\\psf\Home\Desktop\Cc-2003\Madhya 17--2003.TXT
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Madhya 17: The Lord Travels to Vrndavana
Chapter 17:
The Lord Travels to Vrndavana
The following summary of the Seventeenth Chapter is given by
Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya. After attending the
Ratha-yatra ceremony of Sri Jagannatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu decided
to start for Vrndavana. Sri Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami
selected a brahmana named Balabhadra Bhattacarya to personally assist
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Early in the morning before sunrise, the Lord
started for the town of Kataka. North of Kataka, He penetrated a dense
forest and came upon many tigers and elephants, whom He engaged in
chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. Whenever the Lord had a chance to
visit a village, Balabhadra Bhattacarya would beg alms and acquire some
rice and vegetables. If there were no village, Balabhadra would cook
whatever rice remained and collect some spinach from the forest for the
Lord to eat. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased with the behavior
of Balabhadra Bhattacarya.
In this way the Lord passed through the jungle of Jharikhanda and
finally reached Varanasi. After taking His bath at the Manikarnika-ghata
at Varanasi, He met Tapana Misra, who took the Lord to his place and
respectfully gave Him a comfortable residence. At Varanasi, Vaidya
Candrasekhara, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's old friend, also rendered
service unto Him. Seeing the behavior of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, a
Maharashtriyan brahmana informed Prakasananda Sarasvati, the leader of
the Mayavadi sannyasis. Prakasananda made various accusations against
the Lord. The Maharashtriyan brahmana was very sorry about this, and he
brought the news to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, inquiring from Him why the
Mayavadi sannyasis did not utter the holy name of Krsna. In reply, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu said that they were offenders and that one should
not associate with them. In this way the Lord bestowed His blessings
upon the brahmana.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next passed through Prayaga and Mathura and then
took His lunch at the home of a Sanodiya brahmana, a disciple of
Madhavendra Puri. He bestowed His blessings upon the brahmana by
accepting lunch at his place. Thereafter the Lord visited the twelve
forests of Vrndavana and was filled with great ecstatic love. As He
toured the Vrndavana forests, He heard the chirping of parrots and other
birds.
Madhya 17.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
gacchan vrndavanam gauro
vyaghrebhaina-khagan vane
premonmattan sahonnrtyan
vidadhe krsna-jalpinah
SYNONYMS
gacchan -- going; vrndavanam -- to Vrndavana-dhama; gaurah -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vyaghra -- tigers; ibha -- elephants; ena -- deer;
khagan -- and birds; vane -- in the forest; prema-unmattan -- maddened
by ecstatic love; saha -- with; unnrtyan -- dancing; vidadhe -- made;
krsna -- Lord Krsna's name; jalpinah -- chanting.
TRANSLATION
On His way to Vrndavana, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed through the
forest of Jharikhanda and made all the tigers, elephants, deer and birds
chant the Hare Krsna maha-mantra and dance. Thus all these animals were
overwhelmed by ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya gauracandra jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; gauracandra -- to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- to Nityananda Prabhu; jaya -- all
glories; advaita-candra -- to Advaita Acarya; jaya -- all glories; gaura-
bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Caitanya.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! All glories to Lord Nityananda!
All glories to Advaitacandra! And all glories to all the devotees of the
Lord!
Madhya 17.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
sarat-kala haila, prabhura calite haila mati
ramananda-svarupa-sange nibhrte yukati
SYNONYMS
sarat-kala haila -- autumn arrived; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; calite -- to travel; haila -- was; mati -- desire; ramananda
-- Ramananda Raya; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; sange -- with; nibhrte --
solitary; yukati -- consultation.
TRANSLATION
When autumn arrived, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu decided to go to Vrndavana.
In a solitary place, He consulted with Ramananda Raya and Svarupa
Damodara Gosvami.
Madhya 17.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
"mora sahaya kara yadi, tumi-dui jana
tabe ami yana dekhi sri-vrndavana
SYNONYMS
mora -- of Me; sahaya -- help; kara -- you do; yadi -- if; tumi -- you;
dui jana -- two persons; tabe -- then; ami -- I; yana -- going; dekhi --
shall see; sri-vrndavana -- Sri Vrndavana-dhama.
TRANSLATION
The Lord requested Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami to help
Him go to Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
ratrye uthi' vana-pathe palana yaba
ekaki yaiba, kahon sange na la-iba
SYNONYMS
ratrye uthi' -- rising at night; vana-pathe -- on the road through the
forest; palana yaba -- I shall go away secretly; ekaki yaiba -- I shall
go alone; kahon -- anyone; sange -- with Me; na la-iba -- I shall not
take.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I shall leave early in the morning and go
incognito, taking the road through the forest. I shall go alone -- I
shall not take anyone with Me.
Madhya 17.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
keha yadi sanga la-ite pache uthi' dhaya
sabare rakhiba, yena keha nahi yaya
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; yadi -- if; sanga la-ite -- to take company; pache --
behind; uthi' -- getting up; dhaya -- runs; sabare -- everyone; rakhiba -
- please stop; yena -- so that; keha -- anyone; nahi yaya -- does not go.
TRANSLATION
"If someone wants to follow Me, please stop him. I don't want anyone to
go with Me.
Madhya 17.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
prasanna hana ajna diba, na maniba ‘duhkha'
toma-sabara ‘sukhe' pathe habe mora ‘sukha'"
SYNONYMS
prasanna hana -- being pleased; ajna diba -- give permission; na -- do
not; maniba duhkha -- become unhappy; toma-sabara -- of all of you;
sukhe -- by the happiness; pathe -- on the road; habe -- there will be;
mora -- My; sukha -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
"Please give Me your permission with great pleasure and do not be
unhappy. If you are happy, I shall be happy on My way to Vrndavana."
Madhya 17.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
dui-jana kahe, -- ‘tumi isvara ‘svatantra'
yei iccha, sei kariba, naha ‘paratantra'
SYNONYMS
dui-jana kahe -- the two persons replied; tumi -- You; isvara -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; sva-tantra -- completely independent;
yei iccha -- whatever You desire; sei -- that; kariba -- You will do;
naha -- You are not; para-tantra -- dependent on anyone.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing this, Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami replied, "
Dear Lord, You are completely independent. Since You are not dependent
on anyone, You will do whatever You desire.
Madhya 17.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
kintu ama-dunhara suna eka nivedane
‘tomara sukhe amara sukha' -- kahila apane
SYNONYMS
kintu -- but; ama-dunhara -- of both of us; suna -- please hear; eka
nivedane -- one submission; tomara sukhe -- by Your happiness; amara
sukha -- our happiness; kahila -- You have already stated; apane --
personally.
TRANSLATION
"Dear Lord, kindly hear our one petition. You have already said that You
will derive happiness from our happiness. This is Your own statement.
Madhya 17.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
ama-dunhara mane tabe bada ‘sukha' haya
eka nivedana yadi dhara, dayamaya
SYNONYMS
ama-dunhara -- of us two; mane -- in the mind; tabe -- therefore; bada --
very much; sukha haya -- there is happiness; eka nivedana -- one
request; yadi -- if; dhara -- You accept; daya-maya -- merciful.
TRANSLATION
"If You will please accept just one request, we shall be very, very
happy.
Madhya 17.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
‘uttama brahmana' eka sange avasya cahi
bhiksa kari' bhiksa dibe, yabe patra vahi'
SYNONYMS
uttama brahmana -- a high-class brahmana; eka -- one; sange -- along;
avasya -- certainly; cahi -- we want; bhiksa kari' -- collecting alms;
bhiksa dibe -- will give You food; yabe -- will go; patra vahi' --
bearing Your waterpot.
TRANSLATION
"Our Lord, please take one very nice brahmana with You. He will collect
alms for You, cook for You, give You prasadam and carry Your waterpot
while traveling.
Madhya 17.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
vana-pathe yaite nahi ‘bhojyanna'-brahmana
ajna kara, -- sange caluka vipra eka-jana'
SYNONYMS
vana-pathe -- on the forest path; yaite -- going; nahi -- there is not;
bhojya-anna-brahmana -- a brahmana whose food can be accepted; ajna kara
-- please give permission; sange -- along; caluka -- may go; vipra-
brahmana; eka-jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
"When You go through the jungle, there will be no brahmana available
from whom You can accept lunch. Therefore please give permission for at
least one pure brahmana to accompany You."
Madhya 17.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- nija-sangi kanho na la-iba
eka-jane nile, anera mane duhkha ha-iba
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; nija-sangi -- of My
associates; kanho -- anyone; na -- not; la-iba -- I shall take; eka-jane
nile -- if I take someone; anera mane -- in the mind of others; duhkha
ha-iba -- there will be unhappiness.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I shall not take any of My associates
with Me, because if I choose someone, all the others will be unhappy.
Madhya 17.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
nutana sangi ha-ibeka, -- snigdha yanra mana
aiche yabe pai, tabe la-i ‘eka' jana
SYNONYMS
nutana -- new; sangi -- associate; ha-ibeka -- must be; snigdha -- very
peaceful; yanra -- whose; mana -- mind; aiche -- such; yabe -- if; pai --
I get; tabe -- then; la-i -- I take; eka jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
"Such a person must be a new man, and he must have a peaceful mind. If I
can obtain such a man, I shall agree to take him with Me."
PURPORT
Formerly, when Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to South India, a brahmana
named Kala Krsnadasa went with Him. Kala Krsnadasa fell victim to a
woman, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had to take the trouble to free him
from the clutches of the gypsies. Therefore the Lord here says that He
wants a new man who is peaceful in mind. One whose mind is not peaceful
is agitated by certain drives, especially sex desire, even though he be
in the company of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Such a man will become a victim
of women and will fall down even in the company of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Maya is so strong that unless one is determined
not to fall victim, even the Supreme Personality of Godhead cannot give
protection. The Supreme Lord and His representative always want to give
protection, but a person must take advantage of their personal contact.
If one thinks that the Supreme Personality of Godhead or His
representative is an ordinary man, he will certainly fall down. Thus Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not want a person like Kala Krsnadasa to
accompany Him. He wanted someone who was determined, who had a peaceful
mind, and who was not agitated by ulterior motives.
Madhya 17.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
svarupa kahe, -- ei balabhadra-bhattacarya
tomate su-snigdha bada, pandita, sadhu, arya
SYNONYMS
svarupa kahe -- Svarupa Damodara Gosvami said; ei -- this; balabhadra-
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; tomate -- unto You; su-snigdha --
affectionate; bada -- very; pandita -- educated; sadhu -- honest; arya --
advanced in spiritual consciousness.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara then said, "Here is Balabhadra Bhattacarya, who has
great love for You. He is an honest, learned scholar, and he is advanced
in spiritual consciousness.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted a new man, not a person like Kala
Krsnadasa who would fall for women. Svarupa Damodara therefore
immediately pointed out a new brahmana named Balabhadra Bhattacarya. Sri
Svarupa Damodara Gosvami had studied this person very thoroughly and had
seen that he had great love for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Not only did he
love the Lord, but he was also learned and honest. He was not
duplicitous, and he was advanced in Krsna consciousness. According to a
Bengali proverb, ati bhakti corera laksana: "Too much devotion is a
symptom of a thief." A person who assumes himself to be a great devotee
but mentally is thinking of something else is duplicitous. One who is
not duplicitous is called sadhu. Svarupa Damodara immediately pointed
out that Balabhadra Bhattacarya was quite fit to accompany the Lord
because he was a learned scholar and was simple and had great love for
Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He was also advanced in Krsna
consciousness; therefore he was considered appropriate for accompanying
the Lord as a personal servant.
The words snigdha ("very peaceful") and su-snigdha ("affectionate") are
used in verses fourteen and fifteen respectively, and they are also
found in Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.8): bruyuh snigdhasya sisyasya guravo
guhyam apy uta. "A disciple who has actual love for his spiritual master
is endowed, by the blessings of the spiritual master, with all
confidential knowledge." Srila Sridhara Svami has commented that the
word snigdhasya means prema-vatah. The word prema-vatah indicates that
one has great love for his spiritual master.
Madhya 17.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
prathamei toma-sange aila gauda haite
inhara iccha ache ‘sarva-tirtha' karite
SYNONYMS
prathamei -- in the beginning; toma-sange -- with You; aila -- came;
gauda haite -- from Bengal; inhara iccha -- his desire; ache -- is;
sarva-tirtha -- all places of pilgrimage; karite -- to go see.
TRANSLATION
"In the beginning, he came with You from Bengal. It is his desire to
visit and see all the holy places of pilgrimage.
Madhya 17.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
inhara sange ache vipra eka ‘bhrtya'
inho pathe karibena seva-bhiksa-krtya
SYNONYMS
inhara sange -- with him; ache -- is; vipra-brahmana; eka -- one; bhrtya
-- servant; inho -- this man; pathe -- on the way; karibena -- will do;
seva -- service; bhiksa-krtya -- and arrangements for cooking.
TRANSLATION
"In addition, You may take another brahmana who will act as a servant en
route and make arrangements for Your food.
Madhya 17.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
inhare sange laha yadi, sabara haya ‘sukha'
vana-pathe yaite tomara nahibe kona ‘duhkha'
SYNONYMS
inhare -- him; sange -- along; laha -- You accept; yadi -- if; sabara
haya sukha -- everyone will be happy; vana-pathe -- on the path through
the jungle; yaite -- going; tomara -- Your; nahibe -- there will not be;
kona -- any; duhkha -- difficulty.
TRANSLATION
"If You can also take him with You, we will be very happy. If two people
go with You through the jungle, there will certainly be no difficulty or
inconvenience.
Madhya 17.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
sei vipra vahi' nibe vastrambu-bhajana
bhattacarya bhiksa dibe kari' bhiksatana
SYNONYMS
sei vipra -- the other brahmana; vahi' nibe -- will carry; vastra-ambu-
bhajana -- the cloth and waterpot; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
bhiksa dibe -- will arrange for cooking; kari' -- performing; bhiksa-
atana -- collecting alms.
TRANSLATION
"The other brahmana can carry Your cloth and waterpot, and Balabhadra
Bhattacarya will collect alms and cook for You."
Madhya 17.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
tanhara vacana prabhu angikara kaila
balabhadra-bhattacarye sange kari' nila
SYNONYMS
tanhara vacana -- his words; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; angikara
kaila -- accepted; balabhadra-bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
sange kari' nila -- took with Him.
TRANSLATION
Thus Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the request of Svarupa Damodara
Pandita and agreed to take Balabhadra Bhattacarya with Him.
Madhya 17.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
purva-ratrye jagannatha dekhi' ‘ajna' lana
sesa-ratre uthi' prabhu calila lukana
SYNONYMS
purva-ratrye -- on the previous night; jagannatha dekhi' -- seeing Lord
Jagannatha; ajna lana -- taking permission; sesa-ratre -- near the end
of night; uthi' -- rising; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; calila --
started; lukana -- without being seen.
TRANSLATION
On the previous night, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had visited Lord
Jagannatha and taken His permission. Now, near the end of the night, the
Lord got up and started immediately. He was not seen by others.
Madhya 17.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
pratah-kale bhakta-gana prabhu na dekhiya
anvesana kari' phire vyakula hana
SYNONYMS
pratah-kale -- early in the morning; bhakta-gana -- all the devotees;
prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; na dekhiya -- not seeing;
anvesana kari' -- searching; phire -- wander; vyakula hana -- becoming
very anxious.
TRANSLATION
Because the Lord had departed, the devotees, unable to see Him early in
the morning, began to search for Him with great anxiety.
Madhya 17.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
svarupa-gosani sabaya kaila nivarana
nivrtta hana rahe sabe jani' prabhura mana
SYNONYMS
svarupa-gosani -- Svarupa Damodara Gosvami; sabaya -- unto everyone;
kaila -- did; nivarana -- forbidding; nivrtta hana -- being restrained;
rahe -- remain; sabe -- all; jani' -- knowing; prabhura mana -- the mind
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
While all the devotees were searching for the Lord, Svarupa Damodara
restrained them. Then everyone fell silent, knowing the mind of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 17.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
prasiddha patha chadi' prabhu upapathe calila
‘kataka' dahine kari' vane pravesila
SYNONYMS
prasiddha -- well-known; patha -- public way; chadi' -- giving up;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; upapathe -- through a bypass; calila -
- began to walk; kataka -- the city of Kataka; dahine -- on the right
side; kari' -- keeping; vane -- within the forest; pravesila -- entered.
TRANSLATION
The Lord abandoned walking on the well-known public road and went
instead along a bypass. He thus kept the city of Kataka on His right as
He entered the forest.
Madhya 17.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
nirjana-vane cale prabhu krsna-nama lana
hasti-vyaghra patha chade prabhure dekhiya
SYNONYMS
nirjana-vane -- in a solitary forest; cale -- walks; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-nama lana -- chanting the holy name of Krsna;
hasti -- elephants; vyaghra -- tigers; patha chade -- leave the path;
prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhiya -- seeing.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord passed through the solitary forest chanting the holy name
of Krsna, the tigers and elephants, seeing Him, gave way.
Madhya 17.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
pale-pale vyaghra, hasti, gandara, sukara-gana
tara madhye avese prabhu karila gamana
SYNONYMS
pale-pale -- in flocks; vyaghra -- tigers; hasti -- elephants; gandara --
rhinoceros; sukara-gana -- boars; tara madhye -- through them; avese --
in ecstasy; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karila gamana -- passed.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord passed through the jungle in great ecstasy, packs of
tigers, elephants, rhinoceros and boars came, and the Lord passed right
through them.
Madhya 17.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
dekhi' bhattacaryera mane haya maha-bhaya
prabhura pratape tara eka pasa haya
SYNONYMS
dekhi' -- seeing; bhattacaryera -- of Bhattacarya; mane -- in the mind;
haya -- there was; maha-bhaya -- great fear; prabhura pratape -- by the
influence of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tara -- they; eka pasa haya --
stand to one side.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya was very much afraid to see them, but by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's influence, all the animals stood to one side.
Madhya 17.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
eka-dina pathe vyaghra kariyache sayana
avese tara gaye prabhura lagila carana
SYNONYMS
eka-dina -- one day; pathe -- on the path; vyaghra -- a tiger; kariyache
sayana -- was lying down; avese -- in ecstatic love; tara gaye -- on his
body; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; lagila -- touched;
carana -- lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
One day a tiger was lying on the path, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
walking along the path in ecstatic love, touched the tiger with His feet.
Madhya 17.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- kaha ‘krsna', vyaghra uthila
‘krsna' ‘krsna' kahi' vyaghra nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; kaha krsna -- please chant
Hare Krsna; vyaghra uthila -- the tiger got up; krsna krsna kahi' --
chanting the holy name of Krsna; vyaghra -- the tiger; nacite -- to
dance; lagila -- began.
TRANSLATION
The Lord said, "Chant the holy name of Krsna!" The tiger immediately got
up and began to dance and to chant "Krsna! Krsna!"
Madhya 17.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
ara dine mahaprabhu kare nadi snana
matta-hasti-yutha aila karite jala-pana
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- another day; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare --
does; nadi snana -- bathing in the river; matta-hasti-yutha -- a herd of
maddened elephants; aila -- came; karite -- to do; jala-pana -- drinking
water.
TRANSLATION
Another day, while Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was bathing in a river, a
herd of maddened elephants came there to drink water.
Madhya 17.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
prabhu jala-krtya kare, age hasti aila
‘krsna kaha' bali' prabhu jala pheli' marila
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala-krtya kare -- bathed and
was chanting the Gayatri mantra within the water; age -- in front; hasti
-- the elephants; aila -- came; krsna kaha -- chant Hare Krsna; bali' --
saying; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala pheli' -- throwing
water; marila -- struck.
TRANSLATION
While the Lord was bathing and murmuring the Gayatri mantra, the
elephants came before Him. The Lord immediately splashed some water on
the elephants and asked them to chant the name of Krsna.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was the Supreme Personality of Godhead playing
the part of a very great, advanced devotee. On the maha-bhagavata
platform, the devotee makes no distinction between friends and enemies.
On that platform he sees everyone as a servant of Krsna. As stated in
the Bhagavad-gita (5.18):
vidya-vinaya-sampanne brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva sva-pake ca panditah sama-darsinah
"The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a
learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog, and a dog-eater [
outcaste]."
A maha-bhagavata, being learned and advanced in spiritual consciousness,
sees no difference between a tiger, an elephant or a learned scholar.
The test of advanced spiritual consciousness is that one becomes
fearless. He envies no one, and he is always engaged in the Lord's
service. He sees every living entity as an eternal part and parcel of
the Lord, rendering service according to his capacity by the will of the
Supreme Lord. As Krsna confirms in the Bhagavad-gita (15.15):
sarvasya caham hrdi sannivisto
mattah smrtir jnanam apohanam ca
"I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance,
knowledge and forgetfulness."
The maha-bhagavata knows that Krsna is in everyone's heart. Krsna is
dictating, and the living entity is following His dictations. Krsna is
within the heart of the tiger, elephant and boar. Therefore Krsna tells
them, "Here is a maha-bhagavata. Please do not disturb him." Why, then,
should the animals be envious of such a great personality? Those who are
neophytes or even a little progressed in devotional service should not
try to imitate the maha-bhagavata. Rather, they should only follow in
his footsteps. The word anukara means "imitating," and anusara means "
trying to follow in the footsteps." We should not try to imitate the
activities of a maha-bhagavata or Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Our best
efforts should be exerted in trying to follow them according to our
ability. The maha-bhagavata's heart is completely freed from material
contamination, and he can become very dear even to fierce animals like
tigers and elephants. Indeed, the maha-bhagavata treats them as his very
intimate friends. On this platform there is no question of envy. When
the Lord was passing through the forest, He was in ecstasy, thinking the
forest to be Vrndavana. He was simply searching for Krsna.
Madhya 17.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
sei jala-bindu-kana lage yara gaya
sei ‘krsna' ‘krsna' kahe, preme nace, gaya
SYNONYMS
sei -- those; jala -- of water; bindu -- drops; kana -- particles; lage -
- touch; yara -- whose; gaya -- body; sei -- they; krsna krsna -- Krsna,
Krsna; kahe -- say; preme -- in ecstasy; nace -- dance; gaya -- sing.
TRANSLATION
The elephants whose bodies were touched by the water splashed by the
Lord began to chant "Krsna! Krsna!" and dance and sing in ecstasy.
Madhya 17.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
keha bhume pade, keha karaye citkara
dekhi' bhattacaryera mane haya camatkara
SYNONYMS
keha -- some of them; bhume -- on the ground; pade -- fall down; keha --
some of them; karaye -- perform; cit-kara -- screaming; dekhi' -- seeing;
bhattacaryera -- of Bhattacarya; mane -- in the mind; haya -- there was;
camatkara -- astonishment.
TRANSLATION
Some of the elephants fell to the ground, and some screamed in ecstasy.
Seeing this, Balabhadra Bhattacarya was completely astonished.
Madhya 17.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
pathe yaite kare prabhu ucca sankirtana
madhura kantha-dhvani suni' aise mrgi-gana
SYNONYMS
pathe yaite -- while passing on the path; kare -- does; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ucca -- loud; sankirtana -- chanting of Hare Krsna;
madhura -- sweet; kantha-dhvani -- the voice from His throat; suni' --
hearing; aise -- came; mrgi-gana -- she-deer.
TRANSLATION
Sometimes Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu chanted very loudly while passing
through the jungle. Hearing His sweet voice, all the does came near Him.
Madhya 17.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
dahine-vame dhvani suni' yaya prabhu-sange
prabhu tara anga muche, sloka pade range
SYNONYMS
dahine-vame -- right and left; dhvani -- vibration; suni' -- hearing;
yaya -- they follow; prabhu-sange -- with the Lord; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tara -- their; anga -- bodies; muche -- pats; sloka
-- verse; pade -- recites; range -- in great curiosity.
TRANSLATION
Hearing the Lord's great vibration, all the does followed Him left and
right. While reciting a verse with great curiosity, the Lord patted them.
Madhya 17.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
dhanyah sma mudha-matayo 'pi harinya eta
ya nanda-nandanam upatta-vicitra-vesam
akarnya venu-ranitam saha-krsna-sarah
pujam dadhur viracitam pranayavalokaih
SYNONYMS
dhanyah -- fortunate, blessed; sma -- certainly; mudha-matayah --
foolish, without good sense; api -- although; harinyah -- she-deer; etah
-- these; yah -- who; nanda-nandanam -- the son of Maharaja Nanda;
upatta-vicitra-vesam -- dressed very attractively; akarnya -- hearing;
venu-ranitam -- the sound of His flute; saha-krsna-sarah -- accompanied
by the black deer (their husbands); pujam dadhuh -- they worshiped;
viracitam -- performed; pranaya-avalokaih -- by their affectionate
glances.
TRANSLATION
"‘Blessed are all these foolish deer because they have approached
Maharaja Nanda's son, who is gorgeously dressed and is playing on His
flute. Indeed, both the does and the bucks worship the Lord with looks
of love and affection.'"
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.21.11) spoken by the gopis of
Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
hena-kale vyaghra tatha aila panca-sata
vyaghra-mrgi mili' cale mahaprabhura satha
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; vyaghra -- tigers; tatha -- there; aila --
came; panca-sata -- five to seven; vyaghra-mrgi -- the tigers and deer;
mili' -- coming together; cale -- go; mahaprabhura satha -- with Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was passing through the jungle, five or
seven tigers came. Joining the deer, the tigers began to follow the Lord.
Madhya 17.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
dekhi' mahaprabhura ‘vrndavana'-smrti haila
vrndavana-guna-varnana sloka padila
SYNONYMS
dekhi' -- seeing; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vrndavana -
- of the holy land of Vrndavana; smrti haila -- there was remembrance;
vrndavana -- of Sri Vrndavana; guna -- of the qualities; varnana --
description; sloka -- verse; padila -- recited.
TRANSLATION
Seeing the tigers and deer following Him, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
immediately remembered the land of Vrndavana. He then began to recite a
verse describing the transcendental quality of Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
yatra naisarga-durvairah
sahasan nr-mrgadayah
mitranivajitavasa-
druta-rut-tarsanadikam
SYNONYMS
yatra -- where; naisarga -- by nature; durvairah -- living in enmity;
saha asan -- live together; nr -- human beings; mrga-adayah -- and
animals; mitrani -- friends; iva -- like; ajita -- of Lord Sri Krsna;
avasa -- residence; druta -- gone away; rut -- anger; tarsana-adikam --
thirst and so on.
TRANSLATION
"‘Vrndavana is the transcendental abode of the Lord. There is no hunger,
anger or thirst there. Though naturally inimical, human beings and
fierce animals live together there in transcendental friendship.'"
PURPORT
This is a statement from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.13.60). After stealing
the cowherd boys and calves of Sri Krsna, Lord Brahma kept them asleep
and hid them. After a moment, Brahma returned to see Krsna's condition.
When he saw that Krsna was still busy with His cowherd boyfriends and
animals and was not disturbed, Lord Brahma appreciated the
transcendental opulence of Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
‘krsna krsna kaha' kari' prabhu yabe balila
‘krsna' kahi' vyaghra-mrga nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
krsna krsna kaha -- chant "Krsna, Krsna"; kari' -- in this way; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yabe -- when; balila -- uttered; krsna kahi' --
chanting the holy name of Krsna; vyaghra-mrga -- the tigers and deer;
nacite lagila -- began to dance.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said "Chant ‘Krsna! Krsna!'" the tigers and
deer began to chant "Krsna!" and dance.
Madhya 17.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
nace, kunde vyaghra-gana mrgi-gana-sange
balabhadra-bhattacarya dekhe apurva-range
SYNONYMS
nace -- dance; kunde -- jump; vyaghra-gana -- the tigers; mrgi-gana-
sange -- with the does; balabhadra-bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
dekhe -- sees; apurva-range -- with great wonder.
TRANSLATION
When all the tigers and does danced and jumped, Balabhadra Bhattacarya
saw them and was struck with wonder.
Madhya 17.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
vyaghra-mrga anyonye kare alingana
mukhe mukha diya kare anyonye cumbana
SYNONYMS
vyaghra-mrga -- the tigers and deer; anyonye -- one another; kare -- do;
alingana -- embracing; mukhe mukha diya -- touching one another's mouths;
kare -- do; anyonye cumbana -- kissing one another.
TRANSLATION
Indeed, the tigers and deer began to embrace one another, and touching
mouths, they began to kiss.
Madhya 17.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
kautuka dekhiya prabhu hasite lagila
ta-sabake tahan chadi' age cali' gela
SYNONYMS
kautuka dekhiya -- seeing this fun; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
hasite lagila -- began to smile; ta-sabake -- all of them; tahan chadi' -
- leaving there; age -- forward; cali' gela -- advanced.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw all this fun, He began to smile.
Finally He left the animals and continued on His way.
Madhya 17.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
mayuradi paksi-gana prabhure dekhiya
sange cale, ‘krsna' bali' nace matta hana
SYNONYMS
mayura-adi -- beginning with peacocks; paksi-gana -- different types of
birds; prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhiya -- seeing; sange
cale -- go with Him; krsna bali' -- chanting the holy name of Krsna;
nace -- dance; matta hana -- becoming mad.
TRANSLATION
Various birds, including the peacock, saw Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and
began to follow Him, chanting and dancing. They were all maddened by the
holy name of Krsna.
