\\psf\Home\Desktop\Cc-1975\Adi 10 -- 1975.TXT
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Adi 10-1975: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the
Caitanya Tree
Chapter 10
The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Caitanya Tree
This chapter describes the branches of the tree named Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-caitanya-padambhoja-madhupebhyo namo namah
kathancid asrayad yesam svapi tad-gandha-bhag bhavet
SYNONYMS
sri-caitanya -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; padambhoja -- the
lotus feet; madhu -- honey; pebhyah -- unto those who drink; namah --
respectful obeisances; namah -- respectful obeisances; kathancit -- a
little of it; asrayat -- taking shelter of; yesam -- of whom; sva -- dog;
api -- also; tat-gandha -- the aroma of the lotus flower; bhak --
shareholder; bhavet -- may become.
TRANSLATION
Let me repeatedly offer my respectful obeisances unto the beelike
devotees who always taste the honey of the lotus feet of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. If even a doggish nondevotee somehow takes shelter of such
devotees, he enjoys the aroma of the lotus flower.
PURPORT
The example of a dog is very significant in this connection. A dog
naturally does not become a devotee at any time, but still it is
sometimes found that a dog of a devotee gradually becomes a devotee also.
We have actually seen that a dog has no respect even for the tulasi
plant. Indeed, a dog is especially inclined to pass urine on the tulasi
plant. Therefore the dog is the number one nondevotee. But Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's sankirtana movement is so strong that even a doglike
nondevotee can gradually become a devotee by the association of a
devotee of Lord Caitanya. Srila Sivananda Sena, a great householder
devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, attracted a dog on the street while
going to Jagannatha Puri. The dog began to follow him and ultimately
went to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu and was liberated. Similarly, cats and
dogs in the household of Srivasa Thakura were also liberated. Cats and
dogs and other animals are not expected to become devotees, but in the
association of a pure devotee they are also delivered.
Adi 10.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-krsna-caitanya-nityananda
jayadvaitacandra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-krsna-caitanya -- to Lord Sri Krsna
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nityananda -- Lord Nityananda; jaya
advaitacandra -- all glories to Advaita Prabhu; jaya -- all
glories; gaura-bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Caitanya, headed
by Srivasa.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda! All glories
to Advaita Prabhu and all glories to the devotees of Lord Caitanya,
headed by Srivasa!
Adi 10.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
ei malira -- ei vrksera akathya kathana
ebe suna mukhya-sakhara nama-vivarana
SYNONYMS
ei malira -- of this gardener; ei vrksera -- of this tree; akathya
kathana -- inconceivable description; ebe -- now; suna -- hear; mukhya --
chief; sakhara -- branches; nama -- of the names; vivarana --
description.
TRANSLATION
The description of Lord Caitanya as the gardener and the tree is
inconceivable. Now hear with attention about the branches of this tree.
Adi 10.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
caitanya-gosanira yata parisada-caya
guru-laghu-bhava tanra na haya niscaya
SYNONYMS
caitanya -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gosanira -- of the supreme
spiritual master; yata -- all; parisada-caya -- groups of associates;
guru-laghu-bhava -- conceptions of high and low; tanra -- of them; na --
never; haya -- become; niscaya -- ascertained.
TRANSLATION
The associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu were many, but none of them
should be considered lower or higher. This cannot be ascertained.
Adi 10.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
yata yata mahanta kaila tan-sabara ganana
keha karibare nare jyestha-laghu-krama
SYNONYMS
yata yata -- as many as there are; mahanta -- great devotees; kaila --
made; tan-sabara -- of all of them; ganana -- counting; keha -- all of
them; karibare nare -- cannot do; jyestha -- elder; laghu -- younger;
krama -- chronology.
TRANSLATION
All the great personalities in the line of Lord Caitanya enumerated
these devotees, but they could not distinguish between the greater and
the lesser.
Adi 10.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
ataeva tan-sabare kari' namaskara
nama-matra kari, dosa na labe amara
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; tan-sabare -- to all of them; kari' -- doing;
namaskara -- offer my obeisances; nama-matra -- that is also a token;
kari -- I do; dosa -- fault; na -- do not; labe -- take; amara -- of me.
TRANSLATION
I offer my obeisances unto them as a token of respect. I request them
not to consider my offenses.
Adi 10.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
vande srikrsnacaitanya-premamarataroh priyan
sakha-rupan bhakta-ganan krsna-prema-phala-pradan
SYNONYMS
vande -- I offer my obeisances; sri-krsna-caitanya -- to Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prema-amara-taroh -- of the eternal tree full of
love of Godhead; priyan -- those who are devotees; sakha-rupan --
represented as branches; bhakta-ganan -- all the devotees; krsna-prema --
of love of Krsna; phala -- of the fruit; pradan -- the givers.
TRANSLATION
I offer my obeisances to all the dear devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the eternal tree of love of Godhead. I offer my respects to
all the branches of the tree, the devotees of the Lord who distribute
the fruit of love of Krsna.
PURPORT
Sri Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami sets the example of offering obeisances
to all the preacher devotees of Lord Caitanya, without distinction as to
higher and lower. Unfortunately, at present there are many foolish so-
called devotees of Lord Caitanya who make such distinctions. For example,
the title "Prabhupada" is offered to a spiritual master, especially to
a distinguished spiritual master such as Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada,
Srila Jiva Gosvami Prabhupada or Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami
Prabhupada. When our disciples similarly wanted to address their
spiritual master as Prabhupada, some foolish people became envious. Not
considering the propaganda work of the Hare Krsna movement, simply
because these disciples addressed their spiritual master as Prabhupada
they became so envious that they formed a faction along with other such
envious persons just to minimize the value of the Krsna consciousness
movement. To chastise such fools, Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami very
frankly says, keha karibare nare jyestha-laghu-krama. Anyone who is a
bona fide preacher of the cult of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu must be
respectful to the real devotees of Lord Caitanya; one should not be
envious, considering one preacher to be very great and another to be
very lowly. This is a material distinction and has no place on the
platform of spiritual activities. Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami therefore
offers equal respect to all the preachers of the cult of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, who are compared to the branches of the tree. ISKCON is one
of these branches, and it should therefore be respected by all sincere
devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
srivasa pandita, ara sri-rama pandita
dui bhai -- dui sakha, jagate vidita
SYNONYMS
srivasa pandita -- of the name Srivasa Pandita; ara -- and; sri-rama
pandita -- of the name Sri Rama Pandita; dui bhai -- two brothers; dui
sakha -- two branches; jagate -- in the world; vidita -- well known.
TRANSLATION
The two brothers Srivasa Pandita and Sri Rama Pandita started two
branches that are well known in the world.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 90, Srivasa Pandita
is described to be an incarnation of Narada Muni, and Sri Rama
Pandita, his younger brother, is said to be an incarnation of Parvata
Muni, a great friend of Narada's. Srivasa Pandita's wife, Malini, is
celebrated as an incarnation of the nurse Ambika, who fed Lord Krsna
with her breast milk, and as already noted, his niece Narayani, the
mother of Thakura Vrndavana dasa, the author of Caitanya-bhagavata,
was the sister of Ambika in krsna-lila. We also understand from the
description of Caitanya-bhagavata that after Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's acceptance of the sannyasa order, Srivasa Pandita left
Navadvipa, possibly because of feelings of separation, and domiciled at
Kumarahatta.
Adi 10.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
sripati, srinidhi -- tanra dui sahodara
cari bhaira dasa-dasi, grha-parikara
SYNONYMS
sripati -- of the name Sripati; srinidhi -- of the name Srinidhi; tanra -
- their; dui -- two; sahodara -- own brothers; cari -- four; bhaira --
brothers; dasa-dasi -- family members, manservants and maidservants;
grha-parikara -- all counted in one family.
TRANSLATION
Their two brothers were named Sripati and Srinidhi. These four brothers
and their servants and maidservants are considered one big branch.
Adi 10.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
dui sakhara upasakhaya tan-sabara ganana
yanra grhe mahaprabhura sada sankirtana
SYNONYMS
dui sakhara -- of the two branches; upasakhaya -- on the sub-
branches; tan-sabara -- of all of them; ganana -- counting; yanra grhe --
in whose house; mahaprabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sada --
always; sankirtana -- congregational chanting.
TRANSLATION
There is no counting the sub-branches of these two branches. Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu held congregational chanting daily at the house of
Srivasa Pandita.
Adi 10.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
cari bhai sa-vamse kare caitanyera seva
gauracandra vina nahi jane devi-deva
SYNONYMS
cari bhai -- four brothers; sa-vamse -- with all family members; kare --
do; caitanyera -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; seva -- service;
gauracandra -- Gaurasundara (Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu); vina -- except;
nahi jane -- they do not know; devi -- goddess; deva -- or god.
TRANSLATION
These four brothers and their family members fully engaged in the
service of Lord Caitanya. They knew no other god or goddess.
PURPORT
Srila Narottama dasa Thakura has said, anya-devasraya nai, tomare kahinu
bhai, ei bhakti parama-karana: if one wants to become a pure, staunch
devotee, one should not take shelter of any of the demigods or
goddesses. Foolish Mayavadis say that worshiping demigods is as good as
worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but that is not a fact.
This philosophy misleads people to atheism. One who has no idea what God
actually is thinks that any form he imagines or any rascal he accepts
can be God. This acceptance of cheap gods or incarnations of God is
actually atheism. It is to be concluded, therefore, that those who
worship demigods or self-proclaimed incarnations of God are all atheists.
They have lost their knowledge, as confirmed in Bhagavad-gita.
Kamais tais tair hrta-jnanah prapadyante 'nya-devatah: "Those whose
minds are distorted by material desires surrender unto demigods." (Bg. 7.
20) Unfortunately, those who do not cultivate Krsna consciousness and do
not properly understand the Vedic knowledge accept any rascal to be an
incarnation of God, and they are of the opinion that one can become an
incarnation simply by worshiping a demigod. This philosophical hodge-
podge exists under the name of the Hindu religion, but the Krsna
consciousness movement does not approve of it. Indeed, we strongly
condemn it. Such worship of demigods and so-called incarnations of God
should never be confused with the pure Krsna consciousness movement.
Adi 10.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
'acaryaratna' nama dhare bada eka sakha
tanra parikara, tanra sakha-upasakha
SYNONYMS
acaryaratna -- of the name Acaryaratna; nama -- name; dhare -- he
accepts; bada -- big; eka -- one; sakha -- branch; tanra -- his;
parikara -- associates; tanra -- his; sakha -- branch; upasakha --
sub-branches.
TRANSLATION
Another big branch was Acaryaratna, and his associates were sub-
branches.
Adi 10.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
acaryaratnera nama 'sri-candrasekhara' --
yanra ghare devi-bhave nacila isvara
SYNONYMS
acaryaratnera -- of Acaryaratna; nama -- name; sri-candrasekhara -- of
the name Sri Candrasekhara; yanra -- of whom; ghare -- in the home; devi-
bhave -- as the goddess; nacila -- danced; isvara -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Acaryaratna was also named Sri Candrasekhara Acarya. In a drama in his
house, Lord Caitanya played the goddess of fortune.
PURPORT
Dramatic performances were also enacted during the presence of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but the players who took part in such dramas were
all pure devotees; no outsiders were allowed. The members of ISKCON
should follow this example. Whenever they stage dramatic performances
about the lives of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu or Lord Krsna, the players
must be pure devotees. Professional players and dramatic actors have no
sense of devotional service, and therefore although they can perform
very artistically, there is no life in such performances. Srila
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to refer to such an actor as
yatra-dale narada, which means "farcical Narada." Sometimes an actor in
a drama plays the part of Narada Muni, although in his private life he
is not at all like Narada Muni because he is not a devotee. Such actors
are not needed in dramatic performances about the lives of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and Lord Krsna.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to perform dramas with Advaita Prabhu,
Srivasa Thakura and other devotees in the house of Candrasekhara. The
place where Candrasekhara's house was situated is now known as
Vrajapattana. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura established a
branch of his Sri Caitanya Matha at this place. When Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu decided to accept the renounced order of life, Candrasekhara
Acarya was informed of this by Sri Nityananda Prabhu, and therefore he
was also present when Lord Caitanya accepted sannyasa from Kesava
Bharati in Katwa. It is he who first spread word in Navadvipa of
Lord Caitanya's accepting sannyasa. Sri Candrasekhara Acarya was present
during many important incidents in the pastimes of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. He therefore forms the second branch of the tree of Lord
Caitanya.
Adi 10.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
pundarika vidyanidhi -- bada-sakha jani
yanra nama lana prabhu kandila apani
SYNONYMS
pundarika vidyanidhi -- of the name Pundarika Vidyanidhi; bada-sakha --
another big branch; jani -- I know; yanra nama -- whose name; lana --
taking; prabhu -- the Lord; kandila -- cried; apani -- Himself.
TRANSLATION
Pundarika Vidyanidhi, the third big branch, was so dear to Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu that in his absence Lord Caitanya Himself would sometimes cry.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika Srila Pundarika Vidyanidhi is
described to be the father of Srimati Radharani in krsna-lila. Caitanya
Mahaprabhu therefore treated him as His father. Pundarika Vidyanidhi's
father was known as Banesvara or, according to another opinion,
Suklambara Brahmacari, and his mother's name was Gangadevi. According to
one opinion, Banesvara was a descendent of Sri Sivarama Gangopadhyaya.
The original home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi was in East Bengal
in a village near Dacca named Baghiya which belonged to
the Varendra group of brahmana families. Sometimes these Varendra
brahmanas were at odds with another group known as Radhiya brahmanas,
and therefore Pundarika Vidyanidhi's family was ostracized and at that
time was not living as a respectable family. Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
informs us that one of the members of this family is living in Vrndavana
and is named Sarojananda Gosvami. One special characteristic of this
family is that each of its members had only one son or no son at all,
and therefore the family was not very expansive. There is a place in the
district of Cattagrama in East Bengal that is known as Hatahajari, and a
short distance from this place is a village known as Mekhala-grama in
which Pundarika Vidyanidhi's forefathers lived. One can approach Mekhala-
grama from Cattagrama either on horseback, by bullock cart or by steamer.
The steamer station is known as Annapurnara-ghata. The birthplace of
Pundarika Vidyanidhi is about two miles southwest of Annapurnara-ghata.
The temple constructed there by Pundarika Vidyanidhi is now very old and
much in need of repair. Without repair, the temple may soon crumble.
There are two inscriptions on the bricks of that temple, but they are so
old that one cannot read them. There is another temple, however, about
200 yards south of this one, and some people say that this is the old
temple constructed by Pundarika Vidyanidhi.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu called Pundarika Vidyanidhi "father," and He
gave him the title Premanidhi. Pundarika Vidyanidhi later became the
spiritual master of Gadadhara Pandita and an intimate friend of Svarupa
Damodara. Gadadhara Pandita at first misunderstood Pundarika
Vidyanidhi to be an ordinary pounds and shillings man, but later, upon
being corrected by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he became his disciple.
Another incident in the life of Pundarika Vidyanidhi involves his
criticizing the priest of the Jagannatha temple, for which Jagannatha
Prabhu chastised him personally by slapping his cheeks. This is
described in Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Seven. Sri
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura informs us that there
are still two living descendants of the family of Pundarika Vidyanidhi,
who are named Sri Harakumara Smrtitirtha and Sri Krsnakinkara
Vidyalankara. For further information one should refer to the dictionary
known as Vaisnava-manjusa.
Adi 10.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
bada sakha, -- gadadhara pandita-gosani
tenho laksmi-rupa, tanra sama keha nai
SYNONYMS
bada sakha -- big branch; gadadhara pandita-gosani -- the descendants or
disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita; tenho -- Gadadhara Pandita;
laksmi-rupa -- incarnation of the pleasure potency of Lord Krsna; tanra -
- his; sama -- equal; keha -- anyone; nai -- there is none.
TRANSLATION
Gadadhara Pandita, the fourth branch, is described as an incarnation of
the pleasure potency of Sri Krsna. No one, therefore, can equal him.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verses 147 through 153, it is stated: "
The pleasure potency of Sri Krsna formerly known as Vrndavanesvari is
now personified in the form of Sri Gadadhara Pandita in the pastimes of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Sri Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has pointed out
that in the shape of Laksmi, the pleasure potency of Krsna, she was
formerly very dear to the Lord as Syamasundara-vallabha. The same
Syamasundara-vallabha is now present as
Gadadhara Pandita. Formerly, as Lalita-sakhi, she was always devoted to
Srimati Radharani.
In the Twelfth
Chapter of this part of Caitanya-caritamrta there is a description
of the descendants or disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita.
Adi 10.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
tanra sisya-upasisya, -- tanra upasakha
eimata saba sakha-upasakhara lekha
SYNONYMS
tanra -- his; sisya -- disciples; upasisya -- grand-disciples
and admirers; tanra -- his; upasakha -- sub-branches; eimata --
in this way; saba -- all; sakha -- branches; upasakhara -- sub-
branches; lekha -- to describe by writing.
TRANSLATION
His disciples and grand-disciples are his sub-branches.
To describe them all would be difficult.
Adi 10.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
vakresvara pandita -- prabhura bada priya bhrtya
eka-bhave cabbisa prahara yanra nrtya
SYNONYMS
vakresvara pandita -- of the name Vakresvara Pandita; prabhura -- of the
Lord; bada -- very much; priya -- dear; bhrtya -- servant; eka-bhave --
continuously in the same ecstasy; cabbisa -- twenty-four; prahara -- a
duration of time comprising three hours; yanra -- whose; nrtya --
dancing.
TRANSLATION
Vakresvara Pandita, the fifth branch of the tree, was a very dear
servant of Lord Caitanya's. He could dance with constant ecstasy for
seventy-two hours.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 71, it is stated that Vakresvara
Pandita was an incarnation of Aniruddha, one of the quadruple expansions
of Visnu (Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Aniruddha and Pradyumna). He could dance
wonderfully for seventy-two continuous hours. When Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu played in dramatic performances in the house of Srivasa
Pandita, Vakresvara Pandita was one of the chief dancers, and he danced
continually for that length of time. Sri Govinda dasa, an Oriya devotee
of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, has described the life of Vakresvara
Pandita in his book Gaura-Krsnodaya. There are many disciples of
Vakresvara Pandita in Orissa, and they are known as Gaudiya Vaisnavas
although they are Oriyas. Among these disciples are Sri Gopalaguru and
his disciple Sri Dhyanacandra Gosvami.
Adi 10.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
apane mahaprabhu gaya yanra nrtya-kale
prabhura carana dhari' vakresvara bale
SYNONYMS
apane -- personally; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gaya -- sang;
yanra -- whose; nrtya-kale -- at the time of dancing; prabhura -- of
the Lord; carana -- lotus feet; dhari' -- embracing; vakresvara --
Vakresvara Pandita; bale -- said.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally sang while Vakresvara Pandita danced,
and thus Vakresvara Pandita fell at the lotus feet of the Lord and spoke
as follows.
Adi 10.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
dasa-sahasra gandharva more deha' candramukha
tara gaya, muni nacon -- tabe mora sukha
SYNONYMS
dasa-sahasra -- ten thousand; gandharva -- residents of Gandharvaloka;
more -- unto me; deha' -- please deliver; candramukha -- O moon-
faced one; tara gaya -- let them sing; muni nacon -- let me dance; tabe -
- then; mora -- my; sukha -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
"O Candramukha! Please give me 10,000 Gandharvas. Let them sing as
I dance, and then I will be greatly happy."
PURPORT
The Gandharvas, who are residents of Gandharvaloka, are celebrated as
celestial singers. Whenever singing is needed in the celestial planets,
the Gandharvas are invited to sing. The Gandharvas can sing continuously
for days, and therefore Vakresvara Pandita wanted to dance as they sang.
Adi 10.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
prabhu bale -- tumi mora paksa eka sakha
akase uditama yadi pan ara pakha
SYNONYMS
prabhu bale -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; tumi -- you; mora --
My; paksa -- wing; eka -- one; sakha -- one-sided; akase -- in the sky;
uditama -- I could fly; yadi -- if; pan -- I could get; ara -- another;
pakha -- wing.
TRANSLATION
Lord Caitanya replied: "I have only one wing like you, but if I had
another, certainly I would fly in the sky!"
Adi 10.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
pandita jagadananda prabhura prana-rupa
loke khyata yenho satyabhamara svarupa
SYNONYMS
pandita jagadananda -- of the name Pandita Jagadananda; prabhura -- of
the Lord; prana-rupa -- life and soul; loke -- in the world; khyata --
celebrated; yenho -- who; satyabhamara -- of Satyabhama; svarupa --
personification.
TRANSLATION
Pandita Jagadananda, the sixth branch of the Caitanya tree, was
celebrated as the life and soul of the Lord. He is known to have been an
incarnation of Satyabhama [one of the chief queens of Lord Krsna].
PURPORT
There are many dealings of Jagadananda Pandita with Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Most importantly, he was the Lord's constant companion and
especially took part in all the pastimes of the Lord in the houses of
Srivasa Pandita and Candrasekhara Acarya.
Adi 10.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
pritye karite cahe prabhura lalana-palana
vairagya-loka-bhaye prabhu na mane kakhana
SYNONYMS
pritye -- in intimacy or affection; karite -- to do; cahe -- wanted;
prabhura -- the Lord's; lalana-palana -- maintenance; vairagya --
renouncement; loka-bhaye -- fearing the public; prabhu -- the Lord; na --
did not; mane -- accept; kakhana -- any time.
TRANSLATION
Jagadananda Pandita [as an incarnation of Satyabhama] always wanted to
see to the comfort of Lord Caitanya, but since the Lord was a sannyasi
He did not accept the luxuries that Jagadananda Pandita offered.
Adi 10.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
dui-jane khatmati lagaya kondala
tanra prityera katha age kahiba sakala
SYNONYMS
dui-jane -- two persons; khatmati -- fighting over trifles; lagaya --
continued; kondala -- quarrel; tanra -- his; prityera -- affection;
katha -- narration; age -- ahead; kahiba -- I shall speak; sakala -- all.
TRANSLATION
They sometimes appeared to fight over trifles, but these quarrels were
based on their affection, of which I shall speak later.
Adi 10.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
raghava-pandita -- prabhura adya-anucara
tanra eka sakha mukhya -- makaradhvaja kara
SYNONYMS
raghava pandita -- of the name Raghava Pandita; prabhura -- of the Lord;
adya -- original; anucara -- follower; tanra -- his; eka -- one; sakha --
branch; mukhya -- chief; makaradhvaja -- of the name Makaradhvaja; kara
-- surname.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's original follower, is
understood to have been the seventh branch. From him proceeded another
sub-branch, headed by Makaradhvaja Kara.
PURPORT
Kara was the surname of Makaradhvaja. At present this surname is
generally found in the Kayastha community. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika,
verse 44, states:
dhanistha bhaksya-samagrim krsnayadad vraje 'mitam
saiva sampratam gauranga-priyo raghava-panditah
Raghava Pandita was formerly a confidential gopi in Vraja during the
time of Lord Krsna's pastimes, and his former name was Dhanistha. This
gopi, Dhanistha, always engaged in preparing foodstuffs for Krsna.
Adi 10.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
tanhara bhagini damayanti prabhura priya dasi
prabhura bhoga-samagri ye kare vara-masi
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- his; bhagini -- sister; damayanti -- of the name Damayanti;
prabhura -- of the Lord; priya -- dear; dasi -- maidservant; prabhura --
of the Lord; bhoga-samagri -- cooking materials; ye -- who; kare -- does;
vara-masi -- throughout the whole year.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita's sister Damayanti was the dear maidservant of the Lord.
She always collected various ingredients with which to cook for Lord
Caitanya.
PURPORT
In the
Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 167, it is mentioned, gunamala vraje
yasid damayanti tu tat-svasa: "The gopi named Gunamala has now appeared
as his sister Damayanti." On the East Bengal railway line
beginning from the Sealdah station in Calcutta, there is a station named
Sodapura which is not very far from Calcutta. Within one mile of this
station, toward the western side of the Ganges, is a village known as
Panihati in which the residential quarters of Raghava Pandita still
exist. On Raghava Pandita's tomb is a creeper on a concrete platform.
There is also a Madana-mohana Deity in a broken-down temple nearby. This
temple is managed by a local Zamindar of the name Sri Sivacandra Raya
Caudhuri. Makaradhvaja Kara was also an inhabitant of Panihati.
Adi 10.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
se saba samagri yata jhalite bhariya
raghava la-iya ya'na gupata kariya
SYNONYMS
se saba -- all those; samagri -- ingredients; yata -- all of them;
jhalite bhariya -- packing in a bag; raghava -- Raghava Pandita; la-
iya -- carried; ya'na -- goes; gupata kariya -- very confidentially.
TRANSLATION
The foodstuffs Damayanti cooked for Lord Caitanya when He was at Puri
were carried in a bag by her brother Raghava without the knowledge of
others.
Adi 10.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
vara-masa taha prabhu karena angikara
'raghavera jhali' bali' prasiddhi yahara
SYNONYMS
vara-masa -- the whole year; taha -- all those foodstuffs; prabhu --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena -- did; angikara -- accept;
raghavera jhali -- the bag of Raghava Pandita; bali' -- so called;
prasiddhi -- celebrated; yahara -- of which.
TRANSLATION
The Lord accepted these foodstuffs throughout the entire year. That
bag is still celebrated as Raghavera jhali ["the bag of Raghava
Pandita"].
Adi 10.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
se-saba samagri age kariba vistara
yahara sravane bhaktera vahe asrudhara
SYNONYMS
se-saba -- all these things; samagri -- ingredients of the foods; age --
further on; kariba -- I shall describe; vistara -- vividly; yahara -- of
which; sravane -- by the hearing; bhaktera -- of a devotee; vahe --
flowing; asrudhara -- tears.
TRANSLATION
I shall describe the contents of the bag of Raghava Pandita later in
this book. Hearing this narration, devotees generally cry, and tears
glide down from their eyes.
PURPORT
A vivid description of this Raghavera jhali is to be found in Chapter
Ten of the Antya-lila portion of Sri Caitanya-caritamrta.
Adi 10.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
prabhura atyanta priya -- pandita gangadasa
yanhara smarane haya sarva-bandha-nasa
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of the Lord; atyanta -- very much; priya -- dear; pandita
gangadasa -- of the name Pandita Gangadasa; yanhara -- who; smarane --
by remembering; haya -- it becomes; sarva-bandha-nasa -- freedom from
all kinds of bondage.
TRANSLATION
Pandita Gangadasa was the eighth dear branch of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. One who remembers his activities attains freedom from all
bondage.
Adi 10.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
caitanya-parsada -- sri-acarya purandara
pita kari' yanre bale gauranga-sundara
SYNONYMS
caitanya-parsada -- associate of Lord Caitanya; sri-acarya purandara --
of the name Sri Acarya Purandara; pita -- father; kari' -- taking him;
yanre -- whom; bale -- says; gauranga-sundara -- Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Sri Acarya Purandara, the ninth branch, was a constant associate of Lord
Caitanya. The Lord accepted him as His father.
PURPORT
It is described in the Caitanya-bhagavata that whenever Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu visited the house of Raghava Pandita, He also visited
Purandara Acarya immediately upon receiving an invitation. Purandara
Acarya is to be considered most fortunate because the Lord used to greet
him by addressing him as His father and embracing him in great love.
Adi 10.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
damodara-pandita sakha premete pracanda
prabhura upare yenho kaila vakya-danda
SYNONYMS
damodara-pandita -- of the name Damodara Pandita; sakha -- another
branch (the tenth branch); premete -- in affection; pracanda -- very
much advanced; prabhura -- the Lord; upare -- upon; yenho -- he who;
kaila -- did; vakya-danda -- chastisement by speaking.
TRANSLATION
Damodara Pandita, the tenth branch of the Caitanya tree, was so elevated
in love of Lord Caitanya that he once unhesitatingly chastised the Lord
with strong words.
Adi 10.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
danda-katha kahiba age vistara kariya
dande tusta prabhu tanre pathaila nadiya
SYNONYMS
danda-katha -- the narration of such chastisement; kahiba -- I shall
speak; age -- ahead; vistara -- detailed description; kariya -- making;
dande -- in the matter of chastisement; tusta prabhu -- the Lord is very
much satisfied; tanre -- him; pathaila -- sent back; nadiya -- Nadia (a
district in Bengal).
TRANSLATION
I shall describe in detail this
incident of chastisement later in Caitanya-caritamrta. The Lord, being
very much satisfied by this chastisement, sent Damodara Pandita to
Navadvipa.
PURPORT
Damodara Pandita, who was formerly known as Saibya in Vrajadhama,
used to carry messages from Lord Caitanya to Sacimata, and during the
Rathayatra festival he carried messages from Sacimata to Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
tanhara anuja sakha -- sankara-pandita
'prabhu-padopadhana' yanra nama vidita
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- his (Damodara Pandita's); anuja -- younger brother; sakha --
the eleventh branch; sankara-pandita -- of the name Sankara Pandita;
prabhu -- the Lord's; pada-upadhana -- shoes; yanra -- whose; nama --
name; vidita -- celebrated.
TRANSLATION
The eleventh branch, the younger brother of Damodara Pandita, was known
as Sankara Pandita. He was celebrated as the shoes of the Lord.
