- the air; antah-
gatah -- entered; sva-vivarena -- through the nostrils; cakara --
created; tesam -- of them; sanksobham -- strong agitation; aksara-jusam -
- of the impersonally self-realized (Kumaras); api -- also; citta-tanvoh
-- of the mind and the body.
TRANSLATION
"‘When the breeze carrying the aroma of tulasi leaves and saffron from
the lotus feet of the lotus-eyed Personality of Godhead entered through
the nostrils into the hearts of those sages [the Kumaras], they
experienced a change in both body and mind, even though they were
attached to the impersonal Brahman understanding.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.15.43). For an explanation
see Madhya-lila, Chapter Seventeen, text 142.
Madhya 25.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
atmaramas ca munayo
nirgrantha apy urukrame
kurvanty ahaitukim bhaktim
ittham-bhuta-guno harih
SYNONYMS
atma-aramah -- persons who take pleasure in being transcendentally
situated in the service of the Lord; ca -- also; munayah -- great
saintly persons who have completely rejected material aspirations,
fruitive activities, and so forth; nirgranthah -- without interest in
any material desire; api -- certainly; urukrame -- unto the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Krsna, whose activities are wonderful; kurvanti -
- do; ahaitukim -- causeless, or without material desires; bhaktim --
devotional service; ittham-bhuta -- so wonderful as to attract the
attention of the self-satisfied; gunah -- who has transcendental
qualities; harih -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"‘Those who are self-satisfied and unattracted by external material
desires are also attracted to the loving service of Sri Krsna, whose
qualities are transcendental and whose activities are wonderful. Hari,
the Personality of Godhead, is called Krsna because He has such
transcendentally attractive features.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.7.10). For an explanation,
see Madhya-lila, Chapter 24.
Madhya 25.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
hena-kale sei maharastriya brahmana
sabhate kahila sei sloka-vivarana
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; sei -- that; maharastriya brahmana -- the
brahmana of Maharashtra province; sabhate -- in the meeting; kahila --
declared; sei -- that; sloka-vivarana -- the description of the atmarama-
sloka explained by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
At this time the brahmana from the province of Maharashtra mentioned
Lord Caitanya's explanation of the atmarama verse.
Madhya 25.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
ei slokera artha prabhu ‘ekasasti' prakara
kariyachena, yaha suni' loke camatkara
SYNONYMS
ei slokera artha -- the meanings of this verse; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; eka-sasti prakara -- sixty-one varieties; kariyachena -- has
done; yaha suni' -- hearing which; loke camatkara -- everyone is
astonished.
TRANSLATION
The Maharashtriyan brahmana stated that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had
already explained that verse in sixty-one ways. Everyone was astonished
to hear this.
Madhya 25.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
tabe saba loka sunite agraha karila
'ekasasti' artha prabhu vivari' kahila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- then; saba loka -- all the people gathered there; sunite -- to
hear; agraha karila -- expressed their eagerness; eka-sasti artha --
sixty-one different meanings of the verse; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; vivari' -- elaborately; kahila -- explained.
TRANSLATION
When all the people gathered there expressed the desire to hear again
the sixty-one different meanings of the atmarama-sloka, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu again explained them.
Madhya 25.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
suniya lokera bada camatkara haila
caitanya-gosani-‘sri-krsna', nirdharila
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; lokera -- of all the people; bada -- very great;
camatkara -- wonder; haila -- there was; caitanya-gosani -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; sri-krsna -- personally Lord Krsna; nirdharila -- they
concluded.
TRANSLATION
When everyone heard Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's explanation of the
atmarama-sloka, everyone was astonished and struck with wonder. They
concluded that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was none other than Lord Krsna
Himself.
Madhya 25.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
eta kahi' uthiya calila gaurahari
namaskara kare loka hari-dhvani kari
SYNONYMS
eta kahi' -- after speaking that; uthiya -- standing; calila -- began to
walk; gaurahari -- Sri Gaurasundara, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; namaskara
kare loka -- all the people offered their obeisances; hari-dhvani kari --
loudly chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra.
TRANSLATION
After giving those explanations again, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arose and
took His leave. All the people there offered their obeisances unto Him
and chanted the maha-mantra.
Madhya 25.165
TEXT 165
TEXT
saba kasi-vasi kare nama-sankirtana
preme hase, kande, gaya, karaye nartana
SYNONYMS
saba kasi-vasi -- all the inhabitants of Kasi (Varanasi); kare --
performed; nama-sankirtana -- chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra; preme --
in ecstatic love of Godhead; hase -- they laughed; kande -- they cried;
gaya -- chanted; karaye nartana -- and danced.
TRANSLATION
All the inhabitants of Kasi [Varanasi] began chanting the Hare Krsna
maha-mantra in ecstatic love. Sometimes they laughed, sometimes they
cried, sometimes they chanted, and sometimes they danced.
Madhya 25.166
TEXT 166
TEXT
sannyasi pandita kare bhagavata vicara
varanasi-pura prabhu karila nistara
SYNONYMS
sannyasi -- the Mayavadi sannyasis; pandita -- the learned scholars;
kare -- do; bhagavata vicara -- discussion on Srimad-Bhagavatam;
varanasi-pura -- the city known as Varanasi; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; karila nistara -- delivered.
TRANSLATION
After this, all the Mayavadi sannyasis and learned scholars at Varanasi
began discussing Srimad-Bhagavatam. In this way Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
delivered them.
Madhya 25.167
TEXT 167
TEXT
nija-loka lana prabhu aila vasaghara
varanasi haila dvitiya nadiya-nagara
SYNONYMS
nija-loka lana -- with His personal associates; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; aila vasa-aghara -- came to His residential place; varanasi -
- the city of Varanasi; haila -- became; dvitiya -- second; nadiya-
nagara -- Navadvipa (Nadia).
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then returned to His residence with His personal
associates. Thus He turned the whole city of Varanasi into another
Navadvipa [Nadiya-nagara].
PURPORT
Both Navadvipa and Varanasi were celebrated for their highly educational
activities. At the present time these cities are still inhabited by
great, learned scholars, but Varanasi is especially a center for
Mayavadi sannyasis who are learned scholars. However, unlike Navadvipa,
there are hardly any devotees in Varanasi. Consequently a discussion of
Srimad-Bhagavatam was very rare in Varanasi. In Navadvipa, such a
discussion was quite ordinary. After Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited
Varanasi and turned Prakasananda Sarasvati and his disciples into
Vaisnavas, Varanasi became like Navadvipa because so many devotees began
discussing Srimad-Bhagavatam. Even at the present moment one can hear
many discussions on Srimad-Bhagavatam taking place on the banks of the
Ganges. Many scholars and sannyasis gather there to hear Srimad-
Bhagavatam and perform sankirtana.
Madhya 25.168
TEXT 168
TEXT
nija-gana lana prabhu kahe hasya kari'
kasite ami ailana vecite bhavakali
SYNONYMS
nija-gana lana -- with His personal associates; prabhu kahe -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; hasya kari' -- laughingly; kasite -- in Kasi;
ami ailana -- I came; vecite -- to sell; bhavakali -- emotional ecstatic
love.
TRANSLATION
Among His own associates, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu laughingly said, "I
came here to sell My emotional ecstatic love.
Madhya 25.169
TEXT 169
TEXT
kasite grahaka nahi, vastu na vikaya
punarapi dese vahi' laoya nahi yaya
SYNONYMS
kasite -- in Kasi (Benares); grahaka nahi -- there was no customer;
vastu na vikaya -- it was not selling; punarapi -- again; dese -- to My
own country; vahi' -- carrying (it); laoya -- to take; nahi yaya -- was
not possible.
TRANSLATION
"Although I came to Varanasi to sell My goods, there were no customers,
and it appeared necessary for Me to carry them back to My own country.
Madhya 25.170
TEXT 170
TEXT
ami bojha vahimu, toma-sabara duhkha haila
toma-sabara icchaya vina-mulye bilaila
SYNONYMS
ami -- I; bojha -- burden; vahimu -- shall carry; toma-sabara duhkha
haila -- all of you became very unhappy; toma-sabara icchaya -- only by
your will; vina-mulye bilaila -- I distributed without a price.
TRANSLATION
"All of you were feeling unhappy that no one was purchasing My goods and
that I would have to carry them away. Therefore, by your will only, I
have distributed them without charging."
PURPORT
When we began distributing the message of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in the
Western countries, a similar thing happened. In the beginning we were
very much disappointed for at least one year because no one came forth
to help this movement, but by the grace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, some
young boys joined this movement in 1966. Of course we distributed Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's message of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra without
bargaining or selling. As a result, this movement has spread all over
the world, with the assistance of European and American boys and girls.
We therefore pray for all the blessings of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu upon
all the devotees in the Western world who are spreading this movement.
Madhya 25.171
TEXT 171
TEXT
sabe kahe, -- loka tarite tomara avatara
'purva' ‘daksina' ‘pascima' karila nistara
SYNONYMS
sabe kahe -- everyone says; loka tarite -- to deliver the fallen souls;
tomara avatara -- Your incarnation; purva -- east; daksina -- south;
pascima -- west; karila nistara -- You have delivered.
TRANSLATION
All the Lord's devotees then said, "You have incarnated to deliver
fallen souls. You have delivered them in the east and in the south, and
now you are delivering them in the west.
Madhya 25.172
TEXT 172
TEXT
'eka' varanasi chila tomate vimukha
taha nistariya kaila ama-sabara sukha
SYNONYMS
eka -- one; varanasi -- the city of Varanasi; chila -- remained; tomate
vimukha -- against Your missionary activities; taha -- that; nistariya --
delivering; kaila -- have done; ama-sabara -- of all of us; sukha --
awakening of happiness.
TRANSLATION
"Only Varanasi was left because the people there were against Your
missionary activities. Now You have delivered them, and we are all very
happy."
Madhya 25.173
TEXT 173
TEXT
varanasi-grame yadi kolahala haila
suni' grami desi loka asite lagila
SYNONYMS
varanasi-grame -- in the city of Varanasi; yadi -- when; kolahala haila -
- there was broadcasting of this news; suni' -- hearing; grami -- from
the villages; desi -- from the towns; loka asite lagila -- people began
to pour in.
TRANSLATION
After the news of these events was broadcast, everyone from the
surrounding neighborhoods began to pour in to see Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.174
TEXT 174
TEXT
laksa koti loka aise, nahika ganana
sankirna-sthane prabhura na paya darasana
SYNONYMS
laksa koti -- hundreds of thousands; loka -- people; aise -- come;
nahika ganana -- there was no counting; sankirna-sthane -- in a small
place; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; na paya darasana -- could
not see.
TRANSLATION
Hundreds of thousands of people came to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
There was no counting the number. Because the Lord's residence was very
small, not everyone could see Him.
Madhya 25.175
TEXT 175
TEXT
prabhu yabe snane yana visvesvara-darasane
dui-dike loka kare prabhu-vilokane
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yabe -- when; snane yana -- goes to
bathe; visvesvara-darasane -- or to see the Deity of Lord Visvesvara;
dui-dike -- on two sides; loka -- all the people; kare -- do; prabhu-
vilokane -- seeing of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to take His bath in the Ganges and to
see the temple of Visvesvara, people would line up on both sides to see
the Lord.
Madhya 25.176
TEXT 176
TEXT
bahu tuli' prabhu kahe-bala ‘krsna' ‘hari'
dandavat kare loke hari-dhvani kari'
SYNONYMS
bahu tuli' -- raising His two arms; prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu says; bala -- please say; krsna hari-"Krsna," "Hari";
dandavat kare -- offer their respects; loke -- the people; hari-dhvani
kari' -- loudly chanting the name of Hari.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed by the people, He would raise His
arms and say, "Please chant Krsna! Please chant Hari!" All the people
received Him by chanting Hare Krsna, and they offered their respects to
Him by this chanting.