Madhya 17.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
‘hari-bola' bali' prabhu kare ucca-dhvani
vrksa-lata -- praphullita, sei dhvani suni,
SYNONYMS
hari-bola -- the vibration of "Haribol"; bali' -- chanting; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare -- makes; ucca-dhvani -- a loud sound;
vrksa-lata -- the trees and creepers; praphullita -- very jubilant; sei -
- that; dhvani -- sound; suni' -- hearing.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord loudly chanted "Haribol!" the trees and creepers became
jubilant to hear Him.
PURPORT
The loud chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra is so powerful that it can
even penetrate the ears of trees and creepers, what to speak of those of
animals and human beings. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu once asked Haridasa
Thakura how trees and plants could be delivered, and Haridasa Thakura
replied that the loud chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra would
benefit not only trees and plants but insects and all other living
beings. One should therefore not be disturbed by the loud chanting of
Hare Krsna, for it is beneficial not only to the chanter but to everyone
who gets an opportunity to hear.
Madhya 17.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
‘jharikhande' sthavara-jangama ache yata
krsna-nama diya kaila premete unmatta
SYNONYMS
jharikhande -- in the place known as Jharikhanda; sthavara-jangama --
moving and not moving; ache -- there are; yata -- all; krsna-nama diya --
giving them the holy name of Lord Krsna; kaila -- made; premete -- in
ecstasy; unmatta -- mad.
TRANSLATION
Thus all living entities in the forest of Jharikhanda -- some moving and
some standing still -- became maddened by hearing the holy name of Lord
Krsna vibrated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
The great forest of Jharikhanda is a great tract of land including
Atagada, Dhenkanala, Angula, Lahara, Kiyanjhada, Bamada, Bonai,
Gangapura, Chota Nagapura, Yasapura and Saraguja. All these places,
which are covered with mountains and jungles, are known as Jharikhanda.
Madhya 17.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
yei grama diya yana, yahan karena sthiti
se-saba gramera lokera haya ‘prema-bhakti'
SYNONYMS
yei grama -- which villages; diya yana -- the Lord goes through; yahan --
where; karena -- takes; sthiti -- rest; se-saba -- all those; gramera --
of the villages; lokera -- of the people; haya -- there is awakening of;
prema-bhakti -- ecstatic love of God.
TRANSLATION
In all the villages through which the Lord passed and in all the places
He rested on His journey, everyone was purified and awakened to ecstatic
love of God.
Madhya 17.48–49
TEXTS 48–49
TEXT
keha yadi tanra mukhe sune krsna-nama
tanra mukhe ana sune tanra mukhe ana
sabe ‘krsna' ‘hari' bali' nace, kande, hase
paramparaya ‘vaisnava' ha-ila sarva dese
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; yadi -- when; tanra mukhe -- from His mouth; sune --
hears; krsna-nama -- chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra; tanra mukhe --
from the mouth of such chanters; ana sune -- someone else hears; tanra
mukhe -- and from his mouth; ana -- someone else; sabe -- all of them;
krsna -- Lord Krsna's holy name; hari -- another holy name of the Lord;
bali' -- chanting; nace -- dance; kande -- cry; hase -- smile;
paramparaya -- by disciplic succession; vaisnava -- devotees; ha-ila --
became; sarva-dese -- in all countries.
TRANSLATION
When someone heard the chanting of the holy name from the mouth of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and someone else heard this chanting from that
second person, and someone again heard this chanting from the third
person, everyone in all countries became a Vaisnava through such
disciplic succession. Thus everyone chanted the holy name of Krsna and
Hari, and they danced, cried and smiled.
PURPORT
The transcendental potency of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra is herein
explained. First, the holy name is vibrated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
When someone hears from Him directly, he is purified. When another
person hears from that person, he also is purified. In this way the
purification process is advanced among pure devotees. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and no one can claim
His potency. Nonetheless, if one is a pure devotee, hundreds and
thousands of men can be purified by his vibration. This potency is
within every living being, provided he chants the Hare Krsna maha-mantra
offenselessly and without material motives. When a pure devotee chants
offenselessly, another person will become a Vaisnava, and from him
another Vaisnava will emerge. This is the parampara system.
Madhya 17.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
yadyapi prabhu loka-sanghattera trase
prema ‘gupta' karena, bahire na prakase
SYNONYMS
yadyapi -- although; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; loka-sanghattera
-- of crowds of people; trase -- being afraid; prema -- ecstasy; gupta
karena -- keeps hidden; bahire -- externally; na -- does not; prakase --
manifest.
TRANSLATION
The Lord did not always manifest His ecstasy. Being afraid of a great
assembly of people, the Lord kept His ecstasy concealed.
Madhya 17.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
tathapi tanra darsana-sravana-prabhave
sakala desera loka ha-ila ‘vaisnave'
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- still; tanra -- His; darsana -- of seeing; sravana -- of
hearing; prabhave -- by the potency; sakala -- all; desera -- of
countries; loka -- people; ha-ila -- became; vaisnave -- pure devotees
of the Lord.
TRANSLATION
Although Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not manifest His natural ecstatic
love, everyone became a pure devotee simply by seeing and hearing Him.
PURPORT
Srila Rupa Gosvami has described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as maha-vadanya-
avatara, the most munificent incarnation. Although Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is not physically present now, simply by chanting His holy
name (sri-krsna-caitanya prabhu-nityananda sri-advaita gadadhara
srivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrnda) people throughout the world are becoming
devotees. This is due to the ecstatic chanting of the holy name of the
Lord. It is said that a pure devotee can see the Lord at every moment,
and because of this he is empowered by the Lord. This is confirmed in
the Brahma-samhita (5.38): premanjana-cchurita-bhakti-vilocanena santah
sadaiva hrdayesu vilokayanti. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared five
hundred years ago, but it cannot be said that now the potency of the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra is less than it was in His presence. By hearing
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu through the parampara system, one can be
purified. Therefore in this verse it is said, tathapi tanra darsana-
sravana-prabhave. It is not that everyone is able to see Krsna or Sri
Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu physically, but if one hears about Him through
books like Sri Caitanya-caritamrta and through the parampara system of
pure Vaisnavas, there is no difficulty in becoming a pure Vaisnava, free
from mundane desires and personal motivations.
Madhya 17.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
gauda, banga, utkala, daksina-dese giya
lokera nistara kaila apane bhramiya
SYNONYMS
gauda -- Bengal; banga -- East Bengal; utkala -- Orissa; daksina-dese --
southern India; giya -- going; lokera -- of all the people; nistara --
liberation; kaila -- did; apane -- personally; bhramiya -- touring.
TRANSLATION
In this way, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally toured Bengal, East
Bengal, Orissa and the southern countries, and He delivered all kinds of
people by spreading Krsna consciousness.
Madhya 17.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
mathura yaibara chale asena jharikhanda
bhilla-praya loka tahan parama-pasanda
SYNONYMS
mathura -- to Mathura; yaibara -- of going; chale -- on the pretext;
asena -- came; jharikhanda -- to Jharikhanda; bhilla-praya -- like the
Bheels, a kind of low people; loka -- people; tahan -- there; parama-
pasanda -- without God consciousness.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to Jharikhanda on His way to Mathura,
He found that the people there were almost uncivilized and were devoid
of God consciousness.
PURPORT
The word bhilla refers to a class of men belonging to the Bheels. The
Bheels are like Black Africans, and they are lower than sudras. Such
people generally live in the jungle, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had to
meet them.
Madhya 17.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
nama-prema diya kaila sabara nistara
caitanyera gudha-lila bujhite sakti kara
SYNONYMS
nama-prema diya -- bestowing upon them ecstatic love and the holy name;
kaila -- did; sabara nistara -- liberation of all of them; caitanyera --
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gudha-lila -- confidential pastimes; bujhite
-- to understand; sakti -- the power; kara -- who has.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave even the Bheels an opportunity to chant the
holy name and come to the platform of ecstatic love. Thus He delivered
all of them. Who has the power to understand the transcendental pastimes
of the Lord?
PURPORT
As evidence of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mercy, we are experiencing that
the people of Africa are taking to Krsna consciousness, chanting and
dancing and taking prasadam like other Vaisnavas. This is all due to the
power of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Who can understand how His potency is
working all over the world?
Madhya 17.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
vana dekhi' bhrama haya -- ei ‘vrndavana'
saila dekhi' mane haya -- ei ‘govardhana'
SYNONYMS
vana dekhi' -- seeing the forest; bhrama haya -- there is illusion; ei --
this; vrndavana -- Vrndavana forest; saila dekhi' -- seeing a hill;
mane haya -- considers; ei govardhana -- this is Govardhana Hill.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed through the Jharikhanda forest, He
took it for granted that it was Vrndavana. When He passed over the hills,
He took it for granted that they were Govardhana.
Madhya 17.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
yahan nadi dekhe tahan manaye -- ‘kalindi'
maha-premavese nace prabhu pade kandi'
SYNONYMS
yahan -- wherever; nadi -- river; dekhe -- sees; tahan -- there; manaye -
- considers; kalindi -- the river Yamuna; maha-prema-avese -- in great
ecstatic love; nace -- dances; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; pade --
falls down; kandi' -- crying.
TRANSLATION
Similarly, whenever Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw a river, He immediately
accepted it as the river Yamuna. Thus while in the forest He was filled
with great ecstatic love, and He danced and fell down crying.
Madhya 17.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
pathe yaite bhattacarya saka-mula-phala
yahan yei payena tahan layena sakala
SYNONYMS
pathe yaite -- while passing on the way; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra
Bhattacarya; saka -- spinach; mula -- roots; phala -- fruits; yahan --
wherever; yei -- whatever; payena -- he gets; tahan -- there; layena --
he takes; sakala -- all.
TRANSLATION
Along the way, Balabhadra Bhattacarya collected all kinds of spinach,
roots and fruit whenever possible.
Madhya 17.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
ye-grame rahena prabhu, tathaya brahmana
panca-sata jana asi' kare nimantrana
SYNONYMS
ye-grame -- in whatever village; rahena -- stays; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; tathaya -- there; brahmana-brahmanas; panca-sata jana --
five or seven persons; asi' -- coming; kare -- do; nimantrana --
invitation.
TRANSLATION
Whenever Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited a village, a few brahmanas --
five or seven -- would come and extend invitations to the Lord.
Madhya 17.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
keha anna ani' deya bhattacarya-sthane
keha dugdha, dadhi, keha ghrta, khanda ane
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; anna -- grain; ani' -- bringing; deya -- delivers;
bhattacarya-sthane -- before Balabhadra Bhattacarya; keha -- someone;
dugdha -- milk; dadhi -- yogurt; keha -- someone; ghrta -- ghee; khanda -
- sugar; ane -- brings.
TRANSLATION
Some people would bring grain and deliver it to Balabhadra Bhattacarya.
Others would bring milk and yogurt, and still others would bring ghee
and sugar.
Madhya 17.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
yahan vipra nahi tahan ‘sudra-mahajana'
asi' sabe bhattacarye kare nimantrana
SYNONYMS
yahan -- wherever; vipra-brahmana; nahi -- there is not; tahan -- there;
sudra-maha-jana -- devotees born in families other than brahmana; asi' --
coming; sabe -- all of them; bhattacarye -- to Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
kare nimantrana -- make invitation.
TRANSLATION
In some villages there were no brahmanas; nonetheless, devotees born in
non-brahmana families came and extended invitations to Balabhadra
Bhattacarya.
PURPORT
Actually a sannyasi or a brahmana will not accept an invitation extended
by a person born in a lower family. However, there are many devotees who
are raised to the platform of brahmana by their initiation. These people
are called sudra-mahajana. This indicates that one who is born in a non-
brahmana family has accepted the brahmana status by initiation. Such
devotees extended invitations to Balabhadra Bhattacarya. A Mayavadi
sannyasi will accept an invitation only from a brahmana family, but a
Vaisnava does not accept an invitation from a brahmana if he does not
belong to the Vaisnava sect. However, a Vaisnava will accept an
invitation from a brahmana or sudra-mahajana if that person is an
initiated Vaisnava. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu Himself accepted invitations
from sudra-mahajanas, and this confirms the fact that anyone initiated
by a Vaisnava mantra can be accepted as a brahmana. One can accept an
invitation from such a person.
Madhya 17.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
bhattacarya paka kare vanya-vyanjana
vanya-vyanjane prabhura anandita mana
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; paka kare -- cooks; vanya-
vyanjana -- all varieties of forest vegetables; vanya-vyanjane -- by
such forest vegetables; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; anandita
mana -- the mind is very happy.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya used to cook all kinds of vegetables gathered
from the forest, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to accept
these preparations.
Madhya 17.62–63
TEXTS 62–63
TEXT
dui-cari dinera anna rakhena samhati
yahan sunya vana, lokera nahika vasati
tahan sei anna bhattacarya kare paka
phala-mule vyanjana kare, vanya nana saka
SYNONYMS
dui-cari -- two to four; dinera -- of days; anna -- food grain; rakhena -
- keeps; samhati -- in stock; yahan -- wherever; sunya vana -- the
solitary forest; lokera -- of people; nahika -- there is not; vasati --
habitation; tahan -- there; sei -- that; anna -- food grain; bhattacarya
-- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; kare paka -- cooks; phala-mule -- with roots
and fruits; vyanjana kare -- he prepares vegetables; vanya -- from the
forest; nana saka -- many kinds of spinach.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya used to keep a stock of food grain that would
last from two to four days. Where there were no people, he would cook
the grain and prepare vegetables, spinach, roots and fruits collected
from the forest.
Madhya 17.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
parama santosa prabhura vanya-bhojane
maha-sukha pana, ye dina rahena nirjane
SYNONYMS
parama -- very much; santosa -- satisfaction; prabhura -- of the Lord;
vanya-bhojane -- in eating vegetables collected from the forest; maha-
sukha pana -- gets great happiness; ye dina -- on which day; rahena --
stays; nirjane -- in a solitary place.
TRANSLATION
The Lord was always very happy to eat these forest vegetables, and He
was even happier when He had an opportunity to stay in a solitary place.
Madhya 17.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
bhattacarya seva kare, snehe yaiche ‘dasa'
tanra vipra vahe jala-patra-bahirvasa
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; seva kare -- renders service;
snehe -- in great affection; yaiche -- exactly like; dasa -- a servant;
tanra vipra -- his brahmana assistant; vahe -- carries; jala-patra --
the waterpot; bahirvasa -- and garments.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya was so affectionate to the Lord that he was
rendering service just like a menial servant. His assistant brahmana
carried the waterpot and garments.
Madhya 17.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
nirjharete usnodake snana tina-bara
dui-sandhya agni-tapa kasthera apara
SYNONYMS
nirjharete -- in the waterfalls; usna-udake -- in warm water; snana --
bath; tina-bara -- thrice; dui-sandhya -- morning and evening; agni-tapa
-- heating by a fire; kasthera -- of wood; apara -- without limit.
TRANSLATION
The Lord used to bathe three times a day in the warm water of the
waterfalls. He also used to heat Himself morning and evening with a fire
made with the limitless wood.
Madhya 17.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
nirantara premavese nirjane gamana
sukha anubhavi' prabhu kahena vacana
SYNONYMS
nirantara -- always; prema-avese -- in ecstatic love; nirjane -- in a
solitary place; gamana -- going; sukha anubhavi' -- feeling happiness;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahena -- says; vacana -- statement.
TRANSLATION
While traveling in this secluded forest and feeling very happy, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu made the following statement.
Madhya 17.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
suna, bhattacarya, -- "ami gelana bahu-desa
vana-pathe duhkhera kahan nahi pai lesa
SYNONYMS
suna -- please hear; bhattacarya -- My dear Bhattacarya; ami -- I;
gelana -- traveled; bahu-desa -- many countries; vana-pathe -- through
the forest path; duhkhera -- of unhappiness; kahan -- anywhere; nahi pai
-- I do not get; lesa -- even a trace.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Bhattacarya, I have traveled very far through the forest, and I
have not even slightly received any trouble.
Madhya 17.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
krsna -- krpalu, amaya bahuta krpa kaila
vana-pathe ani' amaya bada sukha dila
SYNONYMS
krsna -- Lord Krsna; krpalu -- very kind; amaya -- upon Me; bahuta --
greatly; krpa -- mercy; kaila -- showed; vana-pathe -- on the path in
the forest; ani' -- bringing; amaya -- unto Me; bada -- very much; sukha
-- happiness; dila -- gave.
TRANSLATION
"Krsna is very merciful, especially to Me. He has shown His mercy by
bringing Me on this path through the forest. Thus He has given Me great
pleasure.
Madhya 17.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
purve vrndavana yaite karilana vicara
mata, ganga, bhakta-gane dekhiba eka-bara
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; vrndavana -- to the holy place of Vrndavana; yaite --
to go; karilana -- I did; vicara -- consideration; mata -- mother; ganga
-- the Ganges; bhakta-gane -- and devotees; dekhiba -- I shall see; eka-
bara -- once.
TRANSLATION
"Before this, I decided to go to Vrndavana and on the way see My mother,
the river Ganges and other devotees once again.
Madhya 17.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
bhakta-gana-sange avasya kariba milana
bhakta-gane sange lana yaba ‘vrndavana'
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gana-sange -- with all My devotees; avasya -- certainly; kariba --
shall do; milana -- meeting; bhakta-gane -- all the devotees; sange --
along with Me; lana -- taking; yaba -- I shall go; vrndavana -- to
Vrndavana-dhama.
TRANSLATION
"I thought that once again I would see and meet all the devotees and
take them with Me to Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
eta bhavi' gauda-dese karilun gamana
mata, ganga bhakte dekhi' sukhi haila mana
SYNONYMS
eta bhavi' -- thinking like this; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; karilun
gamana -- I went; mata -- My mother; ganga -- the Ganges; bhakte --
devotees; dekhi' -- seeing; sukhi -- happy; haila -- became; mana -- My
mind.
TRANSLATION
"Thus I went to Bengal, and I was very happy to see My mother, the river
Ganges and the devotees.
Madhya 17.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
bhakta-gane lana tabe calilana range
laksa-koti loka tahan haila ama-sange
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gane -- all the devotees; lana -- taking; tabe -- then; calilana
range -- I started with great pleasure; laksa-koti -- many thousands and
millions; loka -- people; tahan -- there; haila -- became; ama-sange --
My companions.
TRANSLATION
"However, when I started for Vrndavana, many thousands and millions of
people gathered and began to go with Me.
Madhya 17.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
sanatana-mukhe krsna ama sikhaila
taha vighna kari' vana-pathe lana aila
SYNONYMS
sanatana-mukhe -- from the mouth of Sanatana; krsna -- Lord Krsna; ama --
unto Me; sikhaila -- gave instructions; taha -- that; vighna kari' --
making a hindrance; vana-pathe -- on the path through the forest; lana --
taking; aila -- came.
TRANSLATION
"Thus I was going to Vrndavana with a big crowd, but through
the mouth of Sanatana, Krsna taught Me a lesson. Thus by making some
impediment, He has brought Me on a path through the
forest to Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
krpara samudra, dina-hine dayamaya
krsna-krpa vina kona ‘sukha' nahi haya"
SYNONYMS
krpara samudra -- ocean of mercy; dina-hine -- unto the poor and fallen;
daya-maya -- very merciful; krsna-krpa -- the mercy of Krsna; vina --
without; kona -- any; sukha -- happiness; nahi haya -- there is not.
TRANSLATION
"Krsna is an ocean of mercy. He is especially merciful to the poor and
fallen. Without His mercy, there is no possibility of happiness."
Madhya 17.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
bhattacarye alingiya tanhare kahila
‘tomara prasade ami eta sukha paila'
SYNONYMS
bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; alingiya -- embracing; tanhare --
unto him; kahila -- said; tomara prasade -- by your kindness; ami -- I;
eta -- so much; sukha -- happiness; paila -- got.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then embraced Balabhadra Bhattacarya and told
him, "It is only by your kindness that I am now so happy."
Madhya 17.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
tenho kahena, -- "tumi ‘krsna', tumi ‘dayamaya'
adhama jiva muni, more ha-ila sadaya
SYNONYMS
tenho kahena -- the Bhattacarya said; tumi krsna -- You are Krsna
Himself; tumi -- You; daya-maya -- merciful; adhama -- the lowest of the
low; jiva -- living entity; muni -- I; more -- unto me; ha-ila -- You
have been; sa-daya -- favorable.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya replied, "My dear Lord, You are Krsna Himself,
and therefore You are merciful. I am a fallen living entity, but You
have bestowed a great favor upon me.
Madhya 17.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
muni chara, more tumi sange lana aila
krpa kari' mora hate ‘prabhu' bhiksa kaila
SYNONYMS
muni -- I; chara -- most fallen; more -- me; tumi -- You; sange -- with;
lana -- taking; aila -- have come; krpa kari' -- showing great mercy;
mora hate -- from my hand; prabhu -- my Lord; bhiksa kaila -- You
accepted food.
TRANSLATION
"Sir, I am most fallen, yet You have brought me with You. Showing great
mercy, You have accepted food prepared by me.
Madhya 17.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
adhama-kakere kaila garuda-samana
‘svatantra isvara' tumi -- svayam bhagavan"
SYNONYMS
adhama-kakere -- the most condemned crow; kaila -- You have made; garuda-
samana -- like Garuda; svatantra -- independent; isvara -- Supreme
Personality of Godhead; tumi -- You; svayam bhagavan -- the original
Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"You have made me Your carrier Garuda, although I am no better than a
condemned crow. Thus You are the independent Personality of Godhead, the
original Lord.
Madhya 17.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
mukam karoti vacalam
pangum langhayate girim
yat-krpa tam aham vande
paramananda-madhavam
SYNONYMS
mukam -- a person who cannot speak; karoti -- makes; vacalam -- an
eloquent speaker; pangum -- a person who cannot even walk; langhayate --
causes to cross over; girim -- the mountain; yat-krpa -- whose mercy;
tam -- unto Him; aham -- I; vande -- offer obeisances; parama-ananda --
the transcendentally blissful; madhavam -- Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"‘The Supreme Personality of Godhead has the form of sac-cid-ananda-
vigraha [Bs. 5.1] -- transcendental bliss, knowledge and eternity. I
offer my respectful obeisances unto Him, who turns the dumb into
eloquent speakers and enables the lame to cross mountains. Such is the
mercy of the Lord.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Bhavartha-dipika commentary on Srimad-
Bhagavatam (1.1.1).
Madhya 17.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
ei-mata balabhadra karena stavana
prema-seva kari' tusta kaila prabhura mana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; balabhadra -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; karena --
offers; stavana -- prayers; prema-seva kari' -- rendering service in
love; tusta -- pacified; kaila -- made; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; mana -- the mind.
TRANSLATION
In this way Balabhadra Bhattacarya offered his prayers to the Lord. By
rendering service unto Him in ecstatic love, he pacified the Lord's mind.
Madhya 17.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
ei-mata nana-sukhe prabhu aila ‘kasi'
madhyahna-snana kaila manikarnikaya asi'
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; nana-sukhe -- in great happiness; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; aila -- came; kasi -- to the holy place named Kasi;
madhyahna-snana -- afternoon bath; kaila -- took; manikarnikaya -- to
the bathing place known as Manikarnika; asi' -- coming.
TRANSLATION
Finally the Lord arrived with great happiness at the holy place called
Kasi. There He took His bath in the bathing ghat known as Manikarnika.
PURPORT
Kasi is another name for Varanasi (Benares). It has been a place of
pilgrimage since time immemorial. Two rivers named Asih and Varuna merge
there. Manikarnika is famous because, according to the opinion of great
personalities, a bejeweled earring fell there from the ear of Lord Visnu.
According to some, it fell from the ear of Lord Siva. The word mani
means "jewel," and karnika means "from the ear." According to some, Lord
Visvanatha is the great physician who cures the disease of material
existence by delivering a person through the ear, which receives the
vibration of the holy name of Lord Rama. Because of this, this holy
place is called Manikarnika. It is said that there is no better place
than where the river Ganges flows, and the bathing ghat known as
Manikarnika is especially sanctified because it is very dear to Lord
Visvanatha. In the Kasi-khanda it is said:
samsari-cintamanir atra yasmat
tarakam saj-jana-karnikayam
sivo 'bhidhatte saha-santa-kale
tad giyate 'sau mani-karniketi
mukti-laksmi maha-pitha-manis tac-caranabjayoh
karnikeyam tatah prahur yam jana mani-karnikam
According to this passage from the Kasi-khanda, one who gives up his
body at Manikarnika is liberated simply by remembering Lord Siva's name.
Madhya 17.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
sei-kale tapana-misra kare ganga-snana
prabhu dekhi' haila tanra kichu vismaya jnana
SYNONYMS
sei-kale -- at that time; tapana-misra -- a brahmana named Tapana Misra;
kare ganga-snana -- was taking his bath in the Ganges; prabhu dekhi' --
seeing the Lord; haila -- there was; tanra -- his; kichu -- some;
vismaya jnana -- astonishment.
TRANSLATION
At that time, Tapana Misra was taking his bath in the Ganges, and he was
astonished to see the Lord there.
Madhya 17.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
‘purve suniyachi prabhu karyachena sannyasa'
niscaya kariya haila hrdaye ullasa
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; suniyachi -- I have heard; prabhu -- Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karyachena sannyasa -- has accepted the renounced
order of life; niscaya kariya -- ascertaining that; haila -- there was;
hrdaye -- within the heart; ullasa -- great jubilation.
TRANSLATION
Tapana Misra then began to think, "I have heard that Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu has accepted the renounced order." Thinking this, Tapana
Misra became very jubilant within his heart.
Madhya 17.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
prabhura carana dhari' karena rodana
prabhu tare uthana kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana -- lotus feet; dhari' --
touching; karena -- does; rodana -- crying; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; tare -- him; uthana -- raising; kaila -- did; alingana --
embracing.
TRANSLATION
He then clasped the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and began to
cry. The Lord raised him up and embraced him.
Madhya 17.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
prabhu lana gela visvesvara-darasane
tabe asi' dekhe bindu-madhava-carane
SYNONYMS
prabhu lana -- taking the Lord; gela -- he went; visvesvara-darasane --
to visit the temple of Visvesvara; tabe -- thereafter; asi' -- coming;
dekhe -- see; bindu-madhava-carane -- the lotus feet of Bindu Madhava.
TRANSLATION
Tapana Misra then took Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to visit the temple of
Visvesvara. Coming from there, they saw the lotus feet of Lord Bindu
Madhava.
PURPORT
The Bindu Madhava temple is the oldest Visnu temple in Varanasi. At
present this temple is known as Veni Madhava, and it is situated on the
banks of the Ganges. Formerly five rivers converged there, and they were
named Dhutapapa, Kirana, Sarasvati, Ganga and Yamuna. Now only the river
Ganges is visible. The old temple of Bindu Madhava, which was visited by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, was later dismantled by Aurangzeb, the great
Hindu-hating emperor of the Mogul dynasty. In the place of this temple,
he constructed a big masjid, or mosque. Later, another temple was
constructed by the side of the mosque, and this temple is still existing.
In the temple of Bindu Madhava there are Deities of four-handed
Narayana and the goddess Laksmi. In front of these Deities is a column
of Sri Garuda, and along the side are deities of Lord Rama, Sita,
Laksmana and Sri Hanumanji.
In the province of Maharashtra is a state known as Satara. During the
time of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, the native prince belonged to
the Vaisnava cult. Being a brahmana, he took charge of worshiping the
Deity. He was known as Srimanta Balasaheb Pantha Maharaja. The state
still bears the expenditure for temple maintenance. The first king in
this dynasty to take charge of worship in the temple, two hundred years
ago, was Maharaja Jagatjivana Rao Saheb.
Madhya 17.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
ghare lana aila prabhuke anandita hana
seva kari' nrtya kare vastra udana
SYNONYMS
ghare lana -- taking to his home; aila -- came; prabhuke -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; anandita hana -- in great happiness; seva kari' -- rendering
service; nrtya kare -- began to dance; vastra udana -- waving his cloth.
TRANSLATION
With great pleasure Tapana Misra brought Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to his
home and rendered service unto Him. Indeed, he began to dance, waving
his cloth.
Madhya 17.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
prabhura caranodaka savamse kaila pana
bhattacaryera puja kaila kariya sammana
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana-udaka -- the water used
to wash the lotus feet; sa-vamse -- with his whole family; kaila pana --
drank; bhattacaryera -- of Bhattacarya; puja -- worship; kaila --
performed; kariya -- showing; sammana -- respect.
TRANSLATION
He washed the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and afterwards he
and his whole family drank the wash water. He also worshiped Balabhadra
Bhattacarya and showed him respect.
Madhya 17.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
prabhure nimantrana kari' ghare bhiksa dila
balabhadra-bhattacarye paka karaila
SYNONYMS
prabhure nimantrana kari' -- inviting the Lord; ghare -- at home; bhiksa
dila -- gave lunch; balabhadra-bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
paka karaila -- he had cook.
TRANSLATION
Tapana Misra invited Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to take lunch at his home,
and he had Balabhadra Bhattacarya cook.
PURPORT
While at Varanasi (Benares), Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu stayed at the house
of Tapana Misra. Near Tapana Misra's house was a bathing ghat known as
Pancanadi-ghata. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to take His bath daily at
this ghat, and He used to see the temple of Bindu Madhava. Then He would
take His lunch at Tapana Misra's house. Near the Bindu Madhava temple is
a big banyan tree, and it is said that after eating, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu used to rest beneath the tree. That banyan tree is still
known today as Caitanya-vata. Gradually, due to changes in language, the
name became Yatana-vata. The local people still call that place Yatana-
vata.