Adi 10.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
sadasiva-pandita yanra prabhu-pade asa
prathamei nityanandera yanra ghare vasa
SYNONYMS
sadasiva-pandita -- of the name Sadasiva Pandita; yanra -- whose; prabhu-
pade -- unto the lotus feet of the Lord; asa -- constant desire;
prathamei -- in the beginning; nityanandera -- of Lord Nityananda; yanra
-- of whom; ghare -- in the home; vasa -- residence.
TRANSLATION
Sadasiva Pandita, the twelfth branch, was always anxious to serve the
lotus feet of the Lord. It was his good fortune that when Lord
Nityananda came to Navadvipa He resided at his house.
PURPORT
It is mentioned in the Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Nine,
that Sadasiva Pandita was a pure devotee and that Nityananda Prabhu
resided at his house.
Adi 10.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
sri-nrsimha-upasaka -- pradyumna brahmacari
prabhu tanra nama kaila 'nrsimhananda' kari'
SYNONYMS
sri-nrsimha-upasaka -- the worshiper of Lord Nrsimhadeva; pradyumna
brahmacari -- of the name Pradyumna Brahmacari; prabhu -- the Lord;
tanra -- his; nama -- name; kaila -- turned into; nrsimhananda -- of the
name Nrsimhananda; kari' -- by such a name.
TRANSLATION
The thirteenth branch was Pradyumna Brahmacari. Since he was a worshiper
of Lord Nrsimhadeva, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu changed his name to
Nrsimhananda Brahmacari.
PURPORT
Pradyumna Brahmacari is described in the Antya-lila, Second Chapter, of
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta. He was a great devotee of Lord Caitanya, who
changed his name to Nrsimhananda. While coming from the house of Raghava
Pandita at Panihati to the house of Sivananda, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
appeared in the heart of Nrsimhananda Brahmacari. To acknowledge this,
Nrsimhananda Brahmacari used to accept as eatables the foodstuffs of
three Deities, namely, Jagannatha, Nrsimhadeva and Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. This is stated in the Caitanya-caritamrta, Antya-lila,
Second Chapter, verses 48 through 78. Upon receiving information that
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu was proceeding toward Vrndavana from Kulia,
Nrsimhananda absorbed himself in meditation and by his mental activities
constructed a very nice road from Kulia to Vrndavana. All
of a sudden, however, he broke his meditation and told the other
devotees that this time Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu would not go to
Vrndavana but only as far as the place known as Kanai's
Natasala. This is described in the Madhya-lila, Chapter One, verses 55
through 62. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 74, says, avesas ca
tathajneyo misre pradyumna-samjnake: Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu changed the
name of Pradyumna Misra, or Pradyumna Brahmacari, to Nrsimhananda
Brahmacari, for in his heart Lord Nrsimhadeva was manifest. It is said
that Lord Nrsimhadeva used to talk with him directly.
Adi 10.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
narayana-pandita eka badai udara
caitanya-carana vinu nahi jane ara
SYNONYMS
narayana-pandita -- of the name Narayana Pandita; eka -- one; badai --
very much; udara -- liberal; caitanya-carana -- the lotus feet of Lord
Caitanya; vinu -- except; nahi -- not; jane -- know; ara -- anything
else.
TRANSLATION
Narayana Pandita, the fourteenth branch, a great and liberal devotee,
did not know any shelter but Lord Caitanya's lotus feet.
PURPORT
Narayana Pandita was one of the associates of Srivasa Thakura. It is
mentioned in Caitanya-bhagavata, Ninth Chapter, verse
93, that he went to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri with
Srivasa Thakura's brother Sri Rama Pandita.
Adi 10.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
sriman-pandita sakha -- prabhura nija bhrtya
deuti dharena, yabe prabhu karena nrtya
SYNONYMS
sriman-pandita -- of the name Sriman Pandita; sakha -- branch; prabhura -
- of the Lord; nija -- own; bhrtya -- servant; deuti -- torchlight;
dharena -- carries; yabe -- while; prabhu -- Lord Caitanya; karena --
does; nrtya -- dance.
TRANSLATION
The fifteenth branch was Sriman Pandita, who was a constant servitor of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He used to carry a torch while the Lord danced.
PURPORT
Sriman Pandita was among the companions of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu when
the Lord performed sankirtana. When Lord Caitanya dressed Himself in the
form of the goddess Laksmi and danced in the streets of Navadvipa,
Sriman Pandita carried a torch to light the way.
Adi 10.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
suklambara-brahmacari bada bhagyavan
yanra anna magi' kadi' khaila bhagavan
SYNONYMS
suklambara-brahmacari -- of the name Suklambara Brahmacari; bada -- very
much; bhagyavan -- fortunate; yanra -- whose; anna -- food; magi' --
begging; kadi' -- snatching; khaila -- ate; bhagavan -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
The sixteenth branch, Suklambara Brahmacari, was very fortunate because
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu jokingly or seriously begged food from him or
sometimes snatched it from him forcibly and ate it.
PURPORT
It is stated that Suklambara Brahmacari, an inhabitant of Navadvipa, was
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's first companion in the sankirtana movement.
When Lord Caitanya returned from Gaya after initiation, He stayed with
Suklambara Brahmacari because He wanted to hear from this devotee about
the pastimes of Lord Krsna. Suklambara Brahmacari collected alms of rice
from the inhabitants of Navadvipa, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took
pleasure in eating the rice that he cooked. It is said that Suklambara
Brahmacari was one of the wives of the yajnic brahmanas during the time
of Lord Krsna's pastimes in Vrndavana. Lord Krsna begged foodstuffs from
the wives of the yajnic brahmanas, and Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
performed a similar pastime by begging rice from Suklambara Brahmacari.
Adi 10.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
nandana-acarya-sakha jagate vidita
lukaiya dui prabhura yanra ghare sthita
SYNONYMS
nandana-acarya -- of the name Nandana Acarya; sakha -- the seventeenth
branch; jagate -- in the world; vidita -- celebrated; lukaiya -- hiding;
dui -- two; prabhura -- of the Lords; yanra -- of whom; ghare -- in the
house; sthita -- situated.
TRANSLATION
Nandana Acarya, the seventeenth branch of the Caitanya tree, is
celebrated within the world because the two Prabhus [Lord Caitanya and
Nityananda] sometimes hid in his house.
PURPORT
Nandana Acarya was another companion of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu during
His kirtana pastimes in Navadvipa. Srila Nityananda Prabhu, as Avadhuta,
traveled on many pilgrimages, and when He first came to Sri Navadvipa-
dhama He remained hidden in the house of Nandana Acarya. It is there
that He first met all the devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When
Caitanya Mahaprabhu exhibited His maha-prakasa, He asked Ramai Pandita
to call Advaita Prabhu, who was hiding in the home of Nandana Acarya,
for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu could understand that He was hiding.
Similarly, Lord Caitanya also sometimes hid in the home of Nandana
Acarya. In this connection one may refer to Caitanya-bhagavata,
Madhya-lila, Chapters Six and Seventeen.
Adi 10.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
sri-mukunda-datta sakha -- prabhura samadhyayi
yanhara kirtane nace caitanya-gosani
SYNONYMS
sri-mukunda-datta -- of the name Sri Mukunda Datta; sakha -- another
branch; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samadhyayi -- class
friend; yanhara -- whose; kirtane -- in sankirtana; nace -- dances;
caitanya-gosani -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta, a class friend of Lord Caitanya's, was another branch of
the Caitanya tree. Lord Caitanya danced while he sang.
PURPORT
Sri Mukunda Datta was born in the Cattagrama district in the village of
Chanhara, which is under the jurisdiction of the police station named
Patiya. This village is situated ten krosas, or about twenty miles, from
the home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (140) it
is said:
vraje sthitau gayakau yau madhukantha-madhuvratau
mukunda-vasudevau tau dattau gauranga-gayakau
"In Vraja there were two very nice singers named Madhukantha and
Madhuvrata. They appeared in caitanya-lila as Mukunda and Vasudeva Datta,
who were singers in the society of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu." When Lord
Caitanya was a student, Mukunda Datta was His class friend, and they
frequently engaged in logical arguments. Sometimes Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu would fight with Mukunda Datta, using tricks of logic. This
is described in Caitanya-bhagavata, Adi-lila, Chapters Seven and
Eight. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned from Gaya, Mukunda Datta
gave Him pleasure by reciting verses from Srimad-Bhagavatam about krsna-
lila. It was by his endeavor that Gadadhara Pandita Gosvami became a
disciple of Pundarika Vidyanidhi, as stated in
Madhya-lila, Chapter Seven. When Mukunda Datta sang in the courtyard
of Srivasa Prabhu, Mahaprabhu danced with His singing, and when Lord
Caitanya for twenty-one hours exhibited an ecstatic manifestation known
as sata-prahariya, Mukunda Datta inaugurated the function by singing.
Sometimes Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu chastised Mukunda Datta by calling
him khadajathiya beta because he attended many functions held by
different classes of nondevotees. This is stated in Caitanya-
bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Ten. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
dressed Himself as the goddess of fortune to dance in the house of
Candrasekhara, Mukunda Datta began the first song.
Before disclosing His desire to take the renounced order of life, Lord
Caitanya first went to the house of Mukunda Datta, but at that time
Mukunda Datta requested Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu to continue His
sankirtana movement for a few days more before taking sannyasa. This is
stated in Caitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Twenty-five.
The information of Lord Caitanya's accepting the renounced order was
made known to Gadadhara Pandita, Candrasekhara Acarya and Mukunda Datta
by Nityananda Prabhu, and therefore all of them went to Katwa and
arranged for kirtana and all the paraphernalia for Lord Caitanya's
acceptance of sannyasa. After the Lord took sannyasa, they all followed
Him, especially Sri Nityananda Prabhu, Gadadhara Prabhu and Govinda
, who followed Him all the way to Purusottama-ksetra. In this
connection one may refer to Antya-lila,
Chapter Two. In the place known as Jalesvara, Nityananda Prabhu broke
the sannyasa rod of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Mukunda Datta
was also present at that time. He went every year from Bengal to see
Lord Caitanya at Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
vasudeva datta -- prabhura bhrtya mahasaya
sahasra-mukhe yanra guna kahile na haya
SYNONYMS
vasudeva datta -- of the name Vasudeva Datta; prabhura -- of Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhrtya -- servant; mahasaya -- great personality;
sahasra-mukhe -- with thousands of mouths; yanra -- whose; guna --
qualities; kahile -- describing; na -- never; haya -- becomes fulfilled.
TRANSLATION
Vasudeva Datta, the nineteenth branch of the Sri Caitanya tree, was a
great personality and a most confidential devotee of the Lord. One could
not describe his qualities even with thousands of mouths.
PURPORT
Vasudeva Datta, the brother of Mukunda Datta, was also a resident of
Cattagrama. In the Caitanya-bhagavata it is said, yanra sthane krsna
haya apane vikraya: Vasudeva Datta was such a powerful devotee that
Krsna was purchased by him. Vasudeva Datta stayed at Srivasa Pandita's
house, and in Caitanya-bhagavata it is described that Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu was so pleased with Vasudeva Datta and so affectionate toward
him that He used to say, "I am only Vasudeva Datta's man. My body is
only meant to please Vasudeva Datta, and he can sell Me anywhere."
Thrice He vowed that this was a fact and that no one should disbelieve
these statements. "All My dear devotees," He said, "I tell you the truth.
My body is especially meant for Vasudeva Datta." Vasudeva Datta
initiated Sri Yadunandana Acarya, the spiritual master of Raghunatha
dasa, who later became Raghunatha dasa Gosvami. This will be found in
the Antya-lila, Sixth Chapter, verse 161. Vasudeva
Datta spent money very liberally; therefore Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
asked Sivananda Sen to become his sarakhela, or secretary, in order to
control his extravagant expenses. Vasudeva Datta was so kind to the
living entities that he wanted to take all their sinful reactions so
that they might be delivered by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This is
described in the Fifteenth Chapter of Adi-
lila, verses 159 through 180.
There
is a railway station named Purvasthali near the Navadvipa railway
station, and about one mile away, in a village known as Mamagachi, which
is the birthplace of Vrndavana dasa Thakura, there is presently a temple
of Madana-gopala that was established by Vasudeva Datta. The Gaudiya
Matha devotees have now taken charge of this temple, and the seva-puja
is going on very nicely. Every year all the pilgrims on the navadvipa-
parikrama visit Mamagachi. Since Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
inaugurated the navadvipa-parikrama function, the temple has been very
well managed.
Adi 10.42
TEXT 42
TEXT
jagate yateka jiva, tara papa lana
naraka bhunjite cahe jiva chadaiya
SYNONYMS
jagate -- in the world; yateka -- all; jiva -- living entities; tara --
their; papa -- sinful activities; lana -- taking; naraka -- hell;
bhunjite -- to suffer; cahe -- wanted; jiva -- the living entities;
chadaiya -- liberating them.
TRANSLATION
Srila Vasudeva Datta Thakura wanted to suffer for the sinful activities
of all the people of the world so that Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu might
deliver them.
Adi 10.43
TEXT 43
TEXT
haridasa-thakura sakhara adbhuta carita
tina laksa nama tenho layena apatita
SYNONYMS
haridasa-thakura -- of the name Haridasa Thakura; sakhara -- of the
branch; adbhuta -- wonderful; carita -- characteristics; tina -- three;
laksa -- hundred thousand; nama -- names; tenho -- he; layena -- chanted;
apatita -- without fail.
TRANSLATION
The twentieth branch of the Caitanya tree was Haridasa Thakura. His
character was wonderful. He used to chant the holy name of Krsna 300,000
times a day without fail.
PURPORT
Certainly the chanting of 300,000 holy names of the Lord is wonderful.
No ordinary person can chant so many names, nor should one artificially
imitate Haridasa Thakura's behavior. It is essential, however, that
everyone fulfill a specific vow to chant the Hare Krsna mantra.
Therefore we have prescribed in our society that all our students must
chant at least sixteen rounds daily. Such chanting must be offenseless
in order to be of high quality. Mechanical chanting is not as powerful
as chanting of the holy name without offenses. It is stated in the
Caitanya-bhagavata, Adi-lila, Chapter Two, that Haridasa Thakura was
born in a village known as Budhana but after some time came to live on
the bank of the Ganges at Fulia near Santipura. From the description
of his chastisement by a Muslim magistrate, which is found in the
Eleventh Chapter of the Adi-lila of Caitanya-bhagavata, we can
understand how humble and meek Haridasa Thakura was and how he achieved
the causeless mercy of the Lord. In the dramas performed by Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Haridasa Thakura played the part of a police chief.
While chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra in Benapola, he was personally
tested by Mayadevi herself. Haridasa Thakura's passing away is described
in the Antya-lila of Caitanya-caritamrta, Eleventh Chapter. It is not
definitely certain whether Sri Haridasa Thakura appeared in the village
named Budhana that is in the district of Khulana. Formerly this village
was within a district of twenty-four parganas within the Sataksira
division.
Adi 10.44
TEXT 44
TEXT
tanhara ananta guna -- kahi dinmatra
acarya gosani yanre bhunjaya sraddha-patra
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- Haridasa Thakura's; ananta -- unlimited; guna -- qualities;
kahi -- I speak; din-matra -- only a small part; acarya gosani -- Sri
Advaita Acarya Prabhu; yanre -- to whom; bhunjaya -- offered to eat;
sraddha-patra -- prasada offered to Lord Visnu.
TRANSLATION
There was no end to the transcendental qualities of Haridasa Thakura.
Here I mention but a fraction of his qualities. He was so exalted that
Advaita Gosvami, when performing the sraddha ceremony of his father,
offered him the first plate.
Adi 10.45
TEXT 45
TEXT
prahlada-samana tanra gunera taranga
yavana-tadaneo yanra nahika bhru-bhanga
SYNONYMS
prahlada-samana -- exactly like Prahlada Maharaja; tanra -- his; gunera -
- qualities; taranga -- waves; yavana -- of the Muslims; tadaneo -- even
by the persecution; yanra -- whose; nahika -- there was none; bhru-
bhanga -- even the slightest agitation of an eyebrow.
TRANSLATION
The waves of his good qualities were like those of Prahlada Maharaja. He
did not even slightly raise an eyebrow when persecuted by the Mohammedan
ruler.
Adi 10.46
TEXT 46
TEXT
tenho siddhi paile tanra deha lana kole
nacila caitanya-prabhu maha-kutuhale
SYNONYMS
tenho -- he; siddhi -- perfection; paile -- after achieving; tanra --
his; deha -- body; lana -- taking; kole -- on the lap; nacila -- danced;
caitanya-prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; maha-kutuhale -- in
great ecstasy.
TRANSLATION
After the passing away of Haridasa Thakura, the Lord Himself took his
body on His lap, and He danced with it in great ecstasy.
Adi 10.47
TEXT 47
TEXT
tanra lila varniyachena vrndavana-dasa
yeba avasista, age kariba prakasa
SYNONYMS
tanra -- his; lila -- pastimes; varniyachena -- described; vrndavana-
dasa -- Srila Vrndavana dasa Thakura; yeba -- whatever; avasista --
remained undescribed; age -- later in the book; kariba -- I shall make;
prakasa -- manifest.
TRANSLATION
Srila Vrndavana dasa Thakura vividly described the pastimes of
Haridasa Thakura in his Caitanya-bhagavata. Whatever has remained
undescribed I shall try to explain later in this book.
Adi 10.48
TEXT 48
TEXT
tanra upasakha -- yata kulina-grami jana
satyaraja-adi -- tanra krpara bhajana
SYNONYMS
tanra upasakha -- his sub-branch; yata -- all; kulina-grami jana --
the inhabitants of Kulina-grama; satyaraja -- of the name Satyaraja;
adi -- heading the list; tanra -- his; krpara -- of mercy; bhajana --
recipient.
TRANSLATION
One sub-branch of Haridasa Thakura consisted of the residents of
Kulina-grama. The most important among them was Satyaraja Khana, or
Satyaraja Vasu, who was a recipient of all the mercy of Haridasa Thakura.
PURPORT
Satyaraja Khana was the son of Gunaraja Khana and father of Ramananda
Vasu. Haridasa Thakura lived for some time during the Caturmasya period
in the village named Kulina-grama, where he chanted the holy name, the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra, and distributed his mercy to the descendants of
the Vasu family. Satyaraja Khana was allotted the service of supplying
silk ropes for the Jagannatha Deity during the Rathayatra festival.
The answers to his inquiries from Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu about the duty of householder devotees are vividly described
in the Madhya-lila, Chapters Fifteen and Sixteen. The village of Kulina-
grama is situated two miles from the railway station named Jaugrama on
the Newcord line from Howrah to Burdwan. Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu very
highly praised the people of Kulina-grama, and He stated that even a dog
of Kulina-grama was very dear to Him.
Adi 10.49
TEXT 49
TEXT
sri-murari gupta sakha -- premera bhandara
prabhura hrdaya drave suni' dainya yanra
SYNONYMS
sri-murari gupta -- of the name Sri Murari Gupta; sakha -- branch;
premera -- of love of Godhead; bhandara -- store; prabhura -- of the
Lord; hrdaya -- the heart; drave -- melts; suni' -- hearing; dainya --
humility; yanra -- of whom.
TRANSLATION
Murari Gupta, the twenty-first branch of the tree of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, was a storehouse of love of Godhead. His great humility and
meekness melted the heart of Lord Caitanya.
PURPORT
Sri Murari Gupta wrote a book called Sri Caitanya-carita. He belonged to
a vaidya physician family of Srihatta, the paternal home of Lord
Caitanya, and later became a resident of Navadvipa. He was among the
elders of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Lord Caitanya exhibited His Varaha
form in the house of Murari Gupta, as described in the Caitanya-
bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Third Chapter. When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
exhibited His mahaprakasa form, He appeared before Murari Gupta
as Lord Ramacandra. When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu
were sitting together in the house of Srivasa Thakura, Murari Gupta
first offered his respects to Lord Caitanya and then to Sri Nityananda
Prabhu. Nityananda Prabhu, however, was older than Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
and therefore Lord Caitanya remarked that Murari Gupta had violated
social etiquette, for he should have first shown respect to Nityananda
Prabhu and then to Him. In this way, by the grace of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, Murari Gupta was informed about the position of Sri
Nityananda Prabhu, and the next day he offered obeisances first to Lord
Nityananda and then to Lord Caitanya. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave
chewed pan or betel nut to Murari Gupta. Once Murari Gupta offered
foodstuffs to Lord Caitanya that were cooked with excessive ghee,
and the next day the Lord became sick and went to Murari Gupta for
treatment. Lord Caitanya accepted some water from the water pot of
Murari Gupta, and thus He was cured. The natural remedy for indigestion
is to drink a little water, and since Murari Gupta was a physician, he
gave the Lord some drinking water and cured Him. When Caitanya
Mahaprabhu appeared in the house of Srivasa Thakura in His Caturbhuja
murti, Murari Gupta became His carrier in the form of Garuda, and in
these pastimes of ecstasy the Lord then got up on his back. It was the
desire of Murari Gupta to leave his body before the disappearance of
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but the Lord forbade him to do so. This is
described in Caitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Twenty. When Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu one day appeared in ecstasy as the Varaha murti,
Murari Gupta offered Him prayers. He was a great devotee of Lord
Ramacandra, and his staunch devotion is vividly described in the Madhya-
lila, Fifteenth Chapter, verses 137 through 157.
Adi 10.50
TEXT 50
TEXT
pratigraha nahi kare, na laya kara dhana
atma-vrtti kari' kare kutumba bharana
SYNONYMS
pratigraha nahi kare -- he did not accept charity from anyone; na -- not;
laya -- take; kara -- anyone's; dhana -- wealth; atma-vrtti -- own
profession; kari' -- executing; kare -- maintained; kutumba -- family;
bharana -- provision.
TRANSLATION
Srila Murari Gupta never accepted charity from friends, nor did he
accept money from anyone. He practiced as a physician and maintained his
family with his earnings.
PURPORT
It should be noted that a grhastha (householder) must not make his
livelihood by begging from anyone. Every householder of the higher
castes should engage himself in his own occupational duty as a brahmana,
ksatriya or vaisya, but he should not engage in the service of others,
for this is the duty of a sudra. One should simply accept whatever he
earns by his own profession. The engagements of a brahmana are yajana,
yajana, pathana, pathana, dana and pratigraha. A brahmana should be a
worshiper of Visnu, and he should also instruct others how to worship
Him. A ksatriya can become a landholder and earn his livelihood by
levying taxes or collecting rent from tenants. A vaisya can accept
agriculture or general trade as an occupational duty. Since Murari Gupta
was born in a physician's family (vaidya-vamsa), he practiced as a
physician, and with whatever income he earned he maintained his family.
As stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam, everyone should execute his occupational
duty, and thus he should satisfy the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. That is the perfection of life. This
system is called daivi-varnasrama. Murari Gupta was an ideal grhastha,
for he was a great devotee of Lord Ramacandra and Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
By practicing as a physician he maintained his family and at the same
time satisfied Lord Caitanya to the best of his ability. This is the
ideal of householder life.
Adi 10.51
TEXT 51
TEXT
cikitsa karena yare ha-iya sadaya
deha-roga bhava-roga, -- dui tara ksaya
SYNONYMS
cikitsa -- medical treatment; karena -- did; yare -- upon whom; ha-iya --
becoming; sadaya -- merciful; deha-roga -- the disease of the body;
bhava-roga -- the disease of material existence; dui -- both; tara --
his; ksaya -- diminished.
TRANSLATION
As Murari Gupta treated his patients, by his mercy both their bodily and
spiritual diseases subsided.
PURPORT
Murari Gupta could treat both bodily and spiritual disease because he
was a physician by profession and a great devotee of the Lord in terms
of spiritual advancement. This is an example of service to humanity.
Everyone should know that there are two kinds of diseases in human
society. One disease, which is called adhyatmika, or material disease,
pertains to the body, but the main disease is spiritual. The living
entity is eternal, but somehow or other, when in contact with the
material energy, he is subjected to the repetition of birth, death, old
age and disease. The physicians of the modern day should learn from
Murari Gupta. Although modern philanthropic physicians open gigantic
hospitals, there are no hospitals to cure the material disease of the
spirit soul. The Krsna consciousness movement has taken up the mission
of curing this disease, but people are not very appreciative because
they do not know what this disease is. A diseased person needs both
proper medicine and a proper diet, and therefore the Krsna consciousness
movement supplies materially stricken people with the medicine of the
chanting of the holy name, or the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, and the diet
of prasada. There are many hospitals and medical clinics to cure bodily
diseases, but there are no such hospitals to cure the material disease
of the spirit soul. The centers of the Krsna consciousness movement are
the only established hospitals that can cure man of birth, death, old
age and disease.
Adi 10.52
TEXT 52
TEXT
sriman sena prabhura sevaka pradhana
caitanya-carana vinu nahi jane ana
SYNONYMS
sriman sena -- of the name Sriman Sena; prabhura -- of the Lord; sevaka -
- servant; pradhana -- chief; caitanya-carana -- the lotus feet of Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; vinu -- except; nahi -- does not; jane -- know; ana
-- anything else.
TRANSLATION
Sriman Sena, the twenty-second branch of the Caitanya tree, was a very
faithful servant of Lord Caitanya. He knew nothing else but the lotus
feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
Sriman Sena was one of the inhabitants of Navadvipa and was a constant
companion of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.53
TEXT 53
TEXT
sri-gadadhara dasa sakha sarvopari
kaji-ganera mukhe yenha bolaila hari
SYNONYMS
sri-gadadhara dasa -- of the name Sri Gadadhara dasa; sakha -- another
branch; sarva-upari -- above all; kaji-ganera -- of the Kazis (
Mohammedan magistrates); mukhe -- in the mouth; yenha -- one who;
bolaila -- caused to speak; hari -- the holy name of Hari.
TRANSLATION
Sri Gadadhara dasa, the twenty-third branch, was understood to be the
topmost, for he induced all the Mohammedan Kazis to chant the holy name
of Lord Hari.
PURPORT
About eight or ten miles from Calcutta on the banks of the Ganges is a
village known as Endiyadaha-grama. Srila Gadadhara dasa was known as an
inhabitant of this village (endiyadaha-vasi gadadhara dasa). The Bhakti-
ratnakara, Seventh Chapter, informs us that after the disappearance of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Gadadhara dasa came from Navadvipa to Katwa.
Thereafter he came to Endiyadaha and resided there. He is stated to be
the luster of the body of Srimati Radharani, just as Srila Gadadhara
Pandita Gosvami is an incarnation of Srimati Radharani Herself. Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is sometimes explained to be radhabhava-dyuti-savalita,
or characterized by the emotions and bodily luster of Srimati Radharani.
Gadadhara dasa is this dyuti, or luster. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika
he is described to be the expansion potency of Srimati
Radharani. He counts among the associates of both Srila Gaurahari and
Nityananda Prabhu; as a devotee of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu he was one of
the associates of Lord Krsna in conjugal love, and as a devotee of Lord
Nityananda he is considered to have been one of the friends of Krsna in
pure devotional service. Even though he was an associate of Lord
Nityananda Prabhu, he was not among the cowherd boys but was situated in
the transcendental mellow of conjugal love. He established a temple of
Sri Gaurasundara in Katwa.
In 1434 sakabda (1534 A.D.) when Lord Nityananda Prabhu was
empowered by Lord Caitanya to preach the sankirtana movement in Bengal,
Sri Gadadhara dasa was one of Lord Nityananda's chief assistants. He
preached the sankirtana movement by requesting everyone to chant the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra. This simple preaching method of Srila Gadadhara
dasa can be followed by anyone and everyone in any position of society.
One must simply be a sincere and serious servant of Nityananda Prabhu
and preach this cult door to door.
When Srila Gadadhara dasa Prabhu was preaching the cult of hari-kirtana,
there was a magistrate who was very much against his sankirtana movement.
Following in the footsteps of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Srila Gadadhara
dasa one night went to the house of the Kazi and requested him to chant
the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. The Kazi replied, "All right, I shall chant
Hare Krsna tomorrow." On hearing this, Srila Gadadhara dasa Prabhu began
to dance, and he said, "Why tomorrow? You have already chanted the Hare
Krsna mantra, so simply continue."
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika it is said:
radha-vibhuti-rupa ya candrakantih pura vraje
sa sri-gauranga-nikate dasa-vamsyo gadadharah
purnananda vraje yasid baladeva-priyagrani
sapi karya-vasad eva pravisat tam gadadharam
Srila Gadadhara dasa is considered to be a united form of Candrakanti,
who is the effulgence of Srimati Radharani, and Purnananda, who is an
expansion of Lord Balarama's very dear girl friend. Thus Srila
Gadadhara dasa Prabhu was one of the associates of both Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu. Once while Srila Gadadhara dasa Prabhu
was returning to Bengal from Jagannatha Puri with Nityananda Prabhu, he
forgot himself and began talking very loudly as if he were a girl of
Vrajabhumi selling yogurt, and Srila Nityananda Prabhu noted this.
Another time, while absorbed in the ecstasy of the gopis, he carried a
jug filled with Ganges water on his head as if he were selling milk.