Madhya 25.177
TEXT 177
TEXT
ei-mata dina panca loka nistariya
ara dina calila prabhu udvigna hana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; dina panca -- five days; loka -- the people;
nistariya -- delivering; ara dina -- on the next day; calila -- departed;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; udvigna hana -- being very eager.
TRANSLATION
In this way, for five days Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu delivered the people
of Varanasi. Finally, on the next day, He became very eager to leave.
Madhya 25.178
TEXT 178
TEXT
ratre uthi' prabhu yadi karila gamana
pache lag la-ila tabe bhakta panca jana
SYNONYMS
ratre uthi' -- rising at night; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yadi -
- when; karila gamana -- departed; pache -- behind Him; lag la-ila --
began to follow; tabe -- then; bhakta panca jana -- five devotees.
TRANSLATION
After rising very early on the sixth day, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
started to leave, and five devotees began to follow Him.
Madhya 25.179
TEXT 179
TEXT
tapana misra, raghunatha, maharastriya brahmana
candrasekhara, kirtaniya-paramananda,-panca jana
SYNONYMS
tapana misra -- Tapana Misra; raghunatha -- Raghunatha; maharastriya
brahmana -- the Maharashtriyan brahmana; candrasekhara -- Candrasekhara;
kirtaniya-paramananda -- Paramananda, who used to perform kirtana; panca
jana -- these five persons.
TRANSLATION
These five devotees were Tapana Misra, Raghunatha, the Maharashtriyan
brahmana, Candrasekhara and Paramananda Kirtaniya.
Madhya 25.180
TEXT 180
TEXT
sabe cahe prabhu-sange nilacala yaite
sabare vidaya dila prabhu yatna-sahite
SYNONYMS
sabe cahe -- every one of them wanted; prabhu-sange -- with Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; nilacala yaite -- to go to Jagannatha Puri; sabare -- to all
of them; vidaya dila -- bade farewell; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
yatna-sahite -- with great attention.
TRANSLATION
These five wanted to accompany Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to Jagannatha
Puri, but the Lord attentively bade them farewell.
Madhya 25.181
TEXT 181
TEXT
"yanra iccha, pache aisa amare dekhite
ebe ami eka yamu jharikhanda-pathe"
SYNONYMS
yanra -- of one who; iccha -- there is a desire; pache -- later; aisa --
you may come; amare dekhite -- to see Me; ebe -- but at this time; ami --
I; eka -- alone; yamu -- shall go; jharikhanda-pathe -- through the
forest known as Jharikhanda.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "If you want to see Me, you may come later,
but for the time being I shall go alone through the Jharikhanda forest."
Madhya 25.182
TEXT 182
TEXT
sanatane kahila, -- tumi yaha' vrndavana
tomara dui bhai tatha kariyache gamana
SYNONYMS
sanatane kahila -- He advised Sanatana Gosvami; tumi -- you; yaha'
vrndavana -- go to Vrndavana; tomara -- your; dui bhai -- two brothers;
tatha -- there; kariyache gamana -- have already gone.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu advised Sanatana Gosvami to proceed toward
Vrndavana, and He informed him that his two brothers had already gone
there.
Madhya 25.183
TEXT 183
TEXT
kantha-karangiya mora kangala bhakta-gana
vrndavane aile tandera kariha palana
SYNONYMS
kantha -- torn quilt; karangiya -- a small waterpot; mora -- My; kangala
-- poor; bhakta-gana -- devotees; vrndavane aile -- when they come to
Vrndavana; tandera -- of all of them; kariha palana -- take care.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu told Sanatana Gosvami, "All My devotees who go
to Vrndavana are generally very poor. They each have nothing with them
but a torn quilt and a small waterpot. Therefore, Sanatana, you should
give them shelter and maintain them."
PURPORT
Following in the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we have
constructed temples in both Vrndavana and Mayapur, Navadvipa, just to
give shelter to the foreign devotees coming from Europe and America.
Since the Hare Krsna movement started, many Europeans and Americans have
been visiting Vrndavana, but they have not been properly received by any
asrama or temple there. It is the purpose of the International Society
for Krishna Consciousness to give them shelter and train them in
devotional service. There are also many tourists eager to come to India
to understand India's spiritual life, and the devotees in our temples
both in Vrndavana and in Navadvipa should make arrangements to
accommodate them as far as possible.
Madhya 25.184
TEXT 184
TEXT
eta bali' calila prabhu saba alingiya
sabei padila tatha murcchita hana
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; calila -- began to proceed; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; saba -- all of them; alingiya -- embracing; sabei --
all of them; padila -- fell down; tatha -- there; murcchita hana --
fainting.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced them all and began
to proceed on His way, and they all fainted and fell down.
Madhya 25.185
TEXT 185
TEXT
kata-ksane uthi' sabe duhkhe ghare aila
sanatana-gosani vrndavanere calila
SYNONYMS
kata-ksane -- after some time; uthi' -- rising; sabe -- all of them;
duhkhe -- in great unhappiness; ghare aila -- returned to their homes;
sanatana-gosani -- Sanatana Gosvami; vrndavanere calila -- proceeded
toward Vrndavana.
TRANSLATION
After some time, all the devotees got up and returned to their homes
very much grief-stricken. Sanatana Gosvami proceeded toward Vrndavana
alone.
Madhya 25.186
TEXT 186
TEXT
etha rupa-gosani yabe mathura aila
dhruva-ghate tanre subuddhi-raya milila
SYNONYMS
etha -- there; rupa-gosani -- Rupa Gosani; yabe -- when; mathura aila --
came to Mathura; dhruva-ghate -- at the bank of the Yamuna known as
Dhruva-ghata; tanre -- him; subuddhi-raya -- a devotee of Lord Caitanya
named Subuddhi Raya; milila -- met.
TRANSLATION
When Rupa Gosvami reached Mathura, he met Subuddhi Raya on the banks of
the Yamuna, at a place called Dhruva-ghata.
Madhya 25.187
TEXT 187
TEXT
purve yabe subuddhi-raya chila gaude ‘adhikari'
husena-khan ‘saiyada' kare tahara cakari
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; yabe -- when; subuddhi-raya -- Subuddhi Raya; chila --
resided; gaude -- in Bengal; adhikari -- a very respectable man; husena-
khan -- Nawab Hussain Khan; saiyada -- named Saiyada; kare -- performed;
tahara cakari -- service of Subuddhi Raya.
TRANSLATION
Formerly Subuddhi Raya had been a big landholder in Gauda-desa [Bengal].
Saiyada Hussain Khan was then a servant of Subuddhi Raya.
Madhya 25.188
TEXT 188
TEXT
dighi khodaite tare ‘munsipha' kaila
chidra pana raya tare cabuka marila
SYNONYMS
dighi khodaite -- to dig a big lake; tare -- Hussain Khan; munsipha
kaila -- appointed as the supervisor; chidra pana -- finding some fault;
raya -- Subuddhi Raya; tare -- him; cabuka marila -- whipped.
TRANSLATION
Subuddhi Raya put Hussain Khan in charge of digging a big lake, but once,
finding fault with him, he struck him with a whip.
Madhya 25.189
TEXT 189
TEXT
pache yabe husena-khan gaude ‘raja' ha-ila
subuddhi-rayere tinho bahu badaila
SYNONYMS
pache -- later; yabe -- when; husena-khan -- Hussain Khan; gaude -- in
Bengal; raja ha-ila -- was appointed Nawab, or governor, by the central
Muslim government; subuddhi-rayere -- unto Subuddhi Raya; tinho -- he;
bahu badaila -- increased the opulences.
TRANSLATION
Later Hussain Khan somehow or other was appointed Nawab by the central
Muslim government. As a matter of obligation, he increased the opulences
of Subuddhi Raya.
Madhya 25.190
TEXT 190
TEXT
tara stri tara ange dekhe maranera cihne
subuddhi-rayere marite kahe raja-sthane
SYNONYMS
tara stri -- his wife; tara ange -- on his body; dekhe -- sees; maranera
cihne -- the mark of the whip; subuddhi-rayere -- Subuddhi Raya; marite -
- to kill; kahe -- says; raja-sthane -- in the presence of the King.
TRANSLATION
Later, when the wife of Nawab Saiyada Hussain Khan saw the whip marks on
his body, she requested him to kill Subuddhi Raya.
Madhya 25.191
TEXT 191
TEXT
raja kahe, -- amara posta raya haya ‘pita'
tahare marimu ami,-bhala nahe katha
SYNONYMS
raja kahe -- the King said; amara -- my; posta -- maintainer; raya --
Subuddhi Raya; haya -- is; pita -- just like my father; tahare marimu --
shall kill him; ami -- I; bhala nahe katha -- this is not a good
proposal.
TRANSLATION
Hussain Khan replied, "Subuddhi Raya has maintained me very carefully.
He was just like a father to me," he said. "Now you are asking me to
kill him. This is not a very good proposal."
Madhya 25.192
TEXT 192
TEXT
stri kahe, -- jati laha', yadi prane na maribe
raja kahe, -- jati nile inho nahi jibe
SYNONYMS
stri kahe -- the wife replied; jati laha' -- then take his caste; yadi --
if; prane na maribe -- you will not kill him; raja kahe -- the King
replied; jati nile -- if I take his caste; inho nahi jibe -- he will not
live (he will commit suicide).
TRANSLATION
As a last alternative, the wife suggested that the Nawab take away
Subuddhi Raya's caste and turn him into a Muslim, but Hussain Khan
replied that if he did this, Subuddhi Raya would not live.
Madhya 25.193
TEXT 193
TEXT
stri marite cahe, raja sankate padila
karonyara pani tara mukhe deoyaila
SYNONYMS
stri -- the wife; marite cahe -- wants to kill Subuddhi Raya; raja --
the King; sankate padila -- became very much perplexed; karonyara pani --
water from a pitcher especially used by Muslims; tara mukhe -- on his
head; deoyaila -- forced to be sprinkled.
TRANSLATION
This became a perplexing problem for him because his wife kept
requesting him to kill Subuddhi Raya. Finally the Nawab sprinkled a
little water on Subuddhi Raya's head from a pitcher that had been used
by a Muslim.
PURPORT
Five hundred years ago in India, the Hindus were so rigid and strict
that if a Muslim would sprinkle a little water from his pitcher upon a
Hindu, the Hindu would be immediately ostracized. Recently, in 1947,
during the partition days, there was a big riot between Hindus and
Muslims, especially in Bengal. The Hindus were forcibly made to eat cow'
s flesh, and consequently they began crying, thinking that they had
become Muslims. Actually the Muslims in India did not come from the
country of the Muslims, but Hindus instituted the custom that somehow or
other if one contacted a Muslim, he became a Muslim. Rupa and
Sanatana Gosvami were born in a high brahmana family, but because they
accepted employment under a Muslim government, they were considered
Muslims. Subuddhi Raya was sprinkled with water from the pitcher of a
Muslim, and consequently he was condemned to have become a Muslim. Later,
Aurangzeb, the Muslim emperor, introduced a tax especially meant for
Hindus. Being oppressed in the Hindu community, many low-caste Hindus
preferred to become Muslims. In this way the Muslim population increased.
Later the British government made it a policy to divide the Hindus and
the Muslims, and thus they maintained ill feelings between them. The
result was that India was divided into Pakistan and Hindustan.