At present, beside a lane there is a tomb of Vallabhacarya, but there is
no sign that Caitanya Mahaprabhu ever lived there. Vallabhacarya was
also known as Mahaprabhu among his disciples. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
probably lived at Yatana-vata, but there is no sign of Candrasekhara's
or Tapana Misra's house, nor is there any sign of the Mayavadi sannyasi
Prakasananda Sarasvati, with whom Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu discussed the
Vedanta-sutra. A little distance from Yatana-vata is a temple of Gaura-
Nityananda established by Sasibhusana Niyogi Mahasaya of Calcutta.
During the time of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, this temple was
managed by the mother-in-law of Sasibhusana and his brother-in-law
Narayana-candra Ghosa.
Madhya 17.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
bhiksa kari' mahaprabhu karila sayana
misra-putra raghu kare pada-samvahana
SYNONYMS
bhiksa kari' -- after finishing His lunch; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; karila sayana -- took rest; misra-putra -- the son of Tapana
Misra; raghu -- Raghu; kare -- does; pada-samvahana -- massaging the
legs.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took His rest after lunch, the son of
Tapana Misra, named Raghu, used to massage His legs.
Madhya 17.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
prabhura ‘sesanna' misra savamse khaila
‘prabhu aila' suni' candrasekhara aila
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sesa-anna -- remnants of food;
misra -- Tapana Misra; sa-vamse -- along with his family; khaila -- ate;
prabhu aila -- the Lord has arrived; suni' -- hearing; candrasekhara
aila -- Candrasekhara came.
TRANSLATION
The remnants of food left by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu were taken by the
whole family of Tapana Misra. When news spread that the Lord had come,
Candrasekhara came to see Him.
Madhya 17.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
misrera sakha tenho prabhura purva dasa
vaidya-jati, likhana-vrtti, varanasi-vasa
SYNONYMS
misrera sakha -- friend of Tapana Misra; tenho -- he; prabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; purva dasa -- former servant; vaidya-jati -- by
caste a physician; likhana-vrtti -- by profession a clerk; varanasi-vasa
-- resident of Varanasi.
TRANSLATION
Candrasekhara happened to be a friend of Tapana Misra's, and he was long
known to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as His servant. He was a physician by
caste, and by profession he was a clerk. At the time he was living in
Varanasi.
Madhya 17.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
asi' prabhu-pade padi' karena rodana
prabhu uthi' tanre krpaya kaila alingana
SYNONYMS
asi' -- coming; prabhu-pade -- at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; padi' -- falling down; karena -- does; rodana -- crying;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; uthi' -- standing; tanre -- unto him;
krpaya -- out of mercy; kaila -- did; alingana -- embracing.
TRANSLATION
When Candresekhara came there, he fell down before the lotus feet of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu and began to cry. The Lord, standing up, embraced
him out of His causeless mercy.
Madhya 17.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
candrasekhara kahe, -- "prabhu, bada krpa kaila
apane asiya bhrtye darasana dila
SYNONYMS
candrasekhara kahe -- Candrasekhara said; prabhu -- my dear Lord; bada
krpa kaila -- You have shown Your causeless mercy; apane -- personally;
asiya -- coming; bhrtye -- unto Your servant; darasana dila -- gave Your
audience.
TRANSLATION
Candrasekhara said, "My dear Lord, You have bestowed Your causeless
mercy upon me because I am Your old servant. Indeed, You have come here
personally to give me Your audience.
Madhya 17.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
apana-prarabdhe vasi' varanasi-sthane
‘maya', ‘brahma' sabda vina nahi suni kane
SYNONYMS
apana-prarabdhe -- because of my past deeds; vasi' -- staying; varanasi-
sthane -- in the place known as Varanasi; maya-maya; brahma -- and
brahma; sabda -- the words; vina -- except; nahi suni -- I do not hear;
kane -- in the ear.
TRANSLATION
"Due to my past deeds, I am residing at Varanasi, but here I do not hear
anything but the words ‘maya' and ‘Brahman.'"
PURPORT
The word prarabdhe ("past deeds") is important in this verse. Since
Candrasekhara was a devotee, he was always eager to hear about Krsna and
His transcendental pastimes. Most of the inhabitants of Benares were and
are impersonalists, worshipers of Lord Siva and followers of the
pancopasana method. The impersonalists imagine some form of the
impersonal Brahman, and to facilitate meditation they concentrate upon
the forms of Visnu, Siva, Ganesa, Surya and goddess Durga. Actually
these pancopasakas are not devotees of anyone. As it is said, to be a
servant of everyone is to be a servant of no one. Varanasi, or Kasi, is
the chief holy place of pilgrimage for impersonalists, and it is not at
all suitable for devotees. A Vaisnava likes to live in a visnu-tirtha, a
place where Lord Visnu's temples are present. In Varanasi there are many
hundreds and thousands of Lord Siva's temples, or pancopasaka temples.
Consequently Candrasekhara expressed great unhappiness as he informed
Lord Caitanya that he was obliged to live at Benares due to his past
misdeeds. As said in the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, durjaty-arambhakam
papam yat syat prarabdham eva tat: "According to one's past misdeeds,
one takes birth on a lower platform." But in the Brahma-samhita (5.54)
it is said, karmani nirdahati kintu ca bhakti-bhajam: "There is no karma
attached to the past deeds or misdeeds of one in devotional service." A
devotee is not subjected to karma-phala, the effect of fruitive activity.
Karma-phala is applicable to karmis, not bhaktas.
There are three kinds of devotees: those who are eternally on the
transcendental platform (nitya-siddha), those who have been elevated to
the transcendental platform by the execution of devotional service (
sadhana-siddha), and those who are neophytes advancing toward the
perfectional platform (sadhaka). The sadhakas are gradually becoming
free from fruitive reaction. The Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.1.17)
describes the symptoms of bhakti-yoga thus:
klesa-ghni subha-da moksa-laghuta-krt su-durlabha
sandrananda-visesatma sri-krsnakarsini ca sa
Devotional service is klesa-ghni even for beginners. This means that it
reduces or nullifies all kinds of suffering. The word subha-da indicates
that devotional service bestows all good fortune, and the word krsna-
akarsini indicates that devotional service gradually attracts Krsna
toward the devotee. Consequently a devotee is not subject to any sinful
reaction. In the Bhagavad-gita (18.66) Krsna says:
sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami ma sucah
"Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall
deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear."
Thus a fully surrendered, sincere devotee immediately receives relief
from all kinds of sinful reactions. There are three stages of
fructification for sinful activity. At one stage, one commits the sinful
act, before that the seed of this act exists, and before that there is
ignorance whereby one commits the sin. Suffering is involved in all
three stages. However, Krsna is merciful to His devotee, and
consequently He immediately nullifies all three stages -- the sin, the
seed of sin and the ignorance that leads one to sin. The Padma Purana
confirms this:
aprarabdha-phalam papam kutam bijam phalonmukham
kramenaiva praliyeta visnu-bhakti-ratatmanam
For a further explanation of this topic, The Nectar of Devotion should
be consulted.
Madhya 17.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
sad-darsana-vyakhya vina katha nahi etha
misra krpa kari' more sunana krsna-katha
SYNONYMS
sat-darsana -- of the six philosophical theses; vyakhya -- explanation;
vina -- except; katha -- talk; nahi -- not; etha -- here; misra --
Tapana Misra; krpa kari' -- being very merciful; more -- unto me; sunana
-- explains; krsna-katha -- topics of Lord Sri Krsna.
TRANSLATION
Candrasekhara continued, "There is no talk at Varanasi other than
discussions on the six philosophical theses. Nonetheless, Tapana Misra
has been very kind to me, for he speaks about topics relating to Lord
Krsna.
PURPORT
The six philosophical theses are (1) Vaisesika, propounded by Kanada Rsi,
(2) Nyaya, propounded by Gautama Rsi, (3) Yoga, or mysticism,
propounded by Patanjali Rsi, (4) the philosophy of Sankhya, propounded
by Kapila Rsi, (5) the philosophy of Karma-mimamsa, propounded by
Jaimini Rsi, and (6) the philosophy of Brahma-mimamsa, or Vedanta, the
ultimate conclusion of the Absolute Truth (janmady asya yatah [SB 1.1.1])
, propounded by Vedavyasa. Actually Vedanta philosophy is meant for the
devotees because in the Bhagavad-gita (15.15) Lord Krsna says, vedanta-
krd veda-vid eva caham: "I am the compiler of Vedanta, and I am the
knower of the Vedas." Vyasadeva is an incarnation of Krsna, and
consequently Krsna is the compiler of Vedanta philosophy. Therefore
Krsna clearly knows the purport of Vedanta philosophy. As stated in the
Bhagavad-gita, whoever hears Vedanta philosophy from Krsna is actually
aware of the real meaning of Vedanta. The Mayavadis call themselves
Vedantists but do not at all understand the purport of Vedanta
philosophy. Not being properly educated, people in general think that
Vedanta means the Sankarite interpretation.
Madhya 17.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
nirantara dunhe cinti tomara carana
‘sarvajna isvara' tumi dila darasana
SYNONYMS
nirantara -- incessantly; dunhe -- we two; cinti -- think of; tomara
carana -- Your lotus feet; sarva-jna -- omniscient; isvara -- Supreme
Personality of Godhead; tumi -- You; dila darasana -- gave Your audience.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, we two think of Your lotus feet incessantly. Although You
are the omniscient Supreme Personality of Godhead, You have granted us
Your audience.
Madhya 17.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
suni, -- ‘mahaprabhu' yabena sri-vrndavane
dina kata rahi' tara' bhrtya dui-jane"
SYNONYMS
suni -- I hear; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yabena -- will go;
sri-vrndavane -- to Vrndavana; dina kata -- for some days; rahi' --
staying; tara' -- please deliver; bhrtya -- servants; dui-jane -- two
persons.
TRANSLATION
"My Lord, I have heard that You are going to Vrndavana. Please stay here
at Varanasi for some days and deliver us, for we are Your two servants."
PURPORT
Although Candrasekhara is an eternal servant of the Lord, he humbly
presented himself as fallen, and therefore he requested the Lord to
deliver him and Tapana Misra, His two servants.
Madhya 17.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
misra kahe, -- ‘prabhu, yavat kasite rahiba
mora nimantrana vina anya na maniba'
SYNONYMS
misra kahe -- Tapana Misra said; prabhu -- my Lord; yavat -- as long as;
kasite rahiba -- You will stay at Kasi, Varanasi; mora nimantrana -- my
invitation; vina -- besides; anya -- others; na maniba -- do not accept.
TRANSLATION
Tapana Misra then said, "My dear Lord, as long as You stay at Varanasi,
please do not accept any invitation other than mine."
Madhya 17.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
ei-mata mahaprabhu dui bhrtyera vase
iccha nahi, tabu tatha rahila dina-dase
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dui --
two; bhrtyera -- by servants; vase -- being obliged; iccha nahi -- there
was no such desire; tabu -- still; tatha -- there; rahila -- remained;
dina-dase -- for ten days.
TRANSLATION
Even though He had not made such a plan, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
remained for ten days at Varanasi, being obligated by the requests of
His two servants.
Madhya 17.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
maharastriya vipra aise prabhu dekhibare
prabhura rupa-prema dekhi' haya camatkare
SYNONYMS
maharastriya -- belonging to the Maharashtra state; vipra -- one
brahmana; aise -- comes; prabhu dekhibare -- to see Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; rupa-prema -- beauty
and ecstatic love; dekhi' -- seeing; haya camatkare -- becomes
astonished.
TRANSLATION
At Varanasi there was a Maharashtriyan brahmana who used to come daily
to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This brahmana was simply astonished to
see the Lord's personal beauty and ecstatic love for Krsna.
Madhya 17.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
vipra saba nimantraya, prabhu nahi mane
prabhu kahe, -- ‘aji mora hanache nimantrane'
SYNONYMS
vipra -- the brahmanas; saba -- all; nimantraya -- invite; prabhu --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nahi mane -- does not accept; prabhu kahe -
- the Lord replies; aji -- today; mora -- My; hanache -- has been;
nimantrane -- invitation.
TRANSLATION
When the brahmanas of Varanasi would invite Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to
lunch, the Lord would not accept their invitations. He would reply, "I
have already been invited somewhere else."
Madhya 17.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
ei-mata prati-dina karena vancana
sannyasira sanga-bhaye na manena nimantrana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; prati-dina -- daily; karena vancana -- denies
other inviters; sannyasira -- of the Mayavadi sannyasis; sanga-bhaye --
from fear of the association; na manena -- does not accept; nimantrana --
invitation.
TRANSLATION
Every day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu refused their invitations because He
feared associating with Mayavadi sannyasis.
PURPORT
A Vaisnava sannyasi never accepts an invitation from a party who
considers Mayavadi sannyasis and Vaisnava sannyasis to be one and the
same. In other words, Vaisnava sannyasis do not at all like to associate
with Mayavadi sannyasis, to say nothing of eating with them. This
principle must be followed by the sannyasis of the Krsna consciousness
movement. That is the instruction of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, given by
His personal behavior.
Madhya 17.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
prakasananda sripada sabhate vasiya
‘vedanta' padana bahu sisya-gana lana
SYNONYMS
prakasananda -- Prakasananda; sripada -- a great sannyasi; sabhate -- in
the assembly; vasiya -- sitting down; vedanta -- Vedanta philosophy;
padana -- instructs; bahu -- many; sisya-gana -- disciples; lana --
taking.
TRANSLATION
There was a great Mayavadi sannyasi named Prakasananda Sarasvati, who
used to teach Vedanta philosophy to a great assembly of followers.
PURPORT
Sripada Prakasananda Sarasvati was a Mayavadi sannyasi, and his
characteristics have been described in Caitanya-bhagavata (Madhya-khanda,
Chapter Three):
‘hasta', ‘pada', ‘mukha' mora nahika ‘locana'
veda more ei-mata kare vidambana
kasite padaya veta ‘prakasa-ananda'
sei veta kare mora anga khanda-khanda
vakhanaye veda, mora vigraha na mane
sarvange ha-ila kustha, tabu nahi jane
sarva-yajnamaya mora ye-anga -- pavitra
‘aja', ‘bhava' adi gaya yanhara caritra
‘punya' pavitrata paya ye-anga-parase
taha ‘mithya' bale veta kemana sahase
In the Madhya-khanda, Chapter Twenty, it is said:
sannyasi ‘prakasananda' vasaye kasite
more khanda-khanda veta kare bhala-mate
padaya ‘vedanta', mora ‘vigraha' na mane
kustha karailun ange, tabu nahi jane
‘satya' mora ‘lila-karma', ‘satya' mora ‘sthana'
iha ‘mithya' bale, more kare khan-khan
Being an impersonalist, Prakasananda Sarasvati used to explain the
Absolute Truth as being without hands, legs, mouths or eyes. In this way
he used to cheat the people by denying the personal form of the Lord.
Such a foolish person was Prakasananda Sarasvati, whose only business
was to sever the limbs of the Lord by proving the Lord impersonal.
Although the Lord has form, Prakasananda Sarasvati attempted to cut off
the hands and legs of the Lord. This is the business of demons. The
Vedas state that people who do not accept the Lord's form are rascals.
The form of the Lord is factual, for Krsna states in the Bhagavad-gita (
15.15), vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyah. When Krsna says aham, He says
"I am," which means "I," the person. He adds the word eva, which is used
for conclusive verification. Thus by studying Vedanta philosophy one
must come to know the Supreme Person. Whoever describes Vedic knowledge
as impersonal is a demon. One becomes successful in life by worshiping
the form of the Lord. The Mayavadi sannyasis deny the form of the Lord,
which delivers all fallen souls. Indeed, the Mayavadi demons try to cut
this form to pieces.
The Personality of Godhead is worshiped by exalted demigods like Lord
Brahma and Lord Siva. The original Mayavadi sannyasi, Sankaracarya, also
accepted the fact that the Lord's form is transcendental: narayanah paro
'vyaktat. "Narayana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is beyond the
avyakta, the unmanifested material energy." Avyaktad anda-sambhavah: "
This material world is a creation of that unmanifested material energy."
However, Narayana has His own eternal form, which is not created by the
material energy. Simply by worshiping the form of the Lord, one is
purified. However, Mayavadi sannyasis are impersonalist philosophers,
and they describe the form of the Lord as maya, or false. How can one be
purified by worshiping something false? Mayavadi philosophers have no
sufficient reason for being impersonalists. They blindly follow a
principle that cannot be supported by reason or argument. This was the
situation with Prakasananda Sarasvati, the chief Mayavadi sannyasi of
Benares. He was supposed to teach Vedanta philosophy, but he would not
accept the form of the Lord; therefore he was attacked with leprosy.
Nonetheless, he continued to commit sins by describing the Absolute
Truth as impersonal. The Absolute Truth, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, always displays pastimes and activities, but Mayavadi sannyasis
claim that these activities are false.
Some people falsely claim that Prakasananda Sarasvati later became known
as Prabodhananda Sarasvati, but this is not a fact. Prabodhananda
Sarasvati was the uncle and spiritual master of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami.
In his grhastha life, Prabodhananda Sarasvati was a resident of Sri
Ranga-ksetra, and he belonged to the Vaisnava Ramanuja-sampradaya. It is
a mistake to consider Prakasananda Sarasvati and Prabodhananda Sarasvati
the same man.
Madhya 17.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
eka vipra dekhi' aila prabhura vyavahara
prakasananda-age kahe caritra tanhara
SYNONYMS
eka vipra -- a brahmana; dekhi' -- seeing; aila -- came; prabhura -- of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vyavahara -- activities; prakasananda-age --
before the Mayavadi sannyasi Prakasananda; kahe -- says; caritra tanhara
-- His characteristics.
TRANSLATION
A brahmana who saw the wonderful behavior of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
came to Prakasananda Sarasvati and described the Lord's characteristics.
Madhya 17.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
"eka sannyasi aila jagannatha haite
tanhara mahima-pratapa na pari varnite
SYNONYMS
eka -- a; sannyasi -- person in the renounced order of life; aila -- has
come; jagannatha haite -- from Jagannatha Puri; tanhara -- His; mahima --
glories; pratapa -- influence; na pari varnite -- I cannot describe.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana told Prakasananda Sarasvati, "There is a sannyasi who has
come from Jagannatha Puri, and I cannot describe His wonderful influence
and glories.
Madhya 17.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
sakala dekhiye tante adbhuta-kathana
prakanda-sarira, suddha-kancana-varana
SYNONYMS
sakala dekhiye -- I see everything; tante -- in Him; adbhuta-kathana --
wonderful description; prakanda-sarira -- very large body; suddha --
pure; kancana -- gold; varana -- complexion.
TRANSLATION
"Everything is wonderful about that sannyasi. He has a very well built
and luxuriant body, and His complexion is like purified gold.
Madhya 17.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
ajanu-lambita bhuja, kamala-nayana
yata kichu isvarera sarva sal-laksana
SYNONYMS
ajanu-lambita -- reaching down to the knees; bhuja -- arms; kamala-
nayana -- eyes like the petals of a lotus flower; yata -- as many as;
kichu -- any; isvarera -- of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; sarva --
all; sat-laksana -- transcendental symptoms.
TRANSLATION
"He has arms that extend to His knees, and His eyes are like the petals
of a lotus. In His person are all the transcendental symptoms of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Madhya 17.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
taha dekhi' jnana haya -- ‘ei narayana
yei tanre dekhe, kare krsna-sankirtana
SYNONYMS
taha dekhi' -- seeing that; jnana haya -- one comes to the conclusion;
ei narayana -- He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana
Himself; yei -- anyone who; tanre -- Him; dekhe -- sees; kare --
performs; krsna-sankirtana -- chanting of the holy name of Krsna.
TRANSLATION
"When one sees all these features, one takes Him to be Narayana Himself.
Whoever sees Him immediately begins to chant the holy name of Krsna.
Madhya 17.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
‘maha-bhagavata'-laksana suni bhagavate
se-saba laksana prakata dekhiye tanhate
SYNONYMS
maha-bhagavata -- of a first-class devotee; laksana -- symptoms; suni --
we hear; bhagavate -- in Srimad-Bhagavatam; se-saba laksana -- all those
symptoms; prakata -- manifest; dekhiye -- I see; tanhate -- in Him.
TRANSLATION
"We have heard about the symptoms of a first-class devotee in Srimad-
Bhagavatam, and all those symptoms are manifest in the body of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 17.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
‘nirantara krsna-nama' jihva tanra gaya
dui-netre asru vahe ganga-dhara-praya
SYNONYMS
nirantara -- incessantly; krsna-nama -- the holy name of the Lord; jihva
-- tongue; tanra -- His; gaya -- chants; dui-netre -- in the two eyes;
asru -- tears; vahe -- flow; ganga-dhara-praya -- like the flow of the
Ganges.
TRANSLATION
"His tongue is always chanting the holy name of Krsna, and from His eyes
tears incessantly fall like the flowing Ganges.
Madhya 17.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
ksane nace, hase, gaya, karaye krandana
ksane huhunkara kare, -- simhera garjana
SYNONYMS
ksane -- sometimes; nace -- dances; hase -- laughs; gaya -- sings;
karaye krandana -- cries; ksane -- sometimes; huhun-kara -- loud
vibrations; kare -- makes; simhera garjana -- the roaring of a lion.
TRANSLATION
"Sometimes He dances, laughs, sings and cries, and sometimes He roars
like a lion.
Madhya 17.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
jagat-mangala tanra ‘krsna-caitanya'-nama
nama, rupa, guna tanra, saba -- anupama
SYNONYMS
jagat-mangala -- all-auspicious to the whole world; tanra -- His; krsna-
caitanya -- Sri Krsna Caitanya; nama -- name; nama -- name; rupa -- form;
guna -- the quality; tanra -- His; saba -- all; anupama -- unparalleled.
TRANSLATION
"His name, Krsna Caitanya, is all-auspicious for the world. Everything
about Him -- His name, form and qualities -- is unparalleled.
Madhya 17.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
dekhile se jani tanra ‘isvarera riti'
alaukika katha suni' ke kare pratiti?"
SYNONYMS
dekhile -- simply by seeing; se -- Him; jani -- I understand; tanra --
His; isvarera riti -- characteristics of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead; alaukika -- uncommon; katha -- story; suni' -- hearing; ke --
who; kare pratiti -- will believe.
TRANSLATION
"Simply by seeing Him, one understands that He possesses all the
characteristics of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such
characteristics are certainly uncommon. Who will believe it?"
Madhya 17.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
suniya prakasananda bahuta hasila
vipre upahasa kari' kahite lagila
SYNONYMS
suniya -- hearing; prakasananda -- Prakasananda Sarasvati; bahuta hasila
-- laughed very much; vipre -- at the brahmana; upahasa kari' --
jokingly laughing; kahite lagila -- began to speak.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati laughed very much to hear this description.
Joking and laughing at the brahmana, he began to speak as follows.
Madhya 17.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
"suniyachi gauda-desera sannyasi -- ‘bhavuka'
kesava-bharati-sisya, loka-prataraka
SYNONYMS
suniyachi -- I have heard; gauda-desera sannyasi -- the sannyasi from
Bengal; bhavuka -- sentimental; kesava-bharati-sisya -- disciple of
Kesava Bharati; loka-prataraka -- a first-class pretender.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati said, "Yes, I have heard about Him. He is a
sannyasi from Bengal, and He is very sentimental. I have also heard that
He belongs to the Bharati-sampradaya, for He is a disciple of Kesava
Bharati. However, He is only a pretender."
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was considered bhavuka (sentimental) because He
was always seen in the bhava stage. That is, He always exhibited
ecstatic love for Krsna. However, foolish people considered Him
sentimental. In the material world, so-called devotees sometimes exhibit
emotional symptoms. Caitanya Mahaprabhu's ecstatic love cannot be
compared to the imitative emotional exhibitions of pretenders. Such
exhibitions do not continue for very long. They are temporary. We
actually see that some emotional imitators exhibit certain symptoms, but
immediately after their exhibition, they are attracted to smoking and
other things. In the beginning, when Prakasananda Sarasvati heard of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's activities, he considered them to be those of a
pretender. Consequently he called Him a loka-prataraka, a pretender.
Mayavadis cannot understand the transcendental symptoms exhibited by a
devotee; therefore when such symptoms are manifest, the Mayavadis equate
them with temporary emotional feelings. However, Prakasananda Sarasvati'
s statement is offensive, and consequently he should be considered an
atheist (pasandi). According to Srila Rupa Gosvami, since Prakasananda
Sarasvati was not engaged in the Lord's devotional service, his sannyasa
is to be considered phalgu-vairagya. This means that since he did not
know how to use things for the Lord's service, his renunciation of the
world was artificial.
Madhya 17.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
‘caitanya'-nama tanra, bhavuka-gana lana
dese dese grame grame bule nacana
SYNONYMS
caitanya -- Caitanya; nama tanra -- His name; bhavuka-gana lana --
accompanied by some sentimentalists; dese dese -- from country to
country; grame grame -- from village to village; bule -- travels; nacana
-- causing to dance.
TRANSLATION
Prakasananda Sarasvati continued, "I know that His name is Caitanya and
that He is accompanied by many sentimentalists. His followers dance with
Him, and He tours from country to country and village to village.
Madhya 17.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
yei tanre dekhe, sei isvara kari' kahe
aiche mohana-vidya -- ye dekhe se mohe
SYNONYMS
yei -- anyone who; tanre -- Him; dekhe -- sees; sei -- that person;
isvara kari' -- as the Supreme Personality of Godhead; kahe -- says;
aiche -- such; mohana-vidya -- hypnotism; ye dekhe -- anyone who sees;
se mohe -- he becomes illusioned.
TRANSLATION
"Whoever sees Him accepts Him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Since He has some mystic power by which He hypnotizes people, everyone
who sees Him becomes illusioned.
Madhya 17.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
sarvabhauma bhattacarya -- pandita prabala
suni' caitanyera sange ha-ila pagala
SYNONYMS
sarvabhauma bhattacarya -- Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; pandita prabala -- a
learned scholar; suni' -- I have heard; caitanyera sange -- in the
association of Caitanya; ha-ila pagala -- has become a madman.
TRANSLATION
"Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was a very learned scholar, but I have heard
that he also has become a madman due to his association with this
Caitanya.
Madhya 17.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
‘sannyasi' -- nama-matra, maha-indrajali!
‘kasipure' na vikabe tanra bhavakali
SYNONYMS
sannyasi -- in the renounced order of life; nama-matra -- in name only;
maha-indrajali -- first-class magician; kasipure -- in Kasi; na vikabe --
will not sell; tanra -- His; bhavakali -- sentimental activities.
TRANSLATION
"This Caitanya is a sannyasi in name only. Actually He is a first-class
magician. In any case, His sentimentalism cannot be very much in demand
here in Kasi.
Madhya 17.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
‘vedanta' sravana kara, na yaiha tanra pasa
ucchrnkhala-loka-sange dui-loka-nasa"
SYNONYMS
vedanta -- the philosophy of Vedanta; sravana kara -- go on hearing; na -
- do not; yaiha -- go; tanra pasa -- near Him; ucchrnkhala -- upstart;
loka -- people; sange -- in the association of; dui-loka-nasa --
destruction in this world and the next.
TRANSLATION
"Do not go to see Caitanya. Just continue hearing Vedanta. If you
associate with upstarts, you will be lost in this world and in the next."
PURPORT
The word ucchrnkhala, meaning "whimsical," is significant in this verse.
In the Bhagavad-gita (16.23), Lord Krsna Himself says:
yah sastra-vidhim utsrjya vartate kama-karatah
na sa siddhim avapnoti na sukham na param gatim
"If one acts whimsically and does not follow the sastric principles, he
will never attain perfection, happiness or the spiritual world."
Madhya 17.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
eta suni' sei vipra maha-duhkha paila
‘krsna' ‘krsna' kahi' tatha haite uthi' gela
SYNONYMS
eta suni' -- hearing this; sei vipra -- that brahmana; maha-duhkha paila
-- became very much aggrieved; krsna krsna kahi' -- uttering the holy
name of Lord Krsna; tatha haite -- from there; uthi' gela -- got up and
went away.
TRANSLATION
When the brahmana heard Prakasananda Sarasvati speak like this about Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he became very much grief-stricken. Chanting the
holy name of Krsna, he immediately left.
Madhya 17.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
prabhura darasane suddha hanache tanra mana
prabhu-age duhkhi hana kahe vivarana
SYNONYMS
prabhura darasane -- by seeing personally the Supreme Personality of
Godhead; suddha -- purified; hanache -- was; tanra mana -- his mind;
prabhu-age -- before the Lord; duhkhi hana -- being very unhappy; kahe
vivarana -- described the incidents.
TRANSLATION
The mind of the brahmana was already purified by his seeing the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He therefore went to
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and described what had taken place before the
Mayavadi sannyasi Prakasananda.
Madhya 17.124
TEXT 124
TEXT
suni' mahaprabhu tabe isat hasila
punarapi sei vipra prabhure puchila
SYNONYMS
suni' -- hearing; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tabe -- then;
isat -- mildly; hasila -- smiled; punarapi -- again indeed; sei -- that;
vipra-brahmana; prabhure puchila -- inquired from Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Hearing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu mildly smiled. The brahmana then
spoke again to the Lord.