When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared in the house of Raghava Pandita
while going to Vrndavana, Gadadhara dasa went to see Him, and Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was so glad that He put His foot on his head. When
Gadadhara dasa Prabhu was present in Endiyadaha he established a
Balagopala murti for worship there. Sri Madhava Ghosh performed a drama
known as "Dana-khanda" with the help of Sri Nityananda Prabhu and Sri
Gadadhara dasa. This is explained in Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda,
Fifth Chapter.
The tomb of Gadadhara dasa Prabhu, which is in the village of Endiyadaha,
was under the control of the Samyogi Vaisnavas and later under the
direction of Siddha Bhagavan dasa Babaji of Kalna. By his order, Sri
Madhusudana Mullik, one of the members of the aristocratic Mullik family
of the Narikeladanga in Calcutta, established a patavati (monastery)
there in the Bengali year 1256. He also arranged for the
worship of a Deity named Sri Radhakanta. His son Balaicanda Mullik,
established Gaura-Nitai Deities there in the Bengali year 1312
. Thus on the throne of the temple are both Gaura-Nityananda
Deities and Radha-Krsna Deities. Below the throne is a tablet with an
inscription written in Sanskrit. In that temple there is also a small
Deity of Lord Siva as Gopesvara. This is all described on a stone by the
side of the entrance door.
Adi 10.54
TEXT 54
TEXT
sivananda sena -- prabhura bhrtya antaranga
prabhu-sthane yaite sabe layena yanra sanga
SYNONYMS
sivananda sena -- of the name Sivananda Sena; prabhura -- of the Lord;
bhrtya -- servant; antaranga -- very confidential; prabhu-sthane -- in
Jagannatha Puri, where the Lord was staying; yaite -- while going; sabe -
- all; layena -- took; yanra -- whose; sanga -- shelter.
TRANSLATION
Sivananda Sena, the twenty-fourth branch of the tree, was an extremely
confidential servant of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Everyone who went to
Jagannatha Puri to visit Lord Caitanya took shelter and guidance from
Sri Sivananda Sena.
Adi 10.55
TEXT 55
TEXT
prativarse prabhugana sangete la-iya
nilacale calena pathe palana kariya
SYNONYMS
prativarse -- every year; prabhu-gana -- the devotees of Lord
Caitanya; sangete -- along with; la-iya -- taking; nilacale -- to
Jagannatha Puri; calena -- goes; pathe -- on the road; palana --
maintenance; kariya -- providing.
TRANSLATION
Every year he took a party of devotees from Bengal to Jagannatha Puri to
visit Lord Caitanya. He maintained the entire party as they journeyed on
the road.
Adi 10.56
TEXT 56
TEXT
bhakte krpa karena prabhu e-tina svarupe
'saksat,' 'avesa' ara 'avirbhava' -- rupe
SYNONYMS
bhakte -- unto devotees; krpa -- mercy; karena -- bestows; prabhu --
Lord Caitanya; e -- these; tina -- three; svarupe -- features; saksat --
directly; avesa -- empowered by the Lord; ara -- and; avirbhava --
appearance; rupe -- in the features.
TRANSLATION
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu bestows His causeless mercy upon His
devotees in three features: His own direct appearance [saksat], His
prowess within someone He empowers [avesa], and His manifestation [
avirbhava].
PURPORT
The saksat feature of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is His personal presence.
Avesa refers to invested power, like that invested in Nakula Brahmacari.
Avirbhava is a manifestation of the Lord that appears even though He is
personally not present. For example, Sri Sacimata offered foodstuffs at
home to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu although He was far away in Jagannatha
Puri, and when she opened her eyes after offering the foodstuffs she
saw that they had actually been eaten by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Similarly, Srivasa Thakura performed sankirtana, and everyone felt
the presence of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu even in His absence. This is
another example of avirbhava.
Adi 10.57
TEXT 57
TEXT
'saksate' sakala bhakta dekhe nirvisesa
nakula brahmacari-dehe prabhura 'avesa'
SYNONYMS
saksate -- directly; sakala -- all; bhakta -- devotees; dekhe -- see;
nirvisesa -- nothing peculiar but as He is; nakula brahmacari -- of the
name Nakula Brahmacari; dehe -- in the body; prabhura -- the Lord's;
avesa -- symptoms of power.
TRANSLATION
The appearance of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in every devotee's
presence is called saksat. His appearance in Nakula Brahmacari as a
symptom of special prowess is an example of avesa.
Adi 10.58
TEXT 58
TEXT
'pradyumna brahmacari' tanra age nama chila
'nrsimhananda' nama prabhu pache ta' rakhila
SYNONYMS
pradyumna brahmacari -- of the name Pradyumna Brahmacari; tanra -- his;
age -- previously; nama -- name; chila -- was; nrsimhananda -- of the
name Nrsimhananda; nama -- the name; prabhu -- the Lord; pache --
afterward; ta' -- certainly; rakhila -- kept it.
TRANSLATION
The former Pradyumna Brahmacari was given the name Nrsimhananda
Brahmacari by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.59
TEXT 59
TEXT
tanhate ha-ila caitanyera 'avirbhava'
alaukika aiche prabhura aneka svabhava
SYNONYMS
tanhate -- in him; ha-ila -- there was; caitanyera -- of Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; avirbhava -- appearance; alaukika -- uncommon;
aiche -- like that; prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; aneka --
various; svabhava -- features.
TRANSLATION
In his body there were symptoms of avirbhava. Such appearances are
uncommon, but Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu displayed many such pastimes
through His different features.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (74) it is said that Nakula Brahmacari
displayed the prowess (avesa) and Pradyumna Brahmacari the appearance (
avirbhava) of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. There are many hundreds and
thousands of devotees of Lord Caitanya among whom there are no special
symptoms, but when a devotee of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu functions
with specific prowess, he displays the feature called avesa. Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally spread the sankirtana movement, and He
advised all the inhabitants of Bharata-varsa to take up His cult
and preach it all over the world. The visible bodily symptoms of
devotees who follow such instructions are called avesa. Srila Sivananda
Sena observed such avesa symptoms in Nakula Brahmacari, who displayed
symptoms exactly like those of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. The Caitanya-
caritamrta states that in this age of Kali the only spiritual function
is to broadcast the holy name of the Lord, but this function can be
performed only by one who is actually empowered by Lord Krsna. The
process by which a devotee is thus empowered is called avesa, or
sometimes it is called saktyavesa.
Pradyumna Brahmacari was formerly a resident of a village known as
Piyariganja in Kalna. There is a description of him in the Antya-lila of
Caitanya-caritamrta, Second Chapter, and in the Antya-lila of
Caitanya-bhagavata, Chapters Three and Nine.
Adi 10.60
TEXT 60
TEXT
asvadila e saba rasa sena sivananda
vistari' kahiba age esaba ananda
SYNONYMS
asvadila -- tasted; e -- these; saba -- all; rasa -- mellows; sena
sivananda -- Sivananda Sena; vistari' -- describing vividly; kahiba -- I
shall speak; age -- later on; esaba -- all this; ananda --
transcendental bliss.
TRANSLATION
Srila Sivananda Sena experienced the three features saksat, avesa and
avirbhava. Later I shall vividly describe this transcendentally blissful
subject.
PURPORT
Srila Sivananda Sena has been described by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Maharaja as follows. He was a resident of
Kumarahatta, which is also known as Halisahara, and was a great devotee
of the Lord. About one and a half miles from Kumarahatta is another
village, known as Kancadapada, in which there are Gaura-Gopala Deities
installed by Sivananda Sena, who also established a temple of Krsnaraya
that is still existing. Sivananda Sena was the father of Paramananda
Sena, who was also known as Puridasa or Karnapura.
Paramananda Sena wrote in his Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (176) that two of
the gopis of Vrndavana, whose former names were Vira and Duti, combined
to become his father. Srila Sivananda Sena guided all the devotees of
Lord Caitanya who went from Bengal to Jagannatha Puri, and he personally
bore all the expenses for their journey. This is described in the
Madhya-lila, Chapter Sixteen, verses 19 through 26.
Srila Sivananda Sena had three sons, named Caitanya dasa, Ramadasa and
Paramananda. This last son later became
Kavikarnapura, and he is the author of Gaura-ganoddesa-
dipika. His spiritual master was Srinatha Pandita, who was Sivananda
Sena's priest. Due to Vasudeva Datta's lavish spending, Sivananda Sena
was engaged to supervise his expenditures.
Sri Sivananda Sena actually experienced Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's
features of saksat, avesa and avirbhava. He once picked up a dog
while on his way to Jagannatha Puri, and it is described in the Antya-
lila, First Chapter, that this dog later attained salvation by his
association. When Srila Raghunatha dasa, who later became Raghunatha
dasa Gosvami, fled his paternal home to join Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
his father wrote a letter to Sivananda Sena to get information about him.
Sivananda Sena supplied him the details for which he asked, and later
Raghunatha dasa Gosvami's father sent some servants and money to
Sivananda Sena to take care of Raghunatha dasa Gosvami. Once Sri
Sivananda Sena invited Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu to his home and fed Him
so sumptuously that the Lord felt indigestion and was somewhat sick.
This became known to his son, who
gave the Lord some medicine for His digestion, and
thus Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased. This is described in the
Antya-lila, Tenth Chapter, verses 124 through 151.
Once while going to Jagannatha Puri all the devotees had to stay
underneath a tree, without the shelter of a house or even a shed, and
Nityananda Prabhu became very angry, as if He were greatly disturbed by
hunger. Thus He cursed Sivananda's sons to die. Sivananda's wife was
very much aggrieved at this, and she began to cry. She very seriously
thought that since her sons had been cursed by Nityananda Prabhu,
certainly they would die. When Sivananda later returned and saw his wife
crying, he said, "Why are you crying? Let us all die if Sri Nityananda
Prabhu desires." When Sivananda Sena returned and Srila Nityananda
Prabhu saw him, the Lord kicked him severely, complaining that He was
very hungry, and asked why he did not arrange for His food. Such is the
behavior of the Lord with His devotees. Srila Nityananda Prabhu behaved
like an ordinary hungry man, as if completely dependent on the
arrangements of Sivananda Sena.
There was a nephew of Sivananda Sena's named Srikanta who left the
company in protest of Nityananda Prabhu's curse and went directly to Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri, where the Lord pacified him. On
that occasion, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu allowed His toe to be sucked by
Puridasa, who was then a child. It is by the order of Caitanya
Mahaprabhu that he could immediately compose Sanskrit verses. During the
misunderstanding with Sivananda's family, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
ordered His personal attendant Govinda to give them all the remnants
of His foodstuffs. This is described in the Antya-khanda, Chapter Twelve,
verse 53.
Adi 10.61
TEXT 61
TEXT
sivanandera upasakha, tanra parikara
putra-bhrtya-adi kari' caitanya-kinkara
SYNONYMS
sivanandera -- of Sivananda Sena; upasakha -- sub-branch; tanra --
his; parikara -- associates; putra -- sons; bhrtya -- servants; adi --
all these; kari' -- taking together; caitanya-kinkara -- servants of
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
The sons, servants and family members of Sivananda Sena constituted a
sub-branch. They were all sincere servants of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.62
TEXT 62
TEXT
caitanya-dasa, ramadasa, ara karnapura
tina putra sivanandera prabhura bhakta-sura
SYNONYMS
caitanya-dasa -- of the name Caitanya dasa; ramadasa -- of the name
Ramadasa; ara -- and; karnapura -- of the name Karnapura; tina putra --
three sons; sivanandera -- of Sivananda Sena; prabhura -- of the Lord;
bhakta-sura -- of the heroic devotees.
TRANSLATION
The three sons of Sivananda Sena, named Caitanya dasa, Ramadasa and
Karnapura, were all heroic devotees of Lord Caitanya.
PURPORT
Caitanya dasa, the eldest son of Sivananda Sena, wrote a commentary on
Krsna-karnamrta which was later translated by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura
in his paper Sajjana-tosani. According to expert opinion, Caitanya dasa
was the author of the book Caitanya-carita
, which was written in Sanskrit. The author was not
Kavikarnapura, as generally supposed. This is the opinion
of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura. Sri Ramadasa was the second
son of Sivananda Sena. It is stated in the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (145)
that two experienced servants of Lord Krsna named Suka and
Daksa in krsna-lila became the elder brothers of
Kavikarnapura, namely, Caitanya dasa and Ramadasa. Karnapura,
the third son, who was also known as Paramananda dasa or Puridasa,
was initiated by Srinatha Pandita, who was a disciple of Sri Advaita
Prabhu. Karnapura wrote many books that are important in Vaisnava
literature, such as Ananda-vrndavana-campu, Alankara-kaustubha,
Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika and the great epic Caitanya-candrodaya-nataka. He
was born in the year sakabda 1448. He continually
wrote books for ten years, from 1488 until 1498.
Adi 10.63
TEXT 63
TEXT
sri-vallabhasena, ara sena srikanta
sivananda-sambandhe prabhura bhakta ekanta
SYNONYMS
sri-vallabha-sena -- of the name Srivallabha Sena; ara -- and; sena
srikanta -- of the name Srikanta Sena; sivananda -- Sivananda Sena;
sambandhe -- in relationship; prabhura -- the Lord's; bhakta -- devotees;
ekanta -- unflinching.
TRANSLATION
Srivallabha Sena and Srikanta Sena were also sub-branches of
Sivananda Sena, for they were not only his nephews but also unalloyed
devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
When Lord Nityananda Prabhu rebuked Sivananda Sena on the way to Puri,
these two nephews of Sivananda left the company as a protest and went to
see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri. The Lord could
understand the feelings of the boys, and He asked His personal
assistant Govinda to supply them prasada until the party of Sivananda
arrived. During the Rathayatra sankirtana festival these two
brothers were members of the party led by Mukunda. In the Gaura-
ganoddesa-dipika it is said that the gopi whose name was Katyayani
appeared as Srikanta Sena.
Adi 10.64
TEXT 64
TEXT
prabhu-priya govindananda mahabhagavata
prabhura kirtaniya adi sri-govinda datta
SYNONYMS
prabhu-priya -- the most dear to the Lord; govindananda -- of the name
Govindananda; maha-bhagavata -- great devotee; prabhura -- of the Lord;
kirtaniya -- performer of kirtana; adi -- originally; sri-govinda datta -
- of the name of Sri Govinda Datta.
TRANSLATION
Govindananda and Govinda Datta, the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth
branches of the tree, were performers of kirtana in the company of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Govinda Datta was the principal singer in Lord
Caitanya's kirtana party.
PURPORT
Govinda Datta appeared in the village of Sukhacara near Khadadaha.
Adi 10.65
TEXT 65
TEXT
sri-vijaya-dasa-nama prabhura akhariya
prabhure aneka punthi diyache likhiya
SYNONYMS
sri-vijaya-dasa -- of the name Sri Vijaya dasa; nama -- name; prabhura --
of the Lord; akhariya -- chief singer; prabhure -- unto the Lord; aneka
-- many; punthi -- literatures; diyache -- has given; likhiya -- by
writing.
TRANSLATION
Sri Vijaya dasa, the twenty-seventh branch, another of the Lord's chief
singers, gave the Lord many books written by hand.
PURPORT
Formerly there were no printing presses nor printed books. All books
were handwritten. Precious books were kept in manuscript form in temples
or important places, and anyone who was interested in a book had
to copy it by hand. Vijaya dasa was a professional writer who copied
many manuscripts and gave them to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.66
TEXT 66
TEXT
'ratnabahu' bali' prabhu thuila tanra nama
akincana prabhura priya krsnadasa-nama
SYNONYMS
ratnabahu -- the title Ratnabahu; bali' -- calling him; prabhu -- the
Lord; thuila -- kept; tanra -- his; nama -- name; akincana -- unalloyed;
prabhura -- of the Lord; priya -- dear; krsnadasa -- of the name
Krsnadasa; nama -- name.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave Vijaya dasa the name Ratnabahu ["jewel-
handed"] because he copied for Him many manuscripts. The twenty-
eighth branch was Krsnadasa, who was very dear to the Lord. He was known
as Akincana Krsnadasa.
PURPORT
Akincana means "one who possesses nothing in this world."
Adi 10.67
TEXT 67
TEXT
khola-veca sridhara prabhura priyadasa
yanha-sane prabhu kare nitya parihasa
SYNONYMS
khola-veca -- a person who sells the bark of banana trees; sridhara --
Sridhara Prabhu; prabhura -- of the Lord; priya-dasa -- very dear
servant; yanha-sane -- with whom; prabhu -- the Lord; kare -- does;
nitya -- daily; parihasa -- joking.
TRANSLATION
The twenty-ninth branch was Sridhara, a trader in banana tree bark. He
was a very dear servant of the Lord. On many occasions, the Lord played
jokes on him.
PURPORT
Sridhara was a poor brahmana who made a living by selling banana tree
bark to be made into cups. Most probably he had a banana tree garden and
collected the leaves, skin and pulp of the banana trees to sell daily in
the market. He spent fifty percent of his income to worship the Ganges,
and the balance he used for his subsistence. When Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu started His civil disobedience movement in defiance of the
Kazi, Sridhara danced in jublilation. The Lord used to drink water from
his water jug. Sridhara presented a squash to Sacidevi to cook before
Lord Caitanya took sannyasa. Every year he went to see Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri. According to Kavikarnapura,
Sridhara was a cowherd boy of Vrndavana whose name was Kusumasava. In
his Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 133, it is stated:
kholavecataya khyatah panditah sridharo dvijah
asid vraje hasya-karo yo namna kusumasavah
"The cowherd boy known as Kusumasava in krsna-lila later became
Kholaveca Sridhara during Caitanya Mahaprabhu's lila at Navadvipa."
Adi 10.68
TEXT 68
TEXT
prabhu yanra nitya laya thoda-moca-phala
yanra phuta-lauhapatre prabhu pila jala
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- the Lord; yanra -- whose; nitya -- daily; laya -- takes; thoda
-- the pulp of the banana tree; moca -- the flowers of the banana tree;
phala -- the fruits of the banana tree; yanra -- whose; phuta -- broken;
lauha-patre -- in the iron pot; prabhu -- the Lord; pila -- drank; jala -
- water.
TRANSLATION
Every day Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu jokingly snatched fruits, flowers and
pulp from Sridhara and drank from his broken iron pot.
Adi 10.69
TEXT 69
TEXT
prabhura atipriya dasa bhagavan pandita
yanra dehe krsna purve haila adhisthita
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of the Lord; atipriya -- very dear; dasa -- servant;
bhagavan pandita -- of the name Bhagavan Pandita; yanra -- whose; dehe --
in the body; krsna -- Lord Krsna; purve -- previously; haila -- became;
adhisthita -- established.
TRANSLATION
The thirtieth branch was Bhagavan Pandita. He was an extremely dear
servant of the Lord, but even previously he was a great devotee of Lord
Krsna who always kept the Lord within his heart.
Adi 10.70
TEXT 70
TEXT
jagadisa pandita, ara hiranya mahasaya
yare krpa kaila balye prabhu dayamaya
SYNONYMS
jagadisa pandita -- of the name Jagadisa Pandita; ara -- and; hiranya --
of the name Hiranya; mahasaya -- great personality; yare -- unto whom;
krpa -- mercy; kaila -- showed; balye -- in childhood; prabhu -- the
Lord; dayamaya -- merciful.
TRANSLATION
The thirty-first branch was Jagadisa Pandita, and the thirty-second was
Hiranya Mahasaya, unto whom Lord Caitanya in His childhood showed His
causeless mercy.
PURPORT
Jagadisa Pandita was formerly a great dancer in krsna-lila and was known
as Candrahasa. Regarding Hiranya Pandita, it is said that once Lord
Nityananda, decorated with valuable jewels, stayed at his home,
and a great thief attempted all night long to plunder these
jewels but was unsuccessful. Later he came to Nityananda Prabhu and
surrendered unto Him.
Adi 10.71
TEXT 71
TEXT
ei dui-ghare prabhu ekadasi dine
visnura naivedya magi' khaila apane
SYNONYMS
ei dui-ghare -- in these two houses; prabhu -- the Lord; ekadasi dine --
on the Ekadasi day; visnura -- of Lord Visnu; naivedya -- foodstuffs
offered to Lord Visnu; magi' -- begging; khaila -- ate; apane --
personally.
TRANSLATION
In their two houses Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu begged foodstuffs on the
Ekadasi day and ate them personally.
PURPORT
The injunction to fast on Ekadasi is especially meant for devotees; on
Ekadasi there are no restrictions regarding foodstuffs that may be
offered to the Lord. Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took the foodstuffs of
Lord Visnu in His ecstasy as visnu-tattva.
Adi 10.72
TEXT 72
TEXT
prabhura paduya dui, -- purusottama, sanjaya
vyakarane dui sisya -- dui mahasaya
SYNONYMS
prabhura paduya dui -- the Lord's two students; purusottama -- of the
name Purusottama; sanjaya -- of the name Sanjaya; vyakarane -- studying
grammar; dui sisya -- two disciples; dui mahasaya -- very great
personalities.
TRANSLATION
The thirty-third and thirty-fourth branches were the two students of
Caitanya Mahaprabhu named Purusottama and Sanjaya, who were stalwart
students in grammar. They were very great personalities.
PURPORT
These two students were inhabitants of Navadvipa and were the Lord's
first companions in the sankirtana movement. According to Caitanya-
bhagavata, Purusottama Sanjaya was the son of Mukunda Sanjaya, but the
author of Sri Caitanya-caritamrta has clarified that Purusottama and
Sanjaya were two people, not one.
Adi 10.73
TEXT 73
TEXT
vanamali pandita sakha vikhyata jagate
sonara musala hala dekhila prabhura hate
SYNONYMS
vanamali pandita -- of the name Vanamali Pandita; sakha -- the next
branch; vikhyata -- celebrated; jagate -- in the world; sonara -- made
of gold; musala -- club; hala -- plow; dekhila -- saw; prabhura -- of
the Lord; hate -- in the hand.
TRANSLATION
Vanamali Pandita, the thirty-fifth branch of the tree, was very
celebrated in this world. He saw in the hands of
the Lord a golden club and plow.
PURPORT
Vanamali Pandita saw Lord Caitanya in the ecstasy of Balarama. This is
described vividly in Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Nine.
Adi 10.74
TEXT 74
TEXT
sri-caitanyera ati priya buddhimanta khan
ajanma ajnakari tenho sevaka-pradhana
SYNONYMS
sri-caitanyera -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ati priya -- very
dear; buddhimanta khan -- of the name Buddhimanta Khan; ajanma -- from
the very beginning of his life; ajnakari -- follower of the orders;
tenho -- he; sevaka -- servant; pradhana -- chief.
TRANSLATION
The thirty-sixth branch, Buddhimanta Khan, was extremely dear to Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He was always prepared to carry out the Lord's
orders, and therefore he was considered to be a chief servant of the
Lord.
PURPORT
Sri Buddhimanta Khan was one of the inhabitants of Navadvipa. He was
very rich, and it is he who arranged for the marriage of Lord Caitanya
with Visnupriya, the daughter of Sanatana Misra, who was the priest of
the local Zamindar. He personally defrayed all the expenditures for the
marriage ceremony. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu was attacked by vayu-
vyadhi (derangement of the air within the body) Buddhimanta Khan paid
for all requisite medicines and treatments to cure the Lord. He was the
Lord's constant companion in the kirtana movement. He collected
ornaments for the Lord when He played the part of the goddess of fortune
in the house of Candrasekhara Acarya. He also went to see Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu when He was staying at Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.75
TEXT 75
TEXT
garuda pandita laya srinama-mangala
nama-bale visa yanre na karila bala
SYNONYMS
garuda pandita -- of the name Garuda Pandita; laya -- takes;
srinama-mangala -- the auspicious Hare Krsna maha-mantra; nama-bale
-- by the strength of this chanting; visa -- poison; yanre -- whom; na --
did not; karila -- affect; bala -- strength.
TRANSLATION
Garuda Pandita, the thirty-seventh branch of the tree, always engaged in
chanting the auspicious name of the Lord. Because of the strength of
this chanting, even the effects of poison could not touch him.
PURPORT
Garuda Pandita was once bitten by a poisonous snake, but the snake's
poison could not affect him because of his chanting the Hare Krsna maha-
mantra.
Adi 10.76
TEXT 76
TEXT
gopinatha simha -- eka caitanyera dasa
akrura bali' prabhu yanre kaila parihasa
SYNONYMS
gopinatha simha -- of the name of Gopinatha Simha; eka -- one;
caitanyera dasa -- servant of Lord Caitanya; akrura bali' -- famous as
Akrura; prabhu -- the Lord; yanre -- whom; kaila -- did; parihasa --
joking.
TRANSLATION
Gopinatha Simha, the thirty-eighth branch of the tree, was a faithful
servant of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. The Lord jokingly addressed him as
Akrura.
PURPORT
Actually he was Akrura, as stated in Gaura-ganoddesa-
dipika.
Adi 10.77
TEXT 77
TEXT
bhagavati devananda vakresvara-krpate
bhagavatera bhakti-artha paila prabhu haite
SYNONYMS
bhagavati devananda -- Devananda, who used to recite Srimad-Bhagavatam;
vakresvara-krpate -- by the mercy of Vakresvara; bhagavatera -- of
Srimad-Bhagavatam; bhakti-artha -- the bhakti interpretation; paila --
got; prabhu haite -- from the Lord.
TRANSLATION
Devananda Pandita was a professional reciter of Srimad-Bhagavatam, but
by the mercy of Vakresvara Pandita and the grace of the Lord he
understood the devotional interpretation of the Bhagavatam.
PURPORT
In the Caitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Twenty-one, it is
stated that Devananda Pandita was an inhabitant of the
same village in which the father of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya,
Visarada, lived. He was a professional reciter of Srimad-
Bhagavatam, but Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not like his interpretation
of it. In the present town of Navadvipa, which was formerly known as
Kuliya, Lord Caitanya showed such mercy to him that he gave up the
Mayavadi interpretation of Srimad-Bhagavatam and learned how to explain
Srimad-Bhagavatam in terms of bhakti. Formerly, when Devananda was
expounding the Mayavadi interpretation, Srivasa Thakura was once present
in his meeting, and when he began to cry, Devananda's students drove him
away. Some days later, Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed that way, and when He
met Devananda He chastised him severely because of his Mayavada
interpretation of Srimad-Bhagavatam. At that time Devananda had little
faith in Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as an incarnation of Lord Krsna, but
one night some time later Vakresvara Pandita was a guest in his house,
and when he explained the science of Krsna, Devananda was convinced
about the identity of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Thus he was induced to
explain Srimad-Bhagavatam according to the Vaisnava understanding. In
the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika it is described that he was formerly
Bhaguri Muni, who was the sabha-pandita who recited Vedic literatures in
the house of Nanda Maharaja.
Adi 10.78-79
TEXTS 78-79
TEXT
khandavasi mukunda-dasa, sri-raghunandana
narahari-dasa, ciranjiva, sulocana
ei saba mahasakha -- caitanya-krpadhama
prema-phala-phula kare yahan tahan dana
SYNONYMS
khandavasi mukunda-dasa -- of the name Mukunda dasa
; sri-raghunandana -- of the name Raghunandana; narahari-dasa --
of the name Narahari dasa; ciranjiva -- of the name Ciranjiva; sulocana
-- of the name Sulocana; ei saba -- all of them; mahasakha --
great branches; caitanya-krpadhama -- of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the reservoir of mercy; prema -- love of God; phala -- fruit;
phula -- flower; kare -- does; yahan -- anywhere; tahan -- everywhere;
dana -- distribution.
TRANSLATION
Sri Khandavasi Mukunda and his son Raghunandana were the thirty-ninth
branch of the tree, Narahari was the fortieth, Ciranjiva the forty-first
and Sulocana the forty-second. They were all big branches of the all-
merciful tree of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. They distributed the fruits and
flowers of love of Godhead anywhere and everywhere.
PURPORT
Sri Mukunda dasa was the son of Narayana dasa and eldest brother of
Narahari Sarakara. His second brother's name was Madhava dasa, and his
son was named Raghunandana dasa. Descendants of Raghunandana dasa still
live four miles west of Katwa in the village named Srikhanda, where
Raghunandana dasa used to live. Raghunandana had one son named Kanai,
who had two sons -- Madana Raya, who was a disciple of Narahari Thakura,
and Vamsivadana. It is estimated that at least four hundred men
descended in this dynasty. All their names are recorded in the village
known as Srikhanda. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika it is stated
that the gopi whose name was Vrndadevi became Mukunda dasa, lived in
Srikhanda village and was very dear to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. His
wonderful devotion and love for Krsna are described in the
Madhya-lila, Chapter Fifteen. It is stated in the
Bhakti-ratnakara, Chapter Eight, that Raghunandana used to serve a
Deity of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Narahari dasa Sarakara was a very famous devotee. Locana dasa Thakura,
the celebrated author of Caitanya-mangala, was his disciple. In
Caitanya-mangala it is stated that Sri Gadadhara dasa and Narahari
Sarakara were extremely dear to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but there is no
specific statement regarding the inhabitants of the village of Srikhanda.
Ciranjiva and Sulocana were both residents of Srikhanda, where their
descendants are still living. Of Ciranjiva's two sons, the elder,
Ramacandra Kaviraja, was a disciple of Srinivasacarya and an
intimate associate of Narottama dasa Thakura. The younger son was
Govinda dasa Kaviraja, the famous Vaisnava poet. Ciranjiva's wife was
Sunanda, and his father-in-law was Damodara Sena Kaviraja. Ciranjiva
previously lived on the bank of the Ganges River in the village of
Kumaranagara. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (verses 187 and 207) states
that he was formerly Candrika in Vrndavana.