From early histories it appears that the entire earth was under one
culture, Vedic culture, but gradually, due to religious and cultural
divisions, the rule fragmented into many subdivisions. Now the earth is
divided into many countries, religions and political parties. Despite
these political and religious divisions, we advocate that everyone
should unite again under one culture -- Krsna consciousness. People
should accept one God, Krsna; one scripture, the Bhagavad-gita; and one
activity, devotional service to the Lord. Thus people may live happily
upon this earth and combine to produce sufficient food. In such a
society, there would be no question of scarcity, famine or cultural or
religious degradation. So-called caste systems and national divisions
are artificial. According to our Vaisnava philosophy, these are all
external bodily designations. The Krsna consciousness movement is not
based upon bodily designations. It is a transcendental movement on the
platform of spiritual understanding. If the people of the world
understood that the basic principle of life is spiritual identification,
they would understand that the business of the spirit soul is to serve
the Supreme Spirit, Krsna. As Lord Krsna says in the Bhagavad-gita (15.7)
, mamaivamso jiva-loke jiva-bhutah sanatanah: "The living entities in
this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts." All living
entities in different life forms are sons of Krsna. Therefore they are
all meant to serve Krsna, the original supreme father. If this
philosophy is accepted, the failure of the United Nations to unite all
nations will be sufficiently compensated all over the world by a great
Krsna consciousness movement. Recently we had talks with Christian
leaders in Australia, including the Catholic Bishop of Melbourne, and
everyone there was pleased with our philosophy of oneness in religious
consciousness.
Madhya 25.194
TEXT 194
TEXT
tabe subuddhi-raya sei ‘chadma' pana
varanasi aila, saba visaya chadiya
SYNONYMS
tabe -- upon this; subuddhi-raya -- Subuddhi Raya; sei -- that; chadma --
plea; pana -- getting an opportunity; varanasi aila -- came to Varanasi;
saba -- all; visaya chadiya -- giving up the implications of material
activities.
TRANSLATION
Taking the Nawab's sprinkling water upon him as an opportunity, Subuddhi
Raya left his family and business affairs and went to Varanasi.
PURPORT
It appears that Subuddhi Raya was a big landholder and a responsible,
respectable gentleman. He could not, however, avoid the social
misconception that one becomes a Muslim when water is sprinkled on one's
face from a Muslim's pitcher. Actually he was planning to give up his
material life and leave his family. Hindu culture recommends four
divisions -- brahmacarya, grhastha, vanaprastha and sannyasa. Subuddhi
Raya was thinking of taking sannyasa, and by the grace of Krsna, he
received this opportunity. He therefore left his family and went to
Varanasi. The system of varnasrama-dharma is very scientific. If one is
directed by the varnasrama institution, he will naturally think of
retiring from family life at the end of his life. Therefore sannyasa is
compulsory at the age of fifty.
Madhya 25.195
TEXT 195
TEXT
prayascitta puchila tinho panditera gane
tanra kahe, -- tapta-ghrta khana chada' prane
SYNONYMS
prayascitta -- atonement; puchila -- inquired; tinho -- he; panditera
gane -- among the learned scholars or brahmana-panditas in Varanasi;
tanra kahe -- they advised; tapta-ghrta -- hot clarified butter; khana --
drinking; chada' -- give up; prane -- your life.
TRANSLATION
When Subuddhi Raya consulted the learned brahmanas at Varanasi, asking
them how his conversion to Islam could be counteracted, they advised him
to drink hot ghee and give up his life.
Madhya 25.196
TEXT 196
TEXT
keha kahe, -- ei nahe, ‘alpa' dosa haya
suniya rahila raya kariya samsaya
SYNONYMS
keha kahe -- some of the learned brahmanas said; ei -- this; nahe -- not;
alpa -- insignificant; dosa -- fault; haya -- is; suniya -- hearing;
rahila -- remained; raya -- Subuddhi Raya; kariya -- making; samsaya --
doubt.
TRANSLATION
When Subuddhi Raya consulted some other brahmanas, they told him that he
had not committed a grievous fault and that consequently he should not
drink hot ghee and give up his life. As a result, Subuddhi Raya was
doubtful about what to do.
PURPORT
This is another instance of Hindu custom. One brahmana would give advice
condoning a particular fault, and another would give advice to the
contrary. Typically, lawyers and physicians differ, giving one kind of
instruction and then another. Due to the brahmanas' different opinions,
Subuddhi Raya became further perplexed. He did not know what to do or
what not to do.
Madhya 25.197
TEXT 197
TEXT
tabe yadi mahaprabhu varanasi aila
tanre mili' raya apana-vrttanta kahila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- at this moment; yadi -- when; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; varanasi aila -- came to Varanasi; tanre mili' -- meeting
Him; raya -- Subuddhi Raya; apana-vrttanta kahila -- explained his
personal situation.
TRANSLATION
In his state of perplexity, Subuddhi Raya met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
when the Lord was at Varanasi. Subuddhi Raya explained his position and
asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu what he should do.
Madhya 25.198
TEXT 198
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- ihan haite yaha' vrndavana
nirantara kara krsna-nama-sankirtana
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- the Lord advised; ihan haite -- from this place; yaha'
vrndavana -- go to Vrndavana; nirantara -- incessantly; kara -- perform;
krsna-nama-sankirtana -- chanting of the holy name of Krsna.
TRANSLATION
The Lord advised him, "Go to Vrndavana and chant the Hare Krsna mantra
constantly."
PURPORT
This is a solution to all sinful activities. In this Age of Kali
everyone is perplexed by so many inconveniences -- social, political and
religious -- and naturally no one is happy. Due to the contamination of
this age, everyone has a very short life. There are many fools and
rascals who advise people to adopt this way of life or that way of life,
but real liberation from life's perplexities means preparation for the
next life. Tatha dehantara-praptir dhiras tatra na muhyati [Bg. 2.13].
One should be situated in his spiritual identity and return home, back
to Godhead. The simplest method for this is recommended herein by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. We should constantly chant the holy names of the
Lord, the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. Following in the footsteps of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Krsna consciousness movement is recommending
this process all over the world. We are saying, "Chant the Hare Krsna
maha-mantra, be freed from all the complexities of life, and realize
Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Engage in His devotional
service and perfect your life so that you can return home, back to
Godhead."
Madhya 25.199
TEXT 199
TEXT
eka ‘namabhase' tomara papa-dosa yabe
ara ‘nama' la-ite krsna-carana paibe
SYNONYMS
eka -- one; nama-abhase -- by a reflection of the pure chanting of the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra; tomara -- your; papa-dosa yabe -- all the sinful
reactions will go away; ara -- then again; nama la-ite -- after chanting
purely the name of the Lord; krsna-carana paibe -- you will get shelter
at the lotus feet of Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu further advised Subuddhi Raya: "Begin chanting
the Hare Krsna mantra, and when your chanting is almost pure, all your
sinful reactions will go away. After you chant perfectly, you will get
shelter at the lotus feet of Krsna.
PURPORT
The ten kinds of offenses should be considered. In the beginning, when
one is initiated into the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, there
are naturally many offenses. Therefore the devotee should very carefully
try to avoid these offenses and chant purely. This does not mean that
the Hare Krsna maha-mantra is sometimes pure and sometimes impure.
Rather, the chanter is impure due to material contamination. He has to
purify himself so that the holy names will be perfectly effective.
Chanting the holy name of the Lord inoffensively will help one get
immediate shelter at Krsna's lotus feet. This means that by chanting
purely, one will immediately be situated on the transcendental platform.
We should note, however, that according to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
instructions, one should not wait to purify himself before chanting the
Hare Krsna mantra. Whatever our condition may be, we should begin
chanting immediately. By the power of the Hare Krsna mantra, we will
gradually be relieved from all material contamination and will get
shelter at the lotus feet of Krsna, the ultimate goal of life.
Madhya 25.200
TEXT 200
TEXT
ara krsna-nama laite krsna-sthane sthiti
maha-patakera haya ei prayascitti
SYNONYMS
ara -- further; krsna-nama -- the Hare Krsna maha-mantra; laite --
continuously chanting; krsna-sthane sthiti -- being situated in company
with Lord Krsna; maha-patakera -- of all kinds of sinful activity; haya -
- is; ei -- this; prayascitti -- atonement.
TRANSLATION
"When you are situated at the lotus feet of Krsna, no sinful reaction
can touch you. This is the best solution to all sinful activity."
Madhya 25.201
TEXT 201
TEXT
pana ajna raya vrndavanere calila
prayaga, ayodhya diya naimisaranye aila
SYNONYMS
pana ajna -- getting this order; raya -- Subuddhi Raya; vrndavanere
calila -- went toward Vrndavana; prayaga -- Allahabad; ayodhya --
Ayodhya (the kingdom of Lord Ramacandra); diya -- through; naimisaranye
aila -- came to Naimisaranya (a place near Lucknow).
TRANSLATION
Thus receiving the order from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to go to Vrndavana,
Subuddhi Raya left Varanasi and went through Prayaga, Ayodhya and
Naimisaranya toward Vrndavana.
Madhya 25.202
TEXT 202
TEXT
kataka divasa raya naimisaranye rahila
prabhu vrndavana haite prayaga yaila
SYNONYMS
kataka divasa -- a few days; raya -- Subuddhi Raya; naimisaranye rahila -
- stayed at Naimisaranya; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vrndavana
haite -- from Vrndavana; prayaga -- to Allahabad; yaila -- went.
TRANSLATION
Subuddhi Raya stayed for some time at Naimisaranya. During that time,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to Prayaga after visiting Vrndavana.
Madhya 25.203
TEXT 203
TEXT
mathura asiya raya prabhu-varta paila
prabhura laga na pana mane bada duhkha haila
SYNONYMS
mathura asiya -- when he came to Mathura; raya -- Subuddhi Raya; prabhu-
varta paila -- got information of the Lord's itinerary; prabhura -- of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; laga -- contact; na pana -- not getting; mane -
- in the mind; bada -- very great; duhkha -- unhappiness; haila -- there
was.
TRANSLATION
After reaching Mathura, Subuddhi Raya received information of the Lord's
itinerary. He became very unhappy because he was not able to contact the
Lord.
Madhya 25.204
TEXT 204
TEXT
suska-kastha ani' raya vece mathurate
panca chaya paisa haya eka eka bojhate
SYNONYMS
suska-kastha ani' -- collecting dry wood from the forest; raya --
Subuddhi Raya; vece -- sells; mathurate -- at Mathura; panca chaya --
five or six; paisa -- paise; haya -- are; eka eka bojhate -- in exchange
for each load of dry wood.
TRANSLATION
Subuddhi Raya would collect dry wood in the forest and take it to the
city of Mathura to sell. For each load he would receive five or six
paise.
Madhya 25.205
TEXT 205
TEXT
apane rahe eka paisara cana cabaiya
ara paisa baniya-sthane rakhena dhariya
SYNONYMS
apane -- personally; rahe -- lives; eka paisara -- of one paisa's worth;
cana -- fried chick-peas; cabaiya -- chewing; ara -- the balance; paisa -
- four or five paise; baniya-sthane -- in the custody of a merchant;
rakhena -- keeps; dhariya -- depositing.
TRANSLATION
Earning his livelihood by selling dry wood, Subuddhi Raya would live on
only one paisa's worth of fried chick-peas, and he would deposit
whatever other paise he had with some merchant.
PURPORT
In those days there was no banking system like the one now found in
Western countries. If one had excess money, he would deposit it with
some merchant, usually a grocer. That was the banking system. Subuddhi
Raya would deposit his extra money with a mercantile man and spend it
when necessary. When one is in the renounced order, saving money is not
recommended. However, if one saves money for the service of the Lord or
a Vaisnava, that is accepted. These are the dealings of Subuddhi Raya,
who is one of the confidential devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Srila Rupa Gosvami also followed this principle by spending fifty
percent of his money in order to serve Krsna through brahmanas and
Vaisnavas. He gave twenty-five percent of his money to relatives, and
twenty-five percent he deposited in the custody of a merchant. These are
the approved methods recommended in the Caitanya-caritamrta. Whether in
the renounced order or in the grhastha order, a Vaisnava should follow
these principles set forth by the previous acaryas.