Madhya 17.125
TEXT 125
TEXT
"tara age yabe ami tomara nama la-ila
seha tomara nama jane, -- apane kahila
SYNONYMS
tara age -- before him; yabe -- when; ami -- I; tomara -- Your; nama --
name; la-ila -- uttered; seha -- he; tomara -- Your; nama -- name; jane -
- knows; apane kahila -- he said himself.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana said, "As soon as I uttered Your name before him, he
immediately confirmed the fact that he knew Your name.
Madhya 17.126
TEXT 126
TEXT
tomara ‘dosa' kahite kare namera uccara
‘caitanya' ‘caitanya' kari' kahe tina-bara
SYNONYMS
tomara dosa -- Your fault; kahite -- describing; kare -- does; namera --
of the name; uccara -- utterances; caitanya caitanya -- Caitanya,
Caitanya; kari' -- in that way; kahe tina-bara -- he uttered three times.
TRANSLATION
"While finding fault with You, he uttered Your name three times, saying ‘
Caitanya, Caitanya, Caitanya.'
Madhya 17.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
tina-bare ‘krsna-nama' na aila tara mukhe
‘avajna'te nama laya, suni' pai duhkhe
SYNONYMS
tina-bare -- three times; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Krsna; na aila -
- did not come; tara mukhe -- in his mouth; avajnate -- in contempt;
nama laya -- takes Your name; suni' -- hearing; pai duhkhe -- I was very
much aggrieved.
TRANSLATION
"Although he spoke Your name three times, he did not utter the name ‘
Krsna.' Because he uttered Your name in contempt, I was very much
aggrieved.
PURPORT
Prakasananda Sarasvati vilified and blasphemed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Words like brahma, caitanya, atma, paramatma, jagadisa, isvara, virat,
vibhu, bhuma, visvarupa and vyapaka all indirectly indicate Krsna.
However, the chanter of these names is not actually attracted to the
Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna and His transcendental pastimes.
One may get a little light from these names, but one cannot understand
that the holy name of the Lord is identical with the Lord. One considers
the Lord's names material due to a poor fund of knowledge. Mayavadi
philosophers and the pancopasakas cannot in the least understand the
existence of the spiritual world and the blissful variegatedness there.
They cannot understand the Absolute Truth and its spiritual varieties --
name, form, qualities and pastimes. Consequently they conclude that
Krsna's transcendental activities are maya. To avoid this misconception
one has to directly cultivate knowledge about the holy name of the Lord.
Mayavadi philosophers do not know this fact, and therefore they commit
great offenses. One should not hear anything about Krsna or devotional
service from the mouths of Mayavadi impersonalists.
Madhya 17.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
ihara karana more kaha krpa kari'
toma dekhi' mukha mora bale ‘krsna' ‘hari'"
SYNONYMS
ihara -- of this; karana -- cause; more -- unto me; kaha -- please speak;
krpa kari' -- by Your causeless mercy; toma dekhi' -- seeing You; mukha
-- mouth; mora -- my; bale -- says; krsna hari -- the holy names of
Krsna and Hari.
TRANSLATION
"Why could Prakasananda not utter the names ‘Krsna' and ‘Hari'? He
chanted the name ‘Caitanya' thrice. As far as I am concerned, simply by
seeing You I am moved to chant the holy names ‘Krsna' and ‘Hari.'"
Madhya 17.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- "mayavadi krsne aparadhi
‘brahma', ‘atma' ‘caitanya' kahe niravadhi
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; mayavadi -- the
impersonalists; krsne -- unto Krsna; aparadhi -- great offenders; brahma-
brahma; atma-atma; caitanya-caitanya; kahe -- say; niravadhi -- without
stopping.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "The Mayavadi impersonalists are great
offenders unto Lord Krsna; therefore they simply utter the words ‘
Brahman,' ‘atma' and ‘caitanya.'
Madhya 17.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
ataeva tara mukhe na aise krsna-nama
‘krsna-nama', ‘krsna-svarupa' -- duita ‘samana'
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; tara mukhe -- in their mouths; na -- not; aise --
manifests; krsna-nama -- the holy name "Krsna"; krsna-nama -- the holy
name "Krsna"; krsna-svarupa -- the personality of the Lord; duita samana
-- both identical.
TRANSLATION
"Because they are offenders unto Krsna, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, who is identical with His holy name, the holy name ‘Krsna' does
not manifest in their mouths.
Madhya 17.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
‘nama', ‘vigraha', ‘svarupa' -- tina eka-rupa
tine ‘bheda' nahi, -- tina ‘cid-ananda-rupa'
SYNONYMS
nama -- the name; vigraha -- form; svarupa -- personality; tina -- all
three; eka-rupa -- one and the same; tine -- between the three; bheda
nahi -- there is no difference; tina -- all three; cit-ananda-rupa --
transcendentally blissful.
TRANSLATION
"The Lord's holy name, His form and His personality are all one and the
same. There is no difference between them. Since all of them are
absolute, they are all transcendentally blissful.
Madhya 17.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
deha-dehira, nama-namira krsne nahi ‘bheda'
jivera dharma -- nama-deha-svarupe ‘vibheda'
SYNONYMS
deha-dehira -- of the body and the owner of the body; nama-namira -- of
the name and the owner of the name; krsne -- in Krsna; nahi bheda --
there is no difference; jivera dharma -- the situation of the
conditioned soul; nama -- name; deha -- body; svarupe -- original form;
vibheda -- different.
TRANSLATION
"There is no difference between Krsna's body and Himself or between His
name and Himself. But as far as the conditioned soul is concerned, one's
name is different from one's body, from one's original form and so on.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is herein pointing out to the brahmana that
Mayavadi philosophers cannot understand that the living entity is equal
in quality with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Because they do not
accept this, they think that the living entity has been falsely divided
from the original Brahman due to being conditioned by maya. Mayavadis
believe that the Absolute Truth is ultimately impersonal. When an
incarnation of God or God Himself comes, they think He is covered by
maya. In other words, Mayavadi impersonalists think that the Lord's form
is also a product of this material world. Due to a poor fund of
knowledge, they cannot understand that Krsna has no body separate from
Himself. His body and Himself are both the same Absolute Truth. Not
having perfect knowledge of Krsna, such impersonalists certainly commit
offenses at His lotus feet. Therefore they do not utter "Krsna, " the
original name of the Absolute Truth. In their impersonal way, they utter
the name of impersonal Brahman, spirit soul. In other words, they
indulge in indirect indications of the Absolute Truth. Even if they
happen to utter the names "Govinda," "Krsna" or "Madhava," they still
cannot understand that these names are as good as Govinda, Krsna or
Madhava the person. Because they are ultimately impersonalists, their
uttering of the personal name has no potency. Actually they do not
believe in Krsna but consider all these names to be material vibrations.
Not being able to appreciate the holy name of the Lord, they simply
utter indirect names like Brahman, atma and caitanya.
It is a fact, however, that the name of Krsna and Krsna the person are
both spiritual. Everything about Krsna is transcendental, blissful and
objective. For a conditioned soul, the body is different from the soul,
and the name given by the father is also different from the soul. The
conditioned living entity's identification with material objects keeps
him from attaining his actual position. Although he is an eternal
servant of Krsna, he acts differently. The svarupa, or actual
identification of the living entity, is described by Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu as jivera ‘svarupa' haya -- krsnera ‘nitya-dasa' [Cc. Madhya
20.108]. The conditioned soul has forgotten the real activities of his
original position. However, this is not the case with Krsna. Krsna's
name and His person are identical. There is no such thing as maya Krsna
because Krsna is not a product of the material creation. There is no
difference between Krsna's body and His soul. Krsna is simultaneously
both soul and body. The distinction between body and soul applies to
conditioned souls. The body of the conditioned soul is different from
the soul, and the conditioned soul's name is different from his body.
One may be named Mr. John, but if we call for Mr. John, Mr. John may
never actually appear. However, if we utter the holy name of Krsna,
Krsna is immediately present on our tongue. In the Padma Purana, Krsna
says, mad-bhakta yatra gayanti tatra tisthami narada: "O Narada, I am
present wherever My devotees are chanting." When the devotees chant the
holy name of Krsna -- Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare -- Lord Krsna is immediately
present.
Madhya 17.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
nama cintamanih krsnas
caitanya-rasa-vigrahah
purnah suddho nitya-mukto
'bhinnatvan nama-naminoh
SYNONYMS
namah -- the holy name; cintamanih -- transcendentally blissful giver of
all spiritual benedictions; krsnah -- not different from Krsna; caitanya-
rasa-vigrahah -- the form of all transcendental mellows; purnah --
complete; suddhah -- pure, without material contamination; nitya --
eternal; muktah -- liberated; abhinnatvat -- due to not being different;
nama -- of the holy name; naminoh -- and of the person who has the name.
TRANSLATION
"‘The holy name of Krsna is transcendentally blissful. It bestows all
spiritual benedictions, for it is Krsna Himself, the reservoir of all
pleasure. Krsna's name is complete, and it is the form of all
transcendental mellows. It is not a material name under any condition,
and it is no less powerful than Krsna Himself. Since Krsna's name is not
contaminated by the material qualities, there is no question of its
being involved with maya. Krsna's name is always liberated and spiritual;
it is never conditioned by the laws of material nature. This is because
the name of Krsna and Krsna Himself are identical.'
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Padma Purana.
Madhya 17.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
ataeva krsnera ‘nama', ‘deha', ‘vilasa'
prakrtendriya-grahya nahe, haya sva-prakasa
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; krsnera -- of Lord Krsna; nama -- the holy name;
deha -- the spiritual body; vilasa -- the pastimes; prakrta-indriya --
by the dull senses made of matter; grahya -- perceptible; nahe -- not;
haya -- are; sva-prakasa -- self-manifested.
TRANSLATION
"The holy name of Krsna, His body and His pastimes cannot be understood
by the blunt material senses. They are manifested independently.
PURPORT
Since Krsna's transcendental body, name, form, qualities, pastimes and
entourage are all the Absolute Truth, they are as good as Krsna Himself (
sac-cid-ananda-vigraha [Bs. 5.1]). As long as the living entity is
conditioned by the three modes of material nature (goodness, passion and
ignorance), the objects of his material senses -- material form, taste,
smell, sound and touch -- will not help him understand spiritual
knowledge and bliss. Rather, these are revealed to the pure devotee. One'
s material name, form and qualities are certainly different from one
another. In the material world, there is no conception of absolute;
however, when we come to Krsna consciousness we find that there is no
material difference between Krsna's body and His names, activities and
entourage.
Madhya 17.135
TEXT 135
TEXT
krsna-nama, krsna-guna, krsna-lila-vrnda
krsnera svarupa-sama -- saba cid-ananda
SYNONYMS
krsna-nama -- the holy name of Krsna; krsna-guna -- the transcendental
qualities of Krsna; krsna-lila-vrnda -- the transcendental pastimes of
Lord Krsna; krsnera svarupa -- Krsna's personality; sama -- equal; saba -
- all; cit-ananda -- spiritual and full of bliss.
TRANSLATION
"Krsna's holy name, transcendental qualities and transcendental pastimes
are all equal to Lord Krsna Himself. They are all spiritual and full of
bliss.
Madhya 17.136
TEXT 136
TEXT
atah sri-krsna-namadi
na bhaved grahyam indriyaih
sevonmukhe hi jihvadau
svayam eva sphuraty adah
SYNONYMS
atah -- therefore (because Krsna's name, form and qualities are all on
the absolute platform); sri-krsna-nama-adi -- Lord Krsna's name, form,
qualities, pastimes and so on; na -- not; bhavet -- can be; grahyam --
perceived; indriyaih -- by the blunt material senses; seva-unmukhe -- to
one engaged in His service; hi -- certainly; jihva-adau -- beginning
with the tongue; svayam -- personally; eva -- certainly; sphurati --
become manifest; adah -- those (Krsna's name, form, qualities and so on).
TRANSLATION
"‘Therefore material senses cannot appreciate Krsna's holy name, form,
qualities and pastimes. When a conditioned soul is awakened to Krsna
consciousness and renders service by using his tongue to chant the Lord'
s holy name and taste the remnants of the Lord's food, the tongue is
purified, and one gradually comes to understand who Krsna really is.'
PURPORT
This verse is recorded in the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.2.234).
Madhya 17.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
brahmananda haite purnananda lila-rasa
brahma-jnani akarsiya kare atma-vasa
SYNONYMS
brahma-ananda -- the pleasure of self-realization; haite -- from; purna-
ananda -- complete pleasure; lila-rasa -- the mellows of the pastimes of
the Lord; brahma-jnani -- those who are on the platform of Brahman
understanding; akarsiya -- attracting; kare -- make; atma-vasa --
subordinate to Krsna.
TRANSLATION
"The mellows of Lord Krsna's pastimes, which are full of bliss, attract
the jnani from the pleasure of Brahman realization and conquer him.
PURPORT
When one understands that he belongs not to the material world but to
the spiritual world, one is called liberated. Being situated in the
spiritual world is certainly pleasurable, but those who realize the
transcendental name, form, qualities and pastimes of Lord Krsna enjoy
transcendental bliss many times more than one who has simply realized
the self. When one is situated on the platform of self-realization, he
can certainly be easily attracted by Krsna and become a servant of the
Lord. This is explained in the Bhagavad-gita (18.54):
brahma-bhutah prasannatma na socati na kanksati
samah sarvesu bhutesu mad-bhaktim labhate param
"One who is thus transcendentally situated at once realizes the Supreme
Brahman and becomes fully joyful. He never laments or desires to have
anything. He is equally disposed to every living entity. In that state
he attains pure devotional service unto Me."
When one becomes spiritually realized (brahma-bhuta [SB 4.30.20]), he
becomes happy (prasannatma), for he is relieved from material
conceptions. One who has attained this platform is not agitated by
material action and reaction. He sees everyone on the platform of spirit
soul (panditah sama-darsinah [Bg. 5.18]). When one is completely
realized, he can rise to the platform of pure devotional service (mad-
bhaktim labhate param [Bg. 18.54]). When one comes to the platform of
bhakti, devotional service, he automatically realizes who Krsna is. As
the Lord says in the Bhagavad-gita (18.55):
bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah
tato mam tattvato jnatva visate tad-anantaram
"One can understand Me as I am, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of Me
by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God."
It is only on the bhakti platform that one can understand the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Krsna and His transcendental name, form,
qualities, pastimes and entourage. Being thus qualified spiritually, one
is allowed to enter the spiritual kingdom of God and return home, back
to Godhead (visate tad-anantaram).
Madhya 17.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
sva-sukha-nibhrta-cetas tad vyudastanya-bhavo
'py ajita-rucira-lilakrsta-saras tadiyam
vyatanuta krpaya yas tattva-dipam puranam
tam akhila-vrjina-ghnam vyasa-sunum nato 'smi
SYNONYMS
sva-sukha -- in happiness of the self; nibhrta -- solitary; cetah --
whose consciousness; tat -- because of that; vyudasta -- given up; anya-
bhavah -- any other type of consciousness; api -- although; ajita -- of
Sri Krsna; rucira -- pleasing; lila -- by the pastimes; akrsta --
attracted; sarah -- whose heart; tadiyam -- consisting of the activities
of the Lord; vyatanuta -- spread, manifested; krpaya -- mercifully; yah -
- who; tattva-dipam -- the bright light of the Absolute Truth; puranam --
the Purana (Srimad-Bhagavatam); tam -- unto him; akhila-vrjina-ghnam --
defeating everything inauspicious; vyasa-sunum -- the son of Vyasadeva;
natah asmi -- I offer my obeisances.
TRANSLATION
"‘Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto my spiritual master, the
son of Vyasadeva, Sukadeva Gosvami. It is he who defeats all
inauspicious things within this universe. Although in the beginning he
was absorbed in the happiness of Brahman realization and was living in a
secluded place, giving up all other types of consciousness, he became
attracted by the most melodious pastimes of Lord Sri Krsna. He therefore
mercifully spoke the supreme Purana, known as Srimad-Bhagavatam, which
is the bright light of the Absolute Truth and which describes the
activities of Lord Krsna.'
PURPORT
This verse was spoken by Suta Gosvami in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12.12.69).
Madhya 17.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
brahmananda haite purnananda krsna-guna
ataeva akarsaye atmaramera mana
SYNONYMS
brahma-ananda -- the pleasure of Brahman realization; haite -- from;
purna-ananda -- complete bliss; krsna-guna -- the qualities of Lord
Krsna; ataeva -- therefore; akarsaye -- attract; atma-aramera mana --
the minds of self-realized persons.
TRANSLATION
"The transcendental qualities of Sri Krsna are completely blissful and
relishable. Consequently Lord Krsna's qualities attract even the minds
of self-realized persons from the bliss of self-realization.
Madhya 17.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
atmaramas ca munayo
nirgrantha apy urukrame
kurvanty ahaitukim bhaktim
ittham-bhuta-guno harih
SYNONYMS
atma-aramah -- persons who take pleasure in being transcendentally
situated in the service of the Lord; ca -- also; munayah -- great
saintly persons who have completely rejected material aspirations,
fruitive activities, and so forth; nirgranthah -- without interest in
any material desire; api -- certainly; urukrame -- unto the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Krsna, whose activities are wonderful; kurvanti -
- do; ahaitukim -- causeless, or without material desires; bhaktim --
devotional service; ittham-bhuta -- so wonderful as to attract the
attention of the self-satisfied; gunah -- who has transcendental
qualities; harih -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"‘Those who are self-satisfied and unattracted by external material
desires are also attracted to the loving service of Sri Krsna, whose
qualities are transcendental and whose activities are wonderful. Hari,
the Personality of Godhead, is called Krsna because He has such
transcendentally attractive features.'
Madhya 17.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
ei saba rahu -- krsna-carana-sambandhe
atmaramera mana hare tulasira gandhe
SYNONYMS
ei saba rahu -- apart from the pastimes of Lord Krsna; krsna-carana-
sambandhe -- in relation to the lotus feet of Krsna; atma-aramera -- of
self-realized persons; mana -- the mind; hare -- attracts; tulasira
gandhe -- the aroma of tulasi leaves.
TRANSLATION
"Apart from the pastimes of Lord Krsna, when tulasi leaves are offered
at the lotus feet of Sri Krsna, even the aroma of the leaves attracts
the minds of self-realized persons.
Madhya 17.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
tasyaravinda-nayanasya padaravinda-
kinjalka-misra-tulasi-makaranda-vayuh
antar-gatah sva-vivarena cakara tesam
sanksobham aksara-jusam api citta-tanvoh
SYNONYMS
tasya -- of Him; aravinda-nayanasya -- of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotus; pada-aravinda -- of
the lotus feet; kinjalka -- with saffron; misra -- mixed; tulasi -- of
tulasi leaves; makaranda -- with the aroma; vayuh -- the air; antah-
gatah -- entered; sva-vivarena -- through the nostrils; cakara --
created; tesam -- of them; sanksobham -- strong agitation; aksara-jusam -
- of the impersonally self-realized (Kumaras); api -- also; citta-tanvoh
-- of the mind and body.
TRANSLATION
"‘When the breeze carrying the aroma of tulasi leaves and saffron from
the lotus feet of the lotus-eyed Personality of Godhead entered through
the nostrils into the hearts of those sages [the Kumaras], they
experienced a change in both body and mind, even though they were
attached to the impersonal Brahman understanding.'
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.15.43). Vidura and Maitreya
discussed the pregnancy of Diti. Diti's pregnancy caused the demigods to
be very much afraid, and the demigods went to see Lord Brahma. Lord
Brahma explained the original incident involving the cursing of Jaya and
Vijaya by the Catuhsana Kumaras. Once the Catuhsana Kumaras went to
Vaikuntha to visit Narayana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but
they were stopped from entering the palace at the seventh gate by two
doorkeepers named Jaya and Vijaya. Due to their jealousy, Jaya and
Vijaya would not allow the Kumaras entry, and consequently the Kumaras
became angry and cursed Jaya and Vijaya, condemning them to take birth
in a family of asuras in the material world. The omniscient Personality
of Godhead could immediately understand the incident, and He came with
His eternal consort, the goddess of fortune. The Catuhsana Kumaras
immediately offered their obeisances unto the Lord. Simply by seeing the
Lord and smelling the aroma of tulasi and saffron from His lotus feet,
the Kumaras became devotees and abandoned their long-cherished
impersonalism. Thus the four Kumaras were turned into Vaisnavas simply
by smelling the aromatic tulasi mixed with saffron. Those who are
actually on the platform of Brahman realization and who have not
offended the lotus feet of Krsna can immediately become Vaisnavas simply
by smelling the aroma of the Lord's lotus feet. But those who are
offenders or demons are never attracted to the Lord's personal feature,
even though they may visit the Lord's temple many times. In Vrndavana we
have seen many Mayavadi sannyasis who do not even come to the temple of
Govindaji, Gopinatha or Madana-mohana because they think that such
temples are maya. Therefore they are called Mayavadis. Sri Krsna
Caitanya Mahaprabhu therefore said that the Mayavadis are the greatest
offenders.
Madhya 17.143
TEXT 143
TEXT
ataeva ‘krsna-nama' na aise tara mukhe
mayavadi-gana yate maha bahirmukhe
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Krsna; na -- does
not; aise -- come; tara mukhe -- in their mouths; mayavadi-gana -- all
the Mayavadis; yate -- because; maha bahih-mukhe -- great offenders by
dint of strong atheism.
TRANSLATION
"Because the Mayavadis are great offenders and atheistic philosophers,
the holy name of Krsna does not come from their mouths.
PURPORT
Because they are constantly blaspheming the Supreme Personality of
Godhead by saying that He has no head, hands or legs, Mayavadi
philosophers remain offenders for many, many births, even though they
have partially realized Brahman. However, if such impersonalists are not
offenders at the lotus feet of the Lord, they immediately become
devotees in the association of a devotee. In other words, if an
impersonalist is not an offender, he can become a devotee if he gets a
chance to associate with other devotees. If he is an offender, he cannot
be converted even by the association of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very much afraid of this
Mayavadi offender; therefore He spoke as follows.
Madhya 17.144
TEXT 144
TEXT
bhavakali vecite ami ailana kasipure
grahaka nahi, na vikaya, lana yaba ghare
SYNONYMS
bhavakali -- devotional sentiments; vecite -- to sell; ami -- I; ailana -
- came; kasipure -- to the city of Kasi; grahaka nahi -- there is no
customer; na vikaya -- do not sell; lana yaba ghare -- then I must take
my commodity back home.
TRANSLATION
"I have come here to sell My emotional ecstatic sentiments in this city
of Kasi, but I cannot find any customers. If they are not sold, I must
take them back home.
Madhya 17.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
bhari bojha lana ailana, kemane lana yaba?
alpa-svalpa-mulya paile, ethai veciba
SYNONYMS
bhari bojha -- heavy load; lana -- bearing; ailana -- I came; kemane --
how; lana yaba -- shall I take it back; alpa-svalpa-mulya -- a fraction
of the real price; paile -- if I get; ethai -- here; veciba -- I shall
sell.
TRANSLATION
"I have brought a heavy load to sell in this city. To take it back again
is a very difficult job; therefore if I get but a fraction of the price,
I shall sell it here in this city of Kasi."
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was selling the transcendental holy name of the
Lord. But Kasi was a city of Mayavadis (impersonalists), and such people
will never chant the holy names of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra.
Consequently Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was feeling disappointed. How could
He teach the Mayavadis the importance of chanting the Hare Krsna maha-
mantra? The attraction for chanting the holy name of the Lord belongs
absolutely to pure devotees, and there was no possibility of finding
pure devotees at Kasi. Consequently Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's commodity
was certainly very heavy. The Lord therefore suggested that even though
there were no pure devotees in Kasi, if someone was a little inclined to
chant the Hare Krsna mantra, He would deliver this big load, although
the proper price was not paid.
Actually we experienced this when we came to preach the Hare Krsna
movement in the West. When we came to New York in 1965, we never
expected that the Hare Krsna maha-mantra would be accepted in this
country. Nonetheless, we invited people to our storefront to join in
chanting the Hare Krsna mantra, and the Lord's holy name is so
attractive that simply by coming to our storefront in New York,
fortunate young people became Krsna conscious. Although this mission was
started with insignificant capital, it is now going nicely. The
spreading of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra in the West has become
successful because the young people were not offenders. The youths who
joined this movement were not very advanced as far as purity is
concerned, nor were they very well educated in Vedic knowledge, but
because they were not offenders, they could accept the importance of the
Hare Krsna movement. We are now very happy to see that this movement is
advancing more and more in the Western countries. We therefore conclude
that the so-called mlecchas and yavanas of the Western countries are
more purified than offensive Mayavadis or atheistic impersonalists.
Madhya 17.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
eta bali' sei vipre atmasatha kari'
prate uthi mathura calila gaurahari
SYNONYMS
eta bali' -- saying this; sei vipre -- that brahmana; atmasatha kari' --
accepting as His devotee; prate uthi -- rising early in the morning;
mathura calila -- started for Mathura; gaurahari -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted that brahmana as His
devotee. The next morning, rising very early, the Lord started for
Mathura.
Madhya 17.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
sei tina sange cale, prabhu nisedhila
dura haite tina-jane ghare pathaila
SYNONYMS
sei tina -- those three; sange -- with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cale --
go; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nisedhila -- forbade; dura haite -
- from a distance; tina-jane -- the three persons; ghare -- home;
pathaila -- sent back.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu started for Mathura, all three devotees
started to go with Him. But the Lord forbade them to accompany Him, and
from a distance He asked them to return home.
Madhya 17.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
prabhura virahe tine ekatra miliya
prabhu-guna gana kare preme matta hana
SYNONYMS
prabhura virahe -- because of separation from the Lord; tine -- all
three; ekatra -- together; miliya -- meeting; prabhu-guna -- the
transcendental qualities of the Lord; gana kare -- chant; preme -- with
love; matta hana -- being mad.
TRANSLATION
Feeling separation from the Lord, the three used to meet and glorify the
holy qualities of the Lord. Thus they were absorbed in ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
‘prayage' asiya prabhu kaila veni-snana
‘madhava' dekhiya preme kaila nrtya-gana
SYNONYMS
prayage -- to Prayaga; asiya -- coming; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did; veni-snana -- bathing in the confluence of the
Ganges and Yamuna; madhava -- the predominating Deity there, Veni
Madhava; dekhiya -- seeing; preme -- in ecstatic love; kaila --
performed; nrtya-gana -- dancing and chanting.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then went to Prayaga, where He bathed at the
confluence of the Ganges and the Yamuna. He then visited the temple of
Veni Madhava and chanted and danced there in ecstatic love.
PURPORT
The city of Prayaga is situated a few miles from the city of Allahabad.
The name Prayaga is given due to successful sacrifices performed there.
It is said, prakrsto yago yaga-phalam yasmat. If one performs sacrifices
at Prayaga, he certainly gets immediate results without difficulty.
Prayaga is also called Tirtharaja, the king of all places of pilgrimage.
This holy place is situated on the confluence of the rivers Ganges and
Yamuna. Every year a fair takes place there known as Magha-mela, and
every twelve years a Kumbha-mela is also held. In any case, many people
come to bathe there every year. During Magha-mela, people from the local
district generally come, and during Kumbha-mela people come from all
over India to live there and bathe in the Ganges and Yamuna. Whoever
goes there immediately feels the place's spiritual influence. A fort
located there was constructed by the emperor Akbar about five hundred
years ago, and near the fort is a place called Triveni. On the other
side of Prayaga is an old place known as Pratisthana-pura. It is also
well known as Jhunsi. Many saintly people live there, and consequently
it is very attractive from the spiritual point of view.
Madhya 17.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
yamuna dekhiya preme pade jhanpa diya
aste-vyaste bhattacarya uthaya dhariya
SYNONYMS
yamuna -- the river Yamuna; dekhiya -- seeing; preme -- in ecstatic love;
pade -- falls down; jhanpa diya -- jumping; aste-vyaste -- in great
haste; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; uthaya -- raises; dhariya -
- catching.
TRANSLATION
As soon as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw the river Yamuna, He threw
Himself into it. Balabhadra Bhattacarya hastily caught the Lord and very
carefully raised Him up again.
Madhya 17.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
ei-mata tina-dina prayage rahila
krsna-nama-prema diya loka nistarila
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; tina-dina -- for three days; prayage -- at
Prayaga; rahila -- remained; krsna-nama -- the holy name of Lord Krsna;
prema -- and ecstatic love; diya -- delivering; loka nistarila --
delivered the people.
TRANSLATION
The Lord stayed at Prayaga for three days. He delivered the holy name of
Krsna and ecstatic love. Thus He delivered many people.
Madhya 17.152
TEXT 152
TEXT
‘mathura' calite pathe yatha rahi' yaya
krsna-nama-prema diya lokere nacaya
SYNONYMS
mathura -- to Mathura; calite -- going; pathe -- on the road; yatha --
wherever; rahi' -- staying; yaya -- goes; krsna-nama-prema -- the holy
name of Krsna and His ecstatic love; diya -- delivering; lokere nacaya --
made the people dance.
TRANSLATION
Wherever the Lord stopped to rest on the way to Mathura, He delivered
the holy name of Krsna and ecstatic love of Krsna. Thus He made the
people dance.