Adi 10.80
TEXT 80
TEXT
kulinagrama-vasi satyaraja, ramananda
yadunatha, purusottama, sankara, vidyananda
SYNONYMS
kulinagrama-vasi -- the inhabitants of Kulina-grama; satyaraja --
of the name Satyaraja; ramananda -- of the name Ramananda; yadunatha --
of the name Yadunatha; purusottama -- of the name Purusottama; sankara --
of the name Sankara; vidyananda -- of the name Vidyananda.
TRANSLATION
Satyaraja, Ramananda, Yadunatha, Purusottama, Sankara and Vidyananda all
belonged to the twentieth branch. They were inhabitants of the village
known as Kulina-grama.
Adi 10.81
TEXT 81
TEXT
vaninatha vasu adi yata grami jana
sabei caitanya-bhrtya, -- caitanya-pranadhana
SYNONYMS
vaninatha vasu -- of the name Vaninatha Vasu; adi -- heading the list;
yata -- all; grami -- of the village; jana -- inhabitants; sabei -- all
of them; caitanya-bhrtya -- servants of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
caitanya-pranadhana -- their life and soul was Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All the inhabitants of Kulina-grama village, headed by Vaninatha Vasu,
were servants of Lord Caitanya, who was their only life and wealth.
Adi 10.82
TEXT 82
TEXT
prabhu kahe, kulinagramera ye haya kukkura
sei mora priya, anya jana rahu dura
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- the Lord; kahe -- says; kulinagramera -- of the
village of Kulinagrama; ye -- anyone who; haya -- becomes; kukkura
-- even a dog; sei -- he; mora -- My; priya -- dear; anya -- others;
jana -- persons; rahu -- let them remain; dura -- away.
TRANSLATION
The Lord said: "Not to speak of others, even a dog in the village of
Kulina-grama is My dear friend.
Adi 10.83
TEXT 83
TEXT
kulinagramira bhagya kahane na yaya
sukara caraya doma, seha krsna gaya
SYNONYMS
kulinagramira -- the residents of Kulina-grama; bhagya --
fortune; kahane -- to speak; na -- not; yaya -- is possible; sukara --
hogs; caraya -- tending; doma -- sweeper; seha -- he also; krsna -- Lord
Krsna; gaya -- chants.
TRANSLATION
"No one can speak about the fortunate position of Kulina-grama. It is
so sublime that even sweepers who tend their hogs there also chant the
Hare Krsna maha-mantra."
Adi 10.84
TEXT 84
TEXT
anupama-vallabha, sri-rupa, sanatana
ei tina sakha vrksera pascime sarvottama
SYNONYMS
anupama -- of the name Anupama; vallabha -- of the name Vallabha;
sri-rupa -- of the name Sri Rupa; sanatana -- of the name Sanatana; ei --
these; tina -- three; sakha -- branches; vrksera -- of the tree;
pascime -- on the western side; sarvottama -- very great.
TRANSLATION
On the western side were the forty-third, forty-fourth and forty-fifth
branches -- Sri Sanatana, Sri Rupa and Anupama. They were the best of
all.
PURPORT
Sri Anupama was the father of Srila Jiva Gosvami and youngest brother of
Sri Sanatana Gosvami and Sri Rupa Gosvami. His former name was Vallabha,
but after Lord Caitanya met him He gave him the name Anupama. Because of
working in the Mohammedan government, these three brothers were given
the title Mullik. Our personal family is connected with the Mulliks of
Mahatma Gandhi Road in Calcutta, and we often used to visit their Radha-
Govinda temple. They belong to the same family as we do. (Our family
gotra, or original genealogical line, is the gautama-gotra, or line of
disciples of Gautama Muni, and our surname is De. But due to their
accepting the posts of Zamindars in the Mohammedan government, they
received the title Mullik. Similarly, Rupa, Sanatana and Vallabha were
also given the title Mullik. Mullik means "lord." Just as the English
government gives rich and respectable persons the title "lord," so the
Mohammedans give the title Mullik to rich, respectable families that
have intimate connections with the government. The title Mullik is
found not only among the Hindu aristocracy but also among Mohammedans
. This title is not restricted to a particular family
but is given to different families and castes. The qualifications for
receiving it are wealth and respectability.
Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami belonged to the bharadvaja-gotra,
which indicates that they belonged either to the family or disciplic
succession of Bharadvaja Muni. As members of the Krsna consciousness
movement, we belong to the family or disciplic succession of Sarasvati
Gosvami, and thus we are known as Sarasvatas. Obeisances are therefore
offered to the spiritual master as sarasvata-deva, or a member of the
Sarasvata family (namas te sarasvate devam), whose mission is to
broadcast the cult of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu (gaura-vani-pracarine) and
to fight with impersonalists and voidists (nirvisesa-sunyavadi-pascatya-
desa-tarine). This was also the occupational duty of Sanatana Gosvami,
Rupa Gosvami and Anupama Gosvami.
The genealogical table of Sanatana Gosvami, Rupa Gosvami and Vallabha
Gosvami can be traced back to the Twelfth Century sakabda, when a
gentleman of the name Sarvajna appeared in a very rich and opulent
brahmana family in the province of Karnata. He had two sons named
Aniruddhera Rupesvara and Harihara, who were both bereft of their
kingdoms and thus obliged to reside in the highlands. The son of
Rupesvara, who was named Padmanabha, moved to a place in Bengal known as
Naihati on the bank of the Ganges. There he had five sons, of whom the
youngest, Mukunda, had a well-behaved son named Kumaradeva, who was the
father of Rupa, Sanatana and Vallabha. Kumaradeva lived in
Baklacandradvipa
, which was in the
district of Yasohara and is now known as Phateyabad
. Of his many sons, three took to the path of
Vaisnavism. Later, Sri Vallabha and his elder brothers Sri Rupa and
Sanatana came from Candradvipa to the village in the Maldah district of
Bengal known as Ramakeli. It is in this village that Srila Jiva Gosvami
took birth, accepting Vallabha as his father. Because of engaging in the
service of the Mohammedan government, the three brothers received the
title Mullik. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the village of
Ramakeli, He met Vallabha there. Later, Sri Rupa Gosvami, after meeting
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, resigned from government service, and when he
went to Vrndavana to meet Lord Caitanya, Vallabha accompanied him. The
meeting of Rupa Gosvami and Vallabha with Caitanya Mahaprabhu at
Allahabad is described in the Madhya-lila, Chapter Nineteen.
Actually, it is to be understood from the statement of Sanatana Gosvami
that Sri Rupa Gosvami and Vallabha went to Vrndavana under the
instructions of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. First they went to Mathura,
where they met a gentleman named Subuddhi Raya who maintained himself
by selling dry fuel wood. He was very pleased to meet Sri Rupa Gosvami
and Anupama, and he showed them the twelve forests of Vrndavana. Thus
they lived in Vrndavana for one month and then again went to search for
Sanatana Gosvami. Following the course of the Ganges, they reached
Allahabad, or Prayaga-tirtha, but because Sanatana Gosvami had come
there by a different road, they did not meet him there, and when
Sanatana Gosvami came to Mathura he was informed of the visit of Rupa
Gosvami and Anupama by Subuddhi Raya. When Rupa Gosvami and Anupama met
Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Benares, they heard about Sanatana Gosvami's
travels from Him, and thus they returned to Bengal, adjusted their
affairs with the state and, on the order of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
went to see the Lord at Jagannatha Puri.
In the year 1436 sakabda, the youngest brother, Anupama,
died and went back home, back to Godhead. He went to the abode in the
spiritual sky where Sri Ramacandra is situated. At Jagannatha Puri, Sri
Rupa Gosvami informed Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu of this incident. Vallabha
was a great devotee of Sri Ramacandra; therefore he could not seriously
consider the worship of Radha-Govinda according to the instructions of
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Yet he directly accepted Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu as an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead
Ramacandra. In the Bhakti-ratnakara there is the following statement: "
Vallabha was given the name Anupama by Sri Gaurasundara, but he was
always absorbed in the devotional service of Lord Ramacandra. He did not
know anyone but Sri Ramacandra, but he knew that Caitanya Gosani was the
same Lord Ramacandra."
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (180) Sri Rupa Gosvami is described to be
the gopi named Sri Rupa-manjari. In the Bhakti-ratnakara there is a list
of the books Sri Rupa Gosvami compiled. Of all his books, the following
sixteen are very popular among Vaisnavas: (1) Hamsaduta, (2) Uddhava-
sandesa, (3) Krsna-janma-tithi-vidhi, (4 and 5) Ganoddesa-
dipika, Brhat (major) and Laghu (minor), (6) Stavamala, (
7) Vidagdha-madhava, (8) Lalita-madhava, (9) Dana-keli-kaumudi, (10)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (this is the most celebrated book by Sri Rupa
Gosvami), (11) Ujjvala-nilamani, (12) Akhyata-candrika, (13) Mathura-
mahima, (14) Padyavali, (15) Nataka-candrika and (16) Laghu-
bhagavatamrta. Sri Rupa Gosvami gave up all family connections, joined
the renounced order of life and divided his money, giving fifty percent
to the brahmanas and Vaisnavas and twenty-five percent to his kutumbas (
family members) and keeping twenty-five percent for personal
emergencies. He met Haridasa Thakura in Jagannatha Puri, where he also
met Lord Caitanya and His other associates. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used
to praise the handwriting of Rupa Gosvami. Srila Rupa Gosvami could
compose verses according to the desires of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and
by His direction he wrote two books named Lalita-madhava and Vidagdha-
madhava. Lord Caitanya desired the two brothers, Sanatana Gosvami and
Rupa Gosvami, to publish many books in support of the Vaisnava religion.
When Sanatana Gosvami met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord advised him
also to go to Vrndavana.
Sri Sanatana Gosvami is described in the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (181).
He was formerly known as Rati-manjari or sometimes Labanga-manjari. In
the Bhakti-ratnakara it is stated that his spiritual master,
Vidyavacaspati, sometimes stayed in the village of Ramakeli,
and Sanatana Gosvami studied all the Vedic literature from him. He was
so devoted to his spiritual master that this cannot be described.
According to the Vedic system, if someone sees a Mohammedan he must
perform rituals to atone for the meeting. Sanatana Gosvami always
associated with Mohammedan kings. Not giving much attention to the Vedic
injunctions, he used to visit the houses of Mohammedan kings, and thus
he considered himself to have been converted into a Mohammedan. He was
therefore always very humble and meek. When Sanatana Gosvami presented
himself before Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he admitted, "I am always in
association with lower class people, and my behavior is therefore very
abominable." He actually belonged to a respectable brahmana family, but
because he considered his behavior to be abominable, he did not try to
place himself among the brahmanas but always remained among people of
the lower castes. He wrote Hari-bhakti-vilasa and Vaisnava-tosani,
which is a commentary on the Tenth Canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam. In the
year 1476 sakabda he completed the Brhad-vaisnava-tosani
commentary on Srimad-Bhagavatam. In the year 1504 sakabda he
finished the
Laghu-tosani.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu taught his principles through four chief
followers. Among them, Ramananda Raya is exceptional, for through him
the Lord taught how a devotee can completely vanquish the power of Cupid.
By Cupid's power, as soon as one sees a beautiful woman he is conquered
by her beauty. Sri Ramananda Raya vanquished Cupid's pride
because in the Jagannatha-vallabha-nataka he personally
directed extremely beautiful young girls in dancing, but he was never
affected by their youthful beauty. Sri Ramananda Raya personally bathed
these girls, touching them and washing them with his own hands, yet he
remained calm and passionless, as a great devotee should be. Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu certified that this was possible only for Ramananda
Raya. Similarly, Damodara Pandita was notable for his objectivity as a
critic. He did not even spare Caitanya Mahaprabhu from his criticism.
This also cannot be imitated by anyone else. Haridasa Thakura is
exceptional for his forbearance because although he was beaten with
canes in twenty-two marketplaces, nevertheless he was
tolerant. Similarly, Sri Sanatana Gosvami, although he belonged to a
most respectable brahmana family, was exceptional for his humility and
meekness.
In the Madhya-lila, Chapter Nineteen, the device adopted by Sanatana
Gosvami to get free from the government service is described. He served
a notice of sickness to the Nawab, the Moslem governer, but actually he
was studying Srimad-Bhagavatam with brahmanas at home. The Nawab
received information of this through a royal physician, and he
immediately went to see Sanatana Gosvami to uncover his intentions. The
Nawab requested Sanatana to accompany him on an expedition to Orissa,
but when Sanatana Gosvami refused, the Nawab ordered that he be
imprisoned. When Rupa Gosvami left home, he wrote a note for Sanatana
Gosvami informing him of some money that he had entrusted to a local
grocer. Sanatana Gosvami took advantage of this money to bribe the jail
keeper and get free from detention. Then he left for Benares to meet
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, bringing with him only one servant, whose name was
Isana. On the way they stopped at a sarai, or hotel, and when the hotel
keeper found out that Isana had some golden coins with him, he planned
to kill both Sanatana Gosvami and Isana to take away the coins. Later
Sanatana Gosvami saw that although the hotel keeper did not know them,
he was being especially attentive to their comfort. Therefore he
concluded that Isana was secretly carrying some money and that the hotel
keeper was aware of this and therefore planned to kill them for it. Upon
being questioned by Sanatana Gosvami, Isana admitted that he indeed had
money with him, and immediately Sanatana Gosvami took the money and gave
it to the hotel keeper, requesting him to help them get though the
jungle. Thus with the help of the hotel keeper, who was also the chief
of the thieves of that territory, he crossed over the
Hazipur mountains, which are presently known as the Hazaribags. He then
met his brother-in-law Srikanta, who requested that he stay with him.
Sanatana Gosvami refused, but before they parted, Srikanta gave him a
valuable blanket.
Somehow or other Sanatana Gosvami reached Varanasi and met Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu at the house of Candrasekhara. By the order of the Lord,
Sanatana Gosvami was cleanly shaved and his dress changed to that of a
mendicant, or babaji. He put on old garments of Tapana Misra and took
prasada at the house of a Maharastra brahmana. Then, in discourses
with Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord Himself explained everything
about devotional service to Sanatana Gosvami. He advised Sanatana
Gosvami to write books on devotional service, including a book of
directions for Vaisnava activities, and to excavate the lost places of
pilgrimage in Vrndavana. Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave him His blessings
to do all this work and also explained to Sanatana Gosvami the import of
the atmarama verse from sixty-one different angles of vision.
Sanatana Gosvami went to Vrndavana by the main road, and when he reached
Mathura he met Subuddhi Raya. Then he returned to Jagannatha Puri
through Jharikhanda, the Uttara Pradesh jungle. At
Jagannatha Puri he decided to give up his body by falling down beneath a
wheel of the Jagannatha ratha, but Caitanya Mahaprabhu saved him. Then
Sanatana Gosvami met Haridasa Thakura and heard about the disappearance
of Anupama. Sanatana Gosvami later described the glories of Haridasa
Thakura. Sanatana observed the etiquette of Jagannatha's temple by going
through the beach to visit Lord Caitanya, although it was extremely hot
due to the sun. He requested Jagadananda Pandita to give him permission
to return to Vrndavana. Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu praised the character
of Sanatana Gosvami, and He embraced Sanatana, accepting his body as
spiritual. Sanatana Gosvami was ordered by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to
live at Jagannatha Puri for one year. When he returned to Vrndavana
after many years, he again met Rupa Gosvami, and both brothers remained
in Vrndavana to execute the orders of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
The place where Sri Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami formerly lived has
now become a place of pilgrimage. It is generally known as Gupta
Vrndavana, or hidden Vrndavana, and is situated about eight miles south
of Imrejabajara. There the following places are still visited: (1)
the temple of Sri Madana-mohana Deity, (2) the Keli-kadamba tree
under which Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu met Sanatana Gosvami at night and (3)
Rupasagara, a large pond excavated by Sri Rupa Gosvami. A society named
Ramakeli-samskara-samiti was established in 1924 to repair the temple
and renovate the pond.
Adi 10.85
TEXT 85
TEXT
tanra madhye rupa-sanatana -- bada sakha
anupama, jiva, rajendradi upasakha
SYNONYMS
tanra -- within that; madhye -- in the midst of; rupa-sanatana -- the
branch known as Rupa-Sanatana; bada sakha -- the big branch; anupama --
of the name Anupama; jiva -- of the name Jiva; rajendra-adi -- and
Rajendra and others; upasakha -- their sub-branches.
TRANSLATION
Among these branches, Rupa and Sanatana were principal. Anupama, Jiva
Gosvami and others, headed by Rajendra, were their sub-branches.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika it is said that Srila Jiva Gosvami
was formerly Vilasa-manjari gopi. From his very childhood Jiva Gosvami
was greatly fond of Srimad-Bhagavatam. He later came to Navadvipa to
study Sanskrit, and, following in the footsteps of Sri Nityananda Prabhu,
he circumambulated the entire Navadvipa-dhama. After visiting Navadvipa-
dhama he went to Benares to study Sanskrit under Madhusudana Vacaspati,
and after finishing his studies in Benares, he went to Vrndavana and
took shelter of his uncles, Sri Rupa and Sanatana. This is described in
the Bhakti-ratnakara. As far as our information goes, Srila Jiva Gosvami
composed and edited at least twenty-five books. They are all very
celebrated, and they are listed as follows: (1) Hari-namamrta-vyakarana,
(2) Sutra-malika, (3) Dhatu-sangraha, (4) Krsnarca-dipika, (5) Gopala-
virudavali, (6) Rasamrta-sesa, (7) Sri Madhava-mahotsava, (8) Sri
Sankalpa-kalpavrksa, (9) Bhavartha-sucaka-campu, (10) Gopala-tapani-tika,
(11) a commentary on Brahma-samhita, (12) a commentary on
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, (13) a commentary on Ujjvala-nilamani, (14)
a commentary on Yogasara-stava, (15) a commentary on the Gayatri-
mantra as described in the Agni Purana, (16) a description derived from
the Padma Purana of the lotus feet of the Lord,
(17) a description of the lotus feet of Srimati Radharani, (18) Gopala-
campu (in two parts) and (19-25) seven sandharbhas: the Krama, Tattva,
Bhagavat, Paramatma, Krsna, Bhakti and Priti Sandharbhas. After the
disappearance of Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami in Vrndavana,
Srila Jiva Gosvami became the acarya of all the Vaisnavas in Bengal,
Orissa and the rest of the world, and it is he who used to guide them in
their devotional service. In Vrndavana he established the Radha-Damodara
temple, where we had the opportunity to live and
retire until the age of 65, when we decided to come to the United
States of America. When Jiva Gosvami was still present, Srila Krsnadasa
Kaviraja Gosvami compiled his famous Caitanya-caritamrta. Later, Srila
Jiva Gosvami inspired Srinivasa Acarya, Narottama dasa Thakura and
Duhkhi Krsnadasa to preach Krsna consciousness in Bengal. Jiva Gosvami
was informed that all the manuscripts that were collected from
Vrndavana and sent to Bengal for preaching purposes were plundered near
Visnupura in Bengal, but later he received the information that the
books had been recovered. Sri Jiva Gosvami awarded the designation
Kaviraja to Ramacandra Sena, a disciple of Srinivasa Acarya, and his
younger brother Govinda. While Jiva Gosvami was alive,
Srimati Jahnavi-devi, the pleasure potency of Sri Nityananda Prabhu,
went to Vrndavana with a few devotees. Jiva Gosvami was very kind to the
Gaudiya Vaisnavas, the Vaisnavas from Bengal. Whoever went to Vrndavana
he provided with a residence and prasada. His disciple Krsnadasa
Adhikari listed all the books of the Gosvamis in his diary.
The sahajiyas level three accusations against Srila Jiva Gosvami. This
is certainly not congenial with the execution of devotional service. The
first accusation concerns a materialist who was very proud of his
reputation as a great Sanskrit scholar and approached Sri Rupa and
Sanatana to argue with them about the revealed scriptures. Srila Rupa
Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami, not wanting to waste their time, gave him
a written statement that he had defeated them in a debate on the
revealed scriptures. Taking this paper, the scholar approached Jiva
Gosvami for a similar certificate of defeat, but Jiva Gosvami did not
agree to give him one. On the contrary, he argued with him regarding the
scriptures and defeated him. Certainly it was right for Jiva Gosvami to
stop such a dishonest scholar from advertising that he had defeated
Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami, but due to their illiteracy the
sahajiya class refer to this incident to accuse Srila Jiva Gosvami of
deviating from the principle of humility. They do not know, however,
that humility and meekness are appropriate when one's own honor is
insulted. But when Lord Visnu or the acaryas are blasphemed,
one should not be humble and meek but must act. One should follow
the example given by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Lord Caitanya says in His
prayer:
trnad api sunicena
taror api sahisnuna
amanina manadena
kirtaniyah sada harih
"One can chant the holy name of the Lord in a humble state of mind,
thinking himself lower than the straw in the street; one should be more
tolerant than a tree, devoid of all sense of false prestige, and should
be ready to offer all respect to others. In such a state of mind one can
chant the holy name of the Lord constantly." Nevertheless, when the Lord
was informed that Nityananda Prabhu was injured by Jagai and Madhai, He
immediately went to the spot, angry like fire, wanting to kill them.
Thus Lord Caitanya has explained His verse by the example of His own
behavior. One should tolerate insults against oneself, but when there is
blasphemy committed against superiors such as other Vaisnavas, one
should be neither humble nor meek; one must take proper steps to
counteract such blasphemy. This is the duty of a servant of a guru and
Vaisnavas. Anyone who understands the principle of eternal servitude to
the guru and Vaisnavas will appreciate the action of Sri Jiva Gosvami in
connection with the so-called scholar's victory over his gurus, Srila
Rupa and Srila Sanatana Gosvami.
Another story fabricated to defame Srila Jiva Gosvami states that after
compiling Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami
showed the manuscript to Jiva Gosvami,
who thought that it would hamper his reputation as a big
scholar and therefore threw it in a well. Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja
Gosvami was greatly shocked, and he died
immediately. Fortunately a copy of the manuscript of Caitanya-
caritamrta had been kept by a person named Mukunda, and therefore later
it was possible to publish the book. This story is another ignominious
example of blasphemy against a guru and Vaisnava. Such a story should
never be accepted as authoritative.
According to another accusation, Srila Jiva Gosvami did not approve of
the principles of the parakiya-rasa of Vrajadhama and therefore
supported svakiya-rasa, showing that Radha and Krsna are eternally
married. Actually, when Jiva Gosvami was alive, some of his followers
disliked the parakiya-rasa of the gopis. Therefore Srila Jiva Gosvami,
for their spiritual benefit, supported svakiya-rasa, for he could
understand that sahajiyas would otherwise exploit the parakiya-rasa, as
they are actually doing at the present. Unfortunately, in Vrndavana
and Navadvipa it has become fashionable among sahajiyas, in their
debauchery, to find an unmarried sexual partner to live with to execute
devotional service in parakiya-rasa. Foreseeing this, Srila
Jiva Gosvami supported svakiya-rasa, and later all the Vaisnava acaryas
also approved of it. Srila Jiva Gosvami was never opposed to the
transcendental parakiya-rasa, nor has any other Vaisnava disapproved of
it. Srila Jiva Gosvami strictly followed his predecessor gurus and
Vaisnavas, Srila Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami, and Srila Krsnadasa
Kaviraja Gosvami accepted him as one of his instructor gurus.
Adi 10.86
TEXT 86
TEXT
malira icchaya sakha bahuta badila
badiya pascima desa saba acchadila
SYNONYMS
malira icchaya -- on the desire of the gardener; sakha -- branches;
bahuta -- many; badila -- expanded; badiya -- so expanding; pascima --
western; desa -- countries; saba -- all; acchadila -- covered.
TRANSLATION
By the will of the supreme gardener, the branches of Srila Rupa Gosvami
and Sanatana Gosvami grew many times over, expanding throughout the
western countries and covering the entire region.
Adi 10.87
TEXT 87
TEXT
a-sindhunadi-tira ara himalaya
vrndavana-mathuradi yata tirtha haya
SYNONYMS
a-sindhu-nadi -- to the border of the River Sindhu; tira -- border; ara -
- and; himalaya -- the Himalayan Mountains; vrndavana -- of the name
Vrndavana; mathura -- of the name Mathura; adi -- heading the list; yata
-- all; tirtha -- places of pilgrimage; haya -- there are.
TRANSLATION
Extending to the borders of the River Sindhu and the Himalayan Mountain
valleys, they expanded throughout India, including all the
places of pilgrimage such as Vrndavana, Mathura and Haridvara.
Adi 10.88
TEXT 88
TEXT
dui sakhara prema-phale sakala bhasila
prema-phalasvade loka unmatta ha-ila
SYNONYMS
dui sakhara -- of the two branches; prema-phale -- by the fruit of love
of Godhead; sakala -- all; bhasila -- became overflooded; prema-phala --
the fruit of love of Godhead; asvade -- by tasting; loka -- all people;
unmatta -- maddened; ha-ila -- became.
TRANSLATION
The fruits of love of Godhead which fructified on these two branches
were distributed in abundance. Tasting these fruits, everyone became mad
after them.
Adi 10.89
TEXT 89
TEXT
pascimera loka saba mudha anacara
tahan pracarila donhe bhakti-sadacara
SYNONYMS
pascimera -- on the western side; loka -- people in general; saba -- all;
mudha -- less intelligent; anacara -- not well behaved; tahan -- there;
pracarila -- preached; donhe -- Srila Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami;
bhakti -- devotional service; sadacara -- good behavior.
TRANSLATION
The people in general on the western side of India were neither
intelligent nor well behaved, but by the influence of Srila Rupa Gosvami
and Sanatana Gosvami they were trained in devotional service and good
behavior.
PURPORT
Although it is not only in western India that people were contaminated
by association with Mohammedans, it is a fact that the farther west one
goes in India the more he will find the people to be fallen from the
Vedic culture. Even until 5,000 years ago, when the entire
planet was under the control of Maharaja Pariksit, the Vedic culture was
current everywhere. Gradually, however, people were influenced by non-
Vedic culture, and they lost sight of how to behave in connection with
devotional service. Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami very kindly
preached the bhakti cult in western India, and following in their
footsteps the propagators of the Caitanya cult in the western countries
are spreading the sankirtana movement and inculcating the principles of
Vaisnava behavior, thus purifying and reforming many persons who were
previously accustomed to the culture of mlecchas and yavanas. All of our
devotees in the western countries give up their old habits of illicit
sex, intoxication, meat-eating and gambling. Of course, 500
years ago these practices were unknown at least in eastern
India, but unfortunately at present all of India has been victimized
by these non-Vedic principles, which are sometimes even supported by the
government.
Adi 10.90
TEXT 90
TEXT
sastra-drstye kaila lupta-tirthera uddhara
vrndavane kaila srimurti-sevara pracara
SYNONYMS
sastra-drstye -- according to the directions of revealed scriptures;
kaila -- did; lupta -- forgotten; tirthera -- place of pilgrimage;
uddhara -- excavation; vrndavane -- in Vrndavana; kaila -- did; sri-
murti -- Deity; sevara -- of worship; pracara -- propagation.
TRANSLATION
In accordance with the directions of the revealed scriptures, both
Gosvamis excavated the lost places of pilgrimage and inaugurated the
worship of Deities in Vrndavana.
PURPORT
The spot where we now find Sri Radhakunda was an agricultural
field during the time of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. A small reservoir of water
was there, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu bathed in that water and pointed
out that originally Radha-kunda existed in that location. Following His
directions, Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami renovated
Radhakunda. This is one of the brilliant examples of how the
Gosvamis excavated lost places of pilgrimage. Similarly, it is through
the the endeavor of the Gosvamis that all the important temples at
Vrndavana were established. Originally there were seven important
Gaudiya Vaisnava temples established in Vrndavana, namely, the Madana-
mohana temple, Govinda temple, Gopinatha temple, Sri Radharamana temple,
Radha-Syamasundara temple, Radha-Damodara temple and Gokulananda temple.
Adi 10.91
TEXT 91
TEXT
mahaprabhura priya bhrtya -- raghunatha-dasa
sarva tyaji' kaila prabhura pada-tale vasa
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; priya -- very dear; bhrtya -
- servant; raghunatha-dasa -- Raghunatha dasa Gosvami; sarva tyaji' --
renouncing everything; kaila -- did; prabhura -- of the Lord; pada-tale -
- under the shelter of the lotus feet; vasa -- habitation.
TRANSLATION
Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, the forty-sixth branch of the tree, was
one of the most dear servants of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He left all
his material possessions to surrender completely unto the Lord and live
at His lotus feet.
PURPORT
Srila
Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was most probably born in the year 1416 sakabda
in a kayastha family as the son of Govardhana Majumdara,
who was the younger brother of the then Zamindar Hiranya Majumdara.
The village where he took birth is known as Sri Krsnapura. On the
railway line between Calcutta and Burdwan is a station named Trisabagha
, and about one and a half miles away is
the village of Sri Krsnapura, where the parental home of Sri Raghunatha
dasa Gosvami was situated. A temple of Sri Sri Radha-Govinda is still
there. In front of the temple is a large open area but no large hall for
meetings. However, a rich Calcutta gentleman named Haricarana
Ghosh who resided in the Simla quarter recently repaired the temple.