Madhya 25.206
TEXT 206
TEXT
duhkhi vaisnava dekhi' tanre karana bhojana
gaudiya aile dadhi, bhata, taila-mardana
SYNONYMS
duhkhi vaisnava -- a poverty-stricken Vaisnava; dekhi' -- seeing; tanre -
- to him; karana bhojana -- gives food for eating; gaudiya aile -- when
a Bengali Vaisnava came to Mathura; dadhi -- yogurt; bhata -- cooked
rice; taila-mardana -- massaging mustard oil on the body.
TRANSLATION
Subuddhi Raya used to spend his savings to supply yogurt to Bengali
Vaisnavas who came to Mathura. He also gave them cooked rice and oil
massages. When he saw a poverty-stricken Vaisnava, he would use his
money to feed him.
PURPORT
There is a special reference for the maintenance of Bengali Vaisnavas. A
Gaudiya Vaisnava is a Bengali Vaisnava. Most of the devotees of Lord
Caitanya at that time were Gaudiyas and Oriyas, inhabitants of Bengal
and Orissa. There are still many hundreds of thousands of His followers
in Bengal and Orissa. Bengalis are habituated to eating cooked rice as
their staple food. When they went to Mathura in the north, they found
that the people generally ate capatis or rotis made of wheat. The
Bengalis could not digest this food because they were used to cooked
rice. Therefore as soon as Subuddhi Raya saw a Bengali Vaisnava arriving
in Mathura, he would try to supply him with cooked rice. Bengalis are
also accustomed to taking a massage with mustard oil. In any case,
Subuddhi Raya wanted to serve the Vaisnavas according to their needs.
Therefore he would supply yogurt to ease the digestion of food eaten in
Mathura, particularly the capatis and rotis made with wheat.
Madhya 25.207
TEXT 207
TEXT
rupa-gosani, aile tanre bahu priti kaila
apana-sange lana ‘dvadasa vana' dekhaila
SYNONYMS
rupa-gosani -- Rupa Gosani; aile -- when he came to Mathura; tanre --
unto him; bahu -- much; priti -- love; kaila -- showed; apana-sange lana
-- taking Rupa Gosvami personally with him; dvadasa vana -- the twelve
forests of Vrndavana; dekhaila -- showed.
TRANSLATION
When Rupa Gosvami arrived at Mathura, Subuddhi Raya, out of love and
affection for him, wanted to serve him in so many ways. He personally
took Rupa Gosvami to see all the twelve forests of Vrndavana.
PURPORT
Srila Rupa Gosvami had been a minister in the government of Hussain Shah,
and Subuddhi Raya was also known to Hussain Shah because, as a boy, the
Shah had been Subuddhi Raya's servant. It appears that Subuddhi Raya was
elderly, yet while he was living in Mathura he showed Rupa Gosvami the
twelve forests of Vrndavana.
Madhya 25.208
TEXT 208
TEXT
masa-matra rupa-gosani rahila vrndavane
sighra cali' aila sanatananusandhane
SYNONYMS
masa-matra -- only one month; rupa-gosani -- Rupa Gosani; rahila --
remained; vrndavane -- at Vrndavana; sighra -- very soon; cali' aila --
returned; sanatana-anusandhane -- to search for Sanatana Gosvami.
TRANSLATION
Rupa Gosvami remained in Mathura and Vrndavana for one month in the
association of Subuddhi Raya. After that, he left Vrndavana to search
for his elder brother, Sanatana Gosvami.
Madhya 25.209
TEXT 209
TEXT
ganga-tira-pathe prabhu prayagere aila
taha suni' dui-bhai se pathe calila
SYNONYMS
ganga-tira-pathe -- on the road on the bank of the Ganges; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prayagere aila -- came to Prayaga; taha suni' --
hearing this news; dui-bhai -- the two brothers named Rupa and Anupama;
se pathe calila -- traveled on that path.
TRANSLATION
When Rupa Gosvami heard that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had gone to Prayaga
on the road along the banks of the Ganges, Rupa and his brother Anupama
went that way to meet the Lord.
Madhya 25.210
TEXT 210
TEXT
etha sanatana gosani prayage asiya
mathura aila sarana raja-patha diya
SYNONYMS
etha -- here (at the other end); sanatana gosani -- Sanatana Gosani;
prayage asiya -- coming to Prayaga; mathura aila -- he reached Vrndavana;
sarana -- directly; raja-patha diya -- on the government road or public
road.
TRANSLATION
After reaching Prayaga, Sanatana Gosvami, following the order of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, went to Vrndavana along the public road.
PURPORT
This is especially significant because when Sanatana Gosvami went from
Bengal to Benares, due to the political situation he did not go along
the public road. After meeting Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Benares,
however, he was ordered to proceed to Vrndavana along the public road
leading to Mathura. In other words, he was advised not to fear for his
political situation.
Madhya 25.211
TEXT 211
TEXT
mathurate subuddhi-raya tahare milila
rupa-anupama-katha sakali kahila
SYNONYMS
mathurate -- at Mathura; subuddhi-raya -- Subuddhi Raya; tahare milila --
met him; rupa-anupama-katha -- news about his younger brothers, Rupa
Gosvami and Anupama; sakali -- everything; kahila -- described.
TRANSLATION
When Sanatana Gosvami met Subuddhi Raya at Mathura, Subuddhi Raya
explained everything about his younger brothers Rupa Gosvami and Anupama.
Madhya 25.212
TEXT 212
TEXT
ganga-pathe dui-bhai raja-pathe sanatana
ataeva tanha sane na haila milana
SYNONYMS
ganga-pathe -- on the road on the bank of the Ganges; dui-bhai -- the
two brothers Rupa and Anupama; raja-pathe -- on the public road;
sanatana -- Sanatana Gosvami; ataeva -- because of this; tanha sane --
with him; na haila milana -- there was not a meeting.
TRANSLATION
Since Sanatana Gosvami went along the public road to Vrndavana and Rupa
Gosvami and Anupama went on the road along the Ganges' banks, it was not
possible for them to meet.
Madhya 25.213
TEXT 213
TEXT
subuddhi-raya bahu sneha kare sanatane
vyavahara-sneha sanatana nahi mane
SYNONYMS
subuddhi-raya -- Subuddhi Raya; bahu -- much; sneha -- affection; kare --
does; sanatane -- unto Sanatana Gosvami; vyavahara-sneha -- love and
affection because of a previous relationship; sanatana -- Sanatana
Gosvami; nahi mane -- was hesitant to accept.
TRANSLATION
Subuddhi Raya and Sanatana Gosvami had known each other before accepting
the renounced order. Therefore Subuddhi Raya showed much affection to
Sanatana Gosvami, but Sanatana Gosvami hesitated to accept his
sentiments and affections.
Madhya 25.214
TEXT 214
TEXT
maha-virakta sanatana bhramena vane vane
prati-vrkse, prati-kunje rahe ratri-dine
SYNONYMS
maha-virakta -- highly elevated in the renounced order of life; sanatana
-- Sanatana Gosvami; bhramena -- wanders; vane vane -- from forest to
forest; prati-vrkse -- under every tree; prati-kunje -- in every bush;
rahe ratri-dine -- remains day and night.
TRANSLATION
Being very advanced in the renounced order, Sanatana Gosvami used to
wander from forest to forest, never taking shelter of any habitation
built of stone. He used to live under trees or beneath bushes both day
and night.
Madhya 25.215
TEXT 215
TEXT
mathura-mahatmya-sastra sangraha kariya
lupta-tirtha prakata kaila vanete bhramiya
SYNONYMS
mathura-mahatmya -- giving a description of the greatness of Mathura;
sastra -- books; sangraha kariya -- collecting; lupta-tirtha -- lost
holy places; prakata -- discovering; kaila -- he did; vanete bhramiya --
traveling within the forest.
TRANSLATION
Srila Sanatana Gosvami collected some books about archaeological
excavations in Mathura, and wandering in the forest, he sought to
renovate all those holy places.
Madhya 25.216
TEXT 216
TEXT
ei-mata sanatana vrndavanete rahila
rupa-gosani dui-bhai kasite aila
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; sanatana -- Sanatana Gosvami; vrndavanete rahila
-- remained in Vrndavana; rupa-gosani -- Rupa Gosani; dui-bhai -- the
two brothers; kasite aila -- came to Varanasi (Kasi).
TRANSLATION
Sanatana Gosvami remained in Vrndavana, and Rupa Gosvami and Anupama
returned to Varanasi.
Madhya 25.217
TEXT 217
TEXT
maharastriya dvija, sekhara, misra-tapana
tina-jana saha rupa karila milana
SYNONYMS
maharastriya dvija -- the brahmana of Maharashtra province; sekhara --
Candrasekhara; misra-tapana -- Tapana Misra; tina-jana -- these three
persons; saha -- with; rupa -- Rupa Gosvami; karila milana -- met.
TRANSLATION
When Rupa Gosvami arrived at Varanasi, he met the Maharashtriyan
brahmana, Candrasekhara and Tapana Misra.
Madhya 25.218
TEXT 218
TEXT
sekharera ghare vasa, misra-ghare bhiksa
misra-mukhe sune sanatane prabhura ‘siksa'
SYNONYMS
sekharera ghare vasa -- residence in the house of Candrasekhara; misra-
ghare bhiksa -- prasadam at the house of Tapana Misra; misra-mukhe --
from the mouth of Tapana Misra; sune -- hears; sanatane -- unto Sanatana;
prabhura siksa -- instructions of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
While Rupa Gosvami was staying at Varanasi, he resided at the house of
Candrasekhara and took prasadam at the house of Tapana Misra. In this
way he heard of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's instructions to Sanatana
Gosvami in Varanasi.
Madhya 25.219
TEXT 219
TEXT
kasite prabhura caritra suni' tinera mukhe
sannyasire krpa suni' paila bada sukhe
SYNONYMS
kasite -- at Varanasi (Kasi); prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
caritra -- the activity; suni' -- hearing; tinera mukhe -- from the
mouths of the three persons; sannyasire krpa -- the mercy shown to the
Mayavadi sannyasis; suni' -- hearing about; paila -- he got; bada sukhe -
- very great pleasure.
TRANSLATION
While staying at Varanasi, Rupa Gosvami heard of all Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's activities. When he heard of His deliverance of the
Mayavadi sannyasis, he became very happy.
Madhya 25.220
TEXT 220
TEXT
mahaprabhura upara lokera pranati dekhiya
sukhi haila loka-mukhe kirtana suniya
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhura -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; upara -- upon; lokera -- of the
people in general; pranati dekhiya -- seeing the surrender; sukhi haila -
- became very happy; loka-mukhe -- from the general public; kirtana
suniya -- hearing the description.
TRANSLATION
When Rupa Gosvami saw that all the people of Varanasi respected Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he became very happy. He even heard stories from
the general populace.
Madhya 25.221
TEXT 221
TEXT
dina dasa rahi' rupa gaude yatra kaila
sanatana-rupera ei caritra kahila
SYNONYMS
dina dasa -- about ten days; rahi' -- remaining; rupa -- Rupa Gosvami;
gaude yatra kaila -- went back to Bengal; sanatana-rupera -- of Sri
Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami; ei -- thus; caritra -- character;
kahila -- I have described.
TRANSLATION
After staying in Varanasi for about ten days, Rupa Gosvami returned to
Bengal. In this way I have described the activities of Rupa and Sanatana.
Madhya 25.222
TEXT 222
TEXT
etha mahaprabhu yadi niladri calila
nirjana vana-pathe yaite maha sukha paila
SYNONYMS
etha -- on the other side; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yadi --
when; niladri calila -- went back to Jagannatha Puri; nirjana vana-
pathe -- on a solitary forest path; yaite -- traveling; maha sukha paila
-- got very great pleasure.
TRANSLATION
As Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was returning to Jagannatha Puri, He passed
through the solitary forest, and He received great pleasure in doing so.