Madhya 17.153
TEXT 153
TEXT
purve yena ‘daksina' yaite loka nistarila
‘pascima'-dese taiche saba ‘vaisnava' karila
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; yena -- as; daksina -- South India; yaite -- going to;
loka -- the people; nistarila -- He delivered; pascima-dese -- in the
western countries; taiche -- similarly; saba -- all; vaisnava --
devotees; karila -- made.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord toured South India, He delivered many people, and when He
traveled in the western sector, He similarly converted many people to
Vaisnavism.
PURPORT
Formerly Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu converted people when He toured
southern and western India. Similarly, the Hare Krsna movement is now
delivering the people of the Western world wherever devotees are
chanting the holy names. This is all being done by the Lord's mercy. Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu predicted that He would deliver people in every city
and village of the world by giving them a chance to chant the Hare Krsna
maha-mantra.
Madhya 17.154
TEXT 154
TEXT
pathe yahan yahan haya yamuna-darsana
tahan jhanpa diya pade preme acetana
SYNONYMS
pathe -- on the road; yahan yahan -- wherever; haya -- there is; yamuna-
darsana -- meeting with the Yamuna River; tahan -- there; jhanpa diya
pade -- jumps over and falls down; preme acetana -- unconscious in the
ecstasy of love.
TRANSLATION
While the Lord was going to Mathura, He came across the river Yamuna
several times, and as soon as He saw the river Yamuna, He would
immediately jump in, falling unconscious in the water in the ecstasy of
love of Krsna.
Madhya 17.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
mathura-nikate aila -- mathura dekhiya
dandavat hana pade premavista hana
SYNONYMS
mathura-nikate -- near Mathura; aila -- came; mathura dekhiya -- seeing
the city of Mathura; dandavat hana -- offering obeisances; pade -- falls
down; prema-avista hana -- in the great ecstasy of love.
TRANSLATION
When He approached Mathura and saw the city, He immediately fell to the
ground and offered obeisances with great ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
mathura asiya kaila ‘visranti-tirthe' snana
‘janma-sthane' ‘kesava' dekhi' karila pranama
SYNONYMS
mathura asiya -- coming in to Mathura; kaila -- performed; visranti-
tirthe -- at the bathing place known as Visrama-ghata; snana -- bathing;
janma-sthane -- at the place of Lord Krsna's birth; kesava -- the Deity
named Kesava; dekhi' -- seeing; karila pranama -- offered His respectful
obeisances.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu entered the city of Mathura, He took His
bath at Visrama-ghata. He then visited the birthplace of Krsna and saw
the Deity named Kesavaji. He offered His respectful obeisances to this
Deity.
PURPORT
At the present moment, the temple of Kesavaji is very much improved. At
one time, Kesavaji-mandira was attacked by the emperor Aurangzeb, who
constructed such a big mosque there that the temple of Kesavaji was
insignificant in comparison. But with the help of many rich Marwaris,
the temple has been improved, and a very large temple is now being
constructed so that the mosque is now appearing diminished in comparison.
Many archeological discoveries have been made there, and many people
from foreign countries are beginning to appreciate Krsna's birthplace.
This Krsna consciousness movement is attracting many foreigners to the
Kesavaji temple, and now they will also be attracted by the Krsna-
Balarama temple in Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
premanande nace, gaya, saghana hunkara
prabhura premavesa dekhi' loke camatkara
SYNONYMS
prema-anande -- in ecstatic love; nace -- dances; gaya -- chants;
saghana -- repeatedly; hunkara -- tumultuous sound vibrations; prabhura -
- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prema-avesa -- ecstatic love; dekhi' -
- seeing; loke -- all people; camatkara -- astonished.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu chanted, danced and made loud vibrations,
all the people were astonished to see His ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
eka-vipra pade prabhura carana dhariya
prabhu-sange nrtya kare premavista hana
SYNONYMS
eka-vipra -- one brahmana; pade -- falls down; prabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana dhariya -- catching the lotus feet; prabhu-
sange -- with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nrtya kare -- he dances; prema-
avista hana -- being absorbed in ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
One brahmana fell at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and then
began to dance with Him in ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
dunhe preme nrtya kari' kare kolakuli
hari krsna kaha dunhe bale bahu tuli'
SYNONYMS
dunhe -- both of them; preme -- in ecstatic love; nrtya kari' -- dancing;
kare -- do; kolakuli -- embracing; hari -- the holy name of Hari; krsna
-- the holy name of Krsna; kaha -- go on chanting; dunhe -- both of them;
bale -- speak; bahu tuli' -- raising the arms.
TRANSLATION
The two of them danced in ecstatic love and embraced each other. Raising
their arms, they said, "Chant the holy names of Hari and Krsna!"
Madhya 17.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
loka ‘hari' ‘hari' bale, kolahala haila
‘kesava'-sevaka prabhuke mala paraila
SYNONYMS
loka -- all the people; hari hari bale -- began to chant the holy names
Hari, Hari; kolahala haila -- there was a great uproar; kesava-sevaka --
the priest in the service of Lord Kesava; prabhuke -- unto Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; mala paraila -- offered a garland.
TRANSLATION
All the people then began to chant, "Hari! Hari!" and there was a great
uproar. The priest in Lord Kesava's service offered Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu a garland.
Madhya 17.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
loke kahe prabhu dekhi' hana vismaya
aiche hena prema ‘laukika' kabhu naya
SYNONYMS
loke kahe -- the people said; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhi' -
- seeing; hana vismaya -- being struck with wonder; aiche -- such; hena -
- similar; prema -- love of Godhead; laukika -- ordinary; kabhu naya --
never is.
TRANSLATION
When the people saw Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's dancing and chanting, they
were struck with wonder, and they all said, "Such transcendental love is
never an ordinary thing."
Madhya 17.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
yanhara darsane loke preme matta hana
hase, kande, nace, gaya, krsna-nama lana
SYNONYMS
yanhara darsane -- by seeing whom; loke -- people; preme -- in love;
matta hana -- becoming mad; hase -- laugh; kande -- cry; nace -- dance;
gaya -- chant; krsna-nama lana -- taking the holy name of Lord Krsna.
TRANSLATION
The people said, "Simply by seeing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, everyone is
maddened with love of Krsna. Indeed, everyone is laughing, crying,
dancing, chanting and taking the holy name of Krsna.
Madhya 17.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
sarvatha-niscita -- inho krsna-avatara
mathura aila lokera karite nistara
SYNONYMS
sarvatha -- in every respect; niscita -- ascertained; inho -- He; krsna-
avatara -- incarnation of Lord Krsna; mathura aila -- has come to
Mathura; lokera -- of the people; karite -- to perform; nistara --
deliverance.
TRANSLATION
"Certainly Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is in all respects the incarnation of
Lord Krsna. Now He has come to Mathura to deliver everyone."
Madhya 17.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
tabe mahaprabhu sei brahmane lana
tanhare puchila kichu nibhrte vasiya
SYNONYMS
tabe -- after that; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sei -- that;
brahmane-brahmana; lana -- taking; tanhare -- unto him; puchila --
inquired; kichu -- something; nibhrte vasiya -- sitting in a solitary
place.
TRANSLATION
After this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took the brahmana aside. Sitting in
a solitary place, the Lord began to question him.
Madhya 17.165
TEXT 165
TEXT
‘arya, sarala, tumi -- vrddha brahmana
kahan haite paile tumi ei prema-dhana?'
SYNONYMS
arya -- advanced in devotional service; sarala -- simple; tumi -- you;
vrddha brahmana -- elderly brahmana; kahan haite -- from where; paile
tumi -- did you obtain; ei -- this; prema-dhana -- transcendental
opulence of ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "You are an elderly brahmana, you are
sincere, and you are advanced in spiritual life. Wherefrom have you
gotten this transcendental opulence of ecstatic love for Krsna?"
Madhya 17.166
TEXT 166
TEXT
vipra kahe, -- ‘sripada sri-madhavendra-puri
bhramite bhramite aila mathura-nagari
SYNONYMS
vipra kahe -- the brahmana said; sripada -- His Holiness; sri-
madhavendra-puri -- Sri Madhavendra Puri; bhramite bhramite -- while
touring; aila -- came; mathura-nagari -- to the city of Mathura.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana replied, "His Holiness Srila Madhavendra Puri came to the
city of Mathura while he was on tour.
Madhya 17.167
TEXT 167
TEXT
krpa kari' tenho mora nilaye aila
more sisya kari' mora hate ‘bhiksa' kaila
SYNONYMS
krpa kari' -- by his causeless mercy; tenho -- he; mora nilaye -- to my
humble place; aila -- came; more -- me; sisya kari' -- accepting as his
disciple; mora hate -- from my hand; bhiksa kaila -- accepted lunch.
TRANSLATION
"While at Mathura, Sripada Madhavendra Puri visited my house and
accepted me as a disciple. He even took lunch at my home.
Madhya 17.168
TEXT 168
TEXT
gopala prakata kari' seva kaila ‘mahasaya'
adyapiha tanhara seva ‘govardhane' haya
SYNONYMS
gopala -- the Gopala Deity; prakata kari' -- installing; seva -- service;
kaila -- did; mahasaya -- that great personality; adyapiha -- still now;
tanhara -- of that Gopala Deity; seva -- the service; govardhane -- on
Govardhana Hill; haya -- is conducted.
TRANSLATION
"After installing the Deity of Gopala, Srila Madhavendra Puri rendered
Him service. That very Deity is still being worshiped at Govardhana Hill.
"
Madhya 17.169
TEXT 169
TEXT
suni' prabhu kaila tanra carana vandana
bhaya pana prabhu-paya padila brahmana
SYNONYMS
suni' -- after hearing; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila -- did;
tanra -- of him; carana vandana -- worshiping the feet; bhaya pana --
being afraid; prabhu-paya -- at the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; padila -- fell down; brahmana -- the brahmana.
TRANSLATION
As soon as Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard about Madhavendra Puri's
relationship with the brahmana, He immediately offered obeisances at his
feet. Becoming fearful, the brahmana also immediately fell at the Lord's
feet.
Madhya 17.170
TEXT 170
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- "tumi ‘guru', ami ‘sisya'-praya
‘guru' hana ‘sisye' namaskara na yuyaya
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; tumi -- you; guru -- My
spiritual master; ami -- I; sisya-praya -- like your disciple; guru hana
-- being the spiritual master; sisye -- unto the disciple; namaskara --
obeisances; na yuyaya -- is not befitting.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "You are on the platform of My spiritual
master, and I am your disciple. Since you are My spiritual master, it is
not befitting that you offer Me obeisances."
Madhya 17.171
TEXT 171
TEXT
suniya vismita vipra kahe bhaya pana
aiche bat kaha kene sannyasi hana
SYNONYMS
suniya -- after hearing; vismita -- astonished; vipra -- the brahmana;
kahe -- said; bhaya pana -- being afraid; aiche bat -- such a statement;
kaha -- You say; kene -- why; sannyasi hana -- although You are a
sannyasi.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing this, the brahmana became afraid. He then said, "Why do You
speak like this? You are a sannyasi.
Madhya 17.172
TEXT 172
TEXT
kintu tomara prema dekhi' mane anumani
madhavendra-purira ‘sambandha' dhara -- jani
SYNONYMS
kintu -- still; tomara prema -- Your ecstatic love; dekhi' -- after
seeing; mane -- in my mind; anumani -- I imagine; madhavendra-purira --
of Sri Madhavendra Puri; sambandha -- relationship; dhara -- You have;
jani -- I can understand.
TRANSLATION
"Upon seeing Your ecstatic love, I can just imagine that You must have
some relationship with Madhavendra Puri. This is my understanding.
Madhya 17.173
TEXT 173
TEXT
krsna-prema tanha, yanha tanhara ‘sambandha'
tahan vina ei premara kahan nahi gandha
SYNONYMS
krsna-prema -- love of Krsna; tanha -- there; yanha -- where; tanhara --
his; sambandha -- relationship; tahan vina -- without him; ei premara --
of this ecstatic love; kahan nahi gandha -- there is no possibility of
even a scent.
TRANSLATION
"This kind of ecstatic love can be experienced only when one has a
relationship with Madhavendra Puri. Without him, even a scent of such
transcendental ecstatic love is impossible."
Madhya 17.174
TEXT 174
TEXT
tabe bhattacarya tare ‘sambandha' kahila
suni' anandita vipra nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; tare -- unto
the brahmana; sambandha kahila -- explained the relationship; suni' --
after hearing; anandita -- being pleased; vipra -- the brahmana; nacite
lagila -- began to dance.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya then explained the relationship between
Madhavendra Puri and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. After hearing this, the
brahmana became very pleased and began to dance.
Madhya 17.175
TEXT 175
TEXT
tabe vipra prabhure lana aila nija-ghare
apana-icchaya prabhura nana seva kare
SYNONYMS
tabe -- thereafter; vipra -- the brahmana; prabhure -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; lana -- taking; aila -- came back; nija-ghare -- to his home;
apana-icchaya -- by his own will; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; nana -- various; seva -- services; kare -- rendered.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana then took Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to his home and, out of
his own free will, began to serve the Lord in various ways.
Madhya 17.176
TEXT 176
TEXT
bhiksa lagi' bhattacarye karaila randhana
tabe mahaprabhu hasi' balila vacana
SYNONYMS
bhiksa lagi' -- for lunch; bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
karaila randhana -- made to cook; tabe -- at that time; mahaprabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; hasi' -- smiling; balila vacana -- said these
words.
TRANSLATION
He asked Balabhadra Bhattacarya to cook Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's lunch.
At that time the Lord, smiling, spoke as follows.
Madhya 17.177
TEXT 177
TEXT
"puri-gosani tomara ghare karyachena bhiksa
more tumi bhiksa deha, -- ei mora ‘siksa'"
SYNONYMS
puri-gosani -- Madhavendra Puri; tomara ghare -- at your place;
karyachena bhiksa -- accepted lunch; more -- for Me; tumi bhiksa deha --
better for you to cook; ei -- that; mora siksa -- My instruction.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Madhavendra Puri has already taken lunch
at your place. Therefore you may cook and give Me the food. That is My
instruction."
Madhya 17.178
TEXT 178
TEXT
yad yad acarati sresthas
tat tad evetaro janah
sa yat pramanam kurute
lokas tad anuvartate
SYNONYMS
yat yat -- however; acarati -- behaves; sresthah -- the best man; tat
tat -- that; eva -- certainly; itarah -- the lesser; janah -- men; sah --
he; yat -- which; pramanam -- standard; kurute -- shows; lokah -- the
people; tat -- that; anuvartate -- follow.
TRANSLATION
"Whatever action a great man performs, common men follow. And whatever
standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues."
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Bhagavad-gita (3.21).
Madhya 17.179
TEXT 179
TEXT
yadyapi ‘sanodiya' haya seita brahmana
sanodiya-ghare sannyasi na kare bhojana
SYNONYMS
yadyapi -- although; sanodiya -- a priest of the Sanodiya community;
haya -- was; seita -- that; brahmana-brahmana; sanodiya-ghare -- in the
house of a Sanodiya (goldsmith); sannyasi -- a person in the renounced
order of life; na kare bhojana -- does not accept food.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana belonged to the Sanodiya brahmana community, and a sannyasi
does not accept food from such a brahmana.
PURPORT
In northwestern India, vaisyas are divided into various subdivisions.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura points out that they are divided as Agarwala,
Kalawara and Sanwada. Out of them, the Agarwalas are said to be first-
class vaisyas, and the Kalawaras and Sanwadas are considered lower due
to their occupational degradation. The Kalawaras generally take wine and
other intoxicants. Although they are vaisyas, they are considered to
belong to a lower class. The priests who guide the Kalawaras and the
Sanwadas are called Sanodiya brahmanas. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura
states that the word sanoyada in Bengal indicates suvarna-vanik. In
Bengal there are priests who guide the suvarna-vanik community, which is
also considered a low class. There is little difference between the
Sanwadas and the suvarna-vaniks. Generally the suvarna-vaniks are
bankers dealing in gold and silver. In western India, the Agarwalas also
belong to the banking profession. This is the original business of the
suvarna-vanik or Agarwala community. Historically, the Agarwalas came
from the up-country named Ayodha, and the suvarna-vanik community also
came from Ayodha. It therefore appears that the suvarna-vaniks and the
Agarwalas belong to the same community. The Sanodiya brahmanas were the
guides of the Kalawaras and Sanwadas. They are therefore considered to
be lower-class brahmanas, and a sannyasi is not allowed to take alms or
food from them. However, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted lunch cooked
by a Sanodiya brahmana simply because he belonged to Madhavendra Puri's
community. Srila Madhavendra Puri was the spiritual master of Isvara
Puri, who was the spiritual master of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Thus a
spiritual relationship is established on the spiritual platform, without
consideration of material inferiority or superiority.
Madhya 17.180
TEXT 180
TEXT
tathapi puri dekhi' tanra ‘vaisnava'-acara
‘sisya' kari' tanra bhiksa kaila angikara
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- still; puri -- Madhavendra Puri; dekhi' -- after seeing;
tanra -- of the brahmana; vaisnava-acara -- behavior like a Vaisnava;
sisya kari' -- accepting him as his disciple; tanra bhiksa -- food
offered by him; kaila angikara -- accepted.
TRANSLATION
Although the brahmana belonged to the Sanodiya community, Srila
Madhavendra Puri had seen that he behaved like a Vaisnava and had
therefore accepted him as his disciple. The food he had cooked had also
been accepted by Madhavendra Puri.
Madhya 17.181
TEXT 181
TEXT
mahaprabhu tanre yadi ‘bhiksa' magila
dainya kari' sei vipra kahite lagila
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tanre -- from him; yadi -- when;
bhiksa magila -- requested lunch; dainya kari' -- out of humility; sei
vipra -- that brahmana; kahite lagila -- began to speak.
TRANSLATION
Therefore Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu willingly requested food from the
brahmana, and the brahmana, feeling natural humility, began to speak as
follows.
Madhya 17.182
TEXT 182
TEXT
tomare ‘bhiksa' diba -- bada bhagya se amara
tumi -- isvara, nahi tomara vidhi-vyavahara
SYNONYMS
tomare -- unto You; bhiksa diba -- I shall offer food; bada bhagya --
great fortune; se -- that; amara -- my; tumi -- You; isvara -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; nahi -- there is not; tomara -- of You;
vidhi-vyavahara -- regulative behavior.
TRANSLATION
"It is a great fortune for me to offer You food. You are the Supreme
Lord, and being in the transcendental position, You are not restricted
in any way.
Madhya 17.183
TEXT 183
TEXT
‘murkha'-loka karibeka tomara nindana
sahite na parimu sei ‘duste'ra vacana
SYNONYMS
murkha-loka -- foolish persons; karibeka -- will do; tomara nindana --
blaspheming You; sahite na parimu -- I shall not be able to tolerate;
sei -- those; dustera vacana -- words of mischievous persons.
TRANSLATION
"Foolish people will blaspheme You, but I shall not tolerate the words
of such mischievous people."
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura remarks that although the
brahmana did not belong to a superior community, he fearlessly chastised
so-called caste brahmanas because he was situated on the platform of
pure devotional service. There are people who are opposed to Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's accepting a Vaisnava belonging to a lower caste.
Such people do not consider maha-prasadam transcendental, and therefore
they are described here as murkha (foolish) and dusta (mischievous). A
pure devotee has the power to challenge such high-caste people, and his
brave statements are not to be considered proud or puffed up. On the
contrary, he is to be considered straightforward. Such a person does not
like to flatter high-class brahmanas who belong to the non-Vaisnava
community.
Madhya 17.184
TEXT 184
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- sruti, smrti, yata rsi-gana
sabe ‘eka'-mata nahe, bhinna bhinna dharma
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; sruti -- the Vedas;
smrti -- the Puranas; yata -- all; rsi-gana -- great sages; sabe -- all
of them; eka-mata nahe -- do not agree; bhinna bhinna dharma --
different grades of religious principles.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "The Vedas, Puranas and great learned
sages are not always in agreement with one another. Consequently there
are different religious principles.
PURPORT
Unless one comes to the Absolute Truth, there is no possibility of
agreement. Nasav rsir yasya matam na bhinnam: it is said that a great
learned scholar or sage cannot be exalted unless he disagrees with other
scholars and sages. On the material platform, there is no possibility of
agreement; therefore there are different kinds of religious systems. But
the Absolute Truth is one, and when one is situated in the Absolute
Truth, there is no disagreement. On that absolute platform the Supreme
Personality of Godhead is worshipable. As stated in the Bhagavad-gita (
18.55), bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah. On the
absolute platform, the worshipful Deity is one, and the process of
worship is also one. That process is bhakti.
There are many different religions throughout the world because they are
not all on the absolute platform of devotional service. As confirmed in
the Bhagavad-gita (18.66): sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam
vraja. The word ekam means "one," Krsna. On this platform, there are no
different religious systems. According to Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.2),
dharmah projjhita-kaitavo ‘tra. On the material platform, religious
systems are different. Srimad-Bhagavatam describes them from the very
beginning as dharmah kaitavah, cheating religions. None of these
religions is actually genuine. The genuine religious system is that
which enables one to become a lover of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. In the words of Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.2.6):
sa vai pumsam paro dharmo yato bhaktir adhoksaje
ahaituky apratihata yayatma suprasidati
"The supreme occupation [dharma] for all humanity is that by which men
can attain to loving devotional service unto the transcendent Lord. Such
devotional service must be unmotivated and uninterrupted in order to
completely satisfy the self."
On this platform there is nothing but the service of the Lord. When a
person has no ulterior motive, there is certainly oneness and agreement
of principles. Since everyone has a different body and mind, different
types of religions are needed. But when one is situated on the spiritual
platform, there are no bodily and mental differences. Consequently on
the absolute platform there is oneness in religion.
Madhya 17.185
TEXT 185
TEXT
dharma-sthapana-hetu sadhura vyavahara
puri-gosanira ye acarana, sei dharma sara
SYNONYMS
dharma-sthapana-hetu -- to establish the principles of religion; sadhura
vyavahara -- behavior of a devotee; puri-gosanira -- of Madhavendra Puri;
ye acarana -- the behavior; sei -- that; dharma sara -- the essence of
all religion.
TRANSLATION
"A devotee's behavior establishes the true purpose of religious
principles. The behavior of Madhavendra Puri Gosvami is the essence of
such religious principles."
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura gives the following commentary
on this passage. A sadhu, or honest man, is called a mahajana or a
mahatma. The mahatma is described thus by Lord Krsna in the Bhagavad-
gita (9.13):
mahatmanas tu mam partha daivim prakrtim asritah
bhajanty ananya-manaso jnatva bhutadim avyayam
"O son of Prtha, those who are not deluded, the great souls, are under
the protection of the divine nature. They are fully engaged in
devotional service because they know Me as the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, original and inexhaustible."
In the material world, the word mahatma is understood in different ways
by different religionists. Mundaners also come up with their different
angles of vision. For the conditioned soul busy in sense gratification,
a mahajana is recognized according to the proportion of sense
gratification he offers. For instance, a businessman may consider a
certain banker to be a mahajana, and karmis desiring material enjoyment
may consider philosophers like Jaimini to be mahajanas. There are many
yogis who want to control the senses, and for them Patanjali Rsi is a
mahajana. For the jnanis, the atheist Kapila, Vasistha, Durvasa,
Dattatreya and other impersonalist philosophers are mahajanas. For the
demons, Hiranyaksa, Hiranyakasipu, Ravana, Ravana's son Meghanada,
Jarasandha and others are accepted as mahajanas. For materialistic
anthropologists speculating on the evolution of the body, a person like
Darwin is a mahajana. The scientists who are bewildered by Krsna's
external energy have no relationship with the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, yet they are accepted by some as mahajanas. Similarly,
philosophers, historians, literary men, public speakers and social and
political leaders are sometimes accepted as mahajanas. Such mahajanas
are respected by certain men who have been described in Srimad-
Bhagavatam (2.3.19):
sva-vid-varahostra-kharaih samstutah purusah pasuh
na yat-karna-pathopeto jatu nama gadagrajah
"Men who are like dogs, hogs, camels and asses praise those men who
never listen to the transcendental pastimes of Lord Sri Krsna, the
deliverer from evils."
Thus on the material platform animalistic leaders are worshiped by
animals. Sometimes physicians, psychiatrists and social workers try to
mitigate bodily pain, distress and fear, but they have no knowledge of
spiritual identity and are bereft of a relationship with God. Yet they
are considered mahajanas by the illusioned. Self-deceived persons
sometimes accept leaders or spiritual masters from a priestly order that
has been officially appointed by the codes of material life. In this way,
they are deceived by official priests. Sometimes people accept as
mahajanas those who have been designated by Srila Vrndavana dasa Thakura
as dhanga-vipras (imposter brahmanas). Such imposters imitate the
characteristics of Srila Haridasa Thakura, and they envy Haridasa
Thakura, who was certainly a mahajana. They make great artificial
endeavors, advertising themselves as great devotees of the Lord or as
mystic hypnotists knowledgeable in witchcraft, hypnotism and miracles.
Sometimes people accept as mahajanas demons like Putana, Trnavarta,
Vatsa, Baka, Aghasura, Dhenuka, Kaliya and Pralamba. Some people accept
imitators and adversaries of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, such as
Paundraka, Srgala Vasudeva, the spiritual master of the demons (
Sukracarya), or atheists like Carvaka, King Vena, Sugata and Arhat.
People who accept such imitators as mahajanas have no faith in Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Rather, they
accept godless cheaters who present themselves as incarnations of God
and cheat foolish people within the material world by word jugglery.
Thus many rascals are accepted as mahajanas.
It is those who are devoid of devotional service who sometimes
mistakenly accept persons with mundane motives as mahajanas. The only
motive must be krsna-bhakti, devotional service to the Lord. Sometimes
fruitive workers, dry philosophers, nondevotees, mystic yogis and
persons attached to material opulence, women and money are considered
mahajanas. But Srimad-Bhagavatam (6.3.25) gives the following statement
about such unauthorized mahajanas:
prayena veda tad idam na mahajano ‘yam
devya vimohita-matir bata mayayalam
trayyam jadi-krta-matir madhu-puspitayam
vaitanike mahati karmani yujyamanah
In this material world, karmis (fruitive actors) are accepted as
mahajanas by foolish people who do not know the value of devotional
service. The mundane intelligence and mental speculative methods of such
foolish people are under the control of the three modes of material
nature. Consequently they cannot understand unalloyed devotional service.
They are attracted by material activities, and they become worshipers
of material nature. Thus they are known as fruitive actors. They even
become entangled in material activities disguised as spiritual
activities. In the Bhagavad-gita such people are described as veda-vada-
ratah, supposed followers of the Vedas. They do not understand the real
purport of the Vedas, yet they think of themselves as Vedic authorities.
People versed in Vedic knowledge must know Krsna as the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyah. (Bg. 15.15)
In this material world a person may be famous as a karma-vira, a
successful fruitive worker, or he may be very successful in performing
religious duties, or he may be known as a hero in mental speculation (
jnana-vira), or he may be a very famous renunciant. In any case, Srimad-
Bhagavatam (3.23.56) gives the following opinion in this matter.
neha yat karma dharmaya na viragaya kalpate
na tirtha-pada-sevayai jivann api mrto hi sah
"Anyone whose work is not meant for elevating him to religious life,
anyone whose religious ritualistic performances do not raise him to
renunciation, and anyone situated in renunciation that does not lead him
to devotional service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead must be
considered dead, although he is breathing."
The conclusion is that all pious activity, fruitive activity, religious
principles and renunciation must ultimately lead to devotional service.
There are different types of processes for rendering service. One may
serve his country, people and society, the varnasrama-dharma system, the
sick, the poor, the rich, women, demigods and so on. All this service
comes under the heading of sense gratification, or enjoyment in the
material world. It is most unfortunate that people are more or less
attracted by such material activity and that the leaders of these
activities are accepted as mahajanas, great ideal leaders. Actually they
are only misleaders, but an ordinary man cannot understand how he is
being misled.
Narottama dasa Thakura says, sadhu-sastra-guru-vakya, cittete kariya
aikya: "One should accept as one's guide the words of the sadhus, the
sastra and the guru." A sadhu is a great personality like Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the sastras are the injunctions of revealed scriptures, and
the guru, or spiritual master, is one who confirms the scriptural
injunctions. Accepting the guidance of these three is the actual way of
following the great personalities (mahajanas) for real advancement in
life (mahajano yena gatah sa panthah [Cc. Madhya 17.186]). A man covered
by illusion cannot understand the proper way; therefore Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu says, dharma-sthapana-hetu sadhura vyavahara: "The behavior
of a devotee is the criterion for all other behavior." Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu Himself followed the devotional principles and taught others
to follow them. Puri-gosanira ye acarana, sei dharma sara. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu personally followed the behavior of Madhavendra Puri and
advised others to follow his principles. Unfortunately, people have been
attracted to the material body since time immemorial.
yasyatma-buddhih kunape tri-dhatuke
sva-dhih kalatradisu bhauma ijya-dhih
yat-tirtha-buddhih salile na karhicij
janesv abhijnesu sa eva go-kharah
"A human being who identifies this body made of three elements with his
self, who considers the by-products of the body to be his kinsmen, who
considers his land of birth worshipable, and who goes to a place of
pilgrimage simply to take a bath rather than meet men of transcendental
knowledge there is to be considered like an ass or a cow." (SB 10.84.13)
Those who accept the logic of gaddalika-pravaha and follow in the
footsteps of pseudo mahajanas are carried away by the waves of maya.