The entire temple compound is surrounded by walls, and in a small room
just to the side of the temple is a small platform on which Raghunatha
dasa Gosvami used to worship the Deity. By the side of the temple is the
dying River Sarasvati.
The forefathers of Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami were all Vaisnavas and
were very rich men. His spiritual master at home was Yadunandana Acarya.
Although Raghunatha dasa was a family man, he had no attachment for his
estate and wife. Seeing his tendency to leave home, his father and uncle
engaged special bodyguards to watch over him, but nevertheless he
managed to escape their vigilance and went away to Jagannatha Puri to
meet Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This incident took place in the year 1439
sakabda. Raghunatha dasa Gosvami compiled three books named
Stava-mala or Stavavali, Dana-carita and Muktacarita. He lived
for a long duration of life. For most of his life he resided at
Radhakunda. The place where Raghunatha dasa Gosvami performed his
devotional service still exists by Radhakunda. He almost
completely gave up eating, and therefore he was very skinny and of weak
health. His only concern was to chant the holy name of the Lord. He
gradually reduced his sleeping until he was almost not sleeping at all.
It is said that his eyes were always full of tears. When Srinivasa
Acarya went to see Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, the Gosvami blessed him by
embracing him. Srinivasa Acarya requested his blessings for preaching in
Bengal, and Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami granted them. In the Gaura-
ganoddesa-dipika (186) it is stated that Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami
was formerly the gopi named Rasa-manjari. Sometimes it is said that he
was Rati-manjari.
Adi 10.92
TEXT 92
TEXT
prabhu samarpila tanre svarupera hate
prabhura gupta-seva kaila svarupera sathe
SYNONYMS
prabhu -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samarpila -- handed over; tanre --
him; svarupera -- Svarupa Damodara; hate -- to the hand; prabhura -- of
the Lord; gupta-seva -- confidential service; kaila -- did; svarupera --
Svarupa Damodara; sathe -- with.
TRANSLATION
When Raghunatha dasa Gosvami approached Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at
Jagannatha Puri, the Lord entrusted him to the care of Svarupa Damodara,
His secretary. Thus they both engaged in the confidential service of the
Lord.
PURPORT
This confidential service was the personal care of the Lord. Svarupa
Damodara, acting as His secretary, attended to the Lord's baths, meals,
rest and massages, and Raghunatha dasa Gosvami assisted him. In effect,
Raghunatha dasa Gosvami acted as the assistant secretary of the Lord.
Adi 10.93
TEXT 93
TEXT
sodasa vatsara kaila antaranga-sevana
svarupera antardhane aila vrndavana
SYNONYMS
sodasa -- sixteen; vatsara -- years; kaila -- did; antaranga --
confidential; sevana -- service; svarupera -- of Svarupa Damodara;
antardhane -- disappearance; aila -- came; vrndavana -- to Vrndavana.
TRANSLATION
He rendered confidential service to the Lord for sixteen years at
Jagannatha Puri, and after the disappearance of both the Lord and
Svarupa Damodara, he left Jagannatha Puri and went to Vrndavana.
Adi 10.94
TEXT 94
TEXT
vrndavane dui bhaira carana dekhiya
govardhane tyajiba deha bhrgupata kariya
SYNONYMS
vrndavane -- at Vrndavana; dui bhaira -- the two brothers (Rupa and
Sanatana); carana -- feet; dekhiya -- after seeing; govardhane -- on the
hill of Govardhana; tyajiba -- will give up; deha -- this body;
bhrgupata -- falling down; kariya -- doing so.
TRANSLATION
Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami intended to go to Vrndavana to see the
lotus feet of Rupa and Sanatana and then give up his life by jumping
from Govardhana Hill.
PURPORT
Jumping from the top of Govardhana Hill is a system of suicide
especially performed by saintly persons. After the disappearance of Lord
Caitanya and Svarupa Damodara, Raghunatha dasa Gosvami keenly felt the
separation of these two exalted personalities and therefore decided to
give up his life by jumping from Govardhana Hill in Vrndavana. Before
doing so, however, he wanted to see the lotus feet of Srila Rupa Gosvami
and Sanatana Gosvami.
Adi 10.95
TEXT 95
TEXT
ei ta' niscaya kari' aila vrndavane
asi' rupa-sanatanera vandila carane
SYNONYMS
ei ta' -- thus; niscaya kari' -- having decided; aila -- came; vrndavane
-- to Vrndavana; asi' -- coming there; rupa-sanatanera -- of Srila Rupa
Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami; vandila -- offered respects; carane -- at
the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
Thus Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami came to Vrndavana, visited Srila Rupa
Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami and offered them his obeisances.
Adi 10.96
TEXT 96
TEXT
tabe dui bhai tanre marite na dila
nija trtiya bhai kari' nikate rakhila
SYNONYMS
tabe -- at that time; dui bhai -- the two brothers (Srila Rupa and
Sanatana); tanre -- him; marite -- to die; na dila -- did not allow;
nija -- own; trtiya -- third; bhai -- brother; kari' -- accepting;
nikate -- near; rakhila -- kept him.
TRANSLATION
These two brothers, however, did not allow him to die. They accepted him
as their third brother and kept him in their company.
Adi 10.97
TEXT 97
TEXT
mahaprabhura lila yata bahira-antara
dui bhai tanra mukhe sune nirantara
SYNONYMS
mahaprabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; lila -- pastimes; yata -
- all; bahira -- external; antara -- internal; dui bhai -- the two
brothers; tanra -- his; mukhe -- in the mouth; sune -- hear; nirantara --
always.
TRANSLATION
Because Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was an assistant to Svarupa Damodara, he
knew much about the external and internal features of the pastimes of
Lord Caitanya. Thus the two brothers Rupa and Sanatana always used to
hear of this from him.
Adi 10.98
TEXT 98
TEXT
anna-jala tyaga kaila anya-kathana
pala dui-tina matha karena bhaksana
SYNONYMS
anna-jala -- food and drink; tyaga -- renunciation; kaila -- did; anya-
kathana -- talking of other things; pala dui-tina -- a few drops of;
matha -- sour milk; karena -- does; bhaksana -- eat.
TRANSLATION
Raghunatha dasa Gosvami gradually gave up all food and drink but a few
drops of buttermilk.
Adi 10.99
TEXT 99
TEXT
sahasra dandavat kare, laya laksa nama
dui sahasra vaisnavere nitya paranama
SYNONYMS
sahasra -- thousand; dandavat -- obeisances; kare -- does; laya -- takes;
laksa -- one hundred thousand; nama -- holy names; dui -- two; sahasra -
- thousand; vaisnavere -- unto the devotees; nitya -- daily; paranama --
obeisances.
TRANSLATION
As a daily duty, he regularly offered one thousand obeisances to the
Lord, chanted at least one hundred thousand holy names and offered
obeisances to two thousand Vaisnavas.
Adi 10.100
TEXT 100
TEXT
ratri-dine radha-krsnera manasa sevana
prahareka mahaprabhura caritra-kathana
SYNONYMS
ratri-dine -- day and night; radha-krsnera -- of Radha and Krsna; manasa
-- within the mind; sevana -- service; prahareka -- about three hours;
mahaprabhura -- of Lord Caitanya; caritra -- character; kathana --
discussing.
TRANSLATION
Day and night he rendered service within his mind to Radha-Krsna, and
for three hours a day he discoursed about the character of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
PURPORT
We have many things to learn about bhajana, or worship of the Lord, by
following in the footsteps of Raghunatha dasa Gosvami. All the Gosvamis
engaged in such transcendental activities, as described by Srinivasa
Acarya in his poem about them (krsnotkirtana-gana-nartana-parau
premamrtambho-nidhi). Following in the footsteps of Raghunatha dasa
Gosvami, Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami, one has to execute
devotional service very strictly, specifically by chanting the holy name
of the Lord.
Adi 10.101
TEXT 101
TEXT
tina sandhya radha-kunde apatita snana
vraja-vasi vaisnave kare alingana mana
SYNONYMS
tina sandhya -- three times, namely morning, evening and noon; radha-
kunde -- in the lake of Radhakunda; apatita -- without failure;
snana -- taking bath; vraja-vasi -- inhabitants of Vrajabhumi; vaisnave -
- all devotees; kare -- does; alingana -- embracing; mana -- and
offering respect.
TRANSLATION
Sri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami took three baths daily in the
Radhakunda lake. As soon as he found a Vaisnava residing in
Vrndavana, he would embrace him and give him all respect.
Adi 10.102
TEXT 102
TEXT
sardha sapta-prahara kare bhaktira sadhane
cari danda nidra, seha nahe kona-dine
SYNONYMS
sardha -- one and a half hours; sapta-prahara -- seven praharas (twenty-
one hours); kare -- does; bhaktira -- of devotional serivce; sadhane --
in execution; cari danda -- about two hours; nidra -- sleeping; seha --
that also; nahe -- not; kona-dine -- some days.
TRANSLATION
He engaged himself in devotional service for more than twenty-two and a
half hours a day, and for less than two hours he slept, although on some
days that also was not possible.
Adi 10.103
TEXT 103
TEXT
tanhara sadhana-riti sunite camatkara
sei rupa-raghunatha prabhu ye amara
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- his; sadhana-riti -- process of devotional service; sunite --
to hear; camatkara -- wonderful; sei -- that; rupa -- Sri Rupa Gosvami;
raghunatha -- Raghunatha dasa Gosvami; prabhu -- lord; ye -- that; amara
-- my.
TRANSLATION
I am struck with wonder when I hear about the devotional service he
executed. I accept Srila Rupa Gosvami and Raghunatha dasa Gosvami as my
guides.
PURPORT
Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami accepted Raghunatha dasa Gosvami as his
special guide. Therefore at the end of every chapter he says, sri-rupa-
raghunatha-pade yara asa caitanya-caritamrta kahe krsnadasa. Sometimes
it is misunderstood that by using the word raghunatha he wanted to offer
his respectful obeisances to Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami, for it is
sometimes stated that Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami was his initiator
spiritual master. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami does not
approve of this statement; he does not accept Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami
as the spiritual master of Srila Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami.
Adi 10.104
TEXT 104
TEXT
inha-sabara yaiche haila prabhura milana
age vistariya taha kariba varnana
SYNONYMS
inha -- of them; sabara -- all; yaiche -- as; haila -- became; prabhura -
- of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; milana -- meeting; age -- later on;
vistariya -- expanding; taha -- that; kariba -- I shall do; varnana --
description.
TRANSLATION
I shall later explain very elaborately how all these devotees met Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.105
TEXT 105
TEXT
sri-gopala bhatta eka sakha sarvottama
rupa-sanatana-sange yanra prema-alapana
SYNONYMS
sri-gopala bhatta -- of the name Sri Gopala Bhatta; eka -- one; sakha --
branch; sarvottama -- very exalted; rupa -- of the name Rupa;
sanatana -- of the name Sanatana; sange -- company; yanra -- whose;
prema -- love of Godhead; alapana -- discussion.
TRANSLATION
Sri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, the forty-seventh branch, was one of the
great and exalted branches of the tree. He always engaged in discourses
about love of Godhead in the company of Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana
Gosvami.
PURPORT
Sri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was the son of Venkata Bhatta, a resident of
Srirangam. Gopala Bhatta formerly belonged to the disciplic
succession of the Ramanuja-sampradaya but later became part of the
Gaudiya-sampradaya. In the year 1433 sakabda, when Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was touring South India, He stayed for four months
during the period of Caturmasya at the house of Venkata Bhatta, who then
got the opportunity to serve the Lord to his heart's content. Gopala
Bhatta also got the opportunity to serve the Lord at this time. Sri
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was later initiated by his uncle, the great
sannyasi Prabodhananda Sarasvati. Both the father and mother of
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami were extremely fortunate, for they dedicated their
entire lives to the service of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. They allowed
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami to go to Vrndavana, and they gave up their lives
thinking of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When Lord Caitanya was later
informed that Gopala Bhatta Gosvami had gone to Vrndavana and met Sri
Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami, He was very pleased, and He advised Sri Rupa
and Sanatana to accept Gopala Bhatta Gosvami as their younger brother
and take care of him. Sri Sanatana Gosvami, out of his great affection
for Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, compiled the Vaisnava smrti named Hari-bhakti-
vilasa and published it under his name. Under the instruction of Srila
Rupa and Sanatana, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami installed one of the seven
principal Deities of Vrndavana, the Radharamana Deity. The sevaits (
priests) of the Radharamana temple belong to the Gaudiya-sampradaya.
When Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami took permission from all the Vaisnavas
before writing Caitanya-caritamrta, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami also gave
him his blessings, but he requested him not to mention his name in the
book. Therefore Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami has mentioned Gopala Bhatta
Gosvami only very cautiously in one or two passages of Caitanya-
caritamrta. Srila Jiva Gosvami has written in the beginning of his
Tattva-sandarbha, "A devotee from southern India who was born of a
brahmana family and was a very intimate friend of Rupa Gosvami and
Sanatana Gosvami has written a book that he has not compiled
chronologically. Therefore I, a tiny living entity known as jiva, am
trying to assort the events of the book chronologically, consulting the
direction of great personalities like Madhvacarya, Sridhara Svami,
Ramanujacarya and other senior Vaisnavas in the disciplic succession."
In the beginning of the Bhagavat-sandarbha there are similar statements
by Srila Jiva Gosvami. Srila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami compiled a book
called Sat-kriya-sara-dipika, edited the Hari-bhakti-vilasa, wrote a
forward to the Sat-sandarbha and a commentary on the Krsna-karnamrta,
and installed the Radharamana Deity in Vrndavana. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-
dipika, verse 184, it is mentioned that his previous name in the
pastimes of Lord Krsna was Ananga-manjari. Sometimes he is also said to
have been an incarnation of Guna-manjari. Srinivasa Acarya and Gopinatha
Pujari were two of his disciples.
Adi 10.106
TEXT 106
TEXT
sankararanya -- acarya-vrksera eka sakha
mukunda, kasinatha, rudra -- upasakha lekha
SYNONYMS
sankararanya -- of the name Sankararanya; acarya-vrksera -- of the tree
of acaryas; eka -- one; sakha -- branch; mukunda -- of the name Mukunda;
kasinatha -- of the name Kasinatha; rudra -- of the name Rudra; upasakha
lekha -- they are known as sub-branches.
TRANSLATION
The acarya Sankararanya was considered the forty-eighth branch of the
original tree. From him proceeded sub-branches known as Mukunda,
Kasinatha and Rudra.
PURPORT
It is said that Sankararanya was the sannyasa name of Srila Visvarupa,
who was the elder brother of Visvambhara (the original name of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu). Sankararanya expired in 1432 sakabda
at Solapura, where there is a place of pilgrimage known as Panderapura.
This is referred to in the Madhya-lila, Chapter Nine, verses 299 and 300.
Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu opened a primary school in the house of Mukunda, or
Mukunda Sanjaya, and Mukunda's son, whose name was Purusottama, became
the Lord's student. Kasinatha arranged the marriage of Lord Caitanya in
His previous asrama, when His name was Visvambhara. He induced
the court pandita, Sanatana, to offer Visvambhara his daughter. In
the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 50, it is mentioned that
Kasinatha was an incarnation of Satrajit, who arranged
the marriage of Krsna and Satya, and it is
mentioned in verse 135 that Rudra, or Sri Rudrarama Pandita, was
formerly a friend of Lord Krsna named Varuthapa. Sri Rudrarama Pandita
constructed a big temple at Vallabhapura, which is one mile north of
Mahesa, for the Deities named Radhavallabha. The descendants of his
brother, Yadunandana Bandyopadhyaya, are known as Cakravarti Thakuras,
and they are in charge of the maintenance of this temple as sevaits.
Formerly the Jagannatha Deity used to come to the temple of
Radhavallabha from Mahesa during the Rathayatra festival, but in
the Bengali year 1262, due to a misunderstanding between the
priests of the two temples, the Jagannatha Deity stopped coming.
Adi 10.107
TEXT 107
TEXT
srinatha pandita -- prabhura krpara bhajana
yanra krsna-seva dekhi' vasa tri-bhuvana
SYNONYMS
srinatha pandita -- of the name Srinatha Pandita; prabhura -- of the
Lord; krpara -- of mercy; bhajana -- receiver; yanra -- whose; krsna-
seva -- worship of Lord Krsna; dekhi' -- seeing; vasa -- subjugated; tri-
bhuvana -- all the three worlds.
TRANSLATION
Srinatha Pandita, the forty-ninth branch, was the beloved recipient of
all the mercy of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Everyone in the three worlds
was astonished to see how he worshiped Lord Krsna.
PURPORT
About
one and a half miles away from Kumarahatta, or Kamarhatti, which is a
few miles from Calcutta, is a village known as Kancadapada which was
the home of Sri Sivananda Sena. There he constructed a temple of Sri
Gauragopala. Another temple was established there
with Sri Radha-Krsna murtis by Srinatha Pandita. The Deity of that
temple is named Sri Krsna Raya. The temple of Krsna Raya, which was
constructed in the year 1708 sakabda by a prominent Zamindar
named Nimai Mullik of Pathuriya-ghata in Calcutta, is very large. There
is a big courtyard in front of the temple, and there are residential
quarters for visitors and good arrangements for cooking prasada. The
entire courtyard is surrounded by very high boundary walls, and the
temple is almost as big as the Mahesa temple. Inscribed on a tablet are
the names of Srinatha Pandita and his father and grandfather and the
date of construction of the temple. Srinatha Pandita, one of the
disciples of Advaita Prabhu, was the spiritual master of the third son
of Sivananda Sena, who was known as Paramananda Kavikarnapura.
It is supposed to be during the time of Kavikarnapura that the Krsna
Raya Deity was installed. According to
hearsay, Virabhadra Prabhu, the son of Nityananda Prabhu, brought a big
stone from Mursidabad from which three Deities were carved -- namely,
the Radhavallabha vigraha of Vallabhapura, the Syamasundara vigraha of
Khadadaha and the Sri Krsna Raya vigraha of Kancadapada. The home of
Sivananda Sena was situated on the bank of the Ganges near an almost
ruined temple. It is said that the same Nimai Mullik of Calcutta saw
this broken-down temple of Krsna Raya while he was going to Benares and
thereafter constructed the present temple.
Adi 10.108
TEXT 108
TEXT
jagannatha acarya prabhura priya dasa
prabhura ajnate tenho kaila ganga-vasa
SYNONYMS
jagannatha acarya -- of the name Jagannatha Acarya; prabhura -- of the
Lord; priya dasa -- very dear servant; prabhura ajnate -- by the order
of the Lord; tenho -- he; kaila -- agreed; ganga-vasa -- living on the
bank of the Ganges.
TRANSLATION
Jagannatha Acarya, the fiftieth branch of the Caitanya tree, was an
extremely dear servant of the Lord, by whose order he decided to live on
the bank of the Ganges.
PURPORT
Jagannatha Acarya is stated in the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (111) to have
formerly been Durvasa of Nidhuvana.
Adi 10.109
TEXT 109
TEXT
krsnadasa vaidya, ara pandita-sekhara
kavicandra, ara kirtaniya sasthivara
SYNONYMS
krsnadasa vaidya -- of the name Krsnadasa Vaidya; ara -- and; pandita-
sekhara -- of the name Pandita Sekhara; kavicandra -- of the name
Kavicandra; ara -- and; kirtaniya -- kirtana performer; sasthivara -- of
the name Sasthivara.
TRANSLATION
The fifty-first branch of the Caitanya tree was Krsnadasa Vaidya, the
fifty-second was Pandita Sekhara, the fifty-third was Kavicandra, and
the fifty-fourth was Sasthivara, who was a great sankirtana performer.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (171) it is mentioned that
Srinatha Misra was Citrangi and
Kavicandra was Manohara-gopi.
Adi 10.110
TEXT 110
TEXT
srinatha misra, subhananda, srirama, isana
srinidhi, srigopikanta, misra bhagavan
SYNONYMS
srinatha misra -- of the name Srinatha Misra; subhananda -- of the name
Subhananda; srirama -- of the name Srirama; isana -- of the name Isana;
srinidhi -- of the name Srinidhi; sri-gopikanta -- of the name Sri
Gopikanta; misra bhagavan -- of the name Misra Bhagavan.
TRANSLATION
The fifty-fifth branch was Srinatha Misra, the fifty-sixth was
Subhananda; the fifty-seventh was Srirama, the fifty-eighth was Isana,
the fifty-ninth was Srinidhi, the sixtieth was Sri Gopikanta, and the
sixty-first was Misra Bhagavan.
PURPORT
Subhananda, who formerly lived in Vrndavana as Malati, was one of the
kirtana performers who danced in front of the Rathayatra car
during the Jagannatha festival. It is said that he ate the foam that
came out of the mouth of the Lord while He danced before the
Rathayatra car. Isana was a personal servant of Srimati Sacidevi,
who showed her great mercy upon him. He was also very dear to Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.111
TEXT 111
TEXT
subuddhi misra, hrdayananda, kamala-nayana
mahesa pandita, srikara, sri-madhusudana
SYNONYMS
subuddhi misra -- of the name Subuddhi Misra; hrdayananda -- of the name
Hrdayananda; kamala-nayana -- of the name Kamala-nayana; mahesa pandita -
- of the name Mahesa Pandita; srikara -- of the name Srikara; sri-
madhusudana -- of the name Sri Madhusudana.
TRANSLATION
The sixty-second branch of the tree was Subuddhi Misra, the sixty-third
was Hrdayananda, the sixty-fourth is Kamala-nayana, the sixty-fifth was
Mahesa Pandita, the sixty-sixth was Srikara, and the sixty-seventh was
Sri Madhusudana.
PURPORT
Subuddhi Misra, who was formerly Gunacuda in Vrndavana, installed Gaura-
Nityananda Deities in a temple in the village known as Belagan, which is
about three miles away from Srikhanda. His present descendant is known
as Govindacandra Gosvami.
Adi 10.112
TEXT 112
TEXT
purusottama, sri-galima, jagannatha-dasa
sri-candrasekhara vaidya, dvija haridasa
SYNONYMS
purusottama -- of the name Purusottama; sri-galima -- of the name Sri
Galima; jagannatha-dasa -- of the name Jagannatha dasa; sri-
candresekhara vaidya -- of the name Sri Candrasekhara Vaidya; dvija
haridasa -- of the name Dvija Haridasa.
TRANSLATION
The sixty-eighth branch of the original tree was Purusottama, the sixty-
ninth was Sri Galima, the seventieth was Jagannatha dasa, the seventy-
first was Sri Candrasekhara Vaidya, and the seventy-second was Dvija
Haridasa.
PURPORT
There
is some question about whether Dvija Haridasa was the author of
Astottara-sata-nama. He had two sons named Sridama and Gokulananda who
were disciples of Sri Advaita Acarya. Their village, Kancana-gadiya, is
situated within five miles of the Bajarasau station, the fifth station
from Ajimaganja in the district of Mursidabad, West Bengal.
Adi 10.113
TEXT 113
TEXT
ramadasa, kavicandra, sri-gopaladasa
bhagavatacarya, thakura sarangadasa
SYNONYMS
ramadasa -- of the name Ramadasa; kavicandra -- of the name Kavicandra;
sri-gopaladasa -- of the name Sri Gopala dasa; bhagavatacarya --
of the name Bhagavatacarya; thakura sarangadasa -- of the
name Thakura Saranga dasa.
TRANSLATION
The seventy-third branch of the original tree was Ramadasa, the seventy-
fourth was Kavicandra, the seventy-fifth was Sri Gopala dasa, the
seventy-sixth was Bhagavatacarya, and the seventy-seventh was
Thakura Saranga dasa.
PURPORT
In the
Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (203) it is said, "Bhagavatacarya compiled
a book entitled Krsna-prema-tarangini, and he was the most beloved
devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu." When Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
visited Varahanagara, a suburb of Calcutta, He stayed in the house
of a most fortunate brahmana who was a very learned scholar in Bhagavata
literature. As soon as this brahmana saw Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he
began to read Srimad-Bhagavatam. When Mahaprabhu heard his explanation,
which expounded bhakti-yoga, He immediately became unconscious in
ecstasy. Lord Caitanya later said, "I have never heard such a nice
explanation of Srimad-Bhagavatam. I therefore designate you
Bhagavatacarya. Your only duty is to recite Srimad-Bhagavatam.
That is My injunction." His real name was Raghunatha. His monastery,
which is situated in Varahanagara, about three and a half miles north of
Calcutta on the bank of the Ganges, still exists, and it is managed by
the initiated disciples of the late Sri Ramadasa Babaji. Presently,
however, it is not as well managed as in the presence of Babaji Maharaja.
Another name of Thakura Saranga dasa was Sarnga Thakura. Sometimes he
was also called Sarngapani or Sarngadhara. He was a resident of
Navadvipa in the neighborhood known as Modadruma-dvipa, and he used to
worship the Supreme Lord in a secluded place on the bank of the Ganges.
He did not accept disciples, but he was repeatedly inspired
from within by the Supreme Personality of Godhead to do so. Thus one
morning he decided, "Whomever I see I shall make my disciple." When he
went to the bank of the Ganges to take his bath, by chance he saw a dead
body floating in the water, and he touched it with his feet. This
immediately brought the body to life, and Thakura Saranga dasa accepted
him as his disciple. This disciple later became famous as Thakura Murari,
and his name is always associated with that of Sri Saranga. His
disciplic succession still inhabits the village of Sar. There is a
temple at Mamagacchi that is supposed to have been started by Sarnga
Thakura. Not long ago, a new temple building was erected in front of a
bakula tree there, and it is now being managed by the members of the
Gaudiya Matha. It is said that the management of the temple is now far
better than before. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (172) it is stated
that Sarnga Thakura was formerly a gopi named Nandimukhi. Some devotees
say that he was formerly Prahlada Maharaja, but Sri
Kavikarnapura says that his father, Sivananda Sena, does not
accept this proposition.
Adi 10.114
TEXT 114
TEXT
jagannatha tirtha, vipra sri-janakinatha
gopala acarya, ara vipra vaninatha
SYNONYMS
jagannatha tirtha -- of the name Jagannatha Tirtha; vipra -- brahmana;
sri-janakinatha -- of the name Sri Janakinatha; gopala
acarya -- of the name Gopala Acarya; ara -- and; vipra vaninatha -- the
brahmana of the name Vaninatha.
TRANSLATION
The seventy-eighth branch of the original tree was Jagannatha Tirtha,
the seventy-ninth was the brahmana Sri Janakinatha, the eightieth was
Gopala Acarya, and the eighty-first was the brahmana Vaninatha.
PURPORT
Jagannatha Tirtha was one of the nine principal sannyasis who were Lord
Caitanya's associates. Vaninatha Vipra was a resident of Canpahati, a
village in the district of Burdwan near the town of Navadvipa, the
police station of Purvasthali and the post office of Samudragada. The
temple there was very much neglected, but it was renovated in the
Bengali year 1328 by Sri Paramananda Brahmacari, one of Sri
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura's disciples, who reorganized the seva-
puja (worship in the temple) and placed the temple under the management
of the Sri Caitanya Matha of Sri Mayapur. In the temple as it now exists,
the Deity of Sri Gaura-Gadadhara is worshiped strictly according to the
principles of the revealed scriptures. Canpahati is two miles away from
both Samudragada and the Navadvipa station of the eastern railway.
Adi 10.115
TEXT 115
TEXT
govinda, madhava, vasudeva -- tina bhai
yan-sabara kirtane nace caitanya-nitai
SYNONYMS
govinda -- of the name Govinda; madhava -- of the name Madhava; vasudeva
-- of the name Vasudeva; tina bhai -- three brothers; yan-sabara -- all
of whom; kirtane -- in the performance of sankirtana; nace -- dance;
caitanya-nitai -- Lord Caitanya and Nityananda Prabhu.
TRANSLATION
The three brothers Govinda, Madhava and Vasudeva were the eighty-second,
eighty-third and eighty-fourth branches of the tree. Lord Caitanya and
Nityananda used to dance in their kirtana performances.
PURPORT
The three brothers Govinda, Madhava and Vasudeva Ghosh all belonged to a
kayastha family. Govinda established the Gopinatha temple in Agradvipa,
where he resided. Madhava Ghosh was expert in performing kirtana. No one
within this world could compete with him. He was known as the singer of
Vrndavana and was very dear to Sri Nityananda Prabhu. It is said that
when the three brothers performed sankirtana, immediately Lord Caitanya
and Nityananda would dance in ecstasy. According to the Gaura-ganoddesa-
dipika (188), the three brothers were formerly Kalavati, Rasollasa and
Gunatunga, who recited the songs composed by Sri Visakha-gopi. The three
brothers were among one of the seven parties that performed kirtana when
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu attended the Rathayatra festival at
Jagannatha Puri. Vakresvara Pandita was the chief dancer in their party.
This is vividly described in the Madhya-lila, Chapter Thirteen, verses
42 and 43.
Adi 10.116
TEXT 116
TEXT
ramadasa abhirama -- sakhya-premarasi
solasangera kastha tuli' ye karila vansi
SYNONYMS
ramadasa abhirama -- of the name Ramadasa Abhirama; sakhya-prema --
friendship; rasi -- great volume; sola-sangera -- of sixteen knots;
kastha -- wood; tuli' -- lifting; ye -- one who; karila -- made; vansi --
flute.