Madhya 25.223
TEXT 223
TEXT
sukhe cali' aise prabhu balabhadra-sange
purvavat mrgadi-sange kaila nana-range
SYNONYMS
sukhe -- in a very pleasing atmosphere; cali' aise -- comes back; prabhu
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; balabhadra-sange -- with the servant
Balabhadra Bhattacarya; purva-vat -- as previously; mrga-adi-sange --
with the forest animals; kaila -- performed; nana-range -- various
pleasing activities.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu happily returned to Jagannatha Puri in the
company of His servant, Balabhadra Bhattacarya. As previously, the Lord
performed many pleasing pastimes with the forest animals.
Madhya 25.224
TEXT 224
TEXT
atharanalate asi' bhattacarya brahmane
pathana bolaila nija-bhakta-gane
SYNONYMS
atharanalate -- to a place near Jagannatha Puri named Atharanala; asi' --
coming; bhattacarya brahmane -- the brahmana known as Balabhadra
Bhattacarya; pathana -- sending; bolaila -- called for; nija-bhakta-gane
-- His own personal associates.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at a place known as Atharanala,
near Jagannatha Puri, He sent Balabhadra Bhattacarya to call for His
devotees.
Madhya 25.225
TEXT 225
TEXT
suniya bhaktera gana yena punarapi jila
dehe prana aile, yena indriya uthila
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; bhaktera gana -- the hordes of devotees at Jagannatha
Puri; yena -- as if; punarapi -- again; jila -- became alive; dehe -- in
the body; prana aile -- consciousness returned; yena -- as if; indriya --
senses; uthila -- became agitated.
TRANSLATION
Hearing news of the Lord's arrival from Balabhadra Bhattacarya, hordes
of devotees became so happy that they seemed to be getting their lives
back. It was as though their consciousness had returned to their bodies.
Their senses also became agitated.
Madhya 25.226
TEXT 226
TEXT
anande vihvala bhakta-gana dhana aila
narendre asiya sabe prabhure milila
SYNONYMS
anande -- in great pleasure; vihvala -- overwhelmed; bhakta-gana -- all
the devotees; dhana aila -- very hastily came; narendre asiya -- coming
to the shore of Narendra Lake; sabe -- all of them; prabhure -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; milila -- met.
TRANSLATION
Being overwhelmed with great pleasure, all the devotees hastily went to
see the Lord. They met Him on the banks of the celebrated lake called
Narendra-sarovara.
Madhya 25.227
TEXT 227
TEXT
puri-bharatira prabhu vandilena carana
donhe mahaprabhure kaila prema-alingana
SYNONYMS
puri -- Paramananda Puri; bharatira -- and of Brahmananda Bharati;
prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vandilena carana -- worshiped
the feet; donhe -- both the elderly sannyasis; mahaprabhure -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; prema-alingana -- embracing in love.
TRANSLATION
When Paramananda Puri and Brahmananda Bharati met Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the Lord offered them His respectful obeisances due to their
being Godbrothers of His spiritual master. They both then embraced Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu in love and affection.
Madhya 25.228
TEXT 228
TEXT
damodara-svarupa, pandita-gadadhara
jagadananda, kasisvara, govinda, vakresvara
SYNONYMS
damodara-svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; pandita-gadadhara -- Gadadhara,
the learned scholar; jagadananda -- Jagadananda; kasisvara -- Kasisvara;
govinda -- Govinda; vakresvara -- Vakresvara.
TRANSLATION
Devotees like Svarupa Damodara, Gadadhara Pandita, Jagadananda,
Kasisvara, Govinda and Vakresvara all came to meet the Lord.
Madhya 25.229
TEXT 229
TEXT
kasi-misra, pradyumna-misra, pandita-damodara
haridasa-thakura, ara pandita-sankara
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra -- Kasi Misra; pradyumna-misra -- Pradyumna Misra; pandita-
damodara -- Damodara Pandita; haridasa-thakura -- Haridasa Thakura; ara -
- and; pandita-sankara -- Sankara Pandita.
TRANSLATION
Kasi Misra, Pradyumna Misra, Damodara Pandita, Haridasa Thakura and
Sankara Pandita also came there to meet the Lord.
Madhya 25.230
TEXT 230
TEXT
ara saba bhakta prabhura carane padila
saba alingiya prabhu premavista haila
SYNONYMS
ara saba bhakta -- all the other devotees; prabhura -- of Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carane padila -- fell down at the lotus feet; saba
alingiya -- embracing all of them; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
prema-avista -- overwhelmed in ecstatic love and emotion; haila --
became.
TRANSLATION
All the other devotees also came and fell down at the Lord's lotus feet.
In return, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced them all with great ecstatic
love.
Madhya 25.231
TEXT 231
TEXT
ananda-samudre bhase saba bhakta-gane
saba lana cale prabhu jagannatha-darasane
SYNONYMS
ananda-samudre -- in the ocean of transcendental bliss; bhase -- float;
saba bhakta-gane -- all the devotees; saba lana -- taking all of them;
cale -- goes; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jagannatha-darasane --
to see the Jagannatha Deity in the temple.
TRANSLATION
Thus they all merged in the ocean of transcendental bliss. Then the Lord
and all His devotees proceeded toward the temple of Jagannatha to see
the Deity.
Madhya 25.232
TEXT 232
TEXT
jagannatha dekhi' prabhu premavista haila
bhakta-sange bahu-ksana nrtya-gita kaila
SYNONYMS
jagannatha dekhi' -- seeing Lord Jagannatha; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; prema-avista haila -- became overwhelmed with love and
affection; bhakta-sange -- in the society of the devotees; bahu-ksana --
for a long time; nrtya-gita kaila -- chanted and danced.
TRANSLATION
As soon as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw Lord Jagannatha in the temple, He
was immediately overwhelmed with love and affection. He chanted and
danced with His devotees for a long time.
Madhya 25.233
TEXT 233
TEXT
jagannatha-sevaka ani' mala-prasada dila
tulasi padicha asi' carana vandila
SYNONYMS
jagannatha-sevaka -- the priests who were servitors of Lord Jagannatha;
ani' -- bringing; mala-prasada dila -- distributed flower garlands and
prasadam; tulasi padicha -- the temple servant known as Tulasi; asi' --
coming; carana vandila -- worshiped the lotus feet of the Lord.
TRANSLATION
The priests immediately brought them flower garlands and prasadam. The
temple's watchman, who was named Tulasi, also came and offered his
obeisances to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.234
TEXT 234
TEXT
'mahaprabhu aila'-grame kolahala haila
sarvabhauma, ramananda, vaninatha milila
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu aila -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has arrived; grame -- in the
town; kolahala haila -- there was spreading of the news; sarvabhauma --
Sarvabhauma; ramananda -- Ramananda; vaninatha -- Vaninatha; milila --
came and met Him.
TRANSLATION
When the news spread that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had arrived at
Jagannatha Puri, devotees like Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, Ramananda Raya
and Vaninatha Raya all came to meet Him.
Madhya 25.235
TEXT 235
TEXT
saba sange lana prabhu misra-vasa aila
sarvabhauma, pandita-gosani nimantrana kaila
SYNONYMS
saba sange lana -- taking all of them; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
misra-vasa aila -- came to Kasi Misra's house; sarvabhauma --
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; pandita-gosani -- Gadadhara Pandita; nimantrana
kaila -- invited the Lord to take prasadam.
TRANSLATION
The Lord and all His devotees then went to the residence of Kasi Misra.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya and Pandita Gosani also invited the Lord to dine
at their homes.
Madhya 25.236
TEXT 236
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- "maha-prasada ana' ei sthane
saba-sange ihan aji karimu bhojane"
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; maha-prasada ana' -- bring
maha-prasadam; ei sthane -- to this place; saba-sange -- with all; ihan -
- here; aji -- today; karimu bhojane -- I shall dine.
TRANSLATION
Accepting their invitation, the Lord asked them to bring all the
prasadam there so that He could eat it with His devotees.
Madhya 25.237
TEXT 237
TEXT
tabe dunhe jagannatha-prasada anila
saba-sange mahaprabhu bhojana karila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- then; dunhe -- both Sarvabhauma and Pandita Gosani; jagannatha-
prasada anila -- brought the maha-prasadam of Jagannatha; saba-sange --
with all of them; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhojana karila -
- dined.
TRANSLATION
Upon receiving Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's order, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya
and Pandita Gosani brought sufficient prasadam from the temple of
Jagannatha. The Lord then dined with everyone at His own place.
Madhya 25.238
TEXT 238
TEXT
ei ta' kahilun,-prabhu dekhi' vrndavana
punah karilena yaiche niladri gamana
SYNONYMS
ei ta' kahilun -- thus I have described; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; dekhi' vrndavana -- after visiting Vrndavana; punah -- again;
karilena -- did; yaiche -- as; niladri gamana -- coming back to
Jagannatha Puri.
TRANSLATION
Thus I have described how Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned to Jagannatha
Puri from Vrndavana.
Madhya 25.239
TEXT 239
TEXT
iha yei sraddha kari' karaye sravana
acirat paya sei caitanya-carana
SYNONYMS
iha -- this; yei -- anyone who; sraddha kari' -- with faith and love;
karaye sravana -- hears; acirat -- very soon; paya -- gets; sei -- he;
caitanya-carana -- the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Whoever hears Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes with faith and love
very soon attains shelter at the Lord's lotus feet.
Madhya 25.240
TEXT 240
TEXT
madhya-lilara karilun ei dig-darasana
chaya vatsara kaila yaiche gamanagamana
SYNONYMS
madhya-lilara -- of this division, known as Madhya-lila; karilun -- I
have done; ei dik-darasana -- this summary inspection; chaya vatsara --
continuously for six years; kaila -- performed; yaiche -- just as;
gamana-agamana -- going and coming back.
TRANSLATION
I have thus given a summary description of the madhya-lila, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's travels to and from Jagannatha Puri. Indeed, the Lord
traveled to and fro continuously for six years.
Madhya 25.241
TEXT 241
TEXT
sesa astadasa vatsara nilacale vasa
bhakta-gana-sange kare kirtana-vilasa
SYNONYMS
sesa astadasa vatsara -- the remaining eighteen years; nilacale vasa --
residence at Jagannatha Puri; bhakta-gana-sange -- with devotees; kare --
performs; kirtana-vilasa -- the pastimes of chanting the Hare Krsna
mantra.
TRANSLATION
After taking sannyasa at the age of twenty-four, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
lived another twenty-four years. For six of these years, He traveled
extensively throughout India, sometimes going to Jagannatha Puri and
sometimes leaving. After traveling for six years, the Lord fixed His
residence at Jagannatha Puri and stayed there for the eighteen remaining
years of His life. During these eighteen years He mainly chanted Hare
Krsna with His devotees.
Madhya 25.242
TEXT 242
TEXT
madhya-lilara krama ebe kari anuvada
anuvada kaile haya kathara asvada
SYNONYMS
madhya-lilara krama -- a chronological list of the pastimes described in
the Madhya-lila of Caitanya-caritamrta; ebe -- now; kari -- I may do;
anuvada -- a review; anuvada kaile -- by reviewing in that way; haya --
there is; kathara asvada -- tasting of all the topics.
TRANSLATION
I shall now review the chapters of the Madhya-lila chronologically so
that one can relish the transcendental features of these topics.
Madhya 25.243
TEXT 243
TEXT
prathama paricchede-sesa-lilara sutra-gana
tathi-madhye kona bhagera vistara varnana
SYNONYMS
prathama paricchede -- in the First Chapter; sesa-lilara sutra-gana --
the synopsis of the antya-lila, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes at
the end; tathi-madhye -- within that; kona bhagera -- of some portion of
the book; vistara varnana -- a vivid description.
TRANSLATION
In the First Chapter I have given a synopsis of the last pastimes [antya-
lila]. Within this chapter is a vivid description of some of the
pastimes of the Lord that took place toward the end of His life.