Bhaktivinoda Thakura therefore warns:
miche mayara vase, yaccha bhese',
khaccha habudubu, bhai
jiva krsna-dasa, e visvasa,
ka'rle ta' ara duhkha nai
"Don't be carried away by the waves of maya. Just surrender to the lotus
feet of Krsna, and all miseries will end." Those who follow social
customs and behavior forget to follow the path chalked out by the
mahajanas; thus they are offenders at the feet of the mahajanas.
Sometimes they consider such mahajanas very conservative, or they create
their own mahajanas. In this way they ignore the principles of the
parampara system. This is a great misfortune for everyone. If one does
not follow in the footsteps of the real mahajanas, one's plans for
happiness will be frustrated. This is elaborately explained later in the
Madhya-lila (Chapter Twenty-five, verses 55, 56 and 58). It is there
stated:
parama karana isvare keha nahi mane
sva-sva-mata sthape para-matera khandane
tate chaya darsana haite ‘tattva' nahi jani
‘mahajana' yei kahe, sei ‘satya' mani
sri-krsna-caitanya-vani -- amrtera dhara
tinho ye kahaye vastu, sei ‘tattva' -- sara
People are so unfortunate that they do not accept the instructions of
the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Instead, they want to be supported
by so-called mahajanas, or authorities. Tate chaya darsana haite ‘tattva'
nahi jani: we cannot ascertain the real truth simply by following
speculators. We have to follow the footsteps of the mahajanas in the
disciplic succession. Then our attempt will be successful. Sri-krsna-
caitanya-vani -- amrtera dhara: "Whatever is spoken by Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is an incessant flow of nectar." Whoever accepts His words as
reality can understand the essence of the Absolute Truth.
No one can ascertain the Absolute Truth by following the philosophy of
Sankhya or the yoga system of Patanjali, for neither the followers of
Sankhya nor the yogis who follow Patanjali accept Lord Visnu as the
Supreme Personality of Godhead (na te viduh svartha-gatim hi visnum [SB
7.5.31]). The ambition of such people is never fulfilled; therefore they
are attracted by the external energy. Although mental speculators may be
renowned all over the world as great authorities, actually they are not.
Such leaders are themselves conservative and not at all liberal. However,
if we preach this philosophy, people will consider Vaisnavas very
sectarian. Srila Madhavendra Puri was a real mahajana, but misguided
people cannot distinguish the real from the unreal. But a person who is
awakened to Krsna consciousness can understand the real religious path
chalked out by the Lord and His pure devotees. Sri Madhavendra Puri was
a real mahajana because he understood the Absolute Truth properly and
throughout his life behaved like a pure devotee. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
approved the method of Sri Madhavendra Puri. Therefore, although from
the material viewpoint the Sanodiya brahmana was on a lower platform,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu considered him situated on the highest platform
of spiritual realization.
Srimad-Bhagavatam (6.3.20) states that there are twelve mahajanas:
Brahma, Narada, Sambhu, the four Kumaras, Kapila, Manu, Prahlada, Janaka,
Bhisma, Bali, Sukadeva and Yamaraja.
To select our mahajanas in the Gaudiya-sampradaya, we have to follow in
the footsteps of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His representatives. His
next representative is Sri Svarupa Damodara Gosvami, and the next
representatives are the six Gosvamis -- Sri Rupa, Sri Sanatana, Bhatta
Raghunatha, Sri Jiva, Gopala Bhatta and Dasa Raghunatha. A follower of
Visnu Svami's was Sridhara Svami, the most well known commentator on
Srimad-Bhagavatam. He was also a mahajana. Similarly, Candidasa,
Vidyapati and Jayadeva were all mahajanas. One who tries to imitate the
mahajanas just to become an imitative spiritual master is certainly far
away from following in the footsteps of the mahajanas. Sometimes people
cannot actually understand how a mahajana follows other mahajanas. In
this way people commit offenses and fall from devotional service.
Madhya 17.186
TEXT 186
TEXT
tarko pratisthah srutayo vibhinna
nasav rsir yasya matam na bhinnam
dharmasya tattvam nihitam guhayam
mahajano yena gatah sa panthah
SYNONYMS
tarkah -- dry argument; apratisthah -- not fixed; srutayah-Vedas;
vibhinnah -- possessing different departments; na -- not; asau -- that;
rsih -- great sage; yasya -- whose; matam -- opinion; na -- not; bhinnam
-- separate; dharmasya -- of religious principles; tattvam -- truth;
nihitam -- placed; guhayam -- in the heart of a realized person; maha-
janah -- self-realized predecessors; yena -- by which way; gatah --
acted; sah -- that; panthah -- the pure unadulterated path.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "‘Dry arguments are inconclusive. A
great personality whose opinion does not differ from others is not
considered a great sage. Simply by studying the Vedas, which are
variegated, one cannot come to the right path by which religious
principles are understood. The solid truth of religious principles is
hidden in the heart of an unadulterated, self-realized person.
Consequently, as the sastras confirm, one should accept whatever
progressive path the mahajanas advocate.'"
PURPORT
This is a verse spoken by Yudhisthira Maharaja in the Mahabharata, Vana-
parva (313.117).
Madhya 17.187
TEXT 187
TEXT
tabe sei vipra prabhuke bhiksa karaila
madhu-purira loka saba prabhuke dekhite aila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- after that; sei vipra -- that brahmana; prabhuke -- unto Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhiksa karaila -- served lunch; madhu-purira --
of Mathura; loka -- people in general; saba -- all; prabhuke -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhite aila -- came to see.
TRANSLATION
After this discussion, the brahmana served lunch to Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Then all the people residing in Mathura came to see the Lord.
Madhya 17.188
TEXT 188
TEXT
laksa-sankhya loka aise, nahika ganana
bahira hana prabhu dila darasana
SYNONYMS
laksa-sankhya -- numbering hundreds of thousands; loka aise -- people
came; nahika ganana -- there is no counting; bahira hana -- coming out;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dila darasana -- gave audience.
TRANSLATION
People came by the hundreds of thousands, and no one could count them.
Therefore Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came out of the house to give audience
to the people.
Madhya 17.189
TEXT 189
TEXT
bahu tuli' bale prabhu ‘hari-bola'-dhvani
preme matta nace loka kari' hari-dhvani
SYNONYMS
bahu tuli' -- raising the arms; bale -- says; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; hari-bola-dhvani -- the transcendental sound vibration "
Haribol"; preme -- in ecstasy; matta -- maddened; nace -- dance; loka --
the people; kari' hari-dhvani -- making the transcendental vibration
Hari.
TRANSLATION
When the people assembled, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu raised His arms and
said very loudly, "Haribol!" The people responded to the Lord and became
ecstatic. As if mad, they began to dance and to vibrate the
transcendental sound "Hari!"
Madhya 17.190
TEXT 190
TEXT
yamunara ‘cabbisa ghate' prabhu kaila snana
sei vipra prabhuke dekhaya tirtha-sthana
SYNONYMS
yamunara -- of the river Yamuna; cabbisa ghate -- in the twenty-four
ghats, or bathing places; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kaila --
performed; snana -- bathing; sei vipra -- that brahmana; prabhuke --
unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhaya -- shows; tirtha-sthana -- the
holy places of pilgrimage.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu bathed in the twenty-four ghats along the banks
of the Yamuna, and the brahmana showed Him all the places of pilgrimage.
PURPORT
The twenty-four ghats (bathing places) along the Yamuna are (1) Avimukta,
(2) Adhirudha, (3) Guhya-tirtha, (4) Prayaga-tirtha, (5) Kanakhala-
tirtha, (6) Tinduka, (7) Surya-tirtha, (8) Vata-svami, (9) Dhruva-ghata,
(10) Rsi-tirtha, (11) Moksa-tirtha, (12) Bodha-tirtha, (13) Gokarna, (14)
Krsna-ganga, (15) Vaikuntha, (16) Asi-kunda, (17) Catuh-samudrika-kupa,
(18) Akrura-tirtha, (19) Yajnika-vipra-sthana, (20) Kubja-kupa, (21)
Ranga-sthala, (22) Manca-sthala, (23) Mallayuddha-sthana and (24)
Dasasvamedha.
Madhya 17.191
TEXT 191
TEXT
svayambhu, visrama, dirgha-visnu, bhutesvara
mahavidya, gokarnadi dekhila vistara
SYNONYMS
svayambhu -- Svayambhu; visrama -- Visrama; dirgha-visnu -- Dirgha Visnu;
bhutesvara -- Bhutesvara; mahavidya -- Mahavidya; gokarna -- Gokarna;
adi -- and so on; dekhila -- saw; vistara -- many.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited all the holy places on the banks of the
Yamuna, including Svayambhu, Visrama-ghata, Dirgha Visnu, Bhutesvara,
Mahavidya and Gokarna.
Madhya 17.192
TEXT 192
TEXT
‘vana' dekhibare yadi prabhura mana haila
seita brahmane prabhu sangete la-ila
SYNONYMS
vana -- the forests; dekhibare -- to see; yadi -- when; prabhura -- of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; mana -- mind; haila -- was; seita -- indeed
that; brahmane-brahmana; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sangete la-
ila -- took along.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to see the various forests of
Vrndavana, He took the brahmana with Him.
Madhya 17.193
TEXT 193
TEXT
madhu-vana, tala, kumuda, bahula-vana gela
tahan tahan snana kari' premavista haila
SYNONYMS
madhu-vana -- Madhuvana; tala -- Talavana; kumuda -- Kumudavana; bahula-
vana -- Bahulavana; gela -- He visited; tahan tahan -- here and there;
snana kari' -- taking a bath; prema-avista haila -- became overwhelmed
by ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the different forests, including
Madhuvana, Talavana, Kumudavana and Bahulavana. Wherever He went, He
took His bath with great ecstatic love.
PURPORT
The word vana means "forest." Vrndavana is the name given to the forest
where Srimati Vrndadevi (Tulasidevi) grows profusely. Actually it is not
a forest as we ordinarily consider a forest, because it is very thick
with green vegetation. There are twelve such vanas in Vrndavana. Some
are located on the western side of the Yamuna, and others are on the
eastern side. The forests situated on the eastern side are Bhadravana,
Bilvavana, Lauhavana, Bhandiravana and Mahavana. On the western side are
Madhuvana, Talavana, Kumudavana, Bahulavana, Kamyavana, Khadiravana and
Vrndavana. These are the twelve forests of the Vrndavana area.
Madhya 17.194
TEXT 194
TEXT
pathe gabhi-ghata care prabhure dekhiya
prabhuke bedaya asi' hunkara kariya
SYNONYMS
pathe -- on the road; gabhi-ghata -- groups of cows; care -- graze;
prabhure dekhiya -- after seeing Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prabhuke
bedaya -- they surrounded the Lord; asi' -- coming; hun-kara kariya --
making a loud vibration.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed through Vrndavana, herds of grazing
cows saw Him pass and, immediately surrounding Him, began to moo very
loudly.
Madhya 17.195
TEXT 195
TEXT
gabhi dekhi' stabdha prabhu premera tarange
vatsalye gabhi prabhura cate saba-ange
SYNONYMS
gabhi dekhi' -- seeing the cows; stabdha -- stunned; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; premera tarange -- in the waves of ecstatic love;
vatsalye -- out of great affection; gabhi -- all the cows; prabhura --
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cate -- licked; saba-ange -- all over the
body.
TRANSLATION
Seeing the herds approach Him, the Lord was stunned with ecstatic love.
The cows then began to lick His body out of great affection.
Madhya 17.196
TEXT 196
TEXT
sustha hana prabhu kare anga-kanduyana
prabhu-sange cale, nahi chade dhenu-gana
SYNONYMS
sustha hana -- becoming patient; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare
-- does; anga -- of the body; kanduyana -- scratching; prabhu-sange --
with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cale -- go; nahi chade -- do not give up;
dhenu-gana -- all the cows.
TRANSLATION
Becoming pacified, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu began to caress the cows, and
the cows, being unable to give up His company, went with Him.
Madhya 17.197
TEXT 197
TEXT
kaste-srstye dhenu saba rakhila goyala
prabhu-kantha-dhvani suni' aise mrgi-pala
SYNONYMS
kaste-srstye -- with great difficulty; dhenu -- the cows; saba -- all;
rakhila -- kept back; goyala -- the cowherd men; prabhu-kantha-dhvani --
the musical voice of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; suni' -- hearing; aise --
came; mrgi-pala -- flocks of deer.
TRANSLATION
It was only with great difficulty that the cowherd men were able to keep
the cows back. Then when the Lord chanted, all the deer heard His sweet
voice and approached Him.
Madhya 17.198
TEXT 198
TEXT
mrga-mrgi mukha dekhi' prabhu-anga cate
bhaya nahi kare, sange yaya vate-vate
SYNONYMS
mrga-mrgi -- the deer, both male and female; mukha dekhi' -- seeing His
face; prabhu-anga cate -- began to lick the body of the Lord; bhaya nahi
kare -- they were not at all afraid; sange yaya -- go with Him; vate-
vate -- all along the road.
TRANSLATION
When the does and bucks came and saw the Lord's face, they began to lick
His body. Not being at all afraid of Him, they accompanied Him along the
path.
Madhya 17.199
TEXT 199
TEXT
suka, pika, bhrnga prabhure dekhi' ‘pancama' gaya
sikhi-gana nrtya kari' prabhu-age yaya
SYNONYMS
suka -- parrots; pika -- cuckoos; bhrnga -- bumblebees; prabhure -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhi' -- seeing; pancama -- the fifth musical note;
gaya -- sing; sikhi-gana -- peacocks; nrtya -- dancing; kari' --
performing; prabhu-age -- in front of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yaya --
go.
TRANSLATION
Bumblebees and birds like the parrot and cuckoo all began to sing loudly
on the fifth note, and the peacocks began to dance in front of the Lord.
Madhya 17.200
TEXT 200
TEXT
prabhu dekhi' vrndavanera vrksa-lata-gane
ankura pulaka, madhu-asru varisane
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhi' -- seeing; vrndavanera -- of
Vrndavana; vrksa-lata-gane -- the trees and creepers; ankura -- twigs;
pulaka -- jubilant; madhu-asru -- tears in the form of honey; varisane --
pour.
TRANSLATION
Upon seeing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the trees and creepers of Vrndavana
became jubilant. Their twigs stood up, and they began to shed tears of
ecstasy in the form of honey.
Madhya 17.201
TEXT 201
TEXT
phula-phala bhari' dala pade prabhu-paya
bandhu dekhi' bandhu yena ‘bheta' lana yaya
SYNONYMS
phula-phala bhari' -- loaded with fruits and flowers; dala -- the
branches; pade -- fall down; prabhu-paya -- at the lotus feet of the
Lord; bandhu dekhi' -- seeing one friend; bandhu -- another friend; yena
-- as if; bheta -- a presentation; lana -- taking; yaya -- goes.
TRANSLATION
The tree branches and creepers, overloaded with fruits and flowers, fell
down at the lotus feet of the Lord and greeted Him with various
presentations as if they were friends.
Madhya 17.202
TEXT 202
TEXT
prabhu dekhi' vrndavanera sthavara-jangama
anandita -- bandhu yena dekhe bandhu-gana
SYNONYMS
prabhu dekhi' -- seeing the Lord; vrndavanera -- of Vrndavana; sthavara-
jangama -- all living entities, moving and not moving; anandita -- very
jubilant; bandhu -- friend; yena -- as if; dekhe -- see; bandhu-gana --
friends.
TRANSLATION
Thus all the moving and nonmoving living entities of Vrndavana became
very jubilant to see the Lord. It was as if friends were made happy by
seeing another friend.
Madhya 17.203
TEXT 203
TEXT
ta-sabara priti dekhi' prabhu bhavavese
saba-sane krida kare hana tara vase
SYNONYMS
ta-sabara -- of all of them; priti -- affection; dekhi' -- seeing;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhava-avese -- in ecstatic love; saba-
sane -- with all of them; krida -- sporting; kare -- performs; hana --
being; tara -- their; vase -- under control.
TRANSLATION
Seeing their affection, the Lord was moved by ecstatic love. He began to
sport with them exactly as a friend sports with his friends. Thus He
voluntarily came under the control of His friends.
Madhya 17.204
TEXT 204
TEXT
prati vrksa-lata prabhu karena alingana
puspadi dhyane karena krsne samarpana
SYNONYMS
prati -- each and every; vrksa-lata -- tree and creeper; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena alingana -- embraced; puspa-adi -- all the
flowers and fruits; dhyane -- in meditation; karena -- do; krsne -- unto
Lord Krsna; samarpana -- offering.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu began to embrace each and every tree and creeper,
and they began to offer their fruits and flowers as if in meditation.
Madhya 17.205
TEXT 205
TEXT
asru-kampa-pulaka-preme sarira asthire
‘krsna' bala, ‘krsna' bala -- bale uccaihsvare
SYNONYMS
asru -- tears; kampa -- trembling; pulaka -- jubilation; preme -- in
ecstatic love; sarira -- the whole body; asthire -- restless; krsna bala
-- say Krsna; krsna bala -- say Krsna; bale -- the Lord says; uccaih-
svare -- very loudly.
TRANSLATION
The Lord's body was restless, and tears, trembling and jubilation were
manifest. He said very loudly, "Chant ‘Krsna!' Chant ‘Krsna!'"
Madhya 17.206
TEXT 206
TEXT
sthavara-jangama mili' kare krsna-dhvani
prabhura gambhira-svare yena prati-dhvani
SYNONYMS
sthavara-jangama -- all living entities, nonmoving and moving; mili' --
meeting together; kare -- perform; krsna-dhvani -- vibration of the
sound "Hare Krsna"; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gambhira-
svare -- deep voice; yena -- as if; prati-dhvani -- responsive vibration.
TRANSLATION
All moving and nonmoving creatures then began to vibrate the
transcendental sound of Hare Krsna, as if they were echoing the deep
sound of Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 17.207
TEXT 207
TEXT
mrgera gala dhari' prabhu karena rodane
mrgera pulaka ange, asru nayane
SYNONYMS
mrgera -- of the deer; gala dhari' -- catching the necks; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena -- does; rodane -- crying; mrgera -- of the
deer; pulaka ange -- jubilation; asru -- tears; nayane -- in the eyes.
TRANSLATION
The Lord then clasped the necks of the deer and began to cry. There was
jubilation manifest in the bodies of the deer, and tears were in their
eyes.
Madhya 17.208
TEXT 208
TEXT
vrksa-dale suka-sari dila darasana
taha dekhi' prabhura kichu sunite haila mana
SYNONYMS
vrksa-dale -- on a branch of a tree; suka-sari -- male and female
parrots; dila -- gave; darasana -- appearance; taha dekhi' -- seeing
that; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kichu -- something; sunite
-- to hear; haila -- there was; mana -- mind.
TRANSLATION
When a male and female parrot appeared on the branches of a tree, the
Lord saw them and wanted to hear them speak.
Madhya 17.209
TEXT 209
TEXT
suka-sarika prabhura hate udi' pade
prabhuke sunana krsnera guna-sloka pade
SYNONYMS
suka-sarika -- the parrots, male and female; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; hate -- on the hand; udi' -- flying; pade -- fall; prabhuke -
- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sunana -- causing to hear; krsnera -- of Lord
Krsna; guna-sloka pade -- chanted verses about the transcendental
qualities.
TRANSLATION
Both parrots flew onto the hand of the Lord and began to chant the
transcendental qualities of Krsna, and the Lord listened to them.
Madhya 17.210
TEXT 210
TEXT
saundaryam lalanali-dhairya-dalanam lila rama-stambhini
viryam kandukitadri-varyam amalah pare-parardham gunah
silam sarva-jananuranjanam aho yasyayam asmat-prabhur
visvam visva-janina-kirtir avatat krsno jagan-mohanah
SYNONYMS
saundaryam -- the bodily beauty; lalana-ali -- of groups of gopis;
dhairya -- the patience; dalanam -- subduing; lila -- pastimes; rama --
the goddess of fortune; stambhini -- astounding; viryam -- strength;
kandukita -- making like a small ball for throwing; adri-varyam -- the
great mountain; amalah -- without a spot; pare-parardham -- unlimited;
gunah -- qualities; silam -- behavior; sarva-jana -- all kinds of living
entities; anuranjanam -- satisfying; aho -- oh; yasya -- whose; ayam --
this; asmat-prabhuh -- our Lord; visvam -- the whole universe; visva-
janina -- for the benefit of everyone; kirtih -- whose glorification;
avatat -- may He maintain; krsnah -- Lord Krsna; jagat-mohanah -- the
attractor of the whole world.
TRANSLATION
The male parrot sang, "The glorification of Lord Krsna, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, is beneficial to everyone in the universe. His
beauty is victorious over the gopis of Vrndavana, and it subdues their
patience. His pastimes astound the goddess of fortune, and His bodily
strength turns Govardhana Hill into a small toy like a ball. His
spotless qualities are unlimited, and His behavior satisfies everyone.
Lord Krsna is attractive to everyone. Oh, may our Lord maintain the
whole universe!"
PURPORT
This verse is found in the Govinda-lilamrta (13.29).
Madhya 17.211
TEXT 211
TEXT
suka-mukhe suni' tabe krsnera varnana
sarika padaye tabe radhika-varnana
SYNONYMS
suka-mukhe -- in the mouth of the male parrot; suni' -- hearing; krsnera
varnana -- a description of Lord Krsna; sarika -- female parrot; padaye -
- recites; tabe -- then; radhika-varnana -- a description of Srimati
Radharani.
TRANSLATION
After hearing this description of Lord Krsna from the male parrot, the
female parrot began to recite a description of Srimati Radharani.
Madhya 17.212
TEXT 212
TEXT
sri-radhikayah priyata su-rupata
su-silata nartana-gana-caturi
gunali-sampat kavita ca rajate
jagan-mano-mohana-citta-mohini
SYNONYMS
sri-radhikayah -- of Srimati Radharani; priyata -- affection; su-rupata -
- exquisite beauty; su-silata -- good behavior; nartana-gana -- in
chanting and dancing; caturi -- artistry; guna-ali-sampat -- possession
of such transcendental qualities; kavita -- poetry; ca -- also; rajate --
shine; jagat-manah-mohana -- of Krsna, who attracts the mind of the
whole universe; citta-mohini -- the attractor of the mind.
TRANSLATION
The female parrot said, "Srimati Radharani's affection, Her exquisite
beauty and good behavior, Her artistic dancing and chanting and Her
poetic compositions are all so attractive that they attract the mind of
Krsna, who attracts the mind of everyone in the universe."
PURPORT
This verse is also found in the Govinda-lilamrta (13.30).
Madhya 17.213
TEXT 213
TEXT
punah suka kahe, -- krsna ‘madana-mohana'
tabe ara sloka suka karila pathana
SYNONYMS
punah -- again; suka -- the male parrot; kahe -- says; krsna madana-
mohana -- Krsna is the conqueror of the mind of Cupid; tabe --
thereafter; ara -- another; sloka -- verse; suka -- the male parrot;
karila pathana -- recited.
TRANSLATION
Thereafter the male parrot said, "Krsna is the enchanter of the mind of
Cupid." He then began to recite another verse.
Madhya 17.214
TEXT 214
TEXT
vamsi-dhari jagan-nari-
citta-hari sa sarike
vihari gopa-naribhir
jiyan madana-mohanah
SYNONYMS
vamsi-dhari -- the carrier of the flute; jagat-nari -- of all women of
the universe; citta-hari -- the stealer of the hearts; sah -- He; sarike
-- my dear sari; vihari -- enjoyer; gopa-naribhih -- with the gopis;
jiyat -- let Him be glorified; madana -- of Cupid; mohanah -- the
enchanter.
TRANSLATION
The male parrot then said, "My dear sari [female parrot], Sri Krsna
carries a flute and enchants the hearts of all women throughout the
universe. He is specifically the enjoyer of the beautiful gopis, and He
is the enchanter of Cupid also. Let Him be glorified!"
PURPORT
This verse is also found in the Govinda-lilamrta (13.31).
Madhya 17.215
TEXT 215
TEXT
punah sari kahe suke kari' parihasa
taha suni' prabhura haila vismaya-premollasa
SYNONYMS
punah -- again; sari kahe -- the female parrot said; suke -- unto the
male parrot; kari' parihasa -- jokingly; taha suni' -- hearing that;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; haila -- there was; vismaya --
wonderful; prema-ullasa -- awakening of ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
Then the female parrot began to speak jokingly to the male parrot, and
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was struck with wonderful ecstatic love to hear
her speak.
Madhya 17.216
TEXT 216
TEXT
radha-sange yada bhati
tada ‘madana-mohanah'
anyatha visva-moho ‘pi
svayam ‘madana-mohitah'
SYNONYMS
radha-sange -- with Srimati Radharani; yada -- when; bhati -- shines;
tada -- at that time; madana-mohanah -- the enchanter of the mind of
Cupid; anyatha -- otherwise; visva-mohah -- the enchanter of the whole
universe; api -- even though; svayam -- personally; madana-mohitah --
enchanted by Cupid.
TRANSLATION
The female parrot said, "When Lord Sri Krsna is with Radharani, He is
the enchanter of Cupid; otherwise, when He is alone, He Himself is
enchanted by erotic feelings even though He enchants the whole universe."
PURPORT
This is another verse from the Govinda-lilamrta (13.32).
Madhya 17.217
TEXT 217
TEXT
suka-sari udi' punah gela vrksa-dale
mayurera nrtya prabhu dekhe kutuhale
SYNONYMS
suka-sari -- the male and female parrots; udi' -- flying; punah -- again;
gela -- went; vrksa-dale -- to the branch of a tree; mayurera -- of the
peacocks; nrtya -- dancing; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhe --
sees; kutuhale -- with curiosity.
TRANSLATION
Both parrots then flew onto a tree branch, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
began to watch the dancing of the peacocks with curiosity.
Madhya 17.218
TEXT 218
TEXT
mayurera kantha dekhi' prabhura krsna-smrti haila
premavese mahaprabhu bhumite padila
SYNONYMS
mayurera -- of the peacocks; kantha -- necks; dekhi' -- seeing; prabhura
-- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-smrti -- remembrance of Lord Krsna;
haila -- there was; prema-avese -- in ecstatic love; mahaprabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhumite -- on the ground; padila -- fell down.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord saw the bluish necks of the peacocks, His remembrance of
Krsna immediately awakened, and He fell to the ground in ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.219
TEXT 219
TEXT
prabhure murcchita dekhi' sei ta brahmana
bhattacarya-sange kare prabhura santarpana
SYNONYMS
prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; murcchita -- unconscious; dekhi' --
seeing; sei ta brahmana -- indeed that brahmana; bhattacarya-sange --
with the Bhattacarya; kare -- does; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; santarpana -- taking care.
TRANSLATION
When the brahmana saw that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was unconscious, he
and Balabhadra Bhattacarya took care of Him.
Madhya 17.220
TEXT 220
TEXT
aste-vyaste mahaprabhura lana bahirvasa
jala-seka kare ange, vastrera vatasa
SYNONYMS
aste-vyaste -- with great haste; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; lana -- taking; bahirvasa -- covering cloth; jala-seka kare -
- sprinkle water; ange -- on the body; vastrera vatasa -- fanning with
the cloth.
TRANSLATION
They hastily sprinkled water over the Lord's body. Then they took up His
outer cloth and began to fan Him with it.
Madhya 17.221
TEXT 221
TEXT
prabhu-karne krsna-nama kahe ucca kari'
cetana pana prabhu ya'na gadagadi
SYNONYMS
prabhu-karne -- in the ear of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-nama -- the
holy name of Lord Krsna; kahe -- chant; ucca kari' -- loudly; cetana
pana -- coming to consciousness; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ya'
na -- goes; gadagadi -- rolling on the ground.
TRANSLATION
They then began to chant the holy name of Krsna into the Lord's ear.
When the Lord regained consciousness, He began rolling on the ground.
Madhya 17.222
TEXT 222
TEXT
kantaka-durgama vane anga ksata haila
bhattacarya kole kari' prabhure sustha kaila
SYNONYMS
kantaka-durgama -- difficult to traverse because of thorns; vane -- in
the forest; anga -- the body; ksata haila -- became injured; bhattacarya
-- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; kole kari' -- taking Him on his lap; prabhure
-- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sustha kaila -- pacified.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord rolled on the ground, sharp thorns injured His body.
Taking Him on his lap, Balabhadra Bhattacarya pacified Him.
Madhya 17.223
TEXT 223
TEXT
krsnavese prabhura preme garagara mana
‘bol' ‘bol' kari' uthi' karena nartana
SYNONYMS
krsna-avese -- in ecstatic love of Krsna; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; preme -- by love; garagara -- disturbed; mana -- mind; bol
bol -- chant, chant; kari' -- saying; uthi' -- standing up; karena
nartana -- began to dance.
TRANSLATION
The mind of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wandered in ecstatic love of Krsna.
He immediately stood up and said, "Chant! Chant!" Then He Himself began
to dance.
Madhya 17.224
TEXT 224
TEXT
bhattacarya, sei vipra ‘krsna-nama' gaya
nacite nacite pathe prabhu cali' yaya
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- the Bhattacarya; sei vipra -- that brahmana; krsna-nama
gaya -- chant the holy name of Krsna; nacite nacite -- dancing and
dancing; pathe -- on the road; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; cali'
yaya -- goes forward.