TRANSLATION
Ramadasa Abhirama was fully absorbed in the mellow of friendship. He
made a flute of a bamboo stick with sixteen knots.
PURPORT
Abhirama was an inhabitant of Khanakulakrsna-nagara.
Adi 10.117
TEXT 117
TEXT
prabhura ajnaya nityananda gaude calila
tanra sange tina-jana prabhu-ajnaya aila
SYNONYMS
prabhura ajnaya -- under the order of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
nityananda -- Lord Nityananda; gaude -- to Bengal; calila -- went back;
tanra sange -- in His company; tina-jana -- three men; prabhu-ajnaya --
under the order of the Lord; aila -- went.
TRANSLATION
By the order of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, three devotees accompanied Lord
Nityananda Prabhu when He returned to Bengal to preach.
Adi 10.118
TEXT 118
TEXT
ramadasa, madhava, ara vasudeva ghosa
prabhu-sange rahe govinda paiya santosa
SYNONYMS
ramadasa -- of the name Ramadasa; madhava -- of the name Madhava; ara --
and; vasudeva ghosa -- of the name Vasudeva Ghosh; prabhu-sange -- in
the company of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; rahe -- remained; govinda -- of
the name Govinda; paiya -- feeling; santosa -- great satisfaction.
TRANSLATION
These three were Ramadasa, Madhava and Vasudeva Ghosh. Govinda
Ghosh, however, remained with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri
and thus felt great satisfaction.
Adi 10.119
TEXT 119
TEXT
bhagavatacarya, ciranjiva sri-raghunandana
madhavacarya, kamalakanta, sri-yadunandana
SYNONYMS
bhagavatacarya -- of the name Bhagavatacarya; ciranjiva -- of
the name Ciranjiva; sri-raghunandana -- of the name Sri Raghunandana;
madhavacarya -- of the name Madhavacarya; kamalakanta -- of the name
Kamalakanta; sri-yadunandana -- of the name Sri Yadunandana.
TRANSLATION
Bhagavatacarya, Ciranjiva, Sri Raghunandana, Madhavacarya,
Kamalakanta and Sri Yadunandana were all among the branches of the
Caitanya tree.
PURPORT
Sri
Madhavacarya was the husband of Lord Nityananda's daughter, Gangadevi.
He took initiation from Purusottama, a branch of Nityananda Prabhu. It
is said that when Nityananda Prabhu's daughter married Madhavacarya, the
Lord gave him the village named Panjinagara as a dowry. His
temple is situated near the Jirat railway station on the eastern railway.
According to Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (169) Sri Madhavacarya was
formerly the gopi named Madhavi. Kamalakanta belonged to the branch of
Sri Advaita Prabhu. His full name was Kamalakanta Visvasa.
Adi 10.120
TEXT 120
TEXT
maha-krpa-patra prabhura jagai, madhai
'patita-pavana' namera saksi dui bhai
SYNONYMS
maha-krpa-patra -- object of very great mercy; prabhura -- of the Lord;
jagai madhai -- the two brothers Jagai and Madhai; patita-pavana --
deliverer of the fallen; namera -- of this name; saksi -- witness; dui
bhai -- these two brothers.
TRANSLATION
Jagai and Madhai, the eighty-ninth and nintieth branches of the tree,
were the greatest recipients of Lord Caitanya's mercy. These two
brothers were the witnesses who proved that Lord Caitanya was rightly
named Patita-pavana, "the deliverer of the fallen souls."
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (115) it is said that the two brothers
Jagai and Madhai were formerly the doorkeepers named Jaya and Vijaya,
who later became Hiranyaksa and Hiranyakasipu. Jagai and Madhai were
born in respectable brahmana families, but they adopted the professions
of thieves and rogues and thus became implicated in all kinds of
undesirable activities, especially woman hunting, intoxication and
gambling. Later, by the grace of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Sri
Nityananda Prabhu, they were initiated, and they got the chance to chant
the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. As a result of chanting, both brothers later
became exalted devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. The descendants of
Madhai still exist, and they are respectable brahmanas. The tombs of
these two brothers, Jagai and Madhai, are in a place known as Ghosahata,
or Madhaitala-grama, which is situated about one mile south of Katwa. It
is said that Sri Gopicarana dasa Babaji established a temple of Nitai-
Gaura at this place about 200 years ago.
Adi 10.121
TEXT 121
TEXT
gauda-desa-bhaktera kaila sanksepa kathana
ananta caitanya-bhakta na yaya ganana
SYNONYMS
gauda-desa -- in Bengal; bhaktera -- of the devotees; kaila -- I have
described; sanksepa -- in brief; kathana -- narration; ananta --
unlimited; caitanya-bhakta -- devotees of Lord Caitanya; na -- not; yaya
-- can be; ganana -- counted.
TRANSLATION
I have given a brief description of the devotees of Lord Caitanya in
Bengal. Actually His devotees are innumerable.
Adi 10.122
TEXT 122
TEXT
nilacale ei saba bhakta prabhu-sange
dui sthane prabhu-seva kaila nana-range
SYNONYMS
nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; ei -- these; saba -- all; bhakta --
devotees; prabhu-sange -- in the company of Lord Caitanya; dui sthane --
in two places; prabhu-seva -- service of the Lord; kaila -- executed;
nana-range -- in different ways.
TRANSLATION
I have especially mentioned all these devotees because they accompanied
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Bengal and Orissa and served Him in many
ways.
PURPORT
Most of the devotees of Lord Caitanya lived in Bengal and Orissa. Thus
they are celebrated as oriyas and gaudiyas. At present, however, by
the grace of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, His cult is being propagated all
over the world, and it is most probable that in the future history of
Lord Caitanya's movement, Europeans, Americans, Canadians, Australians,
South Americans, Asians and people from all over the world will be
celebrated as devotees of Lord Caitanya. The International Society for
Krishna Consciousness has already constructed a big temple at Mayapur,
Navadvipa, which is being visited by devotees from all parts of the
world, as foretold by Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and anticipated by Sri
Bhaktivinoda Thakura.
Adi 10.123
TEXT 123
TEXT
kevala nilacale prabhura ye ye bhakta-gana
sanksepe kariye kichu se saba kathana
SYNONYMS
kevala -- only; nilacale -- in Jagannatha Puri; prabhura -- of the Lord;
ye ye -- all those; bhakta-gana -- devotees; sanksepe -- in brief;
kariye -- I do; kichu -- some; se saba -- all those; kathana --
narration.
TRANSLATION
Let me briefly describe some of the devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
in Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.124-126
TEXTS 124-126
TEXT
nilacale prabhu-sange yata bhakta-gana
sabara adhyaksa prabhura marma dui-jana
paramananda-puri, ara svarupa-damodara
gadadhara, jagadananda, sankara, vakresvara
damodara pandita, thakura haridasa
raghunatha vaidya, ara raghunatha-dasa
SYNONYMS
nilacale -- in Jagannatha Puri; prabhu-sange -- in the company of Lord
Caitanya; yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees; sabara -- of all of them;
adhyaksa -- the chief; prabhura -- of the Lord; marma -- heart and soul;
dui-jana -- two persons; paramananda puri -- of the name Paramananda
Puri; ara -- and; svarupa-damodara -- of the name Svarupa Damodara;
gadadhara -- of the name Gadadhara; jagadananda -- of the name
Jagadananda; sankara -- of the name Sankara; vakresvara -- of the name
Vakresvara; damodara pandita -- of the name Damodara Pandita; thakura
haridasa -- of the name Thakura Haridasa; raghunatha vaidya -- of the
name Raghunatha Vaidya; ara -- and; raghunatha-dasa -- of the name
Raghunatha dasa.
TRANSLATION
Among the devotees who accompanied the Lord in Jagannatha Puri, two of
them -- Paramananda Puri and Svarupa Damodara -- were the heart and soul
of the Lord. Among the other devotees were Gadadhara, Jagadananda,
Sankara, Vakresvara, Damodara Pandita, Thakura Haridasa, Raghunatha
Vaidya and Raghunatha dasa.
PURPORT
The Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Five, states that
Raghunatha Vaidya came to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu when the Lord was
staying at Panihati. He was a great devotee and had all good qualities.
According to the Caitanya-bhagavata, he was formerly Revati, the wife of
Balarama. Anyone he glanced upon would immediately attain Krsna
consciousness. He lived on the seashore at Jagannatha Puri and compiled
a book of the name Sthana-nirupana.
Adi 10.127
TEXT 127
TEXT
ityadika purva-sangi bada bhakta-gana
nilacale rahi' kare prabhura sevana
SYNONYMS
ityadika -- all these and others; purva-sangi -- former associates;
bada -- very much; bhakta-gana -- great devotees; nilacale -- at
Jagannatha Puri; rahi' -- remaining; kare -- do; prabhura -- of the Lord;
sevana -- service.
TRANSLATION
All these devotees were associates of the Lord from the very beginning,
and when the Lord took up residence in Jagannatha Puri they remained
there to serve Him faithfully.
Adi 10.128
TEXT 128
TEXT
ara yata bhakta-gana gauda-desa-vasi
pratyabde prabhure dekhe nilacale asi'
SYNONYMS
ara -- others; yata -- all; bhakta-gana -- devotees; gauda-desa-vasi --
residents of Bengal; pratyabde -- each year; prabhure -- the Lord;
dekhe -- see; nilacale -- in Jagannatha Puri; asi' -- coming there.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees who resided in Bengal used to visit Jagannatha Puri
to see the Lord.
Adi 10.129
TEXT 129
TEXT
nilacale prabhu-saha prathama milana
sei bhakta-ganera ebe kariye ganana
SYNONYMS
nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; prabhu-saha -- with the Lord; prathama --
first; milana -- meeting; sei -- that; bhakta-ganera -- of the devotees;
ebe -- now; kariye -- I do; ganana -- count.
TRANSLATION
Now let me enumerate the devotees of Bengal who first came to see the
Lord at Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.130
TEXT 130
TEXT
bada-sakha eka, -- sarvabhauma bhattacarya
tanra bhagni-pati sri-gopinathacarya
SYNONYMS
bada-sakha eka -- one of the biggest branches; sarvabhauma bhattacarya --
of the name Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; tanra bhagni-pati -- his brother-
in-law (the husband of Sarvabhauma's sister); sri-gopinathacarya -- of
the name Sri Gopinathacarya.
TRANSLATION
There was Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, one of the biggest branches of the
tree of the Lord, and his sister's husband, Sri Gopinathacarya.
PURPORT
The original name of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was Vasudeva Bhattacarya.
His place of birth, which is known as Vidyanagara, is about two and a
half miles away from the Navadvipa railway station, or Canpahati railway
station. His father was a very celebrated man of the name Mahesvara
Visarada. It is said that Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was the greatest
logician of his time in India. At Mithila in Bihar he became a student
of a great professor named Paksadhara Misra, who did not allow any
student to note down his explanations of logic. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya
was so talented, however, that he learned the explanations by heart, and
when he later returned to Navadvipa he established a school for the
study of logic, thus diminishing the importance of Mithila. Students
from various parts of India still come to Navadvipa to study logic.
According to some authoritative opinions, the celebrated logician
Raghunatha Siromani was also a student of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. In
effect, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya became the leader of all students of
logic. Although he was a grhastha (householder), he even taught many
sannyasis in the knowledge of logic. He started a school at Jagannatha
Puri for the study of Vedanta philosophy, of which he was a great
scholar. When Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he
advised the Lord to learn Vedanta philosophy from him, but later he
became a student of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu to understand the real
meaning of Vedanta. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was so fortunate as to see
the six-armed form of Lord Caitanya known as Sadbhuja. A Sadbhuja Deity
is still situated at one end of the Jagannatha temple. Daily sankirtana
performances take place in this part of the temple. The meeting of
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya with Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu is vividly
described in the Madhya-lila, Chapter Six. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya wrote
a book named Caitanya-sataka. Of the 100 verses of this book, two verses,
beginning with the words vairagya-vidya-nijabhaktiyoga, are very famous
among Gaudiya Vaisnavas. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (119) states that
Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya was an incarnation of Brhaspati, the learned
scholar from the celestial planets.
Gopinatha Acarya, who belonged to a respectable brahmana family, was
also an inhabitant of Navadvipa and constant companion of the Lord. He
was the husband of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya's sister. In the Gaura-
ganoddesa-dipika (178) it is described that he was formerly the gopi
named Ratnavali. According to the opinion of others, he was an
incarnation of Brahma.
Adi 10.131
TEXT 131
TEXT
kasi-misra, pradyumna-misra, raya bhavananda
yanhara milane prabhu paila ananda
SYNONYMS
kasi-misra -- of the name Kasi Misra; pradyumna-misra -- of the name
Pradyumna Misra; raya bhavananda -- of the name Bhavananda Raya; yanhara
-- of whom; milane -- meeting; prabhu -- the Lord; paila -- got; ananda -
- great pleasure.
TRANSLATION
In the list of devotees at Jagannatha Puri [which begins with
Paramananda Puri, Svarupa Damodara, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya and
Gopinatha Acarya], Kasi Misra was the fifth, Pradyumna Misra the sixth
and Bhavananda Raya the seventh. Lord Caitanya took great pleasure in
meeting with them.
PURPORT
In Jagannatha Puri Lord Caitanya lived at the house of Kasi Misra, who
was the priest of the king. Later this house was inherited by Vakresvara
Pandita and then by his disciple Gopalaguru Gosvami, who established
there a Deity of Radhakanta. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (193)
states that Kasi Misra was formerly the gopi in Vrndavana named
Krsnavallabha. Pradyumna Misra, an inhabitant of Orissa, was a great
devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Pradyumna Misra was born of a
brahmana family and Ramananda Raya of a non-brahmana family, yet Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu advised Pradyumna Misra to take instruction from
Ramananda Raya. This incident is described in the Antya-lila, Chapter
Five.
Bhavananda Raya was the father of Sri Ramananda Raya. His residence was
in Alalanatha (Brahmagiri), which is about twelve miles west of
Jagannatha Puri. By caste he belonged to the karana community of Orissa,
whose members were sometimes known as kayasthas and sometimes as sudras,
but he was the governor of Madras under the control of
King Prataparudra of Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.132
TEXT 132
TEXT
alingana kari' tanre balila vacana
tumi pandu, panca-pandava -- tomara nandana
SYNONYMS
alingana kari' -- embracing; tanre -- unto him; balila -- said; vacana --
those words; tumi -- you; pandu -- were Pandu; panca -- five; pandava --
the Pandavas; tomara -- your; nandana -- sons.
TRANSLATION
Embracing Raya Bhavananda, the Lord declared to him: "You formerly
appeared as Pandu, and your five sons appeared as the five Pandavas."
Adi 10.133
TEXT 133
TEXT
ramananda raya, pattanayaka gopinatha
kalanidhi, sudhanidhi, nayaka vaninatha
SYNONYMS
ramananda raya -- of the name Ramananda Raya; pattanayaka gopinatha --
of the name Pattanayaka Gopinatha; kalanidhi -- of the name Kalanidhi;
sudhanidhi -- of the name Sudhanidhi; nayaka vaninatha -- of the name
Nayaka Vaninatha.
TRANSLATION
The five sons of Bhavananda Raya were Ramananda Raya, Pattanayaka
Gopinatha, Kalanidhi, Sudhanidhi and Nayaka Vaninatha.
Adi 10.134
TEXT 134
TEXT
ei panca putra tomara mora priyapatra
ramananda saha mora deha-bheda matra
SYNONYMS
ei -- these; panca -- five; putra -- sons; tomara -- your; mora -- Mine;
priyapatra -- very dear; ramananda saha -- with Sri Ramananda Raya;
mora -- Mine; deha-bheda -- bodily difference; matra -- only.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu told Bhavananda Raya, "Your five sons are all My
dear devotees. Ramananda Raya and I are one, although our bodies are
different."
PURPORT
The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (120-124) states that Ramananda Raya was
formerly Arjuna. He is also considered to have been an incarnation of
the gopi Lalita, although in the opinion of others he was an incarnation
of Visakhadevi. He was a most confidential devotee of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Although I am a sannyasi, My
mind is sometimes perturbed when I see a woman. But Ramananda Raya is
greater than Me, for he is always undisturbed, even when he touches a
woman." Only Ramananda Raya was endowed with the prerogative to touch a
woman in this way; no one should imitate him. Unfortunately, there are
rascals who imitate the activities of Ramananda Raya. We need not
discuss them further.
In Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's final pastimes, both Ramananda Raya and
Svarupa Damodara always engaged in reciting suitable verses from Srimad-
Bhagavatam to pacify the Lord's ecstatic feelings of
separation from Krsna. It is said that when Lord Caitanya went to
southern India, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya advised Him to meet Ramananda
Raya, for he declared that there was no devotee as advanced in
understanding the conjugal love of Krsna and the gopis. While touring
South India, Lord Caitanya met Ramananda Raya by the bank of the
Godavari, and in their long discourses the Lord took the position of a
student, and Ramananda Raya instructed Him. Caitanya Mahaprabhu
concluded these discourses by saying, "My dear Ramananda Raya, both you
and I are madmen, and therefore we met intimately on an equal level."
Lord Caitanya advised Ramananda Raya to resign from his government post
and come back to Jagannatha Puri to live with Him. Although Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu refused to see Maharaja Prataparudra because he was a king,
Ramananda Raya, by a Vaisnava scheme, arranged a meeting between the
Lord and the King. This is described in the Madhya-lila, Chapter Twelve,
verses 41-57. Sri Ramananda Raya was present during the water sports of
the Lord after the Ratha-yatra festival.
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu considered Sri Ramananda Raya and Sri
Sanatana Gosvami to be equal in their renunciation, for although Sri
Ramananda Raya was a grhastha engaged in government service and Sri
Sanatana Gosvami was in the renounced order of complete detachment from
material activities, they were both servants of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead who kept Krsna in the center of all their activities. Sri
Ramananda Raya was one of the three and a half personalities with whom
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu discussed the most confidential topics of Krsna
consciousness. Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu advised Pradyumna Misra to learn
the science of Krsna from Sri Ramananda Raya. As Subala always assisted
Krsna in His dealings with Radharani in krsna-lila, so Ramananda Raya
assisted Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu in His feelings of separation from
Krsna. Sri Ramananda Raya was the author of Jagannatha-vallabha-
nataka.
Adi 10.135-136
TEXTS 135-136
TEXT
prataparudra raja, ara odhra krsnananda
paramananda mahapatra, odhra sivananda
bhagavan acarya, brahmanandakhya bharati
sri-sikhi mahiti, ara murari mahiti
SYNONYMS
prataparudra raja -- King Prataparudra of Orissa; ara -- and; odhra
krsnananda -- Krsnananda, an Oriya devotee; paramananda mahapatra -- of
the name Paramananda Mahapatra; odhra sivananda -- the Oriya Sivananda;
bhagavan acarya -- of the name Bhagavan Acarya; brahmananda-akhya
bharati -- of the name Brahmananda Bharati; sri-sikhi mahiti
-- of the name Sri Sikhi Mahiti; ara -- and; murari mahiti -- of the
name Murari Mahiti.
TRANSLATION
King Prataparudra of Orissa, the Oriya devotees Krsnananda and Sivananda,
Paramananda Mahapatra, Bhagavan Acarya, Brahmananda Bharati, Sri
Sikhi Mahiti and Murari Mahiti constantly associated with Caitanya
Mahaprabhu while He resided in Jagannatha Puri.
PURPORT
Prataparudra Maharaja, who belonged to the dynasty of the Ganga kings
and whose capital was in Cuttak, was the Emperor of Orissa and a great
devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. It was by the arrangement of
Ramananda Raya and Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya that he was able to
serve Lord Caitanya. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (118) it
is said that King Indradyumna, who established the temple of Jagannatha
thousands of years ago, later took birth again in his own family as
Maharaja Prataparudra during the time of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Maharaja Prataparudra was as powerful as King Indra. The drama named
Caitanya-candrodaya was written under his direction.
In the Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Five, Paramananda
Mahapatra is described as follows: "Paramananda Mahapatra was among the
devotees who took birth in Orissa and accepted Caitanya Mahaprabhu as
their only asset. In the ecstasy of conjugal love, he always thought of
Caitanya Mahaprabhu." Bhagavan Acarya, a very learned scholar, was
formerly an inhabitant of Halisahara, but he left everything to live
with Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Jagannatha Puri. His relationship with
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was friendly, like that of a cowherd boy. He was
always friendly to Svarupa Gosani, but he was staunchly devoted to the
lotus feet of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He sometimes invited Caitanya
Mahaprabhu to his house.
Bhagavan Acarya was very liberal and simple. His father, Satananda Khan,
was completely materialistic, and his younger brother, Gopala
Bhattacarya, was a staunch Mayavadi philosopher who had studied very
elaborately. When his brother came to Jagannatha Puri, Bhagavan Acarya
wanted to hear from him about Mayavada philosophy, but Svarupa Damodara
forbade him to do so, and there the matter stopped. Once a friend of
Bhagavan Acarya's from Bengal wanted to recite a drama that he had
written that was against the principles of devotional service, and
although Bhagavan Acarya wanted to recite this drama before Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Svarupa Damodara, the Lord's secretary, did not
allow him to do so. Later Svarupa Damodara pointed out in the drama
many mistakes and disagreements with the conclusion of devotional
service, and the author became aware of the faults in his writing and
then surrendered to Svarupa Damodara, begging his mercy. This is
described in the Antya-lila, Chapter Five, verses 91-166.
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 189, it is said that Sikhi Mahiti
was formerly an assistant of Srimati Radharani named Ragalekha. His
sister Madhavi was also an assistant of Srimati Radharani and was named
Kalakeli. Sikhi Mahiti, Madhavi and their brother Murari Mahiti were all
unalloyed devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu who could not forget Him
for a moment of their lives. There is a book in the Oriya language
called Caitanya-carita-mahakavya in which there are many narrations
about Sikhi Mahiti. One narration concerns his seeing an ecstatic dream.
Sikhi Mahiti always engaged in serving the Lord in his mind. One night,
while he was rendering such service, he fell asleep, and while he was
asleep his brother and sister came to awaken him. At that time he was in
full ecstasy because he was having a wonderful dream that Lord Caitanya,
while visiting the temple of Jagannatha, was entering and again coming
out of the body of Jagannatha and looking at the Jagannatha Deity. Thus
as soon as he awakened he embraced his brother and sister and informed
them, "My dear brother and sister, I have had a wonderful dream that I
shall now explain to you. The activities of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
the son of Mother Saci, are certainly most wonderful. I saw that Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, while visiting the temple of Jagannatha, was
entering the body of Jagannatha and again coming out of His body. I am
still seeing the same dream. Do you think I have become deranged? I am
still seeing the same dream! And the most wonderful thing is that as
soon as I came near Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He embraced me with His long
arms." As he spoke to his brother and sister in this way,
Sikhi Mahiti's voice faltered, and there were tears in his eyes. Thus
the brothers and sister went to the temple of Jagannatha, and there they
saw Lord Caitanya in Jagamohana, looking at the beauty
of Sri Jagannatha Deity just as in Sikhi Mahiti's dream. The Lord
was so magnanimous that immediately He embraced Sikhi Mahiti,
exclaiming, "You are the elder brother of Murari!" Being thus embraced,
Sikhi Mahiti felt ecstatic transcendental bliss. Thus he and his brother
and sister always engaged in rendering service to the Lord. Murari
Mahiti, the youngest brother of Sikhi Mahiti, is described in the Madhya-
lila, Chapter Ten, verse 44.
Adi 10.137
TEXT 137
TEXT
madhavi-devi -- sikhi-mahitira bhagini
sri-radhara dasi-madhye yanra nama gani
SYNONYMS
madhavi-devi -- of the name Madhavidevi; sikhi-mahitira -- of Sikhi
Mahiti; bhagini -- sister; sri-radhara -- of Srimati Radharani; dasi-
madhye -- amongst the maidservants; yanra -- whose; nama -- name; gani --
count.
TRANSLATION
Madhavidevi, the seventeenth of the prominent devotees, was the younger
sister of Sikhi Mahiti. She is considered to have formerly been a
maidservant of Srimati Radharani.
PURPORT
In the Antya-lila of Caitanya-caritamrta, Chapter Two, verses 104-106,
there is a description of Madhavidevi. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
considered her to be one of the maidservants of Srimati Radharani.
Within this world, Caitanya Mahaprabhu had three and a half very
confidential devotees. The three were Svarupa Gosani, Sri Ramananda Raya
and Sikhi Mahiti, and Sikhi Mahiti's sister, Madhavidevi, being a woman,
was considered to be the half. Thus it is known that Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu had three and a half confidential devotees.
Adi 10.138
TEXT 138
TEXT
isvara-purira sisya -- brahmacari kasisvara
sri-govinda nama tanra priya anucara
SYNONYMS
isvara-purira sisya -- disciple of Isvara Puri; brahmacari kasisvara --
of the name Brahmacari Kasisvara; sri-govinda -- of the name Sri Govinda;
nama -- name; tanra -- his; priya -- very dear; anucara -- follower.
TRANSLATION
Brahmacari Kasisvara was a disciple of Isvara Puri, and Sri Govinda was
another of his dear disciples.
PURPORT
Govinda was the personal servant of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. In the
Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verse 137, it is stated that the servants
formerly named Bhrngara and Bhangura in Vrndavana became Kasisvara and
Govinda in Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes. Govinda always engaged in the
service of the Lord, even at great risk.
Adi 10.139
TEXT 139
TEXT
tanra siddhi-kale donhe tanra ajna pana
nilacale prabhu-sthane milila asiya
SYNONYMS
tanra siddhi-kale -- at the time of Isvara Puri's passing away; donhe --
the two of them; tanra -- his; ajna -- order; pana -- getting; nilacale -
- at Jagannatha Puri; prabhu-sthane -- at the place of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; milila -- met; asiya -- coming there.
TRANSLATION
In the list of prominent devotees at Nilacala [Jagannatha Puri],
Kasisvara was the eighteenth and Govinda the nineteenth. They both came
to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri, being thus ordered by
Isvara Puri at the time of his passing away.
Adi 10.140
TEXT 140
TEXT
gurura sambandhe manya kaila dunhakare
tanra ajna mani' seva dilena donhare
SYNONYMS
gurura sambandhe -- in relationship with His spiritual master; manya --
honor; kaila -- offered; dunhakare -- to both of them; tanra ajna -- his
order; mani' -- accepting; seva -- service; dilena -- gave them; donhare
-- the two of them.
TRANSLATION
Both Kasisvara and Govinda were Godbrothers of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
and thus the Lord duly honored them as soon as they arrived. But because
Isvara Puri had ordered them to give Caitanya Mahaprabhu personal
service, the Lord accepted their service.
Adi 10.141
TEXT 141
TEXT
anga-seva govindere dilena isvara
jagannatha dekhite calena age kasisvara
SYNONYMS
anga-seva -- taking care of the body; govindere -- unto Govinda; dilena -
- He gave; isvara -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; jagannatha --
the Jagannatha Deity; dekhite -- while going to visit; calena -- goes;
age -- in front; kasisvara -- of the name Kasisvara.
TRANSLATION
Govinda cared for the body of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu whereas Kasisvara
went in front of the Lord when He went to see Jagannatha in the temple.
Adi 10.142
TEXT 142
TEXT
aparasa yaya gosani manusya-gahane
manusya theli' patha kare kasi balavane
SYNONYMS
aparasa -- untouched; yaya -- goes; gosani -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
manusya-gahane -- in the crowd; manusya theli' -- pushing the crowd of
men; patha kare -- clears the way; kasi -- Kasisvara; balavane -- very
strong.
TRANSLATION
When Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the temple of Jagannatha, Kasisvara,
being very strong, cleared the crowds aside with his hands so that
Caitanya Mahaprabhu could pass untouched.
Adi 10.143
TEXT 143
TEXT
ramai-nandai -- donhe prabhura kinkara
govindera sange seva kare nirantara
SYNONYMS
ramai-nandai -- of the names Ramai and Nandai; donhe -- both of them;
prabhura -- Lord Caitanya's; kinkara -- servants; govindera -- with
Govinda; sange -- with him; seva -- service; kare -- rendered; nirantara
-- twenty-four hours a day.
TRANSLATION
Ramai and Nandai, the twentieth and twenty-first among the important
devotees in Jagannatha Puri, always assisted Govinda twenty-four hours a
day in rendering service to the Lord.
Adi 10.144
TEXT 144
TEXT
baisa ghada jala dine bharena ramai
govinda-ajnaya seva karena nandai
SYNONYMS
baisa -- twenty-two; ghada -- big water pots; jala -- water; dine --
daily; bharena -- fills; ramai -- of the name Ramai; govinda-ajnaya --
by the order of Govinda; seva -- service; karena -- renders; nandai --
of the name Nandai.
TRANSLATION
Every day Ramai filled twenty-two big water pots, whereas Nandai
personally assisted Govinda.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (139) it is stated that two servants who
formerly supplied milk and water to Lord Krsna became Ramai and Nandai
in the pastimes of Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.145
TEXT 145
TEXT
krsnadasa nama suddha kulina brahmana
yare sange laiya kaila daksina gamana
SYNONYMS
krsnadasa -- of the name Krsnadasa; nama -- name; suddha -- pure;
kulina -- respectable; brahmana -- brahmana; yare -- whom; sange --
with; laiya -- taking; kaila -- did; daksina -- southern India; gamana --
touring.