Madhya 25.244
TEXT 244
TEXT
dvitiya paricchede-prabhura pralapa-varnana
tathi-madhye nana-bhavera dig-darasana
SYNONYMS
dvitiya paricchede -- in the Second Chapter; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; pralapa-varnana -- a description of His behaving like a
crazy man; tathi-madhye -- within that; nana-bhavera -- of different
emotional ecstasies; dik-darasana -- indication.
TRANSLATION
In the Second Chapter I have described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's talking
like a crazy man. Within this chapter it is indicated how Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu manifested His different emotional moods.
Madhya 25.245
TEXT 245
TEXT
trtiya paricchede-prabhura kahilun sannyasa
acaryera ghare yaiche karila vilasa
SYNONYMS
trtiya paricchede -- in the Third Chapter; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kahilun -- I have described; sannyasa -- acceptance of the
renounced order of life; acaryera ghare -- at the house of Advaita
Acarya; yaiche -- how; karila vilasa -- enjoyed His pastimes.
TRANSLATION
In the Third Chapter I have described the Lord's acceptance of the
renounced order and how He enjoyed His pastimes at the house of Advaita
Acarya.
Madhya 25.246
TEXT 246
TEXT
caturthe-madhava purira caritra-asvadana
gopala sthapana, ksira-curira varnana
SYNONYMS
caturthe -- in the Fourth Chapter; madhava purira -- of Madhavendra Puri;
caritra-asvadana -- relishing the characteristics; gopala sthapana --
the installation of Gopala; ksira-curira varnana -- a description of
Gopinatha's stealing condensed milk at Remuna.
TRANSLATION
In the Fourth Chapter I have described Madhavendra Puri's installation
of the Gopala Deity as well as Gopinatha's stealing a pot of condensed
milk at Remuna.
Madhya 25.247
TEXT 247
TEXT
pancame-saksi-gopala-caritra-varnana
nityananda kahe, prabhu karena asvadana
SYNONYMS
pancame -- in the Fifth Chapter; saksi-gopala -- Saksi-gopala; caritra-
varnana -- a description of the characteristics; nityananda kahe -- Lord
Nityananda described this; prabhu -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena
asvadana -- tasted it.
TRANSLATION
In the Fifth Chapter I have narrated the story of Saksi-gopala. Lord
Nityananda Prabhu narrated this while Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu listened.
Madhya 25.248
TEXT 248
TEXT
sasthe-sarvabhaumera karila uddhara
saptame-tirtha-yatra, vasudeva nistara
SYNONYMS
sasthe -- in the Sixth Chapter; sarvabhaumera -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya;
karila uddhara -- the Lord delivered; saptame -- in the Seventh Chapter;
tirtha-yatra -- going to different holy places; vasudeva nistara --
delivering Vasudeva.
TRANSLATION
In the Sixth Chapter I have told how Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was
delivered, and in the Seventh Chapter I have described the Lord's tour
of different holy places and His deliverance of Vasudeva.
Madhya 25.249
TEXT 249
TEXT
astame-ramananda-samvada vistara
apane sunila ‘sarva-siddhantera sara'
SYNONYMS
astame -- in the Eighth Chapter; ramananda-samvada vistara -- an
elaborate discussion with Sri Ramananda Raya; apane -- personally;
sunila -- listened; sarva -- all; siddhantera -- of conclusions; sara --
the essence.
TRANSLATION
In the Eighth Chapter I have recorded the Lord's elaborate discussion
with Ramananda Raya. The Lord personally listened as Ramananda gave the
conclusive essence of all Vedic literatures.
Madhya 25.250
TEXT 250
TEXT
navame-kahilun daksina-tirtha-bhramana
dasame-kahilun sarva-vaisnava-milana
SYNONYMS
navame -- in the Ninth Chapter; kahilun -- I have described; daksina-
tirtha-bhramana -- going on pilgrimage in South India; dasame -- in the
Tenth Chapter; kahilun -- I have described; sarva-vaisnava-milana --
meeting of all kinds of devotees.
TRANSLATION
In the Ninth Chapter I have described the Lord's tour of South India and
the different places of pilgrimage. In the Tenth Chapter I have
described His meeting with all His devotees.
Madhya 25.251
TEXT 251
TEXT
ekadase-sri-mandire ‘beda-sankirtana'
dvadase-gundica-mandira-marjana-ksalana
SYNONYMS
ekadase -- in the Eleventh Chapter; sri-mandire -- in the Jagannatha
temple; beda-sankirtana -- chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra all around;
dvadase -- in the Twelfth Chapter; gundica-mandira -- of the temple
known as Gundica; marjana-ksalana -- cleansing and washing.
TRANSLATION
In the Eleventh Chapter I have described the great chanting of the Hare
Krsna maha-mantra that surrounded the Lord. In the Twelfth Chapter I
have given a narration of the cleansing and washing of the Gundica
temple.
Madhya 25.252
TEXT 252
TEXT
trayodase-ratha-age prabhura nartana
caturdase-‘hera-pancami'-yatra-darasana
SYNONYMS
trayodase -- in the Thirteenth Chapter; ratha-age -- in front of the
Jagannatha ratha; prabhura nartana -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's dancing;
caturdase -- in the Fourteenth Chapter; hera-pancami -- Hera-pancami,
which takes place on the fifth day of Ratha-yatra; yatra -- festival;
darasana -- visiting.
TRANSLATION
In the Thirteenth Chapter I have described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
dancing before the chariot of Jagannatha. In the Fourteenth Chapter,
there is an account of the Hera-pancami function.
Madhya 25.253
TEXT 253
TEXT
tara madhye vraja-devira bhavera sravana
svarupa kahila, prabhu kaila asvadana
SYNONYMS
tara madhye -- in that; vraja-devira -- of the gopis; bhavera -- of
ecstatic emotion; sravana -- hearing; svarupa kahila -- Svarupa Damodara
Gosvami described; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila asvadana --
personally tasted.
TRANSLATION
Also in the Fourteenth Chapter is an account of how the emotional
ecstasy of the gopis was described by Svarupa Damodara and tasted by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.254
TEXT 254
TEXT
pancadase-bhaktera guna sri-mukhe kahila
sarvabhauma-ghare bhiksa, amogha tarila
SYNONYMS
pancadase -- in the Fifteenth Chapter; bhaktera -- of the devotees; guna
-- qualities; sri-mukhe kahila -- Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally
described; sarvabhauma-ghare -- at the house of Sarvabhauma; bhiksa --
accepting lunch; amogha tarila -- He delivered Amogha.
TRANSLATION
In the Fifteenth Chapter I have described how Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
highly praised the qualities of His devotees and accepted lunch at the
house of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. At that time, He delivered Amogha.
Madhya 25.255
TEXT 255
TEXT
sodase-vrndavana-yatra gauda-desa-pathe
punah nilacale aila, natasala haite
SYNONYMS
sodase -- in the Sixteenth Chapter; vrndavana-yatra -- departure for
visiting Vrndavana; gauda-desa-pathe -- on the way through the province
of Bengal; punah -- again; nilacale aila -- came back to Jagannatha Puri;
natasala haite -- from Kanai Natasala.
TRANSLATION
In the Sixteenth Chapter I have described how Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
departed for Vrndavana and journeyed through Bengal. He later returned
to Jagannatha Puri from Kanai Natasala.
Madhya 25.256
TEXT 256
TEXT
saptadase-vanapathe mathura-gamana
astadase-vrndavana-vihara-varnana
SYNONYMS
saptadase -- in the Seventeenth Chapter; vana-pathe -- through the
forest path; mathura-gamana -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's going to
Mathura; astadase -- in the Eighteenth Chapter; vrndavana-vihara-varnana
-- description of His touring the forest of Vrndavana.
TRANSLATION
In the Seventeenth Chapter I have described the Lord's journey through
the great forest of Jharikhanda and His arrival at Mathura. In the
Eighteenth Chapter there is a description of His tour of the forest of
Vrndavana.
Madhya 25.257
TEXT 257
TEXT
unavimse-mathura haite prayaga-gamana
tara madhye sri-rupere sakti-sancarana
SYNONYMS
unavimse -- in the Nineteenth Chapter; mathura haite -- from Mathura;
prayaga-gamana -- going to Prayaga; tara madhye -- within that; sri-
rupere -- Sri Rupa Gosvami; sakti-sancarana -- empowering to spread
devotional service.
TRANSLATION
In the Nineteenth Chapter I have described how the Lord returned to
Prayaga from Mathura and empowered Sri Rupa Gosvami to spread devotional
service.
Madhya 25.258
TEXT 258
TEXT
vimsati paricchede-sanatanera milana
tara madhye bhagavanera svarupa-varnana
SYNONYMS
vimsati paricchede -- in the Twentieth Chapter; sanatanera milana --
meeting with Sanatana Gosvami; tara madhye -- within that; bhagavanera --
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svarupa-varnana -- description
of personal features.
TRANSLATION
In the Twentieth Chapter the Lord's meeting with Sanatana Gosvami is
described. The Lord described the personal features of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead in depth.
Madhya 25.259
TEXT 259
TEXT
ekavimse-krsnaisvarya-madhurya varnana
dvavimse-dvividha sadhana-bhaktira vivarana
SYNONYMS
eka-vimse -- in the Twenty-first Chapter; krsna-aisvarya -- of the
opulence of Krsna; madhurya -- of the pleasing beauty; varnana --
description; dva-vimse -- in the Twenty-second Chapter; dvi-vidha --
twofold; sadhana-bhaktira -- of the discharge of devotional service;
vivarana -- description.
TRANSLATION
In the Twenty-first Chapter there is a description of Krsna's beauty and
opulence, and in the Twenty-second Chapter there is a description of the
twofold discharge of devotional service.
Madhya 25.260
TEXT 260
TEXT
trayovimse-prema-bhakti-rasera kathana
caturvimse-‘atmaramah'-slokartha varnana
SYNONYMS
trayah-vimse -- in the Twenty-third Chapter; prema-bhakti -- of ecstatic
love of Godhead; rasera -- of the mellow; kathana -- narration; catuh-
vimse -- in the Twenty-fourth Chapter; atmaramah -- known as atmarama;
sloka-artha -- the meaning of the verse; varnana -- description.
TRANSLATION
In the Twenty-third Chapter there is a description of the mellows of
transcendental loving service, and in the Twenty-fourth Chapter I have
described how the Lord analyzed the atmarama verse.
Madhya 25.261
TEXT 261
TEXT
pancavimse-kasi-vasire vaisnava-karana
kasi haite punah nilacale agamana
SYNONYMS
panca-vimse -- in the Twenty-fifth Chapter; kasi-vasire -- the residents
of Varanasi (Kasi); vaisnava-karana -- making Vaisnavas; kasi haite --
from Kasi; punah -- again; nilacale agamana -- coming back to Jagannatha
Puri (Nilacala).
TRANSLATION
In the Twenty-fifth Chapter there is a description of how the residents
of Varanasi were converted to Vaisnavism and how the Lord returned to
Nilacala [Jagannatha Puri] from Varanasi.
Madhya 25.262
TEXT 262
TEXT
pancavimsati paricchede ei kailun anuvada
yahara sravane haya granthartha-asvada
SYNONYMS
panca-vimsati paricchede -- in the Twenty-fifth Chapter; ei -- this;
kailun anuvada -- I have made repetition; yahara sravane -- hearing
which; haya -- there is; grantha-artha-asvada -- understanding of the
whole contents of the book.
TRANSLATION
I have thus summarized these pastimes in the Twenty-fifth Chapter.
Hearing this summary, one can understand the whole purport of this
scripture.
Madhya 25.263
TEXT 263
TEXT
sanksepe kahilun ei madhya-lilara sara
koti-granthe varnana na yaya ihara vistara
SYNONYMS
sanksepe -- in brief; kahilun -- I have described; ei -- this; madhya-
lilara sara -- essence of Madhya-lila; koti-granthe -- in millions of
books; varnana -- description; na yaya -- is not possible; ihara vistara
-- elaborately.