TRANSLATION
Being thus ordered by the Lord, both Balabhadra Bhattacarya and the
brahmana began to chant the holy name of Krsna. Then the Lord, dancing
and dancing, proceeded along the path.
Madhya 17.225
TEXT 225
TEXT
prabhura premavesa dekhi' brahmana -- vismita
prabhura raksa lagi' vipra ha-ila cintita
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prema-avesa -- ecstatic love;
dekhi' -- seeing; brahmana -- the brahmana; vismita -- astonished;
prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; raksa lagi' -- for the
protection; vipra -- the brahmana; ha-ila -- became; cintita -- very
anxious.
TRANSLATION
The brahmana was astounded to see the symptoms of ecstatic love
exhibited by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He then became anxious to give the
Lord protection.
Madhya 17.226
TEXT 226
TEXT
nilacale chila yaiche premavesa mana
vrndavana yaite pathe haila sata-guna
SYNONYMS
nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; chila -- was; yaiche -- as; prema-avesa
mana -- always in a mentality of ecstatic love; vrndavana -- to
Vrndavana; yaite -- going; pathe -- on the road; haila -- became; sata-
guna -- one hundred times.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mind was absorbed in ecstatic love at
Jagannatha Puri, but when He passed along the road on the way to
Vrndavana, that love increased a hundred times.
Madhya 17.227
TEXT 227
TEXT
sahasra-guna prema bade mathura darasane
laksa-guna prema bade, bhramena yabe vane
SYNONYMS
sahasra-guna -- one thousand times; prema -- love; bade -- increased;
mathura -- Mathura; darasane -- upon seeing; laksa-guna -- a hundred
thousand times; prema bade -- love increases; bhramena -- wanders; yabe -
- when; vane -- in the forests of Vrndavana.
TRANSLATION
The Lord's ecstatic love increased a thousand times when He visited
Mathura, but it increased a hundred thousand times when He wandered in
the forests of Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.228–229
TEXTS 228–229
TEXT
anya-desa prema uchale ‘vrndavana'-name
saksat bhramaye ebe sei vrndavane
preme garagara mana ratri-divase
snana-bhiksadi-nirvaha karena abhyase
SYNONYMS
anya-desa -- in other countries; prema -- love; uchale -- increases;
vrndavana-name -- by the name of Vrndavana; saksat -- directly; bhramaye
-- travels; ebe -- now; sei vrndavane -- in that Vrndavana; preme -- in
ecstatic love; garagara -- faltering; mana -- mind; ratri-divase -- day
and night; snana-bhiksa-adi -- bathing and accepting food; nirvaha --
accomplishing; karena -- does; abhyase -- by habit.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was elsewhere, the very name of Vrndavana
was sufficient to increase His ecstatic love. Now, when He was actually
traveling in the Vrndavana forest, His mind was absorbed in great
ecstatic love day and night. He ate and bathed simply out of habit.
Madhya 17.230
TEXT 230
TEXT
ei-mata prema -- yavat bhramila ‘bara' vana
ekatra likhilun, sarvatra na yaya varnana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; prema -- ecstatic love; yavat -- so long;
bhramila -- He traveled; bara vana -- through the twelve forests of
Vrndavana; ekatra -- in one place; likhilun -- I have written; sarvatra -
- everywhere; na yaya varnana -- cannot be described.
TRANSLATION
Thus I have written a description of the ecstatic love Lord Caitanya
manifested in one of the places He visited while walking through the
twelve forests of Vrndavana. To describe what He experienced everywhere
would be impossible.
Madhya 17.231
TEXT 231
TEXT
vrndavane haila prabhura yateka premera vikara
koti-granthe ‘ananta' likhena tahara vistara
SYNONYMS
vrndavane -- in Vrndavana; haila -- there were; prabhura -- of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yateka -- as many; premera vikara --
transformations of ecstasy; koti-granthe -- in millions of books; ananta
-- Lord Ananta; likhena -- writes; tahara -- of them; vistara --
elaboration.
TRANSLATION
Lord Ananta writes millions of books elaborately describing the
transformations of ecstatic love experienced by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
in Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.232
TEXT 232
TEXT
tabu likhibare nare tara eka kana
uddesa karite kari dig-darasana
SYNONYMS
tabu -- yet; likhibare -- to write; nare -- is not able; tara -- of that;
eka -- one; kana -- fragment; uddesa -- indication; karite -- to make;
kari -- I perform; dik-darasana -- pointing out the direction.
TRANSLATION
Since Lord Ananta Himself cannot describe even a fragment of these
pastimes, I am simply pointing out the direction.
Madhya 17.233
TEXT 233
TEXT
jagat bhasila caitanya-lilara pathare
yanra yata sakti tata pathare santare
SYNONYMS
jagat -- the whole world; bhasila -- floated; caitanya-lilara -- of the
pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; pathare -- in the inundation; yanra
-- of whom; yata -- as much; sakti -- power; tata -- that much; pathare -
- in the inundation; santare -- swims.
TRANSLATION
The whole world became merged in the inundation of the pastimes of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. One can swim in that water to the extent that he
has the strength.
Madhya 17.234
TEXT 234
TEXT
sri-rupa-raghunatha-pade yara asa
caitanya-caritamrta kahe krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
sri-rupa -- Srila Rupa Gosvami; raghunatha -- Srila Raghunatha dasa
Gosvami; pade -- at the lotus feet; yara -- whose; asa -- expectation;
Caitanya-caritamrta -- the book named Caitanya-caritamrta; kahe --
describes; krsnadasa -- Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami.
TRANSLATION
Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and Sri Raghunatha, always
desiring their mercy, I, Krsnadasa, narrate Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
following in their footsteps.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya-
lila, Seventeenth Chapter, describing the Lord's traveling to Vrndavana.
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Madhya 17: The Lord Travels to Vrndavana
Chapter 17:
The Lord Travels to Vrndavana
The following summary of the Seventeenth Chapter is given by
Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya. After attending the
Ratha-yatra ceremony of Sri Jagannatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu decided
to start for Vrndavana. Sri Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami
selected a brahmana named Balabhadra Bhattacarya to personally assist
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Early in the morning before sunrise, the Lord
started for the town of Kataka. North of Kataka, He penetrated a dense
forest and came upon many tigers and elephants, whom He engaged in
chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. Whenever the Lord had a chance to
visit a village, Balabhadra Bhattacarya would beg alms and acquire some
rice and vegetables. If there were no village, Balabhadra would cook
whatever rice remained and collect some spinach from the forest for the
Lord to eat. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased with the behavior
of Balabhadra Bhattacarya.
In this way the Lord passed through the jungle of Jharikhanda and
finally reached Varanasi. After taking His bath at the Manikarnika-ghata
at Varanasi, He met Tapana Misra, who took the Lord to his place and
respectfully gave Him a comfortable residence. At Varanasi, Vaidya
Candrasekhara, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's old friend, also rendered
service unto Him. Seeing the behavior of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, a
Maharashtrian brahmana informed Prakasananda Sarasvati, the leader of
the Mayavadi sannyasis. Prakasananda made various accusations against
the Lord. The Maharashtrian brahmana was very sorry about this, and he
brought the news to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, inquiring from Him why the
Mayavadi sannyasis did not utter the holy name of Krsna. In reply, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu said that they were offenders and that one should
not associate with them. In this way the Lord bestowed His blessings
upon the brahmana.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next passed through Prayaga and Mathura and then
took His lunch at the home of a Sanodiya brahmana, a disciple of
Madhavendra Puri. He bestowed His blessings upon the brahmana by
accepting lunch at his place. Thereafter the Lord visited the twelve
forests of Vrndavana and was filled with great ecstatic love. As He
toured the Vrndavana forests, He heard the chirping of parrots and other
birds.
Madhya 17.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
gacchan vrndavanam gauro
vyaghrebhaina-khagan vane
premonmattan sahonnrtyan
vidadhe krsna-jalpinah
SYNONYMS
gacchan -- going; vrndavanam -- to Vrndavana-dhama; gaurah -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vyaghra -- tigers; ibha -- elephants; ena -- deer;
khagan -- and birds; vane -- in the forest; prema-unmattan -- maddened
by ecstatic love; saha -- with; unnrtyan -- dancing; vidadhe -- made;
krsna -- Lord Krsna's name; jalpinah -- chanting.
TRANSLATION
On His way to Vrndavana, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed through the
forest of Jharikhanda and made all the tigers, elephants, deer and birds
chant the Hare Krsna maha-mantra and dance. Thus all these animals were
overwhelmed by ecstatic love.
Madhya 17.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya gauracandra jaya nityananda
jayadvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; gauracandra -- to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
jaya -- all glories; nityananda -- to Nityananda Prabhu; jaya -- all
glories; advaita-candra -- to Advaita Acarya; jaya -- all glories; gaura-
bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Caitanya.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! All glories to Lord Nityananda!
All glories to Advaitacandra! And all glories to all the devotees of the
Lord!
Madhya 17.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
sarat-kala haila, prabhura calite haila mati
ramananda-svarupa-sange nibhrte yukati
SYNONYMS
sarat-kala haila -- autumn arrived; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; calite -- to travel; haila -- was; mati -- desire; ramananda
-- Ramananda Raya; svarupa -- Svarupa Damodara; sange -- with; nibhrte --
solitary; yukati -- consultation.
TRANSLATION
When autumn arrived, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu decided to go to Vrndavana.
In a solitary place, He consulted with Ramananda Raya and Svarupa
Damodara Gosvami.
Madhya 17.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
"mora sahaya kara yadi, tumi-dui jana
tabe ami yana dekhi sri-vrndavana
SYNONYMS
mora -- of Me; sahaya -- help; kara -- you do; yadi -- if; tumi -- you;
dui jana -- two persons; tabe -- then; ami -- I; yana -- going; dekhi --
shall see; sri-vrndavana -- Sri Vrndavana-dhama.
TRANSLATION
The Lord requested Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami to help
Him go to Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
ratrye uthi' vana-pathe palana yaba
ekaki yaiba, kahon sange na la-iba
SYNONYMS
ratrye uthi' -- rising at night; vana-pathe -- on the road through the
forest; palana yaba -- I shall go away secretly; ekaki yaiba -- I shall
go alone; kahon -- anyone; sange -- with Me; na la-iba -- I shall not
take.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I shall leave early in the morning and go
incognito, taking the road through the forest. I shall go alone -- I
shall not take anyone with Me.
Madhya 17.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
keha yadi sanga la-ite pache uthi' dhaya
sabare rakhiba, yena keha nahi yaya
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; yadi -- if; sanga la-ite -- to take company; pache --
behind; uthi' -- getting up; dhaya -- runs; sabare -- everyone; rakhiba -
- please stop; yena -- so that; keha -- anyone; nahi yaya -- does not go.
TRANSLATION
"If someone wants to follow Me, please stop him. I don't want anyone to
go with Me.
Madhya 17.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
prasanna hana ajna diba, na maniba ‘duhkha'
toma-sabara ‘sukhe' pathe habe mora ‘sukha'"
SYNONYMS
prasanna hana -- being pleased; ajna diba -- give permission; na -- do
not; maniba duhkha -- become unhappy; toma-sabara -- of all of you;
sukhe -- by the happiness; pathe -- on the road; habe -- there will be;
mora -- My; sukha -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
"Please give Me your permission with great pleasure and do not be
unhappy. If you are happy, I shall be happy on My way to Vrndavana."
Madhya 17.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
dui-jana kahe, -- ‘tumi isvara ‘svatantra'
yei iccha, sei kariba, naha ‘paratantra'
SYNONYMS
dui-jana kahe -- the two persons replied; tumi -- You; isvara -- the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; sva-tantra -- completely independent;
yei iccha -- whatever You desire; sei -- that; kariba -- You will do;
naha -- You are not; para-tantra -- dependent on anyone.
TRANSLATION
Upon hearing this, Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami replied, "
Dear Lord, You are completely independent. Since You are not dependent
on anyone, You will do whatever You desire.
Madhya 17.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
kintu ama-dunhara suna eka nivedane
‘tomara sukhe amara sukha' -- kahila apane
SYNONYMS
kintu -- but; ama-dunhara -- of both of us; suna -- please hear; eka
nivedane -- one submission; tomara sukhe -- by your happiness; amara
sukha -- My happiness; kahila -- You have already stated; apane --
personally.
TRANSLATION
"Dear Lord, kindly hear our one petition. You have already said that You
will derive happiness from our happiness. This is Your own statement.
Madhya 17.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
ama-dunhara mane tabe bada ‘sukha' haya
eka nivedana yadi dhara, dayamaya
SYNONYMS
ama-dunhara -- of us two; mane -- in the mind; tabe -- therefore; bada --
very much; sukha haya -- there is happiness; eka nivedana -- one
request; yadi -- if; dhara -- You accept; daya-maya -- merciful.
TRANSLATION
"If You will please accept just one request, we shall be very, very
happy.
Madhya 17.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
‘uttama brahmana' eka sange avasya cahi
bhiksa kari' bhiksa dibe, yabe patra vahi'
SYNONYMS
uttama brahmana -- a high-class brahmana; eka -- one; sange -- along;
avasya -- certainly; cahi -- we want; bhiksa kari' -- collecting alms;
bhiksa dibe -- will give You food; yabe -- will go; patra vahi' --
bearing Your waterpot.
TRANSLATION
"Our Lord, please take one very nice brahmana with You. He will collect
alms for You, cook for You, give You prasadam and carry Your waterpot
while traveling.
Madhya 17.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
vana-pathe yaite nahi ‘bhojyanna'-brahmana
ajna kara, -- sange caluka vipra eka-jana'
SYNONYMS
vana-pathe -- on the forest path; yaite -- going; nahi -- there is not;
bhojya-anna-brahmana -- a brahmana whose food can be accepted; ajna kara
-- please give permission; sange -- along; caluka -- may go; vipra-
brahmana; eka-jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
"When You go through the jungle, there will be no brahmana available
from whom You can accept lunch. Therefore please give permission for at
least one pure brahmana to accompany You."
Madhya 17.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- nija-sangi kanho na la-iba
eka-jane nile, anera mane duhkha ha-iba
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; nija-sangi -- of My
associates; kanho -- anyone; na -- not; la-iba -- I shall take; eka-jane
nile -- if I take someone; anera mane -- in the mind of others; duhkha
ha-iba -- there will be unhappiness.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I shall not take any of My associates
with Me, because if I choose someone, all the others will be unhappy.
Madhya 17.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
nutana sangi ha-ibeka, -- snigdha yanra mana
aiche yabe pai, tabe la-i ‘eka' jana
SYNONYMS
nutana -- new; sangi -- associate; ha-ibeka -- must be; snigdha -- very
peaceful; yanra -- whose; mana -- mind; aiche -- such; yabe -- if; pai --
I get; tabe -- then; la-i -- I take; eka jana -- one person.
TRANSLATION
"Such a person must be a new man, and he must have a peaceful mind. If I
can obtain such a man, I shall agree to take him with Me."
PURPORT
Formerly, when Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to South India, a brahmana
named Kala Krsnadasa went with Him. Kala Krsnadasa fell victim to a
woman, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had to take the trouble to free him
from the clutches of the gypsies. Therefore the Lord here says that He
wants a new man who is peaceful in mind. One whose mind is not peaceful
is agitated by certain drives, especially sex desire, even though he be
in the company of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Such a man will become a victim
of women and will fall down even in the company of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Maya is so strong that unless one is determined
not to fall victim, even the Supreme Personality of Godhead cannot give
protection. The Supreme Lord and His representative always want to give
protection, but a person must take advantage of their personal contact.
If one thinks that the Supreme Personality of Godhead or His
representative is an ordinary man, he will certainly fall down. Thus Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not want a person like Kala Krsnadasa to
accompany Him. He wanted someone who was determined, who had a peaceful
mind, and who was not agitated by ulterior motives.
Madhya 17.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
svarupa kahe, -- ei balabhadra-bhattacarya
tomate su-snigdha bada, pandita, sadhu, arya
SYNONYMS
svarupa kahe -- Svarupa Damodara Gosvami said; ei -- this; balabhadra-
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; tomate -- unto You; su-snigdha --
affectionate; bada -- very; pandita -- educated; sadhu -- honest; arya --
advanced in spiritual consciousness.
TRANSLATION
Svarupa Damodara then said, "Here is Balabhadra Bhattacarya, who has
great love for You. He is an honest, learned scholar, and he is advanced
in spiritual consciousness.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted a new man, not a person like Kala
Krsnadasa who would fall for women. Svarupa Damodara therefore
immediately pointed out a new brahmana named Balabhadra Bhattacarya. Sri
Svarupa Damodara Gosvami had studied this person very thoroughly and had
seen that he had great love for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Not only did he
love the Lord, but he was also learned and honest. He was not
duplicitous, and he was advanced in Krsna consciousness. According to a
Bengali proverb, ati bhakti corera laksana: "Too much devotion is a
symptom of a thief." A person who assumes himself to be a great devotee
but mentally is thinking of something else is duplicitous. One who is
not duplicitous is called sadhu. Svarupa Damodara immediately pointed
out that Balabhadra Bhattacarya was quite fit to accompany the Lord
because he was a learned scholar and was simple and had great love for
Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He was also advanced in Krsna
consciousness; therefore he was considered appropriate for accompanying
the Lord as a personal servant.
The words snigdha ("very peaceful") and su-snigdha ("affectionate") are
used in verses fourteen and fifteen respectively, and they are also
found in Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.1.8): bruyuh snigdhasya sisyasya guravo
guhyam apy uta. "A disciple who has actual love for his spiritual master
is endowed, by the blessings of the spiritual master, with all
confidential knowledge." Srila Sridhara Svami has commented that the
word snigdhasya means prema-vatah. The word prema-vatah indicates that
one has great love for his spiritual master.
Madhya 17.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
prathamei toma-sange aila gauda haite
inhara iccha ache ‘sarva-tirtha' karite
SYNONYMS
prathamei -- in the beginning; toma-sange -- with You; aila -- came;
gauda haite -- from Bengal; inhara iccha -- his desire; ache -- is;
sarva-tirtha -- all places of pilgrimage; karite -- to go see.
TRANSLATION
"In the beginning, he came with You from Bengal. It is his desire to
visit and see all the holy places of pilgrimage.
Madhya 17.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
inhara sange ache vipra eka ‘bhrtya'
inho pathe karibena seva-bhiksa-krtya
SYNONYMS
inhara sange -- with him; ache -- is; vipra-brahmana; eka -- one; bhrtya
-- servant; inho -- this man; pathe -- on the way; karibena -- will do;
seva -- service; bhiksa-krtya -- and arrangements for cooking.
TRANSLATION
"In addition, You may take another brahmana who will act as a servant en
route and make arrangements for Your food.
Madhya 17.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
inhare sange laha yadi, sabara haya ‘sukha'
vana-pathe yaite tomara nahibe kona ‘duhkha'
SYNONYMS
inhare -- him; sange -- along; laha -- You accept; yadi -- if; sabara
haya sukha -- everyone will be happy; vana-pathe -- on the path through
the jungle; yaite -- going; tomara -- Your; nahibe -- there will not be;
kona -- any; duhkha -- difficulty.
TRANSLATION
"If You can also take him with You, we will be very happy. If two people
go with You through the jungle, there will certainly be no difficulty or
inconvenience.
Madhya 17.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
sei vipra vahi' nibe vastrambu-bhajana
bhattacarya bhiksa dibe kari' bhiksatana
SYNONYMS
sei vipra -- the other brahmana; vahi' nibe -- will carry; vastra-ambu-
bhajana -- the cloth and waterpot; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
bhiksa dibe -- will arrange for cooking; kari' -- performing; bhiksa-
atana -- collecting alms.
TRANSLATION
"The other brahmana can carry Your cloth and waterpot, and Balabhadra
Bhattacarya will collect alms and cook for You."
Madhya 17.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
tanhara vacana prabhu angikara kaila
balabhadra-bhattacarye sange kari' nila
SYNONYMS
tanhara vacana -- his words; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; angikara
kaila -- accepted; balabhadra-bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
sange kari' nila -- took with Him.
TRANSLATION
Thus Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the request of Svarupa Damodara
Pandita and agreed to take Balabhadra Bhattacarya with Him.
Madhya 17.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
purva-ratrye jagannatha dekhi' ‘ajna' lana
sesa-ratre uthi' prabhu calila lukana
SYNONYMS
purva-ratrye -- on the previous night; jagannatha dekhi' -- seeing Lord
Jagannatha; ajna lana -- taking permission; sesa-ratre -- near the end
of night; uthi' -- rising; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; calila --
started; lukana -- without being seen.
TRANSLATION
On the previous night, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had visited Lord
Jagannatha and taken His permission. Now, near the end of the night, the
Lord got up and started immediately. He was not seen by others.
Madhya 17.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
pratah-kale bhakta-gana prabhu na dekhiya
anvesana kari' phire vyakula hana
SYNONYMS
pratah-kale -- early in the morning; bhakta-gana -- all the devotees;
prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; na dekhiya -- not seeing;
anvesana kari' -- searching; phire -- wander; vyakula hana -- becoming
very anxious.
TRANSLATION
Because the Lord had departed, the devotees, unable to see Him early in
the morning, began to search for Him with great anxiety.
Madhya 17.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
svarupa-gosani sabaya kaila nivarana
nivrtta hana rahe sabe jani' prabhura mana
SYNONYMS
svarupa-gosani -- Svarupa Damodara Gosvami; sabaya -- unto everyone;
kaila -- did; nivarana -- forbidding; nivrtta hana -- being restrained;
rahe -- remain; sabe -- all; jani' -- knowing; prabhura mana -- the mind
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
While all the devotees were searching for the Lord, Svarupa Damodara
restrained them. Then everyone fell silent, knowing the mind of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Madhya 17.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
prasiddha patha chadi' prabhu upapathe calila
‘kataka' dahine kari' vane pravesila
SYNONYMS
prasiddha -- well-known; patha -- public way; chadi' -- giving up;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; upapathe -- through a bypass; calila -
- began to walk; kataka -- the city of Kataka; dahine -- on the right
side; kari' -- keeping; vane -- within the forest; pravesila -- entered.
TRANSLATION
The Lord abandoned walking on the well-known public road and went
instead along a bypass. He thus kept the city of Kataka on His right as
He entered the forest.
Madhya 17.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
nirjana-vane cale prabhu krsna-nama lana
hasti-vyaghra patha chade prabhure dekhiya
SYNONYMS
nirjana-vane -- in a solitary forest; cale -- walks; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; krsna-nama lana -- chanting the holy name of Krsna;
hasti -- elephants; vyaghra -- tigers; patha chade -- leave the path;
prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhiya -- seeing.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord passed through the solitary forest chanting the holy name
of Krsna, the tigers and elephants, seeing Him, gave way.
Madhya 17.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
pale-pale vyaghra, hasti, gandara, sukara-gana
tara madhye avese prabhu karila gamana
SYNONYMS
pale-pale -- in flocks; vyaghra -- tigers; hasti -- elephants; gandara --
rhinoceros; sukara-gana -- boars; tara madhye -- through them; avese --
in ecstasy; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karila gamana -- passed.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord passed through the jungle in great ecstasy, packs of
tigers, elephants, rhinoceros and boars came, and the Lord passed right
through them.
Madhya 17.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
dekhi' bhattacaryera mane haya maha-bhaya
prabhura pratape tara eka pasa haya
SYNONYMS
dekhi' -- seeing; bhattacaryera -- of Bhattacarya; mane -- in the mind;
haya -- there was; maha-bhaya -- great fear; prabhura pratape -- by the
influence of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tara -- they; eka pasa haya --
stand to one side.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya was very much afraid to see them, but by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu's influence, all the animals stood to one side.
Madhya 17.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
eka-dina pathe vyaghra kariyache sayana
avese tara gaye prabhura lagila carana
SYNONYMS
eka-dina -- one day; pathe -- on the path; vyaghra -- a tiger; kariyache
sayana -- was lying down; avese -- in ecstatic love; tara gaye -- on his
body; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; lagila -- touched;
carana -- lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
One day a tiger was lying on the path, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
walking along the path in ecstatic love, touched the tiger with His feet.
Madhya 17.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
prabhu kahe, -- kaha ‘krsna', vyaghra uthila
‘krsna' ‘krsna' kahi' vyaghra nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said; kaha krsna -- please chant
Hare Krsna; vyaghra uthila -- the tiger got up; krsna krsna kahi' --
chanting the holy name of Krsna; vyaghra -- the tiger; nacite -- to
dance; lagila -- began.
TRANSLATION
The Lord said, "Chant the holy name of Krsna!" The tiger immediately got
up and began to dance and to chant "Krsna! Krsna!"
Madhya 17.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
ara dine mahaprabhu kare nadi snana
matta-hasti-yutha aila karite jala-pana
SYNONYMS
ara dine -- another day; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare --
does; nadi snana -- bathing in the river; matta-hasti-yutha -- a herd of
maddened elephants; aila -- came; karite -- to do; jala-pana -- drinking
water.
TRANSLATION
Another day, while Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was bathing in a river, a
herd of maddened elephants came there to drink water.
Madhya 17.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
prabhu jala-krtya kare, age hasti aila
‘krsna kaha' bali' prabhu jala pheli' marila
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala-krtya kare -- bathed and
was chanting the Gayatri mantra within the water; age -- in front; hasti
-- the elephants; aila -- came; krsna kaha -- chant Hare Krsna; bali' --
saying; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; jala pheli' -- throwing
water; marila -- struck.
TRANSLATION
While the Lord was bathing and murmuring the Gayatri mantra, the
elephants came before Him. The Lord immediately splashed some water on
the elephants and asked them to chant the name of Krsna.
PURPORT
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was the Supreme Personality of Godhead playing
the part of a very great, advanced devotee. On the maha-bhagavata
platform, the devotee makes no distinction between friends and enemies.
On that platform he sees everyone as a servant of Krsna. As stated in
the Bhagavad-gita (5.18):
vidya-vinaya-sampanne brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva sva-pake ca panditah sama-darsinah
"The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a
learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog, and a dog-eater [
outcaste]."
A maha-bhagavata, being learned and advanced in spiritual consciousness,
sees no difference between a tiger, an elephant or a learned scholar.
The test of advanced spiritual consciousness is that one becomes
fearless. He envies no one, and he is always engaged in the Lord's
service. He sees every living entity as an eternal part and parcel of
the Lord, rendering service according to his capacity by the will of the
Supreme Lord. As Krsna confirms in the Bhagavad-gita (15.15):
sarvasya caham hrdi sannivisto
mattah smrtir jnanam apohanam ca
"I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance,
knowledge and forgetfulness."
The maha-bhagavata knows that Krsna is in everyone's heart. Krsna is
dictating, and the living entity is following His dictations. Krsna is
within the heart of the tiger, elephant and boar. Therefore Krsna tells
them, "Here is a maha-bhagavata. Please do not disturb him." Why, then,
should the animals be envious of such a great personality? Those who are
neophytes or even a little progressed in devotional service should not
try to imitate the maha-bhagavata. Rather, they should only follow in
his footsteps. The word anukara means "imitating," and anusara means "
trying to follow in the footsteps." We should not try to imitate the
activities of a maha-bhagavata or Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Our best
efforts should be exerted in trying to follow them according to our
ability. The maha-bhagavata's heart is completely freed from material
contamination, and he can become very dear even to fierce animals like
tigers and elephants. Indeed, the maha-bhagavata treats them as his very
intimate friends. On this platform there is no question of envy. When
the Lord was passing through the forest, He was in ecstasy, thinking the
forest to be Vrndavana. He was simply searching for Krsna.
Madhya 17.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
sei jala-bindu-kana lage yara gaya
sei ‘krsna' ‘krsna' kahe, preme nace, gaya
SYNONYMS
sei -- those; jala -- of water; bindu -- drops; kana -- particles; lage -
- touch; yara -- whose; gaya -- body; sei -- they; krsna krsna -- Krsna,
Krsna; kahe -- say; preme -- in ecstasy; nace -- dance; gaya -- sing.
TRANSLATION
The elephants whose bodies were touched by the water splashed by the
Lord began to chant "Krsna! Krsna!" and dance and sing in ecstasy.
Madhya 17.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
keha bhume pade, keha karaye citkara
dekhi' bhattacaryera mane haya camatkara
SYNONYMS
keha -- some of them; bhume -- on the ground; pade -- fall down; keha --
some of them; karaye -- perform; cit-kara -- screaming; dekhi' -- seeing;
bhattacaryera -- of Bhattacarya; mane -- in the mind; haya -- there was;
camatkara -- astonishment.
TRANSLATION
Some of the elephants fell to the ground, and some screamed in ecstasy.
Seeing this, Balabhadra Bhattacarya was completely astonished.
Madhya 17.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
pathe yaite kare prabhu ucca sankirtana
madhura kantha-dhvani suni' aise mrgi-gana
SYNONYMS
pathe yaite -- while passing on the path; kare -- does; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ucca -- loud; sankirtana -- chanting of Hare Krsna;
madhura -- sweet; kantha-dhvani -- the voice from His throat; suni' --
hearing; aise -- came; mrgi-gana -- she-deer.
TRANSLATION
Sometimes Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu chanted very loudly while passing
through the jungle. Hearing His sweet voice, all the does came near Him.