TRANSLATION
The twenty-second devotee, Krsnadasa, was born of a pure and respectable
brahmana family. While touring southern India, Lord Caitanya took
Krsnadasa with Him.
PURPORT
Krsnadasa is described in the Madhya-lila, Chapters Seven and Nine. He
went with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to carry His water pot. In the
Malabar state, members of the Bhattathari cult tried to captivate
Krsnadasa by supplying a woman to seduce him, but although Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu saved him from being harmed, when they returned to Jagannatha
Puri He asked Krsnadasa to remain there, for the
Lord was never favorably disposed toward an associate who was attracted
by a woman. Thus Krsnadasa lost the personal association of Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.146
TEXT 146
TEXT
balabhadra bhattacarya -- bhakti adhikari
mathura-gamane prabhura yenho brahmacari
SYNONYMS
ballabhadra bhattacarya -- of the name Balabhadra Bhattacarya; bhakti
adhikari -- bona fide devotee; mathura-gamane -- while touring Mathura;
prabhura -- of the Lord; yenho -- who; brahmacari -- acted as a
brahmacari.
TRANSLATION
As a bona fide devotee, Balabhadra Bhattacarya, the twenty-third
principal associate, acted as the brahmacari of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
when He toured Mathura.
PURPORT
Balabhadra Bhattacarya acted as a brahmacari, or personal assistant of a
sannyasi. A sannyasi is not supposed to cook. Generally a sannyasi takes
prasada at the house of a grhastha, and a brahmacari helps in this
connection. A sannyasi is supposed to be a spiritual master and a
brahmacari his disciple. Balabhadra Bhattacarya acted as a brahmacari
for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu when the Lord toured Mathura and Vrndavana.
Adi 10.147
TEXT 147
TEXT
bada haridasa, ara chota haridasa
dui kirtaniya rahe mahaprabhura pasa
SYNONYMS
bada haridasa -- of the name Bada Haridasa; ara -- and; chota haridasa --
of the name Chota Haridasa; dui kirtaniya -- both of them were good
singers; rahe -- stay; mahaprabhura -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
pasa -- with.
TRANSLATION
Bada Haridasa and Chota Haridasa, the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth
devotees in Nilacala, were good singers who always accompanied Lord
Caitanya.
PURPORT
Chota Haridasa was later banished from the company of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, as stated in the Antya-lila, Chapter Two.
Adi 10.148
TEXT 148
TEXT
ramabhadracarya, ara odhra simhesvara
tapana acarya, ara raghu, nilambara
SYNONYMS
ramabhadracarya -- of the name Ramabhadra Acarya; ara -- and; odhra --
resident of Orissa; simhesvara -- of the name Simhesvara; tapana acarya -
- of the name Tapana Acarya; ara raghu -- and another Raghunatha;
nilambara -- of the name Nilambara.
TRANSLATION
Among the devotees who lived with Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha
Puri, Ramabhadra Acarya was the twenty-sixth, Simhesvara the twenty-
seventh, Tapana Acarya the twenty-eighth, Raghunatha the
twenty-ninth and Nilambara the thirtieth.
Adi 10.149
TEXT 149
TEXT
singabhatta, kamabhatta, dantura sivananda
gaude purva bhrtya prabhura priya kamalananda
SYNONYMS
singabhatta -- of the name Singabhatta; kamabhatta -- of the name
Kamabhatta; dantura sivananda -- of the name Dantura Sivananda; gaude --
in Bengal; purva -- formerly; bhrtya -- servant; prabhura -- of the Lord;
priya -- very dear; kamalananda -- of the name Kamalananda.
TRANSLATION
Singabhatta was the thirty-first, Kamabhatta the thirty-second,
Sivananda the thirty-third and Kamalananda the thirty-fourth. They all
formerly served Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Bengal, but later these
servants left Bengal to live with the Lord in Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.150
TEXT 150
TEXT
acyutananda -- advaita-acarya-tanaya
nilacale rahe prabhura carana asraya
SYNONYMS
acyutananda -- of the name Acyutananda; advaita-acarya-tanaya -- the son
of Advaita Acarya; nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri; rahe -- stays;
prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; carana -- lotus feet; asraya --
taking shelter.
TRANSLATION
Acyutananda, the thirty-fifth devotee, was the son of Advaita Acarya. He
also lived with Lord Caitanya, taking shelter of His lotus feet at
Jagannatha Puri.
PURPORT
There is a statement about Acyutananda in Chapter Twelve, verse 13, of
Adi-lila.
Adi 10.151
TEXT 151
TEXT
nirloma gangadasa, ara visnudasa
ei sabera prabhu-sange nilacale vasa
SYNONYMS
nirloma gangadasa -- of the name Nirloma Gangadasa; ara -- and;
visnudasa -- of the name Visnudasa; ei sabera -- of all of them; prabhu-
sange -- with Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nilacale -- at Jagannatha Puri;
vasa -- residence.
TRANSLATION
Nirloma Gangadasa and Visnudasa were the thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh
among the devotees who lived at Jagannatha Puri as servants of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.152-154
TEXTS 152-154
TEXT
varanasi-madhye prabhura bhakta tina jana
candrasekhara vaidya, ara misra tapana
raghunatha bhattacarya -- misrera nandana
prabhu yabe kasi aila dekhi' vrndavana
candrasekhara-grhe kaila dui masa vasa
tapana-misrera ghare bhiksa dui masa
SYNONYMS
varanasi-madhye -- at Varanasi; prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu;
bhakta -- devotees; tina jana -- three persons; candrasekhara vaidya --
the clerk of the name Candrasekhara; ara -- and; misra tapana -- Tapana
Misra; raghunatha bhattacarya -- of the name Raghunatha Bhattacarya;
misrera nandana -- the son of Tapana Misra; prabhu -- Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; yabe -- when; kasi -- Varanasi; aila -- came; dekhi' --
after visiting; vrndavana -- the holy place;
candrasekhara grhe -- in the house of Candrasekhara Vaidya; kaila -- did;
dui masa -- for two months; vasa -- reside; tapana-misrera -- of Tapana
Misra; ghare -- in the house; bhiksa -- accepted prasada; dui masa --
for two months.
TRANSLATION
The prominent devotees at Varanasi were the physician Candrasekhara,
Tapana Misra and Raghunatha Bhattacarya, Tapana Misra's son. When Lord
Caitanya came to Varanasi after seeing Vrndavana, for two months He
lived at the residence of Candrasekhara Vaidya and accepted prasada at
the house of Tapana Misra.
PURPORT
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was in Bengal, Tapana Misra approached Him
to discuss spiritual advancement. Thus he was favored by Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and received hari-nama initiation. After that, by the order
of the Lord, Tapana Misra resided in Varanasi, and when Lord Caitanya
visited Varanasi He stayed at the home of Tapana Misra.
Adi 10.155
TEXT 155
TEXT
raghunatha balye kaila prabhura sevana
ucchista-marjana ara pada-samvahana
SYNONYMS
raghunatha -- Raghunatha, the son of Tapana Misra; balye -- in his
boyhood; kaila -- did; prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya; sevana -- rendering
service; ucchista-marjana -- washing the dishes; ara -- and; pada-
samvahana -- massaging the feet.
TRANSLATION
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu stayed at the house of Tapana Misra,
Raghunatha Bhatta, who was then a boy, washed His dishes and massaged
His legs.
Adi 10.156
TEXT 156
TEXT
bada haile nilacale gela prabhura sthane
asta-masa rahila bhiksa dena kona dine
SYNONYMS
bada haile -- when he grew to be a young man; nilacale -- at Jagannatha
Puri; gela -- went; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; sthane -
- at the place; asta-masa -- eight months; rahila -- stayed; bhiksa --
prasada; dena -- gave; kona dine -- some days.
TRANSLATION
When Raghunatha grew to be a young man, he visited Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri and stayed there for eight months.
Sometimes he offered prasada to the Lord.
Adi 10.157
TEXT 157
TEXT
prabhura ajna pana vrndavanere aila
asiya sri-rupa-gosanira nikate rahila
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; ajna -- order; pana --
receiving; vrndavanere -- to Vrndavana; aila -- he came; asiya -- coming
there; sri-rupa-gosanira -- of Srila Rupa Gosvami; nikate -- at his
shelter; rahila -- remained.
TRANSLATION
Later, by the order of Lord Caitanya, Raghunatha went to Vrndavana and
remained there under the shelter of Srila Rupa Gosvami.
Adi 10.158
TEXT 158
TEXT
tanra sthane rupa-gosani sunena bhagavata
prabhura krpaya tenho krsna-preme matta
SYNONYMS
tanra sthane -- in his place; rupa-gosani -- Srila Rupa Gosvami; sunena -
- heard; bhagavata -- the recitation of Srimad-Bhagavatam; prabhura
krpaya -- by the mercy of Lord Caitanya; tenho -- he; krsna-preme -- in
love of Krsna; matta -- always maddened.
TRANSLATION
While he stayed with Srila Rupa Gosvami, his engagement was to recite
Srimad-Bhagavatam for him to hear. As a result of this Bhagavatam
recitation, he attained perfectional love of Krsna, by which he remained
always maddened.
PURPORT
Raghunatha Bhattacarya, or Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami, one of the six
Gosvamis, was the son of Tapana Misra. Born in approximately 1425
sakabda, he was expert in reciting Srimad-Bhagavatam, and in
the Antya-lila, Chapter Thirty, it is stated that he was also expert
in cooking; whatever he cooked would be nectarean. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu was greatly pleased to accept the foodstuffs that he cooked,
and Raghunatha Bhatta used to take the remnants of foodstuffs left by
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Raghunatha Bhattacarya lived for eight months
in Jagannatha Puri, after which Lord Caitanya ordered him to go to
Vrndavana to join Sri Rupa Gosvami. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked
Raghunatha Bhattacarya not to marry but to remain a brahmacari, and He
also ordered him to read Srimad-Bhagavatam constantly. Thus he went to
Vrndavana, where he engaged in reciting Srimad-Bhagavatam to Srila Rupa
Gosvami. He was so expert in reciting Srimad-Bhagavatam that he would
recite each and every verse in three melodious tunes. While Raghunatha
Bhatta Gosvami was living with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord blessed
him by offering him betel nuts offered to the Jagannatha Deity and a
garland of tulasi said to be as long as fourteen cubits. The Govinda
temple was constructed by Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami's order to one of
his disciples. Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami
supplied all the ornaments of the Govinda Deity. He never talked of
nonsense or worldly matters but always engaged in hearing about Krsna
twenty-four hours a day. He never cared to hear blasphemy of a Vaisnava.
Even when there were points to be criticized, he used to say that since
all the Vaisnavas were engaged in the service of the Lord, he did not
mind their faults. Later Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami lived by
Radhakunda in a small cottage. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika,
verse 185, it is said that Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami was formerly the
gopi named Raga-manjari.
Adi 10.159
TEXT 159
TEXT
ei-mata sankhyatita caitanya-bhakta-gana
dinmatra likhi, samyak na yaya kathana
SYNONYMS
ei-mata -- in this way; sankhya-atita -- innumerable; caitanya-bhakta-
gana -- devotees of Lord Caitanya; dinmatra -- only a fractional
part; likhi -- I write; samyak -- full; na -- cannot; yaya -- be
possible; kathana -- to explain.
TRANSLATION
I list in this way only a portion of the innumerable devotees of Lord
Caitanya. To describe them all fully is not possible.
Adi 10.160
TEXT 160
TEXT
ekaika-sakhate lage koti koti dala
tara sisya-upasisya, tara upadala
SYNONYMS
ekaika -- in each; sakhate -- branch; lage -- grow; koti koti --
hundreds and thousands; dala -- twigs; tara -- his; sisya -- disciple;
upasisya -- sub-disciple; tara -- his; upadala -- sub-
branches.
TRANSLATION
From each branch of the tree have grown hundreds and thousands of
sub-branches of disciples and grand-disciples.
PURPORT
It was the desire of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu that His cult be spread
all over the world. Therefore there is a great necessity for many, many
disciples of the branches of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's disciplic
succession. His cult should be spread not only in a few villages, or in
Bengal, or in India, but all over the world. It is very much regrettable
that complacent so-called devotees criticize the members of the
International Society for Krishna Consciousness for accepting sannyasa
and spreading the cult of Lord Caitanya all over the world. It is not
our business to criticize anyone, but because they try to find fault
with this movement, the real truth must be stated. Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu wanted devotees all over the world, and Srila Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Thakura and Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura also confirmed this. It
is in pursuit of their will that the ISKCON movement is spreading all
over the world. Genuine devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu must take
pride in the spread of Krsna consciousness movement instead of
viciously criticizing its propaganda work.
Adi 10.161
TEXT 161
TEXT
sakala bhariya ache prema-phula-phale
bhasaila tri-jagat krsna-prema-jale
SYNONYMS
sakala -- all; bhariya -- filled; ache -- there is; prema -- love of
Godhead; phula -- flowers; phale -- fruits; bhasaila -- inundated; tri-
jagat -- the whole world; krsna-prema -- of love of Krsna; jale -- with
water.
TRANSLATION
Every branch and sub-branch of the tree is full of innumerable
fruits and flowers. They inundate the world with the waters of love of
Krsna.
Adi 10.162
TEXT 162
TEXT
eka eka sakhara sakti ananta mahima
'sahasra vadane' yara dite nare sima
SYNONYMS
eka eka -- of each and every; sakhara -- branch; sakti -- power; ananta -
- unlimited; mahima -- glories; sahasra vadane -- in thousands of mouths;
yara -- of which; dite -- to give; nare -- becomes unable; sima --
limit.
TRANSLATION
Each and every branch of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's devotees has
unlimited spiritual power and glory. Even if one had thousands of mouths,
it would be impossible to describe the limits of their activities.
Adi 10.163
TEXT 163
TEXT
sanksepe kahila mahaprabhura bhakta-gana
samagra balite nare 'sahasra-vadana'
SYNONYMS
sanksepe -- in brief; kahila -- described; mahaprabhura -- of Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhakta-gana -- the devotees; samagra -- all; balite
-- to speak; nare -- cannot; sahasra-vadana -- Lord Sesa, who has
thousands of mouths.
TRANSLATION
I have briefly described the devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu in
different places. Even Lord Sesa, who has thousands of mouths, could not
list them all.
Adi 10.164
TEXT 164
TEXT
sri-rupa-raghunatha-pade yara asa
caitanya-caritamrta kahe krsnadasa
SYNONYMS
sri-rupa -- Srila Rupa Gosvami; raghunatha -- Sri Raghunatha dasa
Gosvami; pade -- at the lotus feet; yara -- whose; asa -- expectation;
caitanya-caritamrta -- the book named Caitanya-caritamrta; kahe --
describes; krsnadasa -- Srila Krsnadasa Gosvami.
TRANSLATION
Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and Sri Raghunatha, always
desiring their mercy, I, Krsnadasa, narrate Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
following in their footsteps.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Adi-
lila, Chapter Ten, in the matter of the Main Trunk of the Caitanya
Tree, Its Branches and Its Sub-branches.
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Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Subbranches of the
Caitanya Tree
Chapter 10:
The Trunk, Branches and Subbranches of the Caitanya Tree
This chapter describes the branches of the tree named Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.1
TEXT 1
TEXT
sri-caitanya-padambhoja-
madhupebhyo namo namah
kathancid asrayad yesam
svapi tad-gandha-bhag bhavet
SYNONYMS
sri-caitanya -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; pada-ambhoja -- the
lotus feet; madhu -- honey; pebhyah -- unto those who drink; namah --
respectful obeisances; namah -- respectful obeisances; kathancit -- a
little of it; asrayat -- taking shelter of; yesam -- of whom; sva -- dog;
api -- also; tat-gandha -- the aroma of the lotus flower; bhak --
shareholder; bhavet -- may become.
TRANSLATION
Let me repeatedly offer my respectful obeisances unto the beelike
devotees who always taste the honey of the lotus feet of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. If even a doggish nondevotee somehow takes shelter of such
devotees, he enjoys the aroma of the lotus flower.
PURPORT
The example of a dog is very significant in this connection. A dog
naturally does not become a devotee at any time, but still it is
sometimes found that a dog of a devotee gradually becomes a devotee also.
We have actually seen that a dog has no respect even for the tulasi
plant. Indeed, a dog is especially inclined to pass urine on the tulasi
plant. Therefore the dog is the number one nondevotee. But Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's sankirtana movement is so strong that even a doglike
nondevotee can gradually become a devotee by the association of a
devotee of Lord Caitanya. Srila Sivananda Sena, a great householder
devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, attracted a dog on the street while
going to Jagannatha Puri. The dog began to follow him and ultimately
went to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu and was liberated. Similarly, cats and
dogs in the household of Srivasa Thakura were also liberated. Cats and
dogs and other animals are not expected to become devotees, but in the
association of a pure devotee they are also delivered.
Adi 10.2
TEXT 2
TEXT
jaya jaya sri-krsna-caitanya-nityananda
jayadvaitacandra jaya gaura-bhakta-vrnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya -- all glories; sri-krsna-caitanya -- to Lord Sri Krsna
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; nityananda -- Lord Nityananda; jaya advaita-
candra -- all glories to Advaita Prabhu; jaya -- all glories; gaura-
bhakta-vrnda -- to the devotees of Lord Caitanya, headed by Srivasa.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda! All glories
to Advaita Prabhu, and all glories to the devotees of Lord Caitanya,
headed by Srivasa!
Adi 10.3
TEXT 3
TEXT
ei malira -- ei vrksera akathya kathana
ebe suna mukhya-sakhara nama-vivarana
SYNONYMS
ei malira -- of this gardener; ei vrksera -- of this tree; akathya
kathana -- inconceivable description; ebe -- now; suna -- hear; mukhya --
chief; sakhara -- branches; nama -- of the names; vivarana --
description.
TRANSLATION
The description of Lord Caitanya as the gardener and the tree is
inconceivable. Now hear with attention about the branches of this tree.
Adi 10.4
TEXT 4
TEXT
caitanya-gosanira yata parisada-caya
guru-laghu-bhava tanra na haya niscaya
SYNONYMS
caitanya -- Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gosanira -- of the supreme
spiritual master; yata -- all; parisada-caya -- groups of associates;
guru-laghu-bhava -- conceptions of high and low; tanra -- of them; na --
never; haya -- become; niscaya -- ascertained.
TRANSLATION
The associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu were many, but none of them
should be considered lower or higher. This cannot be ascertained.
Adi 10.5
TEXT 5
TEXT
yata yata mahanta kaila tan-sabara ganana
keha karibare nare jyestha-laghu-krama
SYNONYMS
yata yata -- as many as there are; mahanta -- great devotees; kaila --
made; tan-sabara -- of all of them; ganana -- counting; keha -- all of
them; karibare nare -- can not do; jyestha -- elder; laghu -- younger;
krama -- chronology.
TRANSLATION
All the great personalities in the line of Lord Caitanya enumerated
these devotees, but they could not distinguish between the greater and
the lesser.
Adi 10.6
TEXT 6
TEXT
ataeva tan-sabare kari' namaskara
nama-matra kari, dosa na labe amara
SYNONYMS
ataeva -- therefore; tan-sabare -- to all of them; kari' -- doing;
namaskara -- offer my obeisances; nama-matra -- that is also a token;
kari -- I do; dosa -- fault; na -- do not; labe -- take; amara -- of me.
TRANSLATION
I offer my obeisances unto them as a token of respect. I request them
not to consider my offenses.
Adi 10.7
TEXT 7
TEXT
vande sri-krsna-caitanya-
premamara-taroh priyan
sakha-rupan bhakta-ganan
krsna-prema-phala-pradan
SYNONYMS
vande -- I offer my obeisances; sri-krsna-caitanya -- to Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; prema-amara-taroh -- of the eternal tree full of
love of Godhead; priyan -- those who are devotees; sakha-rupan --
represented as branches; bhakta-ganan -- all the devotees; krsna-prema --
of love of Krsna; phala -- of the fruit; pradan -- the givers.
TRANSLATION
I offer my obeisances to all the dear devotees of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the eternal tree of love of Godhead. I offer my respects to
all the branches of the tree, the devotees of the Lord who distribute
the fruit of love of Krsna.
PURPORT
Sri Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami sets the example of offering obeisances
to all the preacher devotees of Lord Caitanya, without distinction as to
higher and lower. Unfortunately, at present there are many foolish so-
called devotees of Lord Caitanya who make such distinctions. For example,
the title "Prabhupada" is offered to a spiritual master, especially to
a distinguished spiritual master such as Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada,
Srila Jiva Gosvami Prabhupada or Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami
Prabhupada. When our disciples similarly wanted to address their
spiritual master as Prabhupada, some foolish people became envious. Not
considering the propaganda work of the Hare Krsna movement, simply
because these disciples addressed their spiritual master as Prabhupada
they became so envious that they formed a faction along with other such
envious persons just to minimize the value of the Krsna consciousness
movement. To chastise such fools, Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami very
frankly says, keha karibare nare jyestha-laghu-krama. Anyone who is a
bona fide preacher of the cult of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu must be
respectful to the real devotees of Lord Caitanya; one should not be
envious, considering one preacher to be very great and another to be
very lowly. This is a material distinction and has no place on the
platform of spiritual activities. Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami therefore
offers equal respect to all the preachers of the cult of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, who are compared to the branches of the tree. ISKCON is one
of these branches, and it should therefore be respected by all sincere
devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.8
TEXT 8
TEXT
srivasa pandita, ara sri-rama pandita
dui bhai -- dui sakha, jagate vidita
SYNONYMS
srivasa pandita -- Srivasa Pandita; ara -- and; sri-rama
pandita -- Sri Rama Pandita; dui bhai -- two brothers; dui
sakha -- two branches; jagate -- in the world; vidita -- well known.
TRANSLATION
The two brothers Srivasa Pandita and Sri Rama Pandita started two
branches that are well known in the world.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (90), Srivasa Pandita (Srivasa
Thakura) is described as an incarnation of Narada Muni, and Sri Rama
Pandita, his younger brother, is said to be an incarnation of Parvata
Muni, a great friend of Narada's. Srivasa Pandita's wife, Malini, is
celebrated as an incarnation of the nurse Ambika, who fed Lord Krsna
with her breast milk, and as already noted, his niece Narayani, the
mother of Thakura Vrndavana dasa, the author of Sri Caitanya-bhagavata,
was the sister of Ambika in krsna-lila. We also understand from the
description of Sri Caitanya-bhagavata that after Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu's acceptance of the sannyasa order, Srivasa Pandita left
Navadvipa, possibly because of feelings of separation, and domiciled at
Kumarahatta.
Adi 10.9
TEXT 9
TEXT
sripati, srinidhi -- tanra dui sahodara
cari bhaira dasa-dasi, grha-parikara
SYNONYMS
sripati -- Sripati; srinidhi -- Srinidhi; tanra -
- their; dui -- two; sahodara -- own brothers; cari -- four; bhaira --
brothers; dasa-dasi -- family members, menservants and maidservants;
grha-parikara -- all counted in one family.
TRANSLATION
Their two brothers were named Sripati and Srinidhi. These four brothers
and their servants and maidservants are considered one big branch.
Adi 10.10
TEXT 10
TEXT
dui sakhara upasakhaya tan-sabara ganana
yanra grhe mahaprabhura sada sankirtana
SYNONYMS
dui sakhara -- of the two branches; upasakhaya -- on the
subbranches; tan-sabara -- of all of them; ganana -- counting;
yanra grhe -- in whose house; mahaprabhura -- of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu; sada -- always; sankirtana -- congregational chanting.
TRANSLATION
There is no counting the subbranches of these two branches. Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu held congregational chanting daily at the house of
Srivasa Pandita.
Adi 10.11
TEXT 11
TEXT
cari bhai sa-vamse kare caitanyera seva
gauracandra vina nahi jane devi-deva
SYNONYMS
cari bhai -- four brothers; sa-vamse -- with all family members; kare --
do; caitanyera -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; seva -- service;
gauracandra -- Gaurasundara (Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu); vina -- except;
nahi jane -- they do not know; devi -- goddess; deva -- or god.
TRANSLATION
These four brothers and their family members fully engaged in the
service of Lord Caitanya. They knew no other god or goddess.
PURPORT
Srila Narottama dasa Thakura has said, anya-devasraya nai, tomare kahinu
bhai, ei bhakti parama-karana: if one wants to become a pure, staunch
devotee, one should not take shelter of any of the demigods or -
goddesses. Foolish Mayavadis say that worshiping demigods is as good as
worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but that is not a fact.
This philosophy misleads people to atheism. One who has no idea what God
actually is thinks that any form he imagines or any rascal he accepts
can be God. This acceptance of cheap gods or incarnations of God is
actually atheism. It is to be concluded, therefore, that those who
worship demigods or self-proclaimed incarnations of God are all atheists.
They have lost their knowledge, as confirmed in the Bhagavad-gita (7.20)
: kamais tais tair hrta-jnanah prapadyante 'nya-devatah. "Those whose
minds are distorted by material desires surrender unto demigods."
Unfortunately, those who do not cultivate Krsna consciousness and
do not properly understand the Vedic knowledge accept any rascal to be
an incarnation of God, and they are of the opinion that one can become
an incarnation simply by worshiping a demigod. This philosophical hodge-
podge exists under the name of the Hindu religion, but the Krsna
consciousness movement does not approve of it. Indeed, we strongly
condemn it. Such worship of demigods and so-called incarnations of God
should never be confused with the pure Krsna consciousness movement.
Adi 10.12
TEXT 12
TEXT
acaryaratna' nama dhare bada eka sakha
tanra parikara, tanra sakha-upasakha
SYNONYMS
acaryaratna -- Acaryaratna; nama -- name; dhare -- he
accepts; bada -- big; eka -- one; sakha -- branch; tanra -- his;
parikara -- associates; tanra -- his; sakha -- branch; upasakha --
subbranches.
TRANSLATION
Another big branch was Acaryaratna, and his associates were
subbranches.
Adi 10.13
TEXT 13
TEXT
acaryaratnera nama sri-candrasekhara' --
yanra ghare devi-bhave nacila isvara
SYNONYMS
acaryaratnera -- of Acaryaratna; nama -- name; sri-candrasekhara --
Sri Candrasekhara; yanra -- of whom; ghare -- in the home; devi-
bhave -- as the goddess; nacila -- danced; isvara -- Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Acaryaratna was also named Sri Candrasekhara Acarya. In a drama in his
house, Lord Caitanya played the goddess of fortune.
PURPORT
Dramatic performances were enacted during the presence of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but the players who took part in such dramas were
all pure devotees; no outsiders were allowed. The members of ISKCON
should follow this example. Whenever they stage dramatic performances
about the lives of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu or Lord Krsna, the players
must be pure devotees. Professional players and dramatic actors have no
sense of devotional service, and therefore although they can perform
very artistically, there is no life in such performances. Srila
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to refer to such an actor as
yatra-dale narada, which means "farcical Narada." Sometimes an actor in
a drama plays the part of Narada Muni, although in his private life he
is not at all like Narada Muni because he is not a devotee. Such actors
are not needed in dramatic performances about the lives of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and Lord Krsna.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu used to perform dramas with Advaita Prabhu,
Srivasa Thakura and other devotees in the house of Candrasekhara. The
place where Candrasekhara's house was situated is now known as
Vrajapattana. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura established a
branch of his Sri Caitanya Matha at this place. When Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu decided to accept the renounced order of life, Candrasekhara
Acarya was informed of this by Sri Nityananda Prabhu, and therefore he
was present when Lord Caitanya accepted sannyasa from Kesava
Bharati in Katwa. It is he who first spread the word in Navadvipa of
Lord Caitanya's accepting sannyasa. Sri Candrasekhara Acarya was present
during many important incidents in the pastimes of Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. He therefore forms the second branch of the tree of Lord
Caitanya.
Adi 10.14
TEXT 14
TEXT
pundarika vidyanidhi -- bada-sakha jani
yanra nama lana prabhu kandila apani
SYNONYMS
pundarika vidyanidhi -- Pundarika Vidyanidhi; bada-sakha --
another big branch; jani -- I know; yanra nama -- whose name; lana --
taking; prabhu -- the Lord; kandila -- cried; apani -- Himself.
TRANSLATION
Pundarika Vidyanidhi, the third big branch, was so dear to Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu that in his absence Lord Caitanya Himself would sometimes cry.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (54), Srila Pundarika Vidyanidhi is
described as the father of Srimati Radharani in krsna-lila. Caitanya
Mahaprabhu therefore treated him as His father. Pundarika Vidyanidhi's
father was known as Banesvara or, according to another opinion,
Suklambara Brahmacari, and his mother's name was Gangadevi. According to
one opinion, Banesvara was a descendant of Sri Sivarama Gangopadhyaya.
The original home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi was in East Bengal (now
Bangladesh), in a village near Dacca named Baghiya, which belonged to
the Varendra group of brahmana families. Sometimes these Varendra
brahmanas were at odds with another group known as Radhiya brahmanas,
and therefore Pundarika Vidyanidhi's family was ostracized and at that
time was not living as a respectable family
.