TRANSLATION
I have now summarized the entire subject matter of the Madhya-lila.
These pastimes cannot be described elaborately even in millions of books.
Madhya 25.264
TEXT 264
TEXT
jiva nistarite prabhu bhramila dese-dese
apane asvadi' bhakti karila prakase
SYNONYMS
jiva nistarite -- to deliver all the fallen souls; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhramila -- traveled; dese-dese -- in various
countries; apane -- personally; asvadi' -- tasting; bhakti -- devotional
service; karila -- did; prakase -- broadcasting.
TRANSLATION
To deliver all fallen souls, the Lord traveled from country to country.
He personally tasted the transcendental pleasure of devotional service,
and He simultaneously spread the cult of devotion everywhere.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally traveled to different regions of
India to spread the bhakti cult throughout the country. He also
personally relished transcendental activities. By His personal behavior
He has given an example for devotees to follow. That is, one should
broadcast the cult of devotional service. He specifically instructed His
devotees to enjoin all Indians to broadcast this message throughout the
world because at that time the Lord could not personally travel to other
parts of the world. In this regard, He has left two instructions:
bharata-bhumite haila manusya-janma yara
janma sarthaka kari' kara para-upakara
"All Indians should seriously take up the cult of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and should perfect their lives by adopting the process of
devotional service. After perfecting their lives, they should broadcast
this message all over the world for the welfare of all human beings [
para-upakara]." (Cc. Adi 9.41) A Vaisnava is especially interested in
para-upakara, doing good to others. Prahlada Maharaja was also
interested in this. He did not want to be delivered alone; rather, he
wanted to deliver all fallen souls, who are bereft of knowledge of
bhakti and who misuse their intelligence for the temporary benefit of
the material body. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu also wanted His mission
spread all over the world.
prthivite ache yata nagaradi grama
sarvatra pracara haibe mora nama
"In every town and village, the chanting of My name will be heard." (
Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya 4.126)
Following in the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we are trying to
broadcast His message throughout the world. By His mercy, people are
taking this movement very seriously. Indeed, our books are extensively
distributed in the Western countries, especially in America and Europe.
Even the ecclesiastical orders in these countries are appreciating the
value of the Krsna consciousness movement and are ready to unite for the
highest benefit of human society. The followers of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu may therefore take this movement seriously and broadcast it
throughout the world, from village to village and from town to town,
just as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu Himself did.
Madhya 25.265
TEXT 265
TEXT
krsna-tattva, bhakti-tattva, prema-tattva sara
bhava-tattva, rasa-tattva, lila-tattva ara
SYNONYMS
krsna-tattva -- the truth of Krsna; bhakti-tattva -- the truth of
devotional service; prema-tattva -- the truth of ecstatic love of
Godhead; sara -- the essence; bhava-tattva -- the emotional truth; rasa-
tattva -- the truth of transcendental mellows; lila-tattva -- the truth
of the pastimes of the Lord; ara -- also.
TRANSLATION
Krsna consciousness means understanding the truth of Krsna, the truth of
devotional service, the truth of love of Godhead, the truth of emotional
ecstasy, the truth of transcendental mellows and the truth of the
pastimes of the Lord.
Madhya 25.266
TEXT 266
TEXT
sri-bhagavata-tattva-rasa karila pracare
krsna-tulya bhagavata, janaila samsare
SYNONYMS
sri-bhagavata-tattva-rasa -- the truth and transcendental taste of
Srimad-Bhagavatam; karila pracare -- Caitanya Mahaprabhu preached
elaborately; krsna-tulya -- identical with Krsna; bhagavata-Srimad-
Bhagavatam; janaila samsare -- has preached within this world.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has personally preached the transcendental
truths and mellows of Srimad-Bhagavatam. Srimad-Bhagavatam and the
Supreme Personality of Godhead are identical, for Srimad-Bhagavatam is
the sound incarnation of Sri Krsna.
Madhya 25.267
TEXT 267
TEXT
bhakta lagi' vistarila apana-vadane
kahan bhakta-mukhe kahai sunila apane
SYNONYMS
bhakta lagi' -- especially for the benefit of His devotees; vistarila --
expansively described; apana-vadane -- personally, with His own mouth;
kahan -- sometimes; bhakta-mukhe -- through the mouth of His devotees;
kahai -- making describe; sunila apane -- listened Himself.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu broadcast the purport of Srimad-Bhagavatam. He
sometimes spoke for the benefit of His devotees and sometimes empowered
one of His devotees to speak while He listened.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, as an ideal teacher, or acarya, explained
Srimad-Bhagavatam very elaborately Himself. He sometimes also empowered
His devotees to speak while He listened. This is the way an acarya
should train his disciples. Not only should he describe the bhagavata
cult personally, but he should also train his disciples to speak on this
sublime subject.
Madhya 25.268
TEXT 268
TEXT
sri-caitanya-sama ara krpalu vadanya
bhakta-vatsala na dekhi trijagate anya
SYNONYMS
sri-caitanya-sama -- equal to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ara -- anyone
else; krpalu -- merciful; vadanya -- magnanimous; bhakta-vatsala -- very
kind to the devotees; na dekhi -- I do not see; tri-jagate -- in these
three worlds; anya -- anyone else.
TRANSLATION
All sane men within these three worlds certainly accept the conclusion
that no one is more merciful and magnanimous than Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and that no one is as kind to his devotees.
Madhya 25.269
TEXT 269
TEXT
sraddha kari' ei lila suna, bhakta-gana
ihara prasade paiba caitanya-carana
SYNONYMS
sraddha kari' -- having faith and love; ei lila -- these pastimes of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; suna -- hear; bhakta-gana -- O devotees; ihara
prasade -- by the grace of this transcendental hearing; paiba -- you
will get; caitanya-carana -- the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All devotees should hear about Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes with
faith and love. By the grace of the Lord, one can thus attain shelter at
His lotus feet.
Madhya 25.270
TEXT 270
TEXT
ihara prasade paiba krsna-tattva-sara
sarva-sastra-siddhantera ihan paiba para
SYNONYMS
ihara prasade -- by hearing these teachings of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
paiba -- you will get; krsna-tattva-sara -- the essence of the truth of
Krsna; sarva-sastra -- of all revealed scriptures; siddhantera -- of
conclusions; ihan -- here; paiba -- you will get; para -- the ultimate
limit.
TRANSLATION
By understanding the pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, one can
understand the truth about Krsna. By understanding Krsna, one can
understand the limit of all knowledge described in various revealed
scriptures.
PURPORT
As Lord Krsna states in the Bhagavad-gita (7.3):
manusyanam sahasresu kascid yatati siddhaye
yatatam api siddhanam kascin mam vetti tattvatah
"Out of many thousands among men, one may endeavor for perfection, and
of those who have achieved perfection, hardly one knows Me in truth."
It is very difficult to understand Krsna, but if one tries to understand
Srimad-Bhagavatam through Caitanya Mahaprabhu's bhakti cult, one will
undoubtedly understand Krsna very easily. If somehow or other one
understands Krsna, his life is successful. Again, as Krsna states in the
Bhagavad-gita (4.9):
janma karma ca me divyam evam yo vetti tattvatah
tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti so ‘rjuna
"One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities
does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material
world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna."
Madhya 25.271
TEXT 271
TEXT
krsna-lila amrta-sara, tara sata sata dhara,
dasa-dike vahe yaha haite
se caitanya-lila haya, sarovara aksaya,
mano-hamsa caraha' tahate
SYNONYMS
krsna-lila amrta-sara -- the pastimes of Lord Krsna are the essence of
all eternal bliss; tara sata sata dhara -- the flow of that eternal
bliss is running in hundreds of branches; dasa-dike -- in all the ten
directions; vahe -- flows; yaha haite -- from which; se -- those;
caitanya-lila -- pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; haya -- are;
sarovara aksaya -- a transcendental eternal lake; manah-hamsa -- my mind,
which is like a swan; caraha' -- please wander; tahate -- in that lake.
TRANSLATION
The pastimes of Lord Krsna are the essence of all nectar, and that
nectar is flowing in hundreds of rivers in all directions. The pastimes
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are an eternal reservoir, and one is advised
to let his mind swim like a swan on this transcendental lake.
PURPORT
The essence of spiritual knowledge is found in the pastimes of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, which are identical with the pastimes of Lord Krsna.
This is the essence of knowledge. If knowledge does not include the
understanding of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Krsna, it is simply
superfluous. By Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's grace, the nectar of Lord Sri
Krsna's pastimes is flowing in different directions in hundreds and
thousands of rivers. One should not think that the pastimes of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu are different from Krsna's pastimes. It is said, sri-
krsna-caitanya, radha-krsna nahe anya: "Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu is a
combination of Radha and Krsna." Thus without understanding the pastimes
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, one cannot understand Radha and Krsna. Srila
Narottama dasa Thakura therefore sings, rupa-raghunatha-pade haibe akuti/
kabe hama bujhaba se yugala piriti: "When shall I become very eager to
study the books left by the six Gosvamis? Then I shall be able to
understand the conjugal pastimes of Radha and Krsna." Caitanya
Mahaprabhu directly empowered Srila Rupa Gosvami and Srila Sanatana
Gosvami. Following in their footsteps, the other Gosvamis understood Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His mission. One should understand Sri Krsna
Caitanya and Lord Sri Krsna from the six Gosvamis in the parampara
system. The Krsna consciousness movement is following as strictly as
possible in the footsteps of the Gosvamis. Narottama dasa Thakura says,
ei chaya gosani yanra, mui tanra dasa: "I am the servant of the six
Gosvamis." The philosophy of Krsna consciousness is to become the
servant of the servant of the servant of the Lord [Cc. Madhya 13.80].
Whoever wants to understand the difficult subject matter of krsna-katha
should accept the disciplic succession. If one is somehow or other able
to understand Krsna, his life is successful. Tyaktva deham punar janma
naiti mam eti so ‘rjuna [Bg. 4.9]. A perfect devotee is able to
understand Krsna through the disciplic succession, and his entrance into
the kingdom of God is thereby certainly opened. When one understands
Krsna, there is no difficulty in transferring oneself to the spiritual
kingdom.
Madhya 25.272
TEXT 272
TEXT
bhakta-gana, suna mora dainya-vacana
toma-sabara pada-dhuli, ange vibhusana kari',
kichu muni karon nivedana
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gana -- O devotees; suna -- please hear; mora -- my; dainya-
vacana -- humble submission; toma-sabara -- of all of you; pada-dhuli --
the dust of the feet; ange -- on my body; vibhusana kari' -- taking as
ornaments; kichu -- something; muni -- I; karon nivedana -- wish to
submit.
TRANSLATION
With all humility, I submit myself to the lotus feet of all of you
devotees, taking the dust from your feet as my bodily ornaments. Now, my
dear devotees, please hear one thing more from me.
Madhya 25.273
TEXT 273
TEXT
krsna-bhakti-siddhanta-gana, yate praphulla padma-vana,
tara madhu kari' asvadana
prema-rasa-kumuda-vane, praphullita ratri-dine,
tate carao mano-bhrnga-gana
SYNONYMS
krsna-bhakti-siddhanta-gana -- the conclusive understanding of
devotional service to Krsna; yate -- by which; praphulla -- enlivened;
padma-vana -- the forest of lotus flowers; tara madhu -- the honey
collected from those lotus flowers; kari' asvadana -- relishing; prema-
rasa -- of transcendental love of Krsna; kumuda-vane -- in the forest of
kumuda flowers (a type of lotus); praphullita -- being jubilant; ratri-
dine -- day and night; tate -- in that forest of lotus flowers; carao --
make wander; manah-bhrnga-gana -- the bumblebees of your minds.
TRANSLATION
Devotional service to Krsna is exactly like a pleasing, jubilant forest
of lotus flowers wherein there is ample honey. I request everyone to
taste this honey. If all the mental speculators bring the bees of their
minds into this forest of lotus flowers and jubilantly enjoy ecstatic
love of Krsna day and night, their mental speculation will be completely
transcendentally satisfied.