Madhya 17.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
dahine-vame dhvani suni' yaya prabhu-sange
prabhu tara anga muche, sloka pade range
SYNONYMS
dahine-vame -- right and left; dhvani -- vibration; suni' -- hearing;
yaya -- they follow; prabhu-sange -- with the Lord; prabhu -- Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; tara -- their; anga -- bodies; muche -- pats; sloka
-- verse; pade -- recites; range -- in great curiosity.
TRANSLATION
Hearing the Lord's great vibration, all the does followed Him left and
right. While reciting a verse with great curiosity, the Lord patted them.
Madhya 17.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
dhanyah sma mudha-matayo 'pi harinya eta
ya nanda-nandanam upatta-vicitra-vesam
akarnya venu-ranitam saha-krsna-sarah
pujam dadhur viracitam pranayavalokaih
SYNONYMS
dhanyah -- fortunate, blessed; sma -- certainly; mudha-matayah --
foolish, without good sense; api -- although; harinyah -- she-deer; etah
-- these; yah -- who; nanda-nandanam -- the son of Maharaja Nanda;
upatta-vicitra-vesam -- dressed very attractively; akarnya -- hearing;
venu-ranitam -- the sound of His flute; saha-krsna-sarah -- accompanied
by the black deer (their husbands); pujam dadhuh -- they worshiped;
viracitam -- performed; pranaya-avalokaih -- by their affectionate
glances.
TRANSLATION
"‘Blessed are all these foolish deer because they have approached
Maharaja Nanda's son, who is gorgeously dressed and is playing on His
flute. Indeed, both the does and the bucks worship the Lord with looks
of love and affection.'"
PURPORT
This is a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.21.11) spoken by the gopis of
Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
hena-kale vyaghra tatha aila panca-sata
vyaghra-mrgi mili' cale mahaprabhura satha
SYNONYMS
hena-kale -- at this time; vyaghra -- tigers; tatha -- there; aila --
came; panca-sata -- five to seven; vyaghra-mrgi -- the tigers and deer;
mili' -- coming together; cale -- go; mahaprabhura satha -- with Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was passing through the jungle, five or
seven tigers came. Joining the deer, the tigers began to follow the Lord.
Madhya 17.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
dekhi' mahaprabhura ‘vrndavana'-smrti haila
vrndavana-guna-varnana sloka padila
SYNONYMS
dekhi' -- seeing; mahaprabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vrndavana -
- of the holy land of Vrndavana; smrti haila -- there was remembrance;
vrndavana -- of Sri Vrndavana; guna -- of the qualities; varnana --
description; sloka -- verse; padila -- recited.
TRANSLATION
Seeing the tigers and deer following Him, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
immediately remembered the land of Vrndavana. He then began to recite a
verse describing the transcendental quality of Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
yatra naisarga-durvairah
sahasan nr-mrgadayah
mitranivajitavasa-
druta-rut-tarsanadikam
SYNONYMS
yatra -- where; naisarga -- by nature; durvairah -- living in enmity;
saha asan -- live together; nr -- human beings; mrga-adayah -- and
animals; mitrani -- friends; iva -- like; ajita -- of Lord Sri Krsna;
avasa -- residence; druta -- gone away; rut -- anger; tarsana-adikam --
thirst and so on.
TRANSLATION
"‘Vrndavana is the transcendental abode of the Lord. There is no hunger,
anger or thirst there. Though naturally inimical, human beings and
fierce animals live together there in transcendental friendship.'"
PURPORT
This is a statement from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.13.60). After stealing
the cowherd boys and calves of Sri Krsna, Lord Brahma kept them asleep
and hid them. After a moment, Brahma returned to see Krsna's condition.
When he saw that Krsna was still busy with His cowherd boyfriends and
animals and was not disturbed, Lord Brahma appreciated the
transcendental opulence of Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
‘krsna krsna kaha' kari' prabhu yabe balila
‘krsna' kahi' vyaghra-mrga nacite lagila
SYNONYMS
krsna krsna kaha -- chant "Krsna, Krsna"; kari' -- in this way; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; yabe -- when; balila -- uttered; krsna kahi' --
chanting the holy name of Krsna; vyaghra-mrga -- the tigers and deer;
nacite lagila -- began to dance.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said "Chant ‘Krsna! Krsna!'" the tigers and
deer began to chant "Krsna!" and dance.
Madhya 17.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
nace, kunde vyaghra-gana mrgi-gana-sange
balabhadra-bhattacarya dekhe apurva-range
SYNONYMS
nace -- dance; kunde -- jump; vyaghra-gana -- the tigers; mrgi-gana-
sange -- with the does; balabhadra-bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
dekhe -- sees; apurva-range -- with great wonder.
TRANSLATION
When all the tigers and does danced and jumped, Balabhadra Bhattacarya
saw them and was struck with wonder.
Madhya 17.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
vyaghra-mrga anyonye kare alingana
mukhe mukha diya kare anyonye cumbana
SYNONYMS
vyaghra-mrga -- the tigers and deer; anyonye -- one another; kare -- do;
alingana -- embracing; mukhe mukha diya -- touching one another's mouths;
kare -- do; anyonye cumbana -- kissing one another.
TRANSLATION
Indeed, the tigers and deer began to embrace one another, and touching
mouths, they began to kiss.
Madhya 17.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
kautuka dekhiya prabhu hasite lagila
ta-sabake tahan chadi' age cali' gela
SYNONYMS
kautuka dekhiya -- seeing this fun; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
hasite lagila -- began to smile; ta-sabake -- all of them; tahan chadi' -
- leaving there; age -- forward; cali' gela -- advanced.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw all this fun, He began to smile.
Finally He left the animals and continued on His way.
Madhya 17.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
mayuradi paksi-gana prabhure dekhiya
sange cale, ‘krsna' bali' nace matta hana
SYNONYMS
mayura-adi -- beginning with peacocks; paksi-gana -- different types of
birds; prabhure -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; dekhiya -- seeing; sange
cale -- go with Him; krsna bali' -- chanting the holy name of Krsna;
nace -- dance; matta hana -- becoming mad.
TRANSLATION
Various birds, including the peacock, saw Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and
began to follow Him, chanting and dancing. They were all maddened by the
holy name of Krsna.
Madhya 17.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
‘hari-bola' bali' prabhu kare ucca-dhvani
vrksa-lata -- praphullita, sei dhvani suni,
SYNONYMS
hari-bola -- the vibration of "Haribol"; bali' -- chanting; prabhu --
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kare -- makes; ucca-dhvani -- a loud sound;
vrksa-lata -- the trees and creepers; praphullita -- very jubilant; sei -
- that; dhvani -- sound; suni' -- hearing.
TRANSLATION
When the Lord loudly chanted "Haribol!" the trees and creepers became
jubilant to hear Him.
PURPORT
The loud chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra is so powerful that it can
even penetrate the ears of trees and creepers, what to speak of those of
animals and human beings. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu once asked Haridasa
Thakura how trees and plants could be delivered, and Haridasa Thakura
replied that the loud chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra would
benefit not only trees and plants but insects and all other living
beings. One should therefore not be disturbed by the loud chanting of
Hare Krsna, for it is beneficial not only to the chanter but to everyone
who gets an opportunity to hear.
Madhya 17.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
‘jharikhande' sthavara-jangama ache yata
krsna-nama diya kaila premete unmatta
SYNONYMS
jharikhande -- in the place known as Jharikhanda; sthavara-jangama --
moving and not moving; ache -- there are; yata -- all; krsna-nama diya --
giving them the holy name of Lord Krsna; kaila -- made; premete -- in
ecstasy; unmatta -- mad.
TRANSLATION
Thus all living entities in the forest of Jharikhanda -- some moving and
some standing still -- became maddened by hearing the holy name of Lord
Krsna vibrated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
The great forest of Jharikhanda is a great tract of land including
Atagada, Dhenkanala, Angula, Lahara, Kiyanjhada, Bamada, Bonai,
Gangapura, Chota Nagapura, Yasapura and Saraguja. All these places,
which are covered with mountains and jungles, are known as Jharikhanda.
Madhya 17.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
yei grama diya yana, yahan karena sthiti
se-saba gramera lokera haya ‘prema-bhakti'
SYNONYMS
yei grama -- which villages; diya yana -- the Lord goes through; yahan --
where; karena -- takes; sthiti -- rest; se-saba -- all those; gramera --
of the villages; lokera -- of the people; haya -- there is awakening of;
prema-bhakti -- ecstatic love of God.
TRANSLATION
In all the villages through which the Lord passed and in all the places
He rested on His journey, everyone was purified and awakened to ecstatic
love of God.
Madhya 17.48–49
TEXTS 48–49
TEXT
keha yadi tanra mukhe sune krsna-nama
tanra mukhe ana sune tanra mukhe ana
sabe ‘krsna' ‘hari' bali' nace, kande, hase
paramparaya ‘vaisnava' ha-ila sarva dese
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; yadi -- when; tanra mukhe -- from His mouth; sune --
hears; krsna-nama -- chanting of the Hare Krsna mantra; tanra mukhe --
from the mouth of such chanters; ana sune -- someone else hears; tanra
mukhe -- and from his mouth; ana -- someone else; sabe -- all of them;
krsna -- Lord Krsna's holy name; hari -- another holy name of the Lord;
bali' -- chanting; nace -- dance; kande -- cry; hase -- smile;
paramparaya -- by disciplic succession; vaisnava -- devotees; ha-ila --
became; sarva-dese -- in all countries.
TRANSLATION
When someone heard the chanting of the holy name from the mouth of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and someone else heard this chanting from that
second person, and someone again heard this chanting from the third
person, everyone in all countries became a Vaisnava through such
disciplic succession. Thus everyone chanted the holy name of Krsna and
Hari, and they danced, cried and smiled.
PURPORT
The transcendental potency of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra is herein
explained. First, the holy name is vibrated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
When someone hears from Him directly, he is purified. When another
person hears from that person, he also is purified. In this way the
purification process is advanced among pure devotees. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and no one can claim
His potency. Nonetheless, if one is a pure devotee, hundreds and
thousands of men can be purified by his vibration. This potency is
within every living being, provided he chants the Hare Krsna maha-mantra
offenselessly and without material motives. When a pure devotee chants
offenselessly, another person will become a Vaisnava, and from him
another Vaisnava will emerge. This is the parampara system.
Madhya 17.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
yadyapi prabhu loka-sanghattera trase
prema ‘gupta' karena, bahire na prakase
SYNONYMS
yadyapi -- although; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; loka-sanghattera
-- of crowds of people; trase -- being afraid; prema -- ecstasy; gupta
karena -- keeps hidden; bahire -- externally; na -- does not; prakase --
manifest.
TRANSLATION
The Lord did not always manifest His ecstasy. Being afraid of a great
assembly of people, the Lord kept His ecstasy concealed.
Madhya 17.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
tathapi tanra darsana-sravana-prabhave
sakala desera loka ha-ila ‘vaisnave'
SYNONYMS
tathapi -- still; tanra -- His; darsana -- of seeing; sravana -- of
hearing; prabhave -- by the potency; sakala -- all; desera -- of
countries; loka -- people; ha-ila -- became; vaisnave -- pure devotees
of the Lord.
TRANSLATION
Although Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not manifest His natural ecstatic
love, everyone became a pure devotee simply by seeing and hearing Him.
PURPORT
Srila Rupa Gosvami has described Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as maha-vadanya-
avatara, the most munificent incarnation. Although Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is not physically present now, simply by chanting His holy
name (sri-krsna-caitanya prabhu-nityananda sri-advaita gadadhara
srivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrnda) people throughout the world are becoming
devotees. This is due to the ecstatic chanting of the holy name of the
Lord. It is said that a pure devotee can see the Lord at every moment,
and because of this he is empowered by the Lord. This is confirmed in
the Brahma-samhita (5.38): premanjana-cchurita-bhakti-vilocanena santah
sadaiva hrdayesu vilokayanti. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared five
hundred years ago, but it cannot be said that now the potency of the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra is less than it was in His presence. By hearing
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu through the parampara system, one can be
purified. Therefore in this verse it is said, tathapi tanra darsana-
sravana-prabhave. It is not that everyone is able to see Krsna or Sri
Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu physically, but if one hears about Him through
books like Sri Caitanya-caritamrta and through the parampara system of
pure Vaisnavas, there is no difficulty in becoming a pure Vaisnava, free
from mundane desires and personal motivations.
Madhya 17.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
gauda, banga, utkala, daksina-dese giya
lokera nistara kaila apane bhramiya
SYNONYMS
gauda -- Bengal; banga -- East Bengal; utkala -- Orissa; daksina-dese --
southern India; giya -- going; lokera -- of all the people; nistara --
liberation; kaila -- did; apane -- personally; bhramiya -- touring.
TRANSLATION
In this way, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally toured Bengal, East
Bengal, Orissa and the southern countries, and He delivered all kinds of
people by spreading Krsna consciousness.
Madhya 17.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
mathura yaibara chale asena jharikhanda
bhilla-praya loka tahan parama-pasanda
SYNONYMS
mathura -- to Mathura; yaibara -- of going; chale -- on the pretext;
asena -- came; jharikhanda -- to Jharikhanda; bhilla-praya -- like the
Bheels, a kind of low people; loka -- people; tahan -- there; parama-
pasanda -- without God consciousness.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to Jharikhanda on His way to Mathura,
He found that the people there were almost uncivilized and were devoid
of God consciousness.
PURPORT
The word bhilla refers to a class of men belonging to the Bheels. The
Bheels are like Black Africans, and they are lower than sudras. Such
people generally live in the jungle, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had to
meet them.
Madhya 17.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
nama-prema diya kaila sabara nistara
caitanyera gudha-lila bujhite sakti kara
SYNONYMS
nama-prema diya -- bestowing upon them ecstatic love and the holy name;
kaila -- did; sabara nistara -- liberation of all of them; caitanyera --
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gudha-lila -- confidential pastimes; bujhite
-- to understand; sakti -- the power; kara -- who has.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave even the Bheels an opportunity to chant the
holy name and come to the platform of ecstatic love. Thus He delivered
all of them. Who has the power to understand the transcendental pastimes
of the Lord?
PURPORT
As evidence of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mercy, we are experiencing that
the people of Africa are taking to Krsna consciousness, chanting and
dancing and taking prasadam like other Vaisnavas. This is all due to the
power of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Who can understand how His potency is
working all over the world?
Madhya 17.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
vana dekhi' bhrama haya -- ei ‘vrndavana'
saila dekhi' mane haya -- ei ‘govardhana'
SYNONYMS
vana dekhi' -- seeing the forest; bhrama haya -- there is illusion; ei --
this; vrndavana -- Vrndavana forest; saila dekhi' -- seeing a hill;
mane haya -- considers; ei govardhana -- this is Govardhana Hill.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed through the Jharikhanda forest, He
took it for granted that it was Vrndavana. When He passed over the hills,
He took it for granted that they were Govardhana.
Madhya 17.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
yahan nadi dekhe tahan manaye -- ‘kalindi'
maha-premavese nace prabhu pade kandi'
SYNONYMS
yahan -- wherever; nadi -- river; dekhe -- sees; tahan -- there; manaye -
- considers; kalindi -- the river Yamuna; maha-prema-avese -- in great
ecstatic love; nace -- dances; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; pade --
falls down; kandi' -- crying.
TRANSLATION
Similarly, whenever Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw a river, He immediately
accepted it as the river Yamuna. Thus while in the forest He was filled
with great ecstatic love, and He danced and fell down crying.
Madhya 17.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
pathe yaite bhattacarya saka-mula-phala
yahan yei payena tahan layena sakala
SYNONYMS
pathe yaite -- while passing on the way; bhattacarya -- Balabhadra
Bhattacarya; saka -- spinach; mula -- roots; phala -- fruits; yahan --
wherever; yei -- whatever; payena -- he gets; tahan -- there; layena --
he takes; sakala -- all.
TRANSLATION
Along the way, Balabhadra Bhattacarya collected all kinds of spinach,
roots and fruit whenever possible.
Madhya 17.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
ye-grame rahena prabhu, tathaya brahmana
panca-sata jana asi' kare nimantrana
SYNONYMS
ye-grame -- in whatever village; rahena -- stays; prabhu -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; tathaya -- there; brahmana-brahmanas; panca-sata jana --
five or seven persons; asi' -- coming; kare -- do; nimantrana --
invitation.
TRANSLATION
Whenever Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited a village, a few brahmanas --
five or seven -- would come and extend invitations to the Lord.
Madhya 17.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
keha anna ani' deya bhattacarya-sthane
keha dugdha, dadhi, keha ghrta, khanda ane
SYNONYMS
keha -- someone; anna -- grain; ani' -- bringing; deya -- delivers;
bhattacarya-sthane -- before Balabhadra Bhattacarya; keha -- someone;
dugdha -- milk; dadhi -- yogurt; keha -- someone; ghrta -- ghee; khanda -
- sugar; ane -- brings.
TRANSLATION
Some people would bring grain and deliver it to Balabhadra Bhattacarya.
Others would bring milk and yogurt, and still others would bring ghee
and sugar.
Madhya 17.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
yahan vipra nahi tahan ‘sudra-mahajana'
asi' sabe bhattacarye kare nimantrana
SYNONYMS
yahan -- wherever; vipra-brahmana; nahi -- there is not; tahan -- there;
sudra-maha-jana -- devotees born in families other than brahmana; asi' --
coming; sabe -- all of them; bhattacarye -- to Balabhadra Bhattacarya;
kare nimantrana -- make invitation.
TRANSLATION
In some villages there were no brahmanas; nonetheless, devotees born in
non-brahmana families came and extended invitations to Balabhadra
Bhattacarya.
PURPORT
Actually a sannyasi or a brahmana will not accept an invitation extended
by a person born in a lower family. However, there are many devotees who
are raised to the platform of brahmana by their initiation. These people
are called sudra-mahajana. This indicates that one who is born in a non-
brahmana family has accepted the brahmana status by initiation. Such
devotees extended invitations to Balabhadra Bhattacarya. A Mayavadi
sannyasi will accept an invitation only from a brahmana family, but a
Vaisnava does not accept an invitation from a brahmana if he does not
belong to the Vaisnava sect. However, a Vaisnava will accept an
invitation from a brahmana or sudra-mahajana if that person is an
initiated Vaisnava. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu Himself accepted invitations
from sudra-mahajanas, and this confirms the fact that anyone initiated
by a Vaisnava mantra can be accepted as a brahmana. One can accept an
invitation from such a person.
Madhya 17.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
bhattacarya paka kare vanya-vyanjana
vanya-vyanjane prabhura anandita mana
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; paka kare -- cooks; vanya-
vyanjana -- all varieties of forest vegetables; vanya-vyanjane -- by
such forest vegetables; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; anandita
mana -- the mind is very happy.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya used to cook all kinds of vegetables gathered
from the forest, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to accept
these preparations.
Madhya 17.62–63
TEXTS 62–63
TEXT
dui-cari dinera anna rakhena samhati
yahan sunya vana, lokera nahika vasati
tahan sei anna bhattacarya kare paka
phala-mule vyanjana kare, vanya nana saka
SYNONYMS
dui-cari -- two to four; dinera -- of days; anna -- food grain; rakhena -
- keeps; samhati -- in stock; yahan -- wherever; sunya vana -- the
solitary forest; lokera -- of people; nahika -- there is not; vasati --
habitation; tahan -- there; sei -- that; anna -- food grain; bhattacarya
-- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; kare paka -- cooks; phala-mule -- with roots
and fruits; vyanjana kare -- he prepares vegetables; vanya -- from the
forest; nana saka -- many kinds of spinach.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya used to keep a stock of food grain that would
last from two to four days. Where there were no people, he would cook
the grain and prepare vegetables, spinach, roots and fruits collected
from the forest.
Madhya 17.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
parama santosa prabhura vanya-bhojane
maha-sukha pana, ye dina rahena nirjane
SYNONYMS
parama -- very much; santosa -- satisfaction; prabhura -- of the Lord;
vanya-bhojane -- in eating vegetables collected from the forest; maha-
sukha pana -- gets great happiness; ye dina -- on which day; rahena --
stays; nirjane -- in a solitary place.
TRANSLATION
The Lord was always very happy to eat these forest vegetables, and He
was even happier when He had an opportunity to stay in a solitary place.
Madhya 17.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
bhattacarya seva kare, snehe yaiche ‘dasa'
tanra vipra vahe jala-patra-bahirvasa
SYNONYMS
bhattacarya -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; seva kare -- renders service;
snehe -- in great affection; yaiche -- exactly like; dasa -- a servant;
tanra vipra -- his brahmana assistant; vahe -- carries; jala-patra --
the waterpot; bahirvasa -- and garments.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya was so affectionate to the Lord that he was
rendering service just like a menial servant. His assistant brahmana
carried the waterpot and garments.
Madhya 17.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
nirjharete usnodake snana tina-bara
dui-sandhya agni-tapa kasthera apara
SYNONYMS
nirjharete -- in the waterfalls; usna-udake -- in warm water; snana --
bath; tina-bara -- thrice; dui-sandhya -- morning and evening; agni-tapa
-- heating by a fire; kasthera -- of wood; apara -- without limit.
TRANSLATION
The Lord used to bathe three times a day in the warm water of the
waterfalls. He also used to heat Himself morning and evening with a fire
made with the limitless wood.
Madhya 17.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
nirantara premavese nirjane gamana
sukha anubhavi' prabhu kahena vacana
SYNONYMS
nirantara -- always; prema-avese -- in ecstatic love; nirjane -- in a
solitary place; gamana -- going; sukha anubhavi' -- feeling happiness;
prabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; kahena -- says; vacana -- statement.
TRANSLATION
While traveling in this secluded forest and feeling very happy, Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu made the following statement.
Madhya 17.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
suna, bhattacarya, -- "ami gelana bahu-desa
vana-pathe duhkhera kahan nahi pai lesa
SYNONYMS
suna -- please hear; bhattacarya -- My dear Bhattacarya; ami -- I;
gelana -- traveled; bahu-desa -- many countries; vana-pathe -- through
the forest path; duhkhera -- of unhappiness; kahan -- anywhere; nahi pai
-- I do not get; lesa -- even a trace.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Bhattacarya, I have traveled very far through the forest, and I
have not even slightly received any trouble.
Madhya 17.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
krsna -- krpalu, amaya bahuta krpa kaila
vana-pathe ani' amaya bada sukha dila
SYNONYMS
krsna -- Lord Krsna; krpalu -- very kind; amaya -- upon Me; bahuta --
greatly; krpa -- mercy; kaila -- showed; vana-pathe -- on the path in
the forest; ani' -- bringing; amaya -- unto Me; bada -- very much; sukha
-- happiness; dila -- gave.
TRANSLATION
"Krsna is very merciful, especially to Me. He has shown His mercy by
bringing Me on this path through the forest. Thus He has given Me great
pleasure.
Madhya 17.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
purve vrndavana yaite karilana vicara
mata, ganga, bhakta-gane dekhiba eka-bara
SYNONYMS
purve -- formerly; vrndavana -- to the holy place of Vrndavana; yaite --
to go; karilana -- I did; vicara -- consideration; mata -- mother; ganga
-- the Ganges; bhakta-gane -- and devotees; dekhiba -- I shall see; eka-
bara -- once.
TRANSLATION
"Before this, I decided to go to Vrndavana and on the way see My mother,
the river Ganges and other devotees once again.
Madhya 17.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
bhakta-gana-sange avasya kariba milana
bhakta-gane sange lana yaba ‘vrndavana'
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gana-sange -- with all My devotees; avasya -- certainly; kariba --
shall do; milana -- meeting; bhakta-gane -- all the devotees; sange --
along with Me; lana -- taking; yaba -- I shall go; vrndavana -- to
Vrndavana-dhama.
TRANSLATION
"I thought that once again I would see and meet all the devotees and
take them with Me to Vrndavana.
Madhya 17.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
eta bhavi' gauda-dese karilun gamana
mata, ganga bhakte dekhi' sukhi haila mana
SYNONYMS
eta bhavi' -- thinking like this; gauda-dese -- to Bengal; karilun
gamana -- I went; mata -- My mother; ganga -- the Ganges; bhakte --
devotees; dekhi' -- seeing; sukhi -- happy; haila -- became; mana -- My
mind.
TRANSLATION
"Thus I went to Bengal, and I was very happy to see My mother, the river
Ganges and the devotees.
Madhya 17.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
bhakta-gane lana tabe calilana range
laksa-koti loka tahan haila ama-sange
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gane -- all the devotees; lana -- taking; tabe -- then; calilana
range -- I started with great pleasure; laksa-koti -- many thousands and
millions; loka -- people; tahan -- there; haila -- became; ama-sange --
My companions.
TRANSLATION
"However, when I started for Vrndavana, many thousands and millions of
people gathered and began to go with Me.
Madhya 17.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
sanatana-mukhe krsna ama sikhaila
taha vighna kari' vana-pathe lana aila
SYNONYMS
sanatana-mukhe -- from the mouth of Sanatana; krsna -- Lord Krsna; ama --
unto Me; sikhaila -- gave instructions; taha -- that; vighna kari' --
making a hindrance; vana-pathe -- on the path through the forest; lana --
taking; aila -- came.
TRANSLATION
"In this way I was going to Vrndavana with a big crowd, but through
the mouth of Sanatana, Krsna taught Me a lesson. Thus by making some
impediment, He has brought Me to Vrndavana on the path through the
forest.
Madhya 17.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
krpara samudra, dina-hine dayamaya
krsna-krpa vina kona ‘sukha' nahi haya"
SYNONYMS
krpara samudra -- ocean of mercy; dina-hine -- unto the poor and fallen;
daya-maya -- very merciful; krsna-krpa -- the mercy of Krsna; vina --
without; kona -- any; sukha -- happiness; nahi haya -- there is not.
TRANSLATION
"Krsna is an ocean of mercy. He is especially merciful to the poor and
fallen. Without His mercy, there is no possibility of happiness."
Madhya 17.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
bhattacarye alingiya tanhare kahila
‘tomara prasade ami eta sukha paila'
SYNONYMS
bhattacarye -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; alingiya -- embracing; tanhare --
unto him; kahila -- said; tomara prasade -- by your kindness; ami -- I;
eta -- so much; sukha -- happiness; paila -- got.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then embraced Balabhadra Bhattacarya and told
him, "It is only by your kindness that I am now so happy."
Madhya 17.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
tenho kahena, -- "tumi ‘krsna', tumi ‘dayamaya'
adhama jiva muni, more ha-ila sadaya
SYNONYMS
tenho kahena -- the Bhattacarya said; tumi krsna -- You are Krsna
Himself; tumi -- You; daya-maya -- merciful; adhama -- the lowest of the
low; jiva -- living entity; muni -- I; more -- unto me; ha-ila -- You
have been; sa-daya -- favorable.
TRANSLATION
Balabhadra Bhattacarya replied, "My dear Lord, You are Krsna Himself,
and therefore You are merciful. I am a fallen living entity, but You
have bestowed a great favor upon me.
Madhya 17.78
TEXT 78
TEXT
muni chara, more tumi sange lana aila
krpa kari' mora hate ‘prabhu' bhiksa kaila
SYNONYMS
muni -- I; chara -- most fallen; more -- me; tumi -- You; sange -- with;
lana -- taking; aila -- have come; krpa kari' -- showing great mercy;
mora hate -- from my hand; prabhu -- my Lord; bhiksa kaila -- You
accepted food.
TRANSLATION
"Sir, I am most fallen, yet You have brought me with You. Showing great
mercy, You have accepted food prepared by me.
Madhya 17.79
TEXT 79
TEXT
adhama-kakere kaila garuda-samana
‘svatantra isvara' tumi -- svayam bhagavan"
SYNONYMS
adhama-kakere -- the most condemned crow; kaila -- You have made; garuda-
samana -- like Garuda; svatantra -- independent; isvara -- Supreme
Personality of Godhead; tumi -- You; svayam bhagavan -- the original
Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"You have made me Your carrier Garuda, although I am no better than a
condemned crow. Thus You are the independent Personality of Godhead, the
original Lord.
Madhya 17.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
mukam karoti vacalam
pangum langhayate girim
yat-krpa tam aham vande
paramananda-madhavam
SYNONYMS
mukam -- a person who cannot speak; karoti -- makes; vacalam -- an
eloquent speaker; pangum -- a person who cannot even walk; langhayate --
causes to cross over; girim -- the mountain; yat-krpa -- whose mercy;
tam -- unto Him; aham -- I; vande -- offer obeisances; parama-ananda --
the transcendentally blissful; madhavam -- Supreme Personality of
Godhead.
TRANSLATION
"‘The Supreme Personality of Godhead has the form of sac-cid-ananda-
vigraha [Bs. 5.1] -- transcendental bliss, knowledge and eternity. I
offer my respectful obeisances unto Him, who turns the dumb into
eloquent speakers and enables the lame to cross mountains. Such is the
mercy of the Lord.'"
PURPORT
This is a quotation from the Bhavartha-dipika commentary on Srimad-
Bhagavatam (1.1.1).
Madhya 17.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
ei-mata balabhadra karena stavana
prema-seva kari' tusta kaila prabhura mana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; balabhadra -- Balabhadra Bhattacarya; karena --
offers; stavana -- prayers; prema-seva kari' -- rendering service in
love; tusta -- pacified; kaila -- made; prabhura -- of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; mana -- the mind.
TRANSLATION
In this way Balabhadra Bhattacarya offered his prayers to the Lord. By
rendering service unto Him in ecstatic love, he pacified the Lord's mind.