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura writes in his Anubhasya, "One of
the members of this family is living in Vrndavana and is named
Sarojananda Gosvami. One special characteristic of this family is that
each of its members had only one son or no son at all, and therefore the
family was not very expansive. There is a place in the district of
Cattagrama in East Bengal that is known as Hata-hajari, and a short
distance from this place is a village known as Mekhala-grama, in which
Pundarika Vidyanidhi's forefathers lived. One can approach Mekhala-grama
from Cattagrama either on horseback, by bullock cart or by steamer. The
steamer station is known as Annapurnara-ghata. The birthplace of
Pundarika Vidyanidhi is about two miles southwest of Annapurnara-ghata.
The temple constructed there by Pundarika Vidyanidhi is now very old and
much in need of repair. Without repair, the temple may soon crumble.
There are two inscriptions on the bricks of that temple, but they are so
old that one cannot read them. There is another temple, however, about
two hundred yards south of this one, and some people say that this is
the old temple constructed by Pundarika Vidyanidhi."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu called Pundarika Vidyanidhi "father," and He
gave him the title Premanidhi. Pundarika Vidyanidhi later became the
spiritual master of Gadadhara Pandita and an intimate friend of Svarupa
Damodara's. Gadadhara Pandita at first misunderstood Pundarika
Vidyanidhi to be an ordinary pounds-and-shillings man, but later, upon
being corrected by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he became his disciple.
Another incident in the life of Pundarika Vidyanidhi involves his
criticizing the priest of the Jagannatha temple, for which Jagannatha
Prabhu chastised him personally by slapping his cheeks. This is
described in Sri Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda, Chapter Ten. Sri
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura informs us that during his time there
were still two living descendants of the family of Pundarika Vidyanidhi,
who were named Sri Harakumara Smrtitirtha and Sri Krsnakinkara
Vidyalankara. For further information one should refer to the dictionary
known as Vaisnava-manjusa.
Adi 10.15
TEXT 15
TEXT
bada sakha, -- gadadhara pandita-gosani
tenho laksmi-rupa, tanra sama keha nai
SYNONYMS
bada sakha -- big branch; gadadhara pandita-gosani -- the descendants or
disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita; tenho -- Gadadhara Pandita;
laksmi-rupa -- incarnation of the pleasure potency of Lord Krsna; tanra -
- his; sama -- equal; keha -- anyone; nai -- there is none.
TRANSLATION
Gadadhara Pandita, the fourth branch, is described as an incarnation of
the pleasure potency of Sri Krsna. No one, therefore, can equal him.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (147–53) it is stated, "
The pleasure potency of Sri Krsna formerly known as Vrndavanesvari is
now personified in the form of Sri Gadadhara Pandita in the pastimes of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu." Sri Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has pointed out
that in the shape of Laksmi, the pleasure potency of Krsna, she was
formerly very dear to the Lord as Syamasundara-vallabha. The same
Syamasundara-vallabha was present in Lord Caitanya's pastimes as
Gadadhara Pandita. Formerly, as Lalita-sakhi, she was always devoted to
Srimati Radharani. Thus Gadadhara Pandita is simultaneously an
incarnation of Srimati Radharani and Lalita-sakhi. In the Twelfth
Chapter of this part of the Caitanya-caritamrta there is a description
of the descendants or disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita.
Adi 10.16
TEXT 16
TEXT
tanra sisya-upasisya, -- tanra upasakha
eimata saba sakha-upasakhara lekha
SYNONYMS
tanra -- his; sisya -- disciples; upasisya -- granddisciples
and admirers; tanra -- his; upasakha -- subbranches; eimata --
in this way; saba -- all; sakha -- branches; upasakhara --
subbranches; lekha -- to describe by writing.
TRANSLATION
His disciples and granddisciples are his subbranches.
To describe them all would be difficult.
Adi 10.17
TEXT 17
TEXT
vakresvara pandita -- prabhura bada priya bhrtya
eka-bhave cabbisa prahara yanra nrtya
SYNONYMS
vakresvara pandita -- Vakresvara Pandita; prabhura -- of the
Lord; bada -- very; priya -- dear; bhrtya -- servant; eka-bhave --
continuously in the same ecstasy; cabbisa -- twenty-four; prahara -- a
duration of time comprising three hours; yanra -- whose; nrtya --
dancing.
TRANSLATION
Vakresvara Pandita, the fifth branch of the tree, was a very dear
servant of Lord Caitanya's. He could dance with constant ecstasy for
seventy-two hours.
PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (71) it is stated that Vakresvara
Pandita was an incarnation of Aniruddha, one of the quadruple expansions
of Visnu (Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Aniruddha and Pradyumna). He could dance
wonderfully for seventy-two continuous hours. When Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu played in dramatic performances in the house of Srivasa
Pandita, Vakresvara Pandita was one of the chief dancers, and he danced
continuously for that length of time. Sri Govinda dasa, an Oriya devotee
of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, has described the life of Vakresvara
Pandita in his book Gaura-krsnodaya. There are many disciples of
Vakresvara Pandita in Orissa, and they are known as Gaudiya Vaisnavas
although they are Oriyas. Among these disciples are Sri Gopalaguru and
his disciple Sri Dhyanacandra Gosvami.
Adi 10.18
TEXT 18
TEXT
apane mahaprabhu gaya yanra nrtya-kale
prabhura carana dhari' vakresvara bale
SYNONYMS
apane -- personally; mahaprabhu -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; gaya -- sang;
yanra -- whose; nrtya-kale -- at the time of dancing; prabhura -- of
the Lord; carana -- lotus feet; dhari' -- embracing; vakresvara --
Vakresvara Pandita; bale -- said.
TRANSLATION
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally sang while Vakresvara Pandita danced,
and thus Vakresvara Pandita fell at the lotus feet of the Lord and spoke
as follows.
Adi 10.19
TEXT 19
TEXT
"dasa-sahasra gandharva more deha' candramukha
tara gaya, muni nacon -- tabe mora sukha"
SYNONYMS
dasa-sahasra -- ten thousand; gandharva -- residents of Gandharvaloka;
more -- unto me; deha' -- please deliver; candra-mukha -- O moon-
faced one; tara gaya -- let them sing; muni nacon -- let me dance; tabe -
- then; mora -- my; sukha -- happiness.
TRANSLATION
"O Candramukha! Please give me ten thousand Gandharvas. Let them sing as
I dance, and then I will be greatly happy."
PURPORT
The Gandharvas, who are residents of Gandharvaloka, are celebrated as
celestial singers. Whenever singing is needed in the celestial planets,
the Gandharvas are invited to sing. The Gandharvas can sing continuously
for days, and therefore Vakresvara Pandita wanted to dance as they sang.
Adi 10.20
TEXT 20
TEXT
prabhu bale -- tumi mora paksa eka sakha
akase uditama yadi pan ara pakha
SYNONYMS
prabhu bale -- Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied; tumi -- you; mora --
My; paksa -- wing; eka -- one; sakha -- one-sided; akase -- in the sky;
uditama -- I could fly; yadi -- if; pan -- I could get; ara -- another;
pakha -- wing.
TRANSLATION
Lord Caitanya replied, "I have only one wing like you, but if I had
another, certainly I would fly in the sky!"
Adi 10.21
TEXT 21
TEXT
pandita jagadananda prabhura prana-rupa
loke khyata yenho satyabhamara svarupa
SYNONYMS
pandita jagadananda -- Pandita Jagadananda; prabhura -- of
the Lord; prana-rupa -- life and soul; loke -- in the world; khyata --
celebrated; yenho -- who; satyabhamara -- of Satyabhama; svarupa --
personification.
TRANSLATION
Pandita Jagadananda, the sixth branch of the Caitanya tree, was
celebrated as the life and soul of the Lord. He is known to have been an
incarnation of Satyabhama [one of the chief queens of Lord Krsna].
PURPORT
There are many dealings of Jagadananda Pandita with Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Most importantly, he was the Lord's constant companion and
especially took part in all the pastimes of the Lord in the houses of
Srivasa Pandita and Candrasekhara Acarya.
Adi 10.22
TEXT 22
TEXT
pritye karite cahe prabhura lalana-palana
vairagya-loka-bhaye prabhu na mane kakhana
SYNONYMS
pritye -- in intimacy or affection; karite -- to do; cahe -- wanted;
prabhura -- the Lord's; lalana-palana -- maintenance; vairagya --
renouncement; loka-bhaye -- fearing the public; prabhu -- the Lord; na --
did not; mane -- accept; kakhana -- any time.
TRANSLATION
Jagadananda Pandita [as an incarnation of Satyabhama] always wanted to
see to the comfort of Lord Caitanya, but since the Lord was a sannyasi
He did not accept the luxuries that Jagadananda Pandita offered.
Adi 10.23
TEXT 23
TEXT
dui-jane khatmati lagaya kondala
tanra prityera katha age kahiba sakala
SYNONYMS
dui-jane -- two persons; khatmati -- fighting over trifles; lagaya --
continued; kondala -- quarrel; tanra -- his; prityera -- affection;
katha -- narration; age -- ahead; kahiba -- I shall speak; sakala -- all.
TRANSLATION
They sometimes appeared to fight over trifles, but these quarrels were
based on their affection, of which I shall speak later.
Adi 10.24
TEXT 24
TEXT
raghava-pandita -- prabhura adya-anucara
tanra eka sakha mukhya -- makaradhvaja kara
SYNONYMS
raghava pandita -- Raghava Pandita; prabhura -- of the Lord;
adya -- original; anucara -- follower; tanra -- his; eka -- one; sakha --
branch; mukhya -- chief; makaradhvaja -- Makaradhvaja; kara
-- surname.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's original follower, is
understood to have been the seventh branch. From him proceeded another
subbranch, headed by Makaradhvaja Kara.
PURPORT
Kara was the surname of Makaradhvaja. At present this surname is
generally found in the Kayastha community. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (
166) states:
dhanistha bhaksya-samagrim krsnayadad vraje 'mitam
saiva samprati gauranga-priyo raghava-panditah
Raghava Pandita was formerly a confidential gopi in Vraja during the
time of Lord Krsna's pastimes, and his former name was Dhanistha. This
gopi, Dhanistha, always engaged in preparing foods for Krsna.
Adi 10.25
TEXT 25
TEXT
tanhara bhagini damayanti prabhura priya dasi
prabhura bhoga-samagri ye kare vara-masi
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- his; bhagini -- sister; damayanti -- Damayanti;
prabhura -- of the Lord; priya -- dear; dasi -- maidservant; prabhura --
of the Lord; bhoga-samagri -- cooking materials; ye -- who; kare -- does;
vara-masi -- throughout the whole year.
TRANSLATION
Raghava Pandita's sister Damayanti was the dear maidservant of the Lord.
She always collected various ingredients with which to cook for Lord
Caitanya.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura writes in his Anubhasya, "In the
Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (167) it is mentioned, gunamala vraje
yasid damayanti tu tat-svasa: The gopi named Gunamala appeared
as Raghava Pandita's sister Damayanti. On the East Bengal railway line
beginning from the Sealdah station in Calcutta, there is a station named
Sodapura, which is not very far from Calcutta. Within one mile of this
station, toward the western side of the Ganges, is a village known as
Panihati, in which the residential quarters of Raghava Pandita still
exist. On Raghava Pandita's tomb is a creeper on a concrete platform.
There is also a Madana-mohana Deity in a broken-down temple nearby. This
temple is managed by a local zamindar of the name Sri Sivacandra Raya
Caudhuri. Makaradhvaja Kara was also an inhabitant of Panihati."
Adi 10.26
TEXT 26
TEXT
se saba samagri yata jhalite bhariya
raghava la-iya ya'na gupata kariya
SYNONYMS
se saba -- all those; samagri -- ingredients; yata -- all of them;
jhalite bhariya -- packing in bags; raghava -- Raghava Pandita; la-
iya -- carried; ya'na -- goes; gupata kariya -- very confidentially.
TRANSLATION
The foods Damayanti cooked for Lord Caitanya when He was at Puri
were carried in bags by her brother Raghava without the knowledge of
others.
Adi 10.27
TEXT 27
TEXT
vara-masa taha prabhu karena angikara
raghavera jhali' bali' prasiddhi yahara
SYNONYMS
vara-masa -- the whole year; taha -- all those foods; prabhu --
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; karena -- did; angikara -- accept;
raghavera jhali -- the bags of Raghava Pandita; bali' -- so called;
prasiddhi -- celebrated; yahara -- of which.
TRANSLATION
The Lord accepted these foods throughout the entire year. Those
bags are still celebrated as raghavera jhali ["the bags of Raghava
Pandita"].
Adi 10.28
TEXT 28
TEXT
se-saba samagri age kariba vistara
yahara sravane bhaktera vahe asrudhara
SYNONYMS
se-saba -- all these things; samagri -- ingredients of the foods; age --
further on; kariba -- I shall describe; vistara -- vividly; yahara -- of
which; sravane -- by the hearing; bhaktera -- of a devotee; vahe --
flowing; asru-dhara -- tears.
TRANSLATION
I shall describe the contents of the bags of Raghava Pandita later in
this book. Hearing this narration, devotees generally cry, and tears
glide down from their eyes.
PURPORT
A vivid description of these raghavera jhali is to be found in Chapter
Ten of the Antya-lila portion of Sri Caitanya-caritamrta.
Adi 10.29
TEXT 29
TEXT
prabhura atyanta priya -- pandita gangadasa
yanhara smarane haya sarva-bandha-nasa
SYNONYMS
prabhura -- of the Lord; atyanta -- very; priya -- dear; pandita
gangadasa -- Pandita Gangadasa; yanhara -- who; smarane --
by remembering; haya -- it becomes; sarva-bandha-nasa -- freedom from
all kinds of bondage.
TRANSLATION
Pandita Gangadasa was the eighth dear branch of the tree of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. One who remembers his activities attains freedom from all
bondage.
Adi 10.30
TEXT 30
TEXT
caitanya-parsada -- sri-acarya purandara
pita kari' yanre bale gauranga-sundara
SYNONYMS
caitanya-parsada -- associate of Lord Caitanya; sri-acarya purandara --
Sri Acarya Purandara; pita -- father; kari' -- taking him;
yanre -- whom; bale -- says; gauranga-sundara -- Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Sri Acarya Purandara, the ninth branch, was a constant associate of Lord
Caitanya's. The Lord accepted him as His father.
PURPORT
It is described in the Caitanya-bhagavata that whenever Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu visited the house of Raghava Pandita, He also visited
Purandara Acarya immediately upon receiving an invitation. Purandara
Acarya is to be considered most fortunate because the Lord used to greet
him by addressing him as His father and embracing him in great love.
Adi 10.31
TEXT 31
TEXT
damodara-pandita sakha premete pracanda
prabhura upare yenho kaila vakya-danda
SYNONYMS
damodara-pandita -- Damodara Pandita; sakha -- another
branch (the tenth branch); premete -- in affection; pracanda -- very
advanced; prabhura -- the Lord; upare -- upon; yenho -- he who;
kaila -- did; vakya-danda -- chastisement by speaking.
TRANSLATION
Damodara Pandita, the tenth branch of the Caitanya tree, was so elevated
in love of Lord Caitanya that he once unhesitatingly chastised the Lord
with strong words.
Adi 10.32
TEXT 32
TEXT
danda-katha kahiba age vistara kariya
dande tusta prabhu tanre pathaila nadiya
SYNONYMS
danda-katha -- the narration of such chastisement; kahiba -- I shall
speak; age -- ahead; vistara -- detailed description; kariya -- making;
dande -- in the matter of chastisement; tusta prabhu -- the Lord is very
much satisfied; tanre -- him; pathaila -- sent back; nadiya -- Nadia (a
district in Bengal).
TRANSLATION
Later in the Caitanya-caritamrta I shall describe this
incident of chastisement in detail. The Lord, being
very much satisfied by this chastisement, sent Damodara Pandita to
Navadvipa.
PURPORT
Damodara Pandita, who was formerly known as Saibya in Vraja-dhama,
used to carry messages from Lord Caitanya to Sacimata, and during the
Ratha-yatra festival he carried messages from Sacimata to Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Adi 10.33
TEXT 33
TEXT
tanhara anuja sakha -- sankara-pandita
prabhu-padopadhana' yanra nama vidita
SYNONYMS
tanhara -- his (Damodara Pandita's); anuja -- younger brother; sakha --
the eleventh branch; sankara-pandita -- Sankara Pandita;
prabhu -- the Lord's; pada-upadhana -- shoes; yanra -- whose; nama --
name; vidita -- celebrated.
TRANSLATION
The eleventh branch, the younger brother of Damodara Pandita, was known
as Sankara Pandita. He was celebrated as the shoes of the Lord.
Adi 10.34
TEXT 34
TEXT
sadasiva-pandita yanra prabhu-pade asa
prathamei nityanandera yanra ghare vasa
SYNONYMS
sadasiva-pandita -- Sadasiva Pandita; yanra -- whose; prabhu-
pade -- unto the lotus feet of the Lord; asa -- constant desire;
prathamei -- in the beginning; nityanandera -- of Lord Nityananda; yanra
-- of whom; ghare -- in the home; vasa -- residence.
TRANSLATION
Sadasiva Pandita, the twelfth branch, was always eager to serve the
lotus feet of the Lord. It was his good fortune that when Lord
Nityananda came to Navadvipa He resided at his house.
PURPORT
It is mentioned in the Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda, Chapter Nine,
that Sadasiva Pandita was a pure devotee and that Nityananda Prabhu
resided at his house.
Adi 10.35
TEXT 35
TEXT
sri-nrsimha-upasaka -- pradyumna brahmacari
prabhu tanra nama kaila nrsimhananda' kari'
SYNONYMS
sri-nrsimha-upasaka -- the worshiper of Lord Nrsimhadeva; pradyumna
brahmacari -- Pradyumna Brahmacari; prabhu -- the Lord;
tanra -- his; nama -- name; kaila -- turned into; nrsimhananda --
Nrsimhananda; kari' -- by such a name.
TRANSLATION
The thirteenth branch was Pradyumna Brahmacari. Since he was a worshiper
of Lord Nrsimhadeva, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu changed his name to
Nrsimhananda Brahmacari.
PURPORT
Pradyumna Brahmacari is described in the Antya-lila, Second Chapter, of
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta. He was a great devotee of Lord Caitanya, who
changed his name to Nrsimhananda. While coming from the house of Raghava
Pandita at Panihati to the house of Sivananda, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
appeared in the heart of Nrsimhananda Brahmacari. To acknowledge this,
Nrsimhananda Brahmacari used to accept as eatables the food of
three Deities, namely Jagannatha, Nrsimhadeva and Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. This is stated in the Caitanya-caritamrta, Antya-lila,
Second Chapter, verses 48 through 78. Upon receiving information that
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu was proceeding toward Vrndavana from Kuliya,
Nrsimhananda absorbed himself in meditation and by his mental activities
began constructing a very nice road from Kuliya to Vrndavana. All
of a sudden, however, he broke his meditation and told the other
devotees that this time Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu would not go to
Vrndavana but would travel only as far as the place known as Kanai
Natasala. This is described in Madhya-lila, Chapter One, verses 155
through 162. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (74) says, avesas ca
tathajneyo misre pradyumna-samjnake: Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu changed the
name of Pradyumna Misra, or Pradyumna Brahmacari, to Nrsimhananda
Brahmacari, for in his heart Lord Nrsimhadeva was manifest. It is said
that Lord Nrsimhadeva used to talk with him directly.
Adi 10.36
TEXT 36
TEXT
narayana-pandita eka bada-i udara
caitanya-carana vinu nahi jane ara
SYNONYMS
narayana-pandita -- Narayana Pandita; eka -- one; badai --
very; udara -- liberal; caitanya-carana -- the lotus feet of Lord
Caitanya; vinu -- except; nahi -- not; jane -- know; ara -- anything
else.
TRANSLATION
Narayana Pandita, the fourteenth branch, a great and liberal devotee,
did not know any shelter but Lord Caitanya's lotus feet.
PURPORT
Narayana Pandita was one of the associates of Srivasa Thakura. It is
mentioned in the Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda, Eighth Chapter, verse
36, that he went to see Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri with
the Thakura's brother Sri Rama Pandita.
Adi 10.37
TEXT 37
TEXT
sriman-pandita sakha -- prabhura nija bhrtya
deuti dharena, yabe prabhu karena nrtya
SYNONYMS
sriman-pandita -- Sriman Pandita; sakha -- branch; prabhura -
- of the Lord; nija -- own; bhrtya -- servant; deuti -- torch light;
dharena -- carries; yabe -- while; prabhu -- Lord Caitanya; karena --
does; nrtya -- dance.
TRANSLATION
The fifteenth branch was Sriman Pandita, who was a constant servitor of
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He used to carry a torch while the Lord danced.
PURPORT
Sriman Pandita was among the companions of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu when
the Lord performed sankirtana. When Lord Caitanya dressed Himself in the
form of the goddess Laksmi and danced in the streets of Navadvipa,
Sriman Pandita carried a torch to light the way.
Adi 10.38
TEXT 38
TEXT
suklambara-brahmacari bada bhagyavan
yanra anna magi' kadi' khaila bhagavan
SYNONYMS
suklambara-brahmacari -- Suklambara Brahmacari; bada -- very
; bhagyavan -- fortunate; yanra -- whose; anna -- food; magi' --
begging; kadi' -- snatching; khaila -- ate; bhagavan -- the Supreme
Personality of Godhead.
TRANSLATION
The sixteenth branch, Suklambara Brahmacari, was very fortunate because
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu jokingly or seriously begged food from him or
sometimes snatched it from him forcibly and ate it.
PURPORT
It is stated that Suklambara Brahmacari, an inhabitant of Navadvipa, was
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu's first companion in the sankirtana movement.
When Lord Caitanya returned from Gaya after initiation, He stayed with
Suklambara Brahmacari because He wanted to hear from this devotee about
the pastimes of Lord Krsna. Suklambara Brahmacari collected alms of rice
from the inhabitants of Navadvipa, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took
pleasure in eating the rice that he cooked. It is said that Suklambara
Brahmacari was one of the wives of the yajnic brahmanas during the time
of Lord Krsna's pastimes in Vrndavana. Lord Krsna begged food from
the wives of the yajnic brahmanas, and Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
performed a similar pastime by begging rice from Suklambara Brahmacari.
Adi 10.39
TEXT 39
TEXT
nandana-acarya-sakha jagate vidita
lukaiya dui prabhura yanra ghare sthita
SYNONYMS
nandana-acarya -- Nandana Acarya; sakha -- the seventeenth
branch; jagate -- in the world; vidita -- celebrated; lukaiya -- hiding;
dui -- two; prabhura -- of the Lords; yanra -- of whom; ghare -- in the
house; sthita -- situated.
TRANSLATION
Nandana Acarya, the seventeenth branch of the Caitanya tree, is
celebrated within the world because the two Prabhus [Lord Caitanya and
Nityananda] sometimes hid in his house.
PURPORT
Nandana Acarya was another companion of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu during
His kirtana pastimes in Navadvipa. Srila Nityananda Prabhu, as Avadhuta,
traveled on many pilgrimages, and when He first came to Sri Navadvipa-
dhama He remained hidden in the house of Nandana Acarya. It is there
that He first met all the devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. When
Caitanya Mahaprabhu exhibited His maha-prakasa, He asked Ramai Pandita
to call Advaita Prabhu, who was hiding in the home of Nandana Acarya,
for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu could understand that He was hiding.
Similarly, Lord Caitanya also sometimes hid in the home of Nandana
Acarya. In this connection one may refer to Sri Caitanya-bhagavata,
Madhya-khanda, Chapters Six and Seventeen.
Adi 10.40
TEXT 40
TEXT
sri-mukunda-datta sakha -- prabhura samadhyayi
yanhara kirtane nace caitanya-gosani
SYNONYMS
sri-mukunda-datta -- Sri Mukunda Datta; sakha -- another
branch; prabhura -- of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; samadhyayi -- class
friend; yanhara -- whose; kirtane -- in sankirtana; nace -- dances;
caitanya-gosani -- Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Mukunda Datta, a class friend of Lord Caitanya's, was another branch of
the Caitanya tree. Lord Caitanya danced while he sang.
PURPORT
Sri Mukunda Datta was born in the Cattagrama district, in the village of
Chanhara, which is under the jurisdiction of the police station named
Patiya. This village is situated ten krosas, or about twenty miles, from
the home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (140) it
is said:
vraje sthitau gayakau yau madhukantha-madhuvratau
mukunda-vasudevau tau dattau gauranga-gayakau
"In Vraja there were two very nice singers named Madhukantha and
Madhuvrata. They appeared in caitanya-lila as Mukunda and Vasudeva Datta,
who were singers in the society of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu." When Lord
Caitanya was a student, Mukunda Datta was His class friend, and they
frequently engaged in logical arguments. Sometimes Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu would fight with Mukunda Datta, using tricks of logic. This
is described in the Caitanya-bhagavata, Adi-khanda, Chapters Eleven and
Twelve. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned from Gaya, Mukunda Datta
gave Him pleasure by reciting verses from Srimad-Bhagavatam about krsna-
lila. It was by his endeavor that Gadadhara Pandita Gosvami became a
disciple of Pundarika Vidyanidhi, as stated in Sri Caitanya-bhagavata,
Madhya-khanda, Chapter Seven. When Mukunda Datta sang in the courtyard
of Srivasa Prabhu, Mahaprabhu danced with His singing, and when Lord
Caitanya for twenty-one hours exhibited an ecstatic manifestation known
as sata-prahariya, Mukunda Datta inaugurated the function by singing.
Sometimes Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu chastised Mukunda Datta by calling
him khadajathiya beta because he attended many functions held by
different classes of nondevotees. This is stated in the Caitanya-
bhagavata, Madhya-khanda, Chapter Ten. When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
dressed Himself as the goddess of fortune to dance in the house of
Candrasekhara, Mukunda Datta began the first song.
Before disclosing His desire to take the renounced order of life, Lord
Caitanya first went to the house of Mukunda Datta, but at that time
Mukunda Datta requested Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu to continue His
sankirtana movement for a few days more before taking sannyasa. This is
stated in the Caitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-khanda, Chapter Twenty-six.
The information of Lord Caitanya's accepting the renounced order was
made known to Gadadhara Pandita, Candrasekhara Acarya and Mukunda Datta
by Nityananda Prabhu, and therefore all of them went to Katwa and
arranged for kirtana and all the paraphernalia for Lord Caitanya's
acceptance of sannyasa. After the Lord took sannyasa, they all followed
Him, especially Sri Nityananda Prabhu, Gadadhara Prabhu and Mukunda
Datta, who followed Him all the way to Purusottama-ksetra. In this
connection one may refer to Sri Caitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda,
Chapter Two. In the place known as Jalesvara, Nityananda Prabhu broke
the sannyasa rod of Caitanya Mahaprabhu [Cc. Madhya 1.97]. Mukunda Datta
was also present at that time. He went every year from Bengal to see
Lord Caitanya at Jagannatha Puri.
Adi 10.41
TEXT 41
TEXT
vasudeva datta -- prabhura bhrtya mahasaya
sahasra-mukhe yanra guna kahile na haya
SYNONYMS
vasudeva datta -- Vasudeva Datta; prabhura -- of Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu; bhrtya -- servant; mahasaya -- great personality;
sahasra-mukhe -- with thousands of mouths; yanra -- whose; guna --
qualities; kahile -- describing; na -- never; haya -- becomes fulfilled.
TRANSLATION
Vasudeva Datta, the nineteenth branch of the Sri Caitanya tree, was a
great personality and a most confidential devotee of the Lord. One could
not describe his qualities even with thousands of mouths.
PURPORT
Vasudeva Datta, the brother of Mukunda Datta, was also a resident of
Cattagrama. In the Caitanya-bhagavata it is said, yanra sthane krsna
haya apane vikraya: Vasudeva Datta was such a powerful devotee that
Krsna was purchased by him. Vasudeva Datta stayed at Srivasa Pandita's
house, and in the Caitanya-bhagavata it is described that Lord Caitanya
Mahaprabhu was so pleased with Vasudeva Datta and so affectionate toward
him that He used to say, "I am only Vasudeva Datta's man. My body is
only meant to please Vasudeva Datta, and he can sell Me anywhere."
Thrice He vowed that this was a fact and that no one should disbelieve
these statements. "All My dear devotees," He said, "I tell you the truth.
My body is especially meant for Vasudeva Datta." Vasudeva Datta
initiated Sri Yadunandana Acarya, the spiritual master of Raghunatha
dasa, who later became Raghunatha dasa Gosvami. This will be found in
the Caitanya-caritamrta, Antya-lila, Sixth Chapter, verse 161. Vasudeva
Datta spent money very liberally; therefore Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu
asked Sivananda Sena to become his sarakhela, or secretary, in order to
control his extravagant expenses. Vasudeva Datta was so kind to the
living entities that he wanted to take all their sinful reactions so
that they might be delivered by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This is
described in the Fifteenth Chapter of the Caitanya-caritamrta's Madhya-
lila, verses 159 through 180.
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura writes in his Anubhasya, "There
is a railway station named Purvasthali near the Navadvipa railway
station, and about one mile away, in a village known as Mamagachi, which
is the birthplace of Vrndavana dasa Thakura, there is presently a temple
of Madana-gopala that was established by Vasudeva Datta."