Madhya 25.274
TEXT 274
TEXT
nana-bhavera bhakta-jana, hamsa-cakravaka-gana,
yate sabe' karena vihara
krsna-keli sumrnala, yaha pai sarva-kala,
bhakta-hamsa karaye ahara
SYNONYMS
nana-bhavera bhakta-jana -- devotees relishing relationships with Krsna
in different ecstasies; hamsa-cakravaka-gana -- compared to swans and
cakravaka birds; yate -- in that place; sabe' -- all; karena vihara --
enjoy life; krsna-keli -- the pastimes of Krsna; su-mrnala -- sweet buds;
yaha pai -- which one can get; sarva-kala -- eternally; bhakta-hamsa --
the devotees, who are just like swans; karaye -- do; ahara -- eating.
TRANSLATION
The devotees who have a relationship with Krsna are like the swans and
cakravaka birds who play in that forest of lotus flowers. The buds of
those lotus flowers are the pastimes of Krsna, and they are edibles for
the swanlike devotees. Lord Sri Krsna is always engaged in His
transcendental pastimes; therefore the devotees, following in the
footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, can always eat those lotus buds,
for they are the pastimes of the Lord.
Madhya 25.275
TEXT 275
TEXT
sei sarovare giya, hamsa-cakravaka hana,
sada tahan karaha vilasa
khandibe sakala duhkha, paiba parama sukha,
anayase habe premollasa
SYNONYMS
sei sarovare giya -- going to that lake where the clusters of lotus
flowers exist; hamsa-cakravaka hana -- becoming swans or cakravaka birds;
sada -- always; tahan -- there; karaha vilasa -- enjoy life; khandibe --
will be diminished; sakala duhkha -- all material anxieties and
miseries; paiba -- you will get; parama sukha -- the highest happiness;
anayase -- very easily; habe -- there will be; prema-ullasa --
jubilation in love of God.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu should go to that lake and,
remaining always under the shelter of the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, become swans and cakravaka birds in those celestial waters.
They should go on rendering service to Lord Sri Krsna and enjoy life
perpetually. In this way all miseries will be diminished, the devotees
will attain great happiness, and there will be jubilant love of God.
Madhya 25.276
TEXT 276
TEXT
ei amrta anuksana, sadhu mahanta-megha-gana,
visvodyane kare varisana
tate phale amrta-phala, bhakta khaya nirantara,
tara sese jiye jaga-jana
SYNONYMS
ei amrta -- this nectar; anuksana -- continuously; sadhu mahanta-megha-
gana -- pure devotees and saintly persons, who are compared to clouds;
visva-udyane -- in the garden of the universe; kare varisana -- rain
down these nectarean pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Sri
Krsna; tate -- because of that; phale -- grows; amrta-phala -- the fruit
of nectar; bhakta khaya nirantara -- and the devotees eat such fruit
continuously; tara sese -- after their eating; jiye jaga-jana -- the
living entities all over the world live peacefully.
TRANSLATION
The devotees who have taken shelter of the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu take the responsibility for distributing nectarean devotional
service all over the world. They are like clouds pouring water on the
ground that nourishes the fruit of love of Godhead in this world. The
devotees eat that fruit to their hearts' content, and whatever remnants
they leave are eaten by the general populace. Thus they live happily.
Madhya 25.277
TEXT 277
TEXT
caitanya-lila-amrta-pura, krsna-lila-sukarpura,
duhe mili' haya sumadhurya
sadhu-guru-prasade, taha yei asvade,
sei jane madhurya-pracurya
SYNONYMS
caitanya-lila amrta-pura -- the pastimes of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
are full of nectar; krsna-lila su-karpura -- the pastimes of Lord Krsna
are exactly like camphor; duhe mili' -- the two meeting; haya -- become;
su-madhurya -- very, very palatable; sadhu-guru-prasade -- by the mercy
of saintly persons and devotees in the transcendental position; taha --
that; yei -- anyone who; asvade -- relishes this palatable nectar; sei
jane -- he can understand; madhurya-pracurya -- the extensive quantity
of sweetness in devotional service.
TRANSLATION
The pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are full of nectar, and the
pastimes of Lord Krsna are like camphor. When one mixes these, they
taste very sweet. By the mercy of the pure devotees, whoever tastes them
can understand the depths of that sweetness.
Madhya 25.278
TEXT 278
TEXT
ye lila-amrta vine, khaya yadi anna-pane,
tabe bhaktera durbala jivana
yara eka-bindu-pane, utphullita tanu-mane,
hase, gaya, karaye nartana
SYNONYMS
ye -- he who; lila -- of the pastimes of Lord Krsna and Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; amrta vine -- without nectar; khaya yadi anna-pane -- if one
eats only ordinary food grains; tabe -- then; bhaktera -- of the
devotees; durbala jivana -- life becomes weakened; yara -- of which; eka-
bindu-pane -- if one drinks one drop; utphullita tanu-mane -- the body
and mind become jubilant; hase -- laughs; gaya -- chants; karaye nartana
-- dances.
TRANSLATION
Men become strong and stout by eating sufficient grains, but the devotee
who simply eats ordinary grains but does not taste the transcendental
pastimes of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Krsna gradually becomes weak
and falls down from the transcendental position. However, if one drinks
but a drop of the nectar of Krsna's pastimes, his body and mind begin to
bloom, and he begins to laugh, sing and dance.
PURPORT
All the devotees connected with the Krsna consciousness movement must
read all the books that have been translated (the Caitanya-caritamrta,
Srimad-Bhagavatam, Bhagavad-gita and others); otherwise, after some time,
they will simply eat, sleep and fall down from their position. Thus
they will miss the opportunity to attain an eternal, blissful life of
transcendental pleasure.
Madhya 25.279
TEXT 279
TEXT
e amrta kara pana, yara sama nahi ana,
citte kari' sudrdha visvasa
na pada' kutarka-garte, amedhya karkasa avarte,
yate padile haya sarva-nasa
SYNONYMS
e amrta kara pana -- all of you must drink this nectar; yara sama nahi
ana -- there is no comparison to this nectar; citte -- within the mind;
kari' sudrdha visvasa -- having firm faith in this conclusion; na pada'
kutarka garte -- do not fall down into the pit of false arguments;
amedhya karkasa avarte -- in the untouchable, harsh whirlpool; yate --
in which; padile -- if one falls down; haya sarva-nasa -- the purpose of
life will be spoiled.
TRANSLATION
The readers should relish this wonderful nectar because nothing compares
to it. Keeping their faith firmly fixed within their minds, they should
be careful not to fall into the pit of false arguments or the whirlpools
of unfortunate situations. If one falls into such positions, he is
finished.
Madhya 25.280
TEXT 280
TEXT
sri-caitanya, nityananda, advaitadi bhakta-vrnda,
ara yata srota bhakta-gana
toma-sabara sri-carana, kari sire vibhusana,
yaha haite abhista-purana
SYNONYMS
sri-caitanya nityananda -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda;
advaita-adi bhakta-vrnda -- as well as the devotees like Advaita Acarya;
ara -- and; yata srota bhakta-gana -- all the devotees who listen; toma-
sabara sri-carana -- the lotus feet of all of you; kari sire vibhusana --
I keep on my head as a helmet; yaha haite -- from which; abhista-purana
-- all my purposes will be served.
TRANSLATION
In conclusion, I submit to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda Prabhu,
Advaita Prabhu and all the other devotees and readers that I accept your
lotus feet as the helmet on my head. In this way, all my purposes will
be served.
Madhya 25.281
TEXT 281
TEXT
sri-rupa-sanatana- raghunatha-jiva-carana,
sire dhari,-yara karon asa
krsna-lilamrtanvita, Caitanya-caritamrta,
kahe kichu dina krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
sri-rupa-sanatana -- of Srila Rupa Gosvami and of Sanatana Gosvami;
raghunatha-jiva -- of Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami
and Srila Jiva Gosvami; carana -- the lotus feet; sire dhari -- taking
on my head; yara -- of which; karon asa -- I always desire; krsna-lila-
amrta-anvita -- mixed with the nectar of krsna-lila; Caitanya-caritamrta
-- the pastimes of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahe -- is trying to
speak; kichu -- something; dina -- most humble; krsnadasa -- Krsnadasa
Kaviraja Gosvami.
TRANSLATION
Taking the feet of Srila Rupa Gosvami, Sri Sanatana Gosvami, Raghunatha
dasa Gosvami, Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami and Jiva Gosvami on my head, I
always desire their mercy. Thus I, Krsnadasa, humbly try to describe the
nectar of the pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, which are mixed with
the pastimes of Lord Krsna.
Madhya 25.282
TEXT 282
TEXT
sriman-madana-gopala-
govinda-deva-tustaye
caitanyarpitam astv etac
Caitanya-caritamrtam
SYNONYMS
sriman-madana-gopala -- of the Deity named Sriman Madana-gopala; govinda-
deva -- of the Deity named Govindadeva; tustaye -- for the satisfaction;
caitanya-arpitam -- offered unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; astu -- let it
be; etat -- this; Caitanya-caritamrtam -- the book known as Caitanya-
caritamrta.
TRANSLATION
For the satisfaction of Sri Madana-gopala and Govindadeva, we pray that
this book, Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, may be offered to Sri Krsna Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 25.283
TEXT 283
TEXT
tad idam ati-rahasyam gaura-lilamrtam yat
khala-samudaya-kolair nadrtam tair alabhyam
ksatir iyam iha ka me svaditam yat samantat
sahrdaya-sumanobhir modam esam tanoti
SYNONYMS
tat -- that (Sri Caitanya-caritamrta); idam -- this; ati-rahasyam --
full of spiritual mysteries; gaura-lila-amrtam -- the nectar of the
pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yat -- which; khala-samudaya --
envious rascals; kolaih -- by pigs; na -- never; adrtam -- praised; taih
-- by them; alabhyam -- not obtainable; ksatih iyam iha ka -- what is
the loss in this connection; me -- of me; svaditam -- tasted; yat --
which; samantat -- completely; sahrdaya-sumanobhih -- by those who are
friendly and whose minds are very clean; modam -- enjoyment; esam -- of
them; tanoti -- expands.
TRANSLATION
The Caitanya-caritamrta pastimes of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
constitute a very secret literature. It is the life and soul of all
devotees. Those who are not fit to relish this literature, who are
envious like hogs and pigs, will certainly not adore it. However, this
will not harm my attempt. These pastimes of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
will certainly please all saintly people who have clear hearts. They
will certainly enjoy it. We wish that this will enhance their enjoyment
more and more.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya-
lila, Twenty-fifth Chapter, describing how the inhabitants of Varanasi
were converted to Vaisnavism.
Note:
The author of Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami, has
condemned all his enemies by comparing them to envious hogs and pigs.
The Krsna consciousness movement, which is spreading throughout the
world, is being appreciated by sincere people, although they have never
previously heard of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Krsna's pastimes. Now
even the higher, priestly circles are appreciating this movement. They
have concluded that this movement is very nice and that they have
something to learn from it. Nonetheless, in India there are some people
who say that they belong to this cult but who are actually very envious
of the acarya. They have tried to suppress our activities in many ways,
but as far as we are concerned, we follow in the footsteps of Krsnadasa
Kaviraja Gosvami and take them as envious pigs and hogs. We simply wish
to present the pastimes of Lord Krsna and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to the
best of our ability so that those who are really honest can cleanse
their hearts. We hope that they enjoy this literature and bestow their
blessings upon us. It appears that even such a great personality as
Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami met with some envious obstacles; what, then,
to speak of us, who are only insignificant creatures in this universe.
We are simply trying to execute the orders of our spiritual master to
the best of our ability.
END OF THE MADHYA-LILA
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